S/S–NSC files, lot 63 D 351, NSC 125 Series
Note by the Executive Secretary
(Lay) to the
National Security Council
United States Objectives and Courses of Action With Respect to Japan
- NSC 125, NSC 125/1 and Annex to NSC 125/1
- Memos for NSC from Executive Secretary, same subject, dated August 11 and August 7, 19522
- NSC Action No. 6603
- NSC 48/5
The National Security Council, the Secretaries of the Treasury and Commerce and the Acting Director of Defense Mobilization, at the 121st Council meeting with the President presiding, considered NSC 125/1 on the subject and adopted it, subject to the amendment [Page 1301] of subparagraphs (11) and (12) on pages 15 and 17 thereof, together with a footnote to subparagraph (11)4 (NSC Action No. 660).
NSC 125/1, as amended and adopted by the National Security Council and subsequently approved by the President on August 7, 1952, is transmitted herewith at the direction of the President for implementation by all appropriate executive departments and agencies of the U.S. Government under the coordination of the Secretaries of State and Defense.
In approving the enclosure, the President further directed that the general structure of a U.S. program to implement the courses of action enumerated in paragraph 7 of NSC 125/2 should, where suitable, be explored by the Department of State in consultation with the Departments of Defense and Commerce, the Office of the Director for Mutual Security, the Office of Defense Mobilization and other appropriate agencies, and that the main elements of such a program should be reported back to the National Security Council at the earliest possible time.
The enclosed report accordingly supersedes NSC 125, “Interim Policy With Respect to Japan”, and paragraphs 6.-c. and 10 of NSC 48/5.
- This memorandum transmitted the JCS memorandum, Document 582, to the NSC.↩
- Not printed; it is a formal notification to Council members of the President’s approval that day of NSC 125/2.↩
- This action, taken at the Council meeting held on Aug. 6, is described in the first paragraph of Lay’s note. (S/S–NSC (Miscellaneous) files, lot 66 D 95)↩
- An unsigned memorandum for the President dated Aug. 7, contains a summary of the discussion at the NSC meeting held the previous day. It includes a one-sentence summary of the consideration of NSC 125/1: “Mr. Bruce, Secretary Lovett and Secretary Sawyer discussed the draft proposals for eliminating the split views on subparagraphs (11) and (12) on pages 15 and 16 of NSC 125/1, and agreed on a modification that was then accepted by all present.” (Truman Library, Truman papers, President’s Secretary’s file)↩
- Japan is a part of the off-shore U.S. defense line which also includes the Ryukyus, the Philippines, Australia and New Zealand. [Footnote in the source text.]↩
- For text of the Mutual Defense Assistance Control Act of 1951, approved Oct. 26, see 65 Stat 644.↩
- Note: It is understood that the statement in subparagraph (b) above constitutes the U.S. objective and the successful accomplishment of that objective will require that the U.S. and Japanese Governments agree bilaterally on the security significance of the items. [Footnote in the source text.]↩