List of Persons

Editor’s Note: The identification of the persons in this list is limited to circumstances and positions under reference in this volume. Historical personages alluded to in the volume and certain minor officials are not identified. All titles and positions are American unless there is an indication to the contrary.

  • Acheson, Dean, Secretary of State, January 19, 1949–January 20, 1953.
  • Achilles, Theodore C., U.S. Vice Deputy Representative on the North Atlantic Council from October 3, 1950; Deputy Chief of Mission of the Embassy in France from April 1, 1952; Chief of Mission from September 18, 1952; Minister of the Embassy in France from October 25, 1954.
  • Adenauer, Konrad, Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany from September 1949; in addition, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Federal Republic from March 1951.
  • Aiken, Frank, Irish Minister of Foreign Affairs until June 1954.
  • Aldrich, Winthrop W., Ambassador in the United Kingdom, February 20, 1953–February 1, 1957.
  • Alexander of Tunis, Harold, R.L.G., Field Marshal and Earl, British Minister of Defense, March 1, 1952–October 18, 1954.
  • Allen, William Denis, Head of the Central Department in the British Foreign Office; from May 1953 Assistant Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.
  • Allison, John N., Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs, February 1, 1952–April 1953; after May 28, 1953, Ambassador in Japan.
  • Alphand, Hervé, French Deputy Representative on the North Atlantic Council until September 1954.
  • Anderson, Hans G., Legal Adviser in the Icelandic Foreign Office; Icelandic Permanent Representative on the North Atlantic Council, 1954.
  • Anderson, Daniel V., First Secretary of the Embassy in Spain, December 26, 1950–June 5, 1952.
  • Anderson, Frederick L., Deputy Special Representative in Europe at Paris after March 13, 1952.
  • Anderson, H. Eugenie, Ambassador in Denmark, December 22, 1949–January 19, 1953.
  • Anderson, Robert B., Deputy Secretary of Defense, May 3, 1954–August 4, 1955.
  • Anderson, Samuel W., Assistant Secretary of Commerce for International Affairs.
  • Andrews, George D., Consul at Strasbourg from March 15, 1950.
  • Antier, Paul, Deputy in the French National Assembly from 1946; Minister of Agriculture, August 1951–January 1952.
  • Arburua de la Miyar, Manuel, Spanish Minister of Commerce after July 1951; President of the Interministerial Coordinating Commission for the distribution of funds available from the economic aid agreements concluded in September 1953.
  • Areilza, Jose Maria de, Spanish Ambassador in the United States from November 6, 1954.
  • Arey, Hawthorne, Assistant Director of the Export-Import Bank.
  • Arguelles Y Armada, Jaime, Spanish Under Secretary of Foreign Economy after July 1952; Vice President of the Interministerial Coordinating Commission for [Page XVI]the distribution of funds available from the economic aid agreement concluded in September 1953.
  • Armstrong, W. Park, Jr., Special Assistant for Intelligence, Department of State from June 1950.
  • Arneson, R. Gordon, Special Assistant to the Secretary of State for Atomic Energy Affairs until April 11, 1954; thereafter Deputy Science Adviser.
  • Artajo, Alberto Martin. See Martin Artajo, Alberto.
  • Arth, Maurice P., Program Officer for European Affairs in the Office of the Director for Mutual Security until December 1953; thereafter Chief of the Military Section, Office of the Deputy Director for Program and Planning, Foreign Operations Administration.
  • Asher, Robert E., Special Assistant to the Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs from October 15, 1951.
  • Auriol, Vincent, President of France, January 16, 1947–January 15, 1954.
  • Barbour, Walworth, Director of the Office of Eastern European Affairs, Department of State, July 25, 1951–May 26, 1954; thereafter Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs.
  • Barnett, Robert W., Officer in Charge of Economic Affairs, Office of Western European Affairs, November 9, 1952–November 20, 1954; thereafter Officer in Charge of Economic Organization Affairs, Office of European Regional Affairs, Department of State.
  • Batt, William L., Chief of the Economic Cooperation Administration Mission in the United Kingdom from October 5, 1950; Chief of the Mutual Security Agency Mission in the United Kingdom, January–September 1952.
  • Battle, Lucius D., Special Assistant to the Secretary of State from June 26, 1951; Foreign Affairs Officer in the Office of the Special Assistant to the Secretary of State for Mutual Security Affairs after October 13, 1952; Attaché in Denmark after January 30, 1953; First Secretary in Denmark after July 26, 1954.
  • Baum, Warren, Economist, European Regional Staff, Mutual Security Agency until January 1953.
  • Bay, Charles U., Ambassador in Norway until July 31, 1953.
  • Beale, Wilson T.M., Jr., Officer in Charge of Economic Affairs, Office of British Commonwealth and Northern European Affairs, April 15, 1951–July 20, 1952; thereafter Officer in Charge of United Kingdom and Ireland Affairs, Office of British Commonwealth and Northern European Affairs.
  • Beaumont, Guerin Jean Michel, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs after June 1954.
  • Bech, Joseph, Luxembourg Minister of Foreign Affairs, Foreign Commerce and National Defense from 1951; Prime Minister after December 29, 1953.
  • Beigel, Edgar J., Office of Western European Affairs, Department of State from December 10, 1951.
  • Bell, John H., Colonel, U.S. Air Force; Executive Officer in the Office of the Under Secretary of the Air Force, 1952.
  • Bell, John O., Counselor of Embassy in Denmark, December 10, 1951–January 21, 1955.
  • Benediktsson, Bjarni, Icelandic Minister of Foreign Affairs until September 13, 1953.
  • Benson, Ezra Taft, Secretary of Agriculture after January 21, 1953.
  • Berger, Samuel D., Special Assistant to the Director for Mutual Security until February 1953; Counselor of Embassy in Japan until May 1954; thereafter Counselor of Embassy in New Zealand.
  • Berry, Burton Y., Acting Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs until June 1952.
  • Beyen, Johan W., Netherlands Minister of Foreign Affairs, September 1, 1952–October 11, 1955 (position held jointly with Joseph Luns).
  • Bidault, Georges, French Minister of National Defense, August 1951–March 1952; Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of National Defense, 1952; French Minister of Foreign Affairs, January 8, 1953–June 19, 1954.
  • Biddle, Gen. A.J. Drexel, Jr., Executive Officer in Supreme Headquarters, Allied Powers, Europe, 1951–1953; thereafter Special Assistant to the Chief of Staff, U.S. Army.
  • Bissle, Richard M., Acting Administrator of the Economic Cooperation Administration after September 1951; Deputy Director of the Mutual Security Agency, January 14–18, 1952; thereafter Consultant to the Director for Mutual Security.
  • Blank, Theodor, unofficial personal adviser to German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer; Rapporteur for the Federal Republic of Germany for talks with the Allied High Commission regarding German financial contributions to Western defense after December 1951.
  • Blankenhorn, Herbert A.H., Director of the Political Affairs Section of the German Federal Republic’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs after March 13, 1951.
  • Bliss, Don Carroll, Counselor of Embassy in Canada with rank of Minister after January 5, 1950.
  • Blum, Robert, Assistant Deputy for Economic Affairs, Office of the Special Representative in Europe at Paris after November 3, 1951.
  • Bohlen, Charles E. (Chip), Counselor of the Department of State, March 13, 1951–March 26, 1953; member of the Senior Staff of the National Security Council after July 1951; Ambassador in the Soviet Union after March 27, 1953.
  • Bonbright, James C.H., Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs from June 27, 1950; Special Assistant to the Permanent Representative in Europe at Paris, April 1954–January 1955.
  • Bonnet, Henri, French Ambassador in the United States after January 1, 1945.
  • Bonsal, Philip W., Counselor, with the personal rank of Minister of the Embassy in France, November 14, 1950–March 20, 1952; thereafter Director of the Office of Philippine and Southeast Asian Affairs until February 10, 1955.
  • Boochever, Louis C., Jr., Financial Economist in the Office of European Regional Affairs, Department of State, from June 26, 1950; International Relations Officer in the Office of European Regional Affairs after April 13, 1952.
  • Boris, Georges, Chargé de Mission in the Personal Cabinet of French Prime Minister Pierre Mendès-France after June 1954.
  • Bourgés-Maunoury, Maurice, Deputy in the French National Assembly after 1946; French Minister of Armaments and Minister of Finance, March 1952–January 1953; French Minister of Industry and Commerce, June 1954–February 1955.
  • Bowie, Robert R., Director of the Policy Planning Staff after May 18, 1953.
  • Bradley, General of the Army Omar N., Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff until August 14, 1953.
  • Brentano, Heinrich von, Chairman of the Christlich Demokratische Union, Christlich Soziale Union (Christian Democratic Union, Christian Social Union) party coalition in the Bundestag after September 1949; German Representative to the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community and German Representative to the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe.
  • Bronz, George, Special Assistant to the General Counsel to the Department of the Treasury.
  • Brown, Aaron S., Counselor of Embassy in Portugal after December 17, 1953.
  • Brown, Winthrop G., Director of the Office of International Materials Policy after November 21, 1951; Counselor of Embassy in the United Kingdom after August 20, 1952; Deputy Director of Operations Mission in the United Kingdom, 1954.
  • Bruce, David K.E., Ambassador in France, May 9, 1949–March 10, 1952; Observer at the Conference for the Organization of a European Defense Community after February 1951; Under Secretary of State, April 1, 1952–January 20, 1953; Consultant to the Secretary of State until February 19, 1953; thereafter Observer to the Interim Committee of the European Defense Community and Representative to the European Coal and Steel Community.
  • Brucker, Wilber M., General Counsel of the Department of Defense, 1954–1955.
  • Buckley, Oliver E., Chairman of the U.S. Science Advisory Committee, 1952.
  • Bunker, Ellsworth, Ambassador in Italy, May 7, 1952–April 3, 1953.
  • Burgess, W. Randolph, Deputy to the Secretary of the Treasury, 1953–1954; after August 3, 1954, Under Secretary of the Treasury for Monetary Affairs.
  • Burin des Roziers, Etienne, Technical Counselor in the Cabinet of French Prime Minister René Mayer, January–June 1953.
  • Burrows, Bernard A.B., Counselor of the British Embassy in the United States, January 1950–July 1953.
  • Butler, Richard Austen, British Chancellor of the Exchequer, October 1951–December 1955.
  • Butterworth, W. Walton, Ambassador in Sweden, September 18, 1950–December 9, 1953; Deputy Chief of Mission of the Embassy in the United Kingdom, December 10, 1953–January 30, 1956.
  • Byington, Homer M., Jr., Director of the Office of Western European Affairs, Department of State, June 30, 1950–August 1, 1953; thereafter Counselor of Embassy in Spain.
  • Byrns, Kenneth A., Office of British Commonwealth and Northern European Affairs, Department of State, until August 2, 1952.
  • Byroade, Henry A., Director of the Bureau of German Affairs from November 1, 1949; Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs after April 14, 1952.
  • Cabot, John M., Ambassador in Sweden after May 6, 1954.
  • Cabot, Robert M., Program Officer for European Affairs in the Office of the Director for Mutual Security 1951–1952.
  • Caccia, Sir Harold A., British Deputy Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs after February 1954.
  • Camm, Frank, Brigadier General, U.S. Army; Chief of the Military Assistance Advisory Group in Porturgal 1952.
  • Camp, Miriam, Officer in Charge of Economic Organization Affairs, Office of European Regional Affairs, Department of State, after January 7, 1951.
  • Cannon, Cavendish W., Ambassador in Portugal, June 2, 1952–August 1, 1953.
  • Carney, Robert B., Admiral, U.S. Navy; Commander in Chief, Allied Forces, Southern Europe, June 1951–May 1953; thereafter Chief of Naval Operations and Member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
  • Carrigan, John W., Counselor of Embassy in Portugal from July 1, 1951; Consul at Dhahran after January 6, 1954.
  • Casey, Richard G., Australian Minister of External Affairs.
  • Cattani, Attilio, Italian Representative to, and President of the Executive Committee of the Organization for European Economic Cooperation, 1952–1955.
  • Chaban-Delmas, Jacques, Deputy in the French National Assembly after 1946; French Minister of Labor, June 1954–February 1955.
  • Chapin, Selden, Ambassador in the Netherlands, October 27, 1949–October 30, 1953.
  • Cherwell, Lord (Frederick Alexander Lindemann), British Paymaster General and Advisor to Prime Minister Churchill on atomic energy affairs.
  • Chevrier, Lionel, Canadian Minister of Transport; after July 1, 1954, President of the St. Lawrence Seaway Authority.
  • Chiang Kai-Shek, Generalissimo, President of the Republic of China.
  • Chou En-lai, Premier of Government Administration Council (from September 1954, State Council) and Minister of Foreign Affairs, People’s Republic of China; in 1954, Head of the People’s Republic of China Delegation to the Geneva Conference.
  • Christensen, William H., Second Secretary of Embassy in Ireland after December 22, 1949; Office of British Commonwealth and Northern European Affairs, Department of State after September 3, 1952.
  • Christiansen, James G., Major General, Chief of the Military Assistance Advisory Group in Italy 1953–1954.
  • Churchill, Winston S. (Sir Winston, from April 24, 1953), Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and First Lord of the Treasury, October 26, 1951–April 6, 1955; also British Minister of Defence, October 1951–January 1952.
  • Cicognani, Most Reverend Amleto Giovanni; Titular Archbishop of Laodicea di Frigia; Apostolic Delegate to the United States 1933–1958.
  • Clarke, William, Correspondent for the London Observer.
  • Claxton, Brooke, Canadian Minister of National Defense until July 1, 1954.
  • Clermont-Tonnerre, Thiery de, Secretary General of the French Interministerial Committee for questions relating to European economic cooperation, after 1951.
  • Cleveland, Harlan, Assistant Director for Europe in the Mutual Security Agency.
  • Cleveland, Robert G., Office of European Regional Affairs, Department of State, October 1952–January 1954; thereafter Consul at Sidney, Australia.
  • Cleveland, Stanley M., Consul in the Embassy in France after February 21, 1952.
  • Coe, Robert D., Officer in Charge of United Kingdom and Ireland Affairs, Office of British Commonwealth and Northern European Affairs, Department of State, until June 1952; Ambassador in Denmark, September 25, 1953–June 1, 1957.
  • Cole, W. Sterling, Republican Representative from New York until January 1953; Chairman of the House of Representatives Joint Committee on Atomic Energy.
  • Collins, James Lawton, Major General, U.S. Army; Chief of Staff, U.S. Army, August 16, 1949–August 14, 1953; thereafter Representative on the North Atlantic Treaty Organization Military Committee and on the North Atlantic Treaty Organization Standing Group.
  • Collins, V. Lansing, Jr., Officer in Charge of Italian and Austrian Affairs, Office of Western European Affairs, Department of State, after September 6, 1950; detailed to the National War College August 15, 1953; First Secretary and Consul at the Embassy in Italy after June 20, 1954.
  • Conant, James B., President of Harvard University; High Commissioner for Germany after February 7, 1953.
  • Connally, Tom, Democratic Senator from Texas and Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee until January 1953.
  • Connor, Vois H., Colonel, U.S. Army; Chief of the Administrative and Liaison Division of the Office of the Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs 1951–1952.
  • Coppé, Albert, Vice President of the High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community after July 1952.
  • Corbett, Jack C., Director of the Office of Financial and Development Policy, Bureau of Economic Affairs, Department of State, after March 27, 1952.
  • Cosgrave, Liam, Irish Minister of External Affairs after June 2, 1954.
  • Costello, John A., Irish Prime Minister, 1948–1951; Prime Minister and Head of the Government of Eire after June 2, 1954.
  • Coty, René President of France after December 23, 1953.
  • Cowen, Myron M., Ambassador in Belgium, June 11, 1952–June 8, 1953.
  • Crawford, William A., First Secretary of the Embassy in France, February 21, 1952–August 4, 1954.
  • Cunha, Paulo Arsenio Virissimo, Portuguese Minister of Foreign Affairs after August 2, 1950.
  • Cutler, Robert, Administrative Assistant to President Eisenhower from January 20, 1953; Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, March 23, 1953–April 1, 1955.
  • Daum, Léon, Member of the High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community, April 1952–June 1953.
  • Davis, Vice Admiral Arthur C., U.S. Navy; Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs after August 1954.
  • Debre, Michel, French Representative to the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe; French Representative to the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community.
  • De Gasperi, Alcide, Italian Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, July 1951–August 1953; Secretary of the Italian Christian Democratic Party September 1953–July 1954.
  • De Gaulle, Charles, President of the Rassemblement du Peuple Français, 1947–1954.
  • Dehousse, Fernand, Belgian Representative to the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe; Belgian Representative to the European Coal and Steel Community.
  • De Menthon, François, Acting President of the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe.
  • De Paul, N. Carter, Mutual Security member of the Mutual Assistance Advisory Committee Working Group on Spain after December 1951; Chief of the Mediterranean Branch of the European Program Division in the Office of the Assistant Director for Europe of the Mutual Security Agency, 1952; on temporary duty with the Mutual Security Agency Working Group in Spain (Economic Group in Spain) after April 1952.
  • De Staercke, André, Belgian Deputy Representative on the North Atlantic Council after 1951.
  • DeValera, Eamon, Irish Prime Minister, Head of the Government of the Irish Republic until June 2, 1954.
  • Dillon, C. Douglas, Ambassador in France, March 13, 1953–January 28, 1957.
  • Dixon, Sir Pierson John, British Deputy Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs after June 5, 1950, and British Representative on the Brussels Treaty Permanent Commission.
  • Dodge, Joseph M., Director of the Bureau of the Budget, January 21, 1953–April 15, 1954.
  • Donnelly, Walter J., Ambassador in Austria, November 28, 1951–July 19, 1952; High Commissioner for Germany until January 1952.
  • Dorr, Russell H., Economic Commissioner in the Office of the Special Representative in Europe at Paris after June 6, 1952.
  • Douglas, Lewis W., Ambassador in the United Kingdom, until November 16, 1950.
  • Draper, William H., Jr., Special Representative in Europe after January 18, 1952; Representative on the North Atlantic Council, April 1952–June 1953.
  • Drees, Willem, Netherlands Prime Minister and Minister of General Affairs, August 6, 1948–December 22, 1958.
  • Dulles, Allen, Deputy Director of Central Intelligence after August 1951; Director of Central Intelligence after January 1953.
  • Dulles, John Foster, Consultant to Secretary of State, April 1950–April 1952; after January 21, 1953, Secretary of State.
  • Dunham, William B., Office of Western European Affairs, Department of State, October 1951–December 1954; Chairman of the Mutual Assistance Advisory Committee Working Group on Spain after December 1951.
  • Dunn, James Clement, Ambassador in Italy, February 6, 1947–March 27, 1952; Ambassador in France until March 2, 1953; Ambassador in Spain, April 9, 1953– February 1955.
  • Durbrow, Elbridge, Chief, Division of Foreign Service Personnel, Department of State from July 17, 1950; Counselor of Embassy in Italy after July 14, 1952.
  • Eden, Anthony, British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, October 27, 1951– April 5, 1955.
  • Einaudi, Luigi, President of the Italian Republic, May 1948–April 1955.
  • Eisenberg, Robert, Economist in the Embassy in France from December 1, 1952; Economic Officer in the Office of the Special Representative to the European Coal and Steel Community after February 19, 1953.
  • Eisenhower, General of the Army Dwight D., Supreme Allied Commander in Europe, April 2, 1951–May 30, 1952; President of the United States after January 20, 1953.
  • Elbrick, Charles Burke, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs after December 16, 1953.
  • Elliot, Sir William, Marshal of the Royal Air Force; Chairman, British Joint Services Mission in the United States; British Representative on the North Atlantic Treaty Organization Standing Group after April 1951.
  • Ely, Paul, General, French Army; French Member of the Military Committee of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization after August 1953; French High Commissioner and Commander-in-Chief of French Forces in Indochina after June 3, 1954.
  • Erlander, Tage, Prime Minister of Sweden from October 10, 1947.
  • Etzel, Franz, Vice President of the High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community.
  • Fanfani, Amintore, Italian Minister of Agriculture until June 1953; Minister of the Interior, July 1953–January 1954; Prime Minister of Italy, January–February 1954; Christian Democratic Member of Parliament, leader of Iniziativa Democratica (Democratic Initiative) and Political Secretary of the Christian Democratic Party after July 1954.
  • Faure, Edgar, French Prime Minister and Minister of Finance, January 22–March 11, 1952; President of the Foreign Affairs Committee in the French National Assembly, 1952–1953; Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs, June 1953–February 1955.
  • Fechteler, William M., Admiral, U.S. Navy; Chief of Naval Operations, August 16, 1951–August 17, 1953; thereafter Commander in Chief, Allied Forces, Southern Europe.
  • Fens, J.J., Netherlands Representative to the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe.
  • Ferguson, John H., Deputy Director of the Policy Planning Staff, April 1, 1951–August 12, 1953.
  • Fidel, Edward A., Officer in Charge of Economic Affairs in the Office of British Commonwealth and Northern European Affairs, Department of State, after August 26, 1952.
  • Finletter, Thomas K., Secretary of the Air Force until February 1953.
  • Fisher, Adrian S., Legal Adviser of the Department of State, June 28, 1949–January 27, 1953.
  • Fisher, William D., Counselor of Embassy in France, February 21–December 21, 1952; thereafter Office of Western European Affairs, Department of State.
  • Fitzgerald, Dennis A., Assistant Administrator for Supply in the Economic Cooperation Administration after June 30, 1951; Assistant Administrator for Supply in the Mutual Security Agency; from May 19, 1952, Associate Deputy Director of the Mutual Security Agency; Associate Deputy Director of the Foreign Operations Administration; after October 12, 1953, Deputy Director for Operations in the Foreign Operations Administration.
  • Fleischmann, Manly, Administrator of the Defense Production Administration, 1952.
  • Flemming, Arthur S., Director of the Office of Defense Mobilization, 1953–1954.
  • Foster, Andrew B., Deputy Director of the Office of British Commonwealth and Northern European Affairs, Department of State after January 4, 1952; Counselor of Embassy in the United Kingdom after September 1954.
  • Foster, William C., Administrator of the Economic Cooperation Administration from September 1951; Deputy Secretary of Defense until January 1953.
  • Franco y Bahamonde, Francisco, Head of the Spanish State, Premier of Spain from 1936.
  • Frank, Isaiah, Office of Economic Defense and Trade Policy, Bureau of Economic Affairs, Department of State from September 15, 1952.
  • Franks, Sir Oliver S., British Ambassador in the United States, June 3, 1948–February 13, 1953.
  • Freund, Richard B., Attaché in the United Kingdom from December 24, 1949; Attaché in France after April 16, 1952; Officer in Charge of Italian and Austrian Affairs, Office of Western European Affairs, Department of State, after November 29, 1953.
  • Fuller, Leon W., Deputy Director of the Office of German Political Affairs, Department of State after June 16, 1952; Member of the Policy Planning Staff from September 26, 1954.
  • Gerstenmaier, Eugen, German Representative to the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe; German Representative to the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community; after 1954, President of the Bundestag.
  • Giacchero, Enzo, Member of the High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community.
  • Gibson, William M., First Secretary of the Embassy in France after December 6, 1952.
  • Gifford, Walter S., Ambassador in the United Kingdom, December 21, 1950–January 23, 1953.
  • Gleason, S. Everett, Deputy Executive Secretary of the National Security Council from January 1950.
  • Glendinning, C. Dillon, Secretary of the National Advisory Council from 1948; Deputy Director of the Office of International Finance, Department of the Treasury, 1950; thereafter Advisor to the Secretary of the Treasury.
  • Godley, George McMurtrie, II, Office of Western European Affairs, Department of State; after March 1, 1952, Consul and First Secretary at the Embassy in Paris.
  • Gordon, Lincoln, Assistant to the Deputy Administrator of the Economic Cooperation Administration, January 8–December 31, 1951; Chairman of the Mutual Assistance Advisory Committee, November 1, 1951–September 28, 1952; Assistant to the Deputy Administrator of the Mutual Security Agency, January 1–April 27, 1952; Assistant Director for Plans and Policy in the Office of the Director for Mutual Security until September 28, 1952; thereafter Chief of the Mutual Security Agency Mission in the United Kingdom.
  • Grandval, Gilbert, French Ambassador in the Saar, 1952–1955.
  • Griffis, Stanton, Ambassador in Spain, March 1, 1951–January 28, 1952.
  • Gruenther, Alfred M., General, U.S. Army; Chief of Staff to the Supreme Allied Commander, Europe until July 11, 1953; Supreme Allied Commander, Europe until November 20, 1956.
  • Gudmundsson, Kristinn, Icelandic Minister of Foreign Affairs, September 13, 1953–July 24, 1956.
  • Guggenheim, M. Robert, Ambassador in Portugal, August 12, 1953–September 19, 1954.
  • Hagerty, James C., Press Secretary to President Eisenhower after January 1953.
  • Halaby, Najeeb E., Jr., Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs 1952–1954.
  • Hall-Patch, Sir Edmund, Permanent British Representative to the Organization for European Economic Cooperation, April 1948–September 1952; thereafter British Executive Director of the International Monetary Fund and of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
  • Hallstein, Walter, Secretary of State of Foreign Affairs in the Federal Republic of Germany after March 1951.
  • Hamilton, William L., Jr., Office of British Commonwealth and Northern European Affairs, Department of State after January 1950.
  • Hammarskjöld, Dag H.A.C., Swedish Minister without Portfolio, 1951–1953; Secretary-General of the United Nations after April 10, 1953.
  • Hanes, John W., Jr., Special Assistant to Secretary of State Dulles after January 21, 1953.
  • Hannah, John A., Chairman of the Permanent Joint Board on Defense after January 1954.
  • Harley, Charles, Treasury Representative in the United Kingdom.
  • Harriman, W. Averell, Director for Mutual Security, November 1, 1951–January 1953; also, Chairman of the Temporary Council Committee, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, September 1951–January 1952.
  • Hayter, William G., British Minister in France until October 1953; thereafter Ambassador in the Soviet Union.
  • Hebbard, William L., Assistant Director, Office of International Finance, Department of the Treasury.
  • Henry, Guy V., Major General, U.S. Army (Ret.); Member of the Permanent Joint Board on Defense; Chairman of the Permanent Joint Board on Defense, February 1952–January 1954.
  • Hensel, H. Struve, General Counsel, Department of Defense, 1952–1954; Counsel and Special Adviser to the Secretary of Defense, 1953; Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, 1954–1955.
  • Herz, Martin F., Consul and Second Secretary in the Embassy in France, June 20, 1951–February 15, 1955.
  • Hickerson, John D., Assistant Secretary of State for United Nations Affairs, August 8, 1949–July 27, 1953.
  • Hillenbrand, Martin J., Officer in Charge of Government and Administration, Office of German Political Affairs, Department of State, after June 15, 1950; Economic Officer at the Embassy in France after September 18, 1952.
  • Holmes, Julius C., Minister in the United Kingdom, September 1948–December 1953.
  • Hood, Viscount Samuel, Head of the Western Organization Department of the British Foreign Office after October 1, 1951.
  • Hoover, Herbert, Jr., Under Secretary of State after October 4, 1954.
  • Hopkinson, Daniel K., Assistant Director for Europe in the Mutual Security Agency, 1952–1953; Regional Director for Europe in the Foreign Operations Administration.
  • Horowitz, Daniel L., Labor Adviser in the Office of European Regional Affairs, Department of State after October 3, 1949.
  • Horsey, Outerbridge, Counselor of Embassy in Italy after May 23, 1950; Officer in Charge of Commonwealth Affairs, Office of British Commonwealth and Northern European Affairs, Department of State, from December 1, 1952; Deputy Director of the Office of British Commonwealth and Northern European Affairs after September 26, 1954.
  • Hughes, John C., Permanent Representative on the North Atlantic Council at Paris after June 12, 1953.
  • Hughes, Rowland R., Director of the Bureau of the Budget, April 16, 1954–April 1, 1956.
  • Hull, John E., General, U.S. Army; Vice Chief of Staff for Operations and Administration, 1952–1953; thereafter Commander in Chief, United Nations Forces in the Far East.
  • Humphrey, George M., Secretary of the Treasury after January 21, 1953.
  • Hunter, Clarence E., Chief of the Economic Cooperation Administration Mission in the Netherlands after June 10, 1949; Chief of the Mutual Secretary Agency Mission in the Netherlands, January 1952–August 1953.
  • Huston, Cloyce K., Counselor of the Embassy in Ireland, May 14, 1951–January 20, 1954.
  • Ignatieff, George, Counselor of the Canadian Embassy in the United States, 1949–1954.
  • Ismay, Hastings L. (Baron of Wormington), Lord Ismay (Pug), British Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations until March 12, 1952; thereafter Secretary General and Vice Chairman of the North Atlantic Council.
  • Jackson, C.D., Special Assistant to President Eisenhower, February 16, 1953–March 31, 1954; thereafter Delegate to the Ninth Regular Session of the U.N. General Assembly.
  • Jernegan, John D., Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian and African Affairs after June 26, 1952.
  • Kalijarvi, Thorsten V., Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs from September 1, 1953.
  • Kaplan, Jacob, European Regional Staff, Office of the Assistant Director for Europe, Mutual Security Agency; Office of European Operations, Foreign Operations Administration after July 1953.
  • Kennan, George F., Ambassador in the Soviet Union, May 14, 1952–September 19, 1952.
  • Kenney, W. John, Deputy Director for Mutual Security, February–November 1952.
  • Kidd, Coburn B., Deputy Director of the Office of German Political Affairs, Department of State, from June 10, 1952; Officer in Charge of German Affairs, Office of German Affairs after September 26, 1954.
  • Kirkpatrick, Sir Ivone A., British High Commissioner for Germany from June, 1950; British Permanent Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs after November 1953.
  • Kissner, August W., Major General, U.S. Air Force; Chief of the Joint Military Group in Spain after April 1952; Chief of the Military Assistance Advisory Group in Spain after September 1953.
  • Kitchen, Jeffrey C., Acting Chief of the Policy Reports Staff of the Executive Secretariat, May 26–November 9, 1952; Special Assistant to the Secretary of State, November 9, 1952–January 23, 1953; thereafter Deputy Director of the Executive Secretariat, Department of State, until October 1954.
  • Knight, Ridgway B., Acting Deputy Director of the Office of European Regional Affairs, February 16, 1951–July 6, 1952; from July 1951, Advisor on North Atlantic Treaty Organization Affairs; Deputy Director of the Office of European Regional Affairs until August 11, 1953; Acting Director of the Office of Western European Affairs until January 15, 1954; thereafter Deputy Assistant High Commissioner for Germany.
  • Knight, William E., II, Italian Desk Officer, Office of Western European Affairs, Department of State after December 17, 1951.
  • Koenig, Marie-Pierre, General, French Army; Deputy in the French National Assembly after 1951; French Minister of National Defense, June 19–September 5, 1954.
  • Kranich, Robert H., Office of European Regional Affairs, Department of State after July 12, 1950; Officer in Charge of North Atlantic Treaty Economic and Military Assistance, Office of European Regional Affairs after August 15, 1954.
  • Kyes, Roger M., Deputy Secretary of Defense, February 2, 1953–May 1, 1954.
  • Labouisse, Henry R., Jr., Chief of the Economic Cooperation Administration Mission in France from August 19, 1951; after January 1, 1952, Chief of the Mutual Security Agency Mission in France; Director of the Foreign Operations Administration Mission in France after July 1, 1953.
  • Lange, Halvard, Norwegian Minister of Foreign Affairs after February 1, 1946.
  • Laniel, Joseph, Prime Minister of France, June 28, 1953–June 19, 1954.
  • Laurens, Camille, Deputy in the French National Assembly after 1946; French Minister of Agriculture, August 11, 1951–June 27, 1953.
  • Lauro, Achille, President of the Italian National Monarchist Party.
  • Lawson, Edward B., Minister in Iceland, September 22, 1949–May 29, 1954.
  • Lawson, George W., Director of the Budget Division, Mutual Security Agency until August 1953.
  • Lay, James S., Jr., Executive Secretary of the National Security Council from January 1950.
  • Le Pan, Douglas V., Minister-Counselor of the Canadian Embassy in the United States until 1955.
  • Leddy, John M., Director of the Office of Economic Defense and Trade Policy, November 21, 1951–April 14, 1953; thereafter Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs.
  • Lee, Sir Frank, Permanent Secretary of the British Board of Trade.
  • Lemass, Sean F., Deputy Prime Minister of Ireland and Minister of Industry and Commerce, June 1951–June 1954.
  • Lequerica, Jose Felix de, Spanish Ambassador in the United States after January 17, 1951.
  • Letourneau, Jean, French Minister of State in Charge of Relations with Indochina until July 1953; French High Commissioner in Indochina, April 1952–July 1953.
  • Levy-Hawes, Maurice G., Lieutenant, U.S. Army; Economist with the Department of Defense until October 1952; thereafter Foreign Affairs Officer in the Office of European Regional Affairs, Department of State.
  • Linder, Harold F., Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs, February 15, 1951–December 12, 1952; Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs until May 1953.
  • Lloyd, David D., Administrative Assistant to President Truman, 1952.
  • Lloyd, John Selwyn (Brooke), British Minister of State from October 1951; British Minister of Trade after October 1954.
  • Lodge, Henry Cabot, Jr., Ambassador to the United Nations from January 26, 1953.
  • Lovett, Robert A., Secretary of Defense, September 1951–January 1953.
  • Luce, Clare Boothe, Ambassador in Italy, May 4, 1953–December 27, 1956.
  • Luns, Joseph M.A.H., Netherlands Minister of Foreign Affairs (position jointly held with Johan Beyen), September 1, 1952–October 1, 1955; thereafter sole Minister of Foreign Affairs.
  • Lyons, Daniel M., Office of Western European Affairs, Department of State after April 3, 1950.
  • MacArthur, Douglas, II, Counselor of Embassy in France and Advisor on International Affairs to the Supreme Allied Commander, Europe, February 1951–October 1952; Counselor of the Department of State, March 1953–December 19, 1956.
  • Macmillan, Sir Harold, British Minister of Housing and Local Government until October 1953; thereafter British Minister of Defense.
  • MaVeagh, Lincoln, Ambassador in Portugal until February 26, 1952; Ambassador in Spain, March 27, 1952–March 4, 1953.
  • Makins, Sir Roger M., British Deputy Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, April 22, 1948–December 30, 1952; British Ambassador in the United States after January 7, 1953.
  • Malagodi, Giovanni, Secretary of the Italian Liberal Party after 1954.
  • Mansholt, S.L., Netherlands Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food after 1948.
  • Margolies, Daniel F., Deputy Director of the Office of German Economic Affairs, Department of State, after January 21, 1951; Director of the Office of German Economic Affairs from July 8, 1951; Officer in Charge of Economic Affairs in the Office of German Affairs after November 2, 1953.
  • Marjolin, Robert Ernest, Secretary General of the Organization for European Economic Cooperation.
  • Marjoribanks, James A.M., Deputy Head of the British Delegation to the High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community after August 31, 1952.
  • Martin, Edwin M., Director of the Office of European Regional Affairs, Department of State, from October 3, 1949; Special Assistant to the Secretary of State for Mutual Security Affairs, from September 28, 1952; Deputy Representative on the North Atlantic Council after June 25, 1953.
  • Martin, William McC., Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve Board, and Member of the National Advisory Council.
  • Martín Artajo, Alberto, Foreign Minister of Spain, July 1945–February 1957.
  • Martino, Gaetano, Italian Minister of Education, February–September 1954; Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs, September 18, 1954–May 20, 1957.
  • Matthews, Francis P., Ambassador in Ireland, October 22, 1951–September 7, 1952.
  • Matthews, H. Freeman, Deputy Under Secretary of State, July 5, 1950–September 31, 1953; thereafter Ambassador in the Netherlands.
  • Mayer, René, French Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs, August 11, 1951–January 20, 1952; Prime Minister of France, January 8–June 28, 1953.
  • McBride, Robert H., Officer in Charge of French-Iberian Affairs, Office of Western European Affairs, Department of State, after February 21, 1952; First Secretary in the Embassy in France after September 25, 1954.
  • McCaffery, Richard S., Jr., Member of the Mutual Security Agency Economic Group in Spain, May 1952–September 1953; Economic Commissioner at Madrid until November 1954.
  • McCarran, Patrick A., Senator from Nevada, 1933–1954; Member of the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Mutual Security.
  • McFall, Jack K., Assistant Secretary of State for Congressional Relations, October 15, 1949–September 9, 1952; Minister in Finland, November 15, 1952–May 1, 1953; thereafter Ambassador in Finland.
  • McKay, R.A., Canadian Assistant Under Secretary of State for External Affairs, 1952–1954; Deputy Under Secretary of State for External Affairs, 1954; Member of the Permanent Joint Board on Defense, 1954–1955.
  • McMahon, Brien, Senator from Connecticut and Chairman of the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy.
  • McNaughton, Andrew G.L., General, Canadian Army; Chairman of the Canadian Section of the Permanent Joint Board on Defense, 1945–1959.
  • McWilliams, William J., Director of the Executive Secretariat, Department of State, January 18, 1950–August 19, 1953.
  • Meloy, Francis E., Jr., Assistant to the Director of the Executive Secretariat, Department of State, from May 23, 1950; Second Secretary at the Embassy in France after July 24, 1953.
  • Mendès-France, Pierre, Prime Minister of France, June 19, 1954–February 23, 1955.
  • Menzies, Robert G., Prime Minister of Australia after December 19, 1949.
  • Merchant, Livingston T., Special Assistant to the Secretary of State for Mutual Security Affairs until March 1952; Deputy to the Special Representative in Europe at Paris, March 24, 1952–March 11, 1953; Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs until May 7, 1956.
  • Mesta, Pearl, Minister in Luxembourg, September 21, 1949–April 13, 1953.
  • Millar, John Y., Office of Western European Affairs, Department of State, February 1952–February 1954.
  • Minotto, James, Chief of the Special Mission for Economic Cooperation in Portugal from April 23, 1951; after January 1952, Chief of the Mutal Security Mission in Portugal; after July 1953, Chief of the Foreign Operations Mission in Portugal.
  • Mitterrand, François, Deputy in the French National Assembly after 1946; French Minister of State, January–March 1952; French Minister of the Interior, June 19, 1954–February 22, 1955.
  • Moe, Finn, Norwegian Representative to the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe.
  • Mollet, Guy, Deputy in the French National Assembly from 1946; President of the General Affairs Committee of the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe after 1954.
  • Molotov, Vyacheslav Mikhailovich, Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs after March 1953; Member of the Politburo from 1926, and Member of the Presidium after October 1952.
  • Monnet, Jean, Chairman of the Schuman Plan Conference; President of the High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community after July 24, 1952.
  • Moore, Ben T., First Secretary in the Embassy in the United Kingdom from June 5, 1950; Director of the Office of European Regional Affairs, Department of State, after September 29, 1952.
  • Moreland, Allen B., Office of the Assistant Secretary of State for Congressional Relations until April 1953; thereafter Office of the Special Assistant for Mutual Security Affairs.
  • Morton, Thruston B., Assistant Secretary of State for Congressional Relations after January 30, 1953.
  • Mosadeq, Mohammad, leader of the Iranian National Front; Prime Minister of Iran until July 5, 1952 and July 11–16, 1952; Prime Minister and Minister of Defense, July 22, 1952–August 15, 1953.
  • Mossadegh. See Mosadeq.
  • Mulcahy, R., General, Head of the Irish Fine Gael Party since 1951; Irish Minister of Education after June 2, 1954.
  • Murphy, Charles S., Special Counsel to President Truman, 1952.
  • Murphy, Robert D., Ambassador in Belgium, November 29, 1949–March 19, 1952; Ambassador in Japan, May 9, 1952–April 28, 1953; Appointed Assistant Secretary of State for United Nations Affairs, March 20, 1953; Political Adviser to the United Nations Command on the Korean Armistice Negotiations, April 28–July 11, 1953; Chief of Mission, United Nations, May 31–November 30, 1953; Acting Deputy Under Secretary of State in addition to duties as Assistant Secretary of State for United Nations Affairs, November 30–December 18, 1953; Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs after December 18, 1953.
  • Mutter, André, French Representative in the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe; French Member of the Ad Hoc Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community.
  • Nash, Frank C., Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, August 28, 1951–February 10, 1953; Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Affairs until February 28, 1954.
  • Nehru, Jawaharlal Pandit, Indian Prime Minister and Minister for External Affairs and Commonwealth Relations from August 1947.
  • Nenni, Pietro, Secretary General of the Italian Socialist Party.
  • Newman, George S., Office of the Special Assistant to the Secretary of State for Mutual Security Affairs.
  • Nitze, Paul H., Director of the Policy Planning Staff, January 1, 1950–April 1953.
  • Nixon, Richard M., Senator from California until January 1953; thereafter Vice President of the United States.
  • Nolting, Frederick E., Special Assistant to the Deputy Under Secretary of State from October 14, 1951; Acting Special Assistant to the Secretary of State for Mutual Security Affairs after August 4, 1953; Special Assistant to the Secretary of State for Mutual Security Affairs after January 4, 1954.
  • Norton, William, Head of the Irish Labor Party from 1932; Deputy Prime Minister of Ireland and Minister of Industry and Commerce after June 2, 1954.
  • O’Connor, Roderic L., Assistant to the Secretary of State, January 21, 1953–February 21, 1954; thereafter Special Assistant to the Secretary of State.
  • Oen, Bjarne A., Lieutenant General, Norwegian Air Force; Norwegian Military Representative at Supreme Headquarters, Allied Powers, Europe, 1952–1954; Commandant of the National Defense College and Chief of the Norwegian Air Staff until 1957.
  • Ohly, John H., Assistant Director for Policy and Program Development in the Office of the Director for Mutual Security after October 14, 1951; Assistant Director for Programs in the Office of the Director for Mutual Security after April 17, 1952; Deputy to the Director for Program Coordination in the Mutual Security Agency after March 23, 1953; Deputy Director for Programs and Planning in the Foreign Operations Administration after October 1, 1953.
  • Oulashin, Eric E., Deputy Executive Secretary of the Office of the Special Representative in Europe at Paris.
  • Pace, Frank, Jr., Secretary of the Army, October 12, 1950–January 21, 1953.
  • Palmer, Joseph II, First Secretary at the Embassy in the United Kingdom after May 23, 1950; Deputy Director of the Office of European Regional Affairs, Department of State after October 15, 1953.
  • Paris, Jacques-Camille, Secretary General of the Council of Europe.
  • Parsons, James Graham, Deputy Director of the Office of European Regional Affairs, Department of State, July 16, 1951–May 16, 1952; Acting Director of the Office of European Regional Affairs, May 19, 1952–July 18, 1953.
  • Patterson, Richard C., Ambassador in Switzerland, June 27, 1951–April 14, 1953.
  • Pearson, Lester B. (Mike), Canadian Secretary of State for External Affairs, 1948–1957.
  • Pella, Giuseppe, Italian Minister of the Budget until February 1952; Minister of the Budget and Treasury, February 1952–July 1953; Minister of the Treasury, July–August 1953; Italian Prime Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Minister of the Budget, August 1953–January 1954.
  • Penfield, James K., Counselor of the Embassy in the United Kingdom, July 1950–August 1954; thereafter Deputy Chief of Mission in Austria.
  • Perkins, George W., Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs until January 29, 1953.
  • Peterson, Avery F., Officer in Charge of Commonwealth Affairs, Office of British Commonwealth and Northern European Affairs, Department of State, February 1952–July 1953.
  • Pflimlin, Pierre, French Minister of Commerce and External Economic Relations, August 11, 1951–January 20, 1952; thereafter Minister of State of the Council of Europe.
  • Phillips, Joseph B., Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs from March 6, 1952; Acting Director of the Office of Public Affairs from October 23, 1952; Director of the Office of Public Affairs at Bonn after June 30, 1954.
  • Phleger, Herman, Legal Adviser of the Department of State after February 2, 1953.
  • Pinay, Antoine, Prime Minister of France and Minister of Finance, March 8, 1952–January 8, 1953.
  • Pius XII, His Holiness (Eugenio Pacelli), the Supreme Pontiff, Vatican City from March 1939.
  • Platt, Edward G., Jr., Office of the Executive Secretariat, Department of State from June 29, 1951; Staff Assistant to the Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs after January 1, 1954.
  • Pleven, René, Prime Minister of France, July 1950–March 1951; Deputy Prime Minister of France, March–August 1951; Prime Minister, August 1951–January 1952; French Minister of National Defense, March 1952–June 1954.
  • Porter, Paul R., Deputy Special Representative for Economic Affairs in Europe after January 15, 1952.
  • Queuille, Henri, Deputy in the French National Assembly after 1946; Minister of State, August 11, 1951–January 19, 1952; President of the Council of the Republic, January 20, 1952–June 18, 1954.
  • Rabenold, Ellwood M., Jr., Office of Western European Affairs, Department of State, September 30, 1952–July 15, 1956.
  • Radford, Arthur W., Admiral, U.S. Navy; Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff after August 15, 1953.
  • Rand, William M., Deputy Director of the Mutual Security Agency until July 1953; thereafter Deputy Director of the Foreign Operations Administration.
  • Randall, Clarence B., Member of the Business Advisory Council, Department of Commerce, 1951–1957; Chairman of the Commission on Foreign Economic Policy, 1953–1954.
  • Raynor, G. Hayden, Director of the Office of British Commonwealth and Northern European Affairs, Department of State after March 4, 1951.
  • Reams, R. Borden, Counselor of the Legation in Switzerland after March 5, 1951.
  • Reinhardt, G. Frederick, Counselor of the Embassy in France, North Atlantic Treaty Organization Defense College, from October 3, 1951; Counselor of the Embassy in France, November 10, 1952–April 19, 1955.
  • Reynaud, Paul, French Member of the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community; Deputy in the French National Assembly after 1946 and President of the National Assembly’s Commission on Finances.
  • Riddleberger, James W., Political Adviser to the Economic Cooperation Administration from September 4, 1950; Director of the Bureau of German Affairs, Department of State, after May 14, 1952; Ambassador in Yugoslavia after July 31, 1953.
  • Ridgway, Matthew B., General, U.S. Army, Supreme Allied Commander in Europe, June 1952–May 1953; thereafter Chief of Staff, U.S. Army, August 1953–June 1955.
  • Riley, Roderick H., Officer in Charge of Trade and Resources, Office of German Economic Affairs, Department of State, from 1951.
  • Robertson, Walter S., Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs after March 27, 1953.
  • Rogers, Charles E., Office of European Regional Affairs, 1952–1954.
  • Roijen, Jean Herman Van, Netherlands Ambassador in the United States after September 19, 1950.
  • Ronhovde, Andreas G., Officer in Charge of Northern European Affairs, Office of British Commonwealth and Northern European Affairs, Department of State, until May 23, 1954.
  • Rountree, William M., Director of the Office of Greek, Turkish, and Iranian Affairs, Department of State, from August 1950; after June 1952, Deputy Chief of Mission in Turkey and after August 1952, Counselor of Embassy in Turkey; Counselor of Embassy in Iran after October 1, 1953.
  • Rowan, Sir Leslie, Second Secretary in the British Treasury after September 1951.
  • St. Laurent, Louis S., Prime Minister of Canada from 1948.
  • Salazar, Antonio de Oliveira, Prime Minister of Portugal from 1932.
  • Salisbury, Lord (Robert A.J.G. Cecil), British Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations, March–December 1952; Acting Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, June–October 1953.
  • Sandys, Duncan, British Minister of Supply, October 1951–October 1954.
  • Santos Costa, Fernando dos, Lieutenant Colonel, Portuguese Minister of National Defense from 1951.
  • Saragat, Giuseppe, Secretary of the Italian Social Democratic Party, 1949–1958; Italian Deputy Prime Minister and Minister without Portfolio, February 1954–May 1957.
  • Savage, Carlton, Member of the Policy Planning Staff, Department of State, after January 1948.
  • Scelba, Mario, Italian Minister of the Interior until July 1953; Italian Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior, February 1954–May 1955.
  • Schaetzel, J. Robert, Special Assistant to the Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs, October 15, 1950–August 15, 1954.
  • Schelling, Thomas C., Officer in Charge of European Program Affairs, Office of the Deputy to the Director for Program and Coordination, Mutual Security Agency.
  • Schuman, Robert, French Minister of Foreign Affairs until January 1953; thereafter Deputy in the French National Assembly.
  • Schumann, Maurice, French Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, August 1951–June 1954; Deputy in the French National Assembly since 1946 and Chairman of the National Assembly’s Foreign Affairs Committee.
  • Scott, Joseph W., Officer in Charge of Swiss and Benelux Affairs, Office of Western European Affairs, Department of State, from August 6, 1950; Attaché at the Embassy in France after May 7, 1952.
  • Scott, Walter K., Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Administration, September 11, 1950–March 21, 1954; thereafter Director of the Executive Secretariat.
  • Semler, Johannes, German Representative to the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe and German Member of the Ad Hoc Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community.
  • Seydoux de Claussonne, François Fornier, Director of the Office of European Affairs, French Ministry of Foreign Affairs after September 1949.
  • Seydoux de Claussonne, Roger, Counselor of the French Embassy in the United States after February 1952; Minister of the French Embassy in the United States, December 1952–September 1954.
  • Sheppard, William J., Executive Assistant to the Director for Mutual Security after November 1951.
  • Shuckburgh, Charles A.E., Private Secretary to British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Eden, until May 1954; thereafter Assistant Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.
  • Simmons, John F., Chief of Protocol, Department of State, after August 1950.
  • Slim, Field Marshal Sir William, Chief of the Imperial General Staff, 1952; Governor-General in Australia after May 8, 1953.
  • Smith, Walter Bedell, Director of Central Intelligence until February 8, 1953; Under Secretary of State until October 1, 1954.
  • Snow, William P., Counselor of the Embassy in Norway until September 8, 1953.
  • Snyder, John W., Secretary of the Treasury, June 1946–January 1953; Chairman of the National Advisory Council.
  • Southard, Frank A., Jr., Special Assistant to the Secretary of the Treasury.
  • Soutou, Jean, Secretary of Foreign Affairs; Director of the Cabinet of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, June 1954–February 1955.
  • Spaak, Paul-Henri, President of the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community from July 1952; Belgian Minister of Foreign Affairs after April 1954.
  • Spierenburg, Dirk Peter, President of the Council of the Organization for European Economic Cooperation 1950–1951; after July 1952, Member of the High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community.
  • Spinelli, Altiero, Secretary-General of the European Union of Federalists.
  • Spofford, Charles M., Deputy Representative on the North Atlantic Council at London until January 1952.
  • Spry, James W., Major General, U.S. Air Force; Chief of the Joint Military Survey Team in Spain, August 22–November 1, 1951.
  • Stabler, Wells, Officer in Charge of Egypt and Anglo-Egyptian-Sudan Affairs, Office of Near Eastern Affairs, Department of State, 1951–1952; Acting Deputy Director of the Office of Near Eastern Affairs from October 1952; Second Secretary of the Embassy in Italy after January 1953.
  • Stassen, Harold E., Director for Mutual Security after January 20, 1953; Director of Foreign Operations Administration after August 1, 1953.
  • Steel, Sir Christopher E., British Minister in the United States until August 18, 1953; thereafter British Permanent Representative on the North Atlantic Council.
  • Steensen-Leth, Vincens de, Danish Permanent Representative on the North Atlantic Council in Paris, April 16, 1952–January 1, 1954; thereafter Danish Ambassador in the United Kingdom.
  • Stewart, George C., Major General, U.S. Army; Deputy Administrator, General Staff, Department of the Army until 1953; thereafter Director of Military Assistance, Department of International Security Affairs.
  • Stikker, Dirk U., Netherlands Minister of Foreign Affairs (August, 1948–September 1952) and Chairman of the Council of the Organization for European Economic Cooperation.
  • Stinebower, Leroy D., Director of the Office of Financial and Development Policy, Bureau of Economic Affairs, Department of State, after April 16, 1950.
  • Strauss, Lewis L., Admiral, U.S. Navy; Special Assistant to President Eisenhower on Atomic Energy Matters from March 9, 1953; Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission after July 2, 1953.
  • Steibert, Theodore C., Director of the United States Information Agency after August 1, 1953.
  • Strong, Leicester Corrin, Ambassador in Norway, August 10, 1953–February 16, 1957.
  • Struye, Paul, Belgian Representative to the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe; Belgian Delegate to the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community.
  • Stuart, R. Douglas, Ambassador in Canada after July 15, 1953.
  • Sufrin, Sidney C., Professor of Economics, Syracuse University; Chief of the Temporary Economic Cooperation Administration Study Group in Spain, August–December 1951.
  • Tabouis, Geneviève, Foreign Affairs Editor of the French journal, L’ Information.
  • Taft, William Howard III, Ambassador in Ireland after May 13, 1953.
  • Tannenwald, Theodore, Jr., Assistant Director and Chief of Staff of the Office of the Director for Mutual Security, 1952.
  • Tarchiani, Alberto, Italian Ambassador in the United States, March 8, 1945–January 1955.
  • Tasca, Henry J., Special Assistant to the Special Representative in Europe at Paris from May 22, 1949; Director of Plans and Policy in the Office of the Special Representative in Europe after June 11, 1952; Deputy Special Representative for Economic Affairs in the Office of the Special Representative in Europe from March 1, 1953; Director of the Operations Mission in Italy after December 12, 1953.
  • Taviani, Paolo Emilio, Under Secretary to the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs until July 1953; Italian Minister of Foreign Commerce, July–August 1953; after August 17, 1953, Italian Minister of Defense.
  • Taylor, Myron C., Personal Representative, with rank of Ambassador, of Presidents Roosevelt and Truman to Pope Pius XII, 1939–1950.
  • Teitgen, Pierre Henri, President of the Mouvement Rèpublicain Populaire in France after May 1952; Vice President of the Council of Ministers, June 1953–June 1954; French Representative to the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe and French Representative to the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community.
  • Terrenoire, Louis, Secretary General of the Rassemblement du Peuple Français, 1951–1954.
  • Terry, Carroll M., First Secretary of the Embassy in Spain until February 1954.
  • Tesoro, George A., Office of Western European Affairs, Department of State.
  • Thielen, Bernard, Colonel, Chief, Policy Division, Office of Military Assistance, Department of Defense 1952.
  • Thorp, Willard L., Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs, November 15, 1946–November 15, 1952.
  • Thurston, Ray L., Deputy Director of the Office of Eastern European Affairs, Department of State, from June 1952; Director of the Office of Eastern European Affairs after May 1954.
  • Ticoulat, Gabriel, J., Deputy Administrator for International Materials Activities, Defense Production Administration, 1952.
  • Timmons, Benson E.L., Deputy Director of the Operations Mission in France until July 31, 1953; in the Foreign Operations Administration, August 1953–October 1954; First Secretary of the Embassy in France after November 1, 1954; Director of the U.S. Operations Mission in France after December 27, 1954.
  • Tittmann, Harold H., Jr., Ambassador in Peru, September 27, 1948–March 30, 1955.
  • Tizard, Sir Henry, Chairman of the British Defense Research Policy Committee.
  • Tomlinson, William M., Finance and Economic Adviser at the Embassy in France until August 1952; thereafter Deputy Representative to the European Coal and Steel Community.
  • Torp, Oscar, Prime Minister of Norway, November 15, 1951–January 21, 1955.
  • Train, George F., Chief of the Mutual Security Agency Economic Group in Spain, April 1952–September 1953.
  • Truman, Harry S., President of the United States, April 12, 1945–January 20, 1953.
  • Tyler, William R., Counselor of Embassy in France from September 27, 1948; Public Affairs Officer in France after July 29, 1952; First Secretary and Consul at the Embassy in France after September 17, 1952; Political Officer in France after August 4, 1953; Deputy Director of the Office of Western European Affairs, Department of State, after May 8, 1954.
  • Undén, Östen, Swedish Minister of Foreign Affairs after July 31, 1945.
  • Valletta, Vittorio, President and Managing Director of FIAT.
  • Vandenberg, Hoyt S., General, U.S. Air Force; Chief of Staff of the Air Force, 1951–1953.
  • Van Hollen, Christopher, Member of the Staff of the Executive Secretariat, Department of State, June 1951–December 1954.
  • Vanoni, Ezio, Italian Minister of Finance and Ad Interim Minister of the Treasury, February 1952; Italian Minister of Finance, February 1952–January 1954; thereafter Italian Minister of the Budget.
  • Van Roijen, Jean Herman. See Roijen.
  • Van Zeeland, Paul. See Zeeland.
  • Vass, Lawrence C., Officer in Charge of North Atlantic Treaty Economic and Military Assistance Affairs, Office of European Regional Affairs, Department of State, May 13, 1951–August 15, 1954.
  • Vernon, Raymond, Deputy Director of the Office of Economic Defense and Trade Policy, Bureau of Economic Affairs, Department of State after November 21, 1951.
  • Vest, George S., Second Secretary of the Embassy in Canada, March 1952–November 1954.
  • Vigon, Juan, Chief of the Spanish High General Staff and chief negotiator of the Military Agreements with the United States, 1952–1953.
  • Voorhees, Tracy S., Defense Advisor to the Mission to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and Director of Offshore Procurement in Europe for Secretary of Defense, 1953–1954.
  • Vyshinsky, Andrey Yanuaryevich, Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs, March 1949–March 1953; First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs and Soviet Permanent Representative at the United Nations, April 1953–November 1954.
  • Wan Waithayakon, Prince, Krommun Naradhip Bongsprabandh, Ambassador from Thailand in the United States, January–March 1952; thereafter Thai Minister of Foreign Affairs.
  • Waugh, Samuel C., Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs after June 5, 1953.
  • Webb, James E., Under Secretary of State, January 28, 1949–February 29, 1952.
  • Weeks, Sinclair, Secretary of Commerce, January 21, 1953–November 10, 1958.
  • West, George L., Jr., Officer in Charge of French-Iberian Affairs, Office of Western European Affairs, Department of State after September 12, 1954.
  • White, Ivan B., Economic Counselor of Embassy in Spain, August 17, 1951–September 17, 1953; Member of the Mutual Security Agency Economic Group in Spain, April 1952–September 1953.
  • Whitman, Ann C., Secretary to President Eisenhower after January 21, 1953.
  • Wight, William L., Jr., Office of British Commonwealth and Northern European Affairs, Department of State; Secretary of the United States Section of the Permanent Joint Board on Defense until December 1954.
  • Wilgress, L. Dana, High Commissioner for Canada in the United Kingdom, 1949–1952; Under Secretary of State for External Affairs, 1952–1953; Canadian Permanent Representative on the North Atlantic Council, and Representative to the Organization for European Economic Cooperation, 1953–1958.
  • Williams, Edward L., Director of the U.S. Operations Mission in Spain, after October 6, 1953.
  • Williams, Walter, Deputy Under Secretary of Commerce until January 1953; thereafter Under Secretary of Commerce.
  • Williamson, Francis T., Deputy Director of the Office of Western European Affairs, Department of State, June 30, 1950–July 20, 1952; Director of the Planning Staff of the Office of Western European Affairs until January 23, 1953; thereafter Counselor of Embassy in Italy.
  • Willis, Francis E., Ambassador in Switzerland after October 9, 1953.
  • Willoughby, Woodbury, Counselor of Embassy in Canada until December 1953; thereafter Counselor of Embassy in Austria.
  • Wilson, Charles Edward, Director of the Office of Defense Mobilization, 1950–1952.
  • Wilson, Charles Erwin, Secretary of Defense after January 28, 1953.
  • Wolf, Joseph J., Officer in Charge of Political-Military Affairs, Office of European Regional Affairs, Department of State, from July 20, 1952; Special Adviser for North Atlantic Treaty Organization Affairs after July 1954.
  • Wood, C. Tyler, Associate Deputy Director of the Mutual Security Agency after January 1, 1952; Economic Coordinator for Korea at Seoul after September 30, 1953.
  • Woodbridge, George, Chief of the Northern European Branch of the European Program Division, Economic Cooperation Administration, until December 31, 1952; Chief of the Northern European Branch of the European Program Division, Mutual Security Agency, until August 1952.
  • Woodward, Stanley, Ambassador in Canada, June 22, 1950–January 14, 1953.
  • Wrong, Hume, Canadian Ambassador in the United States, November 8, 1946– August 3, 1953; thereafter Canadian Secretary of State for External Affairs.
  • Xanthaky, Theodore A., Special Assistant to the Ambassador in Portugal from March 1945.
  • Zeeland, Paul Van, Belgian Minister of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade, August 10, 1949–April 22, 1954.
  • Zoppi, Vittorio, Secretary General of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, June 1948–November 1954.