710 Consultation 4/9–847

Memorandum of Conversation, by the Chairman of the United States Delegation (Marshall)

secret
Participants: Secretary Marshall
Lt. Gen. Pedro Aurelio de Góes Monteiro, Senator of Brazil
Ambassador William D. Pawley93
Major Vernon A. Walters

In apartment of Lt. Gen. Góes Monteiro, Hotel Quitandinha, August 21, 1947, at 11:30 a.m.

After the customary preliminary exchanges, I asked General Góes Monteiro his views concerning the treaty to be negotiated. He briefly reviewed the personality of the members of the Brazilian Delegation. He stated that he felt that no distinction should be made between extra-continental and intra-continental aggression, stating that extra-continental aggression could begin through internal aggression. He further stated that economic questions were well handled in my speech and could not be included at this conference, which is meeting to fix collective responsibility. If the conference were to handle all problems concerning the American republics, it would have to sit for two years. He suggested economic matters could be handled at another conference.

General Góes Monteiro stated that he felt the treaty should include compulsory and automatic measures to be taken in case of aggression, as there will be no time to hold consultations. He felt that such measures should include the right of passage through, and use of bases on the territory of American republics, to other American States coming to the aid of the attacked State. He felt that military organization could be mentioned in the treaty but should be regulated at Bogotá. He stated that he had discussed with the Brazilian Delegation the necessity for including in the protocolary articles a time limit for the ratification of the treaty. He felt that the defense of the South Atlantic [Page 55] would be the responsibility of U.S., Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, and because of the Strait of Magellan, Chile.

General Góes Monteiro then spoke of the communist danger which he felt was more serious than the Fifth Column had been during World War II. He stated that in May Brazil had outlawed the Communist Party,94 and that further measures would soon be taken to cancel the seats of the Communist Party Congressional representatives. He stated that this matter was a little dangerous to bring up at the conference as there would probably be opposition to any anti-Communist action by Mexico, Uruguay, Ecuador, and Chile. I asked General Góes Monteiro whether he felt that the military details of which he had spoken should be handled by bilateral agreements, and he stated that this would be the best way. I then told General Góes Monteiro I would welcome the opportunity to discuss his views at greater length with him. He stated this would be entirely agreeable to him.

On taking leave of General Góes Monteiro he stated that if there were any matters I wished brought to the immediate attention of the President of Brazil, he would be glad to do so, as he had a direct channel of access to the President.

  1. Ambassador in Brazil; Delegate to the Conference.
  2. For documentation on relations between Brazil and the Soviet Union, see pp. 391 ff.