740.00119 Control (Korea)/10–2147
The United States Representative at the United Nations ( Austin ) to the Secretary General of the United Nations ( Lie )43
Excellency: I have the honor to refer to the facts that on September 17, 1947, the United States Secretary of State announced that the United States was placing the problem of Korean Independence before the General Assembly and on September 23, 1947, the General Assembly voted to place that problem upon its agenda. On September 26, 1947, the Chief Soviet Delegate on the Joint United States U.S.S.R. Commission meeting in Seoul, Korea, made the following statement, in translation:
“Therefore, the Soviet Delegation considers that it is possible to afford the Koreans an opportunity to form a government by themselves without the aid and participation of the Allies under the condition of withdrawing the American and Soviet troops from Korea.”
The United States Government desires to take any practicable step which will further the speedy establishment of a truly independent Korea. The only concern of this Government is to make certain that its responsibilities to the Korean people and to the United Nations are properly carried out. It will be recalled that after negotiations in the Joint Commission had reached a stalemate the United States Government proposed that the question of forming a government for Korea be discussed in Washington by representatives of all powers adhering to the Moscow Agreement on Korea, China, the United Kingdom, the U.S.S.R. and the United States. China and the United Kingdom accepted this suggestion but the U.S.S.R. did not. It was only after this that the matter was presented to the United Nations. It is believed that inasmuch as the General Assembly has already voted to consider the problem of Korean independence, its attention [Page 833] should be called to the most recent Soviet proposal, referred to above, as well as the suggestions for a solution of the problem which the Secretary of State said the United States Government would be prepared to advance. With these proposals before it the General Assembly will, it is hoped, be able to recommend measures for an orderly transition from the present systems of government in north and south Korea to an independent, united Korean government and the consequent speedy withdrawal of all occupying forces.
There is therefore transmitted herewith a Resolution which contains the suggestions the United States Delegation will submit for the consideration of Committee 1 of the General Assembly when the problem of Korean independence comes before that body. It is considered that an arrangement of the nature indicated in this Resolution should make possible the early establishment by the Korean people themselves of their own government and the withdrawal of all Soviet and United States armed forces from Korea.
It is requested that copies of this letter together with its enclosure be circulated to the various delegations to the General Assembly for their information.
- Delivered on October 17 to the Secretary General of UN and released to the press the same day; text transmitted to Moscow in airgram A–360, October 21, and copies sent to London and Nanking. Printed as U.N. doc. A/C.1/218, October 17; Department of State Bulletin, October 26, 1947, p. 820. Texts were sent on October 10 and 15 to Seoul, with instructions to read them to the Joint Commission.↩