The Chargé in China (Robertson) to the Secretary of State
[Received April 24.]
The Chargé d’Affaires ad interim has the honor to refer to the Embassy’s despatch no. 1130, February 16, 1946,7 and to inform the Department that on February 8, 1946 a delegation from the Mongolian Peoples Republic arrived to pay a courtesy call on the Chinese Government. This delegation was composed of Su Lung Chia Pu, Vice-President of the Mongolian Peoples Republic, Lhamasurun, Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs, and technical personnel of the mission. As a result of conversations with the Chinese Government, an exchange of notes took place on February 14 agreeing on the establishment of diplomatic relations. The party returned to Ulan Bator on February 19.
The Ministry for Foreign Affairs has made copies of the notes exchanged available to the Embassy and they are enclosed for the Department’s information.8 The note from the Vice-President suggests the establishment of diplomatic relations in view of recognition by the National Government of the Republic of China of the Mongolian Peoples Republic. The reply of the Chinese Foreign Minister9 agrees to this suggestion. It is of interest to note that the Chinese reply consistently refers to the Government of Outer Mongolia, whereas the Mongolian note speaks of the Mongolian Peoples Republic. It is also interesting to note that the notification of Chinese recognition of independence was originally made on January 5, 1946 by the Ministry of Interior and that it was the Vice-Minister of Interior who was sent to Outer Mongolia last fall to observe the plebiscite.
During its stay in Chungking the Mongolian delegation gave several press interviews, accounts of two of which are enclosed.8 It was extensively entertained by Chinese officials. A large reception in its honor was given by the Soviet Embassy, but no other contacts were made in the foreign colony. At the Soviet reception it was noted that all members of the delegation spoke excellent Russian. They seemed to be on close and friendly terms with the various officers of the Soviet Embassy and to have spent considerable time with them during their visit here. At this reception the Mongolians were cordial and friendly with all guests but conversation with them failed to elicit any remarks of interest. They had been accompanied to Chungking [Page 1226] by a large group of Soviet army officers who were also present at the reception.
One officer of the Soviet Embassy told an officer of the Embassy that the Mongolians had been particularly interested in finding out from them the procedures for setting up diplomatic relations and for establishing an Embassy. From these remarks it seems apparent that the Outer Mongolians intend to rely largely on Soviet advice in such matters.