Article 1

Point 4. After the words “null and void” in the first sentence, insert the words “with all the consequences ensuing therefrom”.


Czechoslovakia considers it necessary to express in the Peace Treaty the nullity of the Vienna Award, and to do so not merely formally but to give to this declaration a material substance. It is a justified demand that the nullity of an act should also entail the nullity of all its material consequences. In every legal order the nullity of an act causes a reversion to the former legal and factual state as it existed before the act was committed. This natural and just demand is in no way reflected by the clauses of the Peace Treaty and the Czechoslovak Republic therefore considers it necessary that this self-evident principle should be explicitly expressed.