893.00/6–1645: Telegram

The Ambassador in China (Hurley) to the Secretary of State

1000. Following analysis of present situation in Sinkiang is based on recent telegrams from Wash [Ward]:

Chinese defense of Li [defeat in Ili] valley in January followed by collapse of Tihwa conspiracy in May resulted in an impasse which should have afforded an opportunity to settle revolt as purely internal affair. However, according to special delegate Li Tsu-nung and others in position to know, Chinese authorities have made no effort to [Page 1002] effect such a local settlement, nor do they contemplate further action with a view to a military solution. General Chu is reported to believe that settlement can be reached only through diplomatic channels as he is said to be convinced that revolt was inspired by USSR. In considered opinion of British and American consuls, however, revolt resulted not from Soviet instigation but from abundant internal causes, although quite possibly there exists on the Soviet side of the border substantial tacit sympathy with the rebels, especially among members of same race. In support of this belief Ward cites apparent lack of over-all direction of rebel activities as evidenced by failure of rebels who have been northwest of Yenchi for more than a month to attack the city, and to take advantage of the continued unrest in northern Sinkiang and the obvious Chinese weakness in southern Sinkiang.

Ward has been confidentially informed that early in June special delegate, acting on orders from the Central Government, requested through Soviet Consul General good offices of USSR in settlement of revolt. Consul General reportedly suggested that matter be referred to Moscow. According to special delegate, problem will be discussed by Molotov and Soong in Moscow.

Sent to Department. Repeated to Moscow.