810.20 Defense/1262

The Ambassador in Brazil ( Caffery ) to the Secretary of State

No. 5062

Sir: I have the honor to repeat, as reported in my telegram No. 926 of July 24, 5 p.m.,28 that the “Term of Agreement” to govern the activities of the Brazilian-American Joint Group of Staff Officers was signed yesterday by the Brazilian Minister of War and General Miller. The only changes in the text as signed, copies of which are transmitted herewith, from that forwarded with my despatch No. 5042 of July 22, 194128 were as follows: first paragraph under I; [Page 507] paragraph 1 of III; paragraphs 1, 2, 3 and 4 of IV and old paragraph 5 deleted with No. 6 renumbered 5.

Respectfully yours,

Jefferson Caffery

Term of Agreement

To govern the activities of the Brazilian-American Joint Group of Staff Officers.

I. Preliminaries:

The creation of this Group results from the terms established in the Bases of the Agreement for Cooperation between the United States and Brazil, of October 29, 1940, and from the understanding expressed in the exchange of correspondence on the subject between the Chief of the General Staff of the Brazilian Army and the Chief of the United States Military Mission. Among other points it should consider in its plans the following stipulations:

Promise of Brazil to assist with all its forces and with the means at its disposal, the common defense of the American continent;
Promise of Brazil to construct air and naval bases and to authorize their use for the other Pan-American countries;
Promise of Brazil to organize the defense of its coast and of the islands along its seacoast, as well as the ways and means of communication of the country.
Promise of the United States to employ its armed forces to assist Brazil in defense against attacks by armed forces of non-American states.
Promise of the United States to assist Brazil in the procurement of the armament and of all the material means which it needs for the purposes in question, as well as the furnishing of technicians which Brazil declares it needs.

II. Organization:

The Joint Group will be constituted by General Staff officers of the two countries, six from Brazil and five from the United States, and will be presided over by the Chief of Staff of the Army of the Country in which it is assembled, or by an officer in his place, recommended by the Minister of War and designated by the President of the Republic.
Its meeting place in Brazil will be this Capital, where it will meet in the Ministry of War and where initially will be determined, after approval by the Government, its work, studies and plans and will be decided the reconnaissances judged necessary.
All its work will be of strictly secret nature and its conclusions will take the form of recommendations and information, and only after approval by the two governments in question, can they acquire the form of execution, through ministerial orders and directives.
The expenses of all kinds corresponding to the member representatives will be met and paid for by the respective governments.

III. General Program of Action.

The Group should accomplish the following general program of work:

Decide upon the land, coast and air defense requirements of the Western Hemisphere particularly with reference to the vital strategic area of Northeast Brazil, including:
Determination of the part of the defense which Brazil can undertake;
Determination of the assistance to be received from the United States, including its military aviation.
Determination of the military defense works and installations to be constructed and prepared in Brazil in order that the defense may be efficiently accomplished and also that there may be received the effective and ultimate cooperation of the forces of the United States.
Planning for all the construction requirements of the installations of the said defense and of the technical and material assistance to be placed by the United States at the disposal of Brazil in order that she may accomplish it.

IV. Limitations.

In the accomplishment of its mission, the Joint Group must keep as directives for guidance the following bases:

The employment of Brazilian forces should be planned within the limits of the territory of Brazil (continental or insular), whose total defense belongs to them within the contingencies of action on the continent; however under special conditions, after decision by the Brazilian Government on the opportuneness, the locality, the period of time and the need, they may be sent to other points on the continent.
In case of a positive threat against any part of Brazilian territory, and when she considers it appropriate, Brazil will be able to request the assistance of forces of the United States, at the points and for the time determined in advance by Brazil.
The air and naval bases in the territory of Brazil will be commanded and maintained by Brazilian forces and only on request of its government may they be occupied also by United States forces, as an element of reenforcement.
Such bases will be prepared by Brazil, with the technical and material assistance of the United States, as determined by the Joint Group, the cost of which will be subsequently paid by Brazil, through legally drawn contracts.
Among the problems and questions to be taken up, the Joint Group may study, as complimentary elements of defense, the transport and communications requirements having in view the concentration and supply in certain zones, and whose solution the Group should recommend.

V. Conclusion.

All the reports of the Joint Group should be forwarded by its President to the Ministers of War of the two countries for information and consequent decisions.

This document, written in duplicate, and, by delegation of the Governments of the United States of Brazil and of the United States of America is signed respectively by the Minister of War of Brazil and by the General Chief of the United States Military Mission in Brazil.

  • General Eurico G. Dutra
  • Brig. General Lehman W. Miller

  1. Not printed.
  2. Not printed.