List of Papers

(Unless otherwise specified, the correspondence is from or to officials in the Department of State.)

PRELIMINARIES TO THE INTER-AMERICAN CONFERENCE FOR THE MAINTENANCE OF PEACE TO BE HELD AT BUENOS AIRES IN 1936

Date and number Subject Page
1935 July 25 (2764) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Information from Acting Foreign Minister that Mexican Ambassador at Washington, at President Roosevelt’s request, had approached President Cárdenas concerning the possibility of holding an inter-American peace conference and that Cárdenas had expressed desire to cooperate in the matter.
1
Aug. 5 (820) To the Ambassador in Mexico
Advice that Acting Foreign Minister’s information is accurate in general, but that since matter is still in the formative stage it must be treated as confidential.
1
Aug. 8 (95) From the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)
Information from Foreign Minister of President Benavides’ acceptance of suggestions relative to proposed peace conference recently made by Mr. Welles to the Peruvian Ambassador in Washington.
2
Aug. 10 (4090) From the Ambassador in Peru
Peru’s understanding that proposed conference will be held in Lima, and unwillingness to play role secondary to Argentina’s.
3
Aug. 12 (66) To the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)
Indication that no reference has been made to seat of conference in recent Peruvian communication; instructions not to discuss any aspects of question.
4
Oct. 3 (2934) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Acting Foreign Minister’s remarks concerning Argentina’s position on the projected conference, and on President Roosevelt’s decision to postpone invitations.
5
(Note: Citations to related material printed in section on the Chaco dispute.) 6

CHACO DISPUTE BETWEEN BOLIVIA AND PARAGUAY

The Argentine-Chilean Mission

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Feb. 19 (22) From the Chargé in Chile (tel.)
Agreement of Chile and Argentina to send a special agent to Asunción and one to La Paz on a secret mission to attempt reconciliation of Bolivian-Paraguayan views before League sanctions become effective on February 24.
7
[Page VIII]Feb. 20 Memorandum by the Assistant Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with Aranha, Brazilian Ambassador, who set forth his Government’s view toward support of the secret mission, and expressed desire for U. S. view.
7
Feb. 21 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with the Minister-Counselor of the Brazilian Embassy, who referred further to the secret mission and gave his Government’s view that its effort was doomed to failure.
8
Feb. 21 (12) From the Chargé in Paraguay (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s advice that a Cabinet meeting will be held within a day or so to discuss the advisability of withdrawing from the League.
10
Feb. 23 (14) From the Chargé in Paraguay (tel.)
Information from Foreign Office that Paraguay has withdrawn from the League.
11
Feb. 25 (19) From the Chargé in Uruguay (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s view that Paraguayan withdrawal from the League enhances the possibility of calling an inter-American conciliation conference to settle the Chaco conflict.
11
Feb. 28 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with Secretary of Chilean Embassy regarding his Government’s request for U. S. good offices with members of the League to secure postponement of the Advisory Committee meeting scheduled for March 11 until success or failure of the Argentine-Chilean démarche had been determined.
12
Mar. 14 (15) From the Chargé in Argentina (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s communication of a document (text printed) outlining the background of a new Argentine-Chilean peace approach.
13
Mar. 15 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Conversation with Aranha, Brazilian Ambassador, during which he communicated the details of the Argentine-Chilean peace proposals.
14
Mar. 18 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Conversation with Espil, the Argentine Ambassador, who communicated Foreign Minister’s request for U. S. collaboration in the current démarche.
16
Mar. 18 (18) From the Chargé in Paraguay (tel.)
Paraguayan desire for U. S. and Uruguayan membership in any American mediation group that may be formed.
18
Mar. 18 (62) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Brazilian view on a recent Argentine-Chilean declaration alleging that Brazil and Peru will join in the prosecution of conciliation activities.
19
Mar. 19 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Conversation with Aranha concerning the Paraguayan desire for participation of Brazil, Uruguay, and the United States in any proposed mediation proceedings.
19
[Page IX]Mar. 22 (31) From the Chargé in Chile (tel.)
Foreign Office memorandum (text printed) tracing developments which have occurred since initiation of peace negotiations.
20
Mar. 25 (13) To the Chargé in Chile (tel.)
Instructions to express to Foreign Minister Cruchaga Department’s appreciation for the information contained in the Foreign Office memorandum.
22
Apr. 2 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Conversation with Espil regarding U. S. acceptance of the recent formal invitation extended by Argentina and Chile for participation in proposed mediation proceedings.
23
Apr. 4 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Conversation with Richling, the Uruguayan Minister, concerning his Government’s failure to receive an invitation to participate in mediatory negotiations.
25
Apr. 6 (28) To the Chargé in Argentina (tel.)
Instructions to submit to Foreign Minister an aide-mémoire (text printed) accepting in general terms the Argentine-Chilean invitation.
(The same, mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassador in Chile.)
26
Apr. 6 (48) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Instructions to advise Foreign Minister of U. S. reply to Argentina and Chile, and to express regret over Brazil’s apparent reluctance to adopt the attitude taken by the United States in the matter.
27

Proposed Chaco Economic Conference

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Apr. 7 (82) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Outline of proposed Brazilian answer to Argentina and Chile, and advice of Brazil’s resentment over being omitted from a list of neighboring states to be called together for a Chaco economic conference.
28
Apr. 7 (20) From the Chargé in Argentina (tel.)
Advice that aide-mémoire transmitted in Department’s telegram No. 28, April 6, has been delivered to Foreign Minister Saavedra Lamas.
30
Apr. 8 (49) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Department’s views in connection with Brazil’s proposed answer to Argentina and Chile.
31
Apr. 9 (52) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Instructions to advise Foreign Minister of Argentina’s assurance that Brazil was excluded from list of countries for the proposed economic conference solely because of a typographical error.
33
Apr. 10 (85) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s observation that Argentina and Chile had done nothing to rectify the error, although their attention had been called to it some weeks ago.
33
[Page X]Apr. 11 (88) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Secretary-General’s reference to the Brazilian answer as definitely leaving the door open.
33
Apr. 12 (31) To the Chargé in Argentina (tel.)
Instructions to communicate to the Foreign Minister Department’s suggestion of a joint appeal to Brazil by Argentina, Chile, Peru, and the United States.
(Similar telegram to the Ambassador in Chile.)
35
Apr. 12 (91) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Advice that the Argentine Ambassador has been instructed to notify the Brazilian Government of his Government’s decision to withdraw from the mediation negotiations in view of the Brazilian attitude toward participating therein.
36
Apr. 13 (24) From the Chargé in Argentina (tel.)
Information that Department’s suggestion contained in telegram No. 31, April 12, has been communicated to the Foreign Office.
37
Apr. 13 (46) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Foreign Minister Cruchaga’s acceptance of Department’s suggested joint appeal, and his proposal as to form which the appeal might take.
38
Apr. 17 (98) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s advice that Argentine notification of withdrawal has been received, but only orally; also, that a Chilean note has been received urging Brazilian participation in the joint mediation effort.
38
Apr. 18 (23) To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Instructions to advise Cruchaga as to the necessity for obtaining a response from Argentina before any further steps in the joint appeal matter are taken; views relative to form of appeal proposed by Cruchaga.
39
Apr. 18 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with Mr. Wiggin, First Secretary of the British Embassy, regarding possibility of a joint U. S.-British effort to secure Brazilian participation; conclusion that such action is not needed.
39
Apr. 19 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Further conversation with Mr. Wiggin, who referred to his Government’s renewed suggestion for joint action.
40
Apr. 20 (57) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Brazilian Ambassador’s account of developments in Brazil, including complicating action of the Foreign Minister; advice of the U. S. suggestion made to Argentina and Chile on April 12 for a joint appeal to Brazil.
41
Apr. 22 (59) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Aranha’s communication of statement by President Vargas indicating that if the proposed joint appeal is made, Brazil will reconsider her attitude and definitely participate in negotiations.
43
[Page XI]Apr. 26 (66) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Note (text printed) to be presented to the Foreign Minister jointly by the diplomatic representatives in Brazil of Argentina, Chile, Peru, and the United States.
43
May 2 (113) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Brazilian note dated May 1 (text printed) setting forth Government’s willingness to participate.
45

The Mediation Group

Date and number Subject Page
1935 May 3 (76) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Conversation with the Brazilian Ambassador concerning Foreign Minister’s proposal for the holding of direct preliminary conversations in Rio de Janeiro between the Foreign Ministers of Bolivia and Paraguay before peace negotiations are undertaken in Buenos Aires.
46
May 6 (119) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Advice that Foreign Minister will not insist upon having the preliminary conversations held at Rio de Janeiro and is agreeable to having them at Buenos Aires.
48
May 7 (82) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Information that Department has advised the Governments of Argentina, Chile, Peru, and Paraguay that Brazil is willing to have the preliminary conversations held at Buenos Aires.
49
May 7 (28) To the Chargé in Chile (tel.)
Instructions to inform Foreign Minister Cruchaga of Brazilian proposal for preliminary conversations, and of U. S. intention to send a special representative to Buenos Aires to take part in the peace negotiations.
50
May 8 (55) From the Chargé in Chile (tel.)
Cruchaga’s approval of Brazil’s proposal and his gratitude over U. S. plan to send a special representative.
51
May 8 (125) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s belief that a truce proposal should be made to the Bolivian and Paraguayan Foreign Ministers when they meet for preliminary conversations.
52
May 9 (37) From the Chargé in Argentina (tel.)
Report on meeting conducted by Argentine Foreign Minister Saavedra Lamas with the Brazilian, Chilean, Peruvian and U. S. Ambassadors during which it was agreed that Uruguay would be invited to join the mediating group, and the United States the proposed economic conference.
53
May 9 (59) From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s approval of proposed preliminary conversations, but his doubt that Peru will appoint a special delegate to the mediation negotiations.
54
May 10 (41) To the Chargé in Argentina (tel.)
Department’s views relative to inclusion of Uruguay and Mexico in mediation group, and U. S. participation in proposed economic conference.
55
[Page XII]May 11 (39) From the Chargé in Argentina (tel.)
Advice that Uruguay has joined the mediation group, that the United States will receive an invitation to the economic conference, and that a telegram (text printed) will be sent to the Bolivian and Paraguayan Foreign Ministers inviting them for direct discussions.
56
May 14 (44) To the Chargé in Argentina (tel.)
Department’s attitude toward Bolivian insistence upon the inclusion of Mexico in the mediation commission.
58
May 14 (41) From the Chargé in Argentina (tel.)
Information that Paraguay has accepted invitation to come to Buenos Aires, that Bolivia’s reply is expected shortly, and that Mexican inclusion in commission has been informally requested by the Bolivian Government.
59
May 15 (45) To the Chargé in Argentina (tel.)
Belief that a satisfactory adjustment of the question of Mexican representation might be arrived at through reconstitution of the original Committee of Nine.
60
May 16 (44) From the Chargé in Argentina (tel.)
Advice that Department’s views on Mexican participation will be presented at the May 17 meeting of the commission.
60
May 17 (46) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Bolivian unconditional acceptance of commission’s invitation to come to Buenos Aires.
61
May 18 (47) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Receipt of note urging U. S. collaboration in the economic conference.
61
May 18 (48) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Notification that President Roosevelt has designated Hugh S. Gibson, American Ambassador in Brazil, as the special representative of the United States on the Chaco mediation commission.
62
May 20 (51) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Outline of note to be delivered in reply to invitation to collaborate in economic conference; explanation of probable scope of U. S. participation in the conference.
62
May 22 (50) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Commission’s discussion of procedure to be followed in the forthcoming meetings with the Bolivian and Paraguayan Foreign Ministers.
63
May 27 (55) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Submission of a truce proposal to Bolivian and Paraguayan representatives for communication to their Governments.
64
May 29 (57) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Summary of Paraguayan reply to truce proposal and of observations on proposal submitted by the Bolivian Foreign Minister.
65
May 30 (58) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Advice that a substitute truce formula (text printed) has been submitted to the Bolivian and Paraguayan representatives in an effort to harmonize the views already expressed.
66
[Page XIII]May 31 (62) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Instructions relative to U. S. appointment of a representative on the commission of military experts to proceed to the Chaco in the event that a truce proposal is officially accepted by the belligerents.
67
June 1 (59) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Advice that a second formula amplifying that transmitted in telegram No. 58, May 30, has been submitted to disputants.
67
June 3 (61) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Expectation of agreement between Bolivia and Paraguay on formula as presently drafted (substance printed).
68
June 4 (32) From the Minister in Bolivia (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s advice of Bolivian acceptance of agreement, with the modification that there be definite commitment by both parties to arbitration should direct negotiations fail.
70
June 4 (62) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Advice that certain changes will have to be made in agreement in order to meet respective views of disputants.
70
June 5 To the Argentine Minister for Foreign Affairs (tel.)
Acknowledgment of invitation for the Secretary’s personal collaboration in peace negotiations, and expression of regret that invitation must be declined due to pressing official obligations.
70
June 5 (64) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Summary of provisions contained in a Bolivian counterproposal.
71
June 6 (65) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Department’s receipt of information indicating Argentina’s fear that mediation proceedings will break down as a result of Bolivia’s counterproposal.
72
June 9 (71) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Ad referendum agreement (text printed) reached between the Bolivian and Paraguayan Foreign Ministers.
73
June 11 (18) To the Chargé in Bolivia (tel.)
Instructions to indicate U. S. hope that the Bolivian Government will authorize unconditional acceptance of Buenos Aires Peace Protocol.
75
June 12 (75) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson, U. S. special representative on Mediation Commission: Information that protocol will be signed, together with an additional protocol (text printed) relating to the dispatch of a neutral military commission to the Chaco.
76
June 12 (71) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
For Gibson: Instructions to express U. S. gratification over pacific solution of the Chaco dispute to members of the commission and the two Foreign Ministers following formal signature of the protocols.
76
June 12 (76) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Signature of protocol by Bolivian and Paraguayan Foreign Ministers and members of Mediation Commission.
77
[Page XIV]June 14 (73) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
For Gibson: Instructions to ascertain views of other members of Mediation Commission as to participation of additional American Republics in the peace conference provided for under terms of the recently concluded protocols.
77
June 16 (84) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Outline of objections of Brazilian and Chilean Foreign Ministers to increased membership of peace conference; comments on attitude of Argentine officials.
78
June 17 (86) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Brazilian Foreign Minister’s desire to cooperate in whatever course is decided upon.
79
June 18 (77) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
For Gibson: Department’s view that expanded membership of conference would serve to create necessary continental peace machinery for dealing with any future inter-American disputes.
80
June 19 (91) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Indication that Chile would cooperate if the United States took the lead in the matter of extending membership.
82
June 21 (94) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Conversation with Saavedra Lamas on the most desirable procedure to be followed by the conference, and the participation of additional countries therein.
82
June 22 (98) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Advice that Protocols have been ratified and that a meeting of the mediatory group will be called immediately in order to request the Argentine President to issue invitations to the conference.
84
June 22 (86) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
For Gibson: Instructions to inform Saavedra Lamas of Department’s approval of his suggestions as to procedure of conference; also to present to mediatory group the U. S. proposal for increased membership.
84
June 22 (99) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Advice that mediatory group has expressed virtually unanimous opposition to increasing membership of the conference.
85
June 24 (88) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
For Gibson: Instructions for use as guidance in the event that further reference is made to the subject of expanded membership.
88
June 25 (103) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Chilean plan as to procedure which conference might follow.
88
June 25 (104) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Comments of Saavedra Lamas on inclusion of other American countries in conference, and also on Chilean plan for procedure of conference.
89
[Page XV]June 27 (107) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Advice that conference invitations will be issued shortly and that first meeting will be held on July 1.
90

The Chaco Peace Conference

Date and number Subject Page
1935 July 1 To the Argentine Minister for Foreign Affairs (tel.)
Acknowledgment of invitation to the Peace Conference, and advice of President’s appointment of Hugh Gibson, American Ambassador to Brazil, as U. S. delegate.
91
July 1 (110) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Opening of Peace Conference and selection of Saavedra Lamas, Argentine Foreign Minister, as chairman.
91
July 2 (112) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Conversation with Cruchaga, the Chilean Foreign Minister, as to what he proposed to do about his plan for procedure of the Conference.
92
July 2 (113) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Summary of first business meeting of the Conference.
92
July 4 (117) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Summary of third session of the Conference.
94
July 5 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Mexican Affairs
Message delivered by the Counselor of the Mexican Embassy (text printed) indicating that Mexico would feel compelled to decline a Conference invitation if it were now extended.
94
July 6 (120) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Résumé of some of the present difficulties within the Conference; outline of a suggested method for putting Conference on a more businesslike basis.
95
July 9 (101) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
For Gibson: Department’s view that suggested method seems both desirable and practical.
97
July 12 (127) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Report on Saavedra Lamas’ discussion of his plans for Conference work.
97
July 15 (129) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Saavedra Lamas’ rejection of a League of Nations request for the dispatch of an observer to the Conference.
98
July 15 (130) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Saavedra Lamas’ assertions relative to possible Chilean grant to Bolivia of a port near Arica.
98
July 15 (132) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Summary of fourth Conference session.
99
[Page XVI]July 16 (135) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Expectation that Saavedra Lamas will make some reference in the Conference to possible U. S. financial aid for rehabilitation of the belligerent countries.
100
July 18 (104) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
For Gibson: Outline of Department’s view on any possible proposal for U. S. financial aid, and instructions to express this view informally to Saavedra Lamas.
100
July 19 (139) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Communication of Department’s view to Saavedra Lamas.
101
July 19 (140) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Conference discussion of the question of exchange and repatriation of prisoners.
101
July 20 (141) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Advice that Saavedra Lamas is delaying Conference consideration of fundamental questions until he is certain that demobilization has been carried far enough to ensure against resumption of hostilities.
102
July 24 (150) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Conference agreement on the manner in which the problem of boundary and territorial questions should be taken up.
103
July 24 (151) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Possibility that a member of U. S. Supreme Court will be invited to act as president of a proposed mixed tribunal to be created for study of the question of responsibilities.
104
July 25 (110) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
For Gibson: Department’s view as to probability of invitation’s being accepted by a U. S. Supreme Court Justice.
104
July 26 (154) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Résumé of seventh Conference session.
105
July 29 (156) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Summary of recent developments in the relationship between Saavedra Lamas and Conference delegates in general and the committee set up to deal with prisoners of war in particular.
105
July 31 (161) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Report on eighth Conference session, during which both Paraguayan and Bolivian views on the territorial question were presented.
108
Aug. 1 (53) From the Chargé in Paraguay (tel.)
Information of the forthcoming discussion of the Bolivian-Paraguayan boundary by field generals of those countries.
110
Aug. 2 (163) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Review of items of business in Conference’s ninth session.
110
[Page XVII]Aug. 3 (164) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Report on lengthy discussion of Conference problems with Saavedra Lamas and Rodriguez Alvez, Brazil’s chief delegate.
111
Aug. 7 (54) From the Chargé in Paraguay (tel.)
Conversation with President Ayala relative to his plans for holding a meeting with the Bolivian President, and as to the results of conversations between Bolivian and Paraguayan field generals.
113
Aug. 11 (168) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Substance of draft agreement on prisoners of war which Bolivian and Paraguayan delegates have referred to their Governments; hope that Department will urge acceptance of agreement at La Paz and Asunción.
114
Aug. 11 (169) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Details of efforts to produce an agreement on prisoners of war, and of developments relative to the territorial question.
116
Aug. 12 (15) To the Chargé in Paraguay (tel.)
Instructions to express orally to Foreign Minister U. S. hope for his Government’s acceptance of draft agreement on prisoners of war without change.
(Footnote: The same, mutatis mutandis, to the Minister in Bolivia.)
118
Aug. 12 (173) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Information of Bolivia’s formal note proposing fundamental changes in draft agreement.
118
Aug. 13 (55) From the Chargé in Paraguay (tel.)
Advice that Paraguayan Government has not yet received the draft agreement but that following receipt thereof, the Acting Foreign Minister will convey his Government’s attitude.
119
Aug. 13 (50) From the Minister in Bolivia (tel.)
Bolivian preference that matter of exchange of prisoners be held over rather than settled on the basis of the draft agreement.
119
Aug. 13 (174) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Bolivian maintenance of adamant position on draft agreement, also her unwillingness to agree to the constitution of a war responsibilities tribunal at the present time.
120
Aug. 14 (175) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Clarification of events leading up to formulation of draft agreement.
122
Aug. 14 (51) From the Minister in Bolivia (tel.)
Advice that Bolivian delegate did not refer the draft agreement to his Government, but telegraphed that he deemed its provisions too much at variance with his instructions to do so.
124
Aug. 14 (178) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Report on meeting of mediatory delegates with Saavedra Lamas to discuss future work of the Conference.
124
[Page XVIII]Aug. 15 (179) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Excerpt from Bolivian note referred to in telegram No. 173, August 12, which tends to refute the information transmitted in telegram No. 51, August 14, from the Minister in Bolivia.
125
Aug. 16 (52) From the Minister in Bolivia (tel.)
Further indications that the August 10 draft was not submitted to the Bolivian Government.
126
Aug. 16 (180) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Conversation with Bolivian delegate concerning his future intentions.
126
Aug. 16 (181) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Summary of tenth session of the Conference.
127
Aug. 27 (203) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Gibson’s suggestion of a modified version of Cruchaga’s earlier proposal (reported in telegram No. 103, June 25) as offering some hope of successful solution of the Chaco difficulties in the future.
128
Aug. 28 (191) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Allan Dawson, assistant to Gibson: Advice of Bolivian and Paraguayan replies to a new proposal for solution of the prisoner of war problem.
130
Sept. 2 (194) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Dawson: Summary of informal conference held with Bolivian and Paraguayan delegates on prisoner of war and territorial problems.
131
Sept. 3 (213) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Views regarding proposed visit to Asunción of Argentine and Brazilian chief delegates for the purpose of urging the President of Paraguay to make certain territorial concessions.
133
Sept. 5 (197) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Dawson: Paraguayan position on definition of a boundary line.
134
Sept. 9 (218) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Conversation with Bolivian Chargé who requested support for a resolution on prisoners of war which his Government intends to have introduced into the forthcoming meeting of the Red Cross Conference.
135
Sept. 10 (221) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s view that any discussion of the proposed Bolivian resolution by the Red Cross Conference would probably end possibilities of success of Chaco Conference.
135
Sept. 10 (201) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Dawson: Conversation with Bolivian delegate, who was told that introduction of his Government’s resolution would doubtless endanger present negotiations on territorial problem.
136
Sept. 11 (146) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Instructions to take up matter of resolution with the American delegation to the Red Cross Conference with view to preventing its support.
137
[Page XIX]Sept. 12 (224) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
View that American stand on the Bolivian resolution would be strengthened if Department were to send a telegram of instructions to the Chairman of the American delegation.
138
Sept. 13 (227) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Advice that Secretary General of Foreign Office has attempted to dissuade the Bolivian Chargé from persisting in his attempt to gain Conference consideration of the resolution.
138
Sept. 14 (147) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Instructions to deliver message (text printed) in connection with Bolivia’s resolution, to Chairman of the American delegation to the Red Cross Conference.
139
Sept. 14 (204) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Dawson: New proposal submitted to Bolivian and Paraguavan delegations by the Committee on Prisoners of War.
139
Sept. 14 (205) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Dawson: Peruvian delegate’s submission to Bolivian and Paraguayan delegations of proposal for establishment of war responsibility tribunal.
140
Sept. 18 (209) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Dawson: Saavedra Lamas’ plans for calling a plenary session of the Conference; Paraguayan reply to proposal made by the Committee on Prisoners of War.
140
Sept. 20 (239) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
American delegation’s certainty that no resolution on prisoners of war will be introduced in the Red Cross Conference.
141
Sept. 20 (212) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Dawson: Summary of eleventh session of the Peace Conference.
142
Sept. 21 (156) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Belief that Gibson should return to Buenos Aires on or about September 28; favorable attitude toward Gibson’s modification of the Cruchaga plan.
142
Sept. 21 (214) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Dawson: Paraguayan reluctance to modify her previously expressed position on the boundary line.
143
Sept. 21 (215) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Dawson: Request for Department’s views as to designation of a U. S. Supreme Court Justice to serve on the newly established Commission on War Responsibility.
144
Sept. 23 (241) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Discussion of Foreign Minister’s plan for solution of the Chaco matter; intention to arrive in Buenos Aires on September 27, but hope for appointment of a second delegate as a replacement.
145
Sept. 23 (127) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
For Dawson: Department’s opinion that the magnitude of tasks before the Supreme Court may prevent participation of a U. S. Justice in the work of the Commission on War Responsibility.
147
[Page XX]Sept. 24 (216) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Dawson: Bolivian reply to proposal made by Prisoners of War Committee referred to in telegram No. 204, September 14.
148
Sept. 24 (217) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Dawson: Saavedra Lamas’ fear that Bolivia and Paraguay will not accept his draft resolution for establishment of the War Responsibility Commission if provision for an American presiding judge cannot be included therein.
148
Sept. 25 (130) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
For Dawson: Suggestion that Saavedra Lamas consider including in his resolution an alternative category such as “an eminent jurist of the United States.”
149
Sept. 26 (131) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
For Dawson: Advice of Argentine Ambassador’s efforts to gain Department’s approval of Saavedra Lamas’ proposed composition of the Commission on War Responsibility.
149
Sept. 28 (223) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Information as to wording of Commission resolution adopted by the Conference at its twelfth plenary session.
150
Oct. 1 (224) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Résumé of latest meeting of the neutrals.
151
Oct. 2 (227) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Advice of neutrals’ decision to postpone declaring the war at an end pending the arrival of members of the Neutral Military Commission: also of signature of Protocol establishing Tribunal on War Responsibility.
151
Oct. 4 (230) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Summary of a plan for a treaty between Bolivia and Paraguay prepared in collaboration with the Argentine and Brazilian chief delegates.
152
Oct. 4 (231) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Information relative to a possible visit of the Bolivian delegate to Rio de Janeiro for private conversations with the Brazilian Foreign Minister.
154
Oct. 5 (232) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Outline of background for proposal referred to in telegram No. 230, October 4, and of procedure contemplated in connection with its presentation to the Conference and to the disputants.
155
Oct. 7 (136) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
For Gibson: Approval of proposal and willingness to support it at Asunción and La Paz.
156
Oct. 8 (234) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Views as to proposal’s chances of success.
157
Oct. 8 (235) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Brazilian Foreign Minister’s approval of proposal.
158
[Page XXI]Oct. 8 (236) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Report on mediators’ meeting with senior members of Neutral Military Commission.
158
Oct. 11 (242) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Mediatory group’s receipt of advice that Chilean Foreign Minister Cruchaga refuses to support proposal.
159
Oct. 11 (243) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Information that Cruchaga has agreed to give his support to the proposal providing it is presented in a less formal manner to the disputants.
160
Oct. 12 (244) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Saavedra Lamas’ fear of the imminent collapse of present Conference negotiations, and his opinion that a general conference of all American states should be called.
160
Oct. 17 (26) To the Chargé in Bolivia (tel.)
Instructions to express orally to Foreign Minister U. S. hope for his Government’s acceptance of the proposal which, it is understood, was presented to the disputants on October 15.
161
Oct. 17 (16) To the Minister in Paraguay (tel.)
Instructions to express to Foreign Minister U. S. hope for Paraguayan acceptance of proposal.
162
Oct. 17 (144) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
For Gibson: Outline of Department’s views relative to Saavedra Lamas’ attitude in connection with a general conference referred to in telegram No. 244, October 12.
163
Oct. 18 (247) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Saavedra Lamas’ intention now to abandon all thought of a general conference in order to devote himself to the present effort.
165
Oct. 18 (248) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Paraguayan delegates’ attitude that proposal is not worthy of submission to their Government; more reasonable attitude of the Bolivian chief delegate.
165
Oct. 19 (249) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Expression of concern over Paraguay’s uncompromising attitude, and request for Department’s views thereon.
166
Oct. 21 (145) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
For Gibson: Views as requested.
168
Oct. 24 (256) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Report that Conference cannot much longer delay declaring the war at an end, and that a neutral body will be formed to police the lines of separation in the Chaco following lapsing of powers of the Neutral Military Commission.
169
Oct. 26 (261) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Mediators’ agreement upon text of declaration that war is at an end.
170
Oct. 28 (263) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Conference adoption of resolution declaring war at an end.
170
[Page XXII]Oct. 30 (153) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
For Gibson: Advice from Paraguayan Minister that Paraguayan reply to the October 15 proposal will leave the way open for a continuation of negotiations.
170
Oct. 30 (267) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Belief that Conference should adjourn in view of receipt of information indicating that disputants’ replies to proposal will constitute rejection; comments on possible future activity toward settlement of the Chaco problem.
171
Oct. 31 (156) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
For Gibson: Department’s belief that it is highly undesirable to consider adjourning the Conference for any protracted period.
172
Nov. 1 (268) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Advice of neutrals’ willingness to remain in session if the Bolivian and Paraguayan replies to the proposal show any possibilities of direct agreement.
174
Nov. 6 (270) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Summary of Bolivian and Paraguayan replies.
174
Nov. 7 (271) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Belief that Conference should adjourn in view of the uncompromising nature of disputants’ replies.
176
Nov. 11 (158) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
For Gibson: Department’s view that if the Conference can solve the prisoner exchange problem, it might then be most practical to adjourn subject to call of the chairman.
178
Nov. 13 (274) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Arrival of Spruille Braden, additional U. S. delegate to the Conference.
179
Nov. 15 (279) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Gibson: Information as to formula which has been worked out for solution of the prisoner question; further remarks on possible adjournment.
179
Nov. 23 (283) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Braden: Advice that Paraguay has accepted the prisoner and security formula ad referendum, but that Bolivia has expressed unyielding opposition; importance of political questions in the situation.
182
Nov. 30 (290) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Braden: Information that two documents covering the prisoner and security questions have been submitted to the Bolivian and Paraguayan delegations.
184
Dec. 4 (293) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Braden: Transmission by Bolivian and Paraguayan delegations of agreed-on formula to their Governments; transmission of formula to the Department and Rio de Janeiro.
185
Dec. 6 (294) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Braden: Summary of Bolivian and Paraguayan replies to the latest Conference formula on prisoners and security measures.
185
[Page XXIII]Dec. 11 (172) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
For Braden: Advice of Department’s efforts to gain Bolivian and Paraguayan consent to joint concessions in the matter of the net payment to be made by Bolivia to Paraguay for maintenance, etc., of prisoners.
187
Dec. 12 (76) From the Minister in Paraguay (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s comments on the primary importance of security to Paraguay, and the secondary importance of Bolivian payments for the maintenance and repatriation of prisoners.
187
Dec. 12 (60) From the Chargé in Bolivia (tel.)
President’s fear of political repercussions if his Government should accept formula’s stated financial terms; advice that Bolivian delegation has been authorized to accept security formula.
188
Dec. 12 (295) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Braden: Possible adjournment of Conference because of Paraguay’s recalcitrant stand on the prisoner question; plans for further efforts by the neutrals.
188
Dec. 14 (177) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
For Braden: Belief that adjournment without solution of prisoner and security questions would be regrettable.
192
Dec. 16 (297) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Braden: Summary of present situation, and request for authorization to proceed to Asunción (as urged by Saavedra Lamas and the Paraguayans) in an effort to give President Ayala a full picture of the situation, with a view to possible solution of the prisoner and security questions.
192
Dec. 18 (178) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
For Braden: Instructions not to undertake the mission unless accompanied by the Brazilian delegate.
195
Dec. 19 (212) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Instructions to express to Foreign Minister U. S. hope that Brazilian delegate may be authorized to accompany Braden on proposed peace mission to Asunci6n.
196
Dec. 20 (344) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Granting of authorization to the Brazilian delegate by the Foreign Minister.
196
Dec. 20 (300) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Braden: Advice of the forthcoming departure for Asunción of members of the peace mission.
196
Dec. 24 (303) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Braden: Information that a new formula has been drafted based on concessions secured from Ayala.
197
Dec. 30 (305) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
From Braden: Account of difficulties encountered following submission of formula to the Bolivian and Paraguayan delegations.
197
[Page XXIV]

Leticia dispute between Colombia and peru

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Jan. 1 (1) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Colombian Senate’s failure to approve the Rio Pact of May 24, 1934, so that ratifications could be exchanged with Peru on December 31.
199
Jan. 3 (3) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Advice that Pact’s future is uncertain due to the Colombian Senate’s election of a new president from the ranks of the conservative opposition party.
199
Jan. 8 (6) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Information that British Minister has urged his Government to ask the League of Nations to request Peru’s consent to extension of time limit for exchange of ratifications of the Rio Pact, and to request Colombian ratification of the Pact before January 31.
200
Jan. 11 (7) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
British Minister’s receipt of his Government’s suggestions relative to ratification procedure; ex-President Olaya’s intention to urge positive action by President López.
201
Jan. 12 (9) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
Peru’s formal notification to the League of Colombian failure to ratify the Pact before December 31.
202
Jan. 14 (11) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
Advice that League Committee of Three will give consideration to the convoking of the Leticia Advisory Committee to consider Colombia’s nonratification of the Pact.
202
Jan. 14 (6) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Advice as to possible convocation of Leticia Advisory Committee and U. S. collaboration therewith.
203
Jan. 16 (510) From the Chargé in Colombia
Conversation with ex-President Olaya, who gave an account of his interview with President López on the prospects of early ratification of the Pact.
204
Jan. 24 Memorandum by the Under Secretary of State
Conversation with Peruvian Ambassador, who inquired as to possible U. S. representations at Bogotá for Colombian ratification.
205
Jan. 24 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs to the Under Secretary of State
Suggested reply to be made to the Peruvian Ambassador’s inquiry.
206
Jan. 24 (13) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Advice of British, French, and Italian representations to Colombian Government urging ratification of the Pact.
206
Jan. 25 Memorandum by the Under Secretary of State
Account of conversation with Peruvian Ambassador, during which answer was made to his inquiry of January 24.
208
Feb. 1 (18) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Conversation with Dr. Olaya regarding a possible solution of the Pact problem.
208
Feb. 5 (19) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Further conversation with Olaya, who, having accepted the post of Foreign Minister, outlined the course he plans to follow in regard to the Pact.
209
[Page XXV]Feb. 5 (20) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Foreign Minister Olaya’s inquiry as to a possible U. S. approach to the former Brazilian Foreign Minister in an effort to obtain clarification of a recent statement made by him to the Colombian Minister at Rio de Janeiro.
210
Feb. 6 (21) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Advice that Colombian Senate has postponed voting on the Pact as a result of an opposition proposal for a compromise formula.
211
Feb. 6 (12) To the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Views on Olaya’s inquiry forwarded in the Chargé’s telegram No. 20 of February 5.
211
Feb. 7 (24) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Failure of Senate to ratify Pact and adjournment of Congress by Presidential decree.
212
Feb. 7 (15) From the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)
Peruvian reaction to Colombian Senate’s vote against ratification.
212
Feb. 11 (20) From the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)
Outline of Peru’s reply to a Colombian request for prolongation of the period in which ratification may be accomplished.
212
Feb. 11 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with the Peruvian Ambassador, who communicated the substance of his Government’s reply to Colombia’s recent request.
213
Mar. 6 (1193 Pol.) From the Consul at Geneva
Transmittal of League of Nations document dated March 4 (text printed) containing Colombia’s notification of agreement reached with Peru on extension of the time limit for exchange of ratifications to November 30.
214
July 23 (69) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Advice that Pact has been submitted to the Senate and referred to the Foreign Relations Committee for report.
216
Aug. 22 (78) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Information that Pact has been approved by the Senate but that it must further secure the approval of the Chamber of Representatives.
216
Sept. 17 (81) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Approval of Chamber of Representatives.
216
Sept. 27 (86) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Notice that ratifications have been exchanged.
216
Sept. 30 (401) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
League’s regard of Colombia-Peru dispute as technically closed, upon receipt of notice that ratifications of Pact were deposited on September 27.
217
[Page XXVI]

PAN AMERICAN COMMERCIAL CONFERENCE HELD AT BUENOS AIRES, MAY 26–JUNE 19, 1935

Date and number Subject Page
1935 (Bibliographical note and citation to texts of conventions adopted by Conference and signed by the United States.) 218

TREATY BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER AMERICAN REPUBLICS FOR THE PROTECTION OF ARTISTIC AND SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTIONS AND HISTORIC MONUMENTS, APRIL 15, 1935

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Apr. 15 Treaty Between the United States and Other American Republics for the Protection of Artistic and Scientific Institutions and Historic Monuments, Signed at Washington
Text of treaty.
219

INTERPRETATION OF ARTICLE IV OF THE HABANA CONVENTION ON COMMERCIAL AVIATION ADOPTED FEBRUARY 20, 1928

Guatemala

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Feb. 23 (544) From the Minister in Guatemala
Opinion set forth by the Guatemalan General Bureau of Civil Aeronautics in interpretation of article IV of the Habana Convention.
222
Apr. 6 (180) To the Minister in Guatemala
Views on opinion rendered by the General Bureau of Civil Aeronautics.
224
May 29 (664) From the Minister in Guatemala
Foreign Office note of May 27 (text printed) accepting procedure proposed by the United States regarding right of entry of civil aircraft under terms of the Habana Convention.
226
June 17 (204) To the Chargé in Guatemala
Appreciation for Legation’s assistance in reaching an understanding with Guatemala on the right of entry question.
228

Mexico

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Apr. 18 (2466) From the Chargé in Mexico
Indication that an impasse has been reached in U. S.-Mexican efforts to arrive at an understanding on the interpretation of article IV of the Habana Convention, and request for instructions as to further course of action.
(Footnote: Information that no further instruction has been found in Department files.)
229
[Page XXVII]

GOOD OFFICES OF THE UNITED STATES IN THE REESTABLISHMENT OF DIPLOMATIC REPRESENTATION BETWEEN COSTA RICA AND GUATEMALA

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Dec. 7 (534) From the Minister in Costa Rica
Transmittal of letter received from President Jiménez seeking the good offices of the U. S. Minister in Guatemala in informing President Ubico that Costa Rica entertains no hostile or unfriendly sentiments toward his country.
230
Dec. 19 (118) To the Minister in Costa Rica
Advice that copy of Jiménez’ letter has been forwarded to the Minister in Guatemala, together with instructions to explain Costa Rica’s viewpoint to President Ubico.
231
Dec. 19 (121) To the Minister in Guatemala
Transmittal of copy of Jiménez’ letter, and authorization to present his viewpoint to President Ubico and to suggest arrangement for exchange of diplomatic representatives with Costa Rica.
232
1935 Feb. 8 (427) From the Minister in Guatemala
President Ubico’s willingness to arrange for exchange of diplomatic representatives with Costa Rica.
232
Feb. 22 (9) From the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)
Telegram to Guatemala (text printed) notifying the American Minister that Costa Rica’s Foreign Minister plans to request agrément for the new Costa Rican envoy to Guatemala.
234
Undated [Rec’d Feb. 27] (6) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Telegram to Costa Rica (text printed) advising that the Guatemalan Foreign Minister will reciprocate upon receipt of the Costa Rican request.
234
Feb. 28 (10) From the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)
Telegram to Guatemala (text printed) informing Minister Hanna of Costa Rica’s desire for delay in the matter of requests for agrément, and of Government’s understanding of procedure to be followed when requests are made.
235
Feb. 28 (7) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Telegram to Costa Rica (text printed) advising that the Guatemalan Foreign Minister has been apprised of Costa Rica’s request for delay.
235
Feb. 28 (8) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Request for authorization to propose the procedure outlined in telegram No. 10, February 28, from the Minister in Costa Rica, as a suggestion of the U. S. Secretary of State.
236
Mar. 1 (7) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Instructions to express to President Ubico Department’s belief in the reasonableness of the suggested procedure for simultaneous notification.
236
Mar. 9 (7) To the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)
Telegram from Guatemala (text printed) advising of President Ubico’s acceptance of the procedure.
237
Mar. 9 (564) From the Minister in Guatemala
Report on the difficulties encountered prior to President Ubico’s acceptance.
237
[Page XXVIII]Mar. 14 (12) From the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)
Telegram to Guatemala (text printed) advising that the Costa Rican Foreign Minister suggests March 18 as the date for an exchange of telegrams with the Guatemalan Government prior to the actual extension of agréments.
(Footnote: Extension of agréments March 20.)
240
Mar. 25 (171) To the Minister in Guatemala
Commendation for the effective action taken in the Guatemalan-Costa Rican situation.
240

COOPERATION OF THE UNITED STATES WITH OTHER GOVERNMENTS IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE INTER-AMERICAN HIGHWAY

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Dec. 20 (471) From the Minister in Guatemala
Information relating to a report made for the Director General of Roads by a committee designated to examine the contemplated construction of Guatemala’s section of the Inter-American Highway.
241
1935 Jan. 29 (2166) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Mexico’s willingness to cooperate in the proposed reorganization of the Inter-American Highway Commission.
243
Feb. 6 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with the Colombian Chargé regarding the status of reconnaissance surveys for the proposed route of the Inter-American Highway through Colombia.
243
Feb. 15 (222) To the Chargé in Panama
Announcement of the approaching reopening by the U. S. Bureau of Public Roads of its Panama office for continuance of reconnaissance surveys on the Panaman route of the Inter-American Highway.
244
Feb. 15 (140) To the Minister in Costa Rica
Notification of impending reopening of the Panaman office of the U. S. Bureau of Public Roads.
(Footnote: The same to El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua.)
245
Mar. 16 (165) To the Minister in Guatemala
Advice relating to plans and proposals of the Bureau of Public Roads for beginning construction work on the Inter-American Highway in Guatemala.
246
Mar. 23 To the Secretary of Agriculture
Suggestions as to how the Bureau of Public Roads might best utilize that portion of the funds allotted to it by Congress for construction of the Inter-American Highway.
247
Mar. 25 (584) From the Minister in Guatemala
Belief that further exchanges with the Guatemalan Government on the highway project should await more specific advice from the Bureau of Public Roads.
249
[Page XXIX]Mar. 30 (237) To the Minister in Panama
Notification of forthcoming visit to Panama and other Central American countries of Mr. E. W. James of the Bureau of Public Roads to confer with appropriate officials as to further work on the highway.
(Footnote: Similar instructions to Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua.)
250
Apr. 24 (693) From the Minister in Costa Rica
Report on conferences held between Mr. James and Costa Rican officials during the former’s visit in San José
250
May 8 (823) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Account of the visit of Mr. James to Managua and the results of his conferences there.
252
May 9 (243) From the Minister in El Salvador
Report and comment on the nationalistic attitude adopted by President Martínez during his interview with Mr. James.
254
May 21 (652) From the Minister in Guatemala
Advice of the arrival of Mr. James and transmittal of letter (text printed) addressed to him by the Minister of Agriculture specifying the cooperation to be given by Guatemala toward construction of the highway.
255
May 23 (658) From the Minister in Guatemala
Observations relative to mutual cooperation of the United States and Guatemala in furtherance of the highway project.
257
Aug. 13 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Conversation with the Nicaraguan Chargé regarding his Government’s proposed new route for the highway.
259
Sept. 3 (223) To the Chargé in Guatemala
Transmittal of (1) letter from the Acting Secretary of Agriculture regarding results of the James mission, and (2) note to be addressed to the Guatemalan Government (text printed) suggesting procedure for cooperation in bridge construction along highway route.
(Footnote: Similar notes to be addressed to the Governments of Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua and Honduras.)
260
Sept. 23 (864) From, the Minister in Costa Rica
Recommendation of step to be taken to prevent Costa Rican officials from requiring consent of their Congress for acceptance of U. S. assistance in construction of the highway.
262
Oct. 4 (37) To the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)
View that Costa Rica should not be dissuaded from taking whatever steps are deemed necessary prior to acceptance of U. S. assistance.
264
Nov. 12 (238) To the Chargé in Guatemala
Instructions to seek certain assurances relative to handling of materials and equipment from those countries accepting U. S. cooperation in the bridge construction program.
(Footnote: Similar instructions to Honduras and Panama, and satisfactory replies from all three Governments.)
264
[Page XXX]

ARGENTINA

Preliminary Discussions Respecting a Trade Agreement Between the United States and Argentina

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Feb. 5 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Telephone conversation with the Argentine Ambassador, who inquired as to whether the United States intended to generalize to his Government those concessions granted to Brazil under the recently concluded U. S.-Brazilian trade agreement.
266
Feb. 11 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with the Argentine Ambassador, who was given an affirmative answer to his inquiry of February 5, but was also reminded of certain minor discriminations against the United States existing under the Argentine-Chilean modus vivendi of 1932.
267
May 3 Memorandum by Mr. Donald R. Heath of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with the Argentine Commercial Attaché relative to his Government’s desire for the early negotiation of a trade agreement.
268

Representations to the Argentine Government Respecting Surcharge for Importation of Goods for Which Official Exchange Permits Had Not Been Accorded

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Apr. 14 From the Consul General at Buenos Aires (tel.)
Finance Minister’s issuance of decree stipulating that from April 22 merchandise for which official exchange permits have not been accorded may be imported into Argentina only upon payment of a surcharge of 20% of the value.
269
Apr. 15 From the Consul General at Buenos Aires (tel.)
Advice as to how computation will be made of the increased cost to importers under terms of decree.
269
Apr. 16 (34) To the Chargé in Argentina (tel.)
Instructions to make representations to the Foreign Minister regarding elements of discrimination against American trade contained in decree.
270
Apr. 17 To the Argentine Embassy
Hope for Argentine reconsideration of terms of the decree, and specific request that enforcement of decree be suspended for a period of 60 days.
270
Apr. 17 (30) From the Chargé in Argentina (tel.)
Advice that representations against decree have been made to the Foreign Ministry and to the Finance Ministry.
270
Apr. 22 (31) From the Chargé in Argentina (tel.)
Further representations made to Under Secretary of Foreign Affairs.
271
Apr. 23 (32) From the Chargé in Argentina (tel.)
Arrival of first American goods subject to decree, and payment of new tax by the importers.
271
[Page XXXI]Apr. 25 (36) To the Chargé in Argentina (tel.)
Instructions to request Foreign Minister’s early reply to U. S. representations.
272
Apr. 26 (33) From the Chargé in Argentina (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s promise to expedite a response from Finance Ministry.
272
Apr. 27 (34) From the Chargé in Argentina (tel.)
Substance of Finance Ministry’s memorandum replying to U. S. representations.
272
Apr. 29 (37) To the Chargé in Argentina (tel.)
Instructions to make inquiry of Foreign Minister as to truth of report that a surcharge of 20% will be added to all bids for Argentine Government contracts received from countries with which Argentina has an unfavorable trade balance.
273
May 16 (711) From the Chargé in Argentina
Advice that Finance Minister has agreed to a meeting with the head of the Exchange Control Office and the Embassy’s Commercial Attaché to ascertain the cause for a discrepancy appearing in statistics of Argentine exports to the United States.
273
June 6 (736) From the Ambassador in Argentina
Quotation from memorandum prepared by Exchange Control Office in reply to inquiry authorized in Department’s telegram No. 37, April 29.
274
June 27 (765) From the Ambassador in Argentina
Account of efforts made to obtain a definite appointment for the discussion agreed to by the Minister of Finance as reported in despatch No. 711, May 16.
275
Aug. 16 (833) From the Ambassador in Argentina
Commercial Attaché’s report dated August 16 (text printed) giving an account of his recent meetings with Finance Ministry officials on discrepancies in figures of Argentine exports to the United States.
276
Sept. 27 (897) From the Ambassador in Argentina
Commercial Attaché’s attempts to resume discussions with Finance Ministry in view of discovery of a specific case involving incorrect Argentine statistics on shipments of rye to the United States.
278

Efforts To Secure Equitable Treatment for American Creditors in the Servicing of Province of Buenos Aires Bonds

Date and number Subject Page
1935 July 18 From the Executive Vice President and Secretary of the Foreign Bondholders Protective Council, Inc.
Protest that American holders of dollar bonds of the Province of Buenos Aires are being discriminated against under terms of a recent proposal made by the Province to British holders of sterling bonds.
280
[Page XXXII]July 24 (109) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Instructions to make appropriate inquiries as to alleged discrimination by the Province of Buenos Aires against its dollar issues.
281
July 30 (158) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Receipt of advice that Foreign Bondholders Protective Council has withdrawn its complaint of discrimination.
282
Aug. 2 (112) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Instructions to make further investigation of discrimination matter in view of Council’s advice that it has not withdrawn its complaint.
282
Aug. 9 (167) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Pertinent points contained in report prepared by the Embassy’s Commercial Attaché on debt settlement by the Province of Buenos Aires.
283
Aug. 12 (170) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Advice that legal counsel for the Province of Buenos Aires maintains that there is legal justification for the Province’s proposal on dollar bonds.
283
Aug. 17 (182) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Suggestion that Department make inquiry of Bondholders Council as to status of its present negotiations, in view of information that Finance Minister of Province has improved his offer to American bondholders.
284
Aug. 23 (118) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Advice of Council’s request for further data from Province on new offer, and of Council’s fear of precipitate enactment of debt legislation by the Provincial legislature before full opportunity is afforded for negotiating.
284
Aug. 27 (190) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Information that Provincial executive holds full authority to refund the public debt, and that no further debt legislation is necessary.
285
Aug. 27 (121) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Council’s refusal to recommend acceptance of the Province’s latest offer to bondholders, but indication that it would recommend acceptance of an offer substantially the same as that made to the British.
285
Aug. 28 (192) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Receipt of advice that Finance Minister refuses to accept a counter offer recently suggested to him by the Bondholders Council.
286
Aug. 29 (193) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Embassy’s submission of letter, infra, to Under Secretary for Foreign Affairs.
287
Aug. 29 (853) From the Ambassador in Argentina
Letter dated August 27 to the Under Secretary for Foreign Affairs (text printed) outlining the debt settlement case and presenting the viewpoint of the Bondholders Council.
287
[Page XXXIII]Sept. 9 (199) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Information that debt negotiations are proceeding at a slow pace due to Provincial Finance Minister’s preoccupation with other matters.
290
Sept. 14 (203) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Inquiry as to status of negotiations going on in New York between the Bondholders Council and the Province’s representative.
290
Sept. 17 (124) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Advice that developments will be communicated as soon as they are reported by the Council.
291
Sept. 25 (284) To the Ambassador in Argentina
Authorization to make informal inquiry of the Foreign Minister as to when Bondholders Council may expect an answer to certain questions in recent telegrams to the Finance Minister.
291
Sept. 27 (220) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Answers to recent inquiries of Bondholders Council.
291
Oct. 2 From the Executive Vice President and Secretary of the Foreign Bondholders Protective Council, Inc.
Receipt of answers to inquiries.
292
Oct. 17 (142) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Desire of Bondholders Council for information as to amount included in Province’s 1936 budget for service of dollar bonds. Request for opinion as to whether Province’s last proposal is final and whether it is a reasonable one.
293
Oct. 21 (251) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Information desired by Council, and expression of opinion in answer to Department’s request.
293
Oct. 22 (252) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Advice that Embassy has been promised Finance Minister’s reply to telegram addressed to him by the Bondholders Council.
294
Oct. 23 (254) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Translation of Foreign Office letter dated October 21 (text printed) giving Finance Minister’s reply to Council’s telegram.
294
Oct. 29 (150) To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Instructions to express to Foreign Minister U. S. hope that the latest offer made by the Province of Buenos Aires to the Bondholders Council may be further adjusted so as to remedy the discrepancy between the terms offered American bondholders and those offered British bondholders.
295
Oct. 30 (265) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s promise to discuss matter with Finance Minister of Province.
296
Nov. 4 (269) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Finance Minister’s adjustment of offer and Council’s acceptance thereof.
296
[Page XXXIV]

Unperfected Sanitary Convention Between the United States and Argentina, Signed May 24, 1935

Date and number Subject Page
1935 May 24 Sanitary Convention Between the United States of America and the Republic of Argentina
Text of convention signed at Washington.
296

BRAZIL

Reciprocal Trade Agreement Between the United States and Brazil, Signed February 2, 1935

Date and number Subject Page
1935 (Note: Citation to texts of agreement, supplementary agreement, and exchange of notes.) 300
May 28 (98) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Authorization to express to Foreign Office Department’s hope for Brazil’s early ratification of the U. S.-Brazilian trade agreement.
300
June 6 (151) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Summary of opposition to the agreement; desire of the Brazilian Federation of Industries for its modification. Attitude assumed by Chargé in conversation with Brazilian officials.
301
June 10 (105) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Department’s views on situation as reported in Chargé’s No. 151, June 6, and approval of attitude he has assumed.
304
June 29 (167) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Report that there is lack of progress toward ratification, but that Foreign Minister shows no apprehension as to eventual ratification.
304
July 17 (176) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s efforts to bring members of the Congress into line for quick action on the agreement.
305
July 24 (124) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
For the Ambassador: Instructions to use every suitable opportunity to promote early ratification, and particularly to encourage activity by the Foreign Minister.
306
Aug. 3 (182) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s assurance that agreement will be ratified by the end of August.
307
Aug. 19 (191) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Foreign Office advice of probable further delay in ratification.
307
Aug. 21 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with Brazilian Counselor-Minister, who was informed that the Secretary of State is seriously concerned over continued delay in ratification.
308
Aug. 21 (135) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
For the Ambassador: Disappointment over prospect of further delay, and hope that early action may be taken along lines indicated in Department’s No. 124, July 24.
308
[Page XXXV]Aug. 23 (195) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s assurance that he will urge action for early ratification.
309
Aug. 23 (196) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Advice that the so-called class deputies in the Chamber of Deputies constitute the most active opposition to ratification.
309
Aug. 26 (197) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Fear that in spite of the Embassy’s best efforts, the ratification matter has been allowed to drift for so long that there is some doubt as to the eventual outcome.
310
Aug. 26 (137) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Instructions to impress upon the Foreign Minister that protracted delay in ratification will mean that American interests will more vigorously than before challenge the proposed trade agreement with Brazil.
311
Aug. 27 (200) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Conversation with the Foreign Minister, who indicated that he realized seriousness of the situation and would do everything possible to secure early ratification.
312
Aug. 27 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Conversation with Brazilian Counselor of Embassy, who was fully informed of U. S. serious concern over his Government’s continued failure to ratify the trade agreement.
313
Aug. 27 (202) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
President Vargas’ promise to take all possible measures to ensure early ratification.
315
Aug. 29 (206) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
President’s efforts to obtain adoption by the Chamber of Deputies of a more favorable attitude.
315
Sept. 12 (222) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Advice that trade agreement has been approved by the Chamber and will now go to the Senate for approval.
316
Oct. 1 (254) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s promise of steps to accelerate Senate approval, with indication that delay is of an exclusively bureaucratic nature.
316
Nov. 14 (292) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Information that trade agreement has been approved by the Senate and will probably be promulgated by the President of the Chamber of Deputies on November 16.
317
Nov. 18 (295) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Advice that trade agreement has been promulgated.
317
Nov. 29 (323) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Suggested procedure relative to exchange of ratifications, and request for Department’s authorization.
318
Dec. 1 (201) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Authorization for use of suggested procedure.
318
[Page XXXVI]Dec. 2 (332) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Advice that ratifications have been exchanged.
(Footnote: Information that agreement was proclaimed by the President of the United States, December 2, 1935, effective January 1, 1936.)
319
Dec. 20 (215) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Request for information regarding Brazilian policy on generalization of the tariff concessions granted the United States in the trade agreement.
319
Dec. 24 (349) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Information as to probable Brazilian action on generalizations, and relation thereto of a general plan to revise existing commercial agreements, beginning with the denunciation of those negotiated prior to January 1, 1934.
319
Dec. 31 (355) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
President’s signature of decree providing for revisions of all Brazil’s trade agreements except those concluded since January 1, 1934.
321

Representations Regarding American Blocked Funds in Brazil

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Jan. 2 (1) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Information of conference between certain Brazilian officials and the President, wherein it is believed that discussion was held on possible suspension of the foreign debt funding plan.
321
Jan. 3 (2) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Conversation with Souza Dantas, Director of Exchange Operations of the Bank of Brazil, who said that Brazil’s coffee exports had fallen off so markedly that there was not sufficient foreign exchange to make the payments required under the debt plan.
322
Jan. 4 (1) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Advice that Department has expressed concern to the Brazilian Ambassador over reports that his Government is intending to modify or suspend the debt plan.
323
Jan. 4 (2) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Instructions to request more exact information from Souza Dantas as to present exchange situation, and to make representations to Foreign Minister relative to remittances for payment of the January 1 service.
324
Jan. 5 (4) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Conversation with Souza Dantas, who stated that the total January 1st payments have been remitted.
325
Jan. 5 (5) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Expression of U. S. hope to the Foreign Minister that his Government can deny any intention of modifying or suspending the debt plan.
325
Jan. 7 (6) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Conversation with the Foreign Minister, who said that he favored a temporary modification of the debt plan, but that Souza Dantas favored suspending it.
326
[Page XXXVII]Jan. 8 (3) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Submission of certain questions which Department desires to have answered in connection with the current exchange situation.
327
Jan. 9 (10) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Answers to the Department’s questions, together with summary judgment of the situation.
327
Jan. 9 (11) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Conversation with Foreign Minister regarding the course to be followed by the financial delegation which his Government is planning to send to the United States.
329
Jan. 14 From the Brazilian Ambassador
Notification of the forthcoming arrival in the United States of a Brazilian financial delegation headed by the Finance Minister.
330
Jan. 15 (20) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Advice that official foreign exchange allotment to banks has been suspended; also that all local banks have been asked to give written evidence of their dealings in free market exchange from May 1934, to the present time.
330
Jan. 15 (21) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Report on efforts to obtain Foreign Minister’s views on the suspension measure, and on possible further restriction of the free exchange market.
331
Jan. 21 Memorandum by the Economic Adviser of a Conference With Brazilian Representatives
Substance of discussion on Brazilian Ambassador’s two suggested methods for clearing up Brazil’s deferred indebtedness to American interests.
332
Jan. 22 (23) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Report that American business community is becoming somewhat restive due to the continued suspension of official foreign exchange allotments.
333
Jan. 28 (11) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Advice of Brazilian financial delegation’s arrival and of views and program advanced by the Finance Minister in connection with Brazil’s foreign obligations.
333
Jan. 30 Memorandum of Agreement With the Brazilian Representatives
Prepared by Department officials and a representative of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York: Detailed analysis of the main aspects of U. S.-Brazilian exchange and financial relations, and proposals for solution of Brazil’s exchange control problem.
334
Jan. 31 (13) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Advice that Department has requested the Brazilian Ambassador and the Finance Minister to urge their Government to take steps for the resumption of official exchange allotments for American interests.
339
Feb. 2 (11) From the Brazilian Ambassador
Brazilian understanding of article 6, exchange provision, of the U. S.-Brazilian trade agreement.
340
[Page XXXVIII]Feb. 2 To the Brazilian Ambassador
Acknowledgment of Brazilian note and appreciation expressed for assurances contained therein.
341
Feb. 7 (17) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Request for advice as to whether allotments of official exchange have been resumed for U. S. imports in accordance with terms of the exchange of notes of February 2.
342
Feb. 8 (32) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Figures compiled by the local American Chamber of Commerce relating to the amount of new frozen American credits resulting from the recent exchange measures.
342
Feb. 8 (33) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Report on efforts to obtain Brazilian action toward resumption of exchange allotments.
343
Feb. 8 Memorandum by the Economic Adviser of a Conference With Brazilian Representatives
Discussion concerning a new plan regarding exchange control and allocation submitted by the Brazilian Ambassador and the Finance Minister to their Government.
343
Feb. 9 (34) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s efforts to obtain requisite action of his Government on the exchange allotment question.
345
Feb. 9 (20) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Request for summary of new exchange control and allocation plan, and of views as to its probable effect on American interests.
346
Feb. 14 (39) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Advice from Exchange Director of the Bank of Brazil that payments against the American backlog have been resumed and will be accelerated as much as possible within the next week.
347
Feb. 15 (41) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Government’s adoption of the new exchange plan; views as to its effect on American interests.
347
Feb. 16 (25) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Advice that Brazilian financial mission left the United States without having obtained the promise of a loan from banking interests in New York to fund the present deferred indebtedness.
349
Feb. 20 (45) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Advice that acceleration of official exchange has not materialized, as promised by the Exchange Director.
349
Feb. 22 (49) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Brazilian excuses for nonresumption of the flow of official exchange.
350
Feb. 25 (29) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Brazilian Ambassador’s views as to the best solution of the exchange allocation problem.
351
[Page XXXIX]Feb. 28 (31) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Instructions to make inquiry of the Foreign Minister as to what policy his Government intends to pursue relative to the deferred debt, and whether a precise date can be designated for a resumption of payments.
352
Mar. 1 (52) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Opinion that Brazilian authorities have no intention of either resuming the supply of official exchange or of giving any assurances thereon until after the Government’s financial delegation has returned from Europe.
352
Mar. 26 (71) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s inability to give any definite assurances on the American backlog situation.
353
Apr. 4 (79) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Advice that Bank of Brazil has commenced the liquidation of dollar contracts held by the National City Bank.
355
Apr. 11 (87) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Information of conversion action recommended by the National Foreign Trade Council to owners of deferred commercial indebtedness in Brazil.
355
Apr. 12 (53) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Request for views as to how rapidly total American deferred credits could be cleared up from Bank of Brazil’s reserves and Government’s quota of exchange.
356
Apr. 15 (93) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Estimate of three or four years to clear up frozen credits under certain conditions.
357
Apr. 17 (96) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Advice of local press reports that the Brazilian Ambassador in Washington estimates the total American frozen credits at only $10,000,000.
357
Apr. 17 To the Brazilian Ambassador
Memorandum presenting Department’s two suggested methods for expeditious settlement of deferred indebtedness question.
358
Apr. 24 (63) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Instructions to request of Finance Minister as much detail as possible of the method now being considered by the Brazilian Government for solution of the debt problem.
359
Apr. 25 (65) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Emphasis on view that the adequacy of Brazil’s proposed method will naturally depend on the actual details of the plan.
360
Apr. 25 (106) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Submission of certain questions relating to classification of small creditors and treatment to be accorded Class C creditors.
361
Apr. 27 (68) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Department’s views on the questions submitted.
361
[Page XL]Apr. 29 (110) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Chargé’s assumption that he should attempt to reconcile any divergence in views of Department and those of Finance Minister; comments on situation, and request for instructions.
363
Apr. 30 (70) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Department’s desire to have certain specific recommendations discussed with Finance Minister.
364
May 1 (73) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Instructions to convey to Finance Minister Department’s suggested method for dealing with the question of American deferred credits.
365
May 2 (74) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Supplementary information relative to preferred method for handling of Class C creditors—i. e., by individual exchange of letters between the Bank of Brazil and the creditor.
366
May 3 (116) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Explanation to the Finance Minister of Department’s preferred method for handling Class C creditors.
367
May 3 (117) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Opinion that the method for handling of Class C creditors set forth in Department’s telegram No. 74, May 2, would be far less desirable than an emission of Bank of Brazil notes.
369
May 4 (77) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Instructions to endeavor to obtain Finance Minister’s agreement to the issuance of Bank of Brazil notes in case other forms of obligations are unsatisfactory to American creditors.
370
May 4 (78) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Advice of circumstance in which Class C creditors might find it more advantageous to refrain from requesting Brazilian payment of interest.
370
May 6 (81) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Opposition of American Class C creditors to method outlined in Department’s telegram No. 74, May 2.
371
May 7 (121) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Conference with Finance Minister, who disclosed that he was endeavoring to raise a loan to take care of American small creditors and reiterated his intention to pay off credits covered by closed exchange contracts at once.
371
May 7 (122) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Preference of local American business interests for Bank of Brazil’s issuance of interest-bearing obligations in settlement of Class C credits.
372
May 7 (83) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Advice that Foreign Trade Council also prefers settlement by Bank of Brazil notes.
373
May 8 (84) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Summary of all of Department’s previous suggestions as to what would constitute a satisfactory settlement for American holders of deferred balances.
373
[Page XLI]May 9 (128) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Advice that an aide-mémoire containing Department’s suggestions has been submitted to the Finance Minister.
375
May 11 (129) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Report on effort made to expedite Finance Minister’s reply to the aide-mémoire.
375
May 14 (87) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Plan for direct conversations on the deferred credit situation between the Brazilian Ambassador in Washington and representatives of American creditors.
376
June 1 (147) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Approximate amount of American frozen credits based on Bank of Brazil’s figures.
376
June 19 (161) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Transmittal of (1) resolution adopted by the Brazilian Foreign Trade Council (text printed) providing for the creation of a new German-Brazilian compensation arrangement, and (2) Finance Ministry’s note (text printed) explaining Council’s resolution.
376
June 19 (162) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Conversation with Exchange Director of the Bank of Brazil regarding implementation of the new compensation arrangement.
378
June 21 (114) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Instructions to convey to Foreign Minister Department’s views relative to possible detrimental effect of new arrangement on American export trade.
379
June 22 (165) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s attitude toward Department’s views.
379
July 31 (743) From the Chargé in Brazil.
Advice that members of the American Chamber of Commerce in Brazil feel that the German-Brazilian compensation arrangement will automatically cease when the U. S.-Brazilian trade agreement and exchange of notes come into force.
381
Nov. 5 (181) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Request for information as to whether small American frozen credits will be accorded a cash payment similar to that accorded under terms of the Brazilian-British frozen credits agreement.
382
Nov. 8 (286) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Information from the Minister of Finance on steps taken with respect to American frozen credits.
382
Nov. 19 (299) From the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Transmittal of Enabling Act (text printed) for settlement of American frozen credits being considered by Chamber of Deputies.
383
Nov. 20 (190) To the Chargé in Brazil (tel.)
Instructions to endeavor to obtain elimination of one phrase in article 1 of the Enabling Act.
384
[Page XLII]Nov. 21 (301) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Finance Minister’s approval of a substitute phrase suggested by the Embassy.
384
Dec. 3 (333) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Advice that Chamber has approved the Enabling Act and that it will now go to the President for signature.
385
Dec. 9 (338) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
President’s signature of Enabling Act.
385
Dec. 20 (214) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Request for information as to amount of cash payment Brazil contemplates making on American frozen credits, and the maturity of the dollar frozen credit notes to be issued.
385
Dec. 21 (346) From the Ambassador in Brazil(tel.)
Information as requested by Department.
386

Promise by the Brazilian Government of Support to the United States in Case of Conflict With Japan

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Dec. 27 (352) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Brazilian offer to the United States of wholehearted support and cooperation in the event of an outbreak of hostilities with Japan.
387
1936 Jan. 2 (1) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Instructions to express to Foreign Minister U. S. appreciation for the friendly spirit manifested by his Government.
388

Supplementary Agreements Further Amending the Agreement of May 10, 1934, as Amended by the Supplementary Agreement of July 21 and 23, 1934, Providing for a Military Mission From the United States to Brazil, Effected by Exchanges of Notes, Signed June 20 and October 29, 1935, and November 9 and December 16 and 19, 1935

Date and number Subject Page
1935 (Note: Citation to texts of agreements.) 388

CHILE

Preliminary Discussions Respecting a Trade Agreement Between the United States and Chile

Date and number Subject Page
1935 July 30 (176) To the Chargé in Chile
Instructions to enter into informal conversation with Foreign Minister looking toward possible negotiation of a U. S.-Chilean trade agreement; memorandum (text printed) outlining the basic principles of U. S. commercial policy.
389
Oct. 18 (493) From the Chargé in Chile
Report of efforts made to obtain a definite indication of Chilean willingness to enter into a trade agreement with the United States.
393
[Page XLIII]

Informal Representations to the Chilean Government Regarding Alleged Discrimination Against American Interests in Letting Contract for Railroad Cars

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Dec. 20 (85) To the Chargé in Chile (tel.)
Instructions to make informal representations to Chilean authorities if investigation discloses existence of discrimination against American interests in favor of German in exchange rates relative to sale of railroad equipment.
394
Dec. 29 (255) From the Chargé in Chile
Results of conversations with Under Secretary for Foreign Affairs on discrimination question, and opinion that the pending Chilean order for railway equipment will go to Germany, largely because of the brief time period allowed between calling for bids and their opening.
395
1935 Jan. 25 (107) To the Chargé in Chile
Instructions to express informally to Foreign Minister U. S. hope that American concerns will have the opportunity to bid on even terms with other foreign concerns for future supplies of the Chilean Government and state-owned enterprises.
398

Efforts of the Department of State To Secure Equitable Treatment for American Interests With Respect to Chilean Exchange Restrictions

Date and number Subject Page
1935 June 21 (41) To the Chargé in Chile (tel.)
Request for views as to whether Chilean Government has discriminated against American commerce in a specific case involving proposed Chilean purchase of mill equipment and motors from the International Machinery Company at Santiago.
398
June 24 (68) From the Chargé in Chile (tel.)
Opinion that no discrimination is taking place in the case cited, but belief that Finance Minister has discriminated in the past in making exchange available from blocked nitrate accounts at rates lower than the prevailing commercial rates.
399
July 9 (395) From the Chargé in Chile
Observations on recent exchange developments which have disturbed American-Chilean trade relations, particular emphasis being placed on Government’s check on the importation of U. S. automotive products and radios.
400
July 27 (415) From the Chargé in Chile
Detailed summary of results of conference with Chilean authorities on exchange restrictions having the most obstructive effect on American commerce.
404
July 31 (423) From the Chargé in Chile
Analysis of the Chilean position on exchange matters; suggested draft of a note to be submitted to Foreign Office (text printed) outlining U. S. attitude toward the most recent restrictions.
406
Aug. 6 (430) From the Chargé in Chile
Foreign Office memorandum of August 2 (text printed) explaining the necessity for imposition of restrictions on imports of American automobiles and radios.
411
[Page XLIV]Aug. 7 (432) From the Chargé in Chile
Information on case involving Chilean purchase of German railway equipment, wherein Chilean Finance Minister is believed to have supplied exchange from blocked nitrate funds at preferential rates.
413
Aug. 13 (49) To the Chargé in Chile (tel.)
Authorization to present to Foreign Office the note transmitted in Chargés despatch No. 423, July 31.
416
Aug. 16 (441) From the Chargé in Chile
Presentation of note, dated August 13, to the Under Secretary for Foreign Affairs on August 14; summary of his comments.
416
Aug. 28 (454) From the Chargé in Chile
Chilean reply, dated August 23 (text printed), to U. S. note; detailed comments thereon.
417
Sept. 10 (53) To the Chargé in Chile (tel.)
Conversation with Counselor of the Chilean Embassy, who requested clarification of certain phraseology contained in the U. S. note.
421
Oct. 29 (500) From the Chargé in Chile
Advice of two new developments in the Chilean exchange situation which adversely affect American commerce in Chile.
421

Discrimination Against Foreigners in Fees Chargéd for Registration of Patents and Trade Marks in Chile

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Jan. 21 (275) From the Chargé in Chile
Chilean discrimination against foreigners by provision of payment for patent and trade mark registration in local currency, necessitating the payment of a large gold surcharge.
423
Apr. 30 (142) To the Ambassador in Chile
Communication from a New York law firm indicating that Chilean requirement of extra charges is discriminatory against American nationals as compared with citizens of France.
425
June 10 (377) From the Chargé in Chile
Information of pending Chilean legislation for removal of the existing discrimination against American patent and trade mark applicants.
426
Nov. 12 (10) From the Ambassador in Chile
Advice that Chamber of Deputies failed to pass trade marks legislation, but that debate thereon leads to opinion that a foreign applicant might possibly escape the surcharge by presenting his application through a Chilean citizen.
427
Dec. 12 (23) To the Ambassador in Chile
Department’s view that it seems doubtful that Chilean authorities would agree to adoption of the procedure mentioned; request for clarification.
428
[Page XLV]1936 Jan. 9 (68) From the Ambassador in Chile
Concurrence in Department’s view after conversation with official of the Ministry of Fomento.
429

COLOMBIA

Reciprocal Trade Agreement Between the United States and Colombia, Signed September 13, 1935

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Jan. 17 (10) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Advice that Colombian officials hope to hold their first meeting next week to consider revised proposals of the United States for a commercial treaty with Colombia.
430
Jan. 23 (3) To the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Instructions to express to Foreign Minister Department’s desire for an early reply to the U. S. proposals.
431
Jan. 23 (11) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Information concerning report on U. S. proposals prepared by the Finance Minister and submitted to the President; Finance Minister’s opinion that U. S. changes are fundamental and that fresh negotiations should be undertaken.
431
Jan. 24 (12) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Inquiry as to whether Department still desires that conversation be held with the Foreign Minister in accordance with instructions in telegram No. 3, January 23.
432
Jan. 24 (5) To the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Confirmation of earlier instructions, and indication of readiness to send an expert to explain U. S. proposals.
433
Jan. 25 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with Colombian Commercial Attaché, who was informed of Department’s interest in obtaining early expression of his Government’s views on the U. S. proposals.
433
Feb. 8 (13) To the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Inquiry as to whether Colombia has indicated any modifications or suggestions respecting the draft trade agreement.
434
Feb. 8 (25) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Advice that apparently no decision has been reached, but that Foreign Minister Olaya has promised his early attention to the matter.
435
Feb. 13 (28) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Olaya’s indication that Government’s advisers in the treaty matter have not adopted a favorable attitude toward the U. S. proposals.
435
Feb. 16 (536) From the Chargé in Colombia
Reasons behind Colombia’s delay in giving a reply to the U. S. proposals.
436
[Page XLVI]Feb. 21 (32) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Information that Colombia will be ready to proceed with treaty negotiations in Washington following presentation of credentials by the newly appointed Minister to the United States.
437
Mar. 6 (571) From the Chargé in Colombia
Advice that new Minister’s credentials are being sent to him, but that his instructions for treaty negotiations will be somewhat delayed.
438
May 22 (28) From the Minister in Colombia
Information that Government officials appear to be unacquainted with the status of the treaty negotiations currently taking place in Washington between the Department and the Colombian Minister.
438
May 27 Memorandum by Mr. Donald R. Heath of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with the Colombian Minister regarding certain objections of his Government to the draft treaty.
439
July 18 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State (Welles) to the Assistant Secretary of State (Sayre)
Conversation with Colombian Minister, who gave a favorable account of his recent visit to Bogotá to expedite agreement.
440
(Note: Citation to text of trade agreement signed September 13, 1935.) 442

Informal Representations to the Colombian Government Regarding Effects of Colombian-German Exchange Arrangements on American Trade

Date and number Subject Page
1935 June 1 (38) To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Instructions to submit a report on developments in Colombian-German trade relations which have occurred since the establishment of a compensated trade system between the two countries.
442
June 3 (54) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Information requested, with emphasis on adverse effect on American trade of the German-Colombian system.
443
June 19 (60) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Advice that use of compensation marks by a German competitor threatens to deprive American bidders of a Colombian contract involving the Bogotá waterworks.
(Footnote: Later information that Colombia accepted the bid of American firms.)
443
July 6 (46) To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Instructions to bring to the attention of Colombian authorities the U. S. attitude toward restrictive exchange agreements such as that in effect between Colombia and Germany.
444
[Page XLVII]July 31 (164) From the Minister in Colombia
Informal discussion with Foreign Minister relative to the disadvantages under which American businessmen labor as a result of the competitive advantages accruing to German exporters.
444
Sept. 10 (234) From the Minister in Colombia
Presentation of U. S. point of view to the Chief of the Exchange Control Office during a conversation in which the Colombian official expressed dissatisfaction with the low “coffee mark” rates.
(Footnote: Information that an agreement adjusting German-Colombian trade relations was signed November 5.)
446

COSTA RICA

Negotiations Respecting a Trade Agreement Between the United States and Costa Rica

Date and number Subject Page
1935 July 3 (22) To the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)
Information that general provisions of proposed trade agreement with Costa Rica will be sent shortly for presentation to that Government.
449
July 17 (778) From the Chargé in Costa Rica
Beginning of discussions with the Foreign Minister, who seemed to take a favorable attitude toward lists of commodities submitted, except the reduction of duty on flour.
449
Aug. 15 (807) From the Minister in Costa Rica
Memorandum of conversation (text printed) with the Foreign Minister and the Finance Minister on the proposed trade agreement. Detailed comments on Costa Rican trade situation and on attitude of the Government toward the proposed trade agreement.
451
Sept. 6 (840) From the Minister in Costa Rica
Interview with President Jiménez, who indicated that trade negotiations would be resumed shortly, and that he desired U. S. withdrawal of request for a reduction of duty on flour.
457
Sept. 18 (35) To the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)
Authorization to withdraw the requested duty reduction on flour.
460
Oct. 7 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Record of conversation with the Costa Rican Foreign Minister (on an unofficial visit to the United States), during which U. S. aims in promoting the reciprocal trade agreements program were explained.
460
Dec. 9 (962) From the Minister in Costa Rica
Information relating to Costa Rica’s most recent counterproposal for concessions to be included in the trade agreement, and account of the numerous conversations held with Government officials in an attempt to speed negotiations.
461
[Page XLVIII]

Representations to the Costa Rican Government in Support of the Claim of the Simmons Construction Company

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Aug. 6 (99) From the American Minister in Costa Rica to the Costa Rican Minister for Foreign Affairs
Presentation of a claim on behalf of the Simmons Construction Co. for damages sustained as a result of alleged violation by the Costa Rican Government of a highway construction contract.
464
1935 May 27 (724) From the Chargé in Costa Rica
Transmittal of Foreign Minister’s reply to U. S. note of August 6, 1934, contending that U. S. claim was formulated on basis of erroneous information received from Simmons Co.
469
July 12 (182) To the Chargé in Costa Rica
Instructions to make formal representations to the Foreign Office setting forth U. S. position in support of the Simmons claim.
470
Aug. 16 (202) To the Minister in Costa Rica
Authorization to make formal acknowledgment of the Costa Rican communication transmitted in despatch No. 724, May 27, pending delivery of the detailed reply in accordance with instruction No. 182 of July 12.
470
Sept. 27 (109) From the American Minister in Costa Rica to the Costa Rican Acting Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
Text of note embodying content of Department’s instruction No. 182, July 12.
471
Oct. 3 (878) From the Minister in Costa Rica
Transmittal of Costa Rican reply to note of September 27, advising that Legation will be informed “opportunely” of the Government’s attitude.
(Footnote: Information that no further correspondence on this case has been found in Department files.)
474

CUBA

Attitude of the United States Government Towards the Cuban Elections

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Mar. 4 (24) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Statement for the press (text printed) which Department plans to issue in connection with the forthcoming Cuban elections being held to provide for the passage from the existing system of provisional government to that of constitutional government.
476

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

Efforts of the United States To Protect American Business Interests in the Dominican Republic

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Apr. 4 (11) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Arrest of Amadeo Barletta, honorary Italian Consul, and president of Santo Domingo Motors Company and of Dominican Tobacco Company, in both of which American citizens, including officers of General Motors Export Company and Penn Tobacco Company, hold stock.
478
[Page XLIX]Apr. 16 (8) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Advice from General Motors that they have advanced large sums to Barletta as working capital, and that in order to protect their interests they are sending a representative, Todd, to Santo Domingo; authorization to lend informal good offices to Todd.
478
Apr. 17 (20) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Steps taken by the Dominican Government tending to give the matter a political complexion.
479
Apr. 18 (22) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Arrival of Todd, and his hesitation to ask for Legation’s good offices in arranging to see Barletta, apparently because of a recent law which seems peculiarly applicable to the Barletta case.
479
Apr. 19 (23) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Advice that a letter has been sent to the Foreign Minister, upon request from Todd, asking that arrangements be made for Todd to communicate with Barletta.
(Footnote: Foreign Minister’s reply, April 23, indicating that judge in charge has stated that Barletta was held incommunicado.)
480
Apr. 19 (11) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Authorization, in view of request of Penn Tobacco Company, to cable confidential report on the situation by Marcus, manager of Dominican Tobacco Company.
480
Apr. 20 (24) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Information from Marcus that his company’s products have been boycotted; suggestion that representations may be timely against discrimination to the detriment of American-owned enterprise.
481
Apr. 22 (13) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Instructions to submit to Foreign Minister a memorandum (text printed) embodying U. S. views on any Dominican action which might prejudice interests of the Penn Tobacco Company.
481
Apr. 23 (2410) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Conversations with the Italian Minister relating to his Government’s attitude toward the imprisonment of Consul Barletta.
482
Apr. 24 (29) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Delivery of memorandum to Foreign Minister as instructed in telegram No. 13, April 22, and his assurances that no action detrimental to the Penn Tobacco Company will be taken.
482
Apr. 28 (33) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Advice of publication of law No. 893 which aims at the seizure of all Barletta properties under jurisdiction of a court-appointed administrator, and suggestion that Dominican Government be advised as to reservation of all rights on behalf of American nationals adversely affected by the law.
483
Apr. 29 (2436) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Government’s proposed levy of a $2,000 fine on the Dominican Tobacco Company for alleged violation of certain internal revenue legislation.
484
[Page L]Apr. 30 (14) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Authorization to make reservation of rights as suggested in telegram No. 33, April 28.
485
May 2 (17) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Instructions to address formal note to the Dominican Government protesting against actions which have compelled the Dominican Tobacco Corporation to suspend operations and caused losses to American interests involved.
485
May 2 (18) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Instructions to address formal note to the Dominican Government inquiring whether proceedings announced in pursuance of law No. 893 are intended to affect the Santo Domingo Motors Company.
486
May 3 (21) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Instructions to address formal note to the Foreign Minister reiterating request made on April 19 that the representative of General Motors be given an opportunity to confer with Barletta.
486
May 9 (23) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Instructions to protest Government’s complaint against the Dominican Tobacco Company, reported in despatch No. 2436, April 29, and to request prompt remission of the fine imposed upon the company.
487
May 10 (51) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Conversation with the Italian Minister, who inquired as to what cooperation he might expect from the United States in support of a possible peremptory demand on his part for Barletta’s release.
488
May 10 (2483) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Note addressed to the Foreign Minister May 10 (text printed), as directed in Department’s telegram No. 23, May 9.
489
May 14 (58) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Advice that Barletta is still imprisoned and that manager of the Dominican Tobacco Company has met with no success in attempting to communicate with him.
491
May 14 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation between the Secretary of State and the Dominican Minister, wherein the latter was handed a memorandum (infra) and was advised of U. S. displeasure over Dominican treatment accorded Mr. Barletta and certain American interests in recent months.
492
May 14 To the Dominican Legation
Memorandum outlining in detail specific examples of illegal and arbitrary actions imposed by the Dominican Government upon both American nationals and interests.
494
May 14 (25) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Advice of the conversation held with the Dominican Minister and of the memorandum given to him.
498
[Page LI]May 16 (63) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Information from Italian Minister of his conversation with Barletta; suggestion that Foreign Office should be requested to remit costs of proceedings assessed upon the Dominican Tobacco Company.
499
May 17 (26) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Authorization to address note to the Dominican Government along lines suggested.
499
May 18 (67) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Advice that note will be delivered to Foreign Office within an hour or so.
500
May 18 (68) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Italian Minister’s delivery of a formal note to the Dominican Government demanding the unconditional and immediate release of Barletta.
500
May 18 (70) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Conversation with the Dominican Minister to the United States, who arrived in Santo Domingo to discuss with President Trujillo pending issues between the United States and the Dominican Republic.
500
May 18 Memorandum by the Under Secretary of State
Conversation with the Italian Ambassador, who advised that his Government will demand Barletta’s unconditional freedom and that freedom on bond will not be accepted.
501
May 20 (74) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s attempt to evade answering Italian note reported in telegram No. 68, May 18, by stating that the Barletta case is in the hands of the courts.
502
May 20 (28) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Authorization to urge President Trujillo to withdraw charges against Barletta, calling attention to injury to American interests and discredit to the Pan American community resulting from his imprisonment.
502
May 21 (76) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Conference with President Trujillo, who gave general assurances of satisfactory action and personal attention to matters at issue between his Government and the United States.
503
May 21 (77) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Barletta’s unconditional release following promise made by President Trujillo to the Italian Minister.
505
May 29 (84) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Reversal by Court of Appeals of decision which imposed a fine of $2,000 on the Dominican Tobacco Company, condemned Barletta to 2 years’ imprisonment, and demanded payment of costs of proceedings.
505
[Page LII]

ECUADOR

Proposal for a Modus Vivendi Between the United States and Ecuador Providing for Unconditional Most-Favored-Nation Treatment in Commercial Matters

Date and number Subject Page
1935 May 1 (38) From the Minister in Ecuador
Foreign Minister’s request that Department be informed of Ecuador’s desire to enter into negotiations looking toward conclusion of a reciprocal commercial treaty with the United States.
506
May 15 (29) From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Advice that President has joined Foreign Minister in reiteration of their Government’s desire to begin negotiation of a trade treaty.
506
Sept. 4 (52) To the Minister in Ecuador
Department’s desire to defer discussions with Ecuador until after trade agreement negotiations have been instituted with several other countries to which preliminary intentions have already been communicated.
507
Oct. 28 (161) From the Minister in Ecuador
Conversation with the Foreign Minister relative to the discriminatory effects on American commerce of the Ecuadoran-French modus vivendi signed on July 9.
507
Oct. 28 (162) From the Minister in Ecuador
Foreign Minister’s insistence upon expediency of immediate initiation of trade negotiations; opinion that Department might wish to consider proposing a special modus vivendi pending conclusion of a definitive commercial treaty.
509
Nov. 8 (177) From the Minister in Ecuador
Conversation with Under Secretary for Foreign Affairs in further reference to the existing discrimination against American products resulting from the Ecuadoran-French modus vivendi.
510
Dec. 24 (84) To the Minister in Ecuador
Department’s decision to make a formal proposal to the Ecuadoran Government for a most-favored-nation modus vivendi pending the opportunity to initiate trade agreement negotiations.
512
Dec. 26 To the Ecuadoran Chargé
Transmittal of draft of a proposed modus vivendi with Ecuador looking toward regularization of commercial relations between the two countries.
(Footnote: Information that draft is identic with English text of notes exchanged June 12, 1936.)
513
[Page LIII]

Expression of Concern by the United States Government Regarding Ecuadoran Fishing Regulations Purporting To Extend the Territorial Waters of Ecuador Beyond the Three-Mile Limit

Date and number Subject Page
1935 June 1 (23) To the Minister in Ecuador
Instructions to present a note to the Foreign Minister (text printed) embodying Department’s views on recent imposition by Ecuadoran authorities of a $200 fine on an American fishing vessel said to have been fishing in territorial waters prohibited by Ecuadoran fishing regulations.
514
Oct. 3 (59) To the Minister in Ecuador
Instructions to allow the fishing violation matter to remain pending in view of advice that Ecuadoran Foreign Office and War Ministry desire further time to discuss the situation and reach an agreement.
517

Interest of the United States in Possible Internationalization of the Galápagos Islands for the Protection of Fauna and for Strategic Reasons

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Jan. 10 To President Roosevelt
Discussion of the importance to U. S. Government of the possible acquisition by the United States of control of the Galápagos Islands for the purpose of forestalling any possible use of the Islands by a hostile power.
517
Feb. 4 Memorandum by President Roosevelt to the Assistant Secretary of State
Request that Assistant Secretary discuss with the Secretary a plan whereby Ecuador would be approached with a suggestion of converting the islands into a Pan American international park in view of their interesting flora and fauna.
519
June 21 (176) From the British Ambassador
British interest in establishment of protection for fauna of the Galápagos Islands; inquiry as to whether U. S. Minister at Quito might be instructed to cooperate with his British colleague in obtaining views of the Ecuadoran Government.
519
July 11 (85) From the Minister in Ecuador
Advice of British approach for possible joint action with the United States looking toward internationalization of the Galapagos Islands, and comments on their strategic position.
520
July 20 To the British Ambassador
Opinion that it is inadvisable to approach Ecuador on possible internationalization of the Islands, since it is understood that Ecuador has already taken preliminary legislative action for protection of the fauna there.
522
July 22 (44) To the Minister in Ecuador
Instructions to express to the Foreign Minister the U. S. interest in protection of flora and fauna of the Western Hemisphere, and gratification over Ecuadoran legislative action already taken.
523
[Page LIV]Aug. 8 (97) From the Minister in Ecuador
Information that the British Chargé has requested Ecuadoran views as to possibility of converting one or more of the islands into a nature sanctuary under supervision of the Ecuadoran Government.
524
Sept. 16 (125) From the Minister in Ecuador
Advice that Foreign Office reply to British inquiry is favorable toward the proposed conversion of one of the Galápagos Islands into a nature sanctuary.
525
Sept. 19 (133) From the Minister in Ecuador
Interview with the Foreign Minister, who expressed interest in establishing a park on the Galápagos Islands to be used by all the Latin American Republics and perhaps the United States for scientific studies of bird and animal life.
526

Revolution in Ecuador

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Aug. 8 (98) From the Minister in Ecuador
Analysis of the internal political situation in Ecuador, which finds President Velasco Ibarra facing the threat of impeachment proceedings by opposition members of Congress.
527
Aug. 20 (40) From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Advice that opposition majority in the Senate has refused to attend further sessions of Congress because of mob violence against certain of their members, and that President has countered by issuing a decree to convoke a constitutional assembly in October.
530
Aug. 20 From the Consul General at Guayaquil (tel.)
Apparent failure of attempted dictatorship of President Velasco Ibarra; imprisonment of some officials; release of 25 citizens previously arrested by President’s orders.
531
Aug. 20 (41) From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Army’s arrest of President following his decree convoking constitutional assembly for October; establishment of its control in Quito and Guayaquil.
531
Aug. 21 (42) From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Congressional approval of Antonio Pons, the Army’s choice for office of Acting President.
532
Aug. 23 (43) From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Advice of opposition to Pons from liberal radical groups, and of difficulty being experienced in formation of a Cabinet.
532
Sept. 26 From the Consul General at Guayaquil (tel.)
Information that Army has declared a dictatorship at Quito and appointed Federico Paez, former Public Works Minister, as Provisional President.
532
[Page LV]Sept. 27 From the Consul General at Guayaquil (tel.)
Opposition of the Guayaquil troops to the military movement at Quito.
533
Sept. 28 (45) From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Army’s delegation of presidential power to Paez, who has announced his intention to initiate immediate social reforms.
533
Sept. 29 (46) From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Consolidation of position of de facto government; withdrawal of opposition of troops at Guayaquil; Paez manifesto announcing regime will remain in power only for period necessary to formulate and approve new constitution.
534
Oct. 1 (22) To the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Request for information as to constitutionality of Paez regime, reforms contemplated, and whether official communication has been received from the Foreign Minister announcing assumption of power by Paez government.
534
Oct. 2 (47) From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Report that present administration apparently is firmly established, and quotation (text printed) from a communication sent by the Foreign Minister advising of government’s intention to continue the cultivation of friendly relations with the United States.
535
Oct. 8 (23) To the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Instructions to obtain confirmation of Department’s understanding that new government intends to fulfill its international obligations, after which note may be sent to Foreign Minister indicating U. S. willingness to continue maintenance of its cordial relations with the government of Ecuador.
536
Oct. 8 (50) From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Extension of recognition to the new government by Chile and Mexico, with Peruvian and Colombian recognition to follow shortly.
536
Oct. 10 (51) From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Confirmation of Department’s understanding as set forth in its telegram No. 23, October 8, and transmittal of note (text printed) delivered to Foreign Minister extending official recognition to the de facto Government of Ecuador.
537
Oct. 11 (27) To the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Regret over use of the words “de facto” in text of note to the Foreign Minister.
537
Oct. 12 (52) From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Explanation of reason for inclusion of the words “de facto” in text of note.
538
Oct. 15 (28) To the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Indication that purpose of this telegram is solely to remove any possible doubt Minister may have regarding recognition; that Department considers that full recognition has been extended.
538
[Page LVI]

EL SALVADOR

Negotiations Respecting a Reciprocal Trade Agreement Between the United States and El Salvador

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Feb. 15 (78) To the Minister in El Salvador
Transmittal of copies of Standard General Provisions for study with reference to proposed trade agreement with El Salvador.
539
Mar. 27 (91) To the Minister in El Salvador
Information concerning concessions and assurances which the United States is prepared to grant El Salvador.
539
Mar. 30 (93) To the Minister in El Salvador
Transmittal of Country Committee’s report on concessions and assurances desired from El Salvador.
540
Apr. 6 (99) To the Minister in El Salvador
Instructions to submit to Salvadoran Government an aide-mémoire (text printed), together with schedule I, the list of concessions and assurances desired from El Salvador.
541
Apr. 13 (213) From the Minister in El Salvador
Proposal to delay presentation of list of concessions until conclusion of conversations regarding revision of Loan Contract of 1922.
543
May 1 (26) To the Minister in El Salvador (tel.)
Instructions to proceed with presentation of schedule I, in view of probability that loan negotiations will be protracted.
544
May 3 (25) From the Minister in El Salvador (tel.)
Compliance with Department’s instructions.
544
May 13 (248) From the Minister in El Salvador
Note from the Foreign Ministry (text printed) stating that a study of the U. S. proposals will be made.
544
July 12 (132) To the Chargé in El Salvador
Instructions to make informal representations relative to inconsistency of recent tariff increase during period of trade agreement negotiations.
545
July 19 (337) From the Chargé in El Salvador
Submission to Salvadoran Government of the draft of General Provisions for incorporation in proposed trade agreement.
546
Aug. 1 (139) To the Minister in El Salvador
Instructions to make arrangements with the Foreign Ministry to proceed with negotiations on an ad referendum basis.
546
Aug. 9 (365) From the Minister in El Salvador
Interview with the Foreign Minister to make arrangements as instructed.
548
Sept. 23 (425) From the Minister in El Salvador
Report of slow progress in negotiations.
548
Oct. 11 (444) From the Minister in El Salvador
Explanation of reasons for the continuing delay in conclusion of negotiations.
549
[Page LVII]Oct. 31 (473) From the Chargé in El Salvador
Memorandum from the Finance Ministry (text printed) unfavorable to treaty; Legation’s reply (text printed) to counteract effect.
550
Dec. 4 (172) To the Chargé in El Salvador
Instructions to urge Salvadoran Government to submit its desiderata for U. S. consideration.
563
Dec. 7 (519) From the Minister in El Salvador
Advice that Department of Hacienda has completed its studies of the proposed trade agreement.
564
Dec. 28 (532) From the Minister in El Salvador
Account of conversations with the President and with the Acting Foreign Minister, indicating developments in the trade agreement negotiations. Expectation of a definite proposal from El Salvador soon.
564

Informal Assistance by the Department of State to Representatives of the Holders of Salvadoran Bonds Under the Loan Contract of June 24, 1922

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Jan. 24 Memorandum by the Assistant Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with Mr. Lisman, Chairman of the Bondholders Protective Committee for the Republic of El Salvador, regarding the Committee’s desire to have its proposed modifications to the ad referendum agreement of 1934 accepted by the Salvadoran Government.
568
Jan. 25 (4) To the Minister in El Salvador (tel.)
Authorization to approach Salvadoran Government informally expressing the hope that an agreement satisfactory to both parties may be reached.
569
Feb. 25 (80) To the Minister in El Salvador
Instructions sanctioning omission from the revised agreement of any reference involving Government of the United States, should the question arise.
569
Feb. 25 To the Chairman of the Bondholders Protective Committee for the Republic of El Salvador
Request for information relative to possible deductions from cash payments under proposed permanent revised agreement.
570
Mar. 2 From the Chairman of the Bondholders Protective Committee for the Republic of El Salvador
Information requested in the Department’s letter of February 25.
571
Mar. 4 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Visit from Mr. Fred Lavis, of the Bondholders Committee, to discuss and clarify position of the Committee; Department’s nonobjection to Legation’s continuance of efforts to facilitate discussions between Committee and Salvadoran Government.
572
[Page LVIII]Mar. 6 From the Chairman of the Bondholders Protective Committee for the Republic of El Salvador
Verification of the points discussed March 4.
574
Apr. 5 (17) To the Minister in El Salvador (tel.)
Instructions to inform orally the Salvadoran Government and the Committee’s representative of Department’s position relative to treatment of nondepositing bondholders.
575
Apr. 30 (231) From the Minister in El Salvador
Information regarding impasse in negotiations for proposed revision of the 1922 Loan Contract.
576
May 4 (27) To the Minister in El Salvador (tel.)
Instructions to express informally the hope that a satisfactory agreement may be reached.
578
May 9 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with Mr. R. W. Hebard, of the Committee, regarding stalemate in the negotiations, and his inquiry as to whether Department could take any action in support of Committee; explanation of Department’s position.
578
May 11 (245) From the Minister in El Salvador
Advice of departure for New York of Committee’s representative after unsatisfactory interview with President Martínez.
579
Oct. 7 (43) To the Minister in El Salvador (tel.)
Instructions to explain to the Salvadoran Government the broad nature of investigations being conducted by the Securities and Exchange Commission, in the event of any comment in connection with Commission’s scheduled public hearing on the Salvadoran bond situation.
580
Oct. 9 Memorandum by the Secretary of State of a Conversation With the Salvadoran Minister
Minister’s reference to problem of proper and reasonable adjustments in the bond situation, on eve of his departure for El Salvador to make report.
581
Dec. 5 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Discussion between Assistant Secretary Welles and Mr. Fred Lavis regarding satisfactory adjustment of certain details in the negotiations between Committee and Salvadoran Government.
581
Dec. 7 From the Salvadoran Minister
Request for information concerning legal situation of the Bondholders Committee following the Securities and Exchange Commission investigation.
582
Dec. 12 To the Salvadoran Minister
Substance of communication from Securities and Exchange Commission, with reference to the nature and object of the hearing regarding protective committees for El Salvador.
583
[Page LIX]

GUATEMALA

Negotiations Respecting a Reciprocal Trade Agreement Between the United States and Guatemala

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Jan. 29 (142) To the Minister in Guatemala
Instructions to present to the Guatemalan Government an aide-mémoire (text printed) and schedule I, the list of concessions and assurances which the United States is seeking in connection with the proposed trade agreement.
585
Feb. 18 (157) To the Minister in Guatemala
Instructions to present to the Guatemalan Government the draft of the General Provisions for incorporation into the trade agreement.
587
Apr. 18 (9) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Request for report as to whether any action by Guatemala may be expected soon.
587
Apr. 27 (15) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Expectation that a copy of the report of the Minister of Hacienda will be received very soon.
588
May 2 (621) From the Minister in Guatemala
Transmittal of several documents indicating unfavorable attitude of Guatemalan authorities toward the proposed trade agreement.
588
May 7 (637) From the Minister in Guatemala
Discussion with the Foreign Minister regarding desire of Guatemalan Government for the guarantee of a coffee market at a favorable price.
590
May 21 (198) To the Minister in Guatemala
Considerations, in connection with Guatemalan objections to proposed trade agreement, to be presented orally to President Ubico, the Foreign Minister, and other officials of the Government.
591
June 3 (18) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Request for cabled report on reaction of Guatemalan Government to Department’s instruction No. 198 of May 21.
594
June 3 (28) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Characterization of attitude of President Ubico and Foreign Minister as being noncommittal on details, but sympathetic with broad general purposes of trade agreements program.
594
June 4 (29) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Friendly desire of Guatemalan officials to cooperate; suggested compensating advantage in control of contraband trade in chicle.
594
June 4 (671) From the Minister in Guatemala
Confirmation and elaboration of telegrams Nos. 28 and 29.
595
June 6 (19) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Request for recommendation of course of action to bring about prompt and successful conclusion of negotiations.
596
June 9 (30) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Recommendation that Department allow broad limits for negotiations in Guatemala by the Legation, subject to approval.
597
[Page LX]July 3 (20) To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Instructions to complete negotiations as expeditiously as possible and on best obtainable terms, on an ad referendum basis.
597
July 8 (34) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Advice “that the Foreign Minister will arrange for the Chargé and the Consul General to confer with Minister of Hacienda and Director of Customs.
598
July 9 (707) From the Chargé in Guatemala
Memorandum handed to the Foreign Minister July 8 (text printed) indicating U. S. interest in concluding a satisfactory trade agreement; Foreign Minister’s reiteration of Guatemalan desire to conclude agreement in order to lend moral support to the trade agreements program.
598
July 10 (22) To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Request for list of exports on which Guatemala desires continued free entry.
600
July 15 (36) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Favorable attitude of Minister of Hacienda, who is ordering immediate study to determine what tariff concessions might be granted.
601
July 26 (719) From the Chargé in Guatemala
Foreign Minister’s assurance of conclusion of a trade agreement along broad lines, and his explanation as to why no great tariff concessions might be expected.
601
Aug. 8 (38) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Principal features of counterproposal suggested by Minister of Hacienda.
602
Aug. 10 (729) From the Chargé in Guatemala
Study made by Minister of Hacienda (text printed) containing the suggested counterproposals; probability of Guatemalan additional request for concession regulating imports of chicle.
602
Aug. 20 (39) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Advice that Guatemalan Government awaits Department’s observations regarding Minister of Hacienda’s study, prior to submitting a formal counterproposal.
604
Aug. 22 (24) To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Instructions to inform the Guatemalan Government concerning U. S. attitude toward the conditions transmitted in despatch No. 729 of August 10.
604
Aug. 22 (25) To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Suggestions and requests for changes in counterproposals with respect to certain items in schedule I.
606
Aug. 24 (221) To the Chargé in Guatemala
Revised draft of the General Provisions for presentation to the Guatemalan Government.
607
[Page LXI]Aug. 26 (40) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Delivery of memorandum, based on Department’s telegrams Nos. 24 and 25 of August 22, to the Minister of Hacienda.
607
Aug. 26 (740) From the Chargé in Guatemala
Foreign Minister’s desire to have chicle considered in list of concessions.
608
Sept. 5 (42) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Discussion with Minister of Hacienda concerning Guatemalan position on various items in the schedules.
608
Sept. 6 (754) From the Chargé in Guatemala
Recapitulation of recent conversations with the Minister of Hacienda, and transmittal of memoranda and other documents exchanged.
609
Oct. 23 (230) To the Chargé in Guatemala
Tentative final draft of trade agreement, with instructions to telegraph Department as soon as complete accord on text has been reached.
611
Nov. 16 (824) From the Chargé in Guatemala
Advice that President Ubico has indicated his unofficial approval of the agreement but is still concerned that the question of chicle remains unsettled.
612
Dec. 7 (66) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
President Ubico’s acceptance of a proposal that the United States indicate its intention to “continue to cooperate” with Guatemala in efforts to end illicit traffic in chicle.
613
Dec. 13 (36) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Opinion that United States could not legally take steps to aid Guatemala in the chicle problem; suggestion, however, of a note (text printed) giving assurance of U. S. willingness to study any proposal designed to control the traffic in chicle.
614

Attitude of the United States Towards the Continuance in Office of the President of Guatemala Beyond His Constitutional Term

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Feb. 28 (551) From the Minister in Guatemala
Information regarding project for amending the Guatemalan Constitution to permit President Ubico to succeed himself after the completion of his present term in office.
614
Apr. 6 (598) From the Minister in Guatemala
Proposed amendments to the Guatemalan Constitution now under consideration in the Legislative Assembly.
615
Apr. 10 (13) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Legislative Assembly’s receipt of petitions from 246 municipalities urging amendment of the Constitution to permit reelection of President Ubico.
616
Apr. 16 (607) From the Minister in Guatemala
Transmittal of Decree No. 2067 providing for a Constituent Assembly to draft amendments; discussion of legality of action.
616
[Page LXII]Apr. 30 (11) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Instructions to take whatever steps may be deemed necessary to correct any existing impression that the U. S. Government sympathizes with any plan to amend the Guatemalan Constitution illegally, or to continue President Ubico in power contrary to its provisions.
619
Apr. 30 (619) From the Minister in Guatemala
Information regarding the variety of attitudes in Guatemala toward pending elections for members of the Constituent Assembly.
620
May 2 (17) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Desire for Department’s views on one or two specific points which will be submitted by next air mail.
621
May 4 (13) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Request that the specific points on which Department’s views are desired be telegraphed.
621
May 5 (20) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Belief that any statement of U. S. position at this time might be misinterpreted in Guatemala, and the undesirable consequences would outweigh the advantages.
622
May 7 (15) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Instructions to show Department’s telegram No. 11, April 30, to President Ubico or explain U. S. position orally; concern of U. S. Government over tendency of Central American Governments to alter constitutional manner of succession to the Presidency by illegal methods.
622
May 10 (21) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Compliance with Department’s instructions to explain position orally to President Ubico.
623
May 10 (23) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Explanation of Department’s position to the Foreign Minister.
623
May 11 (645) From the Minister in Guatemala
Detailed account of the interviews with the President and Foreign Minister at which a statement (text printed) explaining the U. S. position was read.
624
May 14 (646) From the Minister in Guatemala
Request by the Foreign Minister to see a copy of the statement; his explanation of the President’s pained reaction to it.
628
May 24 (199) To the Minister in Guatemala
Disapproval of statement read to President and Foreign Minister as being a misinterpretation of Department’s No. 11, April 30; instructions to indicate informally that the U. S. Government has no attitude, sympathetic or unsympathetic, on what it considers an internal matter.
630
June 3 (669) From the Minister in Guatemala
Compliance with instruction No. 199 of May 24; explanation of understanding of earlier instructions.
632
June 25 (692) From the Chargé in Guatemala
Report on “Consultation” held June 22–24, resulting in a large majority in favor of continuance in office of President Ubico.
634
[Page LXIII]July 22 (716) From the Chargé in Guatemala
Note from the Foreign Minister, July 17 (text printed), reviewing results of the “Consultation”. Information that similar notes were sent to the other diplomatic missions in Guatemala.
635
July 30 From President Ubico to President Roosevelt
Announcement of continuation in office as result of plebiscite and decree of Constituent Assembly; desire for continued friendly relations with the United States.
636
Sept. 10 (26) To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Request for information as to replies of other governments to the Foreign Minister’s note of July 17.
637
Sept. 10 (44) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Action of other governments with reference to note of July 17.
637
Sept. 12 (27) To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Note to be addressed to the Foreign Minister (text printed) in reply to the latter’s communication of July 17.
638
Sept. 20 (77) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Inquiry from the Foreign Minister regarding the nature of the U. S. Government’s reply to President Ubico’s letter of July 30 to President Roosevelt.
638
Sept. 25 (337) To the Minister in Nicaragua
Information that the usual reply will be made by President Roosevelt to President Ubico’s letter; information also concerning Guatemalan note of July 17 and U. S. reply.
639
Sept. 26 From President Roosevelt to President Ubico
Acknowledgment of letter of July 30, and reciprocation of friendly sentiments.
(Footnote: Transmitted to Chargé in Guatemala November 4.)
639
Oct. 8 (58) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to make no further statement which might commit U. S. Government in any way under provisions of Central American Treaty of 1923.
640
Nov. 11 (816) From the Chargé in Guatemala
Importance attributed by Guatemalan Government to President Roosevelt’s autographed reply to President Ubico.
640

HAITI

Reciprocal Trade Agreement Between the United States and Haiti, Signed March 28, 1935

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Jan. 3 (1) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
For Assistant Secretary of State Welles: Talks with Foreign Minister indicating Haitian intention to maintain Montevideo economic commitments. Complication of “donnant donnant” principle in pending new treaty negotiations with France and Italy, chief markets for Haitian coffee.
642
[Page LXIV]Jan. 22 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with Haitian Minister and Mr. de la Rue, Fiscal Representative of Haiti, who were reminded that Haiti must accept the most-favored-nation clause before further consideration could be given to proposed trade agreement.
642
Jan. 22 (3) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to attempt to reach an understanding with the Foreign Minister in regard to unconditional adherence to the most-favored-nation clause.
643
Jan. 24 (6) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s explanation of Haiti’s difficulty in negotiations with France and Italy if most-favored-nation clause is adopted; his willingness to accept suggestion of formula to overcome difficulty.
644
Jan. 26 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with the Haitian Minister; agreement on plan for preparation of redraft of agreement and schedules.
645
Feb. 1 To the Haitian Legation
Transmittal of draft proposal containing revised lists of concessions and assurances; reservation of right to suggest changes prior to final approval by both Governments.
646
Feb. 20 (10) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Haiti’s request for one change in schedule I.
647
Feb. 23 (13) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Information that the Haitian Minister in Washington has been authorized to sign trade agreement after minor changes.
647
Mar. 6 (7) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to submit to Haitian Government a suggested change in article IV of English text.
648
Mar. 19 (18) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Request for indication of Department’s attitude on trade agreement and on other matters.
649
Mar. 20 (8) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Advice of tentative plan to sign trade agreement, and of status of other matters under reference.
649
Mar. 22 (20) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Haitian President’s instructions to the Haitian Minister in Washington to sign trade agreement as now drafted.
650
(Note: Citation to text of trade agreement.) 650

Good Offices of the United States in Effecting a Renewal of the Franco-Haitian Commercial Agreement

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Mar. 12 (565) From the Minister in Haiti
Haitian explanation of its predicament in trade situation and hope for U. S. good offices toward inducing France to restrict its demands on Haiti.
650
[Page LXV]May 21 (37) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
French ultimatum making a renewal of its commercial agreement contingent upon Haitian resumption of payment in gold of the arrears of the 1910 loan service.
655
May 23 (19) To the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Indication to the French Chargé that a satisfactory basis appears to exist for a commercial agreement between France and Haiti along lines of the avenant of last year.
656
May 24 (40) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Communication to the Foreign Minister of information contained in Department’s telegram No. 19 of May 23; Foreign Minister’s appreciation.
657
May 25 (41) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Exchange of telegrams between U. S. Minister to Haiti, at present in Paris, and the Fiscal Representative of Haiti in effort to secure French reconsideration of loan payment demands.
657
May 31 (640) From the Chargé in Haiti
Résumé of developments. Advice that France has announced expiration of trade agreement with Haiti as of May 26. Favorable effect in Haiti of Department’s attitude toward loan payments.
658
June 1 Memorandum by the Secretary of State of a Conversation With the French Ambassador
Ambassador’s promise to send another telegram urging favorable action by his Government in the Haitian matter.
660
June 4 (45) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Information that all French imports will now be subject to maximum tariff.
660
June 14 (47) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
President’s concern over early renewal of commercial agreement with France in view of forthcoming coffee harvest, and his inquiry as to U. S. attitude toward an agreement with France on basis of French specialties.
661
June 20 (21) To the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to indicate to Haitian President that there appears to be a satisfactory basis for a treaty with France along the lines of the recently expired avenant; U. S. unwillingness to give up most-favored-nation treatment with respect to any items.
661
June 21 (49) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
President Vincent’s statement that the Haitian Government is making overtures to French Legation with respect to new trade agreement with France; that he is counting on U. S. assistance in the 1910 loan matter.
662
June 29 (23) To the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Request for opinion as to whether there has been any amelioration in the French attitude.
663
July 1 (52) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Advice that apparently there has been no change in official French attitude.
663
[Page LXVI]July 1 (53) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Request by Haitian Minister at Paris for extension of old avenant pending negotiation of new treaty; his hope for a favorable reply and for separate treatment of the loan matter.
664
July 5 (54) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Unofficial suggestion from French Foreign Office that old avenant might be extended on certain bases.
664
July 6 (57) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Renewal of Franco-Haitian trade agreement on certain conditions; Haitian agreement to discuss separately the 1910 loan question but not to submit it to arbitration.
664
July 10 (28) To the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions for informal representations relative to the conditions of the extension of the agreement with France, and relative to gold service on the loan of 1910.
665
July 11 (60) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Advice of safeguard exacted by Haiti in the agreement with France, and of assurance that Haiti would give no commitment on the loan matter.
665
July 18 (61) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Haitian Government’s expression of appreciation for U. S. assistance in renewal of the Franco-Haitian trade agreement and hope of further help in the event of French denunciation under the month’s notice clause.
666

Attitude of the United States Towards the Proposed Debachy Loan Contract

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Aug. 21 (66) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Advice of President’s intention to call a special session of the legislature to discuss a “Contract” which may be connected with a rumored new foreign loan.
667
Aug. 23 (67) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Summary of seemingly official press communiqué giving details of proposed contract.
668
Aug. 23 (68) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s confirmation of newspaper data and indication of intention to pay off 1922 loan; opinion that the scheme appears to aim at authorization of a contract to allow Debachy to seek out international capital.
668
Aug. 24 (31) To the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to inform President Vincent of U. S. surprise at Haiti’s pending large-scale foreign financing without prior discussion with U. S. Government or with the Fiscal Representative.
669
Aug. 26 (70) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Conversation with President Vincent, who expressed regret that he was unable to inform the United States earlier owing to nebulous nature of matter prior to Debachy’s recent arrival.
670
[Page LXVII]Aug. 28 (71) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Further information on the proposed loan contract as presented to the Haitian Congress.
671
Aug. 28 (741) From the Chargé in Haiti
Transmittal of proposed loan contract, with comments on various articles.
672
Aug. 29 (73) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Summary of note from Foreign Minister explaining Haitian position on the loan as a legitimate desire to be free of foreign financial control.
674
Sept. 3 (77) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Promulgation of the law of sanction of the Debachy contract; résumé of points raised in talk with the Foreign Minister.
674
Sept. 5 (38) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to indicate to the Foreign Minister, in a friendly manner, the various disadvantages that may accrue from the new loan contract; also to point out that text of the contract does not mention redemption of the 1922 loan.
676
Sept. 7 (80) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Detailed résumé of points taken up with the President, and his assurances with respect to the 1922 loan; delivery of an aide-mémoire covering the various points.
679
Sept. 9 From the Haitian Department of Foreign Relations to the American Legation in Haiti
Point by point reply to Legation’s aide-mémoire of September 7.
681
Sept. 11 (84) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Receptive attitude of Haitian officials toward proposals prepared by De la Rue, Fiscal Representative of Haiti, concerning method of refunding the 1922 loan.
687
Sept. 13 (85) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Departure of De la Rue for the United States to work out the 1922 loan refunding details with the Department.
687
Sept. 19 (48) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Receipt of information that French contractors believe new loan funds will be devoted entirely to public works; instructions to ask President Vincent to advise French Government of the necessity of refunding the 1922 loan prior to devoting funds to public works.
688
Sept. 20 (49) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Further reason why President Vincent should advise the French Government on the matter of refunding the 1922 loan.
688
Sept. 21 (90) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Discussion with President Vincent, who said that he could not take the action requested; summary of his point of view.
689
Sept. 21 From the Haitian Minister for Foreign Affairs to the American Minister in Haiti
Confirmation of President’s rejection of U. S. request that he advise French Government in regard to the 1922 loan redemption matter.
691
[Page LXVIII]Oct. 3 (92) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Apparent misunderstanding by President Vincent, attributed to language differences, in regard to interest payments on the 1922 bonds up to their respective call dates.
692
Oct. 10 (55) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Conversation with Haitian Minister, reviewing U. S. position relative to question of interest payments on any 1922 bonds not retired before the call date.
694
Oct. 14 (56) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to ask President Vincent for the documents promised in connection with the Debachy contract.
696
Oct. 18 (40) From the Minister in Haiti
Conversation with President Vincent and his subsequent approval of plan to deposit with the Fiscal Agent sufficient funds to pay off all outstanding bonds with interest to their call dates.
696
Nov. 29 (111) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Chargé’s talk with Foreign Minister, who showed him Debachy’s brief letter to the President, indicated that there was no other correspondence, and said that he assumed Debachy would carry out contract as stipulated.
697
Dec. 12 (117) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Information from the Foreign Minister indicating Haitian intention to make a compromise payment to France on the 1910 loan despite earlier assurances to the contrary.
698
Dec. 18 (119) 1936 From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Report of deposit in New York covering first installment of Debachy loan to Haitian Government.
700
Jan. 21 (125) From the Minister in Haiti
President Vincent’s decision to denounce Debachy contract, in view of failure to pay first installment, and desire to negotiate a new American loan.
701

Sale of the Banque Nationale de la République d’Haiti by the National City Bank of New York to the Republic of Haiti

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Feb. 23 (549) From the Minister in Haiti
Considerations in regard to the constitutionality and the public policy entailed in the bank sale plan, looking to eventual withdrawal of the United States from participation in Haitian financial affairs.
703
Mar. 11 (563) From the Minister in Haiti
Résumé of events in connection with the bank matter from the May 12, 1934, contract; suggestion that an early decision on U. S. policy should be made.
709
Mar. 25 Memorandum by the Assistant Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Record of conversation between Department and National City Bank officials regarding developments in Haitian bank sale transaction.
714
[Page LXIX]Mar. 28 (22) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Haitian Senate’s sanction of bank purchase contract, presumably with only minor textual changes in 1934 contract.
716
Mar. 28 (23) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Advice that Chamber of Deputies has passed the bill of sanction for bank purchase contract.
716
Mar. 29 (579) From the Chargé in Haiti
Telegram from National City Bank (text printed) to the Director of the Banque Nationale expressing concern over Department’s reservations as to validity of endorsement by present Haitian legislature, and possibility of future difficulties. Inquiry as to Department’s attitude.
717
Apr. 1 (580) From the Chargé in Haiti
Comments on the President’s attitude toward telegram from National City Bank, and on changes in the Law of Sanction which appear to affect substance of the 1934 contract.
719
Apr. 10 (28) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Departure of De la “Rue to conduct direct negotiations with the National City Bank for completion of bank purchase contract.
720
Apr. 17 (278) To the Chargé in Haiti
Transmittal of memorandums of conversation dated March 25 to indicate that the U. S. Government has made no commitment in the bank matter.
721
Apr. 23 Memorandum by the Assistant Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation between Department officials and De la Rue, who explained the necessity of redrafting the contract, spoke of political complications in Haiti, and referred to Japanese trade proposals.
721
May 17 (34) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Passage by the Chamber of Deputies of a bill authorizing the Government to sign the revised contract for the purchase of the Banque Nationale.
723
May 21 (38) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Passage by the Senate of the bill, without modification.
723
June 19 (48) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Uncertainty in bank purchase situation due to National City Bank’s delay in agreeing to carry out the transaction and in submitting panels to President Vincent for selection of new directorate.
723
June 22 (22) To the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Deferral of submission of a panel by the Foreign Bondholders Protective Council until meeting of Executive Committee.
724
June 28 To the Vice President of the Foreign Bondholders Protective Council, Inc.
Explanation of Department’s policy governing the suggested treaty arrangement between the United States and Haiti to be entered into after the Haitian purchase of the Banque Nationale.
724
[Page LXX]July 6 (56) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
From De la Rue: Request for instructions as to whether to proceed with transfer of bank as planned.
726
July 8 (27) To the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Information for De la Rue that Department feels it cannot comment, since bank sale is a transaction entirely between Haitian Government and National City Bank.
726
July 8 (680) From the Chargé in Haiti
Information on signing of bank sale contract, election of new officers, and confirmation of all employees in their present positions.
727

HONDURAS

Reciprocal Trade Agreement Between the United States and Honduras, Signed December 18, 1935

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Jan. 14 (653) To the Chargé in Honduras
Expectation that a tentative list of concessions and assurances desired from Honduras, known as schedule I, will be ready to submit soon.
729
Feb. 5 (664) To the Minister in Honduras
Transmittal of schedule I, together with an aide-mémoire (text printed) to be presented to the Foreign Minister.
730
Feb. 13 (1339) From the Minister in Honduras
Discussion with Finance Minister concerning tariff concessions in connection with the projected Honduran trade agreement.
732
Feb. 19 (671) To the Minister in Honduras
Transmittal of draft of the General Provisions which the United States desires to have incorporated into the trade agreement, and an aide-mémoire for submission to the Honduran Government.
733
Feb. 28 (1351) From the Minister in Honduras
Elements retarding progress in negotiations for a trade agreement.
733
Mar. 7 (1359) From the Minister in Honduras
Advice that Department’s suggested addition to schedule I, exempting certain U. S. products from municipal taxes inaugurated March 3, 1934, was explained to the Foreign Minister and an aide-mémoire left with him.
735
Mar. 12 (14) From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Honduran consideration of maximum-minimum type of tariff; inquiry as to whether Legation should make any statement to the Foreign Minister in this matter.
736
Mar. 13 (12) To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Advice that Department sees no reason for making any statement.
736
[Page LXXI]May 10 (1413) From the Chargé in Honduras
Note from the Foreign Office submitting Honduran list of articles to be placed in schedule II of the proposed trade agreement.
737
May 17 (1415) From the Chargé in Honduras
Transmittal of schedule I as accepted by Honduras, for U. S. approval; also memorandum regarding the articles under consideration for the proposed trade agreement.
737
June 3 (20) To the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Inquiry as to what the effect will be on schedule I if all schedule II concessions cannot be granted; request for all available data on subject of concession on woven hats.
739
June 3 (21) To the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Request for views on working out some acceptable concession on flour and lard.
739
June 6 (25) From the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Honduran opposition to any concession on either flour or lard.
740
June 7 (1430) From the Chargé in Honduras
Advice that U. S. inability to meet all requests on schedule II will have no effect on schedule I as approved by Honduras; situation with regard to woven hats.
740
June 15 (703) To the Chargé in Honduras
Transmittal of schedule II, with comments on certain items; inquiry as to status of General Provisions.
741
June 26 (27) From the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Honduran acceptance of schedule II. Desire that agreement be completed promptly, because of threatened difficulty over question of pharmaceutical fees.
743
June 28 (1447) From the Chargé in Honduras
Advice that information on General Provisions will be transmitted soon; request that Department’s comments thereon be telegraphed in order to hasten completion of agreement.
743
June 29 (23) To the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Suggestion regarding wheat and wheat flour, and instructions to cable personal reaction. Instructions for discussing the most-favored-nation article with the Honduran Government.
744
July 29 (37) From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Suggestion that the presentation of a tentative completed draft of the General Provisions and schedules I and II would expedite matters.
745
Aug. 2 (33) To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Plan to submit a tentative final draft of agreement, as suggested.
745
Aug. 24 (15) To the Minister in Honduras
Transmittal of tentative final draft of agreement with explanation of omissions, additions, and revisions.
746
[Page LXXII]Sept. 11 (39) From the Minister in Honduras
Foreign Minister’s delay in commenting on tentative draft of agreement due to illness of Finance Minister, whose official opinion is desired.
748
Sept. 24 (48) From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Information as to Honduran plans to appoint Flores Fiallos as plenipotentiary to sign the trade agreement.
748
Sept. 26 (43) To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Details of plans for concluding the trade agreement; advice that full powers for signing will be sent by airmail. Assumption that agreement will be submitted to Honduran Congress for ratification.
749
Sept. 27 (51) From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Confirmation of Department’s assumption that agreement must be submitted to Honduran Congress for ratification.
749
(Note: Citation to text of agreement signed December 18, 1935.) 750

Reservation by Honduras of Claim to Sovereignty Over Swan Islands Described in Navy Department Publication as Under the Dominion of the United States

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Dec. 12 From the Honduran Chargé
Formal protest against map designation of Swan Islands as a possession of the United States, and statement for the record that islands are under the sovereignty of Honduras.
750
Dec. 12 Memorandum by the Assistant Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with the Honduran Chargéd who said that presentation of the note of protest was merely to keep the record clear, not to create an incident.
752

MEXICO

Informal Discussions With a View to the Settlement of American Agrarian Claims Against Mexico Pending Before the General Claims Commission

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Apr. 4 To Mr. Joseph R. Baker, Assistant to the Legal Adviser, and Mr. Peter H. A. Flood, Foreign Service Officer
Instructions to proceed to Mexico City for an informal discussion provided for in the protocol signed on April 24, 1934, and to arrange for a just settlement of all agrarian claims if possible.
753
(Note: Information that discussions were carried on without reaching an agreement.) 754
[Page LXXIII]Nov. 2 (922) To the Ambassador in Mexico
Instructions to present Department’s objections to Mexican draft respecting disposition of the agrarian claims; opinion that without prompt Mexican recession from its position, the negotiations will be considered terminated.
754
Nov. 9 From the Ambassador in Mexico
Presentation of views supporting acceptance of Mexican draft and request for further advice concerning submission of Department’s objections.
757
Nov. 14 To the Ambassador in Mexico
Reiteration of Department’s adherence to the principle of full compensation for lands taken from Americans.
759
Nov. 27 (3083) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Letter to the Mexican negotiator, dated November 22 (text printed), presenting Department’s position in regard to proposed protocol.
760
Dec. 14 (255) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Adverse attitude of Mexican Government toward Department’s proposition in regard to the agrarian claims.
764

Concern of the United States Respecting Difficulties Experienced by American Petroleum Interests in Mexico

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Mar. 23 (673) To the Ambassador in Mexico
Instructions for informal conversations with Mexican officials in an effort to avoid controversy over legitimate petroleum interests of American citizens.
764
Apr. 12 (2450) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Memorandum of conversation with the Foreign Minister (text printed) concerning the petroleum question, the possibility of payment for agrarian expropriations, and the politico-religious situation.
766

Representations Against Further Expropriation by the Mexican Government of Lands Owned by American Citizens Until Authorization for Payment Be Made

Date and number Subject Page
1935 June 13 (2635) From the Chargé in Mexico
Review of present agrarian situation insofar as it affects American citizens.
770
Sept. 19 (2899) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Representations, with written confirmation (text printed) to the Acting Foreign Minister, relative to payment for expropriated land, and emphasizing suggestion that no more land belonging to Americans be dotated until provision is made for payment.
776
[Page LXXIV]Sept. 28 (888) To the Ambassador in Mexico
Commendation for action reported in despatch No. 2899 of September 19.
778
Oct. 10 (2963) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Conversation between the Counselor of Embassy and the Acting Foreign Minister, who said President Cárdenas was concerned over the Ambassador’s representations, and explained Mexican inability to pay for expropriated lands.
778
Oct. 23 To the Ambassador in Mexico
Desire that the Mexican authorities be encouraged to make an oral commitment to refrain from further seizure of American-owned lands without prompt payment, although such an arrangement would fail to provide definite assurance of future securitjr for American owners.
780
Nov. 22 (3067) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Discussion of complications in the payment problem with the Acting Foreign Minister; resultant recommendation that United States make no further representations until President Cárdenas has time to draw up a plan to cover the whole question.
780

Attitude of the Government of the United States With Respect to the Religious Situation in Mexico

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Oct. 17 Press Release Issued by the Department of State
Clarification by the Ambassador in Mexico of the content of a speech made by him in July to Americans in Mexico City, to counteract implications drawn from it.
782
Oct. 27 Memorandum by the Under Secretary of State
Message authorized by President Roosevelt to be given to the National Catholic Welfare Council in regard to alleged religious implications in the Ambassador’s speech.
(Footnote: Text of message authorized by the President.)
783
1935 Jan. 19 Memorandum by the Department of State
Reply (text printed) to numerous communications from members of Congress and others concerning the American Ambassador in Mexico and the reported anti-religious policies of the Mexican Government.
783
Jan. 22 From the Ambassador in Mexico
Denial of certain interviews and statements being attributed to the Ambassador; resume” of the only views which have been expressed by him.
784
Feb. 4 (24) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Request for any information substantiating allegations of mistreatment of or denial of rights to American citizens in Mexico.
785
Feb. 4 (20) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Advice that allegations cannot be substantiated.
786
[Page LXXV]Feb. 5 From the Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations
Senate Resolution No. 70 (text printed), calling for investigation of alleged religious persecution and anti-religious compulsion in Mexico.
786
Feb. 6 From the Chief of the Division of Mexican Affairs to the Assistant Secretary of State
Advice that a Department of Labor report indicates a total of only 174 religious refugees have crossed the border from Mexico in 13 months, instead of “thousands’”as reported in certain press despatches.
788
Feb. 7 From Senator McAdoo
Inquiry as to Department’s attitude in regard to the passage of Senate Resolution No. 70 concerning anti-religious outbreaks in Mexico.
789
Feb. 12 To the Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations
Department’s conviction that the passage of Senate Resolution No. 70 would militate against amicable relations with Mexico.
789
Feb. 12 To Senator McAdoo
Opinion that the passage of Senate Resolution No. 70 would be highly undesirable.
794
Mar. 5 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Conversation with Mexican Ambassador in which the U. S. policy of noninterference in domestic affairs of other countries was reiterated, and assurances were given of continued effort to allay intemperate discussion and criticisms of Mexico.
794
Mar. 16 To Representative Lundeen
Comments on a proposed resolution, received by Representative Lundeen, to recall the U. S. Ambassador in Mexico and withdraw recognition of that Government.
797
Mar. 22 To Senator Schwellenbach
Explanation of Department’s policy in reply to a suggestion for U. S. intervention in Mexican religious controversy, transmitted by the Senator.
797
Mar. 26 To the Governor of Arizona
Reiteration of U. S. policy of noninterference in reply to a letter sent pursuant to State legislative action supporting Senate Resolution No. 70.
798
Mar. 27 From the Chief of the Division of Mexican Affairs to the Assistant Secretary of State
Indication that the United States has not always pursued a consistent policy of nonintervention, but that it has put itself on record in favor of the policy in its ratification of the Montevideo Convention of 1933 on the Rights and Duties of States.
799
Apr. 5 To the Reverend Peter J. Halpin, S. J.
Information that no international agreement exists by which the Mexican Government guarantees freedom of worship to American citizens residing or sojourning in Mexico.
800
[Page LXXVI]June 8 To Representative Monaghan
Indication that there is no discrimination in Mexico against U. S. citizens in the application of laws pertaining to the exercise of religious worship.
801
June 20 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Expression of gratification to the Mexican Chargé, who voiced the opinion that the recent change of government in Mexico would quiet religious controversy.
802
June 28 To the Chairman of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs
Information relative to the effect of the Mexican religious situation on American citizens, sent in reply to House Resolution No. 277.
802
July 11 (119) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Conversation with the Mexican President, who indicated his primary interest in economic and educational affairs, and his understanding that several states would adopt a more moderate religious attitude.
804
Aug. 17 To the Mexican Ambassador
Reply to inquiry concerning control of manifestations of personal hostility by U. S. citizens against the government of a friendly foreign state.
804
Sept. 12 To the Mexican Ambassador
Reply to inquiry in regard to censorship of radio programs.
805
Sept. 23 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Mexican Affairs
President Roosevelt’s authorization of a statement to the effect that he is sympathetic with all people who make it clear that the American people believe in freedom of religious worship everywhere.
806
Dec. 9 From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Conference with Mexican Ambassador to the United States, who indicated that he feels the situation with respect to agrarian and church questions is more satisfactory than heretofore.
806

Representations Respecting Interference With Radio Stations in the United States by Stations in Mexico

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Feb. 2 (603) To the Ambassador in Mexico
Instructions to ascertain the attitude of the Mexican Government in regard to suggestions on the problem of Mexican amateur radio-telephone interference in frequency bands used in the United States; relation of convention of 1927 to situation.
806
Feb. 6 (607) To the Ambassador in Mexico
Instructions to make representations relative to a complaint by a Texas radio station against interference caused by a station in Mexico, under a provision of the 1927 convention.
808
Mar. 29 (2401) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Belief of Chief of the Radio Communications Section that the 10-kilocycle spread between the Texas and the Mexican station should be sufficient.
809
[Page LXXVII]Apr. 10 (2441) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Transmittal of communication from the Foreign Office with table of new distribution of frequency bands, purporting to be in conformity with U. S. practice; protests by Mexican amateurs against the new distribution.
810
July 15 (797) To the Ambassador in Mexico
Explanation that Mexican table is not in accordance with U. S. suggestions; instructions for further discussion with the Foreign Office.
810
July 22 (2756) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Reversal of Government’s frequency distribution following strong objections by Mexican amateurs; opinion that further representations would be futile.
812
Sept. 7 (857) To the Ambassador in Mexico
Transmittal of correspondence with Federal Communications Commission indicating that the matter will not be pursued further at this time.
813

Treaty Between the United States and Mexico Providing for Assistance to and Salvage of Vessels in Territorial Waters, Signed June 13, 1935

Date and number Subject Page
(Note: Citation to text of treaty.) 813

NICARAGUA

Negotiations Respecting a Trade Agreement Between the United States and Nicaragua

Date and number Subject Page
1935 May 19 (40) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Intention, unless otherwise instructed, to suggest that enactment into law of proposed Nicaraguan tariff bill be deferred pending negotiation of trade agreement between United States and Nicaragua.
814
May 21 (21) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Suggestion that Minister remind President Sacasa of commitments relative to tariff policy made at Montevideo in 1933 while indicating that it is up to Nicaragua to decide on steps it will take in the matter.
814
June 11 (47) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Advice that action on tariff bill has been deferred, and that President is ready to enter into negotiations; request for list of trade concessions desired.
815
June 11 (270) To the Minister in Nicaragua
U. S. views on the possibly unfavorable effects of the proposed Nicaraguan tariff law on the future course of U. S.-Nicaraguan trade relations.
815
June 18 (50) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Request for authorization to include in forthcoming discussions on the tariff law an objection to the present bilateral policy of the Nicaraguan Exchange Control Commission.
818
[Page LXXVIII]June 27 (282) To the Minister in Nicaragua
Authorization as requested, and elaboration of U. S. views on the bilateral principle of allocating foreign exchange.
819
June 27 (52) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s desire that trade agreement negotiations be resumed before adjournment of the Nicaraguan Congress.
820
July 3 (28) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to submit General Provisions; advice that schedule I will be transmitted soon for use in active negotiations toward an ad referendum agreement.
820
July 5 (917) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Submission of the General Provisions to the Foreign Minister in accordance with instructions.
821
July 9 (54) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
President’s readiness to discuss principles on which negotiations will be based; information from other Government officials relating to negotiations.
821
July 16 (292) To the Minister in Nicaragua
Transmission of revised General Provisions, to be submitted with an aide-mémoire to the Nicaraguan Government.
822
July 22 (940) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Foreign Minister’s consideration of the revised General Provisions, and his hope that schedule I will be received soon.
822
July 27 (952) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Report on extensive changes in Nicaraguan customs tariff, lowering the existing rate of duty.
823
Aug. 3 (305) To the Minister in Nicaragua
Transmittal of factual material, together with detailed instructions on negotiating trade agreement.
824
Aug. 10 (970) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Note to the Foreign Minister requesting a list of Nicaragua’s desiderata and its view on revised General Provisions. Conversation with the President relative to procedures and tariff on sugar.
828
Aug. 17 (993) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Readiness of the Foreign Minister to indicate approval of General Provisions upon their approval by the President.
830
Aug. 21 (1007) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Inconclusive discussion of General Provisions by the Cabinet; President’s promise of another meeting soon.
831
Aug. 22 (63) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Request for authorization to furnish Nicaraguan Government with a simple alphabetical list of products included in schedule I, to accelerate negotiations.
832
Aug. 24 (1014) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Summary of points emphasized in conversation with the President and Finance Minister, indicating the advantages to Nicaragua of a trade agreement with the United States.
833
[Page LXXIX]Aug. 26 (38) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Authorization to furnish list as requested in telegram No. 63 of August 22.
834
Aug. 27 (1020) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Advice of delivery of list (text printed) to the Foreign Minister; his opinion that negotiations will proceed without further delay.
835
Oct. 3 (1081) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Report on informal conference with the Minister of Hacienda concerning the General Provisions, and substance of his comments.
836
Nov. 1 (1130-A) From the Chargé in Nicaragua
Résumé of factors contributing to lack of Nicaraguan interest in negotiating trade agreement; opinion that there is no real reason for pushing the matter at present.
838
Nov. 6 (356) To the Chargé in Nicaragua
Transmittal of memorandum of a conversation with Nicaraguan officials, who expressed their intention to urge conclusion of trade agreement; instructions for an interview with President Sacasa.
840
Dec. 2 (1174) From the Chargé in Nicaragua
Assurance by President Sacasa of desire for a trade agreement with the United States, and intention to continue negotiations upon return of the U. S. Minister.
841

Political Unrest in Nicaragua; Policy of the United States Not To Interfere in Nicaraguan Internal Affairs

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Mar. 15 (770) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Request for instructions concerning the U. S. nonintervention policy in dealing with Nicaraguan political matters in connection with the consideration of General Somoza to succeed President Sacasa.
842
Apr. 5 (236) To the Minister in Nicaragua
Interpretation of U. S. policy in regard to denying recognition to a regime assuming power through a coup d’état or a revolution.
847
Apr. 12 (20) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Arrest and imprisonment of an adherent of President Sacasa, General Castro Wassmer, charged by Somoza with having bombs in his possession.
(Footnote: Later release of Wassmer.)
848
Apr. 16 (808) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Conversation with President Sacasa, who indicated his willingness for Somoza to be the next President if constitutionally elected; Somoza’s evident intention to disregard any constitutional difficulties.
848
Apr. 21 (24) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Arrest of Lt. Cuadra, a Guardia officer, in attempt against Somoza’s life in plot similar to earlier attempts on life of President Sacasa.
850
[Page LXXX]Apr. 22 (28) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that death sentence by court-martial of Lt. Caudra, approved by Somoza, is awaiting final decision by President Sacasa.
850
Apr. 25 (29) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Advice of use of good offices culminating in Somoza’s promise to postpone execution of Cuadra until he consults Sacasa, who considers execution unconstitutional.
851
Apr. 26 (31) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information from Somoza that officers of the Guardia are in accord with his decision not to carry out death sentence without President’s authorization.
853
Apr. 30 (34) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Newspaper publication of President Sacasa’s disapproval of the court-martial verdict, and of his manifesto stating his obligation to adhere to the Constitution.
854
May 13 (256) To the Minister in Nicaragua
Commendation for discreet and effective handling of recent Nicaraguan emergency.
854
May 14 (829) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Summary of views concerning the Nicaraguan political situation as expressed by officials of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, and Nicaragua; outline of attitude assumed and replies made.
855
May 31 (266) To the Minister in Nicaragua
Department’s complete accord with Minister’s attitude reported in despatch No. 829 of May 14.
862
June 18 (892) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Political currents relative to the Presidency; Minister’s insistence, in conversation with the Foreign Minister, that the U. S. Government cannot commit itself in advance to granting or denying of recognition.
862
July 16 (933) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Somoza’s determination to become President despite probability of violence in such event.
864
Aug. 13 (979A) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Request for permission to deny press report that a representative of Sacasa had an interview with a Department official in Washington to sound out U. S. attitude toward an extension of Sacasa’s term; advice of Sacasa’s denial.
866
Aug. 26 (39) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Denial that interview took place; explanation, however, of reasons why a public denial should be avoided; willingness to consider authorizing a reiteration of U. S. nonintervention policy.
868
Aug. 29 (1021) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Reasons for not seeking authorization to issue a reiteration of U. S. position; transmittal of a draft letter, addressed to President Sacasa, for Department’s approval.
868
[Page LXXXI]Sept. 10 (68) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Apprehension in Government circles concerning banquet to be held for Somoza and plans of his supporters to call on Sacasa and request his support.
871
Sept. 12 (329) To the Minister in Nicaragua
Approval of draft letter for President Sacasa transmitted in despatch No. 1021 of August 29.
871
Sept. 26 (80) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information concerning crisis precipitated by agitation for Somoza’s candidacy, and of President Sacasa’s refusal to support Somoza.
871
Sept. 26 (83) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information of plans of high Government officials to force Sacasa to request Somoza’s resignation from the Guardia, and to meet situation in case Somoza makes a fight; Minister’s refusal to cooperate in plans.
872
Sept. 27 (52) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to express U. S. hope for continuing peace in Nicaragua to persons concerned in situation described.
874
Sept. 28 (88) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Conversation with one of the supporters of the plans to force Sacasa-Somoza issue, who showed disregard for U. S. position as set forth in No. 52 of September 27.
874
Sept. 28 (89) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Somoza’s views on the plotting against him, and his intention to remain in seclusion.
875
Sept. 29 (90) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
President Sacasa’s concurrence in U. S. expression of hope for continuing peace in Nicaragua.
876
Oct. 1 Memorandum by the Assistant Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with Nicaraguan representatives, who vainly sought “advice”“with reference to situation in Nicaragua.
877
Oct. 1 (92) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Advice that Somoza is circulating freely in Managua despite earlier expressed intention to remain in seclusion.
879
Oct. 3 (95) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information regarding President Sacasa’s orders to Somoza to transfer certain Guardia commanders in order to avert trouble in connection with municipal elections November 3.
879
Oct. 4 (96) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Somoza’s accession, after protest, to President Sacasa’s orders; information from Foreign Minister in regard to a coup d’état expected within the next week.
880
Oct. 5 (97) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Appeal to Foreign Minister to prevent violence.
880
[Page LXXXII]Oct. 7 (98) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information concerning arrest of Vargas, publisher of anti-Somozan El Imparcial, President Sacasa’s orders for his release, and intention to expel the Guardia commander responsible for the arrest.
881
Oct. 7 (99) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
President Sacasa’s insistence upon U. S. obligation to intervene in present situation; request for authorization to show him Department’s memorandums of conversations with Nicaraguan representatives, and to say that they reflect U. S. attitude.
882
Oct. 8 (59) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Authorization as requested in telegram No. 99 of October 7.
882
Oct. 9 (102) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
President Sacasa’s refusal to admit end of U. S. responsibility; his certainty that Somoza is preparing a coup d’état. Release of General Vargas.
883
Oct. 16 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with Nicaraguan representatives, who urged “friendly moral assistance” and were assured of the friendly interest of the United States.
883
Nov. 5 (116) From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that the municipal elections of November 3 passed off quietly.
886
Dec. 6 (123) From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Mediation by former President Chamorro between the Sacasas and Somoza, resulting in a plan to call a constituyente to extend President Sacasa’s term for 2 years and to remove impediments to Somoza’s election after that period.
886
Dec. 10 (1187) From the Chargé in Nicaragua
Advice that there seems to be a fair chance of continued peaceful development if the Chamorro plan is carried out.
887
Dec. 15 (126) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
President Sacasa’s refusal to remain in office after present constitutional term.
888

PANAMA

Negotiations Between the United States and Panama for the Revision of the Treaty of November 18, 1903

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Jan. 8 To the Chargé in Panama
Transmittal of draft of proposed general treaty with Panama, with notations indicating status of the discussions in regard to various provisions.
889
Jan. 14 (5) From the Chargé in Panama (tel.)
President Arias’ announcement that there would be no treaty without satisfactory adjustment of differences; his reference to difficulties encountered with the patrioteros.
890
[Page LXXXIII]Jan. 23 (6) From the Chargé in Panama (tel.)
Foreign Secretary Arosemena’s indication of generally favorable attitude toward provisions of the proposed treaty draft.
890
Jan. 23 (585) From the Chargé in Panama
Memorandum of informal discussion with Arosemena (text printed) concerning draft of proposed treaty.
891
Feb. 11 (613) From the Chargé in Panama
Objection of President Arias to provision of the treaty pertaining to the further U. S. acquisition of private Panamanian property, and to the implication of unlimited cooperation with the United States in the event of war.
894
Feb. 12 (14) From the Chargé in Panama (tel.)
Suggestion of modifications of the treaty text to meet objections of Arias and thereby facilitate ratification by the Panamanian Assembly.
897
Feb. 20 (626) From the Chargé in Panama
Conversation with Foreign Minister Arosemena relative to draft provisions he desires changed.
898
Apr. 23 (48) From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Arosemena’s request for cooperation in obtaining satisfactory settlement of disputed projects which are to be submitted to President Roosevelt by the Panamanian Minister.
900
May 11 (59) From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
President Arias’ announcement at press conference of intention not to sign the proposed treaty unless agreement is reached on fundamental points, which he did not specify.
900
May 28 (65) From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Advice from Arosemena of acceptance of practically everything in treaty except question of deportees.
901
July 17 (89) From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Delay in further treaty considerations because of Cabinet crisis.
901
July 19 (92) From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Conversation with President Arias, who confirmed reason for delay, and also raised objections to certain provisions in the treaty draft.
901
Aug. 16 Press Release Issued by the Department of State
Announcement of conclusion of the U. S.-Panama treaty negotiations.
(Footnotes: Information pertaining to signature and exchange of ratifications of the treaty, and to conventions on radio and on the trans-Isthmian highway; citations to texts.)
902
Aug. 29 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Panamanian Minister’s insistence upon treaty revision in regard to reentry of certain persons into the Canal Zone, and upon insertion of a suitable formula to insure for Panamanians employed in the Canal Zone equality of pay and general treatment.
902
[Page LXXXIV]Oct. 1 (136) From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Request for instructions in regard to Arosemena’s suggestion of a conference with Panamanian Commissioners and Canal representatives relative to article 4 of treaty.
903
Oct. 3 (59) To the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Department’s position relative to Zone reentry by deportees; instructions to hold the suggested conference.
903
Oct. 5 (139) From the Minister in Panama (tel).
Cancellation of discussion plans because of Panamanian Commissioners’ early departure for the United States.
904
Oct. 25 (65) To the Chargé in Panama (tel.)
Instructions for discussions, under administrative provisions in the General Treaty, of itemized questions relating to sales of goods to vessels, and to employees of the Canal and the railroad.
904
Nov. 9 (73) To the Chargé in Panama (tel.)
Request for report of any discussions concerning sales to ships.
905
Nov. 11 (159) From the Chargé in Panama (tel.)
Advice that no discussions have yet been held.
905
Dec. 14 (169) From the Chargé in Panama (tel.)
Advice that first meeting is scheduled for December 16; request for confirmation of view in regard to surcharge.
906
Dec. 16 (170) From the Chargé in Panama (tel.)
Report on amicable discussion of items under consideration.
906
Dec. 17 (83) To the Chargé in Panama (tel.)
Interpretation of surcharge as the basis of retail commissary prices to employees.
907
Dec. 18 (84) To the Chargé in Panama (tel.)
Department’s position in regard to direct trucking to Canal Zone piers.
908
Dec. 19 (173) From the Chargé in Panama (tel.)
Report on second meeting with Panamanian authorities.
908
Dec. 23 (177) From the Chargé in Panama (tel.)
Third meeting with Panamanian authorities.
909
Dec. 28 (181) From the Chargé in Panama (tel.)
Possibility of future agreement by adoption of a restricted surcharge on perishable foodstuffs.
910
Dec. 31 (88) To the Chargé in Panama (tel.)
Instructions to avoid modifications in General Treaty and to continue efforts toward a satisfactory agreement through administrative measures.
910
[Page LXXXV]

Objections by Panama to Receiving Payment of Panama Canal Annuity in Devalued Dollars

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Jan. 14 From the Panamanian Legation
Panamanian interpretation of the annuity payment stipulation in the treaty of 1903, qualified by the monetary agreement of June 20, 1904, as providing for payment in balboas, and not in devalued dollars.
911
Jan. 16 From the Panamanian Legation
Reference to U. S. appropriation measure favoring the Philippine Islands as further reason for a similar act of amity in adopting a measure for the immediate payment in full of the Canal annuity.
912
Jan. 21 To the Panamanian Minister
Advice that consideration of interchangeability of former Panamanian “dollar” with balboa under Appropriation Act of 1934 could not be justified; suggestion that Panama accept the February 26, 1934, payment “on account”, with reservation of all rights in the matter.
913
Jan. 22 From the Panamanian Minister
Nonconcurrence in suggestion of accepting payment “on account”, and repetition of earlier request for adoption of some measure allocating the total annuity stipulated in the Canal Treaty.
914
Jan. 24 To the Panamanian Minister
Acknowledgment of letter of January 22, with assurances of continuing U. S. effort to effect satisfactory solution.
915
Feb. 2 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Discussion with the Panamanian Minister on possibility of specific legislation authorizing the annuity payment without waiting for a provision to be included in the treaty under negotiation.
916
Feb. 21 From the Panamanian Minister
Representation setting forth unaltered Panamanian position, with citations to recent U. S. Supreme Court opinions.
916
Feb. 25 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Discussion with Panamanian Minister regarding the U. S. obligation to transmit the February 26 annuity payment authorized in the current appropriation act, despite the Panamanian refusal to accept it.
920
Undated [Rec’d Feb. 25] From the Acting Secretary of the Treasury
Opinion that recent Supreme Court decisions have no bearing upon the annuity authorized by Congress to be paid on February 26, 1935.
921
Feb. 27 From Sullivan & Cromwell
Return of U. S. annuity check in view of Panamanian contention that sum should be paid in gold coin of the standard existing in 1904.
921
Mar. 2 From the Attorney General
Suggestion that the controversial annuity matter be settled promptly by means of the general treaty now being negotiated between the United States and Panama.
922
[Page LXXXVI]Apr. 15 From the Panamanian Legation
Suggestion of a plan for settling the annuity difficulties, with indication of specific advantages to both the United States and Panama.
923
Apr. 29 (20) To the Minister in Panama (tel.)
President Roosevelt’s indication to the Panamanian Minister of the impracticality of annuity legislation, and his view that the only practicable solution lies in a treaty provision.
925
May 1 (58) From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Transmittal of a memorandum from President Arias, dated April 30 (text printed), presenting alternative plans for payment of the Canal annuities.
925
May 4 To the Panamanian Minister
Comments on a proposed exchange of notes on coinage, and on a redraft of article VIII of the general treaty, which concerns the annuity matter.
927
May 6 (21) To the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Résumé of negotiations relative to the annuity payment, and reasons for U. S. inability to accept any of the alternative plans set forth by President Arias.
928
May 22 To the Assistant Solicitor General
Request for views on the draft exchange of notes and the suggested modifications in draft of article VIII accepted by the Panamanian Commissioners.
(Footnote: Incorporation of settlement of annuity question in the General Treaty; citation to text.)
930

PERU

Preliminary Discussions Respecting a Trade Agreement Between the United States and Peru

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Aug. 9 (800) To the Ambassador in Peru
Transmittal of material on U. S. commercial policy to be used as basis of informal conversations with the Foreign Minister in the expectation of possible negotiation of a trade agreement.
932
Sept. 29 (4176) From the Ambassador in Peru
Exploratory conversation in accordance with instructions; Foreign Minister’s reference to Cuba’s favored position in the U. S. sugar market.
933
Oct. 2 (4183) From the Ambassador in Peru
Disinclination of Peruvian Government to consider trade agreement negotiations without preferential attention to the sugar situation; comments on sugar and debt situations.
935
Oct. 2 (4184) From the Ambassador in Peru
Further discussion of Peruvian trade matters with the Foreign Minister, who indicated readiness to negotiate an agreement that would assure a market of 300,000 tons for Peruvian sugar.
937
[Page LXXXVII]Nov. 21 (838) To the Ambassador in Peru
Instructions to inform the Peruvian Government of U. S. inability, because of existing legislation, to give desired assurance in regard to sugar; hope that exploratory conversations may continue.
942
Dec. 20 (4326) From the Ambassador in Peru
Compliance with Department’s instructions.
944

URUGUAY

Preliminary Discussions Respecting a Trade Agreement Between the United States and Uruguay

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Jan. 10 (922) From the Chargé in Uruguay
Uruguayan interest in negotiating a trade agreement; information as to basis of commercial agreements which have been negotiated between Uruguay and other countries.
946
Feb. 21 (983) From the Chargé in Uruguay
Foreign Minister’s desire for prompt negotiation of a trade agreement because of general economic conditions and pressure from cattle interests.
947

Representations Respecting Customs Discriminations Against American Importations Into Uruguay

Date and number Subject Page
1935 May 10 (1104) From the Chargé in Uruguay
Information in regard to a Uruguayan decree authorizing increased customs rates.
949
June 13 (5) To the Chargé in Uruguay
Instructions to investigate report of preferential customs treatment accorded Russian lumber imports over American imports, and, if substantiated, to request removal of the discrimination.
950
June 28 (34) From the Minister in Uruguay
Information concerning discrimination against American lumber imports, with request to be permitted to submit a protest on general rather than specific grounds.
951
July 22 (11) To the Minister in Uruguay
Department’s approval of suggestion to protest on general rather than specific grounds.
954
Aug. 13 (17) To the Minister in Uruguay
Instructions to investigate a rumor of a 30% increase in duties on U. S. articles, whereas other countries were raised only 15%, and, if true, to ask removal of discrimination.
954
Aug. 23 (65) From the Minister in Uruguay
Note submitted to the Foreign Minister citing instances of customs discriminations against American products and requesting that steps be taken to assure equitable customs treatment.
955
[Page LXXXVIII]Aug. 23 (66) From the Minister in Uruguay
Reply to No. 17 of August 13, clarifying confusion between exchange restrictions and customs discrimination.
955
Nov. 15 (33) To the Minister in Uruguay (tel.)
Request for cabled report on possibility of discrimination against American railway equipment in favor of that of German manufacture; instructions to discuss the matter informally with Uruguayan authorities should discrimination be indicated.
956
Nov. 16 (63) From the Minister in Uruguay (tel.)
Report on situation relative to American railway equipment.
956
Dec. 27 (140) From the Minister in Uruguay
Note from the Foreign Office indicating that discriminatory customs treatment of American lumber and a number of other commodities is to be removed.
957

Efforts of the Department of State To Secure Equitable Treatment for American Interests With Respect to Uruguayan Exchange Restrictions

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Jan. 2 (903) From the Chargé in Uruguay
Discussion relative to exchange discrimination with the Foreign Minister, who gave assurances of correction of the situation; discussion also of U. S.-Uruguayan trade.
957
Jan. 2 (904) From the Chargé in Uruguay
Foreign Minister’s suggestion of a banking agreement between the Bank of the Republic and a representative American bank, similar to those in force with banks of other countries.
959
Jan. 21 (309) To the Chargé in Uruguay
Instructions to discuss informally with Uruguayan officials allegations of discrimination against American petroleum products in favor of a state-owned company.
961
Feb. 14 (2) To the Chargé in Uruguay (tel.)
Request for report as to whether oil companies have a possibility of redress through legal action, for alleged discrimination.
961
Feb. 15 (15) From the Chargé in Uruguay (tel.)
Belief of lawyers of oil companies that legal case exists; information, however, of a call for a conference of representatives of foreign oil companies, the state-owned company, and the Exchange Control Commission in effort to adjust difficulty.
961
Feb. 26 (988) From the Chargé in Uruguay
Attendance as an observer at the conference in which the entire Uruguayan trade and foreign exchange situation came under scrutiny; opinion that despite difficulties a happy solution may result from further discussions, which are planned.
962
Mar. 2 (998) From the Chargé in Uruguay
Value of close cooperation of foreign oil companies in effort to secure exchange treatment equal to that given the state-owned company, as indicated in the prompt action resulting from simultaneous U. S. and British representations.
966
[Page LXXXIX]May 23 (647) From the Consul General at Montevideo
Résumé of conversations with bank officials in regard to the position of American commerce under the Uruguayan import quota law, particularly as applied to lumber.
967
July 19 (47) From the Minister in Uruguay
Indication to President Terra that trade agreement prospects would be increased if more equitable exchange quotas could be given immediately to importers of American goods.
969
Sept. 24 (697) From the Consul General at Montevideo
Information regarding the option for U. S. exporters to transfer funds through the free market or to accept Government bonds in satisfaction of deferred exchange.
970
Dec. 6 (721) From the Consul General at Montevideo
Uruguayan consideration of desirability of an increased quota for American goods, in view of recent increases in Uruguayan exports to the United States.
971