List of Papers

(Unless otherwise specified, the correspondence is from or to officials in the Department of State.)

CHILE

Efforts of the Department of State To Secure Equitable Treatment for American Interests With Respect to Chilean Exchange Restrictions

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Jan. 5 (1) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Advice of Chilean proposal offering to lift all control or exchange restrictions with reference to American interests in Chile; recommendation that proposal be accepted as basis for an agreement.
1
Jan. 6 (7) To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Request for further information as to scope of proposal.
2
Jan. 9 (3) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Information as to scope of Chilean proposal.
2
Jan. 11 (10) To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Inquiry as to how proposal will affect treatment accorded American interests by the Exchange Control Commission; also as to whether similar proposal has been made to the British Government.
3
Jan. 13 (4) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Information as to status of Exchange Control Commission under terms of Chilean proposal, and of British consideration of a similar proposal.
4
Jan. 16 (13) To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Department’s understanding of proposal as regards functioning of Exchange Control Commission in relation to importers of American goods.
5
Jan. 19 (7) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Information confirming Department’s understanding.
6
Jan. 25 (14) To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Instructions to request from Chilean authorities official estimates of certain exchange totals, and to convey Department’s views relative to limitation of accessibility to the free exchange market.
7
Jan. 27 (11) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Advice concerning estimates of exchange availabilities for 1933.
3
Feb. 5 (18) To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Instructions to investigate possible Chilean discrimination against American locomotive interests (Baldwin Locomotive Works).
9
Feb. 6 (17) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Advice that question has been discussed with representatives of the Baldwin Locomotive Works and that an interview with the Foreign Office has been arranged.
9
[Page VIII]Feb. 8 (18) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Discussion with Foreign Minister, who intends to take up matter of alleged discrimination with Finance Minister.
10
Feb. 8 (19) To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Advice that Chilean Ambassador has been apprised of the U. S. viewpoint on equality of treatment in trade and exchange matters.
10
Feb. 17 (21) To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Department’s willingness to accept Chile’s exchange proposal for a trial period; enumeration of points to be conveyed to the Government as Department’s understanding thereof.
10
Feb. 21 (54) From the Ambassador in Chile
Advice that a memorandum embodying substance of Department’s telegram No. 21, February 17, has been submitted to the Foreign Office; summary of comments made on the various points by the Minister of Hacienda.
12
Feb. 21 (23) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Information that both American and German companies have submitted bids for sale of locomotives to Chile, but that no decision has yet been reached as to which bid will be accepted.
15
Mar. 14 (69) From the Ambassador in Chile
Transmittal of report prepared in the Embassy in regard to the frozen credit aspect of the exchange problem.
15
Mar. 17 (33) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Summary of Foreign Office reply to U. S. memorandum referred to in despatch No. 54, February 21.
16
Mar. 28 (77) From the Ambassador in Chile
Memorandum submitted to the Foreign Office on March 27 (text printed) incorporating revisions of the original U. S. memorandum; explanation of the revisions.
18
Apr. 11 (86) From the Ambassador in Chile
Report on developments in British-Chilean exchange negotiations.
25
Apr. 25 (35) To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Inquiry as to interpretation of certain phraseology used in the memorandum of March 27.
27
Apr. 25 (95) From the Ambassador in Chile
Report of progress in Chilean liquidation of U. S. frozen credits.
27
May 8 (44) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Clarification of phraseology as requested in Department’s telegram No. 35, April 25.
28
May 22 (38) To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Authorization to formulate a draft agreement with Chile on the basis of the March 27 memorandum, and instructions to submit a memorandum to the Foreign Office setting forth U. S. position on most-favored-nation treatment in the liquidation of frozen credits.
29
[Page IX]May 24 (46) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Willingness of Foreign Office to work out draft agreement; its position on most-favored-nation treatment.
29
June 1 (41) To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
U. S. refusal to accept Foreign Office position relative to most-favored-nation treatment.
30
June 2 (50) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Belief that Department’s insistence upon the maintenance of its position on the frozen credits question will result in termination of the present negotiations.
30
July 5 (52) To the Ambassador in Chile
Notification of the forthcoming visit to Santiago and certain other South American capitals of John H. Williams, economist of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, and of the purpose of his mission on foreign exchange problems.
31
July 9 (51) To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Instructions to hold present negotiations in abeyance pending an opportunity to discuss the matter with Mr. Williams.
32
July 18 (152) From the Ambassador in Chile
Report on measures taken by the Caja de Previsión de Empleados Particulares to convert dollar accounts, held by American depositors, into Chilean pesos at an unsatisfactory rate of exchange; note sent to Foreign Minister dated July 17 (text printed) requesting rescission of the Caja’s action.
32
Aug. 8 (61) To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Approval of action taken by the Ambassador in presenting note of July 17 to the Foreign Office.
37
Aug. 14 (167) From the Ambassador in Chile
Arrival of Mr. Williams in Santiago, and efforts made to assist him in appraisal of the exchange situation; memorandum of a conversation between Mr. Williams and the Minister of Hacienda (text printed), and memorandum of August 8 prepared by Mr. Williams (text printed) setting forth his views and conclusions.
38
Aug. 14 (168) From the Ambassador in Chile
Account of efforts to obtain a suitable reply from Chilean authorities to U.S. representations for rescission of the action taken by the Caja.
49
Oct. 17 (211) From the Ambassador in Chile
Foreign Office note, October 11 (text printed), setting forth terms of settlement offered by Chile for repayment of American dollar accounts in the Caja; request for an indication of Department’s attitude.
51
Nov. 5 (78) To the Chargé in Chile (tel.)
Instructions to inform Chilean Government that the United States will make no further representations if the proposed settlement is effected; also to obtain, if possible, payment of interest charges on the deposits for the past 3 years.
53
[Page X]Nov. 21 (108) From the Chargé in Chile (tel.)
Advice that arrangements are being completed for repayment of American dollar accounts, and that Government plans also to remit past interest charges.
54
Nov. 23 (81) To the Chargé in Chile (tel.)
Gratification over Embassy’s success in obtaining more favorable terms for the American interests involved.
54
Dec. 4 (240) From the Chargé in Chile
Information that American depositors have been advised as to terms of the settlement and that Chilean officials have indicated their willingness to cooperate in expediting payments.
55

Protest Against Chilean Sales Tax on Fixed Chargés as Applied to the American Government and Its Diplomatic Officers

Date and number Subject Page
1933 June 21 (1487) From the Ambassador in Chile
Information of new Chilean tax law providing for a 2% sales tax on all commercial transactions, including those of foreign diplomats; request for instructions as to whether tax in general should be protested, or whether protest should be limited to payment of taxes on fixed charges, such as bills for rent, telephone, electricity, etc.
56
July 29 (38) To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Instructions to limit protest to payment of tax on fixed charges.
57
Oct. 3 (1551) From the Chargé in Chile
Foreign Office memorandum dated September 29 (text printed) which was sent in reply to an Embassy memorandum protesting against U.S. payment of the new tax on fixed charges.
58
Dec. 18 (21) From the Ambassador in Chile
Receipt of inquiry from the Chile Telephone Company relative to payment of the sales tax on telephone services rendered the Embassy; request for instructions.
60
1934 Jan. 10 (8) To the Ambassador in Chile
Instructions to call attention of Foreign Office to Department’s circular note of October 12, 1932 (text printed) relating to U.S. position on tax payments by foreign diplomatic officers.
60
July 3 (137) From the Ambassador in Chile
Advice that Chilean Government is unwilling to waive imposition of the tax and attributes its inability to do so to political reasons.
62
Sept. 26 (92) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Request for authorization to settle accounts with electric light, telephone, and other companies which are overdue because of Embassy’s refusal to pay the 2% tax.
64
[Page XI]Oct. 15 (73) To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Authorization to settle the accounts referred to, and instructions to renew protest against the tax.
64
Nov. 8 (224) From the Chargé in Chile
Information that the Foreign Office, in answer to a U.S. note protesting against the tax, has definitely refused to take any affirmative action.
64

COLOMBIA

Negotiations Respecting a New Trade Agreement Between the United States and Colombia To Replace the Agreement of December 15, 1933

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Aug. 28 (55) To the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Information that the United States desires to bring the provisions of the 1933 trade agreement with Colombia into force under the recently enacted Trade Agreements Act; instructions to ascertain Colombian attitude as to signature of a new agreement and plans for obtaining legislative approval thereof.
66
Sept. 1 (69) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Colombian willingness to sign a new agreement, and Government’s plans for legislative approval.
67
Sept. 22 (58) To the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Instructions to submit details of the legislative and administrative steps at present necessary to put the trade agreement into effect in Colombia.
68
Sept. 24 (74) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Information on legislative procedure in the ratification of treaties by Colombia.
69
Sept. 25 (78) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s view that Congress will not adjourn before the end of the year.
70
Nov. 23 (92) From the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Colombian anxiety over reports that the United States will propose important changes in the 1933 agreement; belief that some indication of U. S. intentions should be given to Colombian Government immediately.
70
Dec. 1 (66) To the Minister in Colombia (tel.)
Advice that substance of proposed changes in the agreement will be sent within the next few days.
71
Dec. 10 Memorandum of a Conversation Between the Assistant Secretary of State and the Colombian Chargé
Submission to the Chargé of an aide-mémoire (infra) embodying U. S. proposed changes in the 1933 agreement.
71
Dec. 10 To the Colombian Embassy
Aide-mémoire explaining changes suggested by United States in proposed agreement; draft of agreement (text printed) as it would appear if suggested changes were made.
72
[Page XII]Dec. 10 (106) To the Minister in Colombia
Transmittal of copy of the aide-mémoire and draft agreement; request that an attempt be made to ascertain Colombian reaction to U. S. proposals.
82
Dec. 17 (109) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Improbability that action will be taken on the commercial treaty before termination of the present session of Congress.
82
Dec. 26 (72) To the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Inquiry as to whether Colombian reaction to U. S. proposals has been obtained.
83
Dec. 26 (112) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Information that no serious study of proposals has been made, but that Foreign Office Secretary has expressed concern over the changes regarding municipal and state taxes, and over article 10.
83
Dec. 29 (74) To the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Department’s views regarding the changes referred to by the Foreign Office Secretary, and instructions to discuss the matter further with him.
83
Dec. 31 (115) From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Inquiry as to whether the Colombian Government had ever received assurances as to U. S. waiver of the municipal sales tax on coffee.
85
1935 Jan. 9 (2) To the Chargé in Colombia (tel.)
Information that no assurances concerning the coffee tax had been given.
85

COSTA RICA

Preliminary Discussions Respecting a Trade Agreement Between the United States and Costa Rica

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Dec. 18 (36) From the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)
Costa Rican desire to negotiate a new commercial treaty with the United States as a substitute for the existing treaty ratified in 1852.
86
1934 Jan. 4 (10) To the Minister in Costa Rica
Instructions to take matter up with the Foreign Minister in order to ascertain the character of the agreement which his Government has in mind; outline of Department’s views as to basis of proposed agreement.
87
Jan. 17 (93) From the Minister in Costa Rica
Discussions with Costa Rican officials during which Department’s views were set forth.
88
July 17 (28) To the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)
Instructions to ascertain whether Government is agreeable to initiation of exploratory conversations not later than September 1.
90
[Page XIII]July 18 (35) From the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)
Costa Rican agreement with Department as to date for beginning of conversations.
90
Sept. 4 (35) To the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)
Inquiry as to whether Government is agreeable to public notice being given of U. S. intention to negotiate the new agreement.
90
Sept. 6 (48) From the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)
Advice that Costa Rica is agreeable to U. S. plan to give public notice.
91
Sept. 10 (37) To the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)
Instructions to inform Foreign Minister that public notice was given September 7.
91
Sept. 29 (50) From the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)
Advice concerning legislative steps necessary to put proposed agreement into effect in Costa Rica.
91
Dec. 21 (120) To the Minister in Costa Rica
Information that Department’s Country Committee on Trade Agreements, at present preparing a list of concessions to be sought from Honduras, will shortly resume and complete discussion of Costa Rica, to be followed by Nicaragua and El Salvador.
(Footnote: The same to El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua.)
92

CUBA

Recognition of the Provisional Government of Cuba

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Jan. 6 (5) To the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
From Assistant Secretary of State Welles: Conversation with Márquez Sterling, Provisional President Grau’s appointee to the office of Secretary of State, who stated that he had sent his resignation from that office to Dr. Grau.
93
Jan. 8 (6) To the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Advice of pressure being brought to bear on the British Government for recognition of the Grau San Martin régime in Cuba.
93
Jan. 10 (9) To the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
From Welles: Information that Márquez Sterling has withdrawn his resignation, that he plans to return to Habana for the purpose of urging Grau to modify his present policy in order to secure recognition by the United States and other Republics.
94
Jan. 10 (5) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Report on situation in Cuba and efforts being made toward conciliation of the Grau régime and the opposition groups.
95
Jan. 11 (7) From the Personal Representatvie of the President (tel.)
Conversation with Grau, who indicated the conditions under which he stated he would be willing to resign.
97
[Page XIV]Jan. 13 (9) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Private interview between Sergeant Batista and Mendieta, leader of the Union Nacionalista Party, in which the possible formation of a new government under the presidency of Mendieta was discussed.
97
Jan. 14 (12) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Mendieta’s willingness to assume the presidency only if he knows in advance that the United States will recognize him; request for authority to accord the necessary recognition.
98
Jan. 14 (14) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Opinion that a government headed by Mendieta and supported by Batista would represent a majority of the Cuban people.
99
Jan. 14 (15) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Urgent request for indication as to U. S. recognition of Mendieta.
99
Jan. 14 (16) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Advice that it is hoped to include some representation of opposition groups in proposed Mendieta Cabinet.
99
Jan. 14 (17) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
For Welles: Receipt of information that all opposition groups will accept Mendieta as President.
99
Jan. 14 (12) To the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Communication of President’s decision regarding the pledging of U. S. recognition to Cuban provisional governments.
100
Jan. 15 (20) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Indication that the President’s position is understood.
100
Jan. 15 (21) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Information that an attempt has been in the making to nominate Carlos Hevia, present Secretary of Agriculture, as Provisional President.
100
Jan. 15 (22) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Decision of officers’ junta to support Hevia for the presidency.
101
Jan. 15 (24) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Grau’s relinquishment of the presidency to Hevia.
101
Jan. 16 (26) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Information that Hevia has taken the oath of office and that in protest, Dr. Guiteras, Secretary of the Interior in the Grau Cabinet, has been making plans to call strikes of certain American-owned public companies.
102
Jan. 16 (30) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Advice of divided opinion in the Mendieta group with regard to support of Hevia.
102
Jan. 17 (31) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Exchange of messages with Hevia in connection with the threatened public utilities strike.
102
Jan. 17 (36) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Batista’s decision to declare Mendieta President in view of the strike situation and Hevia’s inability to secure the full support of the Mendieta group.
103
[Page XV]Jan. 17 (37) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Batista’s decision to delay his declaration in order to have time to consult Mendieta.
103
Jan. 17 (39) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Advice that Batista has sent word that his negotiations with the Navy are proceeding favorably.
104
Jan. 17 (40) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Information that Batista has thus far prevented a general public utilities strike.
104
Jan. 18 (42) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Advice that the Navy has agreed to withdraw its opposition to Mendieta and that Hevia is prepared to resign.
104
Jan. 18 (43) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Information that Hevia has left the Palace; that presidency is now in the hands of the Secretary of State, who will convoke a meeting of representatives of all the political groups to select a new President.
105
Jan. 18 (49) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Belief that Mendieta government will have widespread support and will be capable of maintaining law and order; also that most Latin American representatives in Cuba will recommend recognition.
105
Jan. 19 (370) From the Chargé in Cuba
Information that Mendieta has assumed the office of Provisional President of Cuba and has been greeted in Habana with enthusiasm.
105
Jan. 22 (60) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Advice that government is maintaining order and is carrying out normal governmental functions.
106
Jan. 22 (376) From the Chargé in Cuba
Departure of Grau San Martin from Cuba for a visit to Mexico.
106
Jan. 23 (15) To the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Instructions to extend formal U. S. recognition to the Government of Cuba.
107
Jan. 23 (68) From the Personal Representative of the President (tel.)
Advice that formal recognition has been extended.
107

Reciprocal Trade Agreement Between the United States and Cuba, Signed August 24, 1934

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Jan. 26 (394) From the Ambassador in Cuba
Commercial Attaché’s memorandum of January 20 (text printed) outlining reasons why negotiations for a new commercial treaty between Cuba and the United States should continue to be held In Habana rather than in Washington.
108
Jan. 31 (92) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Inquiry of Cuban Secretary of State as to feasibility of an agreement increasing trade preferentials reciprocally before the signing of a trade agreement.
110
[Page XVI]Feb. 6 (43) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Approval of recommendations contained in Commercial Attaché’s memorandum of January 20; instructions to resume negotiations and to press them as far as possible to a speedy conclusion.
110
Feb. 12 (507) From the Ambassador in Cuba
Plans of Cuban Government to appoint a commission to represent Cuba in the negotiations.
110
Feb. 17 (161) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Preliminary discussions with three Cabinet members; submission of three pertinent questions for Department’s decision.
111
Feb. 19 (166) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Further discussion with the three Cabinet members; information that negotiations between U. S. and Cuban technical advisers will begin immediately.
111
Feb. 21 (51) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Department’s decision on the three questions submitted in Ambassador’s telegram No. 161, February 17.
112
Mar. 9 (46) From the Ambassador in Cuba
Tentative draft (text printed) of proposed general provisions for the new commercial convention.
112
Mar. 28 Press Release Issued by the Department of State
Statement by Assistant Secretary of State Sayre in refutation of reports in the press and elsewhere alleging that the United States is making commitments to various foreign countries regarding duty on products imported from those countries.
117
Apr. 3 (60) To the Ambassador in Cuba
Detailed information for guidance on certain basic questions which will probably come up for decision in the course of negotiations.
117
Apr. 3 (61) To the Ambassador in Cuba
Supplementary information respecting Department’s position on question of seeking increased rates of duty on importations from foreign countries, with comments on extraordinary condition presented by recent trend of Japanese competition.
124
Apr. 11 From the American Technical Advisers to the Ambassador in Cuba
Comments on information communicated by the Department in its instructions Nos. 60 and 61, April 3.
125
Apr. 13 From the American Technical Advisers to the Ambassador in Cuba
Detailed information on the subject of Japanese and Belgian competition in Cuba; suggestion that in certain cases, in order to meet or remove this competition, the United States should request increased general rates in the Cuban tariff.
129
Apr. 23 (97) To the Ambassador in Cuba
Explanation of Department’s views on the binding of maximum rates of duty on specified American products.
134
Apr. 24 (101) To the Ambassador in Cuba
Advice that henceforth, for the purpose of expediting revision of the treaty, it will not be necessary to refer to the Department all counterproposals made in the course of negotiations.
135
[Page XVII]May 2 From the American Technical Advisers to the Ambassador in Cuba
Discussion of possible form of the new treaty, and explanation of the merits of the “Decree-Law” form.
136
May 7 From the American Technical Advisers to the Ambassador in Cuba
Inquiry as to whether Department would authorize acceptance of increased preferences on tariff items in those cases where the Cuban authorities are disinclined to reduce general rates of duty.
137
May 19 (153) To the Ambassador in Cuba
Department’s views on Cuban reluctance to grant reductions in general rates of duty.
138
June 12 (91) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Inquiry as to whether Cuban authorities have presented all their requests for concessions.
139
June 13 (319) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Expectation that only a few final requests for concessions are to be received from the Cuban delegates.
140
June 18 [214?] To the Ambassador in Cuba
Observations in connection with the memorandum of April 13 prepared by the American technical Advisers; suggestion of a possible compromise to meet the exigencies of the Cuban situation.
140
June 18 From the American Technical Adviser to the Ambassador in Cuba
Memorandum prepared by the Cuban authorities (text printed) containing certain requests relating to general provisions for the proposed agreement.
141
(Note: Citation to text of notice of intention to negotiate agreement.) 142
July 26 (286) To the Ambassador in Cuba
Detailed information as to the concessions which the United States is prepared to offer to the Cuban Government.
143
July 28 (289) To the Ambassador in Cuba
Draft of general provisions of proposed trade agreement (text printed).
146
July 28 (292) To the Ambassador in Cuba
Suggestions for preparation of schedules; approval of “Decree-Law” form for the new treaty as recommended in the memorandum of May 2 by the American Technical Advisers.
153
July 30 (297) To the Ambassador in Cuba
Instructions to recede from the previously quoted U. S. rate on white, red, and pink beans in view of the receipt of information as to Chilean participation in the Cuban import trade of those beans.
154
Aug. 1 To the Cuban Embassy
Official notification of concessions which the United States is prepared to make to Cuba.
155
[Page XVIII]Aug. 1 (302) To the Ambassador in Cuba
Instructions to request Cuban concurrence, by means of an exchange of notes, in restriction of the exportation of avocados to the United States during certain months of each year; draft of proposed notes (texts printed).
156
Aug. 1 (121) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Suggested procedure for expediting final preparation of agreement.
157
Aug. 2 (370) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Report on first impressions of the Cuban delegation upon receipt of U. S. concessions.
158
Aug. 4 (1032) From the Ambassador in Cuba
Information that Cuban delegates will not be prepared to offer their observations on the general provisions suggested by the United States until August 10 or 11.
158
Aug. 7 (123) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Amendments which Department desires to have incorporated into the draft general provisions transmitted with instruction No. 289, July 28.
158
Aug. 7 (124) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Text of a further amendment to the draft general provisions.
160
Aug. 7 From the American Technical Adviser to the Ambassador in Cuba
Acceptance by Cuban authorities of certain articles of the general provisions, their observations on others to follow shortly.
161
Aug. 10 (379) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Cuban delegation’s counteroffer to the U. S. stipulation on sugar and tobacco concessions.
161
Aug. 10 (380) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Cuban request for exception of edible fats and oils and cigarettes from the prohibition against quotas.
162
Aug. 11 (135) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Department’s views on Cuban request.
162
Aug. 11 (137) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Department’s attitude toward Cuban counterproposal communicated in telegram No. 379, August 10.
163
Aug. 15 (393) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Desire for Department’s views on seeking Cuban agreement to an immediate reduction of the consular invoice fee.
164
Aug. 15 To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Department’s opinion that immediate reduction of consular fee is advisable and should be sought.
164
Aug. 15 (394) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Cuban request that proposed reduction of consular fee be delayed until July 1, 1935.
164
Aug. 15 (396) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Cuban request for elimination of a certain phrase contained in new article 5 of the general provisions.
164
[Page XIX]Aug. 15 (143) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Authorization to accede to Cuban request set forth in telegram No. 394, August 15.
165
Aug. 16 (149) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Authorization to agree to deletion requested in new article 5, and instructions to present an aide-mémoire setting forth U. S. understanding of the amended article.
165
Aug. 18 From the American Technical Adviser to the Ambassador in Cuba
Submission of proposal relating to preparation, scope, and effective date of Cuban decree law to be promulgated after signature of agreement.
165
Aug. 20 (424) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
For Welles: Notification of departure for Washington of American technical adviser and certain Cuban officials to participate in final consultations with Department.
167
Aug. 21 (426) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Urgent request for Department’s views on proposal outlined in American technical adviser’s memorandum of August 18.
167
Aug. 21 (169) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Department’s approval of proposal.
168
Aug. 23 (443) From the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that President of Cuba proposes to sign decree law on August 24.
168
Aug. 24 Reciprocal Trade Agreement Between the United States of America and Cuba
Text of agreement signed at Washington.
169
Aug. 24 To the Cuban Secretary of State
Statement of U. S. understanding with respect to Cuban exportation of avocados and pineapple slips to the United States.
176
Aug. 24 From the Cuban Secretary of State
Confirmation of U. S. understanding.
176
Aug. 24 Press Release Issued by the Department of State
Statement by the Secretary of State officially announcing conclusion of trade agreement with Cuba.
177
Aug. 24 Press Release Issued by the Department of State
Statement by the Cuban Secretary of State expressing his Government’s pleasure over signature of the new agreement.
178
Aug. 24 From the President of Cuba to President Roosevelt (tel.)
Expression of gratitude over negotiation of agreement.
178
Aug. 24 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs
Record of conversation held on August 23 with the Swiss Chargé during which reference was made to the special position of the United States in regard to her treaty relations with Cuba.
179
Aug. 25 (447) From the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Enthusiastic public reception of the trade agreement in Cuba.
179
[Page XX]Aug. 25 (181) To the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Instructions relative to attainment of substantial harmony between texts of the decree law and the trade agreement.
180
Aug. 25 From the President of Cuba (tel.)
Expression of gratitude for good intentions manifested in conclusion of agreement.
180
Aug. 27 To the President of Cuba (tel.)
Appreciation for message of August 25.
181
Aug. 29 From President Roosevelt to the President of Cuba (tel.)
Reciprocation of sentiments expressed in message of August 24.
181
Aug. 29 (184) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Advice that Inter-Departmental Committee for Foreign Trade desires frequent reports evidencing concrete results of agreement.
181

Appeal of President Mendieta to President Roosevelt for Assistance in Solving the Cuban Sugar Problem

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Feb. 5 From the President of Cuba to President Roosevelt (tel.)
Request for assistance in solution of the difficulties facing the Cuban sugar industry.
182
Feb. 8 From President Roosevelt to the President of Cuba (tel.)
Intention to recommend immediate remedial action by the United States which will contribute to Cuban economic rehabilitation.
182
Feb. 12 From the Cuban Ambassador
Gratitude of the Cuban Government for the part of President Roosevelt’s message to Congress relating to Cuba.
182

Treaty of Relations Between the United States and Cuba, Signed May 29, 1934

Date and number Subject Page
1934 May 29 Treaty of Relations Between the United States of America and the Republic of Cuba
Text of treaty signed at Washington.
183
(Note: Information relative to negotiation of treaty.) 185

Restrictions on the Exportation of Arms and Munitions of War to Cuba

Date and number Subject Page
1934 June 29 To President Roosevelt
Request for President’s signature of a proclamation designed to make possible U. S. supervision and control of the exportation of arms and munitions to Cuba to enable that country to maintain peace and tranquility.
185
July 7 To the Cuban Ambassador
Transmittal of the President’s Proclamation restricting the exportation of arms and munitions of war to Cuba.
187
July 12 (131) From the Cuban Ambassador
Acknowledgment of letter of July 7, and expression of appreciation for the action taken.
187
[Page XXI]

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

Agreement Between the Representatives of the Foreign Bondholders Protective Council, Inc., and the Dominican Republic Regarding the External Debts of the Dominican Republic

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Jan. 3 (1375) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Review of efforts made to urge upon Dominican officials the desirability of making a further remittance from the surplus accumulated in the Emergency Fund for amortization of the external debt; request for authorization to deliver a further note to the Dominican Government.
189
Jan. 13 (2) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Instructions to inform Foreign Minister of the U. S. expectation that Dominican Government will communicate promptly with the Foreign Bondholders Protective Council on the matter in question.
192
Jan. 16 (2) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Report on attitude of the Foreign Minister and his indication that representatives would probably be sent to United States to negotiate with the Bondholders Council.
193
Jan. 23 (3) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Advice that President Trujillo is unwilling to have any remittance made pending results of the forthcoming negotiations between Dominican representatives and the Foreign Bondholders Protective Council.
194
Jan. 25 (5) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Information as to report that President Trujillo has been given certain assurances from Washington regarding the Emergency Fund surplus, which are at variance with Department’s official instructions.
195
Jan. 27 (3) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Advice that no commitments have been made at variance with official instructions; desire that no further statement be made to Dominican authorities regarding the matter unless otherwise instructed.
195
Feb. 5 (7) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Information that Government’s internal revenue adviser plans to fly to Washington to endeavor to expedite negotiations with the Bondholders Council.
196
Apr. 21 (10) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Receipt of unofficial information as to Dominican efforts to enlist the cooperation of American sugar interests in expediting debt negotiations.
196
Apr. 26 (1565) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Conversation with the Foreign Minister in regard to status of negotiations.
197
June 18 Memorandum by the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Record of conversation with the Finance Minister relative to progress of negotiations.
197
Aug. 7 From the Dominican Minister
Information on agreement reached between Dominican representatives and the Foreign Bondholders Protective Council.
199
Aug. 16 To the Dominican Minister
Expression of gratitude over favorable conclusion of negotiations.
201
[Page XXII]

Settlement by Dominican Government of Claim for Murder of Eduardo colom y Piris, an American Citizen, Without Regard to Legal Liability

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Mar. 27 (241) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Outline of events in connection with murder in Dominican Republic of Eduardo Colom y Piris, an American citizen; instructions to present to the Foreign Office a formal claim in the amount of $5,000 for Colom’s death.
202
Apr. 5 (1531) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Foreign Minister’s attitude toward U. S. presentation of a formal diplomatic claim.
204
Apr. 18 (249) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Instructions to keep case before Foreign Office attention and to press for a settlement; emphasis on purpose of demanding indemnity in this type of case.
205
May 23 (1622) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Foreign Minister’s advice that Colom case has been turned over to the Legal Adviser of the Executive Power for an opinion.
206
Aug. 8 (1807) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Foreign Minister’s reference to difficulties being encountered in formulating Government’s position, and his intimation that the difficulties are related to President Trujillo’s attitude.
206
Sept. 8 (272) To the Chargé in the Dominican Republic
Inquiry as to the possibility of ascertaining the basis of President Trujillo’s alleged attitude.
207
Sept. 26 (1916) From the Chargé in the Dominican Republic
Dominican willingness to pay the claim if this could be done without an admission of legal liability; expression of opinion as to the probable basis for Trujillo’s attitude.
208
Oct. 24 (278) To the Chargé in the Dominican Republic
Instructions to inform Foreign Minister of Department’s willingness to consider the matter concluded by payment of $5,000 as a solatium without regard to the question of legal liability.
209
Nov. 17 (2008) From the Chargé in the Dominican Republic
Foreign Office note (text printed) enclosing a check for $5,000 payable to the order of the U. S. Secretary of State.
210

ECUADOR

Disinclination of the Department of State To Authorize Representations on Behalf of Missionaries Denied Permission To Take Up Residence in Ecuador

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Nov. 12 (1621) From the Minister in Ecuador
Advice that Legation has been requested to make representations to the Ecuadoran Government with a view to obtaining permission for three American missionaries to reside in Ecuador; belief that such representations would be inadvisable in view of certain Ecuadoran legislative provisions.
212
Dec. 8 (309) To the Minister in Ecuador
Concurrence in view expressed in Minister’s despatch of November 12.
215
[Page XXIII]

EL SALVADOR

Recognition of the Martinez Government of El Salvador by Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua, and by the United States

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Jan. 3 (2) From the Acting Secretary of State to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Submission of a plan providing for eventual recognition of the Salvadoran government by Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and the United States.
(Footnote: Information that the Secretary of State was in Santiago, Chile, en route from the Conference of American States at Montevideo.)
216
Jan. 5 From the Secretary of State to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Expression of interest in recognition plan, and indication that plan might be submitted to President Roosevelt for his approval.
217
Jan. 8 To President Roosevelt
Submission of recognition plan and suggested procedure for putting it into effect.
(Footnote: President’s approval.)
218
Jan. 8 (2) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Report on remarks made by President Sacasa relative to his Government’s attitude toward the Central American treaty of 1923 and the recognition of El Salvador.
220
Jan. 9 (2) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to submit to President Sacasa suggested plan for recognition of El Salvador by his Government and by Guatemala, Honduras, and the United States.
221
Jan. 10 (4) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
President Sacasa’s approval of plan; communication of certain suggestions made by him relative to its advancement.
222
Jan. 11 (6) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Substantial text of agreement which President plans to submit, through a confidential representative, first to the President of El Salvador and then to the Presidents of Guatemala and Honduras.
224
Jan. 12 (4) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to suggest informally to President Sacasa the advisability of sending his representative to the Presidents of Guatemala and Honduras before the Salvadoran President is approached.
225
Jan. 12 (1) To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Information concerning the initiative taken by the Nicaraguan President in connection with the Salvadoran recognition plan.
(Footnote: The same telegram to the Ministers in Costa Rica and Honduras.)
225
Jan. 13 (8) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Draft protocol (text printed) to be submitted by the Nicaraguan representative to the Honduran and Guatemalan Presidents.
226
Jan. 13 (9) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Outline of procedure contemplated by President Sacasa relative to the dispatch of his personal representative; his desire for informal good offices of U. S. representatives in countries to be visited.
227
[Page XXIV]Jan. 14 (11) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
President Sacasa’s advice that Guatemalan President desires some direct word from the Department as to U. S. attitude toward plan.
228
Jan. 15 (3) To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Instructions to inform President Ubico that Department approves of plan and hopes that he will agree to it.
229
Jan. 15 (5) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Advice that Legations in Guatemala, Honduras, and Costa Rica were authorized on January 12 to express Department’s approval of plan.
229
Jan. 15 (6) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that Legation in Guatemala has been instructed to communicate with President Ubico in the sense suggested in telegram No. 11, January 14.
230
Jan. 15 (1) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Advice that President Ubico is notifying President Sacasa that he agrees to the plan and will be glad to fix a date for the recognition announcement.
230
Jan. 16 (3) From the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)
Approval by the President and Foreign Minister of Sacasa’s activities, and their promise of full cooperation.
230
Jan. 16 (2) From the Chargé in El Salvador (tel.)
Request for information concerning Nicaraguan President’s plan.
231
Jan. 16 (12) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Efforts toward correcting the Guatemalan impression that the United States had initiated the recognition plan.
231
Jan. 16 (13) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that Nicaraguan representative has been instructed to submit the draft protocol to President Ubico.
232
Jan. 16 (14) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that the Honduran Chargé has left for Tegucigalpa to present Sacasa’s plan to his Government.
233
Jan. 16 (98) From the Secretary of State to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Communication of opinion expressed by the American Minister in Colombia that the existing nonrecognition policy toward El Salvador should be preserved.
233
Jan. 17 (1) To the Chargé in El Salvador (tel.)
Transmittal of information concerning the recognition plan, U. S. approval, and procedure which Sacasa will follow in presenting it to the interested governments.
234
Jan. 17 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Conversation with the Guatemalan Minister, whose understanding of U. S. attitude toward the Nicaraguan proposal was confirmed.
234
Jan. 17 (2) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Information that President Ubico and the Nicaraguan representative have agreed on January 25 as the date for recognition.
235
[Page XXV]Jan. 17 (15) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Advice of Guatemalan President’s desire for modification of plan set out in the Nicaraguan protocol; also, of Nicaraguan President’s request for support of the original protocol by American representatives in Honduras and Guatemala.
236
Jan. 18 (3) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Conversation with Acting Foreign Minister relative to President Ubico’s objections to certain features of the Sacasa plan.
(Repeated to Nicaragua.)
237
Jan. 18 (4) To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Instructions to express to President Ubico Department’s hope that he will support the Sacasa protocol in its original form.
238
Jan. 18 (8) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Advice of instructions sent to the Chargé in Guatemala in telegram No. 4, January 18; request that text of protocol be telegraphed to the Legation in Honduras.
239
Jan. 18 (16) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that President Sacasa has sent a copy of his protocol to the Honduran President urging that it be accepted without change.
239
Jan. 18 (2) From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Conversation with President Carfas, who gave the impression of favoring the Sacasa protocol.
240
Jan. 18 (17) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Advice that information contained in telegram No. 3, January 18, from the Chargé in Guatemala has not been communicated to the Nicaraguan Government.
240
Jan. 18 (18) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Nicaraguan receipt of telegram from President of Honduras stating that he is awaiting the Nicaraguan representative’s arrival in order to fix the form of recognition and to learn more of the Sacasa plan.
241
Jan. 18 (19) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that protocol has been telegraphed to Legation in Honduras in accordance with instructions.
241
Jan. 19 (6) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Conversation with President Ubico, who spoke in detail of the features of Sacasa’s plan to which he objected.
241
Jan. 19 (9) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Department’s views relative to a meeting place for the Conference of Central American States proposed in the Sacasa plan.
243
Jan. 19 (20) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Sacasa’s receipt of telegrams from President Ubico and the Nicaraguan representative indicating Guatemalan reluctance to adopt the protocol.
243
Jan. 20 (10) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to communicate to President Sacasa a suggested procedure for breaking the apparent impasse created by President Ubico’s attitude.
244
[Page XXVI]Jan. 20 (21) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Outline of concessions which Sacasa is willing to make to meet Ubico’s views.
245
Jan. 21 (23) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Advice as to Sacasa’s acceptance of Ubico’s views in principle.
246
Jan. 21 (24) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Efforts to expedite agreement prior to the proposed recognition date of January 25.
246
Jan. 22 (8) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Outline of procedure agreed to by President Ubico. (Repeated to Honduras and Nicaragua.)
247
Jan. 22 (4) From the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)
Inquiry as to desirability of accepting Government’s invitation to an official dinner in honor of a special mission from El Salvador.
247
Jan. 22 (3) From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Information that President Cartas has sent a message to President Ubico of Guatemala with a view to reconciling differences in methods.
248
Jan. 22 (2) To the Chargé in El Salvador (tel.)
Advice of possible alteration in form of agreement looking to Salvadoran recognition.
(Footnote: Similar telegram to the Minister in Costa Rica.)
248
Jan. 22 (3) To the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)
Instructions to decline invitation referred to in telegram No. 4, January 22, inasmuch as the United States has not recognized the Salvadoran government.
249
Jan. 23 (25) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that Presidents Ubico and Carías are in agreement as to procedure but that date of recognition appears to be unsettled.
249
Jan. 23 (9) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
President Ubico’s agreement to recognition on January 25.
250
Jan. 24 (4) From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
President Cartas’ agreement to recognition date of January 25.
250
Jan. 24 (26) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s advice that definite arrangements have been made with Honduras and Guatemala for simultaneous recognition.
250
Jan. 24 (10) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Foreign Office advice that everything is arranged for recognition.
251
Jan. 24 (6) From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Information that President Carías plans to send a telegram to Martinez and to issue a formal decree announcing recognition.
251
Jan. 24 (27) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Substance of decree which President Sacasa plans to issue in announcement of recognition.
251
[Page XXVII]Jan. 25 (12) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Advice of Guatemalan recognition by means of a telegram to Salvador and a Foreign Office press statement.
252
Jan. 25 (28) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information relative to President Sacasa’s telegram and decree marking recognition of Martinez Government.
253
Jan. 25 (7) From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Substance of decree alluded to in telegram No. 6, January 24.
253
Jan. 25 (29) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Nicaraguan decree (text printed) referred to in telegram No. 28, January 25.
254
Jan. 25 (4) From the Chargé in El Salvador (tel.)
Notification from the Foreign Office of extension of recognition by Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua.
254
Jan. 25 To President Roosevelt
Advice of Guatemalan, Honduran, and Nicaraguan recognition of the Martinez régime, and request for authorization to extend official U. S. recognition.
(Footnote: Approval by President Roosevelt.)
255
Jan. 26 (5) From the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s expression of pleasure over news of recognition of the Salvadoran Government by Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua.
256
Jan. 26 (4) To the Chargé in El Salvador (tel.)
Instructions to extend formal recognition to the Salvadoran Government.
(Footnote: Extension of recognition in a note to the Foreign Minister, January 26.)
256
Jan. 26 (30) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information relative to proposed convocation of a Conference of Central American States for the purpose of revising the 1923 treaty of peace and amity.
256

Preliminary Discussions Respecting a Trade Agreement Between the United States and El Salvador

Date and number Subject Page
1934 July 20 (21) To the Minister in El Salvador
Consideration of the possibility of concluding a trade agreement with El Salvador, and instructions to ascertain Salvadoran views in the matter.
257
Aug. 30 (32) To the Minister in El Salvador (tel.)
Instructions to inquire as to whether Salvadoran Government is prepared to initiate exploratory conversations at an early date.
258
Aug. 31 (48) From the Minister in El Salvador (tel.)
Information from Foreign Office that question of proposed trade agreement has been referred to the Finance Minister for his consideration and opinion.
258
[Page XXVIII]Sept. 10 (33) To the Minister in El Salvador (tel.)
Instructions to inform Foreign Minister that public notice of U. S. intention to negotiate a trade agreement with El Salvador was given on September 7.
259
Sept. 14 (49) From the Minister in El Salvador (tel.)
Minister of Hacienda’s request for a statement of concessions likely to be asked by the United States.
259
Sept. 20 (32) To the Minister in El Salvador
Advice that the matter of concessions is being studied and that a list will probably be ready for presentation within a few weeks.
259
Sept. 29 (52) From the Minister in El Salvador (tel.)
Information that legislative action will be required for Salvadoran ratification of proposed agreement.
260
Oct. 26 (42) To the Minister in El Salvador
Instructions to make informal representations to the Foreign Minister relative to the recent increase of tariff on cotton imported into El Salvador.
260
Nov. 2 (93) From the Minister in El Salvador
Belief that representations would be inadvisable at this time inasmuch as El Salvador has not yet expressed a desire to negotiate a trade agreement with the United States.
261
Nov. 23 (49) To the Minister in El Salvador
Advice that the Salvadoran Minister, in conversation with Assistant Secretary Welles, had stated his Government’s desire to negotiate a trade agreement before U.S. public notice was given, and that, therefore, Department wishes to have the representations made in the tariff matter.
262

Informal Assistance by the Department of State to Representatives of the Holders of Salvadoran Bonds Under the Loan Contract of June 24, 1922

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Jan. 26 From the Manufacturers Trust Company
Information relative to defaults made by El Salvador in fulfilment of obligations under the loan contract of June 24, 1922, and request that Department review the defaults and take such steps as may be necessary to secure observance of the contract.
263
Mar. 16 From the Bondholders Protective Committee for the Republic of El Salvador
Review of Salvadoran bond situation, with special reference to note from American Minister to Salvadoran Government, July 21, 1922 (text printed); desire for assurance of Department’s support in protecting the interests of the bondholders.
264
Mar. 21 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation between Assistant Secretary Welles and Mr. Gilson, Chairman of the Bondholders Protective Committee, regarding the Committee’s concern over Salvadoran failure to make any remittances so far this year under the existing temporary agreement for servicing of bonds.
266
[Page XXIX]Apr. 3 From the Vice President of the Manufacturers Trust Company
Transmittal of a memorandum of facts in connection with Salvadoran Customs Lien Sinking Fund Bonds of 1922.
268
Apr. 11 (165) To the Chargé in El Salvador
Transmittal of the correspondence of April 3 from Mr. Gilson and the memorandum of conversation between Mr. Gilson and Assistant Secretary Welles on March 21; instructions to make a study of the loan situation and report thereon.
268
May 18 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Conversation with Mr. Gilson, who expressed the view that no change should be made in the existing arrangement between the Salvadoran Government and the bondholders until after the next presidential elections have been held in El Salvador.
269
May 25 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Telephone conversation with Mr. Gilson regarding a cable which he had received from the Salvadoran Finance Minister requesting that consideration be given to some modification of the bond interest.
269
Sept. 8 (67) From the Minister in El Salvador
Report requested in Department’s instruction No. 165, April 11.
270
Oct. 16 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation between Assistant Secretary Welles and Mr. Lisman, of the Bondholders Protective Committee, regarding Committee’s proposal to the Salvadoran Government for extension of the existing temporary agreement to cover the calendar year 1935.
272
Oct. 19 (39) To the Minister in El Salvador
Transmittal of copy of the memorandum of October 16, and instructions to inquire as to the Salvadoran views on the Committee’s proposal.
274
Oct. 25 (91) From the Minister in El Salvador
Foreign Minister’s view that an extension of the present temporary agreement would be feasible; his intention to discuss matter with the President and the Finance Minister.
274
Nov. 20 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation between Assistant Secretary Welles and Messrs. Lisman and Lavis of the Bondholders Committee, wherein Mr. Lavis said that he had been chosen to go to El Salvador to discuss the Committee’s proposal with the Salvadoran Government.
275
Nov. 22 (47) To the Minister in El Salvador
Instructions as to course which Department desires followed in connection with Mr. Lavis’ visit.
276
Nov. 30 (107) From the Minister in El Salvador
Conversation with the Foreign Minister, who stated that, in view of the forthcoming visit of Mr. Lavis, the Council of Ministers had decided that they would like to conclude an entirely new and permanent agreement.
277
Dec. 22 (126) From the Minister in El Salvador
Advice that negotiations between Mr. Lavis and Salvadoran authorities have resulted in the conclusion of a new temporary agreement between the Government and the Bondholders Committee.
277
[Page XXX]

GUATEMALA

Preliminary Discussions Respecting a Trade Agreement Between the United States and Guatemala

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Jan. 4 (9) To the Chargé in Guatemala
Instructions to communicate to the Foreign Minister U. S. suggestions as to basis for exploratory conversations looking toward possible conclusion of a trade agreement.
280
Jan. 16 (52) From the Chargé in Guatemala
Acting Foreign Minister’s desire to delay expression of any definite opinion until he has received a list of probable concessions to be requested by the United States.
281
July 16 (247) From the Minister in Guatemala
Conversation with Foreign Minister, who stated that trade complications with France and Germany have increased his Government’s desire to negotiate a trade arrangement with the United States.
282
July 17 (24) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Information that a list of probable concessions to be asked of Guatemala will be forwarded shortly; instructions to ascertain Guatemalan view on initiating conversations not later than September 1.
283
July 18 (47) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Opinion that Government would now be agreeable to the commencement of conversations.
283
July 24 (258) From the Minister in Guatemala
Conversation with Foreign Minister, who expressed opinion that September 1 would probably be a satisfactory date for beginning conversations.
284
Aug. 3 (51) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s advice that his Government expects to give consideration to any proposals the United States may care to make when conversations are opened.
285
Aug. 7 (52) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Advice that President Ubico is now prepared to begin conversations.
286
Aug. 30 (28) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Instructions to inform Government of Department’s plan to give public notice of U. S. intention to negotiate a trade agreement.
286
Aug. 31 (55) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Advice that Guatemalan Government is prepared to begin negotiations.
286
Sept. 5 (332) From the Minister in Guatemala
Foreign Minister’s proposal that the United States impose a duty on chicle and then exempt Guatemala from payment of the duty, in order to correct contraband traffic in chicle originating in Guatemala.
286
Sept. 10 (30) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Instructions to inform Foreign Minister that public notice of U. S. intention to negotiate a trade agreement with Guatemala was given September 7.
287
[Page XXXI]Sept. 25 (31) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Instructions to make informal representations to Foreign Minister in connection with recent increase in import tariff on automobiles.
287
Sept. 28 (360) From the Minister in Guatemala
Indications that tariff changes will not affect American imports to an appreciable degree, and belief that representations need not be made.
288
Sept. 29 (62) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Information of legislative steps necessary for proposed trade agreement to take effect in Guatemala.
288
Oct. 2 (90) To the Minister in Guatemala
View that Foreign Minister’s proposal communicated in despatch No. 332, September 5, would be in violation of the U. S. policy of unconditional and unrestricted most-favored-nation treatment.
289
Oct. 10 (381) From the Minister in Guatemala
Foreign Minister’s inquiry regarding inclusion in proposed agreement of a provision for U. S. assistance in suppression of the entry into the United States of contraband chicle.
289
Oct. 24 (101) To the Minister in Guatemala
Advice that Department is considering the possibility of meeting Guatemalan wishes by means of certificates of origin on chicle imported into the United States.
290
Dec. 7 (453) From the Minister in Guatemala
Foreign Minister’s proposed plan for the restriction of imports from countries with which Guatemala has an unfavorable balance of trade.
(Footnote: Information on Guatemalan Executive decree issued January 26, 1935.)
291
Dec. 22 (473) From the Minister in Guatemala
Information that Minister of Finance has termed the procedure of requiring certificates of origin on chicle a useless measure for attempting to shut off contraband trade.
291
1935 Jan. 11 (132) To the Minister in Guatemala
Intention to give no further attention to the subject of contraband chicle unless the Guatemalan Government pursues it further.
292
[Page XXXII]

HAITI

Withdrawal of American Marines From Haiti and Transfer to the Haitian Government by the United States of Certain Property in Haiti

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Nov. 28 (196) From the Minister in Haiti
Submission of suggestions for disposal of U. S. property in Haiti and sale of U. S. rifles and other equipment to the Garde d’Haiti following withdrawal of American Marines in October 1934.
293
1934 June 5 (44) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Advice that President Roosevelt has sent a special message to Congress requesting legislative authorization to give the Haitian Government a portion of Marine Corps matériel.
295
June 21 (49) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Department’s plan to submit to President Roosevelt a proposal for withdrawal of American Marines by August 15.
295
June 21 (51) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Law approved June 19 (text printed) authorizing the President to transfer certain U. S. property in Haiti to the Haitian Government.
296
July 2 (71) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Inquiry as to whether any decision has been reached on proposal referred to in telegram No. 49, June 21.
296
July 2 (59) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
President Roosevelt’s acceptance of proposal that marines be withdrawn by August 15.
297
July 5 (72) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Advice of President Roosevelt’s visit with the Haitian President and communiqué to be issued by the Haitian Government covering subjects discussed, i. e., Haitianization of the Garde d’Haiti, withdrawal of American Marines, and proposed negotiation of a commercial treaty.
297
July 9 (352) From the Third Secretary of Legation in Haiti
Draft Foreign Office note forwarding a draft agreement (texts printed) for modification of certain provisions of the Accord of August 7, 1933; also communiqué issued by the Haitian Government July 5 (text printed).
298
July 12 (186) To the Minister in Haiti
Communication of Navy Department’s list of properties and supplies to be transferred to Haiti, and request for opinion as to its adequacy; instructions to ascertain Haitian views on effecting transfer by an exchange of notes.
301
July 17 (78) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Outline of final list of items to be transferred, and advice that Haitian Foreign Minister has agreed to an exchange of notes.
302
July 17 (189) To the Minister in Haiti
Instructions to submit to the Haitian Government a redraft of the Haitian note and agreement, and if accepted, to proceed to exchange of notes and signature of agreement.
(Footnote: Haitian acceptance of redrafts.)
303
[Page XXXIII]July 21 From the Haitian Secretary of State for Foreign Relations to the American Minister in Haiti
Haitian understanding of agreement reached between Presidents Roosevelt and Vincent for withdrawal of American Marine forces from Haiti.
304
July 23 (121) From the American Minister in Haiti to the Haitian Secretary of State for Foreign Relations
Confirmation of Haitian understanding.
304
July 24 Agreement Between the United States and Haiti for the Withdrawal of Military Forces From Haiti
Text signed at Port-au-Prince.
305
Aug. 8 (376) From the Minister in Haiti
Advice that the transfer to Haiti of certain U. S. properties and supplies has been effected by an exchange of notes.
306
Aug. 14 (206) To the Minister in Haiti
Instructions to deliver a letter addressed by President Roosevelt to President Vincent (text printed) relating to an official celebration to be held by the Haitian Government August 21.
306
(Note: Citation to additional documents pertaining to the withdrawal of U. S. forces.) 308
Aug. 18 To the Haitian Secretary of State for Foreign Relations (tel.)
Advice that President Roosevelt has named the Minister to Haiti, Norman Armour, as his special representative at the ceremonies to be held August 21.
308
Aug. 21 (91) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Information that the ceremonies passed off very satisfactorily.
308

Negotiations Respecting a Trade Agreement Between the United States and Haiti

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Jan. 13 From the Haitian Minister
Haitian desire for negotiation of a new commercial treaty with the United States.
308
Jan. 15 Memorandum by the Acting Secretary of State of a Conversation With the Haitian Minister, January 15, 1934
Minister’s discussion of reciprocal trade relations between the United States and Haiti and his hope for some sort of equalization of imports and exports of the two countries.
309
Feb. 20 To the Haitian Legation
Advice that U. S. Minister at Port-au-Prince is being instructed to explore the possibilities of concluding a new trade agreement.
310
Feb. 20 (142) To the Minister in Haiti
Instructions to explore the U. S.-Haitian trade situation in consultation with Haitian authorities; survey of trade situation and alternatives for possible agreement.
310
[Page XXXIV]Apr. 3 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Conversation with the Haitian Minister and the Haitian Minister of Finance concerning trade relations and the contemplated new commercial arrangement.
312
July 17 (64) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Request for opinion as to whether exploratory conversations should be conducted in Port-au-Prince or in Washington.
314
July 21 (79) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Opinion that Washington would be the more suitable location for exploratory conversations.
315
July 26 (68) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Advice that it is not possible as yet to estimate exactly when the Inter-Departmental Committee for Haiti will be ready to begin conversations.
315
July 27 (81) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Opinion as to the importance of having the Fiscal Representative of Haiti proceed to Washington in order to assist the Haitian Minister.
315
July 28 (70) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Advice that Department has no objection to Fiscal Representative’s presence in Washington.
316
Aug. 4 (84) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Fiscal Representative’s departure from Haiti on August 2.
316
Aug. 15 To the Haitian Legation
Notification that Inter-Departmental Committee would welcome receipt of such proposals as the Haitian Government desires to make.
316
Aug. 27 From the Haitian Legation
Acknowledgment of note of August 15, and request for U. S. consent to the broadest possible special treatment of certain specified Haitian products.
317
Aug. 29 (76) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to inform the Haitian Government that the United States plans to give public notice shortly of its intention to negotiate a trade agreement.
319
Nov. 10 To the Haitian Legation
Submission of a list of commodities on which the United States seeks tariff concessions.
319
Nov. 17 (238) To the Minister in Haiti
Information concerning possible concessions which the United States may be willing to make to Haiti.
320
Nov. 24 (94) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to impress upon Haitian officials the importance of not disclosing any of the suggested U. S. concessions to Haiti which would be contingent upon the success of trade agreement negotiations with other countries.
322
Dec. 18 From the Haitian Legation
Expression of hope for facilitation of the entry and distribution of Haitian products in the U. S. market.
322
[Page XXXV]Dec. 20 To the Haitian Legation
Submission of a draft trade agreement (text printed).
323
Dec. 21 (247) To the Minister in Haiti
Transmittal of a copy of the draft trade agreement.
329
Dec. 28 (133) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Haitian reluctance to sign the agreement as presently drafted.
330
Dec. 29 (134) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Advice that the Foreign Minister has submitted two exceptions (text printed) to the draft agreement.
331
Dec. 29 (99) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Account of conference with the Haitian Minister relative to his Government’s attitude toward the draft agreement.
331
Dec. 31 (100) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to communicate to the Foreign Minister Department’s reasons for rejecting the two exceptions specified in telegram No. 134, December 29.
332

Approval by the Department of State, Under Article IX of the Treaty of September 16, 1915, of Haiti’s Agreement With France and Proposed Agreement With Italy for Reduction of Tariff Rates

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Nov. 1 (115) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Information that the French Chamber of Commerce in Haiti has advanced a plan for Haitian calculation of duties on French imports on a gold basis rather than on the current exchange rates of the gourde; opinion that the plan, if effected, would require U. S. action under article 9 of the treaty of 1915 with Haiti.
333
Nov. 2 (118) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Advice that new legislation would be necessary to put the plan into operation; request for Department’s opinion regarding the proposed plan.
334
Nov. 2 (79) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to consult Deputy Fiscal Representative Pixley to ascertain effect of plan on customs revenues on imports from all gold basis countries; also its effect on French position regarding coffee quotas.
334
Nov. 4 (119) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Information obtained from Pixley relative to probable effects of the plan.
334
Nov. 7 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Telephone conversation with the Financial Adviser to Haiti, who gave details of a conference with the French Ambassador and the French Commercial Attaché regarding French-Haitian trade relations.
335
[Page XXXVI]Nov. 8 (81) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to request Pixley to communicate to Finance Minister the Department’s views on the arrangement proposed by France.
336
1934 Feb. 20 (13) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Agreement by the Haitian Government to conclude a new commercial convention with France; summary of terms of the convention.
336
Feb. 24 (9) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Inquiry as to whether terms of Franco-Haitian agreement would prevent like treatment for similar American products under modus vivendi.
337
Feb. 26 (15) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Opinion that the terms of the “avenant” seem to preclude like treatment for similar American products.
338
Sept. 14 (100) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Advice that upon Italian insistence the Haitian Government has agreed to add a new protocol to the commercial convention already existing between the two countries and that said protocol will provide for a reduction of 33⅓ percent on existing tariff rates applied to certain Italian products.
338
Sept. 21 (79) To the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to make sure that it is understood that any reduction on any Italian product must also be extended to the like product of the United States.
(Footnote: Information that the Haitian-Italian negotiations did not result in signature of a commercial arrangement at this time.)
339

Negotiations Respecting the Termination of Financial Control Exercised in Haiti Under the Agreement of August 7, 1933; Proposed Treaty of Relations

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Jan. 12 From the Haitian Minister
Hope of the Haitian Government to negotiate an arrangement for termination of the financial administration now exercised in Haiti under terms of the agreement of August 7, 1933.
339
Jan. 16 (238) From the Minister in Haiti
Conversation with President Vincent concerning his desire to obtain a refunding loan from American bankers together with an additional $3,000,000 to be devoted to public works and other necessary projects.
340
Jan. 22 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with a representative of the National City Bank of New York relative to the Bank’s proposed sale of the Banque Nationale de la République d’Haiti to the Haitian Government, and also to the question of a possible Haitian refunding operation.
343
[Page XXXVII]Jan. 27 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Conversation with Haitian Minister, who desired to know what measures the United States would be willing to take toward removal of conditions which entangled Haiti with the United States financially.
344
Feb. 2 (253) From the Minister in Haiti
Further information regarding the Haitian desire to obtain the good offices of the U. S. Government in helping to secure a refunding loan.
345
Feb. 13 (11) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Conversation with President Vincent, who stated that the Haitian Minister in Washington had been instructed to discuss the refunding loan matter with President Roosevelt, and that he himself planned to visit the United States later to discuss the subject with the President.
346
Feb. 14 To the Haitian Minister
Acknowledgment of Haitian note of January 12; offer of U. S. good offices in the refunding matter in any way which will not involve the Government in further responsibilities in Haiti.
346
Feb. 14 (6) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
U. S. preference that a Haitian citizen be delegated to carry out any negotiations in connection with refunding loan operation rather than the Fiscal Representative.
347
Feb. 19 (12) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Information that the Fiscal Representative plans to sail for the United States on February 22 in order to serve the Haitian Minister in an advisory capacity throughout refunding loan negotiations.
348
Mar. 12 (19) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Outline of President Vincent’s plans for visiting the United States.
348
Apr. 3 Memorandum of Plan for Dealing With the Question of Financial Control, Drawn Up by the Haitian Minister for Finance and the Fiscal Representative of the Republic of Haiti
Detailed list of commitments and proposals regarding the financial policy which the Haitian Government intends to follow.
349
Apr. 18 (18) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Joint statement by Presidents Roosevelt and Vincent (text printed) issued April 17 after their meeting at the White House.
352
Apr. 28 (21) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Information concerning procedure tentatively agreed upon relative to the Haitian contract for purchase of the Banque Nationale de la République d’Haiti.
352
May 5 (41) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Advice that Haitian draft letters “A” and “B”, provided for in the procedure described in telegram No. 21, April 28, have been forwarded to Department.
353
[Page XXXVIII]May 7 (25) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Department’s comments on draft letters “A” and “B”.
354
May 11 (42) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Advice that new draft letters have been sent to Department for decision, together with a draft treaty of relations prepared by the Haitian Government; President Vincent’s desire for U. S. assurance of virtual agreement before presentation of matter to the Legislature.
355
May 12 (44) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Information that the Banque contract has been signed.
356
May 15 (47) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Request for Department’s views on the draft letters and draft treaty of relations referred to in telegram No. 42, May 11.
356
May 15 (28) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Suggested changes to be made in draft letter “A”; suggestion of a redraft (text printed) of the proposed treaty of relations.
357
May 16 (312) From the Minister in Haiti
Information that the Banque contract and the law of sanctions are ready for presentation to the Chamber of Deputies.
558
May 19 (51) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Haitian request for consideration of simplification of article 1 of draft treaty transmitted in Department’s telegram No. 28, May 15.
360
May 21 (32) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Redraft of article 1 (text printed) to meet Haitian views; indication of several other changes desired by Department in treaty’s preamble and in text of letter “A”.
360
May 22 (52) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Advice that Foreign Minister approves new text of article 1 and other changes suggested, but has requested omission of certain words in the preamble.
361
May 22 (33) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Department’s agreement to omission requested by the Foreign Minister.
361
May 23 (171) To the Minister in Haiti
Draft replies (texts printed) to letters “A” and “B” from the Haitian Government.
361
May 25 (55) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Haitian request for insertion of additional phrase in text of article 1 of the treaty.
365
May 26 (37) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Agreement to insertion of phrase requested by the Haitian Government.
366
June 4 (41) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Request for information as to present status of Banque sales contract and proposed treaty.
366
[Page XXXIX]June 5 (57) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Information that the contract is under consideration by the Legislature; that Haitian Government is requesting an extension of option for purchase of the National Bank of Haiti.
366
June 6 (45) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Advice that National City Bank is willing to extend option, but is considering advisability of limiting the extension to 30 days.
367
June 7 (59) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Telegram sent by Fiscal Representative to the National City Bank (text printed) urging Bank to agree to 90 days’ extension.
(Footnote: Bank’s approval of an extension not to exceed 90 days from June 1, 1934.)
367
June 25 (344) From the Minister in Haiti
Advice concerning report made by the committee of the Chamber of Deputies appointed to study the bank sales contract.
368
Sept. 6 (96) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Adjournment of regular session of Legislature without having acted on the bank contract; possibility that President Vincent may call a special session of the Legislature in October for reconsideration of the matter.
368
Sept. 7 (97) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Advice that President plans to send text of bank contract, as he hopes to submit it to Parliament when reconvened, to the Haitian Minister in Washington for presentation at a stockholders’ meeting.
369
Sept. 10 (98) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
President’s decision not to send amended text for consideration at stockholders’ meeting owing to his inability to obtain assurances from Senators as to desired modifications.
369
Sept. 19 (421) From the Chargé in Haiti
Foreign Minister’s opinion that it might be well to let the bank contract matter drop until next April, the date of the opening of the regular session of Parliament.
369
Oct. 3 (107) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Article in Matin alleging that the United States contemplates a new consideration of the financial control matter which might possibly bring about early withdrawal of the Fiscal Representative; request for authorization to issue a statement of denial.
(Footnote: Department’s authorization to make statement.)
371
[Page XL]

HONDURAS

Preliminary Discussions Respecting a Trade Agreement Between the United States and Honduras

Date and number Subject Page
1934 July 20 (592) To the Minister in Honduras
Instructions to ascertain Honduran view on exploratory conversations looking toward possible negotiation of a trade agreement.
372
Aug. 10 (1172) From the Minister in Honduras
Report on conversation with Finance Minister regarding the possibility of opening exploratory conversations.
373
Aug. 16 (65) From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Finance Minister’s desire for some idea as to the concessions which the United States will probably request from Honduras.
374
Aug. 17 (66) From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Request for data concerning preferential tariff concessions awarded in the past by Brazil, to be used as background in the Honduran situation.
375
Aug. 18 (41) To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
U. S. nonobjection if concessions by Honduras to the United States should be generalized to other countries.
375
Aug. 24 (1184) From the Minister in Honduras
Finance Minister’s views on Honduran concessions to American products in the form of reduced duties.
376
Aug. 27 (1189) From the Minister in Honduras
Information concerning effect on American trade of a Honduran decree published in March imposing special municipal taxes upon certain articles of importation to Honduras.
377
Aug. 30 (614) To the Minister in Honduras
Explanation of U. S. policy of not seeking preferential tariff treatment in connection with negotiation of reciprocal trade agreements.
378
Aug. 30 (43) To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Instructions to inquire if the Honduran Government is prepared to initiate exploratory conversations at an early date.
379
Aug. 31 (70) From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Honduran willingness to commence exploratory conversations at an early date.
379
Sept. 7 (1204) From the Minister in Honduras
Suggestions as to certain concessions and assurances which the United States might ask of Honduras.
379
Sept. 10 (46) To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Instructions to inform Foreign Minister that public notice of U. S. intention to negotiate a trade agreement with Honduras was given September 7.
380
Sept. 29 (627) To the Minister in Honduras
Department’s views on Honduran decree referred to in Minister’s despatch No. 1189, August 27.
381
Sept. 29 (77) From the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Information that proposed trade agreement would require ratification by the Honduran legislation.
382
[Page XLI]

Embargo on the Shipment of Arms and Munitions to Honduras Continued at the Request of the Honduran Government

Date and number Subject Page
1934 June 6 (576) To the Minister in Honduras
Instructions to inform President Carías that the United States is contemplating removal of the existing embargo on shipments of arms and munitions of war to Honduras.
382
July 5 (1139) From the Minister in Honduras
Advice that Honduran Government desires the present embargo to remain in effect on rifles and their ammunition.
383
July 30 (598) To the Minister in Honduras
Instructions to inform Honduran Government of the policy which the United States plans to follow in the future relative to the embargo.
383
Aug. 24 (1183) From the Minister in Honduras
Foreign Office acknowledgment, with thanks, of Department’s statements as to future U. S. policy in the embargo matter.
384

MEXICO

Preliminary Discussions Regarding Possible Negotiation of a Trade Agreement Between the United States and Mexico

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Jan. 25 (3) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s inquiry as to Department’s preference regarding place and time for trade agreement discussions.
385
Jan. 26 (10) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Advice that Department desires discussions to take place in Washington if agreeable to Mexican authorities.
385
Jan. 29 (1046) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Information that Mexican Government is favorably inclined toward Washington as place for discussions.
385
June 7 (81) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s advice that Mexican Embassy in Washington is prepared to begin discussions immediately.
386
June 12 (95) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to advise Foreign Minister informally of reasons for Department’s delay in initiating discussions.
386
June 15 (1507) From the Chargé in Mexico
Foreign Minister’s advice that Ambassador at Washington has been instructed to await Department action.
386
Aug. 31 (1729) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Conversation with Foreign Minister, who spoke of the pressure on his Government from the growers of tomatoes and winter vegetables for conclusion of a reciprocal tariff agreement with the United States.
387
Aug. 31 Memorandum by the Assistant Chief of the Division of Mexican Affairs
Conversation with Counselor of Mexican Embassy, who inquired as to the possibility of negotiating a modus vivendi covering Mexican green vegetables to be in effect pending completion of a trade agreement.
388
[Page XLII]Sept. 5 Memorandum by the Assistant Chief of the Division of Mexican Affairs
Further conversation with Counselor of Mexican Embassy regarding proposed modus vivendi.
388
Undated Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Mexican Affairs of a Conversation With the Mexican Ambassador and the Counselor of the Mexican Embassy, September 11, 1934
Ambassador’s understanding that Mexican Foreign Minister had transmitted proposals for a modus vivendi to U. S. Ambassador Daniels on September 6, and his request that he be apprised when Department receives them.
389
Sept. 11 (1771) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Comments as to the feasibility of U. S. conclusion of a provisional modus vivendi with Mexico, and transmittal of Foreign Office note dated September 6 (text printed) with a draft modus vivendi.
390
Sept. 13 (1778) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Information as to U. S. products which would be granted reductions in duty by the Mexican Government in return for U. S. reductions as stipulated under terms of proposed modus vivendi.
394
Sept, 29 (144) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to bring to Foreign Office attention the tariff situation with respect to Cuba, and the maximum concessions which could be accorded Mexican tomatoes under proposed limited agreement; also that no agreement could be made without compliance with the Trade Agreements Act.
395
Oct. 2 To the Ambassador in Mexico
Advice that serious consideration is being given to proposed modus vivendi; concern over possible Mexican misunderstanding of U. S. arrangement with Cuba.
396
Oct. 2 (1823) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Foreign Minister’s interest in the U. S. concession which might be offered on Mexican tomatoes, and appreciation that negotiation of proposed modus vivendi would have to be carried on under much the same conditions as a reciprocal trade agreement.
396
Nov. 15 To the Ambassador in Mexico
Advice that inasmuch as no further direct word has been received from Mexican authorities on the proposed limited agreement, it is considered best to let Mexico take a normal place on the schedule of the trade agreements program.
397

Convention Between the United States and Mexico for an En Bloc Settlement of Special Claims, and Protocol Regarding General Claims, Signed April 24, 1934

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Jan. 26 (1031) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Communication of a suggested counterproposal which might be offered the Mexican Government in the event that Department’s previously submitted protocol for settlement of general claims is found unacceptable.
398
[Page XLIII]Feb. 3 (15) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Advice that Department would prefer to press for a favorable decision on the proposed protocol rather than consider the alternative of a lump sum settlement as envisaged in the counterproposal communicated in Ambassador’s despatch No. 1031, January 26.
403
Feb. 10 (261) To the Ambassador in Mexico
Reasons for believing that the question of a lump sum settlement should be held in abeyance until it is certain that a protocol such as is now under consideration cannot be concluded.
404
Feb. 10 (1094) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Receipt of three memoranda from the Foreign Office: Memoranda A and B dated February 9 (texts printed) containing observations on an en bloc settlement for both general and special claims and proposing that the latter be settled on a 2.60% basis; and memorandum C embodying suggested amendments to Department’s protocol.
408
Feb. 16 (1127) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Further advice relating to Foreign Office proposals.
413
Mar. 9 (282) To the Ambassador in Mexico
Draft convention (text printed) providing for a lump sum settlement of special claims, and discussion of essential provisions contained therein.
414
Mar. 9 (283) To the Ambassador in Mexico
Redraft of protocol for settlement of general claims (text printed) and detailed explanation of Department’s position as to the amendments suggested in Mexican Foreign Office memorandum C.
421
Mar. 14 (23) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Changes suggested by the Foreign Office in Department’s draft protocol for general claims; Foreign Minister’s view on provisions relating to the Santa Isabel cases in Department’s draft convention for special claims.
436
Mar. 16 (35) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Information that Department is considering the suggested changes but would like clarification of one specific change.
437
Mar. 17 (28) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Clarification of the change referred to in telegram No. 35, March 16.
438
Mar. 21 (37) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Views of Department as to changes in general claims protocol and as to inclusion of provisions for the Santa Isabel cases in the special claims convention.
438
Mar. 22 (30) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Advice of despatch sent to Department outlining reasons advanced by the Foreign Office for the suggested changes; inquiry as to whether Department, after consideration of such reasons, desires to alter the views set forth in telegram No. 37, March 21.
440
[Page XLIV]Mar. 24 (33) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Conversation with Foreign Minister regarding Mexican proposals for changes in Department’s draft convention on special claims.
441
Mar. 26 (41) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Belief that no alteration seems necessary in the views set forth in telegram No. 37, March 21.
441
Mar. 26 (1267) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Transmittal of copy of document (text printed) embodying the Mexican proposals referred to in telegram No. 33, March 24.
442
Mar. 31 (44) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to urge conclusion of Department’s protocol for general claims and to cable text of paragraphs containing any changes requested by the Mexican Government before signing the protocol.
446
Apr. 2 (34) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Mexican request for omission of a certain clause contained in Department’s protocol.
447
Apr. 3 (45) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Reasons for opinion that the omission requested by the Mexican Government would be inadvisable.
448
Apr. 4 (35) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Mexican withdrawal of requested omission, and indication of preference for simultaneous signing of protocol and convention; details of further changes to protocol desired by Mexico.
448
Apr. 7 (47) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Department’s desire to meet Mexican wishes in the matter of simultaneous signing of protocol and convention; outline of additional changes in convention.
450
Apr. 9 (38) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s views relative to changes in articles 1 and 4 of convention.
452
Apr. 11 (50) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Further discussion of articles 1 and 4.
453
Apr. 11 (321) To the Ambassador in Mexico
Final draft of proposed special claims convention (text printed).
455
Apr. 13 (41) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s additional suggestions and comments with respect to articles 1 and 4.
458
Apr. 14 (52) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Explanation of Department’s reluctance to make any change in the context of article 1.
458
Apr. 14 (43) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Compromise suggestion by the Foreign Minister in connection with articles 1 and 4.
459
[Page XLV]Apr. 15 (44) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Discussion of claims data, and expression of opinion that Foreign Minister’s latest comprehensive suggestion is the best that can be expected.
460
Apr. 17 (54) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Outline of changes which Department proposes to make in a final effort to meet Mexican expectations.
461
Apr. 19 (49) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s indication that he would prefer to postpone further negotiations rather than accept Department’s recently suggested changes.
463
Apr. 21 (52) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Recommendation as to bases upon which Department might authorize signature of convention.
464
Apr. 21 (60) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Willingness to make concessions desired by the Mexican Government, and authorization to sign the convention after confirming with the Foreign Office Department’s interpretation of article 4.
464
Apr. 23 (54) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Foreign Office confirmation of interpretation of article 4; press statement (text printed) to be issued by the Foreign Office upon the signing of the Protocol for General Claims and the Convention for Special Claims.
465
Apr. 24 (64) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
U. S. intention to issue a press release announcing signature of Protocol and Convention.
466
Apr. 24 Convention Between the United States of America and Mexico for an En Bloc Settlement of Special Claims, Signed at Mexico City
Text of Convention.
467
Apr. 24 From the American Ambassador in Mexico to the Mexican Minister for Foreign Affairs
U. S. understanding as to interpretation of articles 4 and 6 of the Convention.
(Footnote: Confirmation of understanding by the Mexican Foreign Minister.)
470
Apr. 24 Protocol Between the United States of America and Mexico Regarding General Claims, Signed at Mexico City
Text of Protocol.
470
1935 Feb. 1 From the Mexican Chargé
Mexican execution of provision in clause 6 of Protocol stipulating the time allowed for preparation of claims before presentation to the General Claims Commission.
476
Feb. 1 To the Mexican Chargé
U. S. execution of provision in clause 6 of Protocol.
477
[Page XLVI]

Efforts To Solve Unsettled Problems With Respect to the Rectification of the Rio Grande; Reservation by the Mexican Government of Its Rights in the Chamizal Area

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Jan. 2 (001) From the Mexican Chargé
Advice from the Mexican Commissioner on the International Boundary Commission that certain construction work now being done on the left bank of the Rio Grande near Presidio, Texas, is apparently in violation of article 3 of the Convention of 1884; request that steps be taken to have the Commission consider the matter.
477
Feb. 1 To the Mexican Chargé
U. S. Commissioner’s report that the construction work has been temporarily suspended pending explanation of treaty provisions to local officials.
478
May 7 To the Secretary of the Treasury
Department’s views regarding bill to be considered by Congress providing for the lease of better quarters for U. S. Customs, Immigration, Public Health, and Plant Quarantine services at the American end of the International Bridge in El Paso, Texas.
479
May 22 (2063) From the Mexican Ambassador
Mexican desire that the International Boundary Commission render a decision respecting the sovereignty and jurisdiction of certain areas in the vicinity of Presidio, Texas, where recent American construction works were carried out.
480
July 16 To the Mexican Ambassador
Belief that U. S. and Mexican Boundary Commissioners should be instructed to make further examination and study of existing data respecting the Presidio areas before any further steps are taken.
481
July 21 To the Mexican Ambassador
Explanation of U. S. position in connection with Mexico’s reservation of its rights in the Chamizal area.
482
Sept. 26 [3625] From the Mexican Ambassador
Mexican opinion that Boundary Commission possesses enough data to form a basis for decision on the Presidio areas and that, therefore, Mexico would be glad to have the matter dealt with at once.
483
Nov. 8 To the Mexican Ambassador
U. S. belief that Commission should make a joint investigation of the entire water boundary between Quitman Canyon and the Gulf of Mexico; inquiry as to whether Mexico would concur.
484

Efforts To Stop Illegal Entry of Chinese Nationals From Mexico Into the United States

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Jan. 24 (778) From the Consul at Ensenada
Report of definite steps being taken by the civil population in Ensenada to expel Chinese residents into the United States from the Northern Territory of Baja California.
485
[Page XLVII]Jan. 31 (13) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to convey to the Foreign Minister the U. S. hope that measures will be taken to prevent the forcing of Chinese into the United States from Baja California and consequent difficulties such as those caused in 1933.
486
Feb. 10 (9) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Advice from Foreign Minister that Mexican immigration officials at Tijuana and Ensenada have no knowledge of Chinese entering the United States at unauthorized points.
487
Feb. 15 (12) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Information that Governor of the Northern District of Lower California has been instructed to take the necessary steps to prevent Chinese residents there from entering the United States at unauthorized points.
487
Mar. 9 To the Chinese Legation
Department’s unwillingness to make special arrangements for Chinese refugees from Lower California unless the Chinese Government is prepared to defray all expenses.
487
Mar. 14 From the Consul at Ensenada (tel.)
Information that Chinese stores have been closed on the basis of alleged nonconformity with laws.
488
Mar. 16 (36) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to keep before the Foreign Office the fact of U. S. reliance on Mexican assurances in the Chinese matter.
489
Mar. 17 (29) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Mexican President’s strict instructions to the Governor of the Northern District of Lower California to take measures to prevent the illegal entry of Chinese into the United States.
489
Mar. 30 From the Chinese Minister
Enclosure of a check for payment of the cost of repatriation to China of Chinese refugees from Mexico in 1933, and expression of gratitude for the consideration shown by the United States to the refugees.
489

NICARAGUA

Preliminary Discussions Respecting a Trade Agreement Between the United States and Nicaragua

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Sept. 16 From the Nicaraguan Chargé
Nicaraguan interest in a trade agreement with the United States; expression of concern over possibility that arrangements for sugar stabilization now being discussed in U. S. Department of Agriculture may have the effect of excluding Nicaraguan sugar from importation into the United States.
491
Oct. 5 To the Nicaraguan Chargé
Advice that Department is considering the possibility of initiating exploratory conversations with Nicaragua; also, that pertinent portion of Nicaraguan note of September 16 has been transcribed to the Department of Agriculture for comment.
494
[Page XLVIII]Oct. 21 To the Nicaraguan Chargé
Department of Agriculture’s assurance that there is no question pending of restrictions on sugar coming into the United States from Nicaragua.
496
1934 Jan. 4 To the Nicaraguan Legation
U. S. willingness to initiate exploratory conversations with Nicaragua, and suggested bases upon which such conversations might proceed.
496
Jan. 4 (11) To the Minister in Nicaragua
Transmittal of copy of memorandum of January 4, and instructions to ascertain whether Foreign Minister is prepared to proceed with conversations along the general lines indicated in the memorandum.
497
Jan. 24 (65) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Information that Foreign Minister is unable to state his views at present. Request for additional data and background material on Department’s trade negotiations with other countries.
498
Apr. 5 (55) To the Minister in Nicaragua
Transmittal of copy of trade agreement signed with Colombia, together with detailed analysis of provisions of the agreement.
499
Apr. 24 (181) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Information that Foreign Minister will soon be prepared to proceed with exploratory conversations. Interest of President Sacasa in proposed canal under terms of the Bryan-Chamorro treaty.
506
May 15 (209) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Efforts to obtain Nicaraguan willingness to commence conversations.
507
June 2 (256) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Information relative to Secretary of Hacienda’s request for a copy of the trade agreement recently concluded between Colombia and the United States.
509
July 17 (41) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Department’s hope that conversations can be initiated in Managua not later than September 1.
509
July 20 (348) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Information that an informal letter was addressed to the Foreign Minister on July 19 expressing hope that conversations might begin at the earliest possible date.
509
July 21 (350) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Receipt of an informal note from the Foreign Minister expressing his Government’s continued interest in negotiating the proposed trade agreement.
511
July 23 (354) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Views and analysis of probable effects of a procedure which would envisage possible U. S. imposition of duties on bananas and coffee imported from Nicaragua.
511
[Page XLIX]Aug. 20 (406) From the Chargé in Nicaragua
Advice concerning Foreign Minister’s request for suggestions from the Chamber of Commerce at Managua as to what concessions Nicaragua might ask of the United States.
516
Aug. 24 (122) To the Minister in Nicaragua
Information relative to a provision contained in the Trade Agreements Act approved June 12 which precludes the imposition of duties on coffee and bananas by executive action.
516
Aug. 30 (52) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to inform Nicaraguan Government that Department expects to give public notice within a few days of U. S. intention to negotiate a trade agreement with Nicaragua.
517
Aug. 31 (123) To the Chargé in Nicaragua
Nicaraguan Legation’s inquiry as to possible quota restrictions on “drawback” sugar under terms of existing U. S. sugar legislation, and opinion of Department of Agriculture.
517
Sept. 6 (127) To the Chargé in Nicaragua
Inability to furnish a copy of the U. S.-Colombian trade agreement to Nicaragua, as the text is still considered confidential.
518
Sept. 10 (54) To the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to inform Foreign Minister that public notice of U. S. intention to negotiate a trade agreement with Nicaragua was given September 7.
518
Sept. 26 (496) From the Chargé in Nicaragua
Conversation with President Sacasa, who expressed the hope that the United States would grant his Government a sugar quota on the same preferential terms as Cuba.
519
Sept. 28 (138) To the Chargé in Nicaragua
Instructions to make informal representations to Foreign Minister regarding proposed new Nicaraguan tariff which would increase duties on products of American origin.
520
Sept. 28 (58) To the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Request for information relating to Nicaraguan legislative ratification of proposed agreement.
520
Sept. 29 (158) From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information in reply to Department’s telegram No. 58, September 28.
521
Sept. 29 (140) To the Chargé in Nicaragua
Advice, in connection with a recent Nicaraguan press item, that in the trade agreement studies now in progress, no consideration is being given to any plan for the barter or exchange of commodities.
521
Oct. 2 (511) From the Chargé in Nicaragua
Comments made by Foreign Minister and President Sacasa in regard to proposed new Nicaraguan tariff.
521
[Page L]Oct. 19 (151) To the Chargé in Nicaragua
Advice, in reference to conversation reported in despatch No. 496, September 26, that U. S. policy remains that of unconditional most-favored-nation treatment, with exception to that rule only in favor of Cuba.
522
Nov. 21 (613) From the Chargé in Nicaragua
Conversations with President Sacasa regarding his plans for revising the tariff in order to meet the Government’s need for added revenues and to prevent the markets from being flooded by Japanese goods.
523
Nov. 26 (167) To the Chargé in Nicaragua
Explanation of sugar quota situation, for use in case the subject should come up in conversations with Nicaraguan officials.
525

Political Unrest in Nicaragua; Policy of the United States Not To Interfere in Nicaraguan Internal Affairs

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Feb. 5 (37) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Conversation with the President, who expressed his concern over a letter recently received from bandit leader Sandino, and also over the tactless attitude currently being displayed by the Guardia Nacional. President’s intention to send for Sandino for a frank discussion.
526
Feb. 9 (44) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Advice that Sandino has agreed to come to Managua to have a frank discussion with the President.
527
Feb. 14 (48) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Delay in Sandino’s arrival; rumors of tense feeling between the Guardia and Sandinistas in Matagalpa region.
527
Feb. 20 (102) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Prolonged negotiations between Sandino and President Sacasa regarding the situation arising from expiration of the peace pact of February 2, 1933; view of the Guardia that Sandino should turn over all his arms and munitions to the Guardia.
528
Feb. 22 (57) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Report of machine gun attack on Sandino and companions by a detachment of the Guardia, and of Sandino’s alleged removal to a military prison; concern felt by Presidential circles over the apparent lack of discipline in the Guardia and threat of possible reprisals by Sandino’s followers.
529
Feb. 22 (58) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Advice that Sandino and several of his companions were killed in the attack reported previously and that relations between the President and Somoza, Jefe Director of the Guardia, have become severely strained.
531
Feb. 22 (60) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that Congress has declared a state of seige.
532
[Page LI]Feb. 22 (61) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Indications of Somoza’s ambitions for the Presidency, and inquiry as to the possibility of issuing a statement on Department’s policy of nonrecognition of revolutionary governments.
533
Feb. 23 (14) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Department’s belief that it would be inadvisable at the present time to issue the statement suggested in telegram No. 61, February 22.
533
Feb. 23 (62) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Advice that there have been no disorders in Managua following Sandino’s death, although situation is still somewhat tense.
533
Feb. 23 (64) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Improvement in relations between Somoza and President Sacasa as result of a conference between them, at which it was agreed that the former would conduct an investigation into the Sandino killing.
534
Feb. 23 (65) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Request that Department consider releasing a statement of U. S. policy toward nonconstitutional governments, in order to quiet anti-American feeling in Managua and to check any possible military move against the Government.
535
Feb. 24 (67) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Further arguments in favor of the issuance of a U. S. policy statement.
536
Feb. 25 (69) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Details on the political situation, including evidence of General Somoza’s subordination to the President’s authority.
537
Feb. 25 (70) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Advice that General Somoza, his staff, and other Guardia officers called on the President and reiterated their oath of allegiance to him.
537
Feb. 25 (71) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Inquiry by an American aviator as to whether his citizenship would be in jeopardy if he were to pilot a plane, chartered by the Guardia, to drop bombs on the Sandinistas.
538
Feb. 26 (15) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Explanation of Department’s view on suggestion for a statement on U. S. policy of nonrecognition of revolutionary governments.
538
Feb. 26 (73) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Voluntary surrender of many Sandinistas to the Guardia in operation in the vicinity of Wiwili.
539
Feb. [26] (76) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that the President is taking steps to transform the Casa Presidencial into virtually an armed camp, and that citizens of Managua cannot reconcile his actions with the Guardia’s recent oaths of allegiance and Somoza’s assurance of loyalty.
540
[Page LII]Feb. 27 (78) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Nicaraguan feeling that the United States favors the Guardia as contrasted with the Government.
541
Feb. 28 (79) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Provisions of a bill drafted by the Nicaraguan Congress which, if enacted, would give legal status to the Guardia.
542
Mar. 1 (80) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Joint efforts of the U. S., Mexican, and Salvadoran Ministers to persuade the President to issue an order to the Guardia along lines of the proposed Congressional bill.
543
Mar. 1 (82) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Advice from the President that an order to the Guardia, in substantially the same terms as the draft law, is ready to be signed and has been accepted by General Somoza.
546
Mar. 2 (37) To the Minister in Nicaragua
Department’s views relative to the inquiry recently made by an American aviator in Managua as communicated in Minister’s telegram No. 71, February 25.
547
Mar. 2 (83) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Conversation with the President regarding the general condition of the country.
548
Mar. 5 (85) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Advice that the President has reduced some of the defensive measures described in telegram No. 76, February 26.
548
Mar. 21 (99) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s statement that Secretary Hull, while in Montevideo, indicated that the Department would have no objection to reorganization of the Guardia in any manner desired by the Nicaraguan Government; request for Secretary’s views thereon.
549
Mar. 22 (27) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Expression of position in reply to Minister’s telegram No. 99, March 21.
550
Mar. 26 (147) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Support of Department’s position with respect to the Guardia.
550
Apr. 9 (106) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
President’s appointment of his brother as Chief of Staff of the Guardia.
551
Apr. 12 (23) From the Minister in Costa Rica (tel.)
Information of Costa Rican press interview with a Sandino aide who alleged that the American Minister in Nicaragua was the true chief of the Guardia and one of the conspirators in the Sandino killing; inquiry as to whether Department plans to refute the allegations.
(Footnote: Telegram repeated to Nicaragua.)
551
Apr. 13 (32) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Advice that Department has cabled the Minister in Costa Rica, with reference to his No. 23, April 12, that it does not intend to dignify such absurd stories by the issuance of a denial.
551
[Page LIII]May 4 (192) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Conversation with ex-President Moncada, during which Department’s policy in relation to the forthcoming elections was interpreted to him as being that of absolute noninterference; request for Department’s opinion as to correctness of the interpretation.
552
May 21 (78) To the Minister in Nicaragua
Approval of Minister’s interpretation of Department’s policy.
554
June 14 (273) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Continued circulation of rumors in Nicaragua as to U. S. support of the Guardia and Somoza’s political activities.
554
June 19 (130) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Press report that Somoza has admitted responsibility for the death of Sandino.
556
June 22 (131) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Request for authorization to issue a statement (draft text printed) denying all the rumors which have been circulated regarding U. S. interference in Nicaraguan political affairs.
556
June 23 (37) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Authorization to make the suggested statement, with certain modifications.
557
June 24 (133) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Suggested amendment to the statement as modified by Department.
(Footnote: Department’s approval of amendment.)
558
June 25 (134) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Advice that statement as approved by Department will be released for publication in the evening press.
558

Embargo on the Shipment of Arms and Munitions to Nicaragua Continued at the Request of the Nicaraguan Government

Date and number Subject Page
1934 May 22 (224) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Recommendation, in the light of present circumstances in Nicaragua, that the embargo on exportation of arms and munitions of war be lifted entirely.
559
June 6 (86) To the Minister in Nicaragua
Instructions to inform President Sacasa that Department is contemplating lifting the embargo and hopes that such action will be agreeable to him.
560
July 10 (316) From the Minister in Nicaragua
President Sacasa’s desire that embargo not be lifted at the present time; suggestion, therefore, of a procedure whereby shipments of war material be made only when requested through and approved by the Nicaraguan Legation in Washington.
561
[Page LIV]July 30 (110) To the Minister in Nicaragua
Department’s willingness to adopt the procedure suggested, and instructions to notify the Nicaraguan Government accordingly.
563
Aug. 16 (144) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Reiteration of recommendation contained in despatch No. 316, July 10, concerning future U. S. policy in regard to shipments of arms and ammunition to Nicaragua.
563
Aug. 17 (50) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Advice that U. S. future policy as indicated in instruction No. 110, July 30, will take effect as soon as Department learns of its formal acknowledgment by the Nicaraguan Government.
564
Aug. 25 (148) From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Receipt of formal acknowledgment from the Nicaraguan Government.
564

Prolongation of the Life of the Nicaraguan Claims Commission

Date and number Subject Page
1933 June 9 (579) To the Minister in Nicaragua
Instructions to communicate to the Nicaraguan Government the Department’s views relative to prolongation of the life of the Claims Commission beyond the end of the year.
565
June 30 (1346) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Transmission of copy of a bill presented to Congress by the Finance Minister providing for continuation of the Claims Commission until not later than June 30, 1934, and for extension of its jurisdiction.
566
July 29 (618) To the Minister in Nicaragua
Department’s approval of the bill which has now been enacted into law, except for the time limit for filing claims, and with certain other understandings.
567
Aug. 23 (1429) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Conversation with the British Chargé regarding his Government’s probable objections to article 6 of the new law.
568
Sept. 9 (1452) From the Chargé in Nicaragua
Nicaraguan reluctance to accept certain of Department’s reservations to the new law.
569
1934 Mar. 10 (96) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that a new law has been passed extending the time limit for presenting claims to the Commission.
570
June 26 (293) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Opinion of Judge Stanley, President of Claims Commission, relative to cash settlement of Commission’s awards, and his suggestion that representations be made to the Nicaraguan Government along these lines.
571
[Page LV]July 13 (323) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Status of a bill now before Congress providing for extension of the life of the Commission to August 31.
(Footnote: Signature of the bill by the President July 17.)
572
July 17 (101) To the Minister in Nicaragua
Expression of belief, in connection with Judge Stanley’s suggestion, that formal representations for cash settlement of awards are not warranted in the present circumstances.
572
Aug. 24 (420) From the Chargé in Nicaragua
President Sacasa’s opinion that the National Bank of Nicaragua will extend a loan for cash settlement of all pending awards in the Commission; status of a bill before Congress to extend the life of the Commission to December 31.
573
Sept. 13 (468) From the Chargé in Nicaragua
Advice that the National Bank has approved the loan requested by the Nicaraguan Government.
574

Disclaimer by the Department of State of Any Special Relationship With Respect to the Financial Affairs of Nicaragua

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Nov. 14 From the Nicaraguan Minister of Finance
Memorandum (text printed) expressing Nicaraguan desire to reduce the expenditures of certain institutions, including the Guardia Nacional and the Customs Collectorship.
575
1934 July 25 (358) From the Minister in Nicaragua
Advice that the Collector General of Customs has been asked to refrain from submitting his annual and monthly reports on funds to the U. S. Secretary of State, as this gives a false impression of present U. S.-Nicaraguan relations; inquiry as to Department’s views in the matter.
577
Sept. 27 (134) To the Chargé in Nicaragua
Information that the Department, after an exhaustive study, has concluded that no special relationship with respect to financial affairs of Nicaragua now exists between the United States and Nicaragua; that a note (text printed) has been addressed to the Nicaraguan Chargé in this sense.
579
Sept. 27 (135) To the Chargé in Nicaragua
Authorization to inform Collector General of Customs that the action reported in despatch No. 358, July 25, meets with Department’s approval.
579
[Page LVI]

PANAMA

Negotiations Between the United States and Panama for the Revision of the Treaty of November 18, 1903, and the Adoption of a Radio Convention

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Dec. 16 From the Secretary of State to the Acting Secretary of State
Receipt of a memorandum from the Panamanian Foreign Minister (text printed) listing certain questions and proposals left pending following the visit of President Arias to President Roosevelt in October 1933.
(Footnote: Information that the Secretary was in Montevideo.)
581
1934 Mar. 16 From the Panamanian Minister for Foreign Affairs
Request that the United States, in its consideration of pending questions, give preference to those relating to radio communications, commercial activities of the Panama Railroad Company, and building of a trans-Isthmian highway.
584
Apr. 18 From the Panamanian Minister
Views relative to Panama’s aspirations to establish her own radio telegraph stations and suggested bases upon which an agreement to this end might be reached with the United States.
587
Apr. 24 (71) From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Advice that the Panamanian Minister in Washington has been instructed to suggest to the Department that minor differences between Panama and the United States be settled by administrative action before discussions are held on the proposed radio communications convention.
590
July 23 To President Roosevelt (tel.)
Inquiry as to whether the President has reached any decision, after his talks with President Arias, on Panamanian right to engage in ship to shore radio service and opportunity to furnish food supplies to ships transiting the Canal.
(Footnote: Information that President Roosevelt was aboard the U. S. S. Houston on a Caribbean cruise.)
590
Undated From President Roosevelt (tel.)
Advice that no final decision was reached with President Arias on the two points referred to in telegram of July 23.
591
Sept. 22 From the Panamanian Minister
Submission of a draft convention on radio communications and a draft article modifying certain provisions of article 2 of the treaty of 1903 between Panama and the United States relative to construction of the Panama Canal.
591
Oct. 4 To the Secretary of War
Communication of President’s views on extension of U. S. political jurisdiction over New Cristobal and on disposition of certain lands not required by the activities of the Canal and the Panama Railroad Company.
592
Oct. 24 From the Panamanian Minister
President Arias’ appointment of a Commission for furthering negotiations with the United States leading to the conclusion of treaties for permanent regulation of relations between the two countries.
592
Oct. 25 (179) To the Minister in Panama
Transmission of copies of draft documents submitted by the Panamanian Minister on September 22.
593
[Page LVII]Oct. 30 To the Panamanian Legation
Indication of reasons why the United States cannot accept the Panamanian draft article modifying certain provisions of article 2 of the 1903 treaty.
593
Oct. 31 To the Panamanian Minister
Comments on U. S. offer of a basis of agreement on all questions which have given rise to misunderstandings in the past between Panama and the United States.
595
Nov. 5 Press Release Issued by the Department of State
Announcement that the first of a series of conferences has been held between U. S. and Panamanian officials looking toward agreements for the removal of differences arising from the construction and operation of the Panama Canal.
595
Nov. 8 From the Panamanian Minister
Acknowledgment of Department’s memorandum of October 30; detailed considerations in support of the Panamanian position relative to its draft article.
596
Dec. 1 From the Panamanian Legation
Discussion of clause in the Panamanian draft article which proposes alleviation of the inequalities in treatment of Panamanian citizens employed by the Canal and the Panama Railway Company.
603
Dec. 4 From the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs to the Assistant Secretary of State
Transmittal of the Panamanian memorandum of December 1, and suggestion that the Panamanian conferees might be informed of U. S. willingness to cooperate insofar as is feasible in improving employment conditions of Panamanian citizens.
608
Dec. 27 (543) From the Minister in Panama
Account of conversations with the Foreign Minister and the President, both of whom voiced disappointment over the apparent lack of progress in the Washington conversations.
609

Objections by Panama to Receiving Payment of the Panama Canal Annuity in Devalued Dollars

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Jan. 17 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with the Panamanian Minister, who requested that the Canal annuity of $250,000 due on February 26, be paid on a gold basis; also that the difference between annuity on a gold basis and annuity in “legal tender” be paid directly to the Panamanian Government rather than to the Fiscal Agent.
612
Jan. 25 From the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs to the Assistant Secretary of State
Transmittal of memorandum of January 17, and submission of views and recommendations relative to the Panamanian request.
613
[Page LVIII]Feb. 21 To President Roosevelt
Memorandum (text printed) embodying U. S. views on Panama’s request, and suggestion that substance of the memorandum might be orally communicated to the Panamanian Minister by the Chief of the Latin American Division.
(Footnote: President’s concurrence in suggestion.)
616
Feb. 26 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Explanation of U. S. views to the Panamanian Minister, who set forth his country’s position and requested a conference with U. S. officials to discuss the matter further.
617
Feb. 28 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conference between U. S. officials and the Panamanian Minister, who stated that the Fiscal Agent of Panama had been instructed to decline to receive the U. S. payment of $250,000 made on February 26.
619
Feb. 28 Memorandum by the Panamanian Minister, Handed to the Department of State, March 1, 1934
Insistence of Panama on U. S. legal obligation to pay the Canal annuity in gold dollars of the weight and fineness of the year 1904.
620
Mar. 2 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Telephone conversation with the Panamanian Minister, who reported a Cabinet decision to devote to the service of its loans the additional payment which it expects to receive through payment of the annuity on a gold basis.
623
Mar. 2 From Sullivan & Cromwell
Information that Mr. Cromwell, Fiscal Agent of Panama, has deemed it necessary upon advice from the Panamanian Government to return the check tendered by the United States on February 26.
624
Mar. 20 To President Roosevelt
Suggested procedure for dealing with the situation which has arisen over U. S. payment of the Canal annuity, and inquiry as to whether procedure meets with President’s approval.
(Footnote: President’s approval of the procedure.)
624
Mar. 31 (29) To the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Advice of procedure decided upon by the United States for dealing with the Canal annuity matter.
625
(Note: Final settlement of the matter by article 7 of the general treaty of friendship and cooperation between the United States and Panama, signed March 2, 1936.) 626
[Page LIX]

Negotiations Regarding Proposed Transfer of Two Radio Stations by the United States Navy to the Republic of Panama

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Nov. 13 (160) From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Advice that U. S. Navy is now prepared to turn over its radio stations at La Palma and Obaldia to the Panamanian Government but suggests certain changes in installations, and wishes Legation to make informal inquiries of the Panamanian Government as to its views.
626
Nov. 21 (105)
To the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Information that Department perceives no objection to informal inquiries being made.
627
1934 Jan. 29 (14) From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Conversation with the Foreign Minister, who stated that Navy’s conditions are not acceptable to Panama because of their effect on radio stations’ freedom of action.
627
Feb. 4 (19) From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Submission to Foreign Minister on February 2 of an informal draft agreement covering transfer of radio stations. Comments on opposing views of Navy and Panama regarding ship to shore service.
627
Feb. 4 (106) From the Minister in Panama
Further information regarding Panamanian desire for an ample measure of independence in her radio facilities.
628
Feb. 9 (23) From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Résumé of Foreign Office memorandum setting forth Panamanian views on the draft agreement submitted on February 2.
629
Mar. 3 (142) From the Minister in Panama
Report on efforts made to reconcile conflicting views of the Navy and the Panamanian Government, and decision that no further approach should be made to Panama pending further instructions from Department.
630
Mar. 10 (146) From the Minister in Panama
Recent informal conversation with President Arias during which he expressed his desire for the use of a broadcasting set in his own office for the delivery of weekly addresses on Government activities.
634
Mar. 23 (25) To the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Decision to wait until agreement has been reached on the general question of radio control in Panama before sending further instructions on the proposed transfer of stations at Obaldia and La Palma.
635
May 2 (213) From the Minister in Panama
Transmission of an amended draft agreement covering transfer of the two radio stations, text of which was agreed upon during a conference held with Naval officials on April 29.
635
July 6 (124) From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Request for instructions as to presentation to the Panamanian Government of draft agreement transmitted in despatch No. 213, May 2.
637
July 7 (74) To the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Reiteration of Department’s position as set forth in telegram No. 25, March 23.
638
[Page LX]

Disapproval by the Secretary of State of Protest by the Minister in Panama Against Speech of a Municipal Official

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Nov. 3 (476) From the Minister in Panama
Note filed with the Foreign Office (text printed) protesting against a speech recently delivered by a public official of Colon which contained slurring remarks against the United States.
638
Nov. 6 (478) From the Minister in Panama
Foreign Office reply dated November 6 (text printed) disclaiming liability or sanction on behalf of the Government for statements of a municipal officer.
639
Nov. 20 To the Minister in Panama
Opinion that action of filing a formal protest against the speech of a Panamanian municipal employee was inadvisable in the circumstances.
640

URUGUAY

Preliminary Discussions Respecting a Trade Agreement Between the United States and Uruguay

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Jan. 16 (574) From the Minister in Uruguay
Transmittal of Uruguayan Government’s draft text of proposed commercial treaty with the United States, and of a proposal regarding quotas and import restrictions advanced by the Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.
641
Jan. 31 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Conversation with the Uruguayan Chargé, during which the Secretary outlined the general situation of the United States in regard to entrance into reciprocity treaties.
643
July 18 Memorandum by the Secretary of State of a Conversation With the Uruguayan Minister
Secretary’s explanation of the difficulties which must be overcome before actual development of trade agreements can be considered.
644
Aug. 9 (698) From the Chargé in Uruguay
Information relating to the importance to be attached to exports of meat in any treaty negotiations carried on with Uruguay.
644

Efforts of the Department of State To Secure Equitable Treatment for American Interests With Respect to Uruguayan Exchange Restrictions

Date and number Subject Page
1934 Apr. 6 (22) To the Minister in Uruguay (tel.)
Request for opinion as to the advisability of making representations to the Uruguayan Government with reference to discrimination against American trade, allegedly being practiced in the matter of foreign exchange allotment.
647
Apr. 11 (27) From the Minister in Uruguay (tel.)
Opinion that it would be unwise to make any representations before elections take place on April 19.
647
[Page LXI]June 1 (501) From the Consul General at Montevideo
Figures on allotments of exchange to American interests for the first four months of 1934, and totals of Uruguayan exports to the United States for the same period for comparison therewith.
648
July 3 (30) To the Chargé in Uruguay (tel.)
Notification of the forthcoming special mission to certain South American countries of John H. Williams, economist of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, for the purpose of investigating exchange problems, and of possibility of his including Montevideo if time permits.
650
July 10 (31) To the Chargé in Uruguay (tel.)
Press reports from London that American interests in Uruguay are being jeopardized by British-Uruguayan foreign exchange negotiations; instructions to discuss the matter with the Foreign Minister.
650
July 12 (47) From the Chargé in Uruguay (tel.)
Conversation with Foreign Minister, who stated that the Uruguayan Government was insisting upon retaining sufficient exchange for other than British indebtedness.
651
July 13 (48) From the Chargé in Uruguay (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s advice that Uruguay is now offering to give Great Britain 90 percent of sterling exchange and to retain the balance of 10 percent for use in allocation of exchange to other countries.
651
July 13 (670) From the Chargé in Uruguay
Further conversations with Foreign Minister, during which he gave the impression of considerable anxiety as to Uruguayan ability to resist British pressure for allocation of all sterling exchange.
652
July 16 (673) From the Chargé in Uruguay
Acknowledgment of telegram No. 30, July 3, relative to the Williams mission, and opinion that Mr. Williams’ presence in Montevideo would be of positive importance.
653
July 17 (83) To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
For Williams: Urgent request that time be found for a visit to Montevideo in view of recent developments in the Uruguayan exchange situation.
654
July 19 (32) To the Chargé in Uruguay (tel.)
Opinion that Uruguayan allocation of only 10 percent of sterling exchange, to countries other than Great Britain would constitute discrimination against American interests; instructions to discuss this with the Foreign Minister.
655
July 20 (49) From the Chargé in Uruguay (tel.)
Conversation with the Under Secretary of Foreign Affairs, who advised that no decision has yet been reached in the sterling exchange matter.
655
July 23 (50) From the Chargé in Uruguay (tel.)
Conversation with the Foreign Minister, who stated definitely that equal treatment would be extended to American interests.
655
[Page LXII]July 31 (685) From the Chargé in Uruguay
Details of the visit of the Williams mission to Montevideo and the series of conferences held with Uruguayan officials and representatives of American interests.
656
Aug. 8 (54) From the Chargé in Uruguay (tel.)
Advice that a Uruguayan decree for the control of free exchange will become effective on August 15.
659
Oct. 5 (287) To the Chargé in Uruguay
Transmittal of a copy of Williams’ report on the Uruguayan exchange situation, and request that an investigation be made in accordance with certain suggestions contained in the report.
660
Oct. 17 (794) From the Chargé in Uruguay
Conversation with the Director of the Bank of the Republic regarding the possibility of a total removal of exchange restrictions in Uruguay.
661
Oct. 20 (802) From the Chargé in Uruguay
Detailed information in answer to Department’s request contained in instruction No. 287, October 5.
662
Dec. 11 (871) From the Chargé in Uruguay
Transmittal of report on the balance of payments between the United States and Uruguay.
664