711.672/580, 583

The American High Commissioner (Bristol) to the Turkish Minister for Foreign Affairs (Tewfik Rouschdy)30

[Translation31]

Excellency: I have the honor to make the following statement of the agreement which has resulted from the conversations that have been held at Angora on behalf of the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Turkey with reference to the regularization of relations between the United States of America and Turkey.

1. The United States of America and Turkey are agreed to establish between themselves diplomatic and consular relations, based upon the principles of international law, and to proceed to the appointment of Ambassadors as soon as possible. They are further agreed that their diplomatic and consular representatives shall enjoy, on the basis of reciprocity in the territory of the other, the treatment recognized by the general principles of public international law.

2 (a). The United States of America and Turkey are agreed to regulate, by treaties or special conventions, on the basis of the general principles of public international law and of complete reciprocity, the commercial and consular relations, as well as the conditions of establishment and residence, of the nationals of the other party, in their respective territories.

(b) In the event that the treaty signed at Lausanne August 6, 1923, by the United States of America and Turkey should be ratified [Page 795]on or before June 1, 1928, the provisions of that treaty, together with its annexes, shall be considered as meeting the requirements specified in subparagraph (a) of this paragraph, as regards the regularization of commercial and consular relations, and conditions of establishment and residence. It is understood that in the event the Turkish-American treaty should be ratified on or before June 1, 1928, article 31, thereof, shall be modified at the time of its ratification in the following sense: the articles of the said treaty which have a temporary character shall expire on the same date as the corresponding provisions of the treaties and conventions signed by Turkey and the Allies at Lausanne, July 24, 1923.

(c) The United States of America and Turkey are agreed that the treaty of extradition signed at Lausanne, August 6, 1923, shall, at a time mutually convenient to them, be submitted to the competent authorities of their respective Governments for ratification. Further, that negotiations for a naturalization convention shall be undertaken within six months after the coming into effect of the consular convention and the convention of establishment and residence referred to in subparagraph (a) of this paragraph, or the coming into effect of the Turkish-American treaty mentioned in subparagraph (b). The question of claims shall be dealt with in accordance with the provisions of the notes exchanged between the American and Turkish Governments at Constantinople on December 24, 1923; it being understood that the provisions of those notes will come into force six months after the exchange of ratifications of the commercial convention and the convention of establishment and residence referred to in subparagraph (a), in the event that the Turkish-American treaty, mentioned in subparagraph (b), is not ratified.

3. Pending the coming into effect of the consular convention and the convention of establishment and residence referred to in subparagraph (a) of paragraph (2), or the coming into effect of the Turkish-American treaty mentioned in subparagraph (b), the principles enumerated in paragraph (1) and (2) of this note, together with the essential provisions of the Turkish-American treaty signed at Lausanne August 6, 1923, and its annexes, shall constitute the basis for the treatment, which, on condition of reciprocity, shall be accorded the nationals of the United States of America in the territory of Turkey and the nationals of Turkey in the territory of the United States of America.

4. The present agreement shall become effective on the day of signature.

I should be glad to have your confirmation of the accord thus reached.

Accept [etc.]

Mark L. Bristol
  1. A copy of the French text of this note was transmitted to the Department by the High Commissioner in his despatch No. 2176, Feb. 18; received Apr. 1. The translation was transmitted in despatch No. 2186, Feb. 27; received Mar. 17.
  2. File translation revised.