The Ambassador in Cuba (Crowder) to the Secretary of State
[Received June 11.]
Sir: I have the honor to refer to my despatch No. 730 of June 2, 1924, transmitting copy of my communication to President Zayas in re the then pending Amnesty Bill, and to enclose herewith of [a] copy of his reply thereto.
It is pertinent to note the fact that he expresses the opinion that not more than thirty individuals will be released from the prisons in pursuance of this amnesty. I hope that this estimate may be correct, but in case this Amnesty Bill is like that of sixteen other amnesties which have preceded it in the history of the Republic of Cuba, we shall never have any report of the execution it has received.
The main application of the Amnesty Bill which the President signed will be to pending indictments in which, as yet, no sentence has been adjudged and which will now be dismissed; and to the still larger number of cases in which, for one reason or another, no indictment has ever been found. The Department will recall the Whereas Clauses of the original Amnesty Bill, setting forth the justification therefor. One of these clauses reads as follows:
“It is therefore a fact that no one can deny or ignore that during a period of more than fifteen years it has been the custom in this country to favor a multitude of persons with imaginary positions [Page 611] and collectorias, which were made to appear in the name of nonexistent persons, which practice has prevailed in absolutely all of the branches of the administration, and that absolutely all social classes have taken advantage of this situation. The influence of the personages was measured by the number of these favors which lie was able to distribute.”
All cases of the character described in this quotation are covered by the amnesty and, in addition, those that are pointed out in the clipping from the Havana Post of June 6th hereto attached marked Enclosure “B”.5
I have [etc.]