Paris Peace Conf. 180.0501/27

Supreme Economic Council: Twenty-seventh Meeting Held at the Ministry of Commerce [on 17th July, 1919, at 2:30 p.m.]

The Supreme Economic Council held its Twenty-seventh Meeting on Thursday, the 17th of July, 1919, at 2:30 p.m. under the Chairmanship of Mr. Hoover. The Associated Governments were represented as follows:—

America, United States of Dr. Taylor.
Mr. Dulles.
British Empire Mr. Wise.
Mr. Waley.
France M. Clémentel.
M. Claveille.
M. Celier.
M. Seydoux.
Italy Signor Crespi.
Belgium Major Bemelmans.


The Minutes of the Twenty-sixth meeting were approved.

262. Shipments From German Austria to Serbia.

A cable from the Chief of the American Relief Mission at Vienna to the Director-General of Relief, dated the 14th July (242), reporting that the Italian Military Mission at Vienna were insisting on specific permission for each shipment of steel and other bridge materials from German Austria to Serbia, and requesting that general authority might be given for the passage of these goods when in exchange for foodstuffs, was submitted.

The Italian Delegates pointed out that Italy has a certain responsibility with reference to the materials of war to be divided between the Allied Governments under the terms of the Armistice agreement, and submitted that definite arrangements should be made to carry this division into effect.

They added that, until such action had been taken, it was impossible for the Italian Government to agree to the removal of all control on the passage from German Austria of such materials as those referred to above, although they did not propose actually to suggest that the shipments should cease.

The Italian Government undertook that immediate steps should be taken to ensure that the shipment to Serbia of the bridge materials [Page 471] in question should be allowed to proceed and facilitated to the utmost.

It was agreed that the question of the partition of materials of war in German Austria should be referred for consideration as an emergency matter to the Commission formulating the terms of the Austrian Reparation Clauses.

263. Use of Ex-Enemy Tonnage.

Memorandum from the Freight Committee of the Food Section (243) was submitted regarding:—

The provision of 34,000 tons of German tonnage for the shipment of wheat purchased by the German Government in the Argentine, to arrive in September or early October.
The provision of tonnage to lift 30,000 tons of wheat from the Argentine to German Austria for loading during the last half of July or early August.

The Chairman stated that, subject to ratification by the United States Shipping Board, the American Delegation would agree to waive their right to replacement by ex-enemy tonnage of tonnage used for the transport of American supplies to various relief centres, upon the condition that the Supreme Economic Council would accept the above proposals.

The Belgian Delegates referred to the question of using Antwerp as a port of discharge for supplies purchased by the German Government in the Argentine (see Minute 246 (i)), and a note from the Freight Section (244), recording the action taken regarding this matter, was noted.

The Belgian Delegates pointed out that a large proportion of the cereals from Argentine to Germany had, previously to the war, passed through the port of Antwerp, and requested that definite instructions might be issued to the effect that the immediate re-establishment of this traffic through Antwerp, at least up to the pre-war amount, might be effected, within the limits of the supplies available.

It was agreed:—

That authority should be given for the allocation of 34,000 tons of German tonnage for the transport to Germany of cereals purchased in the Argentine, and making arrival in September or early October.
That it should be made a condition of this allocation of tonnage for transport of supplies to Germany that as large a quantity as possible of the total supplies shipped from the Argentine to Germany, at least up to the pre-war proportions, as between Antwerp and Rotterdam, should be discharged through the port of Antwerp.
That the supply of ex-enemy tonnage making July/August loading and required to lift 30,000 tons of wheat from the Argentine to German Austria should be sanctioned.
That freight rates based on Blue Book rates should apply as regards all tonnage carrying foodstuffs to German Austria as well as Germany.

With reference to the report from the Freight Committee regarding the surplus German tonnage on charter to the United States Food Administration and lying in the United States ports, the Chairman reported that only three or four boats remained, and arrangements were being made, if possible, to cancel the charters, in which case the boats would be handed back to the Allied Maritime Transport Executive for re-allocation.

264. Russian Prisoners in Germany.

A memorandum, dated the 15th July (245), submitted to Council of Heads of Delegations1 by the Director-General of Belief, regarding the arrangements to be made for the immediate support and subsequent repatriation of Russian prisoners in Germany, was submitted for the information of and consideration by the Council.

It was agreed to recommend to the Council of Heads of Delegations that all responsibility for the revictualling and support of these prisoners until they are repatriated should devolve upon the Military authorities of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers, and to urge the necessity of an immediate definition of policy, in view of the pressing nature of the problem.

265. Finance of Austrian Food Supplies.

With reference to Minute 256, the letter regarding the provision of further food supplies to German Austria, sent by the Director-General of Belief to the Council of Heads of Delegations2 (246), in accordance with the decision reached by the Supreme Economic Council, was submitted for information.

266. Re-Establishment of Postal Communications With Germany.

The British Delegates reported receipt of a letter from the British Foreign Office, dated the 11th July (247), enquiring as to the policy of the Supreme Economic Council regarding the reopening of a mail service to occupied and unoccupied Germany, was considered.

It was agreed:—

(a) That a Sub-Committee, composed of the following members:—

United States of America Commander Baker,
British Empire General Mance,
France M. Seydoux,
Italy Commendatore Sinigaglia,
Commendatore Fiori,
Belgium M. le Comte de Laubespin,

[Page 473]

with power to act, should be formed to make arrangements for the reopening of the service. In the event of any difficulty arising, the matter would be referred back to the Council.2a

(b) That the first meeting of the Committee should be held on Friday, the 18th July, at 10:30 a.m., at 27, Rue de Constantine.

267. Interchange of Goods Between the Countries of Central Europe.

A cable from the Allied Railway and Food Missions at Warsaw, dated the 13th July (248), regarding the resumption and regulation of the interchange of goods, such as potatoes and coal, between Poland on the one hand and Germany, German Austria and Czecho-Slovakia on the other hand, was reported.

It was agreed:—

That the proposals made by the Allied Railway and Food Missions should be submitted to the Council of Heads of Delegations for their approval.
That, if they so desired, the Italian Government should be at liberty to appoint a representative on the Commissions to be formed at the places of transit, with a view to supervising the carrying out of the regulations in connection with the passage of the goods.

268. Passage of Foodstuffs to Armenia.

A Memorandum (249), prepared by the Director-General of Relief, and submitted to the Council of Heads of Delegations,3 regarding the stoppage by the Georgian authorities of foodstuffs intended by the Allied and Associated Governments for the relief of Russian Armenia, was submitted for the information of the Council.

Appendix 242

Shipments From German Austria to Serbia

Following telegram sent to Mr. Hoover by Captain Gregory, Chief of the American Mission, at Vienna.

“Vienna, July 14, 1919.


Italian military mission here is insisting on necessity of specific permission granted by it for each shipment steel and bridge materials shipped by Austrians to Serb Kingdom. This material shipped as compensation for foodstuffs and delays occasioned by Italian attitude are irritating Serbs who though [sic] cut off food shipments from Banat. Will you please have a resolution passed at next meeting [Page 474] Supreme Economic Council covering these shipments in block as Italian Mission here claims to act in this matter under authority Supreme Economic Council.


Appendix 2434

(1) Memorandum From the Freight Committee Regarding Tonnage for German Purchases in the Argentine

The following cable has been received from W. H. Muller & Co., The Hague:—

“Please inform Captain Elliot over and above hundred and thirty five thousand tons we have further engagement with German buyers, and they inform us that they will receive total two hundred and fifty thousand tons freight by Economic Council. We shall be obliged if Captain Elliot could confirm this, and when he will request Charter Parties to be signed.”

The figure of 250,000 tons, no doubt, arises from the fact that some months ago the Germans were informed by the Paris Finance Committee, that it was estimated that there would be 250,000 tons of German tonnage to make June/July’s loading in the Argentine.

The Freight Committee understand from the A. M. T. E. that Germany is entitled only to use of German tonnage making arrival in Germany by the 31st August.

The actual amount of German tonnage which on present estimation has loaded, or will load, in the Argentine to make arrival in Europe by about the 31st August, is about 230,000 tons deadweight.

Of the tonnage composing this figure 70,000 tons have been loaded by the Wheat Executive for Allied destinations, owing to the fact that the Compañía Mercantil stopped loading after completing the first four vessels allocated to them against their sales to Germany, on the ground that they had not been able to get the necessary cover from the Germans to enable them to sign the charters.

The German tonnage, therefore, available for Germany is reduced to 160,000.

The original purchases notified by Messrs. Muller amounted to 135,000 tons wheat and 20,000 linseed, and a further purchase of 50,000 tons has recently been concluded, making the total purchases by Germany 205,000 tons cargo, or, say, 228,000 deadweight.

Against these purchases the Freight Committee have allocated 194,000 tons of tonnage, including 32,000 tons of French managed Austrian tonnage.

[Page 475]

It appears not unreasonable that the Germans should have the use of 228,000 deadweight tonnage in all having regard to the fact that the loss to the Germans of the 70,000 tons above referred to was primarily due to the fact that the Germans were asked to convert their f. o. b. contract with the mercantile into a c. i. f. contract in order to simplify the collection of freight.

This will involve giving the Germans a further 34,000 tons of German tonnage making arrival in September or early October.

The Freight Committee desire a decision of the Supreme Economic Council as to whether this tonnage should be allocated to Germany, and whether rates based on British Blue Book rates should apply. The A. M. T. E. raises no objection, provided that the names of the vessels to make up the figure of 34,000 tons are submitted to the A. M. T. E. for approval.

(2) Supplies for German Austria Arriving After End of Cereal Year

The Freight Committee have considered the question of the proposed supply of tonnage to lift 30,000 tons Wheat from the Argentine to German Austria last half July/August loading.

Assuming that enemy tonnage is to be utilised for Germany in accordance with the programme set out in (1) above the following enemy tonnage is in position to meet the requirements of Austria:—

  • July loading—
    • Italian managed (Austrian), Epidaure, Laguna,
    • French managed (Austrian), Buda,
  • August loading—
    • Italian managed (Austrian), Maria Immacolata.

with a later August German vessel to be arranged.

The Italian Delegate has, however, pointed out that no relief programme has been sanctioned by the Supreme Economic Council in respect of arrivals after the end of the current cereal year, and that the Italian position does not permit of Italy surrendering tonnage which might otherwise be available for the carrying of foodstuffs to Italy. Further, in view of the falling off of cereal arrivals in Italy during August, the Italian Delegate has asked that Great Britain should waive in favour of Italy her claim for replacement of tonnage used by Great Britain in sending supplies for Germany, which is being met in part by allocating to Great Britain some of the cargoes shipped by the Wheat Executive from the Argentine in German tonnage.

The view of the Freight Committee is that in the event of the Supreme Economic Council deciding that this claim of Austria ought [Page 476] to be met, it should be possible to arrange tonnage as above if it is found practicable to improve August arrivals in Italy by the allocation to Italy of some surplus German tonnage.

In this connection the attention of the Freight Committee has been drawn to the fact that according to the statement of the American Food Administration, dated the 5th of July, a block of German tonnage amounting to 137,000 tons now on charter to the United States Food Administration has arrived in United States ports for nearly a month.

No claims on this tonnage by Germany has been received by the Freight Committee.

If this tonnage is not required for Germany, and, if the United States do not propose to load this tonnage for relief purposes, it is anticipated that it may be possible to arrange with the Shipping authorities to improve the Italian August position, and so enable Italian managed vessels in the Argentine to be put into the Austrian programme.

On the question of the rates to be charged to Austria the following minute has been received from the Finance Committee of the A. M. T. E. to whom the A. M. T. E. has referred this point.

“The Committee were of opinion that there was no obligation to allow the Austrian Government any special consideration as regard the rates of freight to be charged, and therefore freight rates on a commercial basis should be fixed. It was, however, decided to obtain the sanction of the Supreme Economic Council before enforcing this decision, in case it might be desired to allow some consideration in view of the difficult position of German Austria.

“The Italian representative stated, however, that recent commercial rates to Rotterdam were higher than those to Genoa, and therefore he thought it should be considered whether it would not be more economical to import this wheat through Trieste. The Committee thought that this point ought to receive careful consideration, in view of the much greater distance by land from Rotterdam to Austria. The Committee decided to recommend to the Supreme Economic Council that this should be allowed.”

The Freight Committee therefore desire that the Supreme Economic Council should be asked to decide:—

Whether the Austrian request for 30,000 tons of tonnage should be met out of enemy tonnage although the supplies will not arrive until after the end of the cereal year.
Whether Austria should be given the advantage of rates based on British Blue Book rates, and
Whether the German tonnage now in United States Ports is required for Germany for Relief purposes.

F. B. Elliot
[Page 477]

Appendix 244

Minute from Freight Committee [Regarding] Use of Antwerp as a Port of Discharge for German Food Supplies

With reference to the second paragraph of the letter from the Allied Maritime Transport Executive (90) regarding the request of the Belgian Government for the selection of Antwerp as a port of discharge for Government vessels carrying mercantile wheat from the Plate for Germany, it was agreed that the Freight Committee had no authority over the ports of discharge, this being entirely a matter for the charterers, Messrs. Muller & Co., to arrange.

It was decided to ask Messrs. Muller & Co., to consider sympathetically the request of the Belgian Government and to endeavour to arrange for some of the vessels to be chartered by them to discharge at Antwerp, the option for which was given in the Charter parties.

Appendix 245

Memorandum Submitted [by the Director General of Relief (Hoover)] to Council of Heads of Delegations Regarding Russian Prisoners in Germany

It will be recollected that the Allied Governments made certain agreements with the Germans for the retention of Russian prisoners in Germany, and made undertakings for the support of these prisoners by the Allied Governments. Their food supply and support has been carried out through the French Government, the British Red Cross, the American Red Cross, with a personnel of some 800 Allied officers, doctors, &c., under the general direction of the Inter-Allied Military Mission at Berlin. The Supreme Economic Council was appealed to to arrange for such food supply, and the measures above recited were finally, to a considerable degree, instituted at the inspiration of that Council.

The British Red Cross have already notified of the withdrawal of their entire personnel on the 1st August. This will immediately leave some 35,000 of the prisoners without supervision. The American army will necessarily demobilise their entire personnel some time in the month of August. The Red Cross societies are withdrawing their financial support and the funds for the provision of food and clothing (except those provided by the French Government) are absolutely exhausted, and I understand that even these are about to be withdrawn. The Supreme Economic Council has no means by which any further provision can be made in this matter.

[Page 478]

The retention of these prisoners was primarily a military measure instituted under the Allied Military authorities and it would appear to me must now become a proper concern of the various War Departments. There are apparently about 250,000 prisoners left, of whom it is desired to repatriate approximately 25,000 as recruits to the Russian Northern Army. Of the balance, some 40,000 should be repatriated to Southern Russia and the remainder to Central Russia. The prisoners are largely Bolshevik, which may have a political bearing on the destinations to which they are repatriated. In any event, it is necessary to provide at once some measure for food, clothing and personnel to supervise distribution pending repatriation, and beyond this it is necessary to immediately provide for their repatriation. This latter operation will require some months, but they must be repatriated before winter.

I understand the German authorities are demanding the immediate repatriation of these prisoners, as it requires a force of some 18,000 German troops to guard them. The prisoners themselves are demanding their repatriation. I understand that their boots and clothing are in such condition that they cannot be marched to any destination and, in any event, they would probably indulge in brigandage unless repatriated under military supervision.

The points therefore to be decided are:—

Are the prisoners to be repatriated at once?
Are they to be repatriated to the nearest Russian point through Poland?
Are they to be repatriated by sea to Black Sea ports?
If either of these alternatives, who is to pay for the cost thereof, and who is to undertake it?
Who is to furnish the food and personnel for their care in the meantime?

I would like to emphasise that the relief agencies under co-ordination through the Supreme Economic Council have now practically exhausted their resources and cannot take part in this matter, so that other arrangements must be set up at the earliest possible moment.

Herbert Hoover

Appendix 246

[Letter From the Director General of Relief (Hoover) Requiring] Finance of Austrian Food Supplies

My Dear Mr. Lansing: As you are aware, we have been for many months providing large food supplies for the State of German Austria. [Page 479] The financial cycle that we have set up between Allied and Associated Governments’ for this end will have exhausted itself by the end of August, with the provision of about 80,000,000 dollars of supplies. Austria must receive continuous relief in food thereafter, and it must also be provided with raw materials during the whole of next year. The conditions of the Treaty are such that the entire financial resources of Austria are placed at the disposal of the Separations Commission. It is therefore utterly impossible to arrange any credits or finance to Austria except by the activities of this Commission.

It is also necessary to give some assurance to Austria, at the earliest moment, that further food is going to be provided, or that Government is likely to collapse before the Treaty can be signed. The Supreme Economic Council therefore yesterday directed me to lay before the Council of Five the suggestion that a communication should be given to the Austrian Delegates in Paris to somewhat the following effect:—

“In respect to the request laid before the Supreme Economic Council from the Austrian Delegates, that provision of further food supplies should be immediately undertaken by the Allied and Associated Governments, this request has been laid before the Council of Five, and the Council wishes to state that as food and raw materials for Austria during the forthcoming year are fundamental to her recuperation and her ability to make reparation, the method of provision of such food and raw material will be one of the first considerations of the Reparations Commission.”

For the information of the Council of Five I enclose herewith, first, a note from myself on the economic situation of Austria, and, second, copy of the communications to the Supreme Economic Council from the Austrian Delegates5 in respect to this matter.

Faithfully yours,

Herbert Hoover


It is obvious to the most superficial observer that the present economic resources of the State of German Austria are incapable of supporting the population of seven and one-half million people for at least another year. A large part of this population has for generations lived on the empire with its centralisation of political life, finance, economic, and educational institutions, and a population has been thereby created totally incapable of supporting itself when denuded of its hinterland. Its future lies not only in full production of such resources as exist, but also in the establishment of an economic equilibrium by migration. To restart the established industries involves [Page 480] credits, reorganised currency, raw material, &c. The establishment of such equilibrium cannot take place for a year at least, and the very insistent fact stands out that to prevent sheer starvation the population will need to be fed and furnished with raw materials on credit continuously. The food production of this year’s harvest in Austria would not, even if it could be uniformly distributed, last the population more than three months. As the peasant population will undoubtedly retain its twelve months’ supply, it means that the probable food intake to the city populations from the State itself does not exceed six or eight weeks. With the completion of the present relief programme, at the 1st September, foodstuffs will have been furnished to Austria, since the Armistice, aggregating a total value of nearly 80,000,000 dollars. The programme for the next twelve months will cost probably 150,000,000 dollars, and even this would be insufficient to maintain order unless raw material can also be found and as much of the population as possible returned to production. Without this assistance the ultimate payment of reparation by Austria does not seem to be very probable.

It is necessary, therefore, to give some consideration at an early moment to the fate of these people, and if any reparation is to be expected their economic situation must be taken in hand at an early date with the hope that it can be ultimately built up to a point where their surplus production may yield something for indemnities. The economic rehabilitation of Austria cannot be effected without establishing equitable relationship between Austria and the surrounding States as to communications and customs union.

If this problem is to be accomplished, there must be some central authority whose position is such that it can enforce its economic will not only in Austria but in the surrounding States, and who can secure for Austria the necessary credits for raw material, food, &c. Under the terms of the Treaty, this authority not only exists in the Reparations Commission but it would be impossible for any form of organisation to operate outside of the Commission. It is therefore of acute importance that as quickly as the Austrian Treaty is signed the Reparations Commission should be set up, so that it may secure the initiation of the necessary measures.

The matter is one of extreme urgency, as all of the funds available for Austrian relief will have been expended by the 1st September, and there will scarcely be more than the sequent month to make arrangements for further supplies if collapse in this State is to be prevented.

Herbert Hoover

[Page 481]

Appendix 247

Re-establishment of Postal Communications With Germany

The following despatch regarding the re-establishment of postal communications with Germany has been communicated to the British Delegates:—

“Sir: In connection with the issue on the 24th May last by the Board of Trade of a general licence to persons in this country to negotiate for the supply of foodstuffs to Germany, to carry or arrange for the carriage of such foodstuffs, and to take such action as may be necessary to secure payment for any such foodstuffs, the Postmaster-General has called my attention to the fact that, as a consequence of the issue of this licence, persons in this country will seek to communicate directly by letter with unoccupied as well as with occupied Germany, and that a demand will arise for direct parcel post facilities. The question (1) of the reopening of the mail service to the occupied territories of Germany and (2) whether such a service, if established, should include all kinds of postal packages, including sample packages and parcels, must therefore be considered. It is understood that such a service could be established at short notice if authorised.

“It would appear desirable that in this matter the Associated Governments should act in a similar manner and simultaneously, and I should therefore be glad if you would submit this matter at an early date to the Supreme Economic Council in order to obtain a general decision.

“I am, [etc.],

(For Earl Curzon of Kedleston)
Gerald Spicer.”

Appendix 248

Telegram Received From Colonel Wyndham, Warsaw

Allied Railway and Food Missions to Supreme Economic Council. Please convey what follows to German Government through Conference.

“As recently agreed between Poland on one hand, and Germany, German Austria and Czecho-Slovakia on the other hand, interchange of goods such as potatoes and coal must be resumed on and after the 20th July from these points: Hohensakza, Bromberg, Krcz, Bentschen, Lissa, Adelnau, Kempen.

“Allied Governments insist that German Government shall give an official undertaking not to incite or support any aggressive measure on the frontier or dividing lines between Germany and Poland, Posen included.

“On both sides of places above mentioned, for a space of 10 kilom., places of frontier guard (Grenzschutz) to be taken at once by same number of regular soldiers.

[Page 482]

“Allies will place Commission of American, British, and French officers at said places of transit to supervise the carrying out of these regulations by both parties. Headquarters of Commission to be at Posen, attached to Allied Military Delegation. Commission to be made up at Bromberg of four officers, namely, two for Bromberg and two for Stentsch; for other points, one officer each.

“Whether German Government gives proper instructions or not, exchange of goods to commence on the 20th July in any case.

“Frontier guard to be replaced in shortest possible time.

“On the 12th July, Government decided to open frontier posts above mentioned, and requested that enough officers might be sent there to take notice of how many regular troops were sent in place of frontier guard.”

Appendix 249

Memorandum [by the Director General of Relief (Hoover)] Submitted to Council of Heads of Delegations Regarding Interference by Georgian Republic With Foodstuffs Destined for Armenia

The Relief Administration, co-operating with the various Allied authorities, has been for months striving to meet the terrible situation of starvation in Russian Armenia. Some 50,000 tons of food have been provided and the only method of access to this area is over the railway from Batoum, and this railway is in the territory of the so-called Georgian Government. The railway is operating partially under the direction of the British military authorities, who have given every co-operation in the endeavour to move the supplies. However, the Georgian authorities have constantly interfered with the movement, have repeatedly demanded that they should be given a portion of the foodstuffs, and have latterly stopped the movement of the traffic four or five days at a time, despite the protests of all of the local Allied officials.

It is impossible to depict the situation in Armenia, for until the last sixty days the population has been eating the dead. During the last two months the movement of relief supplies has been sufficient to somewhat stem the tide, but there never has been ten days’ supplies ahead of actual starvation. There is no acute necessity for foodstuffs in Georgia, although in an endeavour to secure some co-operation from, the Georgian Government we have allowed ourselves to be blackmailed from time to time in the matter. I will not repeat the correspondence on the question between our officials and the Georgian Government. It is sufficient to say that their attitude has been entirely that of brigandage, against a population dying in their door. The last advices which we have indicate that these authorities have stopped our transport for a week at a time.

[Page 483]

I quite realise that the situation is one beyond the strength of the Allied military forces at present in occupation in the Caucasus, but I am well aware of the aspirations of the Georgian authorities for consideration before the Supreme Council. I believe it might do some good if the Council could despatch a very strongly worded telegram to the Georgian authorities through their own representatives, and if the Georgian representatives in Paris were given information to the same import. My suggestion is that the telegram should be phrased in somewhat the following manner:—

“The Council has been made aware of the interference of the Georgian authorities with food supplies being sent into Armenia in an endeavour on the part of the Allied Governments to stem the tide of starvation and death amongst these unfortunate people. The Council cannot state in too strong terms that it will not tolerate such interference, and that the action taken hitherto by the Georgian authorities and the continuation of such action must entirely prejudice the case of the Georgian authorities, not only before this Council but before the court of public opinion of the world. The Council therefore expects that the authorities in Georgia shall not only give the privilege of transportation over the railway routes which they at present control, but will devote themselves to assisting in the transmission of these supplies without more than the normal charge and remuneration for such service. The Council awaits the reply of the authorities in Georgia as to whether or not they are prepared to acquiesce in this arrangement.[”]

Herbert Hoover

  1. See HD–11, minute 6, vol. vii, p. 208.
  2. See HD–9, minute 2, ibid., p. 173.
  3. For discussion by the Heads of Delegations of recommendations of the special committee, see HD–16, minute 4, and HD–18, minute 3, vol. vii, pp. 345 and 370.
  4. See HD–11, minute 7, ibid., p. 210.
  5. Appendixes 243 to 249 are filed separately under Paris Peace Conf. 180.0501/35.
  6. For text of the letter of July 9, 1919, from the Austrian delegation, see appendix 237, p. 458.