Paris Peace Conf. 180.03401/43
Notes of a Meeting Held in M. Pichon’s Room at the Quai d’Orsay, Paris, on Saturday, May 31, 1919, at 5:30 p.m.
- United States of America
- President Wilson.
- British Empire
- Rt. Hon. D. Lloyd George, M. P.
- M. Clemenceau.
- M. Orlando.
- United States of America
|Sir Maurice Hankey, K. C. B.—Secretary.|
|Prof. P. J. Mantoux.—Interpreter.|
1. Attention is drawn to the Acta relating to—
- The proposed Roumanian march on Budapest.
- League of Nations. Drafting Correction to Article 24.
- Omission of an Article on the Assling triangle from the draft Treaty of Peace with Austria.
- Invitation to the Grand Vizier of Turkey to come to Paris.
- Carinthia. Cessation of fighting between Austrians and Jugo-Slavs.
- (Appendix I.)
2. M. Orlando drew attention to the following sentence in the Preamble of the draft Treaty of Peace with Austria:—
“Whereas, by the free action of the peoples of the with former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, this Monarchy has now ceased to exist and has been replaced in Austria by a Republican Government, and”Preamble of the Treaty of Peace With Austria
He said that the words underlined1 would be displeasing to Italian public opinion, as it would be taken as underrating the Italian Military effort.
(It was agreed to omit the words underlined, as well as the words “this Monarchy”, and that the clause should read as follows:—
“Whereas, the former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy has now ceased to exist and has been replaced in Austria by a Republican Government, and”)
3. M. Orlando also suggested that the clause in the Preamble following the above, in which it was stated that the Czecho-Slovak State [Page 131] and the Serbo-Croat-Slovene State have been recognised should be omitted. He said that Italy had not recognised these States. He added that he had no knowledge of the instruction to the Drafting Committee, on which this Preamble was stated to have been based.
President Wilson suggested that the clause should begin as follows:—
“Whereas the majority of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers have already recognised etc”.
He pointed out that Poland was not included.
(The Drafting Committee were then sent for, and were introduced.)
During the discussion which followed, the Council were reminded that the presentation of the full powers of the Croats and Slovenes to the Germans had been regarded as tantamount to recognition.
M. Orlando then withdrew his objection, and the paragraph was left unchanged.
4. (After some discussion, it was agreed that no alteration should be made in the provisions of the Draft Treaty of Peace with Austria in the clauses relating to Rights of Minorities, as proposed on the same afternoon at the Plenary Conference.) Right of Minorities: Proposals Made for Altering the Draft Treaty of Peace
(M. Jules Cambon entered.)
5. (The attached Article of the Draft Treaty of Peace with Austria, relating to the frontiers between Austria and Czecho-Slovakia, which had been drawn up by the experts under M. Jules Cambon, in consequence of remarks made by the Czecho-Slovak Delegation at the Plenary Conference the same afternoon, was approved and initialled by the four Heads of States). (Appendix II.) Frontier Between Austria and Czecho-Slovakia
Sir Maurice Hankey communicated the Article direct to the Drafting Committee.
(M. Jules Cambon withdrew.)
(M. Dutasta was introduced.)
6. M. Clemenceau said he had received a letter from Herr Renner, the Head of the Austrian Delegation, who had asked to talk with him. Subject to the consent of his colleagues, he proposed to reply that it had been agreed that there should be no conversations, but that if Herr Renner liked to send a confidential note, he would undertake to show it only to the four Heads of States. Communications With the Austrian Delegation
(This was agreed to.)
(M. Dutasta withdrew.)
7. With reference to C. F. 42, Minute 7,2 Sir Maurice Hanket [Page 132] stated that he now had the Articles of the Treaty to which M. Kramarcz’s observations referred, and which had not been available on the previous day. Austrian Treaty: Proposal by M. Kramarcz
(In view of the discussion at the Plenary Conference that afternoon,2a it was decided not to discuss the question.)
(M. Tardieu entered.)
8. Mr. Lloyd George read a telegram he had received from General Allenby, indicating that the situation in Syria would be extremely grave unless the Commission of the Peace Conference should come to Syria. (Appendix III.) He said that General Wilson had also received a private letter from General Allenby, dated May 17th, 1919, which fully confirmed the message in the telegram. Hence, he felt that the moment had come to decide whether the Commission was to be sent out. Personally, he would prefer that the Commission should proceed at once. The United States Commissioners had already left for Syria. He himself, did not wish to send out British Commissioners unless the French also sent Commissioners, but in this case, he must inform General Allenby. The situation was so serious that he could not postpone action. Turkey: The Proposed Commission to Syria, Mesopotamia, etc.
M. Clemenceau said his position was as he had stated a few days before, namely, that he was willing to send French Commissioners as soon as the relief of British troops by French troops was begun. As long as Syria remained entirely in British military occupation, and Mr. Lloyd George’s latest proposals held the field it was useless to send French Commissioners. Nevertheless, he would undertake not to send any more French troops against the wishes of the British Government. He was sending some troops to Silesia [Cilicia?], although there was not much object in this from the French point of view, if Silesia [Cilicia?] was to go to the United States. As soon as General Allenby would let him know that the replacement of British troops by French could commence, so that the people of Syria knew that they were not exclusively under British force, he would send Commissioners.
Mr. Lloyd George said he had thought it right before taking action, to let his colleagues know exactly what he proposed to do. He would not send Commissioners if the French did not. General Allenby showed clearly that if French troops went to Syria now, there would be very serious trouble. He himself was not in a position to judge of the matter, but General Allenby was a very reliable man, and was the British representative on the spot, and he could not afford to neglect [Page 133] his advice. Mr. Lloyd George then read a copy of the telegram he proposed to send to General Allenby. At M. Clemenceau’s request he agreed to alter one passage in order to make it clear that the French were not willing to send Commissioners until the relief of British troops by French troops had been arranged.
M. Clemenceau said he would make no comment beyond asking for the above alteration.
Mr. Lloyd George promised to send M. Clemenceau a copy of General Allenby’s despatch.
M. Orlando said he would not send Commissioners until the British and French Governments sent them.
9. M. Orlando presented several proposed alterations in the Financial Clauses in the Draft Treaty of Peace with Austria which had been signed by the representatives of the four States on the Drafting Committee of the Financial Commission. Proposed Alteration to Financial Clauses in the Draft Treaty With Austria
President Wilson was reluctant to initial these alterations without having some explanation as to their meaning.
(The question was reserved.)