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List of Papers

[Incoming papers are listed chronologically under date of receipt. Unless otherwise specified, the correspondence is from or to officials in the Department of State.]

PART II: BELLIGERENT RIGHTS AND PRACTICES

Attitude of the United States Regarding Contraband of War, Visit and Search, etc.—Measures Affecting Neutral Trade: Control of Exports, Imports, and Bunker Coal; Black List of Firms

consideration of the control of exports from the united states-suggestions as to measures for preventing trade beneficial to germany–withdrawal by the british and french governments of the black list of firms in the united states—advice of the federal reserve board to banks against transfers of funds to neutral countries for german interests, may 10

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Apr. 9, 1917 Report of the War Trade Committee Draft bill regarding trade with the enemy. 799
5958 Apr. 7 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Quotes note of Apr. 7 and memorandum of Apr. 6 from the British Minister of Blockade on withdrawal of statutory black list as concerning the United States. 801
3998 Apr. 3 [Rec’d Apr. 18] From the Consul General at London Forwards copy of his letter of Apr. 3 to Page and British memorandum of Mar. 30 on effect which U. S. entry into the war might have on blockade. Comments. 803
863 Apr. 18 From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) British inquiry regarding U. S. attitude toward citizens of enemy origin under suspicion, and adoption of blacklisting system. 806
327 Apr. 20 To the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Bill introduced in Congress to prohibit exports except under special license. 806
488 Apr. 23 To the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Black-list measures must be enacted by Congress. Early understanding with Great Britain expected. 807
512 Apr. 27 From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Inquires if he should cooperate with British Embassy regarding blacklisting of Spanish firms. 807
6122 Apr. 30 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British withdrawal of black lists as relating to the United States, Philippines, and Porto Rico. 807
445 Apr. 30 To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Inquires nature of suggested cooperation in black-list measures. No policy yet adopted. 808
6095 Apr. 19 [Rec’d May 4] From the Ambassador in Great Britain Transmits Balfour’s note of Apr. 10 enclosing summaries of telegrams to Spring Rice on trade and transport, for U. S. consideration. 808
[Page VI] May 10 [Rec’d May 11] From the Governor of the Federal Reserve Board Forwards copy of his circular letter of May 10 to Federal Reserve Banks on desirability of preventing transfer of credits to neutral countries for account of alien enemies. 814
5421 May 4 [Rec’d May 18] From the Ambassador in France Transmits copy of French note of Apr. 30 announcing removal of U. S. and Philippine commercial houses from French black list. 816
5410 May 4 [Rec’d May 18] From the Ambassador in France Reports French activities in restricting commerce of Central powers. U. S. representation on committees is invited. 817
5449 May 11 [Rec’d May 25] From the Ambassador in France Transmits French report on blockade enforcement; measures recommended to the United States. Comments. 821

discussions with british representatives during the visit of the balfour mission—report of the joint subcommittee on export licenses—attitude of the united states toward the british suggestions: reciprocal undertakings desired of great britain-reservation of previous american contentions regarding rights of neutral trade and objections to allied practices

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
May 7 From the British Embassy Memoranda on attitude of various neutral European countries toward trade with the Allies and with the enemy, and toward shipping. 828
May 11 From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Memoranda on control of neutral tonnage and control over the supply of bunkers. 838
[May 14] Report of the Joint Subcommittee on Export Licenses Restriction of trade: procedure and requisite machinery therefor. Coal policy adopted by Great Britain. 846
May 14 Report of the Subcommittee on Statistics and Sources of Information Method for supplementing machinery of London committees in gathering information on rationing situation in neutral countries. 863
May 17 Department memorandum U. S. policy on questions relating to exports control. 865
May 17 From the British Embassy Prospect of an after-war trade boycott causes alarm in Germany. 870
May 18 From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Unsettled war-trade questions, for discussion before departure of British mission. 871
May 23 Department memorandum Tentative trade arrangements between Great Britain and the United States. 873
[Page VII] May 25 Department memorandum Method of exercising bunker control; British draft memorandum of May 24 on this subject. (Read to Lord Percy.) 874

the development of an american policy of trade control—authorization of an embargo in the “espionage act,” june 15, 1917—establishment of the exports council, june 22—instructions to american diplomatic and consular officers to procure information on neutral trade arrangements for exchange of information with the allied governments—the president’s statement on exports control, june 26—appeals from the allied governments for action in support of their policies

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
June 2 From the Consul General at London (tel.) Special licenses necessary for U. S. shipments of rubber goods via Halifax. 877
6357 June 5 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Proposed establishment in London of a permanent U. S. technical mission for war-trade objectives. 877
June 6 [Rec’d June 8] From the French Ambassador Efforts of Inter-Ministerial Financial Commission to block financial interests of the enemy. 877
232 June 11 To the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Instructions regarding joint meetings of Allied Ministers. 878
June 11 From the Consul General at London (tel.) British suggestion of concerted policy to prevent exports to firms in Latin America assisting the enemy. 878
4995 June 14 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Nominating representatives for committees already established, rather than sending technical mission, is being considered. 878
June 14 From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Suggestions regarding treatment of neutral countries under U. S. embargo legislation. 879
June 19 To the Consul General at London (tel.) Inquiry regarding activity of firms in Latin America assisting the enemy 881
June 20 To the Nash Motors Co. Reply to inquiry regarding shipment of automobiles, etc., to foreign countries. 881
2213 June 20 From the Ambassador in France (tel.) French invitation to send U. S. representative to Permanent International Committee of Economic Action. 882
June 20 To the Minister in Sweden (tel.); mutatis mutandis, to diplomatic officers in the other neutral countries Instructions to forward all available information on enemy trading, and to cooperate with colleagues on war matters. To be repeated to consular officers. 882
[Page VIII]2645 June 22 Executive order Establishment of an Exports Council. 883
June 22 To Mr. Ira Jewell Williams Information regarding certain firms suspected of using exports to advantage of the enemy. 884
June 23 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); mutatis mutandis, to diplomatic officers in certain other countries Quotes Department’s circular telegram of June 20, with instructions regarding reciprocal cooperation. 885
1003 June 26 From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Inquires meaning of instruction, “Consuls will perform conventional consular services without regard to British black list.” 885
June 27 To diplomatic officers in certain Latin American countries (tel.) Instructions to give publicity to extracts from the President’s statement regarding policy of exports control. To be repeated to consuls. 885
182 June 27 [Rec’d June 28] From the British Ambassador British difficulties regarding curtailment of supplies to the enemy pending announcement of U. S. policy. 886
June 29 [Rec’d July 2] From the French Ambassador Expediency of measures to prevent neutrals profiting by U. S. shipments and furnishing the enemy with surmlies. 888
6643 July 3 [Rec’d July 4] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Quotes instructions to British missions in neutral countries directing cooperation with U. S. colleagues in war matters. 891
July 5 From the British Embassy Memorandum regarding argument of northern neutrals that restriction of supplies would throw them into the arms of Germany. 892
860 July 6 To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) U. S. consuls will continue notarial, invoice, and like services for firms on British black list. 898
6451 June 22 [Rec’d July 6] From the Ambassador in Great Britain Meeting to consider proposal for extension of financial blockade. Enclosures: copy of minutes; draft of proposal for publication. 898
4330 June 21 [Rec’d July 7] From the Consul General at London Data regarding suspicious firms in Latin America has been sent to British special mission. Liquidation of German firms in the United States and Great Britain discussed. 902
[Page IX]

proclamation of july 9, 1917, restricting exports—statement to the european neutrals, july 24, of the american policy of exports control; request for information on their needs—resolution of the exports council, approved august 17, denying licenses for exports to enemies and allies of enemies, etc.—discussions with the british government regarding coordination of exports control and trade agreements with neutrals—british proposal for a notice to neutral banks to refrain from transactions in enemy interests—establishment of the exports administrative board, august 21

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
1385 July 9 Proclamation Restriction of exports. 903
July 9 [Rec’d July 10] From the Consul General at Rio de Janeiro (tel.) U. S. commercial delegate invited to sit with Commercial Committee of the Allies. Instructions requested. 905
6716 July 12 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Commercial Attaché to Exports Council U. S. measures for control of exports unsatisfactory. Complete prohibition recommended for certain countries. 905
July 13 To Cook’s Linoleum Co. Reply to request for special permit to receive goods from firm in Sweden on British black list. 906
July 16 To the French Ambassador Consideration being given note on expediency of measures for controlling: exports to neutrals. 907
July 17 To the Consul General at Rio de Janeiro (tel.) Instructions regarding cooperation with consular officers of Governments opposed to Germany. 907
July 24 The Exports Council to the Danish Legation; mutatis mutandis, to the Legations of the other northern European neutral countries Statement of American policy of exports control and request for information on Denmark’s needs. 908
165 July 25 To the Cuban Minister The United States has not issued any black list of firms. 911
July 26 From the British Ambassador Presents copy of Statistics of Imports into Scandinavia and the Netherlands for May. 911
6830 July 24 [Rec’d July 27] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British request for reply regarding suggestions for extension of financial blockade. 911
5520 July 13 [Rec’d July 28] From the Ambassador in France France instructs its missions in neutral countries to cooperate with American missions in supplying needed information. 912
5236 July 31 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Conversation with British representatives regarding effect of a U. S. embargo on exports to the European neutrals. 912
[Page X] Aug. 1 From the British Ambassador Forwards November edition of British trade agreements with neutrals, and other information on the subject. 914
621 Aug. 2 To the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Instructions to obtain informally all possible information from British and French colleagues on matters of blockade, statistics, etc. 915
Aug. 3 From the British Ambassador Summary of British negotiations with various neutral countries regarding tonnage. 916
5266 Aug. 7 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Certain precautionary measures taken regarding financial blockade; no further action possible until passage by Congress of Enemy Trading Act. 918
Aug. 8 To the Ministers in northern European neutral countries (tel.) Data being sought on needs of certain neutrals; further discussions with Great Britain and France on embargo policy. 919
Aug. 10 To the Brazilian Embassy; mutatis mutandis, to missions of other Allied and Associated countries Forwards copy of letter of Aug. 1 from Secretary of Commerce regarding issuance of licenses for shipments of iron, steel plates, etc. 919
Aug. 11 [Rec’d Aug. 13] From the British Ambassador Assurance of cooperation in restriction of exports; necessity for revision of certain agreements with neutrals. 920
Sept. 14 To diplomatic officers in all countries (tel.) Forwards resolution of Exports Council, approved Aug. 17, denying licenses for exports to enemies and allies of enemies. To be repeated to consuls. 922
249 Aug. 18 [Rec’d Aug. 20] From the British Ambassador For U. S. adherence: proposed notice to neutral banks to refrain from transactions in interest of the enemy. 924
2687–A Aug. 21 Executive order Establishment of an Exports Administrative Board and an Exports Council. 926
7006 Aug. 22 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British suggestion of an Allied blockade council or blockade consultative body to be set up in Washington. 927
Aug. 25 From the British Embassy Measures necessary to secure identic policy between Great Britain and the United States regarding exports restriction. 928
Aug. 27 From the British Embassy British proposal of conferences at Washington and London for extending mutual information regarding trade restrictions. 931
[Page XI]

proclamation of august 27, 1917, further restricting exports explanatory statements by the president and the exports administrative board—bunker license rules of august 31 and october 5–denial of licenses for shipments through the war zone in sailing vessels—proclamation of september 7 restricting exports of coin, bullion, and currency-refusal of the united states to join in the proposed notice to neutral banks-suspension by the united states and the allies of licenses for exports to the northern european neutrals—further discussion with the allies regarding agreements with the neutrals

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
1391 Aug. 27 Proclamation Further restriction of exports. 933
Aug. 27 To diplomatic officers in certain countries Instructions to give publicity to the proclamation further restricting exports and to the President’s explanatory statement as quoted. 937
Aug. 28 To the Secretary of the Treasury; similar letters to the Attorney General and Secretary of Commerce Forwards British note of Aug. 18 proposing financial restrictions on neutral banks. Opinion requested. 938
Aug. 30 Resolution of Exports Administrative Board Bureau of Export Licenses to withhold for the present licenses for controlled commodities for northern neutrals. 939
Aug. 31 Instructions of Exports Administrative Board Granting of bunker licenses. 939
Aug. 31 [Rec’d Sept. 4] From the Secretary of Commerce Supremely important to cut off the enemy’s supplies of credit. 940
Sept. 4 [Rec’d Sept. 5] From the Attorney General U. S. assent to financial restrictions on neutral banks suggested by Great Britain would be unwise. 940
267 Sept. 6 From the British Ambassador Inquires regarding U. S. cooperation with Allies in proposed financial restrictions on neutral banks. 941
2459 Sept. 5 [Rec’d Sept. 6] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Commercial relations with Grubnau & Son, Philadelphia, suspended by France. Inquires action to be taken. 942
Sept. 6 [Rec’d Sept. 7] From the Acting Secretary of the Treasury Control of foreign exchange, etc., obtainable under existing legislation, may attain objects sought by British proposal re financial restrictions on neutral banks. 942
1392 Sept. 7 Proclamation Restriction in export of coin, bullion, and currency. 943
Sept. 13 Public statement of Exports Administrative Board List of certain articles of commerce covered by proclamation of Aug. 27 restricting exports. 945
1782 Sept. 17 To the British Ambassador Inexpedient now to join in proposed notice to neutral banks. 946
[Page XII]2664 Sept. 18 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) French attitude toward Grubnau firm not understood, in view of removal of U. S. firms from black list. 946
Sept. 29 Public statement of Exports Administrative Board Refusal of export licenses to sailing vessels passing through war zone. 946
Sept. 22 [Rec’d Sept.24] From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Forwards letter of Sept. 22, with enclosures, from Secretary of British Embassy to McCormick: further discussion of British trade agreements with neutrals. 947
Sept. 25 From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Suspension of export licenses on commodities to Scandinavia and Holland from British Empire; exceptions. 951
Sept. 28 [Rec’d Sept.29] From the British Ambassador Presents memoranda on British and French adherence to U. S. embargo policy, exceptions to be granted by way of barter. 952
5511 Sept. 29 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) No shipments to Scandinavia; certain exceptions. 955
Oct. 2 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); the same to diplomatic officers in certain other countries Quotes Swiss press criticism of U. S. export restrictions. Danger of allowing the United States to assume full responsibility for restrictions. 956
Oct. 3 Public statement of Exports Administrative Board List of articles not requiring an export license under proclamation of Aug. 27. 956
Sept. 19 [Amended Oct.4] Resolution of Exports Administrative Board Regulations for suspending export licenses for commodities which are to be carried on sailing vessels through war zone. 957
Oct. 5 Public statement of Exports Administrative Board Policy with regard to granting bunkers to neutral vessels. 958
359 Oct. 5 [Rec’d Oct. 61 From the British Ambassador Alteration made in proposed notice to neutral banks. U. S. adherence urged. 959
Oct. 6 To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.); the same to diplomatic officers in certain other neutral countries Explanation of U. S. blockade policy; French and British decisions will be independent. 960
1835 Oct. 4 [Rec’d Oct. 7] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Russian representations against strict embargo on Sweden. 961
[Page XIII] Oct. 9 Authorization of the Exports Administrative Board No vessel permitted to clear U. S. 962 port without license for cargo, bunker fuel, etc. 962
5575 Oct. 9 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Continued consideration of treatment of northern neutrals and of possible effect of strict embargo. 962
Oct. 10 [Rec’d Oct. 11] From the Consul at Barranquilla (tel.) Shall invoices from German and pro-German firms continue to be certified? 963

establishment of the war trade board, october 12—press statement regarding exports to neutrals—discussions conducted through american delegates to the inter-allied conference—proclamations of november 28, further restricting exports and requiring licenses for certain imports

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
2729–A Oct. 12 Executive order Establishment of a War Trade Board, etc. 963
7416 Oct. 13 [Rec’d Oct. 14] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British reasons for desiring complete embargo. 970
Oct. 16 To Mr. Robert Otis Hayward Instructions to report at The Hague as Special Assistant of Department of State; duties assigned. 971
Oct. 16 To the Consul at Barranquilla (tel.) Consuls will continue to certify invoices from German and pro-German firms. 973
2602 Oct. 15 [Rec’d Oct. 17] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Explanation of French measures regarding firm of Carl Grubnau of Philadelphia. 974
Oct. 17 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); the same to diplomatic officers in certain neutral countries For publication: U. S. policy regarding embargo on exports to neutrals. 974
1141 Oct. 23 From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) British request of Italy to cooperate in prohibiting shipments to northern neutrals. Sweden’s new Government friendly to Allies. 976
Oct. 24 From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Forwards note of Oct. 23 from the Acting Chairman of W. T. B. to Secretary of British Embassy re responsibility for tightening of blockade. And reply of Oct. 24. 978
Oct. 25 From Assistant Director of Bureau of War Trade Intelligence of W. T. B. Proposed rule governing applications for licenses for export of arms and ammunition sub-mitted for approval. 978
[Page XIV] Nov. 1 To Assistant Director of Bureau of War Trade Intelligence of W. T. B. Proposed rule governing applications for licenses for export of arms and ammunition approved. 979n
Oct. 20 [Rec’d Oct. 26] From the French Ambassador Approval of British cooperation in embargo on exports to northern neutrals. Enclosure: explanatory-note re France’s adhesion. 979
2745 Oct. 27 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) Members of firm Grubnau & Son are American citizens and trade restriction in their case seems unnecessary. 980
Oct. 31 [Rec’d Nov. 2] From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Forwards copy of British note to W. T. B. regarding apportionment between Allies of various rations allotted neutrals. 980
7586 Nov. 2 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Suggests that applications for licenses for shipments to individual American importers come through W. T. B. 982
4955 Oct. 22 [Rec’d Nov. 12] From the Consul General at London Recommends that the United States announce white lists in connection with South American trade. 983
5793 Nov. 12 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Richards to McCormick No arrangements yet made to take the place of British navicert system. 984
4 Nov. 15 From the Delegate to the Inter-Allied Council (tel.): to McAdoo Modification of British financial embargo plan thought necessary before U. S. adherence. 985
7734 Nov. 19 [Rec’d Nov. 20] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): McCormick to W. T. B. Proposes suggesting to British Blockade Ministry plan for control of exports by U. S. licenses in lieu of letters of assurance. 985
Nov. 19 President Wilson to the Special Representative (tel.) Disapproves suggested method of controlling Norway’s exports; points out only legitimate method. 986
5859 Nov. 20 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Jones to McCormick Explanation of the President’s telegram regarding Norwegian exports. 986
7792 Nov. 23 [Rec’d Nov. 24] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Difficulty in moving U. S. consignments shipped from the East via Great Britain; Pacific route more desirable. 987
2855 Nov. 24 To the Ambassador in France (tel.): W. T. B. to McCormick Authorization of plan for discontinuance of navicerts in favor of control by U. S. export licenses. 988
[Page XV] Nov. 27 From the Special Representative (tel.) U. S. adherence to British and French declaration of policy regarding priority of food shipments to Europe is urged. 988
1410 Nov. 28 Proclamation Further restriction of exports. 989
1411 Nov. 28 Proclamation Prohibition of certain imports except under license. 990
Dec. 1 Public statement of W. T. B. Governmental control over imports into the United States. 992
23 Nov. 30 [Rec’d Dec. 1] From the Special Representative of W. T. B. (tel): to W. T. B. Quotes Balfour as pointing out increasing export difficulties with neutral powers contiguous to Germany. Recommendations. 994
7865 Dec. 4 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Frothingham to W. T. B. Suggestions regarding machinery for establishing U. S. license system which will displace navicerts. 995
Undated [Rec’d Dec. 5] From the Special Representative (tel.) Reports resolutions of blockade and finance sections of Inter-Allied Conference to insure provisioning of invaded countries, etc. 995

publication of the enemy trading list of firms in latin american countries, december 5—instructions to consular officers in those countries

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Dec. 5 To diplomatic officers in Latin American countries (tel.) Forwards enemy trading list of firms in Latin American countries. To be repeated to consuls. 997
562 Dec. 6 To consular officers in Latin American countries Instructions to report data for establishing enemy trading list and list of approved firms. Enclosure: extract from W. T. B. general instructions. 997
Dec. 10 To the Norwegian Minister Question of excluding from commerce with the United States Norwegian firms which import goods from Germany. 1002
Dec. 13 To diplomatic officers in Latin American countries (tel.) Instruct consuls to forward at once names of firms which should be eliminated from enemy trading list. 1003
Dec. 12 [Rec’d Dec. 14] From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Measures to be used in northern neutral countries for controlling imports when embargo is raised. 1003
Dec. 17 [Rec’d Dec. 18] From the Salvadoran Minister Salvador guarantees future neutrality of Banco Salvadoreño and requests its removal from enemy trading list. 1004
Dec. 19 [Rec’d Dec. 20] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Crosby to McAdoo Revision of plan for financial blockade submitted for approval. 1005
[Page XVI] Dec. 21 To the Consul General at London (tel.) Merchandise from the United States to war zone in Allied sailing vessels prohibited; restriction of neutral sailing vessels attempted. 1006
2950 Dec. 26 [Rec’d Dec. 27] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Invitation for U. S. delegates to join International Committee of Economic Action. 1006
26 Jan. 7, 1918 To the Salvadoran Minister Banco Salvadoreño removed from W. T. B. enemy trading list. 1007
W. T. B. report for 1917 Organization, functions, and activities of the War Trade Board. 1007

Negotiations with Denmark, Norway, and Sweden Concerning Exports and Shipping

representations as to the commercial situation and needs of the scandinavian countries-the swedish special mission to the united states-the scandinavian conference, may 9–11—the norwegian special mission to the united states

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
586 Apr. 16, 1917 [Rec’d Apr. 17] From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Contemplated embargo on northern neutrals will create feeling of resentment against the United States. 1015
Apr. 23 From the Norwegian Minister Representations regarding commercial situation and Norway’s needs. 1016
340 May 8 [Rec’d May 9] From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Swedish special mission en route to the United States; effect upon Russia of restriction of Swedish imports. 1017
346 May 9 From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Conference in Sweden of Scandinavian Ministers. 1018
358 May 13 [Rec’d May 15] From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Subjects discussed and measures of cooperation agreed upon at Scandinavian conference. 1018
174 May 15 From the Minister in Norway (tel.) Scandinavian conference agreed to continue policy of neutrality and to cooperate with neutral states for protection of joint interests; no reexportations. 1019
May 19 From the British Embassy Suggests modification of proposed demands upon Sweden regarding compensation for exports from the United States. 1019
June 11 From the Swedish Commercial Delegate Sweden’s tonnage requirements. 1020
June 15 From the Swedish Commercial Delegate List of Swedish ships detained in U. S. ports. 1021
[Page XVII] June 19 [Rec’d June 20] From the Norwegian Minister Will the United States receive Nansen as Minister on Special Mission with a view to securing for Norway necessary importations? 1022
June 20 To the Norwegian Minister Nansen will be received by the United States. 1022
June 25 From the Swedish Commercial Delegates Postponement of Swedish wheat purchases in the United States. 1022
June 26 From the Danish Minister Danish commercial situation; necessity for trade with both belligerent groups. 1023
495 June 28 [Rec’d June 29] From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Question of exports from Scandinavia to Germany. Recommendations. 1027
219 July 11 From the Minister in Norway (tel.) Recommends that Norway be subjected to less trade restriction than Sweden or Denmark. 1028
July 13 [Rec’d July 16] From the British Embassy Urges emphatic demand that Sweden stop enormous exports of iron ore to Germany. 1029

memorandum of the exports council to the neutral representatives, july 24—swedish attempt to organize a neutral conference—the danish special mission to the united states

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
July 31 From the British Ambassador Swedish commercial situation; urgency of stopping Swedish exports to Germany and securing Russian transit. 1030
Aug. 1 Remarks of Doctor Nansen to President Wilson Presentation of letters of credence as Minister of Norway on Special Mission. 1035
Aug. 1 President Wilson’s reply to Doctor Nansen Acceptance of letters of credence as Minister of Norway on Special Mission. 1036
July 31 [Rec’d Aug. 1] From the Minister in Norway (tel.) Reports visit and conversation of Swedish Minister in Norway. 1036
620 Aug. 9 [Rec’d Aug. 10] From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Swedish attempt to organize a neutral conference. 1037
1004 Aug. 11 From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Press comment on proposed neutral conference at Stockholm. 1037
Aug. 14 From the Swedish Minister Sweden empowers Nordvall to negotiate for U. S. foodstuffs, etc. 1038
652 Aug. 20 [Rec’d Aug. 21] From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Interview with Foreign Minister: Sweden’s trade with America and Germany; object of proposed neutral conference. 1038
Aug. 23 [Rec’d Aug. 24] From the British Embassy Possibility of Norway being involved in the war; Germany’s threatening attitude. 1039
[Page XVIII]1650 Aug. 25 To the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Seeks cooperation with Russia on control over imports into Sweden which would benefit the enemy. 1040
676 Aug. 25 [Rec’d Aug. 26] From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) France and Italy seek to discourage proposed neutral conference at Stockholm. 1040
682 Aug. 27 [Rec’d Aug. 28] From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Sweden will not sever commercial relations with Central powers; will seek agreement with the United States, however. 1041
1686 Aug. 31 [Rec’d Sept. 2] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Reports proposed Russian shipments of oil cake to Sweden; urges restriction of commerce with Sweden. 1041
743 Sept. 11 [Rec’d Sept.12] From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Dispatch to Washington of Swedish commissioner to continue negotiations for supplies and to discuss Sweden’s exports to Germany. 1041
767 Sept. 14 [Rec’d Sept. 15] From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Transit licenses to Russia granted provided the United States will furnish equivalent quantity of goods for Swedish consumption. 1042
5431 Sept. 15 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Urges British permission for passage of rye to Sweden in return for wheat furnished Belgian Relief. 1042
318 Sept. 21 [Rec’d Sept.22] From the Minister in Norway (tel.) Necessity for clear embargo policy on part of the United States. 1043
7251 Sept. 25 [Rec’d SeDt.261 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Quotes British reply to request to permit passage of consignment of ryc to Sweden. 1044
40.A. XXIX Sept. 27 From the Danish Minister Difficulties facing Denmark as result of U. S. embargo; more satisfactory arrangement urged. 1045
834 Sept. 29 [Rec’d Sept.30] From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Believed impossible to compel Sweden to discontinue ore exports to Germany. Curtailment thought possible. 1047
363 Oct. 1 To the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Negotiations regarding embargo on exports to Scandinavian countries. 1047
5522 Oct. 2 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Instructions to make representations regarding British refusal to permit passage of rye to Sweden. 1049
40.A. XXIX Oct. 2 [Rec’d Oct. 3] From the Danish Minister Requests that Danish commercial representatives be received by Exports Council, Shipping Board, etc. 1049
166 Oct. 8 To the Minister in Norway (tel.) Future policy will be to refuse Norway supplies while it continues exports benefiting the enemy. 1050
864 Oct. 8 [Rec’d Oct. 9] From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) New Swedish Administration may be favorable to Allies. Delay and leniency in trade negotiations advisable. 1050
[Page XIX]538 Oct. 13 To the Minister in Denmark (tel.) No shipments to Denmark pending negotiations. Understanding to be reached soon. 1051
1398 Oct. 15 [Rec’d Oct. 16] From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Danger of Denmark being forced to compensate Germany in order to secure fuel oil for lights and water. 1051
7460 Oct. 17 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British authorization for passage of consignment of rye to Sweden. 1052
346 Oct. 17 [Rec’d Oct. 18 From the Minister in Norway (tel.) Interview with Foreign Minister on reduction of exports to Germany. 1052
172 Oct. 26 To the Minister in Norway (tel.) Advises noncommittal attitude while negotiations between W. T. B. and Norwegian commission are proceeding. 1053
367 Nov. 2 [Rec’d Nov. 3] From the Minister in Norway (tel.) Press criticism of Foreign Minister’s withholding U. S. note of July 24; his explanation. Propitious time for securing Norway’s cooperation in embargo. 1054
947 Nov. 3 [Rec’d Nov. 4] From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Swedish attitude toward America result of embargo. Impracticable to cut off all Swedish exports to Germany. 1055
Nov. 8 From the Secretary of the British Embassy Forwards substance of British telegrams offering further suggestions regarding trade agreement with Denmark. 1056

discussions in connection with the american mission to the inter-allied conference—negotiations with the danish and norwegian representatives at washington—the scandinavian conference, november 28–30

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
5754 Nov. 8 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): W. T. B. to McCormick Danish trade negotiations with W. T. B.: limit of exports to Central powers. 1057
5755 Nov. 8 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): W. T. B. to McCormick Attempted adjustment of trade negotiations with Norway. British agreement on Norwegian tonnage first necessity. Views requested. 1058
7654 Nov. 9 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): from McCormick Recommends immediate proposal to Norway concurrently with British and French in regard to trade restrictions. 1059
7659 Nov. 9 [Rec’d Nov. 10] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): McCormick to W. T. B. Urges, with British and French approval, delay in completing Danish trade negotiations until Norwegian agreement is closed. 1059
[Page XX]7670 Nov. 11 [Rec’d Nov. 12] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); to W. T. B. also Quotes instructions to be sent to British and French representatives in Norway regarding exports agreement. Identic U. S. instructions recommended. 1059
971 Nov. 10 [Rec’d Nov. 12] From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) New Foreign Minister outlines basis for agreement with Allies and suggests appointment of commission. Comments and recommendations. 1061
5792 Nov. 12 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): to McCormick Quotes W. T. B. regarding delay in trade negotiations with Norway and Denmark. Comments. 1063
1566 Nov. 13 From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Danish response to W. T. B. demands will be tempered by Italian defeat. Swedish King’s visit. 1064
Nov. 14 From the Special Representative of W. T. B.(tel.): to W. T. B. Recommendations regarding settlement of trade negotiations with northern neutrals and Switzerland. 1064
982 Nov. 14 From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Foreign Minister inquires when and where conference re trade agreement with Sweden will be held. 1065
5820 Nov. 15 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Jones to McCormick The President’s instructions regarding trade agreements with Norway and Denmark. 1065
Nov. 15 [Rec’d Nov. 16] From the Special Representatives of W. T. B. and of F. A. (tel.): to W. T. B. Danish negotiations: meat proposals will be acceptable to Allies, contingent on tonnage agreement. 1066
382 Nov. 16 From the Minister in Norway (tel.) Immediate negotiations with Norway advisable in view of coming Scandinavian Royal conference. 1066
Nov. 17 From the Special Representative of W. T. B.(tel); to W. T. B. also Danish agreement ready to close. Suggests holding Swedish and Dutch negotiations in Washington. 1067
5842 Nov. 17 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Jones to McCormick Quotes Nansen’s letter of Nov. 16 proposing that Norway reduce exports to the enemy in order to obtain needed supplies from the United States. 1068
7721 Nov. 17 [Rec’d Nov. 18] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): McCormick to W. T. B. Prohibition of all exports to Germany to be proposed. Nansen negotiations withheld from Norwegians by Foreign Minister. 1069
Nov. 18 The Special Representative to President Wilson (tel.) McCormick proposes to make speedy and safe agreement with Norway. Nansen and Foreign Minister believed not to represent Government or people. 1070
[Page XXI]386 Nov. 19 From the Minister in Norway (tel.) Scandinavian Royal conference: subjects to be discussed. 1070
414 Nov. 20 To the Minister in Sweden (tel.) No reason seen for transferring Swedish trade negotiations to London. 1071
390 Nov. 22 From the Minister in Norway (tel.) Denmark seeks to prevent establishment of Allied naval base in Norway. Germany may attempt similar base in Denmark. 1071
7768 Nov. 22 [Rec’d Nov. 23] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): McCormick to W. T. B. Allied concurrence in Nansen’s proposition, with certain changes. 1072
185 Nov. 24 To the Minister in Norway (tel.) The United States to continue Norway negotiations here conjointly with the Allies. 1073
5916 Nov. 27 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): to McCormick Quotes W. T. B. letter of Nov. 27 to Nansen offering revision of his proposed exports terms; to be repeated to Norway with instructions. 1073
5926 Nov. 28 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); to McCormick also Quotes W. T. B. letter of Nov. 27 to Danish Minister submitting certain proposals as bases for exports agreement; to be repeated to Denmark with instructions. 1074
Nov. —[Rec’d Nov.30] From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Expedient that negotiations with Sweden and Holland be carried on in London. Reasons. British policy. 1078
430 Dec. 3 To the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Negotiations for agreement with Sweden will be carried on in London with McCormick. 1080
5961 Dec. 5 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): W. T. B. to McCormick Proposes sending several cargoes of commodities to northern neutrals at Christmas time. 1080
7901 Dec. 7 [Rec’d Dec. 8] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Taylor to Jones Report on negotiations with northern neutrals. 1081
5993 Dec. 8 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): W. T. B. to Taylor Quotes Nansen’s note of Dec. 7: Norway accedes in part to U. S. trade proposals; stipulated reservations. 1081
413 Dec. 8 From the Minister in Norway (tel.) Recommends setting time limit for acceptance by Norway of proposals given Nansen. Influences causing delay. 1083
1681 Dec. 8 [Rec’d Dec. 9] From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Report on Scandinavian Royal conference. 1084
[Page XXII]

negotiations with swedish representatives at london: the question of purchase of iron ore—proposals for a temporary “modus vivendi” with sweden—announcement of christmas concessions to the neutrals—further negotiations with denmark and norway

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
[7946] Dec. 13 [Rec’d Dec. 14] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); to W. T. B. and W. I. B. also Proposes purchase by the Allies of Sweden’s iron ore. 1084
7952 Dec. 13 [Rec’d Dec. 14] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Conference of Allied and U. S. delegates with Swedish representatives. Stand taken by latter. 1085
7977 Dec. 14 [Rec’d Dec. 15] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Swedish delegates request modus vivendi effective at once. Subcommittees appointed to deal with all questions. 1086
6061 Dec. 19 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): from W. T. B. Use of Swedish ore in the United States impracticable. 1086
6082 Dec. 20 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Quotes W. T. B. note of Dec. 19 to Norwegian special mission in reply to trade proposals; to be repeated to Norway with instructions. 1087
8014 Dec. 20 [Rec’d Dec. 21] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Written statement of Sweden’s desires under proposed modus vivendi and of proposed tonnage arrangement in return. Embassy’s counter-proposals. 1091
8041 Dec. 21 [Rec’d Dec. 22] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Tentative proposal made to Sweden for disposal of iron ore. 1093
8043 Dec. 22 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Tonnage charter rates and war risk provision added to proposed Swedish modus vivendi; American delegates withhold consent. Instructions requested. 1094
8057 Dec. 23 [Rec’d Dec. 25] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Further insurance and other regulations proposed by subcommittee on tonnage in Swedish negotiations. Views requested. 1095
605 Dec. 5 [Rec’d Dec. 26] From the Minister in Norway Report on deliberations of Scandinavian Royal conference. Enclosure: official communiqué, Nov. 30. 1096
Dec. 22 [Rec’d Dec. 27] From the Danish Minister Denmark expresses thanks for proposed Christmas concessions. Enclosure: W. T. B. letter of Dec. 14 offering shipments, equivalent amount tonnage requested in return. 1100
Dec. 26 [Rec’d Dec. 27] From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Great Britain agrees to proposed Christmas gifts to Scandinavia. Suggestions. 1102
[Page XXIII]1743 Dec. 25, 26 [Rec’d Dec. 27, 28] From the Chargé in Denmark (tel.) Quotes Danish reply of Dec. 24 to W. T. B. letter: counter-proposal for imports from the United States, restrictions on Danish exports, and cession of Danish tonnage. 1102
8085 Dec. 28 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Great Britain approves Sweden proposals for a modus vivendi, with proper safeguards. Negotiations await U. S. decision. 1107
1759 Dec. 29 [Rec’d Dec. 30] From the Chargé in Denmark (tel.) Intractable spirit evidenced by Danish reply shows influence of German successes. Recommendations. 1108
440 Dec. 30 [Rec’d Dec. 31] From the Minister in Norway (tel.) Norway’s counter-proposals to W. T.’B. recommendations. 1110
8112 Dec. 31 [Rec’d Jan. 1, 1918] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Sheldon to W. T. B. Desirability of promptly reaching an agreement with Sweden. Instructions requested. 1111
8106 Dec. 31 [Rec’d Jan. 1, 19181 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); to W. T. B. also Summarizes Cecil’s views on W. T. B.’s latest counter-proposals to Norway. 1112
6165 Jan. 4, 1918 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): W. T. B. to Sheldon U. S. decision on proposed Swedish modus vivendi. 1113
Jan. 16, 1918 From the Shipping Board Representative on the W. T. B. Status of Christmas concessions to northern neutrals. Expressions of gratitude from Danish and Swedish representatives quoted. 1115

Negotiations with the Netherlands

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
918 Apr. 27, 1917 [Rec’d June 4] From the Chargé in the Netherlands Published account of President Wilson’s assurances regarding foodstuffs for the Netherlands. 1117
906 May 10 From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Uneasiness in the Netherlands over embargo notwithstanding assurances of President Wilson. 1117
May 11 [Rec’d May 12] From the British Ambassador Smuggling of foodstuffs from the Netherlands into Germany; American exports of oil to neutrals of benefit to Germany. 1118
May 29 From the British Embassy Temporary modus vivendi regarding Dutch shipping to help meet requirements of the Allies. 1119
[Page XXIV]6585 June 30 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): C. R. B. to Hoover Proposed pressure for allocation of Dutch tonnage to Commission for Relief in Belgium. 1120
1896 July 25 To the French Ambassador Conditions under which Dutch vessels will be allowed to leave U. S. ports. 1120
Aug. 8 From the British Embassy Transit of metals from Belgium to Germany across Dutch territory. 1121
Aug. 11 From the British Embassy Measures to provide supplies and transports for occupied territory. 1122
Aug. 14 [Rec’d Aug. 15] From the British Embassy British proposition for release of Dutch ships in American harbors on condition that certain portion of cargoes goes to Belgian Relief Committee. 1123
1207 Aug. 16 [Rec’d Aug. 17] From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Dutch special commission to the United States; its purposes. 1124
Aug. 29 [Rec’d Aug. 30] From the British Embassy Restriction of Dutch importation of margarine materials to prevent export to Germany. 1125
Aug. 30 [Rec’d Aug. 31] From the British Embassy Considerations influencing Great Britain in Netherland trade negotiations. Summary of suggested proposals. 1126
4189 Sept. 3 [Rec’d Sept. 4] From the Netherland Minister Information regarding arrival and personnel of Netherland commission. 1129
4197 Sept. 4 From the Netherland Legation Negotiations regarding Dutch grain ships lying in U. S. ports: correspondence with Food Administration quoted. 1129
4316 Sept. 10 From the Netherland Legation Offer of Dutch tonnage for Belgian Relief Committee dependent upon supplying of Dutch requirements. 1133
Sept. 11 To the Netherland Legation Dutch note regarding Dutch ships in U. S. ports submitted to Hoover. His reply. 1134
1457 Oct. 9 [Rec’d Oct. 10] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Dutch agitation over attitude of Exports Administrative Board toward Dutch tonnage. 1135
373 Oct. 8 [Rec’d Oct. 11] From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Facilities for Dutch commercial cables refused because British representations regarding transit of gravel across the Netherlands unheeded. 1135
726 Oct. 17 To the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Quotes memorandum of Oct. 12 from Exports Administrative Board to the Netherland commission on U. S. attitude toward trade with the Netherlands. 1136
4981 Oct. 15 From the Netherland Legation Netherland resentment against alleged U. S. discrimination and trade embargo. 1138
[Page XXV]1508 Oct. 18 [Rec’d Oct. 19] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) The gravel controversy with Great Britain; criticism of the United States because of embargo; economic conditions. 1140
Oct. 18 [Rec’d Oct. 19] From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Forwards copy of Embassy letter of Oct. 18 to McCormick on trade negotiations with the Netherlands; summary of conditions to be fulfilled. 1141
5538 Nov. 10 From the Netherland Minister Disappointment felt that Dutch special commission is unable to reach an understanding with W. T. B. 1143
1643 Nov. 16 [Rec’d Nov. 17] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Dutch-German agreement. 1145
5860 Nov. 20 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Instructions to House to discuss with British and French authorities the question of requisitioning Dutch ships. 1147
Oct. 16 [Rec’d Nov. 21] From the Consul at Amsterdam Reports sentiment in Holland changing from pro-Ally to pro-German. Reasons. 1147
7787 Nov. 23 [Rec’d Nov. 24] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Discussion in London of relations with the Netherlands; recommendations regarding requisition of Dutch ships. 1150
2899 Dec. 3 To the Ambassador in France (tel.): W. T. B. to McCormick Status of negotiations with northern neutrals. Instructions. 1151
811 Dec. 3 To the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Further negotiations for trade agreement with the Netherlands to be carried on in London. 1151
Dec. 6 From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Proposals for chartering Dutch and Swedish ships for carrying wheat; requisition, the alternative. 1151
5982 Dec. 7 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): W. T. B. to McCormick, Taylor, and Colby Suggests use of Dutch and Swedish ships while negotiations are in progress. 1153
1742 Undated [Rec’d Dec. 10] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Transit of sand and gravel through the Netherlands: British desire that the United States demand stoppage. Recommendations. 1153
836 Dec. 10 To the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) No reply to W. T. B. request for release of Dutch ships for South American and West Indian round trips. Opinion requested. 1154
1750 Dec. 11 [Rec’d Dec. 12] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) The Netherlands agrees conditionally to W. T. B. request for tonnage. 1155
7923 Dec. 11 [Rec’d Dec. 12] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Taylor to Jones Terms of Dutch offer of tonnage. 1155
[Page XXVI]7967 Dec. 14 [Rec’d Dec. 15] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Report of conference with Dutch representatives. Allied proposals. 1155
7990 Dec. 17 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); to W. T. B. also Allied approval of Dutch modus vivendi, ships to be returned to American ports after unloading. U. S. attitude requested. 1157
8039 Dec. 21 [Rec’d Dec. 22] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); to W. T. B. also Inquires progress made toward adoption of modus vivendi regarding Dutch shipping. 1157
6142 Dec. 29 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): W. T. B. to Sheldon Netherland proposal not accepted. Suggestion made for temporary settlement pending final agreement. 1158

Negotiations with Switzerland: Silk Agreement of August 9; General Agreement of December 5

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
824 Apr. 24 [Rec’d Apr. 25] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Reports Swiss anxiety and requests permission to give assurance that embargo measures are not directed against Switzerland. 1159
559 May 3 To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Instructions to allay public alarm relative to bill introduced in Congress for trade restriction. 1160
May 7 [Rec’d May 8] From the French Ambassador Suggests U. S. cooperation with Allies regarding exports to Switzerland. 1160
938 May 22 From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Commercial agreement between the Allies and Switzerland; its terms. 1161
2295 May 29 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) Instructions to have Embassy represented at Paris conference to discuss Italy’s silk export. British request of May 17 quoted. 1162
989 June 1 [Rec’d June 4] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Report on Swiss importations, exports to Germany, and smuggling. Suggestions. 1162
1860 June 7 To the French Ambassador Bill in Congress for complete Government control of U. S. exports. 1165
2160 June 5 [Rec’d June 7] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Report on silk conference: proposal for control of silk going to Germany for military purposes. 1166
1012 June 7 [Rec’d June 8] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Swiss mission to the united States: its personnel and object. 1167
482 June 19 To the Swiss Minister Assurances given regarding possible effect of the Espionage bill on supplies to Switzerland. 1168
June 19 [Rec’d June 23] From the French Ambassador U. S. cooperation urged for more effective restriction of Swiss exports to Central Empires. 1169
June 9 Agreement between the Associated Powers Relative to silks and silk goods. 1169
[Page XXVII]2456 July 17 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) Necessary sum set aside to cover expenses of silk conference proposals. 1170
July 16 [Rec’d July 18] From the French Ambassador No shipment to Switzerland of foodstuffs unless consigned to the Swiss Society of Surveillance. 1171
Aug. 8 From the British Ambassador The Allies would welcome any further curtailment of Swiss exports to the enemy. 1171
Aug. 9 Agreement between Switzerland and the Associated Powers Relative to silks and silk goods. 1172
Aug. 25 [Rec’d Aug. 29] From the French Ambassador; similar note from the Italian Ambassador Suggested restriction on export of machine tools to Switzerland. 1173
Sept. 4 [Rec’d Sept. 8] From the British Embassy British Government endorses position of French Government re restriction on export of machine tools to Switzerland. 1173n
950 Sept. 21 To the French Ambassador; mutatis mutandis, to the Italian Ambassador Quotes communication from Exports Administrative Board of Sept. 13 accepting principle suggested respecting control of export of machine tools to Switzerland. 1174
2523 Sept. 21 [Rec’d Sept. 22] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Silk agreement of Aug. 9 renounced by Switzerland; substitute of Sept. 4 submitted for approval. 1175
2550 Oct. 1 [Rec’d Oct. 2] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Silk agreement of Sept. 4 ratified by Switzerland. U. S. ratification desired. 1175
1075 Oct. 31 To the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Adjustment of interests with Switzerland promoted by Swiss commissioners in the United States. 1176
31 Nov. 6 To the Swiss Minister Arrangement for annual exportation of limited number horses to Switzerland. 1177
5812 Nov. 14 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): W. T. B. to McCormick Swiss trade agreement should be negotiated and concluded at Paris. 1177
Nov. 15 From the Special Representative of the W. T. B. (tel.): to W. T. B. Will attempt to close Swiss agreement at Paris. 1178
Nov. 22 [Rec’d Nov. 23] From the Swiss Minister Approval of proposed transfer to Paris of negotiations for agreement governing exports to Switzerland. 1178
2089 Nov. 22 [Rec’d Nov. 23] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Possibility of sudden attack on Switzerland by Germany in attempting to push forward into Italy. 1179
[Page XXVIII]2846 Nov. 23 To the Ambassador in France (tel.): to Auchincloss Views of Taylor and McCormick requested in regard to supplying wheat to Switzerland in emergency. 1180
3011 Nov. 24 [Rec’d Nov. 26] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Quotes Swiss President’s aide-mémoire of Nov. 23 appealing for wheat. Recommendations. 1180
2865 Nov. 27 To the Ambassador in France (tel.): Hoover to Taylor The United States can supply Switzerland with certain other grains, but not with wheat. 1182
2814 Nov. 28 [Rec’d Nov. 29] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): Taylor to Hoover Important to furnish Switzerland with some kind of grain until Argentine grain is available. 1182
2817 Nov. 28 [Rec’d Nov. 29] From the Special Representative of the W. T. B. (tel.) Conference planned for discussion of means to secure grain for Switzerland. 1182
25 Nov. 30 [Rec’d Dec. 1] From the Special Representative (tel.): Taylor to Hoover Reduction of cereal rations by Allies; grain requirements from the United States, Argentina, and India. 1183
Dec. 1 [Rec’d Dec. 3] From the Food Administrator Submits for approval proposed reply to Swiss Minister containing list of commodities for export to Switzerland. 1183
Dec. 3 To the Food Administrator Proposed reply to Swiss Minister approved. 1183n
Dec. 6 From the Food Administrator Instructing W. T. B. to release to Switzerland articles embodied in list attached to proposed reply to Swiss Minister. 1183n
Dec. 5 [Rec’d Dec. 6] From the Special Representative (tel.): McCormick to W. T. B. Swiss trade agreement signed. 1184
2934 Dec. 8 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) Will deposit U. S. quota for financing silk agreement of June 9 when Allies do likewise. 1184
Dec. 20 [Rec’d Dec. 21] From the Chairman of the W. T. B. Forwards text of agreement of Dec. 5 between the W. T. B. and Swiss Government in regard to exports from the United States to Switzerland. Annex: formal approval of French Government. 1185
1257 Dec. 21 To the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Authorizes cooperation in efforts of Allies to secure from Switzerland loans for their Governments. 1196
Dec. 21 [Rec’d Dec. 22] From the Swiss Minister Official notice of formal acceptance by Switzerland of agreement with W. T. B. 1197
Dec. 17 Protocol to Agreement of June 9 Plans to effect execution of agreement relative to silks and silk goods. 1197
4235 June 18, 1918 From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Information regarding adhesion of Governments signatory to protocol of Dec. 17. 1198n
[Page XXIX]

Negotiations with Spain: The Question of Purchases in Spain by the American Expeditionary Force

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
May 8, 1917 Department memorandum Explanation of U. S. exports policy in answer to Spanish inquiry. 1199
May 5 [Rec’d May 9] From the Head of the British Special Mission Difficulties with Spain in regard to export of iron ore to Great Britain. Cortina agreement. U. S. support requested. 1199
544 May 14 [Rec’d May 15] From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Minister of Hacienda inquires if the United States can supply Spain with coal. Suggested reply. 1202
481 May 22 To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Limited quantity of coal may be supplied Spain in return for iron ore delivered to Great Britain. 1202
572 May 25 [Rec’d May 26] From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Probability of agreement between Spain and Great Britain for exchange of iron for coal. Recommendations. 1203
4902 May 31 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Difficulty of securing Spanish pyrites on account of shortage of tonnage. 1203
June 21 From the Secretary of the British Embassy Suggestions regarding the pyrites situation. 1204
June 22 From the Secretary of the British Embassy Offer of assistance in securing necessary supply of pyrites from Spain. 1205
6678 July 7 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British efforts to facilitate U. S. purchases of Spanish pyrites. 1205
Aug. 10 From the Chairman of the Exports Administrative Board Attempt to secure equal tonnage of pyrites for return trip of ships supplying coal requested by Spain. 1205
5408 Sept. 10 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Urgent need of Spanish pyrites: domestic sulphur supplies insufficient. 1206
788 Sept. 15 [Rec’d Sept.16] From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Spanish request for U.S. credit of coal. Favorable consideration, on certain conditions, recommended. 1206
797 Sept. 21 [Rec’d Sept. 23] From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Certain concessions to Spain recommended in order to encourage liberal attitude toward the United States and cobelligerents. 1208
697 Oct. 5 To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Refuses to make concessions recommended. 1208
819 Oct. 8 From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Quotes British statement that withholding supplies from Spain may affect friendly position of present Government. 1209
Oct. 13 To the Spanish Ambassador Present policy not to allow exportation of petroleum to Spain; reasons. 1209
Oct. 12 [Rec’d Oct. 16] From the Acting Secretary of the Treasury Spanish demands for shipments of gold refused. 1209
Oct. 19 To the Spanish Ambassador Application granted for specific shipment of cotton to Spain. 1210
[Page XXX]840 Oct. 24 [Rec’d Oct. 25] From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Quotes note from Minister of State protesting against U. S. embargo on petroleum and refusal of licenses for certain sailing ships. 1210
Oct. 25 From the Spanish Ambassador Requests that prior arrangement be permitted for release of petroleum in exchange for pyrites. 1211
2722 Nov. 12 [Rec’d Nov. 14] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Embargo concessions to Spain to secure supplies for the U. S. Army in France. Dawes and Christie Quoted. 1212
2816 Nov. 15 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) Instructions to discuss with France subject of trade with Spain and to keep Willard informed. 1214
2843 Nov. 22 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) Embargo concessions to be made to Spain in exchange for supplies needed by U. S. Army in France. 1214
899 Nov. 28 [Rec’d Nov.29] From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Official interview on commercial relations; representations regarding Spanish attitude toward German activities in Spain and neighboring waters, etc. 1215
769 Dec. 1 To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Necessity for negotiations for agreement regarding exports to Spain. Release of limited amount of cotton suggested. 1216
910 Dec. 3 [Rec’d Dec. 4] From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Report on situation in regard to Spanish exports. 1216
Dec. 4 [Rec’d Dec. 5] From the Spanish Ambassador Quotes note from Minister of State suggesting reciprocal agreement between the United States and Spain regarding exports. 1217
913 Dec. 5 [Rec’d Dec. 61 From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Recommends that no permits to export cotton be granted until further exchange of views. 1217
923 Dec. 12 [Rec’d Dec. 13] From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Anglo-Spanish trade agreement effected. Certain shipments to Spain recommended. 1218
2902 Dec. 16 [Rec’d Dec. 17] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Proposed conference between U.S., French, and Spanish representatives to reach agreement relative to Allied purchases in Spain. 1218
Dec. 14 [Rec’d Dec. 17] From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Suggests that Spanish supply of oil be kept as low as possible without being cut off. 1219
2971 Dec. 21 To the Ambassador in France (tel.): to Dawes Inquires whether Spain has granted licenses for export of supplies. Quotes message to Willard regarding his recommendations re certain shipments to Spain. 1220
945 Dec. 23 [Rec’d Dec. 24] From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Explanation of Spanish situation and reasons for his recommendations. 1220
949 Dec. 24 [Rec’d Dec. 25] From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) The King desires arrangement under which commodity exchanges could be made. U. S. and French understanding on subject urged. 1222
[Page XXXI]950 Dec. 25 [Rec’d Dec. 26] From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) The United States should make with Spain reciprocal exchange of permits for exports and not lift embargo. 1223
802 Dec. 26 To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Authorization to make, with approval of French Ambassador, reciprocal exchange of export permits. 1223
2951 Dec. 26 [Rec’d Dec. 28] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): from Dawes Quotes Willard’s telegram, Dec. 20, on efforts to secure Spanish permits for exports to U. S. Army in France; names supplies purchased. 1223
806 Dec. 28 To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Dawes is requested to act with French representative in negotiations for Spanish exports. Instructions. 1224
961 Dec. 29 [Rec’d Dec. 30] From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Appointment of president of French delegation to Inter-Allied Bureau of Purchases in Spain. Suggests that he represent the United States. 1225
960 Dec. 29 [Rec’d Dec. 30] From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Requests authority to state that embargo will be enforced; exception, exchange of reciprocal permits. Suggests modus vivendi. 1225
811 Dec. 31 To the Ambassador in Spain Licenses will be issued to send 8,000 tons petroleum to Spain in Spanish shins. 1227
2973 Dec. 30 [Rec’d Jan. 1, 1918] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Quotes resolutions of Franco-American Bureau of Purchases in Spain. Representatives to be sent to Spain to confer with Willard. 1227
812 Jan. 2, 1918 To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Department’s views of various phases of Spanish situation. Instructions. 1228

Censorship of Wireless Telegraphy, Cables, and Mails

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
2585 Apr. 6, 1917 Executive order Taking over control of radio stations by the U. S. Government. 1230
5988 Apr. 13 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): from Bell Suggestions regarding establishment of postal and cable censorship. 1231
4710 Apr. 17 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): to Bell Hoping to establish cable and telegraph censorship. 1232
6059 Apr. 21 [Rec’d Apr. 22] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Resumption of British cable censorship between the North and South dependent upon establishment of U. S. censorship at Panama. 1233
2604 Apr. 28 Executive order U. S. censorship of submarine cables, telegraph and telephone lines. 1233
[Page XXXII]6138 May 2 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): from Bell Postal censorship should be under military, not postal authorities. 1234
4856 May 21 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Resumption of British cable censorship desirable. Request for conference on censorship. 1234
6407 June 8 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British censorship of cables between North and South America restored. Request for conference on censorship discussed. 1234
5051 June 27 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) U. S. consular mail censored in Great Britain. Inquires treatment accorded correspondence of Allied consuls. 1235
6561 June 28 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British position regarding censorship of consular mail. Suggestion. 1235
5087 July 3 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) U. S. censorship placed only on messages in transit through continental United States for transatlantic points. 1236
6663 July 6 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British cable censor to be placed at disposal of the United States as liaison officer. 1236
6732 July 13 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Departure of British cable censorship officials deferred pending U. S. approval of plan. 1237
5152 July 14 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Approves sending of British censorship officers to the United States. 1237
July 25 To the heads of diplomatic missions at Washington Restriction in dispatch of diplomatic mail to countries abroad. 1237
July 25 Regulations by Director of Naval Communications Cable censorship regulations No. 6 1238
5301 Aug. 15 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Naval cable censorship on messages over Atlantic cables to, from, or in transit through, the United States. 1241
5454 Sept. 20 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Suggests that Great Britain release Swedish diplomatic pouches held at Halifax. 1241
5533 Oct. 4 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British treatment of Swedish mail. 1242
2729–A Oct. 12 Executive order Establishment of a Censorship Board for censorship of mails, cables, radio, etc. 1242
5608 Oct. 17 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Representations to Great Britain regarding detention of Swedish mail. 1243
Oct. 23 Department memorandum Release of Swedish mail. 1243
[Page XXXIII] Oct. 24? Department memorandum Swedish Minister’s assurances regarding nature of correspondence in mail Douches. 1244
Nov. 9 To the Swedish Minister Disposal of certain letters found in Swedish diplomatic pouch. 1244

The Taking Over of German Merchant Ships in American Ports—Their Status in Foreign Courts

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
102574 Oct. 22, 1928 Assistant Commissioner of Customs to Deputy Commissioner of Accounts and Deposits of the Treasury Circular instructions issued by the Treasury Department in 1917 to collectors of customs, on taking over of German and Austrian ships. 1245
Apr. 17, 1917 To the British Embassy Requisition of German ships in U. S. ports for use during the war. 1246
Apr. 28 To the Attorney General Legal opinion on questions submitted regarding seizure and condemnation of refugee German merchantmen in U. S. ports. 1246
May 8 To the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Recovery of British cargoes on enemy ships seized by U. S. authorities. 1253
May 11 [Rec’d May 14] From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Release of neutral or Allied cargoes on board enemy shins seized in British ports. 1254
2619–A May 14 Executive order Taking over of German ships Odenwald and Praesident lying in San Juan Harbor. 1254
2621 May 16 Executive order Transfer to the United States of German ship Atlas at San Francisco for use in harbor patrol. 1255
2624 May 22 Executive order Requisition of certain German ships for service in the U. S. Navy. 1255
2625 May 22 Executive order Transfer of certain other German ships to the United States for use as colliers and carsro carriers. 1255
231 June 11 To the Swedish Minister Hungarian steamers Budapest and Morawitz not seized; taken possession of merely for preservation from injury. 1256
June 20 To the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Disposition of cargoes on German ships requisitioned by the United States. 1256
2651 June 30 Executive order Authorization for taking over by the United States of any enemy ship within its jurisdiction. List of ships requisitioned. 1257
[Page XXXIV] July 9 To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.) Inquires if former German ships used as U. S. merchantmen will be protected by Chilean Government. 1259
July 17 From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.) Chilean protection assured former German ships used as U. S. merchantmen. 1260
Sept. 6 From the Swiss Minister Transmits copy of German note of July 29 to Swiss Legation at Berlin inquiring U. S. intention regarding ownership of seized ships and regarding compensation. 1260
Oct. 6 To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.) Desires that Chile make formal agreement to recognize as U. S. public vessels U. S. merchant ships formerly German owned. 1261
Oct. 11 From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.) Quotes Chilean note of Oct. 10 guaranteeing protection in Chile an waters of U. S. merchant ships formerly German owned. 1262

PART III: NEUTRAL DUTIES

The Maintenance of Neutrality in the Panama Canal Zone: Regulations Applying to Warships and Merchant Ships

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
1371 May 23 Proclamation Rules and regulations for management and protection of the Panama Canal and for maintenance of its neutrality. 1265
June 5 From the British Embassy British request for dry-dock facilities and supplies at Balboa for British Pacific Squadron. 1268
1496 July 31 [Rec’d Aug. 10] From the Minister in Panama Transmits Panaman note of July 31 on British request that British warships be allowed longer stay at Taboga Island than 24-hour limitation. Comments. 1268
Aug. 13 From the British Embassy Requests transit facilities in transport of Australasian troops through the Panama Canal. 1269
Aug. 15 To the British Embassy Request for transit and harbor facilities in Canal Zone will be complied with according to proclamation of May 23, 1917. 1270
Aug. 22 From the British Embassy Request for hospital accommodation at Panama for invalids on Australasian transports. 1272
Aug. 29 Department memorandum British Embassy orally informed 1 that question of hospital accommodation at Panama is to be left to the requirements of each shipload. 1272n
[Page XXXV] Oct. 15 Assistant Director of Bureau of Exports of W. T. B. to Shipping Board Representative No export licenses required for transit of cargoes and shipments through the Canal. Bunkering allowed all vessels. 1272
Nov. 3 To the Counselor for the W. T. B. Licensing of ships merely passing through the Canal would be inconsistent with neutralized status of the Isthmus. 1273
Nov. 9 Bureau of Transportation of W. T. B. to Washington Office of Panama Canal Instructions regarding passage of ships through the Canal pending adoption of new regulations by W. T. B. 1273
444 Nov. 19 To the Minister in Panama No objection to British warships remaining at Taboga Island longer than 24-hour limitation. 1274
1697 Nov. 28 [Rec’d Dec. 15] From the Minister in Panama Consent, informally given, for British warships to remain in vicinity of Taboga Island longer than 24 hours. Enclosure: copy of British note of Oct. 9 to Panaman Foreign Secretary. 1275
457 Dec. 22 To the Minister in Panama Approval of action taken regarding British warships at Taboga Island. 1276
1718 Dec. 17 [Rec’d Jan. 9, 1918] From the Minister in Panama Panama’s verbal consent for British warships to remain off Taboga Island more than 24 hours. 1277
Dec. 18, 1917 Acting Governor of Panama Canal to Bureau of Exports of W. T. B. Policy for control of exports in Canal Zone. Enclosures: the Governor’s circulars of Nov. 28 and Dec. 12. 1277
Jan. 11, 1918 Bureau of Transportation of W. T. B. to Washington Office of Panama Canal Special war-time instructions applying to certain ships passing through the Canal. 1281

The Treatment of Armed Merchant Ships in Neutral Ports

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
May 5, 1917 From the Secretary of War Proposes that U. S. ships supplying Panama bring back nitrates from Chile. Question of risk of internment in neutral ports. 1283
May 14 To the Secretary of War Opinion that unarmed merchant ships in neutral ports are not subject to internment. 1283
May 16 From the Secretary of War Proposed extension of Panama Railroad Steamship Line to neutral ports; inquiry regarding attitude of neutrals. 1284
[Page XXXVI] May 18 To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.) Instructions to ascertain attitude of Chile toward certain U. S. ships calling at Chilean ports for nitrates. 1285
May 19 From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.) Chilean assurances that arrangement for transporting nitrates is satisfactory. 1285
May 24 To the Ambassador in Chile (tel.) Inquires Chile’s attitude toward certain U. S. vessels, armed for protection against submarines, calling for nitrates. 1285
May 24 To the Minister in Peru (tel.); mutatis mutandis, to the Chargé in Colombia Instructions to ascertain Peru’s attitude toward certain U. S. ships used as merchantmen calling at Peruvian ports. 1286
May 28 From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.) Defensively armed merchant ships will be treated as such by Chile under certain conditions. 1286
May 29 From the Minister in Peru (tel.) Quotes Peruvian note giving assurance that certain U. S. ships used as merchantmen will be considered as such by Peru. 1286
May 29 [Rec’d May 30] From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.) Colombia gives permission for certain U. S. ships to call at its ports as armed merchantmen. 1287
Oct. 9 To diplomatic officers in certain South American countries (tel.) Inquires restrictions within ports of country to Which accredited on armed U. S. merchantmen engaged in commerce. 1287
Oct. 10 From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.) Conditions under which armed merchant ships will be treated as such in Chilean ports. 1287
Oct. 11 From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.) Argentina’s proposed reply if formal inquiry is made regarding restrictions on U, S. armed merchant ships entering Argentine ports. 1288
Oct. 11 From the Chargé in Paraguay (tel.) No restrictions on entrance to Paraguayan ports of armed U. S. merchant ships engaged in commerce. 1288
Oct. 12 [Rec’d Oct. 13] From the Chargé in Colombia (tel.) Armed U. S. merchant ships engaged in commerce would be regarded as ordinary merchantmen in Colombian ports. 1288
Oct. 15 From the Minister in Peru (tel.) Foreign Minister states that U. S. ships of every class may enter Peruvian ports without restriction. 1289
Oct. 17 [Rec’d Oct. 18] From the Minister in Venezuela (tel.) Venezuela freely admits armed merchantmen to its ports. 1289
Oct. 19 [Rec’d Oct. 20] From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.) No restrictions imposed by Ecuador upon armed U. S. merchantmen. 1289
[Page XXXVII]

The Treatment of Belligerent Submarines in Neutral Ports—Suggested Internment of Crews of Refugee Merchant Ships

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
June 12 [Rec’d June 13] From the Consul at Seville (tel.) Suggested that Allied Ambassadors request Spain to intern German submarine UC–52. 1289
529 June 14 To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Instructions to inquire of Spain what treatment will be accorded the UC–52 at Cadiz. 1290
631 June 22 [Rec’d June 23] From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Spain’s treatment of German submarine at Cadiz. 1290
638 June 26 [Rec’d June 27] From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Informed that the UC–52, after completion of repairs, will be released from Spanish port under German guaranty. 1291
645 June 29 From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) The UC–52 has left Cadiz. 1291
648 June 29 [Rec’d June 30] From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Quotes Royal decree prohibiting belligerent submarines within Spanish waters. 1292
566 July 2 To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Neutral merchantmen reported destroyed by German submarines in Spanish waters. Instructions to inquire what protective measures will be taken. 1292
668 July 8 [Rec’d July 9] From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Quotes note from Minister of State on violation of Spanish territorial waters by German submarines 1292
714 July 31 [Rec’d Aug. 1] From the Ambassador in Spain German submarine B–23 ordered interned at Ferrol. 1293
626 Aug. 1 To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Cites cases of Norwegian steamers sunk by submarines within Spanish territorial waters. Requests Spanish investigation. 1293
402 Aug. 28 Spanish Minister of State to the American Ambassador Denies that Norwegian ships were sunk within Spanish territorial waters. 1294
Sept. 17 From the Consul at Seville (tel.) Reports that German submarine U–293 at Cadiz will be interned. 1294
815 Oct. 6 [Rec’d Oct. 7] From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Escape of German submarine interned at Cadiz. 1295
818 Oct. 8 [Rec’d Oct. 9] From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Information regarding escape of the U–293. British and Italian representations to Spain. 1295
704 Oct. 9 To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Instructions to express to Foreign Minister U. S. regret at escape of German submarine from Cadiz. 1295
836 Oct. 22 [Rec’d Oct. 23] From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Spanish surveillance over interned German submarine B–23. 1296
Oct. 25 From the British Embassy Suggested cooperation between Allied representatives in neutral countries to prevent use of territorial waters by submarines. 1296
[Page XXXVIII]852 Oct. 27 From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) France requests internment of crews of German merchant ships in Spanish ports on ground that they aid submarines. 1296
Nov. 5 From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.) Inquires attitude to be taken toward conference of Entente representatives on treatment Argentina should accord submarines. 1297
Nov. 6 To the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.) Instructions to express no opinion and attend no conference on Argentine treatment of submarines. 1297
879 Nov. 13 [Rec’d Nov. 14] From the Chargé in Spain (tel.) Representatives of Associated Powers discuss advisability of urging Spain to intern crews of German merchant ships. 1297
755 Nov. 19 To the Chargé in Spain (tel.) Permission to join Allied representatives in urging Spain to intern German crews in Spanish ports. 1298
109–A Nov. 21 The American Chargé to the Spanish Minister of State Representations regarding assistance given submarines by German merchant ships in Spanish ports. Internment of crews requested. 1299
1221 Dec. 24 [Rec’d Dec. 25] From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Quotes British recommendations for Allied representations to prevent use of neutral waters by the enemy. 1299
471 Dec. 29 To the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Disapproves suggested representations regarding submarines except where neutrality is violated, when Department should be notified. 1300