Mr. Runyon to Mr. Gresham .

No. 248.]

Sir: Referring to my dispatch No. 248,1 of October 31 last, I have the honor to inclose herewith a copy, with translation, of a note to-day received from the imperial foreign office, in the case of Frederick Sauer, a naturalized American citizen, and to be, etc.

Theodore Runyon
[Page 527]
[Inclosure in No. 248.—Translation.]

Baron Holstein to Mr. Runyon .

The undersigned, in reply to the note of September 25 last (F. O., No. 140), relating to the arrest of the American citizen, Frederick Sauer, has the honor to inform his excellency, the ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary of the United States of America, Mr. Theodore Runyon, as follows:

Frederick Sauer, born March 12, 1862, at Oberseebach, was sentenced by the landgericht, at Strassburg, on February 20, 1884, for evasion of military duty, to pay a fine of 600 marks, or in default thereof to be imprisoned for forty days, and also to pay the costs of the proceedings, amounting to 75.15 marks. He had emigrated in 1880 with his parents to America, where he later became a resident and where he acquired American citizenship on March 28, 1885. In August, 1894, he returned on a visit to his native place. There, on the strength of the existing warrant, he was arrested, but was, however, set at liberty after four days, after the amount of 600 marks had been paid by his relatives. Of this amount the sum of 540 marks is to be considered as on account of that part of the fine which had not been worked off by the imprisonment, and the remainder as costs.

Sauer has, according to section 21 of the law of June 1, 1870, lost his German nationality since March 12, 1893. Before his emigration he had, in March, 1878, received a shot wound in the upper part of the right thigh. The physician who treated him certified at that time that no permanent injury would be left. Nevertheless, as a matter of fact, as the gendarme observed at the time of the arrest, Sauer still drags one foot, which probably is a consequence of his former injury.

The imperial “Statthalter” of Alsace, Lorraine, in consequence of this, has considered Sauer’s statement that he had thought himself unfit for military service as not entirely unworthy of confidence, and has, therefore, although the emigration took place only a short time before his reaching the age for military duty, given on the 18th ultimo a partial pardon, to the extent that the remainder of the costs are to be remitted, and that the amount of 300 marks of the sum considered as fine is to be returned.

While the undersigned returns the inclosure in the note, he avails himself, etc.

  1. Not printed.