Mr. Ewing to Mr. Gresham.

No. 99.]

Sir: Referring to my dispatch No. 62,1 in which I communicated the request of the King of the Belgians that the President of the United States would consent to act as mediator in the settlement of certain questions of boundary affecting the independent State of the Congo, [Page 38]I have the honor to say that those questions were amicably settled between the Congo and the French Republic by the arrangement of the 14th of August, 1894.

I transmit herewith the translation of a communication which I have just received from the independent State of the Congo, by which its territory is specifically bounded and described.

I have, etc.,

Jas. S. Ewing
.
[Inclosure in No. 99.—Translation.]

Mr. Eetvelde to Mr. Ewing.

Mr. Minister: I have the honor to bring to the knowledge of your excellency that the condition of neutrality which was the object of the declaration notified to the powers by the independent State of the Congo on the 1st day of August, 1885, will be applied henceforth to the territory of the State bounded as follows, in consequence of the protocol of the 29th day of April, 1887, and of the arrangement of the 14th day of August, 1894, concluded with the French Republic, of the conventions concluded the 25th day of May, 1891, and of the declarations signed the 24th day of March, 1894, with the Government of His Very Faithful Majesty, and of the arrangement concluded on the 12th day of May, 1894, with the British Government:

On the north.

A straight line 950 meters long, beginning at a point on the beach of the Atlantic Ocean 300 meters to the north of the principal house of the Dutch factory of Lunga, the latitude of this point being 5° 47ʹ 14.31ʺ south, and joining in the direction southeast the mouth of the small river of Lunga, which empties into the lagoon of the same name; the course of the small river of Lunga to the pool of Mallongo, the villages of Congo, N’Conde, Tema, etc., remaining to the Independent State of the Congo, those Cabo-Lombo, McVenho Tabe, Ganzy, Taly, Spita-Gagandjime, N’Goio, M’To, Fortalisa, Sokki, etc., to Portugal; the course of the rivers Venzo and Lulofe to the source of the latter on the watershed of the mountain Nime-Tchiama, the geographical coordinates of this source being latitude south 5° 44ʹ 19.60ʺ, longitude east of Greenwich 12° 17ʹ 25.28ʺ; the parallel of the source to its intersection with the meridian of the confluence of the Lueulla and of the river called by some N’Zanze, and by others Culla-Calla, the coordinates of this confluence being latitude south 5° 10ʹ 49.30ʺ, longitude east of Greenwich 12° 32ʹ 6.60ʺ; the meridian thus determined, to its junction with the river Lueulla; the course of the Lueulla to its confluence with the Chiloanga (Loango-Luce); the river Chiloanga from the mouth of the Lueulla to its most northern source; the dividing crest of the waters of the Niadi-Knilon and of the Congo to beyond the meridian of Manyanga; a line to be determined and which, following as much as possible a natural division of the land, shall terminate between the station of Manyanga and the cataract of Ntombo-Mataka, in a point situated on the navigable part of the river;1 the Congo to Stanley-Pool; [Page 39]the mediate line of Stanley-Pool; the Congo to the confluence of the Oubanghi; the thalweg of the Oubanghi to the confluence of the M’Bomon and of the Ouelle; the thalweg of the M’Bomon to its source; a straight line intersecting the crest of the watershed between the basins of the Congo and of the Nile.1

On the northeast.

The crest of the watershed between the waters of the Nile and of the Congo to its intersection with the thirtieth meridian east of Greenwich (27° 40ʹ Paris); the prolongation of the same crest to its second intersection with the above-named thirtieth meridian east of Greenwich.

On the east.

The thirtieth degree of longitude east of Greenwich to latitude 1° 20ʹ south; a straight line from the intersection of the thirtieth degree of east longitude with the parallel of 1° 20ʹ of south latitude to the northern extremity of Lake Tanganika; the mediate line of Lake Tanganika; a line extending directly from the extremity of Cape Akaluga, on Lake Tanganika, situated at the most northern point of Camarons Bay, in about latitude 8° 15ʹ south, to the right-hand shore of the river Luapula, at the point where this river leaves Lake Moero; from this point a line extending directly to the mouth of the Luapula River in Lake Moero, this line, however, deviating toward the south of the lake so as to leave the island of Kilura to Great Britain; the thalweg of the Luapula to the point where this river leaves Lake Bangwelo; the meridian of longitude, in a southern direction, passing through this point to the crest of the watershed between the Congo and the Zambesi.

On the south.

The crest of the watershed of the Congo and of the Zambesi to the source of that one of the affluents of the Kassai which takes its rise in Lake Dilolo; the course of this affluent from its source to its mouth; the thalweg of the Kassai to the parallel of 7° 17ʹ south latitude; the parallel of 7° 17ʹ south latitude to its intersection with the thalweg of the Chikapa; the thalweg of the Chikapa River to its intersection with the parallel of 6° 45ʹ south latitude; the parallel of 6° 45ʹ south latitude to its intersection with the thalweg of the Lovna; the thalweg of the Lovna to its intersection with the seventh degree of south latitude; [Page 40]the seventh degree of south latitude to its intersection with the thalweg of the Loanque; the thalweg of the Loanque to the confluence of the Kangulungu or Kame-Bomba with the Loanque; the thalweg of the Kangulungu to its intersection with the parallel of the confluence of the Kwilu and of the Luita (7° 34ʹ south latitude, approximately); this parallel to the confluence of the Kwilu and of the Luita; the thalweg of the Luita from the junction of its waters with the Kwilu to the eighth degree of south latitude; the eighth degree of south latitude to its intersection with the thalweg of the Kwengo; the thalweg of the Kwengo to its intersection with the parallel of 7° 55ʹ south latitude; the parallel of 7° 55ʹ south latitude to the thalweg of the Lucaia; the thalweg of the Lucaia to the eighth degree of south latitude; the eighth degree of south latitude to the thalweg of the Kamanguna, the river by which the waters of the river Lue enter into the N’Kombo; the thalweg of the Kamanguna and of the N’Kombo to its junction with the Uovo; the thalweg of the Uovo to its outlet in the Wamba; the thalweg of the Wamba from the mouth of the Uovo to its intersection with the parallel of the point of junction between the Komba and of the Lola (8ʹ west of the Wamba and 8° 5ʹ 40ʺ of south latitude, approximately); the thalweg of the canal by which flow the waters of the Lola to its intersection with the thalweg of the Tungila; the thalweg of the Tungila to its mouth on the Kwango (8° 7ʹ 40ʺ south latitude, approximately); the thalweg of the Kwango to its intersection with the parallel passing through the residence of Noki; the parallel passing through the residence of Noki (latitude south 5° 52ʹ 10.14ʺ, longitude agreed upon east of Greenwich 13° 28ʹ 25.25ʺ), from the Kwango to a point taken on this parallel 2,000 meters east of the left shore of the Congo; a straight line joining this last point to the point of intersection of the left bank of the Congo with the parallel passing 100 meters north of the principal house of the factory of Domingos de Lonza at Noki; this parallel to its intersection with the mean line of the channel of navigation generally followed by vessels of great draft; this mean line to the mouth of the Congo River, a line which at present leaves to the right and comprised between this line and the right shore of the river, especially and among others, the river islands named Bulambemba Mateba and Princes Island, and to the left and comprised between this line and the left shore of the river, especially and among others, the river islands known under the names of Bulicoco and the islands of Sacran Ambaca.

On the west.

The Atlantic Ocean from the point of termination in the sea of the mean line above described and the point situated 300 meters north of the principal house of the Dutch factory of Lunga.

I seize, etc.,

Edmund van Eetvelde
.
  1. Not printed.
  2. This line has been partially determined as follows: The bottom of the ravine whose communication with the Congo is situated about 440 meters and to the south 43° east with respect to the flagstaff of the post of the Independent State of the Congo at Manyanga; the prolongation of this ravine to its junction with the road from the post of Manyanga to the village of Nsonso; this road to its intersection with the Loufon; the Loufon descending the course of the river for a distance of about 400 meters; a line extending toward the north, leaving to the west the villages of Nsonso and intersecting the road of Manyanga; this road to its intersection with the first affluent of the river Ntimbo; this stream to its confluence with the said river Ntimbo; this river to its most western source; a sinuous line extending toward the north to the edge of the plateau of Kanyanga, and thence following the crest of a watershed to its junction with the basin of the Louaia to the north and west of the village of Koumbi; a line running to the bend of Louaia, near the village of Kilaunbon; the river Louaia to the village of Kaonga; the line thus determined leaves to the west—that is to say, on the territory of the Independent State of the Congo—the villages of Nsonso, Massangui, Nsanga, Kinkendo, and Kintombo; and to the east—that is to say, on the territory of France—the group of Ntombo, the village of Nsome, the market of Manyanga, the villages of Kinsonia, Bondo, Konyonga, the market of Konso, the villages of M’Cango, Banza-Baka, Kiloumbon, and Kaanga.
  3. The terms “M’Bomon” and “Sources of the M’Bomon” refer to the indications contained in the map Yunker (Gotha, Justus, Perthes, 1888).