No. 245.

Mr. Foulk to Mr. Bayard .

No. 207.]

Sir: I have this day received a communication from the president of the office for foreign affairs of Corea, informing me that in view of the recent withdrawal of the Chinese and Japanese troops from Corea, the Corean Government would at once station a guard of ten Corean soldiers at each of the foreign legations. In case of serious disturbances in the city, or whenever it shall become necessary, an additional force of forty men may be immediately summoned to each legation.

These soldiers are to act as gate guards, and do general police duty about the legation. I inclose herewith a translation of a memorandum of rules to be observed by the soldiers, &c.

A formal application for protection of their legations was made by the German, English, and Chinese representatives. Though I was invited to do this, I declined. For some time past, by the direction of His Majesty, a number of soldiers have been stationed near this legation for its protection; furthermore I deemed it best that, if necessary, the protection should be given voluntarily by the Corean Government.

In reply to the communication of the president of the foreign office, I have thanked him on behalf of our Government for the steps taken for the protection of the legation, as having voluntarily come from his Government.

I am, &c.,

Ensign, U. S. Navy, Chargé d’Affaires ad interim.
[Inclosure in No. 207.—Translation.]

memorandum of rules.

The soldiers of China heretofore stationed in Seoul for defense, and the soldiers of Japan heretofore stationed in Seoul as a guard to the Japanese legation, having returned in conformity to the treaty made at Peking, from this date (July 26), for the protection of the foreign legations, the following arrangement; is prepared by the foreign office of Corea:

For ordinary service at each legation will be stationed ten soldiers, including one chief; these form gate guards.

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Should occasion call for it forty other soldiers, including one captain, will be sent to afford further protection. The foreign office has ordered the several yongmun (headquarters of troops), and they will dispatch soldiers as required upon orders sealed at the foreign office immediately.

While these soldiers are at the foreign legations they will use all their strength and vigilance to protect them. The chief soldier, being in charge of nine men, will be reported to the foreign office, who will forward this report to the yongmun, with a request for his punishment if his men are careless and inattentive, or difficulty arises due to them, and if he is proved to have knowingly permitted these he will be severely punished.

The soldiers may not without permission leave the legation. If they wish to go out for a little, as to purchase things, the chief will note when they leave, and if they remain absent too long he will punish them. If a soldier becomes ill, or wishes to get married, or he must bury dead relatives, or if in case of sickness of his father, mother, wife, or child there be no one else to care for them, or if any other such great occasion happens, he may report to the yongmun, or the foreign representative, who will notify the foreign office and it will provide a relief for him.

These protecting soldiers have always received monthly wages, and while they are at the foreign legations they must provide their own food, fuel, and water.