No. 94.
Mr. Wing to Mr. Fish.

No. 309.]

Sir: Referring to my dispatch No. 175,1 have the honor to submit the information contained in the clipping (1) from a late Panama Star [Page 239] and Herald, as confirmatory to some extent of the opinions therein contained.

The Indian question seems to be a difficult one, even in our own powerful and populous country.

I believe that it is eventually destined to become one of much graver import to the comparatively weak republics of South America.

I have, &c.,

[Inclosure 1.]

Alliance between the Araucanian and Pampas Indians.

(From “Panama Star and Herald,” of April 26, 1873.)

The Argentine consul in Chili has notified his government that he had received telegrams announcing that a commission of the Indians of the Pampas had gone to solicit an alliance with the Araucanian Indians, in view of carrying into effect a vast plan of invasion on the frontiers of the Argentine Republic. The governor of Mendoza confirms the rumor, and states that the alliance had been entered into and signed by the principal caciques of large tribes at the town of Mercedes, in the province of San Luis. The telegram, dated from the Villa de Mercedes on the 12th ultimo, says that the governor of Mendoza had been advised that caciques from the Pampas had gone to Chili to give invitations for a great invasion. As to the other tribes concerned in this project, the Argentine minister in Chili had transmitted information to say that the Indian Hemeque, the cacique of a horde of savages of the Argentine Pampas, was ready with Quilapan and Quilameque, and that several palavers had taken place between them. The object of the visit of the transandine Indians was to obtain from the two above-mentioned caciques all the lances they could spare to go to the other side (Argentine Republic) and aid them in making an attack on the national army, which had routed the Indian forces of the cacique Calfucura, the brother of Hemeque. Quilapan and Quilameque, and other transandine tribes, had entered into the plan with enthusiasm, but on two indispensable conditions: first, a month in which to make preparations and get in their crops; the second, that, on defeating the Argentine army, Hemeque and his brother Calfucura should bind themselves to come over and assist the Araucos, the Malleco, the frontier line of Chili. The force which the Chilian caciques can raise is calculated at more than 3,000 lances. Other notices were received in Junin from the commandante of the north and west of Buenos Ayres and south of Santa Fé, at the date of the 11th ultimo, that the large Indian tribe of Salinas Grandes were also in movement, with all the appearances of preparing for some strong invasion.