No. 274.
Mr. Bliss to Mr. Fish.

No. 685.]

Sir: I inclose herewith a printed copy and translation (A and B) of the address of congratulation, made on the 2d instant in behalf of the diplomatic corps, by the Spanish minister, Mr. Herreros de Tejada, on occasion of the inauguration of Mr. Lerdo, and of the reply of the President to the same.

I am, &c.,

[Inclosure B.—Translation.]

congratulations of the diplomatic corps to the president of mexico.

The diplomatic corps presented itself yesterday at 1 p.m. to congratulate Mr. Lerdo. The minister of Spain, in the name of his companions, said:

Excellent Sir: The foreign diplomatic corps, that united with your excellency a few months ago in lamenting the affecting loss of the eminent republican who was suddenly snatched from among his fellow-citizens, and who left as a precious legacy the tranquil exercise of the law, comes to-day to congratulate you on the honorable testimony of esteem and confidence which you have just received from the Mexican people, elevating you more than by election, by acclamation, to the supreme post that you occupied yesterday, by the creditable and serene ministry of the constitution.

The country is confident that, by the impulse of your enlightened and discreet administration, and by the peace that happily is commencing, it will rise from its present prostration; and the diplomatic corps, fervently and sincerely desiring the realization of the sanguine hopes entertained by the country, complies now with the duty of friendship, by expressing its hearty and loyal desires that the United States of Mexico, entering into the harmonious intercourse with all nationalities, may win among them the rank, the respect, and the consideration to which it has a right, as a free people, a people of culture, and on account of its abundant although unexplored elements, and the hospitable character of its sons; that by this means and the blessings of peace, and the guarantees offered by the administration of justice, the republic may find a natural reciprocalness of interests in emigration, and the aid that foreign capital can lend to the development of the national industries.

A manifestation so much the more proper and sincere on our part when, perhaps at this moment, the Mexican people, through their legitimate representatives in the Congress of the union, respond to the initiative of your government to authorize the executive power, in order to duly correspond to friendly nations, to appoint diplomatic representatives near those governments that have them accredited to this; which act, being ostensibly a proof of a cordial understanding and reciprocal friendship, will necessarily influence efficaciously in the realization of the desires for the prosperity of Mexico, and the consolidation of the interests of all the peoples already expressed.

Your advent to the first magistracy of the nation has been, excellent sir, the inauguration of an era of peace; the country designates you-not only as the personification of its hopes, but as a symbol of its future welfare. May God, who has protected with his favor your provisional steps to power, illuminate your privileged intellect and assist your efforts, that, utilizing the blessings of labor that will be obtained by peace, and the observance of the laws that protect and guarantee it, and securing friendly relations and social fraternity at home and abroad, necessary to the life of civilized peoples, you may give assured independence, and that prosperity and aggrandizement to which your beautiful country legitimately aspires.

reply of president lerdo.

Gentlemen: With true esteem and sincere gratitude I receive the expression of the benevolent sentiments that the diplomatic corps has been pleased to manifest to me. [Page 639] The vote of my fellow-citizens honors me excessively; but also imposes on me sacred duties. One of the most interesting, and one that will be pleasant to fulfill, is the maintenance of the friendly relations which unite the republic of Mexico with those foreign nations which you so worthily represent; because, in effect, it is of great interest among nations to live not only in harmony, but in friendly union, for the object of aiding in the great work of extending the limits of civilization.

The initiative that the government has sent to the national Congress to establish legations in Spain, in the German Empire, and in Guatemala, will prove to you its desire to strengthen the relations, by means of Mexican representatives, who will take to those governments the sincere expression of the sentiments that animate the people of Mexico.

One of the principal duties of the government is to develop the great material and moral elements inclosed within the republic; and I will comply with it with the more zeal when the objects to which it leads are not only of notorious interest to internal improvement, but of great importance in cultivating foreign relations and in the encouragement of emigration.

I beg you again, Messrs. Ministers, to accept my just acknowledgment, which is the more sincere when in the fulfillment of your high duties you have shown yourselves personally animated toward the government of the republic by the most cordial sentiments, which, without any doubt whatever, are reciprocated by the society of Mexico.