Mr. Romero to Mr. Seward

Mr. Secretary: I have the honor of transmitting to you, for the information of the government of the United States, the copy of a note of General [Page 105] Alejandro Garcia, second in command of the eastern line, to the minister of foreign affairs and government of the Mexican republic, containing the circular to the governors and military commanders of the States composing that line, showing his favorable opinion of the legality and expediency of the two decrees issued by the President on the 8th of November last, one prolonging the presidential term till a new popular election can take place, and the other ordering the trial of General Gonzales Ortega, for reason mentioned in the decree.

In this circular General Garcia not only expresses his own opinion, but that of the governors and commanders on the eastern line, comprising the States of Vera Cruz, Puebla, Tlaxcala, Oaxaca, Tabasco, and Chiapas, and requested them to take the vote of their people on the subject of the decrees before mentioned.

The general says he has already received many acts of the majority of the people adhering unanimously to the President and completely approving his decrees, and he has no doubt but the same sentiment prevails among the rest of the people who have not called meetings and passed resolutions. He adds that the documents are very voluminous, and he will send them to the department as soon as they are published.

I avail myself of the occasion to renew to you, Mr. Secretary, the assurances of my most distinguished consideration.


Hon. William H. Seward, &c., &c., &c.



Citizen Minister: On the 1st instant I addressed the following circular to the governors and military commanders of the States on the eastern line:


A grave question has arisen in the country, and has even extended beyond it.

Citizen Benito Juarez, as constitutional President of the republic, on the 8th of November last, prolonged his powers as such, as you will see from the decree printed in No. 29 of the official bulletin of these headquarters, of the present date, which I send to you.

It is assured that General Jesus Gonzales Ortega protested against that decree in the United States, as president of the supreme court of justice, which title is denied to him by citizen Juarez, for reasons you will see in the decree of the same date published in the official bulletin.

The exceptional condition in which the nation has been placed by this foreign war has prevented, and still prevents, the exercise of the chief act of sovereignty, namely, the voting of the free Mexican citizens for the choice of a supreme constitutional magistrate to direct its destinies; and although these headquarters have formed their opinion in the case in favor of the existing order, because it admits the rights of citizen Benito Juarez to hold his position by former election, which has always been the regulating rule for authorities in our general legislation, yet we desire to know the general opinion of the eastern line in a matter of so much importance, and direct you to find out the sentiments of all the Mexicans in your district upon the subject in the most convenient manner, and let us know if they agree in opinion with these headquarters, for my information and consequent action.

I have the honor to transmit you this for the information of the supreme government, expressing the opinion that, judging from the unanimous vote of a great portion of the people that have sent their acts to these headquarters, and by the knowledge I have of the line under my command, I can assure you the people’s will is that citizen Benito Juarez, now President, shall retain the supreme magistracy of the republic till the present war permits a constitutional election of a proper person to succeed him in office.

The letters already received on that subject are too voluminous to be sent with this despatch. For that reason, and because I expect many others which I intend to have printed, I do not send them now, as I desire; but I will send them by the first opportunity, after they are printed, for the information of the supreme government. I will also send them to the citizen minister plenipotentiary of the republic in Washington for his most convenient disposition.


The Minister of Foreign Relations and Government, Paso del Norte, (or wherever he may be.)