Mr. Romero to Mr. Seward

Mr. Secretary: I have the honor of transmitting to you, for the information of the government of the United States, a copy, for that purpose, of a letter I received to-day from Colonel Don Gregorio Mendez, governor and military commander of the State of Tabasco, in the Mexican republic, dated in the city [Page 96] of San Juan Bautista, the 2d of February last, in which he acknowledges the receipt of the decrees issued by the government of Mexico on the 8th of November last, prolonging the functions of the constitutional President of the republic; states they were very well received in his State, and notifies me they will be solemnly published the next day. I also enclose to you, for the same purpose, the copy of a letter of the same date from the same Colonel Mendez to the constitutional President of Mexico, containing a similar manifestation.

I accept with pleasure this occasion to renew to you, Mr. Secretary, the assurances of my most distinguished consideration.


Hon. William H. Seward, &c., &c., &c.

No. 1.


My most Distinguished Friend: I profit by the opportunity that presents to-day to answer three letters I have had the pleasure of receiving from you. * * *

I received the third yesterday, containing an extract from an official paper of the publication of the supreme decrees prolonging the presidential term, and the trial of General Ortega. * * *

The decrees, which I have already seen, were very well received in this State, and I will order them to be solemnly published to-morrow. * * *

Have the goodness to remember my request to be kept informed of everything of interest to our cause and to the President, to whom I enclose you a letter.

Your true friend,


The Minister Don Matias Romero, Washington.

No. 2.


Most Distinguished and Respected Sir: I have before me your two very acceptable favors of the 27th of October and 9th of November last. * * *

Your determination in regard to General Diaz, who is now fighting in Oaxaca, shall be duly respected by me and my subalterns. That general is truly worthy of his former position by his effectiveness, his valor, his honesty, and his energy, particularly as his disappearance depended upon causes over which he had no control.

I shall take great pleasure in having the decrees sent me by Mr. Romero published tomorrow; they have my entire approval and that of the State. No person more worthy, or With greater hopes of the nation, could have been trusted with the supreme command than yourself, and at a time when a change might have caused a want of confidence, to say the least. The trial of Mr. Ortega is an act that gives power to the government from its principle of morality, as it impresses upon our society and its great men the necessity of attending to their duties, and teaches them the great impropriety of derelictions, which they often commit, thinking to be shielded by the elevation of their positions.

I am pleased to inform you that this State and Chiapas are quiet, and have maintained their independence. The people are struggling bravely in Oaxaca, and it is very probable that the republican banner will wave from the walls of the capital in a short time. Figuera, at the head of five hundred infantry and one hundred cavalry, joined a section of Chiapas troops on the 6th of January, advanced to Juchitan, where he collected a total of 1,300 men, and attacked Tehuantepec on the 17th. He carried the enemy’s intrenchments, but had to fall back from two well-armed forts, where the traitors had concentrated, that opened upon him. His loss was very slight. By express order from General Diaz he then marched to Sierra. * * *

I conclude with an affectionate greeting, wishing you peace and prosperity, and subscribing myself your obedient servant, &c., &c.,


The President of the Republic Don Benito Juarez, Chihuahua.