“A Short History of the Department of State” has been retired and is no longer maintained. For more information, please see the full notice.
The triumph of Union forces in 1865 finally ended the dispute over the relative merits of national authority and states’ rights. The nation emerged from the Civil War more powerful and secure than at any time in its history. Because of the balance of power in Europe, the United States would remain largely immune from international dangers for the next 50 years.