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Foreign Relations of the United States, 1964–1968, Volume XXVI, Indonesia; Malaysia-Singapore; Philippines

Coup and Counter Reaction: October 1965–March 1966


Document 142: Memorandum for President Johnson

Washington , October 1, 1965, 7:20 a.m.

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Indonesia, Vol. V, Memos, 10/65–11/65. Secret. There is an indication on the memorandum that the President saw it.


Document 143: Memorandum of Telephone Conversation Between Acting Secretary of State Ball and Secretary of Defense McNamara

Washington , October 1, 1965, 9:30 a.m.

Source: Johnson Library, Ball Papers, Telephone Conversations, Indonesia [4/12/64–11/10/65]. No classification marking.


Document 144: Memorandum of Telephone Conversation Between Acting Secretary of State Ball and Senator William Fulbright

Washington , October 1, 1965, 3:45 p.m.

Source: Johnson Library, Ball Papers, Telephone Conversations, Indonesia, [4/12/64–11/10/65]. No classification marking.


Document 145: Memorandum of Telephone Conversation Between Acting Secretary of State Ball and Secretary of State Rusk

October 2, 1965, 10:45 a.m.

Source: Johnson Library, Ball Papers, Telephone Conversations, Indonesia. [4/12/64–11/10/65]. No classification marking. Ball was in Washington, Rusk was in New York.


Document 146: Memorandum From the Director of the Far East Region (Blouin) to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (McNaughton).

Washington , October 4, 1965 .

Source: Washington National Records Center, RG 330, OASD/ISA Files: FRC 70 A 3717, Indonesia, 000.1–291.2. Secret. Drafted by D.E. Nuechterlein (OASD/ISA/FER).


Document 147: Telegram From the Embassy in Indonesia to the Department of State

Djakarta , October 5, 1965, 1435Z .

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 INDON. Secret; Priority. Repeated to CINCPAC for POLAD, Canberra, Karachi, Kuala Lumpur, London, Manila, New Delhi, Paris, Singapore, Tokyo, and Wellington. Passed to the White House, DOD, CIA, USIA, and USUN. In situation report 9 of the Indonesia Working Group, October 5, this was described as the “first of a series of telegrams recommending courses of action (Djakarta 868, October 5) which generally suggests that the United States avoid overt involvement in the power struggle but should indicate, clearly but covertly, to key Army officers our desire to assist where we can.” (Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Indonesia, Vol. V, Cables, 10/65–11/65, [3 of 3])


Document 148: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Indonesia

Washington , October 6, 1965, 7:39 p.m.

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 INDON. Secret; Immediate. Drafted by Underhill and Cuthell; cleared by James B. Freeman, Special Assistant in P, Richard L. Sneider, Public Affairs Adviser in FE, and in substance by Daniel E. Moore, Deputy Director, Office of Assistant Director (Far East), USIA; and approved by Ball and William Bundy. Repeated to Canberra, Karachi, Kuala Lumpur, London, Manila, New Delhi, Paris for TOPOL, Tokyo, Wellington, Singapore, and CINCPAC for POLAD.


Document 149: Intelligence Memorandum

Washington , October 6, 1965 .

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Indonesia, Vol. V, Memos, 10/65–11/65. Secret. Prepared by the Office of Current Intelligence, Central Intelligence Agency.


Document 150: Memorandum of Telephone Conversation Between the Under Secretary of State (Ball) and Deputy Director of Central Intelligence (Helms)

Washington , October 7, 1965, 12:05 p.m.

Source: Johnson Library, Ball Papers, Telephone Conversations, Indonesia, [4/12/64–11/10/65]. No classification marking.


Document 151: Telegram From the Embassy in Indonesia to the Department of State

Djakarta , October 10, 1965 .

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL INDON–UK. Secret: Eyes Only. There is no time of transmission on this telegram, which was received in the Department of State at 2:46 p.m., October 10.


Document 152: Memorandum of Telephone Conversation Between the Under Secretary of State (Ball) and Secretary of State Rusk

Washington , October 12, 1965, 5:40 p.m.

Source: Johnson Library, Ball Papers, Telephone Conversations, Indonesia, [4/12/64–11/10/65]. No classification marking.


Document 153: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Indonesia

Washington , October 13, 1965, 7:03 p.m.

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 INDON. Secret; Exdis. Drafted by Cuthell and Berger, cleared by William Bundy, and approved by Rusk.


Document 154: Telegram From the Embassy in Indonesia to the Department of State

Djakarta , October 14, 1965, 1020Z .

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 INDON. Secret; Exdis. Repeated to CINCPAC for POLAD and passed to the White House.1006. 1. Colonel Ethel conveyed to Nasution's aide today our oral message (Deptel 447 and previous)See footnote 4, Document 151. re confrontation; aide took it down on a piece of paper and said he would give it to Nasution within the hour.In telegram 2005 to London, October 15, the Department reported that Nasution received the message and was very satisfied with it, hoping that the “British will lay off.” (National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 INDON) He commented to effect that this was just what was needed by way of assurances that we (the army) weren't going to be hit from all angles as we moved to straighten things out here.


Document 155: Telegram From the Embassy in Indonesia to the Department of State

Djakarta , October 14, 1965 .

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, DEF 21 INDON. Secret. There is no time of transmission on this telegram, which was received at the Department of State at 9:33 a.m. on October 14.


Document 156: Telegram From the Embassy in Indonesia to the Department of State

Djakarta , October 17, 1965, 0030Z .

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 INDON. Secret. Repeated to Bangkok, Canberra, CINCPAC for POLAD, Karachi, Kuala Lumpur, Manila, New Delhi, London, Singapore, Tokyo, and Wellington.


Document 157: Telegram From the Embassy in Indonesia to the Department of State

Djakarta , October 18, 1965, 0845Z .

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 15–1 INDON. Secret; Exdis; Immediate. Repeated to CINCPAC for Manila and to the Department of Defense. Passed to the White House.


Document 158: Telegram From the Embassy in Indonesia to the Department of State

Djakarta , October 20, 1965, 0330Z .

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 12 INDON. Confidential. Repeated to Canberra, CINCPAC for POLAD, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur, London, Manila, Moscow, Paris, Tokyo, and Wellington.


Document 159: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Indonesia

Washington , October 22, 1965, 7:14 p.m.

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 INDON. Secret; Priority; Limdis. Drafted by Cuthell, cleared by Berger, and approved by Bundy.


Document 160: Memorandum From the President's Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy) to President Johnson

Washington , October 22, 1965, 11:30 a.m.

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Memos to the President, McGeorge Bundy, Vol. 16, 10/15–11/19/65. Secret.


Document 161: Telegram From the Embassy in Indonesia to the Department of State

Djakarta , October 26, 1965 .

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 INDON. Secret; Priority. Repeated to Canberra, Kuala Lumpur, London, Manila for FELG/RSO, Medan, Singapore, Tokyo, Wellington, Paris, Hong Kong, Surabaya, and CINCPAC for POLAD. There is no time of transmission on this telegram. Passed to the White House, DOD, NSA, CIA, and USIA.


Document 162: Editorial Note


Document 163: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Indonesia

Washington , October 29, 1965, 3:48 p.m.

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 INDON. Secret; Priority; Limdis. Drafted by Berger, Cuthell, and Underhill and approved by Berger. Repeated to Tokyo, and CINCPAC also for POLAD.


Document 164: Memorandum From the Assistant for Indonesia (Nuechterlein) to the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Friedman)

Washington , October 30, 1965 .

Source: Washington National Records Center, RG 330, OASD/ISA Files: FRC 70 A 5127, Indonesia 000.1 Sensitive, 1965. Top Secret; Sensitive. Friedman was the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense in charge of Far Eastern Affairs. Also sent to Admiral Blouin, Director of the Far East Region, ISA.


Document 165: Telegram From the Embassy in Indonesia to the Department of State

Djakarta , November 1, 1965, 1200Z .

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 INDON. Secret; Exdis; Immediate. Repeated to Bangkok. Upon receipt at the Department of State, passed to the White House.


Document 166: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Indonesia

Washington , November 1, 1965, 8:10 p.m.

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 INDON. Secret; Immediate. Drafted by Underhill, cleared by William Bundy, and approved by Berger. Repeated to Bangkok.


Document 167: Memorandum From the Director of the Office of Southwest Pacific Affairs (Cuthell) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Bundy)

Washington , November 3, 1965 .

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, EA/Indonesia Files: Lot 68 D 467, POL 23–9, 30 September Movement. Secret. Drafted by Underhill. Printed from an unsigned copy.


Document 168: Memorandum From the Assistant for Indonesia (Nuechterlein) to the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Friedman)

Washington , November 4, 1965 .

Source: Washington National Records Center, RG 330, OASD/ISA Files: FRC 70 A 5127, Indonesia, 000.1, sensitive, 1965. Top Secret; Sensitive. Also sent to Blouin.


Document 169: Telegram From the Embassy in Indonesia to the Department of State

Djakarta , November 4, 1965, 0845Z .

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 INDON. Secret; Immediate; Limdis. Repeated to CINCPAC for POLAD. Upon receipt, passed to the White House, CIA, NSA, and USIA.


Document 170: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Thailand

Washington , November 4, 1965, 7:34 p.m.

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 INDON. Secret; Immediate; Exdis. Drafted by Cuthell, cleared in draft with William Bundy and with Henry Koren, Deputy Director for Intelligence Coordination, INR, and approved by U. Alexis Johnson. Also sent to Djakarta and repeated to CINCPAC for POLAD and DOD for the Office of Secretary McNamara. U. Alexis Johnson sent a memorandum to the 303 Committee explaining the Army's request for medical assistance and submitting a draft of this telegram for approval. McGeorge Bundy approved the draft with minor changes, CIA gave its approval directly to Koren, and Vance telephoned U. Alexis Johnson with Defense approval. (National Security Council Files, Special Group/303 Committee Files, Subject Files, Indonesia) The 303 Committee noted on November 4 that these approvals were obtained by telephone. (Ibid., 303 Committee Minutes, 11/16/65)


Document 171: Telegram From the Embassy in Thailand to the Department of State

Bangkok , November 5, 1965, 1200Z .

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 INDON. Secret; Priority; Exdis. Repeated to Djakarta and CINCPAC for POLAD.


Document 172: Memorandum Prepared in the Central Intelligence Agency

Washington , November 9, 1965 .

Source: Department of State, INR/IL Historical Files, Indonesia, 1963–1965. Secret.


Document 173: Telegram From the Embassy in Thailand to the Department of State

Bangkok , November 11, 1965, 0614Z .

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 INDON. Secret; Priority; Exdis. Repeated to Djakarta and CINCPAC for POLAD.


Document 174: Telegram From the Consulate in Medan to the Department of State

Medan, Indonesia , November 16, 1965, 0115Z .

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 INDON. Confidential. Repeated to Djakarta.


Document 175: Memorandum Prepared for the 303 Committee

Washington , November 17, 1965 .

Source: National Security Council, Special Group/303 Committee Files, Subject Files, Indonesia. Secret; Eyes Only.


Document 176: Intelligence Memorandum

Washington , November 18, 1965 .

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Indonesia, Vol. VI, 11/65–5/66. Secret; No Foreign Dissem; Background Use Only. Prepared in the Office of Current Intelligence, Central Intelligence Agency.


Document 177: Telegram From the Embassy in Indonesia to the Department of State

Djakarta , November 19, 1965, 1135Z .

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, DEF 6 INDON. Secret; Exdis. Repeated to London.


Document 178: Intelligence Memorandum

Washington , November 22, 1965 .

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Indonesia, Vol. VI, 11/65–5/66. Secret; No Foreign Dissem; Background Use Only. Prepared by the Office of Current Intelligence, Central Intelligence Agency.


Document 179: Telegram From the Embassy in Indonesia to the Department of State

Djakarta , December 2, 1965 .

Source: Department of State, INR/IL Historical Files, Indonesia, 1963–1965. Secret; Priority; Roger Channel; Special Handling.


Document 180: Memorandum From the Chief, Far East Division, Directorate of Operations, Central Intelligence Agency (Colby) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Bundy)

Washington , December 3, 1965 .


Document 181: Memorandum From the Deputy Director for Coordination, Bureau of Intelligence and Research (Koren) to the Director (Hughes)

Washington , December 4, 1965 .

Source: Department of State, INR/IL Files, Indonesia, 1963–1965. Secret. Also sent to Denny and Evans. Drafted by Koren on December 8.


Document 182: Memorandum Prepared for the 303 Committee

Washington , December 8, 1965 .


Document 183: Memorandum From the Director of the Far East Region (Blouin) to the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Friedman)

Washington , December 13, 1965 .

Source: Washington National Record Center, RG 330, OASD/ISA Files: FRC 70 A 3717, Indonesia, 400.73 (430 Indonesia). Secret. Drafted by Nuechterlein.


Document 184: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Indonesia

Washington , December 16, 1965, 17:15 p.m.

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 INDON. Secret; Immediate; Exdis. Drafted by Berger and approved by William Bundy. Repeated to Tokyo, Bonn, and CINCPAC for POLAD.


Document 185: Editorial Note


Document 186: Telegram From the Embassy in Indonesia to the Department of State

Djakarta , December 22, 1965, 1250Z .

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 INDON. Secret; Priority. Repeated to Bangkok, Canberra, CINCPAC for POLAD, Department of Defense, Kuala Lumpur, Hong Kong, London, Manila, Medan, Paris for NATUS, Singapore, Tokyo, and Wellington.


Document 187: Memorandum From the Joint Chiefs of Staff to Secretary of Defense McNamara

Washington , December 30, 1965 .

Source: Washington National Records Center, RG 330, OASD/ISA Files: FRC 70 A 3717, Indonesia 320.2–400.3295 (381 Indonesia). Secret.


Document 188: Memorandum From the Deputy Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Komer) to Chester L. Cooper and James C. Thomson, Jr., of the National Security Council Staff

Washington , January 19, 1966 .

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Files of Robert W. Komer, Indonesia, Nov. 63–Mar 66, [1 of 3]. Secret. A copy was sent to McGeorge Bundy.


Document 189: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Indonesia

Washington , January 20, 1966, 13:48 p.m.

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, AID (US) INDON. Secret; Priority; Limdis. Drafted by Underhill, cleared by Cuthell and Barnett, and approved by Berger. Repeated to CINCPAC for POLAD.


Document 190: Telegram From the Embassy in Indonesia to the Department of State

Djakarta , February 2, 1966, 1210Z .

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 INDON. Secret; Priority. Repeated to Canberra, CINCPAC for POLAD, Bonn, London, Medan, Paris for NATUS, Tokyo, and Surabaya.


Document 191: Memorandum of Conversation

Washington , February 14, 1966 .

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 2 INDON. Secret. Drafted by Goodspeed on February 16. The meeting took place in Rusk's Office and began at 4:47 p.m. Rusk's next appointment was at 5:10 p.m. (Johnson Library, Rusk Appointment Book) Berger sent Rusk a short briefing memorandum for this meeting. (National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, EA/Indonesia Files: Lot 70 D 3, PER 9–3 Consultation)


Document 192: Memorandum From the President's Deputy Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Komer) to President Johnson

Washington , February 15, 1966 .

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Files of Robert W. Komer, Indonesia, Nov. 63 to Mar. 66, [1 of 3]. Secret.


Document 193: Briefing Notes for President Johnson

Washington , February 15, 1966 .

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Files of Robert W. Komer, Indonesia, Nov. 63 to Mar. 66, [1 to 3]. Secret. These notes were originally prepared as a draft memorandum for the President, but Komer changed them to Briefing Notes for the President's meeting with Marshall Green on February 15; see Document 194. Attached but not printed is a brief biographical sketch of Green. The Department of State also prepared a February 12 briefing paper for the President. (National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, EA/Indonesia Files: Lot 70 D 3, PER 9–3 Consultation)


Document 194: Memorandum of Conversation

Washington , February 15, 1966 , 11:55 a.m.–12:20 p.m.

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL INDON–US. Secret. Drafted by Green and approved in the White House on February 23. The meeting was off the record. The time of the meeting was taken from the President's Daily Diary. (Johnson Library)


Document 195: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Thailand

Washington , February 15, 1966, 19:13 p.m.

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, INCO–RICE 17 INDON–THAI. Secret; Immediate; Exdis. Drafted by William Bundy, cleared in substance with Komer, cleared by Green, Berger, and Underhill; and approved by William Bundy. Repeated to Djakarta and New Delhi.


Document 196: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in New Zealand

Washington , February 18, 1966, 18:12 p.m.

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, INCO–RICE 17 INDON–THAI. Secret; Immediate; Exdis. Drafted by Underhill, cleared by Berger and in draft with Green, and approved by William Bundy. Repeated to Djakarta and Bangkok.


Document 197: Memorandum From the President's Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy) and Chester L. Cooper of the National Security Council Staff to President Johnson

Washington , February 21, 1966, 19:30 p.m.

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Indonesia, Vol. VI, 11/65–5/66. Secret. There is an indication on the memorandum that the President saw it.


Document 198: Telegram From the Embassy in Indonesia to the Department of State

Djakarta , March 4, 1966, 0830Z .

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 INDON. Secret; Priority. Repeated to Bangkok, CINCPAC for POLAD, Hong Kong for Ambassador Green, Kuala Lumpur, London, Manila, Medan, Singapore, Surabaya, and Tokyo.


Document 199: Telegram From the Embassy in Indonesia to the Department of State

Djakarta , March 10, 1966, 0900Z .

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 INDON. Secret; Immediate. Repeated to Taipei for Bundy. Passed to the White House.


Document 200: Telegram From the Embassy in Indonesia to the Department of State

Djakarta , March 12, 1966, 1000Z .

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9, INDON. Secret; Immediate. Repeated to CINCPAC for POLAD, Department of Defense, Canberra, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur, Bangkok, London, Manila for FELG, Medan, Singapore, Surabaya, and Tokyo. Passed to the White House, USIA, NSA, and CIA.


Document 201: Memorandum From the President's Deputy Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Komer) to President Johnson

Washington , March 12, 1966, 10:30 a.m.

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Memos to the President, McGeorge Bundy, Vol. XXI. Confidential. There is an indication on the memorandum that the President saw it.


Document 202: Memorandum From the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Berger) to Secretary of State Rusk

Washington , March 14, 1966 .

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 15 INDON. Secret. Drafted by Meyers and Conlon. Rusk initialed the memorandum.


Document 203: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Indonesia

Washington , March 17, 1966, 6:53 p.m.

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, AID (US) INDON. Secret; Priority; Limdis. Drafted by Cuthell; cleared in draft with Barnett, Vladimir Toumanoff, Officer-in-Charge of Multilateral Political Relations (EUR/SOV), and Poats; cleared by Mann and Richard W. Petree, Officer-in-Charge of Japanese Affairs; and approved by Bundy. Also sent to Tokyo and repeated to Moscow, Bonn, Paris, The Hague, Kuala Lumpur, and Hong Kong. In a note to Komer, March 18, Thomson reported that this cable went out without White House approval and was the “end product of a reluctant and hand wringing approach to contingency planning” strongly encouraged by the NSC staffers. Although “irked” by some preemptory judgments, Thomson “welcomed even this bit of glacial progress on the part of the Department.” Thomson concluded, “Clearly the Japanese are being set up as our front men, and I suppose that makes sense.” (Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Indonesia, Vol. VI)


Document 204: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Indonesia

Washington , March 22, 1966, 8:50 p.m.

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 1 INDON. Secret; Limdis. Drafted by Cuthell, cleared with Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs Walter J. Stoessel, Jr., Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs David H. Popper, Barnett, Ewing, and Officer-in-Charge of Japan Affairs Richard W. Petree. Repeated to Bangkok, Bonn, Canberra, The Hague, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur, London, Manila, Moscow, Paris, Rome, Tokyo, Wellington, CINCPAC for POLAD, and USUN.


Document 205: Memorandum From James C. Thomson, Jr., of the National Security Council Staff to the President's Special Assistant (Moyers)

Washington , March 31, 1966 .

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Indonesia, Vol. VI, 11/65–5/66. Secret. Copies were sent to Bromley Smith, Executive Secretary of the NSC, and to Edward Hamilton of the NSC Staff.