Sweden recognized the United States in 1783 by signing a treaty negotiated by Benjamin Franklin. Diplomatic relations were established in 1818 and have remained unbroken since that time.Modern Flag of Sweden
Sweden recognized the United States on April 3, 1783, when the Treaty of Amity and Commerce between the United States and Sweden was signed in Paris.
The United States had appointed Benjamin Franklin as Minister Plenipotentiary to Sweden on September 28, 1782. Franklin did not proceed to Sweden, but remained in Paris, where he was already serving as Minister Plenipotentiary to France. The Swedish minister in Paris approached Franklin in 1782 with the suggestion of concluding a treaty between the two entities, remarking that he hoped it would be remembered that “Sweden was the first power in Europe which had voluntarily and without solicitation offered its friendship to the United States.” Franklin informed Congress of this initiative and was then empowered to negotiate with Sweden.
Sweden appointed its first consul to the United States, Charles Hellstedt, on September 22, 1783, who was accredited on December 3, 1784.
The United States named David Erskine as the first Consul to Stockholm on May 22, 1818.
Diplomatic relations were established on April 29, 1818, when Jonathan Russell presented his credentials as American Minister Plenipotentiary to Sweden. Russell resided in Stockholm while he was minister at the court of Sweden and Norway (which were not then separate countries).
On September 20, 1947, H. Freeman Matthews was appointed to be the first U.S. Ambassador to Sweden. Mathews presented his credentials on December 5, 1947.
The United States and Sweden signed a Treaty of Amity and Commerce on April 3, 1783 in Paris. Following ratification by both countries, ratifications were exchanged at Paris on February 6, 1784.