C: I cannot but express my bitter
sorrow and to [about?] him I have already issued a public statement to
that effect. Rodger Davies took all necessary measures to protect the
United States Embassy in Cyprus and the American citizens there in the
Republic. I am grieved because not only the United States has lost an
Ambassador, but I have lost a precious friend.
K: Well, Mr. President, we
understand that this was out of your control, and you are quite correct,
Rodger Davies was a friend and the United States thinks of itself as a
friend of yourself and of what you are trying to do.
C: I rushed as soon as the news
reached me. I entered the Embassy under fire and bring out…
K: Well, I understand, Mr.
President. But the only thing I would ask is that the deliberate effort
to blame the United States for what has happened is one of the
contributing causes to this situation, and if we are to play a useful
role, which we are eager to do, we cannot do it under this sort of
pressure. And so we are asking all responsible Greek leaders to stop the
anti-American agitation or we will withdraw completely from the
negotiations, and leave it to be settled directly between Greeks and
C: That's what…
K: Well, in that case there has
to be an end to this agitation.
C: I will do my utmost to press
upon the people that there is no reason to show hostility whatsoever
against the United States. Today I had a press conference for everything
that happened and I stated the United States had exerted a lot of
pressure to prevent the Turkish Army from attacking.
C: And I will continue bringing
all I can to prevent any anti-American feelings or any anti-American
demonstrations in Cyprus.
K: We are prepared, as Mr.
Davies must have told you
yesterday, to use our influence to produce the most favorable outcome
and to use our influence to bring about a change in the present
disposition of forces. But we cannot do this under the pressure of
C: I only appreciate the position
you have just explained. Rodger spoke to me last night about the points
you have mentioned and I was today going to elaborate. But unfortunately
for him it is too late.
K: Well, Mr. President, no one
can blame you for this horrible tragedy. And we have supported you from
the beginning and we will continue to support you.
C: Thank you.
K: But there are certain
realities which you also must take into account which I have outlined to
C: Yes, I know.
K: And we will say the same thing
C: Well, I am completely aware of
the reality of the situation, and I feel because I was aware of the
realities that I was fine…I will continue doing my best so that together
we can work a reasonable solution to the Cyprus problem.
C: I will be very grateful if this
is done. First of all it will help us all to have a senior diplomat
here, and also because if…
K: Yes, but there can be no
question about the fact, and I'm not saying this to you, that if these
attitudes continue in Athens and Cyprus, then we will just wash our
hands of the whole thing.
C: I fully realize and you can
rest assured that I will do everything, even publicly, to prevent any
anti-Americanism in Cyprus.
K: Good. Thank you very much for
calling, Mr. President, and I hope we will have the opportunity to meet
C: I look forward to our meeting
K: And you can count on me as a
C: Well, you can count that in
Cyprus you have both a friend and admirer.
K: Thank you, Mr. President.
C: Thank you. Good-bye.
1Source: Library of Congress,
Manuscript Division, Kissinger Papers, Box 385, Telephone Conversations,
Chronological File. No classification marking. Kissinger was in Washington;
Clerides was in
2As reported in telegram 181216,
August 19, Davies was shot
during a demonstration at the U.S. Embassy in Nicosia on August 19.
Clerides took the injured
Ambassador to the hospital, where he died. (Ford Library, National Security
Adviser, Presidential Country Files for Middle East and South Asia,
Box 2, Cyprus 1)
3Kissinger sent L. Dean Brown,
Deputy Under Secretary of State for Management and former Ambassador
to Jordan, to take charge of the Embassy pending the appointment of
a new Ambassador. (Ibid.) On August 23 William R. Crawford, Jr., was appointed Ambassador