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Foreign Relations of the United States, 1955–1957, Korea, Volume XXIII, Part 2

U.S. Efforts to Secure the Withdrawal of the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission From Korea; The Question of the Introduction of Advanced Weapons Into Korea


Document 1: Editorial Note


Document 2: Memorandum of a Conversation Between the Secretary of State and the Korean Ambassador (Yang), Department of State, Washington, January 7, 1955

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.95B/1–755. Confidential. Drafted by William G. Jones.


Document 3: Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.95B/1–855. Secret. Repeated to Tokyo.


Document 4: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/1–1255. Top Secret. Drafted by Robert J. G. McClurkin, initialed by Robertson, and sent through Robert R. Bowie and Robert Murphy, Deputy Under Secretary of State.


Document 5: Letter From the Acting Secretary of Defense (Anderson) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/1–1355. Top Secret.


Document 6: Memorandum From the Joint Chiefs of Staff to the Secretary of Defense (Wilson)

Source: Washington National Records Center, OASD/ISA Files: FRC 60 B 1025, 092 Korea. Top Secret.


Document 7: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Korea

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/1–2755. Secret. Drafted by Jones, cleared with IO and EUR, and approved by McClurkin. Repeated to Bern, Stockholm, London, Paris, Tokyo, Warsaw, and Prague.


Document 8: Letter From President Eisenhower to President Rhee

Source: Department of State, S/S Files: Lot 66 D 204, Eisenhower/Dulles Correspondence with Rhee. No classification marking. Drafted in NA by Jones and sent to Seoul in telegram 498, February 4. (Ibid., Central Files, 611.95B/2–455) Ambassador Briggs transmitted the letter in a letter to President Rhee on February 7. (Ibid., Seoul Embassy Files: Lot 59 F 180, 350 Korea 1955)


Document 9: Memorandum From the Officer in Charge of Korean Affairs (Jones) to the Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (McClurkin)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.5/2–155. Secret.


Document 10: Memorandum From the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (Radford) to the Secretary of Defense Wilson)

Source: Department of State, PPS Files: Lot 66 D 70, Korea. Top Secret.


Document 11: Memorandum of Discussion at the 235th Meeting of the National Security Council, Washington, February 3, 1955

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, NSC Records. Top Secret. Drafted by S. Everett Gleason on February 4.


Document 12: Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/2–455. Confidential. Repeated to Stockholm, Bern, and Tokyo.


Document 13: Memorandum on the Substance of Discussion at the Department of State–Joint Chiefs of Staff Meeting, Washington, February 4, 1955, 11:30 a.m.

Source: Department of State, State–JCS Meetings: Lot 61 D 417. Top Secret. A note on the title page reads: “State Draft. Not cleared with any of participants.”


Document 14: Telegram From the Department of the Army to the Commander in Chief, United Nations Command (Hull)

Source: Department of Defense Files. Top Secret. Repeated to Ambassador Briggs and the Senior Member of UNCMAC in Seoul.


Document 15: Memorandum From the Acting Secretary of State to the President

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/2–755. Top Secret.


Document 16: Telegram From the Commander in Chief, United Nations Command (Hull) to the Joint Chiefs of Staff

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/2–755. Top Secret; Operational Immediate. Repeated to Ambassador Briggs and the Senior Member of UNCMAC Korea.


Document 17: Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/2–755. Top Secret; Priority. Repeated to Tokyo.


Document 18: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Korea

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/2–955. Secret. Drafted by Jones; cleared with EUR, UNP, and in substance with the Department of Defense; and approved by McClurkin. Repeated to Bern, Stockholm, and Tokyo.


Document 19: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Switzerland

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/2–1155. Secret. Drafted by Jones, cleared with EUR and UNP, and approved by McClurkin. Also sent to Stockholm and repeated to Seoul and Tokyo.


Document 20: Memorandum From the Far Eastern Regional Director, Foreign Operations Administration (Moyer) to the Director of the Foreign Operations Administration (Stassen)

Source: Washington National Records Center, FOA/ICA Files: Lot W–1444, FRC 56 A 632, Korea. Confidential. Sent through Dennis A. FitzGerald, Deputy Director of FOA. This memorandum grew out of an interagency discussion of the subject on February 14, among working-level officials of the Departments of State, Defense, and the Treasury and the Bureau of the Budget and a large contingent of FOA officials, including Stassen, FitzGerald, and Moyer. A memorandum of the discussion is ibid.


Document 21: Memorandum From the Acting Executive Secretary of the National Security Council (Gleason) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, S/S–NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 170 Series. Top Secret; Eyes Only. Also sent to the Secretary of Defense, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Director of Central Intelligence.


Document 22: Memorandum From the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Sebald) to the Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs (Murphy)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/2–2355. Confidential. Drafted by Jones and concurred in by FE, IO, and EUR.


Document 23: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Korea

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/2–2555. Secret. Drafted by Jones and Walter H. Drew of NA; cleared with FE, UNP, P, and in substance with the Department of Defense; and approved by McClurkin. Repeated to Bern, Stockholm, and Tokyo.


Document 24: National Security Council Report

Source: Department of State, S/S–NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5514 Series. Top Secret. Annex B “Joint Policy Declaration,” Annex C “NSC Action No. 1004 dated January 8, 1954,” and a “Summary Statement of Economic and Military Assistance to Korea” are not printed. In a Progress Report on December 30, 1954, the Operations Coordinating Board reported to the NSC that NSC 170/1 had become “partially obsolete” and should be revised. (For text of NSC 170/1, see Foreign Relations,1952–1954, vol. XV, Part 2, pp. 1620–1624.) The Progress Report is Ibid., pp. 1942–1956. On January 19, 1955, Assistant Secretary Robertson sent a memorandum to Secretary Dulles recommending that the Department support the development of a new policy paper on Korea. On February 10, the Department of State member of the NSC Planning Board transmitted to the Board a draft paper entitled “U.S. Objectives and Courses of Action in Korea,” which was prepared in the Department. The Board Assistants of the Planning Board reworked the Department of State draft and submitted a revised version to the Planning Board on February 18. The final draft printed here was approved for transmittal to the NSC by the Planning Board on February 24. (Copies of Robertson’s January 19 memorandum, the Department of State draft, and the Planning Board draft of this paper are in Department of State, S/P–NSC Files: Lot 61 D 167, Korea, U.S. Objectives and Courses of Action)


Document 25: Telegram From the Commander in Chief, United Nations Command (Hull) to the Joint Chiefs of Staff

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 218, JCS Records, CCS 383.21 Korea (3–19–45) (2). Secret. Repeated to Ambassador Briggs, CG AFFE/ Army Eight, DEPACOMARMYEIGHT FWD KOREA, Sr Mbr UNCMAC, COMFEAF, and COMNAVFE.


Document 26: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Korea

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/3–255. Confidential. Drafted by McClurkin and cleared with EUR. Also sent to Stockholm, Bern, and Tokyo.


Document 27: Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/3–855. Confidential. Repeated to Bern, Stockholm, and Tokyo.


Document 28: Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 033.1100–ST/3–855. Confidential; Priority. Repeated to Tokyo.


Document 29: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Switzerland

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/3–855. Secret. Drafted by Jones and approved by McClurkin. Also sent to Stockholm and repeated to Seoul and Tokyo.


Document 30: Memorandum of Discussion at the 240th Meeting of the National Security Council, Washington, March 10, 1955

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, NSC Records. Top Secret. Drafted by Gleason on March 11.


Document 31: Letter From the Secretary of Defense (Wilson) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.5/3–3055. Top Secret.


Document 32: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Korea

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/3–3055. Secret. Drafted by Christopher A. Norred of NA and approved by McClurkin. Repeated to Stockholm, Bern, and Tokyo.


Document 33: Letter From the Ambassador in Korea (Briggs) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.5–MSP/3–3055. Confidential; Official–Informal. Copies were sent to C. Tyler Wood and General Maxwell D. Taylor.


Document 34: Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, April 7, 1955

Source: Department of State, NA Files: Lot 59 D 407, Memcons (NNSC) 1955. Secret. Drafted by Jones.


Document 35: Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, April 11, 1955

Source: Department of State, NA Files: Lot 59 D 407, Memcons (NNSC) 1955. Confidential. Drafted by Jones on April 12.


Document 36: Letter From the Secretary of State to the Secretary of Defense (Wilson)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.5/3–3055. Secret. Drafted by Norred and cleared with IO, FE, and Murphy.


Document 37: Memorandum From John W. Hanes to the Secretary’s Special Assistant (O’Connor)

Source: Eisenhower Library, Dulles Papers, Strictly Confidential. Top Secret; Personal. Hanes was O’Connor’s Special Assistant.


Document 38: Memorandum of Discussion at the 245th Meeting of the National Security Council, Washington, April 21, 1955

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, NSC Records. Top Secret. Drafted by Gleason on April 22.


Document 39: Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, April 29, 1955

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.5/4–2955. Secret. Drafted by Jones.


Document 40: Despatch From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.5/4–3055. Top Secret.


Document 41: Memorandum From the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Sebald) to the Deputy Under Secretary of State (Murphy)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/5–455. Confidential. Drafted by Jones and cleared with EUR and UNP.


Document 42: Telegram From the Embassy in Switzerland to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/5–655. Secret; Priority. Repeated to Stockholm, London, Paris, Ottawa, Seoul, and Tokyo.


Document 43: Telegram From the Economic Coordinator in Korea (Wood) to the Foreign Operations Administration

Source: Washington National Records Center, FOA/ICA Files: Lot W–144, FRC 56 A 632, Korea. Confidential. Also sent to CINCUNC, the Department of the Army, and the Embassy in Seoul and repeated to the Department of State.


Document 44: Memorandum From the Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs (Murphy) to the Under Secretary of State (Hoover)

Source: Department of State, S/P Files: Lot 66 D 70, Korea. Secret. Drafted by Jones.


Document 45: Telegram From the Department of State to the Secretary of State, at Paris

Source: Department or State, Central Files, 795B.00/5–1155. Secret; Priority. Drafted by Hemmendinger and Harry Schwartz of S/P; cleared by Murphy, Phleger, and Defense; and approved by Hoover.


Document 46: Telegram From the Secretary of State to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.00/5–1255. Secret.


Document 47: Telegram From the Secretary of State to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.00/5–1255. Secret.


Document 48: Memorandum of Discussion at the 248th Meeting of the National Security Council, Washington, May 12, 1955

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, NSC Records. Top Secret. Drafted by Gleason on May 13.


Document 49: Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, May 13, 1955

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/5–1355. Secret. Drafted by Jones on May 16.


Document 50: Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.95/5–1755. Top Secret. Repeated to Tokyo.


Document 51: Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, May 21, 1955

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/5–2155. Confidential. Drafted by Hemmendinger.


Document 52: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson) to the Under Secretary of State (Hoover)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/5–2755. Secret. Drafted by Jones; concurred in by IO, EUR, FE, and L/UNA; and approved by McClurkin. Sent through Murphy who initialed it.


Document 53: Telegram From the Joint Chiefs of Staff to the Commander in Chief, Far East (Taylor)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795A.5411/6–1455. Top Secret; Priority. Repeated to COMFEAF Tokyo, and COMNAVFE Japan.


Document 54: Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.5/5–3055. Top Secret; Priority.


Document 55: Memorandum From the Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (McClurkin) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.00/6–155. Secret. Drafted by Jones. Also sent to Sebald.


Document 56: Telegram From the Commander in Chief, United Nations Command (Taylor) to the Joint Chiefs of Staff

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/6–255. Top Secret; Priority. Repeated to the Embassy in Seoul exclusive for Ambassador Lacy.


Document 57: Memorandum of a Conversation, Washington, June 3, 1955

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/6–355. Secret. Drafted by McClurkin. A Department of Defense summary of this conversation was sent by Admiral Radford to the Deputy Secretary of Defense in a June 6 memorandum. (Washington National Records Center, OASD/ISA Files: FRC 60 A 1025, 387.4 Korea)


Document 58: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Korea

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.00/6–1355. Confidential. Drafted by McClurkin and approved by Sebald.


Document 59: Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, June 18, 1955

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.5/6–1855. Secret. Drafted by Norred.


Document 60: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Korea

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.5–MSP/6–2155. Official Use Only. Drafted by Howard L. Parsons, Officer in Charge of Economic Affairs in the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs, and approved by McClurkin. Repeated to Tokyo.


Document 61: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Korea

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.5–MSP/6–3055. Limited Official Use. Drafted by Parsons and Lieutenant Colonel Jack P. Napier, Deputy Chief of the Economic Division in the Office of the Chief of Civil Affairs and Military Government, Office of the Chief of Staff of the Army; cleared with FOA; and approved by McClurkin. Repeated to Tokyo.


Document 62: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Korea

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.5–MSP/7–155. Confidential. Drafted by Howard F. Smith of NA, cleared with ICA and the Department of Defense, and approved by McClurkin. Repeated to Tokyo.


Document 63: Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, July 5, 1955

Source: Department of State, FE Files: Lot 56 D 679, Korea. Secret. Drafted by McClurkin. The source text indicates the conversation took place in Dulles’ office.


Document 64: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Korea

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.5–MSP/7–1155. Secret. Drafted by Smith, approved by McClurkin, and cleared with ICA and the Department of Defense. Repeated to Tokyo.


Document 65: Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/7–1555. Confidential; Priority. Repeated to Tokyo and priority to Bern and Stockholm.


Document 66: Memorandum From the Chief of the Office of Civil Affairs and Military Government, Department of the Army (Marquat) to the Secretary of Defense (Wilson)

Source: Department of State, Seoul Embassy Files: Lot 59 F 180, 320.1—Washington Discussions, 1955. Confidential.


Document 67: Memorandum on the Substance of Discussions at a Department of State–Joint Chiefs of Staff Meeting, Washington, July 29, 1955, 11:30 a.m.

Source: Department of State, State–JCS Meetings: Lot 61 D 417. Top Secret. A note on the title page reads: “State Draft. Not cleared with any of participants.”


Document 68: Letter From President Rhee to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.5–MSP/8–155. No classification marking.


Document 69: Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/8–455. Secret; Niact. Repeated priority to Tokyo.


Document 70: Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/8–655. Confidential; Niact. Repeated to Tokyo.


Document 71: Telegram From the Commanding General, Eighth Army (White) to the Department of the Army

Source: Department of State, NA Files: Lot 59 D 407, Defense Cables Aug–Dec 1955. Secret; Priority; Noforn. Sent from the Eighth Army G–2 for the Department of the Army G–2. Repeated to Tokyo for CINCFE and COMFEAF, and to COMNAVFE Japan.


Document 72: Telegram From the Commander in Chief, Far East (Lemnitzer) to the Department of the Army

Source: Department of State, NA Files: Lot 59 D 407, Defense Cables Aug–Dec 1955. Secret; Priority.


Document 73: Telegram From the Commander in Chief, United Nations Command (Lemnitzer) to the Joint Chiefs of Staff

Source: Department of State, NA Files: Lot 59 D 407, Defense Cables Aug–Dec 1955. Confidential; Priority. Repeated to Seoul for Ambassador Lacy.


Document 74: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Switzerland

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/8–1055. Secret. Drafted by Allen and approved by Murphy. Also sent to Stockholm, London, and Paris and repeated to Seoul and Tokyo.


Document 75: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Korea

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/8–1055. Secret. Drafted by Jones and approved by McClurkin. Also sent to London, Paris, Stockholm, Bern, and Tokyo.


Document 76: Editorial Note


Document 77: Telegram From the Commander in Chief, United Nations Command (Lemnitzer) to the Joint Chiefs of Staff

Source: Department of State, NA Files: Lot 59 D 407, Defense Cables Aug–Dec 1955. Secret. Sent by Lemnitzer from Eighth Army headquarters in Seoul. Repeated to Seoul for Ambassador Lacy and to Tokyo for CINCFE.


Document 78: Editorial Note


Document 79: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Korea

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/8–1255. Confidential; Priority. Drafted by Hemmendinger and Robertson. Repeated priority to Tokyo with instructions to pass to CINCUNC.


Document 80: Memorandum From the Secretary of State’s Special Assistant (O’Connor) to the Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs (Murphy)

Source: Department of State, NA Files: Lot 59 D 407, Memcons (NNSC) 1955. Secret. Also sent to Robertson and David W. Wainhouse, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs.


Document 81: Memorandum From the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Sebald) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/8–1955. Secret. Drafted by Jones and concurred in by Wainhouse of IO, Assistant Secretary of State Livingston T. Merchant of EUR, and Assistant Legal Adviser John M. Raymond. Sent through Murphy.


Document 82: Memorandum of a Telephone Conversation Between the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Gray) and the Acting Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Sebald), Washington, August 24, 1955

source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/8–1955. Secret. Drafted by Sebald.


Document 83: Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, August 26, 1955

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/8–2655. Confidential. Drafted by Jones.


Document 84: Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/9–555. Confidential; Priority. Repeated priority to Tokyo.


Document 85: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Sweden

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/9–655. Confidential. Drafted by Jones and approved by McClurkin. Also sent to Bern and repeated to Seoul, London, Paris, and Tokyo.


Document 86: Telegram From the Commander in Chief, United Nations Command (Lemnitzer) to the Joint Chiefs of Staff

Source: Department of State, NA Files: Lot 59 D 407, Defense Cables Aug-Dec 1955. Secret; Priority. Repeated to Eighth Army Command in Korea for General Isaac D. White and to Seoul for Ambassador Lacy.


Document 87: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.5/9–1655. Secret. Drafted by Jones.


Document 88: Memorandum of a Conversation Between the Minister of the Korean Embassy (Han) and the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Sebald), Department of State, Washington, September 26, 1955

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.95B/9–2655. Confidential. Drafted by Jones on September 27.


Document 89: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Switzerland

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/10–655. Secret. Drafted by Jones and Bruce M. Lancaster of WE and approved by Roberston. Repeated to Stockholm, Paris, London, Seoul, and Tokyo.


Document 90: Memorandum of a Telephone Conversation Between the Secretary of State and the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson), Washington, October 7, 1955, 5:22 p.m.

Source: Eisenhower Library, Dulles Papers, General Telephone Conversations. Prepared by Phyllis D. Bernau.


Document 91: Telegram From the Economic Coordinator in Korea (Wood) to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Conference Files: Lot 59 D 95, CF 538. Confidential; Priority. Also sent to the USOM in Taipei.


Document 92: Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 110.12–HO/10–955. Secret; Priority.


Document 93: Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, October 10, 1955

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/10–1055. Secret. Drafted by Jones. The source text indicates the meeting took place in Murphy’s office.


Document 94: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Switzerland

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/10–1055. Secret. Drafted by Jones and approved by Robertson. Repeated to Stockholm, London, Paris, Seoul, and Tokyo.


Document 95: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson) to the Under Secretary of State (Hoover)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 895B.11/10–1855. Secret. Drafted by Hemmendinger.


Document 96: Memorandum From the Deputy Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (Hemmendinger) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/10–2455. Secret. Drafted by Norred on October 21. Also sent to Sebald.


Document 97: Letter From the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Gray) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/11–555. No classification marking.


Document 98: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson) to the Under Secretary of State (Hoover)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.00/11–955. Top Secret. Drafted by Hemmendinger and Robertson and sent through Murphy.


Document 99: Staff Study Prepared by an Interdepartmental Working Group for the Operations Coordinating Board

Source: Department of State, OCB Files: Lot 62 D 430, Korea—1953 to Date. Top Secret. The working group was chaired by Landreth M. Harrison of the Office of the Under Secretary of State, and included representatives of the Department of Defense, [less than 1 line of text not declassified], ICA, and the OCB.


Document 100: Editorial Note


Document 101: Letter From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson) to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Gray)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/11–555. Secret. Drafted by Norred and Robertson and cleared with EUR, IO, and L/UNA.


Document 102: Report Prepared by the Operations Coordinating Board

Source: Department of State, S/S–NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5514 Series. Top Secret. Prepared for the National Security Council by an OCB working group composed of representatives of the Departments of State and Defense, ICA, USIA, CIA, and the Department of the Treasury. A covering note indicated that the report was approved by the OCB on November 30 for transmittal to the NSC. A financial annex is not printed.


Document 103: Letter From the Officer in Charge of Economic Affairs, Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (Parsons) to the Chargé in Korea (Strom)

Source: Department of State, NA Files: Lot 58 D 643, US–Korea Political 1955-1956. Secret; Official–Informal.


Document 104: Memorandum of a Conversation Between the Swedish Ambassador (Boheman) and the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson), Department of State, Washington, December 7, 1955

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/12–755. Confidential. Drafted by McClurkin.


Document 105: Editorial Note


Document 106: Memorandum From the Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (McClurkin) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/12–855. Confidential.


Document 107: Telegram From the Embassy in Switzerland to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/12–1955. Confidential. Repeated to Stockholm.


Document 108: Memorandum From the Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (McClurkin) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/12–28455. Secret. Drafted by Jones and concurred in by William B. Dunham, Officer in Charge of Swiss-Benelux Affairs.


Document 109: Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, January 6, 1956

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/1–556. Secret. Drafted by Jones on January 10 and initialed as correct by Robertson. The source text indicates the meeting took place in Murphy’s office.


Document 110: Memorandum From the Legal Adviser (Phleger) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/1–1256. Top Secret.


Document 111: Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, January 25, 1956

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/1–2556. Secret. Drafted by Jones on January 26 and initialed by Robertson as correct.


Document 112: Letter From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson) to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Gray)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/1–3056. Secret. Drafted by Jones.


Document 113: Telegram From the Commander in Chief, United Nations Command (Lemnitzer) to the Department of the Army

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/1–3056. Top Secret; Priority.


Document 114: Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/2–356. Secret; Priority; Limited Distribution. Repeated priority to Tokyo.


Document 115: Memorandum on the Substance of Discussion at the Department of State–Joint Chiefs of Staff Meeting, Washington, February 4, 1956, 11:30 a.m.

Source: Department of State, State–JCS Meetings: Lot 61 D 417. Top Secret. A note on the title page reads: “State Draft. Not cleared with any of participants.”


Document 116: Editorial Note


Document 117: Memorandum of Discussion at the 276th Meeting of the National Security Council, Washington, February 9, 1956

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, NSC Records. Top Secret. Drafted by Gleason on February 10.


Document 118: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Korea

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/2–356. Secret; Limit Distribution. Drafted by Jones, cleared with L/UNA, UNP, and BNA, and approved by Robertson. Repeated to Tokyo.


Document 119: Letter From the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Gray) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/2–956. Secret.


Document 120: Letter From the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Gray) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/2–1856. Secret.


Document 121: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Korea

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/2–1656. Secret. Drafted by Jones; cleared with L/UNA, EUR, and UNP; and approved by Sebald. Repeated to Bern, Stockholm, London, Paris, and Tokyo.


Document 122: Letter From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson) to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Gray)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/2–1856. Secret. Drafted by Jones and cleared with L/UNA, EUR, and UNP.


Document 123: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Switzerland

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/3–656. Secret; Niact. Drafted by Jones; cleared with L/UNA, UNP, EUR, and by Murphy; and approved by Sebald. Repeated to Stockholm, Seoul, and Tokyo.


Document 124: Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, March 8, 1956

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/3–856. Secret. Drafted by Jones on March 12 and initialed as correct by Sebald.


Document 125: Telegram From the Embassy in Switzerland to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/3–1056. Secret; Priority. Also sent to Seoul and Tokyo and repeated to Stockholm.


Document 126: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in China


Document 127: Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 110.11–DU/3–1856. Secret. Repeated to Tokyo.


Document 128: Letter From the Secretary of State to the President

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, Dulles–Herter Series. Secret. Transmitted to Washington in Dulte 36, which is the source text, with the instructions: “Eyes only Acting Secretary from Secretary for President.”


Document 129: Memorandum From the Acting Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (Hemmendinger) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/3–2756. Secret. Drafted by Jones and concurred in by L/UNA, FE, UNP, and EUR.


Document 130: Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, April 9, 1956

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/4–956. Secret. Drafted by Norred.


Document 131: Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, April 12, 1956

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/4–1256. Confidential. Drafted by Norred.


Document 132: Memorandum on the Substance of Discussion at the Department of State–Joint Chiefs of Staff Meeting, Washington, April 13, 1956, 11:30 a.m.

Source: Department of State, State–JCS Meetings: Lot 61 D 417. Top Secret. A note on the title page reads: “State Draft. Not cleared with any of participants.”


Document 133: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/4–2056. Secret. Drafted by Norred and concurred in by Murphy, Phleger, Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs Francis O. Wilcox, and Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs Jacob D. Beam.


Document 134: Telegram From the Embassy in Sweden to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/4–2556. Confidential; Priority. Repeated to Tokyo, London, Bern, Paris, and Seoul.


Document 135: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Sweden

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/4–2556. Confidential. Drafted by Norred; approved by Sebald; and cleared with EUR, UNP, and L/UNA. Also sent to Bern and repeated to Seoul, London, Paris, and Tokyo.


Document 136: Circular Telegram From the Department of State to Certain Diplomatic Missions and Consular Offices

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/4–2656. Secret. Drafted by Norred and approved by Sebald. Sent to Addis Ababa, Athens, Bangkok, Bogota, Bern, Brussels, Canberra, The Hague, London, Luxembourg, Ottawa, Paris, Pretoria, Seoul, Stockholm, Taipei, Wellington, Tokyo, Hong Kong, Geneva, and USUN.


Document 137: Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, April 30, 1956

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/4–3056. Secret. Drafted by Norred.


Document 138: Telegram From the Embassy in Switzerland to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/5–156. Confidential; Priority. Repeated to Stockholm, Seoul, and Tokyo.


Document 139: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Sweden

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/5–156. Confidential; Priority. Drafted by Norred; cleared with UNP, EUR, and L/UNA; and approved by Sebald. Also sent to Bern and repeated to Seoul, Tokyo, London, and Paris.


Document 140: Memorandum From the Acting Secretary of State to the President

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 711.11–EI/5–256. Secret. Drafted by Hemmendinger.


Document 141: Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, May 4, 1956

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/5–756. Secret. Drafted by Elizabeth A. Brown on May 7.


Document 142: Letter From the Acting Secretary of State to the Secretary of Defense (Wilson)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/4–2656. Secret. Drafted by Norred and cleared with UNP, L, EUR, and by Murphy.


Document 143: Circular Telegram From the Department of State to Certain Diplomatic Missions and Consular Offices

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/5–1056. Secret. Drafted by Brown of UNP and by Norred; approved by Sebald. Sent to Addis Ababa, Ankara, Athens, Bangkok, Bogota, Bern, Brussels, Canberra, The Hague, London, Luxembourg, Ottawa, Manila, Paris, Seoul, Taipei, Wellington, Tokyo, Hong Kong, Geneva, and USUN.


Document 144: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the United Kingdom

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/5–1156. Secret. Drafted by Norred; cleared with L/UNA, EUR, and UNP; and approved by Murphy. Also sent to Canberra, Wellington, and Paris and repeated to Seoul and Tokyo.


Document 145: Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, May 14, 1956

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/5–1456. Official Use Only. Drafted by Hemmendinger.


Document 146: Editorial Note


Document 147: Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, May 22, 1956

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/5–2256. Secret. Drafted by Nes.


Document 148: Memorandum on the Substance of Discussion at the Department of State–Joint Chiefs of Staff Meeting, Washington, May 23, 1956, 3:30 p.m.

Source: Department of State, State–JCS Meetings: Lot 61 D 417. Top Secret. A note on the title page reads: “State Draft. Not cleared with any of participants.”


Document 149: Circular Telegram From the Department of State to Certain Diplomatic Missions and Consular Offices

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/5–2556. Secret. Drafted by Nes and Brown and approved by Sebald. Sent to Addis Ababa, Ankara, Athens, Bangkok, Bogota, Bern, Brussels, Canberra, The Hague, London, Luxembourg, Ottawa, Manila, Paris, Seoul, Stockholm, Taipei, Wellington, Tokyo, Hong Kong, Geneva, and USUN.


Document 150: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Korea

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/6–156. Secret; Priority. Drafted by Nes and approved by Hemmendinger. Repeated to Tokyo.


Document 151: Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, June 4, 1956

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/6–456. Confidential. Drafted by Nes.


Document 152: Circular Telegram From the Department of State to Certain Diplomatic Missions and Consular Offices

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/6–456. Secret. Drafted by Nes; cleared with L, UNP, EUR, and Defense; and approved by Murphy. Sent to Addis Ababa, Ankara, Athens, Bern, Bogota, Brussels, Canberra, The Hague, London, Luxembourg, Manila, Ottawa, Paris, Seoul, Stockholm, Taipei, Wellington, Tokyo, Hong Kong, Geneva, and USUN.


Document 153: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Korea

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/6–556. Secret; Priority. Drafted by Nes and Hemmendinger; approved by Jones; and cleared with WE, UNP, and L/ UNA. Also sent to Bern, Stockholm, London, and Tokyo.


Document 154: Circular Telegram From the Department of State to Certain Diplomatic Missions

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/6–856. Secret. Drafted by Nes, approved by Murphy, and cleared by Robertson and with UNP, EUR, and L/UNA. Sent to London, Seoul, Paris, Bern, Stockholm, Ottawa, Canberra, Wellington, The Hague, and Tokyo.


Document 155: Memorandum From the Officer in Charge of Economic Affairs in the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (Ockey) to the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Economic Affairs (Jones)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.5–MSP/6–856. Secret. Drafted by Smith of NA.


Document 156: Memorandum From Charles Runyon of the Office of the Assistant Legal Adviser for United Nations Affairs to the Director of the Office of United Nations Political and Security Affairs (Bond)

Source: Department of State, UNP Files: Lot 64 D 167, Gen Corresp. Secret.


Document 157: Letter From the Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs (Murphy) to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Gray)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/6–1556. Secret. Drafted by Norred and cleared with L/UNA, UNP, and EUR.


Document 158: Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, June 26, 1956

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/6–2656. Secret. Drafted by Bennett.


Document 159: Editorial Note


Document 160: Memorandum of a Conversation Between the Counselor of the British Embassy (de la Mare) and the Acting Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (Parsons), Department of State, Washington, July 3, 1956

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.5621/7–356. Confidential. Drafted by Nes.


Document 161: Memorandum From the Officer in Charge of Korean Affairs (Nes) to the Deputy Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (Parsons)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.95/6–2956. Secret. Drafted by Barbis and Nes.


Document 162: Progress Report Prepared by the Operations Coordinating Board

Source: Department of State, S/S–NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5514 Series. Top Secret. Prepared by an OCB working group composed of representatives of the Departments of State and Defense, ICA, USIA, [less than 1 line of text not declassified], and the Department of the Treasury. A covering note attached to the Report indicates that it was approved by the OCB on July 18 for transmittal to the NSC. A two-page Financial Annex is not printed.


Document 163: Letter From the Acting Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (Parsons) to the Counselor of Embassy in Korea (Strom)

Source: Department of State, NA Files: Lot 58 D 643, KP–3.1 U.S.-Korea Political 1955–1956. Secret; Official–Informal.


Document 164: Editorial Note


Document 165: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson) to the Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs (Murphy)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.56/8–2256. Secret. Drafted by Norred and concurred in by L, EUR, and IO.


Document 166: Letter From the Ambassador in Korea (Dowling) to the Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (Hemmendinger)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795b.12/9–356. Secret; Official–Informal.


Document 167: Memorandum From the Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (Hemmendinger) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson)

Source: Department of State, NA Files: Lot 59 D 476, NA Top Secret File. Secret. Drafted by Nes.


Document 168: Memorandum for the Record of a Meeting, Washington, September 11, 1956

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/9–1156. Secret. Drafted by Nes on September 14 and initialed as accurate by Robertson.


Document 169: Memorandum of Discussion at the 297th Meeting of the National Security Council, Washington, September 20, 1956

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, NSC Records. Top Secret. Drafted by Gleason.


Document 170: Memorandum From the Officer in Charge of Korean Affairs (Nes) to the Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (Parsons)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795b.5/10–156. Secret.


Document 171: Memorandum From the Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (Parsons) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.56/10–356. Secret. Drafted by Nes. Also sent to Sebald.


Document 172: Memorandum From the Joint Chiefs of Staff to the Secretary of Defense (Wilson)

Source: Department of State, S/P Files: Lot 62 D 1, NSC 5514. Top Secret. Wilson sent this report to the NSC under cover of a memorandum to Executive Secretary Lay. The report was circulated to the NSC under cover of a memorandum from Lay, October 12. Both memoranda are attached but not printed.


Document 173: Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.5/10–1256. Top Secret; Priority; No Distribution Outside Department.


Document 174: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson) to the Director of the Policy Planning Staff (Bowie)

Source: Department of State, S/P Files: Lot 62 D 1, Korea, US Objectives and Courses of Action (NSC 5514). Top Secret. Drafted by Nes and cleared with L, UNP, and EUR.


Document 175: Memorandum on the Substance of Discussion at the Department of State–Joint Chiefs of Staff Meeting, Washington, October 19, 1956, 3:30 p.m.

Source: Department of State, State–JCS Meetings: Lot 61 D 417. Top Secret. A note on the title page reads: “State Draft. Not cleared with Defense.”


Document 176: Memorandum From the Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (Parsons) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson)

Source: Department of State, NA Files: Lot 59 D 476, NA Top Secret File. Top Secret. Drafted by Nes.


Document 177: Editorial Note


Document 178: Memorandum From the Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (Parsons) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/11–156. Secret. Drafted by Nes.


Document 179: Memorandum From the Secretary of Defense (Wilson) to the Executive Secretary of the National Security Council (Lay)

Source: Department of State, S/P Files: Lot 62 D 1, NSC 5514. Top Secret. Circulated to the NSC under cover of a memorandum by Lay, November 6.


Document 180: Letter From the Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (Parsons) to the Ambassador in Korea (Dowling)

Source: Department of State, Seoul Embassy Files: Lot 64 F 22. Top Secret; Official–Informal.


Document 181: Memorandum From the Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (Parsons) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.5/11–756. Secret. Drafted by Nes and concurred in by UNP, L/UNA, EUR, and FE.


Document 182: Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 684A.86/11–1456. Secret; Priority.


Document 183: Memorandum of Discussion at the 304th Meeting of the National Security Council, Washington, November 15, 1956

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, NSC Records. Top Secret. Drafted by Gleason on November 16.


Document 184: Memorandum From the Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (Parsons) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/11–2056. Secret. Drafted by Norred and cleared with UNP, L/UNA, EUR, and FE.


Document 185: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson) to the Acting Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, S/P Files: Lot 62 D 1, Korea, U.S. Objectives and Courses of Action (NSC 5514). Top Secret. Drafted by Nes and Norred and cleared with Jones and Sebald. Hoover was serving as Acting Secretary during Secretary Dulles’ convalescence from surgery. Dulles remained in Walter Reed Hospital until November 18, after which he convalesced in Key West, Florida, until December 2.


Document 186: Letter From President Eisenhower to President Rhee

Source: Department of State, Presidential Correspondence: Lot 66 D 204, Eisenhower/Dulles Correspondence with Rhee. Confidential. The text of this letter was sent to Seoul in telegram 376, November 23, for delivery to President Rhee. The telegram indicated that the signed original would follow by pouch. Ambassador Dowling reported in telegram 513, November 27, that he had delivered the letter to President Rhee that morning, and that Rhee, after reading the letter, commented that he supported the policy outlined in the message but remained skeptical that Soviet leaders were capable of responding to moral forces. Copies of both telegrams are ibid.


Document 187: Memorandum of a Conversation, Washington, November 28, 1956

Source: Department of State, NA Files: Lot 59 D 407, Problems of Para. 13d of Armistice Agreement 1956. Secret. Drafted by Runyon. A memorandum for the files of this conversation was also prepared on November 28 by Monroe Leigh. According to Leigh’s memorandum, “Mr. Phleger stated that he had no legal objection to including the 240 mm [sic] cannon and the Honest John in the list of modern weapons to be introduced into Korea. He thought the question was purely one of policy determination.” (Washington National Records Center, OASD/ISA Files: FRC 60 A 1339, 388.3 Korea)


Document 188: Memorandum From the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Sebald) to the Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs (Murphy)

Source: Department of State, NA Files: Lot 59 D 407, Problems of Para. 13d of Armistice Agreement 1956. Secret. Drafted by Norred and Nes and cleared with IO, EUR, and L.


Document 189: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Gray) to the Secretary of Defense (Wilson)

Source: Washington National Records Center, OASD/ISA Files: FRC 60 B 1339, 400 Korea. Top Secret.


Document 190: Letter From the Ambassador in Korea (Dowling) to the Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (Parsons)

Source: Department of State, Seoul Embassy Files: Lot 64 F 22. Top Secret; Official–Informal.


Document 191: Memorandum From the Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (Parsons) to the Acting Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Sebald)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/12–1856. Top Secret. Drafted by Nes and Parsons.


Document 192: Memorandum of a Conversation, Seoul, December 18, 1956

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/12–1856. Secret. Drafted by Weil.


Document 193: Memorandum From the Joint Chiefs of Staff to the Secretary of Defense (Wilson)

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 218, JCS Records, CCS 383.21 Korea (3–19–45)(2). Top Secret. A covering note, of the same date, from the Secretary to the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General R. D. Wentworth, indicates that this memorandum was derived from JCS 1776/566, “Report by the Joint Strategic Plans Committee to the Joint Chiefs of Staff on U.S. Objectives and Courses of Action in Korea,” December 26, a copy of which was attached to the source text but is not printed.


Document 194: Editorial Note


Document 195: Letter From the Secretary of State to the Secretary of Defense (Wilson)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/1–1057. Secret.


Document 196: National Security Council Report

Source: Department of State, S/S–NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5702 Series. Top Secret. Copies were sent to the Secretary of the Treasury, the Special Assistant to the President for Disarmament, the Director of the Bureau of the Budget, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Director of Central Intelligence.


Document 197: Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, January 17, 1957

Source: Department of State, FE Files: Lot 59 D 19, MC–Koreans 1957. Confidential. Drafted by Weintraub.


Document 198: Record of a Meeting, Department of State, Washington, January 18, 1957, 3 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 711.5611/1–1857. Secret. Drafted by Parsons on January 23 and initialed by Robertson as correct. The source text indicates the meeting took place in Secretary Dulles’ office.


Document 199: Memorandum From the Joint Chiefs of Staff to the Secretary of Defense (Wilson)

Source: Department of State, S/S–NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5702 Series. Top Secret. Circulated to the NSC on January 30 under cover of a note from Executive Secretary Lay, as background for the NSC meeting of January 31.


Document 200: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, S/S–NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5702 Series. Top Secret. Drafted by Nes and Norred and approved by Sebald.


Document 201: Memorandum of Discussion at the 311th Meeting of the National Security Council, Washington, January 31, 1957

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, NSC Records. Top Secret; Eyes Only. Drafted by Gleason on February 1.


Document 202: Memorandum From the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs (Walmsley) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Policy Planning (Bowie)

Source: Department of State, S/P Files: Lot 62 D 1, US Policy Toward Korea (NSC 5702, 5702/1, 5702/2). Top Secret.


Document 203: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Policy Planning (Bowie)

Source: Department of State, S/P Files: Lot 62 D 1, US Policy Toward Korea (NSC 5702, 5702/1, 5702/2). Top Secret. Drafted by Nes and Parsons.


Document 204: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson) to the Under Secretary of State (Herter)

Source: Department of State, OCB Files: Lot 62 D 430, Korea–1953 to Date. Top Secret. Drafted by Nes and Barbis.


Document 205: Memorandum From the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Sebald) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Policy Planning (Bowie)

Source: Department of State, S/P Files: Lot 62 D 1, US Policy Toward Korea (NSC 5702, 5702/1, 5702/2). Top Secret. Drafted by Nes and cleared in draft with IO and L.


Document 206: Memorandum From the President’s Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Cutler) to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Sprague)

Source: Department of State, S/P Files: Lot 62 D 1, US Policy Toward Korea (NSC 5702, 5702/1, 5702/2). Top Secret.


Document 207: Memorandum From the Executive Secretary of the National Security Council (Lay) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, S/P Files: Lot 62 D 1, Korea, US Policy Toward (NSC 5702, 5702/1, 5702/2). Top Secret; Eyes Only. Also sent to the Secretary of Defense, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Director of Central Intelligence.


Document 208: Memorandum of a Conversation Between the Counselor of the British Embassy (de la Mare) and the Acting Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Sebald), Department of State, Washington, March 29, 1957

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/3–2957. Secret. Drafted by Parsons.


Document 209: Memorandum to the President’s Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Cutler)

Source: Department of State, S/P Files: Lot 62 D 1, Korea, US Policy Toward (NSC 5702, 5702/1, 5702/2). Secret. Drafted by Leonhart of S/P.


Document 210: Memorandum From the Joint Chiefs of Staff to the Secretary of Defense (Wilson)

Source: Department of State, S/S–NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5702 Series. Secret. Circulated to the NSC on April 2, under cover of a memorandum from Lay. (Ibid.)


Document 211: Memorandum From the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Sebald) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, S/S–NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5702 Series. Top Secret. Drafted by Nes and cleared with L, IO, and EUR.


Document 212: Memorandum of Discussion at the 318th Meeting of the National Security Council, Washington, April 4, 1957

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, NSC Records. Top Secret; Eyes Only. Drafted by Gleason on April 5.


Document 213: Record of a Meeting, Department of State, Washington, April 23, 1957, 3:30 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 785.00/4–2357. Secret. Drafted on April 25 by Nes and initialed as accurate by Robertson.


Document 214: Memorandum From the Deputy Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (Ockey) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 711.5611/4–3057. Secret. Drafted by Nes and cleared in draft with EUR, IO, S/P, and FE.


Document 215: Editorial Note


Document 216: Record of a Meeting, Department of State, Washington, May 16, 1957

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/5–1657. Secret. Drafted by Nes.


Document 217: Memorandum From the NSC Planning Board Assistant on the Policy Planning Staff (Leonhart) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Policy Planning (Bowie)

Source: Department of State, S/P Files: Lot 62 D 1, Korea, US Policy Toward (NSC 5702, 5702/1, 5702/2). Secret.


Document 218: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/6–557. Secret. Drafted by Nes and cleared with L, EUR, IO, and FE.


Document 219: Memorandum From the NSC Planning Board Assistant on the Policy Planning Staff (Leonhart) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Policy Planning (Bowie)

Source: Department of State, S/P Files: Lot 62 D 1, Korea, US Policy Toward (NSC 5702, 5702/1, 5702/2). Secret.


Document 220: Memorandum From the Secretary of State’s Special Assistant (Macomber) to the Director of the Executive Secretariat (Howe)

Source: Department of State, S/P Files: Lot 62 D 1, Korea, US Policy Toward (NSC 5702, 5702/1, 5702/2). Secret.


Document 221: Memorandum of Discussion at the 326th Meeting of the National Security Council, Washington, June 13, 1957

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, NSC Records. Top Secret; Eyes Only. Drafted by Gleason on June 14.


Document 222: Record of a Meeting, Department of State, Washington, June 17, 1957, 4 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/6–1757. Secret. Drafted by Nes.


Document 223: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Korea


Document 224: Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/6–2157. Secret; Priority. Repeated to Tokyo with instructions to pass to CINCUNC.


Document 225: Editorial Note


Document 226: Letter From the Ambassador in Korea (Dowling) to the Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (Parsons)

Source: Department of State, Seoul Embassy Files: Lot 62 F 69, 350–Korea 1957. Secret; Official–Informal.


Document 227: Letter From President Rhee to President Eisenhower

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, International File. No classification marking.


Document 228: Memorandum From the Secretary of the Army (Brucker) to the Secretary of Defense (Wilson)

Source: Washington National Records Center, OASD/ISA Files: FRC 61 A 1672, 471.6 Korea. Secret. A note on the source text indicates that the memorandum was seen by Assistant Secretary of Defense Sprague.


Document 229: Telegram From the Commander in Chief, United Nations Command (Lemnitzer) to the Department of the Army

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 218, JCS Records, CCS 383.21 Korea (3–19–45)(2). Secret; Priority. Repeated to CINCPAC, Ambassador Dowling in Seoul, and Ambassador MacArthur in Tokyo.


Document 230: Memorandum From the Joint Chiefs of Staff to the Secretary of Defense (Wilson)

Source: Washington National Records Center, OASD/ISA Files: FRC 61 B 1672, 471.6 Korea. Top Secret. A covering note to Admiral Radford from General Wentworth, Secretary to the JCS, attached to a copy of this memorandum, indicates that it was derived from JCS 1776/578, “Introduction of 280mm Gun and Honest John into Korea.” (National Archives and Records Administration, RG 218, JCS Records, CCS 383.21 Korea (3–19–45)(2); JCS 1776/578 attached thereto)


Document 231: Letter From President Eisenhower to President Rhee

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, International File. Confidential; Priority; Presidential Handling. Transmitted in telegram 67 to Seoul, July 20, which is the source text. Telegram 67 was drafted by R.L. Burns of S/S and cleared in the White House by Goodpaster. The first paragraph of telegram 67 notes that the letter is a reply to Rhee’s letters of June 19 and 24; see Document 227 and footnote 2 thereto.


Document 232: Memorandum of a Conference With the President, Washington, July 23, 1957, 11 a.m.

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, Eisenhower Diaries, Memoranda of Conversation with the President, January–July 1957. Secret. Drafted by Goodpaster on July 25.


Document 233: Telegram From the Commander in Chief, United Nations Command (Decker) to the Department of the Army

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 218, JCS Records, CCS 383.21 Korea (3–19–45)(2). Secret; Priority. Repeated to CINCPAC, CINCUSAR-PAC, CGUSARJ/UNCEA, and Ambassador Dowling in Seoul.


Document 234: Memorandum From the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Jones) to the Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs (Murphy)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/7–2457. Confidential. Drafted by Barbis.


Document 235: Memorandum of a Conversation Between the Korean Ambassador (Yang) and the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson), Department of State, Washington, July 26, 1957

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.5/7–2657. Confidential. Drafted by Parsons.


Document 236: Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/7–2957. Unclassified.


Document 237: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Korea

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/7–2657. Confidential. Drafted by Barbis, approved by Robertson, and cleared with FE and the Department of Defense.


Document 238: Letter From President Rhee to President Eisenhower

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, International File. No classification marking.


Document 239: Memorandum of Discussion at the 334th Meeting of the National Security Council, Washington, August 8, 1957

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, NSC Records. Top Secret; Eyes Only. Drafted by Gleason on August 9.


Document 240: National Security Council Report

Source: Department of State, S/S–NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5702 Series. Top Secret. Copies were sent to the Secretary of the Treasury, the Director of the Bureau of the Budget, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Director of Central Intelligence.


Document 241: Memorandum on the Substance of Discussions at the Department of State-Joint Chiefs of Staff Meeting, Washington, August 9, 1957, 11:30 a.m.

Source: Department of State, State–JCS Meetings: Lot 61 D 417. Top Secret. Drafted by Richard B. Finn, Special Assistant to the Deputy Under Secretary for Political Affairs.


Document 242: Telegram From the Commander in Chief, United Nations Command (Decker) to the Department of the Army

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.5/8–1057. Secret. Sent to the Department of State through the Department of the Army as the executive agent and repeated to Assistant Secretary of Defense Sprague, CINCPAC, CINCUSARPAC, CG USARJ/UNCEA Japan, and the Embassy in Seoul. The source text is the Department of State copy.


Document 243: Letter From President Eisenhower to President Rhee

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, International File. Confidential; Priority; Presidential Handling. Transmitted in telegram 183 to Seoul, August 24, which is the source text. Telegram 183 was drafted in S/S and cleared by the President.


Document 244: Letter From the Ambassador in Korea (Dowling) to the Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (Parsons)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.95b/9–557. Confidential; Official–Informal.


Document 245: Memorandum From the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Jones) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson)

Source: Department of State, FE Files: Lot 65 D 497, FE 2500–3100. Top Secret.


Document 246: Memorandum of a Telephone Conversation Between the Secretary of State and the Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs (Murphy), Washington, September 14, 1957, 10:46 a.m.

Source: Eisenhower Library, Dulles Papers, General Telephone Conversations. No classification marking. Prepared by Carolyn J. Proctor of the Secretary’s staff.


Document 247: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Korea

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/9–657. Secret; Limit Distribution. Drafted by Assistant Secretary of Defense Harr and cleared by Jones, Palmer, Ockey, and Nes in FE, and in draft by Irwin, Quarles, Secretary Dulles, and President Eisenhower. Also sent to CINCUNC and repeated to CINCPAC for POLAD.


Document 248: Telegram From the Embassy in Japan to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 110.12–HE/9–1857. Secret; Priority; Limited Distribution.


Document 249: Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, September 21, 1957, 11 a.m.

Source: Department of State, FE Files: Lot 59 D 19, MC–Koreans 1957. Confidential. Drafted by Ockey on October 2.


Document 250: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Korea

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/10–1157. Secret; Limit Distribution; No Distribution Outside Department. Drafted by Gregory Henderson of NA and approved by Jones.


Document 251: Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/10–2457. Secret; Limit Distribution; No Distribution Outside Department.


Document 252: Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.5–MSP/10–3057. Confidential.


Document 253: Telegram From the Commander in Chief, United Nations Command (Decker) to the Department of the Army

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/11–657. Secret. Sent through the Department of the Army as the Executive Agent to the Department of State and to OSD/ISA and repeated to CINCPAC, CINCUSARPAC, CINCPACAF, and the Embassy in Seoul. The source text is the Department of State copy.


Document 254: Editorial Note


Document 255: Memorandum From the Under Secretary of State (Herter) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.5/11–2257. Secret.


Document 256: Memorandum From the Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (Parsons) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/11–2557. Secret. Drafted by Barbis.


Document 257: Telegram From the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Sprague) to the Commander in Chief, United Nations Command (Decker)

Source: Department of Defense Files. Secret; Noforn. Also sent to the Chargé in Seoul and repeated to CINCPAC, CINCUSARPAC, and CINCPACAF.


Document 258: Telegram From the Commander in Chief, United Nations Command (Decker) to the Department of Defense

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/12–1857. Secret; Priority. Sent to the Department of Defense for OSD/ISA and to the Department of State and repeated to the Department of the Army, CINCPAC, USARPAC, and the Embassy in Seoul. The source text is the Department of State copy.


Document 259: Memorandum for the Record by the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Harr)

Source: Washington National Records Center, OASD/ISA Files: FRC 61 B 1672, 320.2 Korea. Top Secret.


Document 260: Telegram From the Acting Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Irwin) to the Commander in Chief, United Nations Command (Decker)

Source: Department of Defense Files. Secret; Priority. Also sent to the Chargé in Seoul and repeated to CINCUNC, CINCUSARPAC, and CINCPACAF.


Document 261: Memorandum From the Deputy Secretary of Defense (Quarles) to the Secretary of the Army (Brucker)

Source: Washington National Records Center, OASD/ISA Files: FRC 61 B 1672, 471.6 Korea. Top Secret.


Document 262: Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795B.5611/12–2757. Secret.


Document 263: Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/12–3057. Secret; Limit Distribution.


Document 264: Telegram From the Commander in Chief, United Nations Command (Decker) to the Department of Defense

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 711.56395B/12–3057. Top Secret; Priority. Originally sent as a CINCREP message and later corrected to CINCUNC message. Sent to the Department of Defense for OSD/ISA and to the Department of State; repeated to Department of the Army, CINCPAC, and CINCUSARPAC; and passed to the Embassy in Seoul.


Document 265: Letter From the Chargé in Korea (Weil) to the Ambassador to Korea (Dowling)

Source: Department of State, NA Files: Lot 60 D 680, Reduction of Forces (Korean). Secret; Official–Informal. Ambassador Dowling was in Washington for home leave and consultations.