In July 1992, Slovakia declared itself a sovereign state and began negotiations with the Czech Republic to disband the country that had been Czechoslovakia. Once parliament approved, on January 1, 1993, Slovakia and the Czech Republic became two separate autonomous countries. The United States formally recognized the establishment of Slovakia on that same date. Modern Flag of Slovakia
On January 1, 1993, the U.S. formally recognized both the Slovak and Czech Republic as separate, sovereign states. A public statement was made indicating that an ambassador to the Slovak Republic would be appointed shortly thereafter.
Diplomatic relations and the U.S. Embassy in Bratislava were established on January 4, 1993, with the appointment of Paul Hacker as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim. The first U.S. Ambassador to Slovakia, Theodore E. Russell, presented his credentials on November 22, 1993.