Prior to 1971, the United States had a very limited relationship with what is today the State of Qatar. Relations became more regular following Qatar’s independence after years as a British protectorate.
Modern Flag of Qatar
The United States recognized the State of Qatar on September 5, 1971, when the Department of State made an announcement to that effect. Qatar had previously been a protectorate under Great Britain, declaring independence on September 3, 1971, following the termination date of treaties with Great Britain.
Diplomatic relations were established on March 19, 1972, when American Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary William A. Stoltzfus, Jr. presented his credentials to the government of the State of Qatar. Stoltzfus was also accredited to a number of other Persian Gulf states and he resided in Kuwait.
The United States Embassy in Doha was established on February 24, 1973 under Chargé d’ Affaires ad interim John T. Wheelock. Robert P. Paganelli was the first resident Ambassador to Qatar, presenting his credentials to the State of Qatar on August 22, 1974.