Index

References are to document numbers

  • Abernethy, John, 35
  • Abram, Morris, 294
  • Acheson, Dean G., 12, 177, 203
  • Achilles, Theodore, 14
  • Adams, Theo C., 369
  • Adebo, S. O., 225
  • Aden, 255
  • Adenauer, Konrad, 196
  • Adoula, Cyrille, 224, 226
  • Aga Khan, Prince Sadruddin, 309, 310, 316
  • Agency for International Development (AID), 353
    • Coordination of military and economic assistance, 75
    • Establishment of, 69, 72
  • Aiken, George D., 291
  • Air Force, U.S., 90, 106
  • Akalovsky, Alexander, 452
  • Algard, Ole, 201
  • Algeria, 177
  • Algerian refugees in Morocco and Tunisia, 318
  • Alien intelligence issue, 383
  • Alliance for Progress, 113
  • Allott, Gordon, 251
  • Alphand, Herve, 207
  • Alsop, Joseph, 91
  • Amadeo, Mario, 294
  • Ambartsumyam, V. A., 401
  • American Association for the United Nations, 196
  • Amory, Robert S, Jr., 7, 13, 97, 104, 140
  • Anderson, Claudia, 362
  • Anderson, Robert, 113
  • Anderson, William O., 179, 212
  • Angola (see also Portuguese territories), 22
  • Anslinger, Harry J., 326, 327, 332, 340, 345
  • Antarctica, 11
    • Commercial carriers, regulations for, 478
    • Consultative Meeting (1961), 451, 454, 455
    • Consultative Meeting (1962), 463, 464
    • Consultative Meeting (1963), preparatory meetings for, 467, 469, 473, 479, 482
    • Coordination of U.S. activities, 453, 455
    • Historic sites, preservation of, 451
    • Implementation of Antarctic Treaty, guidelines for, 452
    • Inspection system:
      • Classified materials issue, 458
      • Exercise of inspection rights issue, 456, 457, 460
      • Inspection of U.S. facilities by other countries, 452
      • Inspection program for 1963–64 season, 466, 468, 480
      • Inspectors, designation of, 470, 472, 480, 483
      • International consultations re, 452
      • Planning for inspections, 465
      • Responsibility for U.S. inspection program, 477
      • Scientific missions used for inspection purposes, 459
      • Subjects for observation in inspections, 476
      • U.S. guidelines re, 452
      • U.S.-Soviet consultations re, 471
    • Internationalization issue, 455, 461, 464
    • Military personnel in, 477
    • Nuclear activities, 452
    • Peaceful use of, 452
    • Ratification of Antarctic Treaty, 450, 451
    • Scientific cooperation, 452
    • Sovereignty claims, 451, 452
    • Soviet objectives in, 462
    • Telecommunications issues, 475
    • U.S. nationals in Antarctica, control of, 474
    • U.S. objectives and courses of action, 462
  • Anti-Semitism, 292, 294
  • Anyaoku, E., 270
  • Argentina, 150, 451, 461, 486
  • Arkadev, Georgy P., 191
  • Armed Forces Radio and Television Service (AFRTS), 122, 128
  • Arms control and disarmament (see also Inspection system under Antarctica; Peaceful uses of outer space), 65
  • Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA) (see also Inspection system under Antarctica), 74, 206, 422
  • Armstrong, Willis C., 285
  • Ash, A. Russell, 85
  • Asiroglu, Vahap, 337
  • Atomic Energy Commission, 349
  • Atzenwiler, L., 345
  • Auden, W. H., 294
  • Australia, 486
  • Antarctica, 451, 455, 461, 464
  • Austria, 133
  • Azores Base Agreement, 203, 217
  • Bacher, Robert F., 416
  • Baker, William O., 81, 82, 87, 91, 107
  • Balkan, Huran, 337, 344
  • Ball, George W., 34, 38, 47, 175, 210, 253, 265, 291, 404
    • Communications satellites, 449
    • “Six-plus-six” territorial sea/fishing zone proposal, 499, 500, 502
    • State Department/Foreign Service organization, 65
    • UN High Commissioner for Refugees program, 312, 317
    • United Nations, 266, 267
      • Aggression, definition of, 198
      • Chinese representation, 204
      • Congo reconciliation, 224
      • Johnson’s meeting with Delegation heads, 289
      • Peacekeeping operations financing, 194, 250
      • Secretary-General appointment following Hammarskjold’s death, 184
      • Thant’s Washington visit, 213, 224
      • U.S. strategy (1962), 216
      • Voting rights of countries in arrears, 218, 268
    • U.S.-Soviet space cooperation, 389, 392, 411
  • Balmer, Brig. Gen. Jesmond, 78
  • Banerji, B. N., 345
  • Barrington, James, 224
  • Barthelemy, Marcel, 451
  • Barton, William H., 236
  • Bates, Charles C., 481
  • Battle, Lucius D., 29, 34, 38, 48, 50, 178, 185, 191, 196, 245, 366, 388, 455
  • Baydar, Mehmet, 333
  • Baydur, Mehmet, 330
  • Bay of Pigs invasion, 13, 24, 87
  • Beam, Jacob D., 460
  • Beckler, David Z., 357
  • Beesley, Eugene N., 332
  • Behrman, Jack N., 63
  • Belgium, 226, 311
  • BeLieu, Kenneth, 356
  • Belk, Samuel E., 214, 255, 263, 269, 276
  • Bell, David E., 4, 7, 37, 59, 63, 67, 75, 104, 148, 359
  • Bell, James D., 163
  • Bell, John G., 20
  • Ben Gurion, David, 207
  • Benhima, Ahmed T., 283
  • Benites, Leopoldo, 252
  • Benjamin, Robert, 196
  • Bennett, Lowell, 146
  • Benton, William, 245
  • Berard, Armand, 181, 187, 207
  • Bergesen, Alf E., 204, 369
  • Berle, Adolph, 12
  • Berlin, 150, 208
  • Bevans, Charles I., 327, 333, 334, 335, 341
  • Bianchi, Manuel, 451
  • Bilder, Richard, 474, 476
  • Bindzi, Benoit, 286, 290
  • Bingham, Jonathan B., 207, 299
  • Birgfeld, Clarence E., 437
  • Bissell, Richard M., 97
  • Black, Eugene, 194, 196, 233, 240, 244
  • Blagonravov, Anatoliy A., 358, 390, 391, 392, 396, 397, 398, 399, 400, 402, 404
  • Blake, Robert O., 201
  • Blaksted, Bjorn, 451
  • Blumenthal, W. Michael, 433, 435
  • Bohlen, Charles E., 134, 145
  • Bokaro steel plant, 148
  • Boland, Frederick H., 162, 168, 184, 187, 201
  • Bonsal, Philip D., 40
  • Boone, Adm. W. F., 378
  • Bowles, Chester, 10, 1, 341, 38, 124, 148, 486
    • Antarctica, 453
    • Information policy:
      • Nuclear test ban issue, 125
      • Public relations efforts, 119
    • “Six-plus-six” territorial sea/fishing zone proposal, 490, 491
    • Space program, 360, 361, 363
    • State Department/Foreign Service organization:
      • Administrative operations, improvements in, 34
      • Ambassadors’ leadership and supervisory responsibilities, 33, 40
      • Communication gaps between State and field posts, 40
      • Deputy Under Secretary for Political Affairs position, 28
      • Foreign Relations series, publication of, 41
      • Kennedy-oriented personnel, need for, 34, 35
      • Marginal posts, closing of, 27
      • Negroes, recruitment of, 44
      • Personnel policies, 40, 44
      • Regional operations conferences for Ambassadors, 32, 40
      • Reorganization program, 30, 55
      • Role in State Department, 34, 43, 47
      • Staff reductions, 40
      • United Nations, 166, 170, 172, 182
      • White House and interdepartmental coordination, 2, 17
  • Braddock, Daniel M., 496
  • Bradley, Gene E., 3
  • Brady, Leslie S., 138, 146, 153, 154, 155, 157
  • Brazil, 486
  • Brazzaville Group, 166, 178, 181
  • Briggs, Ellis, 40, 66
  • Briggs, Frank P., 494
  • British Guiana, 247
  • Bronk, Detlev W., 348, 350, 357
  • Brooke, Edgar D., 121, 129
  • Brown, Harold, 353, 367
  • Brown, Richard R., 311, 313, 314, 317, 318
  • Brubeck, William H., 52, 54, 65, 178, 179, 214, 216, 245, 247, 251, 255, 264, 468, 499
  • Bruce, David K. E., 199, 200, 203, 338, 440
  • Buckley, John L., 481, 483
  • Bueno, Carlos, 288
  • Buffum, William B., 168, 178, 181, 190, 200, 215, 230, 261, 265, 268, 277, 278, 291, 309, 365, 431
  • Bugayev, Victor A., 396, 397
  • Bunce, W. Kenneth, 146
  • Bunche, Ralph J., 191, 229, 235, 248, 284
  • Bundy, Frederic O., 121, 123
  • Bundy, McGeorge, 17, 30, 38, 50, 53, 62, 82, 89, 93, 102, 112, 119, 120, 121, 123, 127, 134, 144, 148, 178, 179, 185, 194, 203, 210, 216, 232, 233, 235, 246, 251, 255, 256, 262, 263, 269, 359, 366, 391, 401, 404, 408, 468, 480
    • Agency for International Development, 75
    • Antarctica, 455
    • Communications satellites, 434, 436, 438, 444, 446
    • Information policy:
      • Arms control and disarmament issues, research on, 147
      • Broadcasting operations, 128
      • Economic information, 132
      • Opinion collection and analysis, 147
      • “Peaceful coexistence” countertheme, 124, 126
    • Intelligence policy:
      • CIA-Defense friction, 106
      • Coordination and guidance responsibilities of DCI, 97, 103
      • McCone’s appointment as DCI, 91
      • National Reconnaissance Program, 106
      • President and NSC members, intelligence briefings for, 100
      • President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, 109
    • International science issues, 353
    • National Security Council:
      • Eisenhower’s criticisms of Kennedy’s approach to, 21
      • Function and operation, 4, 7
      • Operations Coordinating Board, 3
      • Reorganization program, 1, 16, 23, 25
      • Transition of administrations, 3
      • Working groups on specific regions and countries, 10, 11
    • Peaceful uses of outer space, 211, 415, 418, 423, 425
    • Space program, 357, 364, 372, 380, 385
    • State Department/Foreign Service organization:
      • Bowles’ role in State Department, 43
      • Deputy Under Secretary for Political Affairs position, 28
      • Duty officers and stand-by officers, 48
      • Executive responsibilities within State Department, 60
      • Kennedy’s meeting with policy officers, 52
    • United Nations, 173, 175, 188, 191, 196, 211, 214, 245, 247, 266, 267, 276
    • U.S.-Soviet space cooperation, 388, 392, 393, 395, 405, 407, 409
    • White House and interdepartmental coordination:
      • Crises, systematic planning for, 6, 7, 12
      • Decision-making process in Executive branch, 24
      • Kennedy’s schedule for briefings, 13
      • Planning tasks, 25
      • Transition of administrations, 3
  • Bundy, William P., 30, 62, 379
  • Bunker, Ellsworth, 62, 207, 210, 224, 248
  • Burden, William A., 357
  • Burdett, William C., 277, 278
  • Bureau of the Budget, 30, 51, 54, 59, 66, 78, 86, 87, 104, 192, 384
  • Burgess, Warren R., 3
  • Burleson, Omar, 194
  • Burnett, F.W., 396, 397
  • Burnham, L.F.S., 247
  • Bushong, Jac H., 486
  • Butler, Herbert I., 396
  • Butler, R. A., 255
  • Butterworth, W. Walton, 503
  • Byrd, Sen., 461
  • Cabell, Gen. Charles P., 90, 95
  • Cabot, John M., 379
  • Cadieux, Marcel, 285, 492, 496
  • Cambodia, 224
  • Cambridge, S. J. G., 286, 289
  • Cameron, Warde L., 437
  • Campbell, A. H., 171, 283
  • Canada, 236, 285, 320
  • Caprio, Gene F., 181
  • Cargo, William I., 358
  • Carlson, Delmar R., 207, 499
  • Carroll, Lt. Gen. Joseph F., 89, 104, 110
  • Carter, Gil, 435
  • Carter, Lt. Gen. Marshall S., 103, 104, 106, 111, 420
  • Carter, William G., 448, 449
  • Celikbas, Fethi, 337
  • Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) (see also Intelligence policy), 80
    • Antarctica, 462
    • U.S.-Soviet space cooperation, 401, 407
  • Chamber of Commerce, U.S., 196
  • Chapman, Daniel A., 345
  • Charyk, Joseph V., 90, 101, 110, 421, 448
  • Chayes, Abram, 35, 38, 125, 215, 220, 265, 277, 291, 295, 303, 304, 363, 448, 449, 495, 496, 499
  • Ch’en Ch’eng, 177, 179, 181
  • Chenard, Jean, 311
  • Chetmantshev, Dr., 402
  • Chiang Kai-shek, 177, 179, 211
  • Children’s rights, 297
  • Chile, 150, 451, 461
  • China, People’s Republic of (see also Chinese representation under United Nations), 307
    • Book distribution abroad, 133
    • European refugees, removal from, 322
    • Kennedy’s European trip, reaction to, 150
  • China, Republic of (see also Chinese representation under United Nations), 150
    • Mauritania/Outer Mongolia UN admission, 166, 167
    • Narcotics control, 328, 340, 345
    • Quemoy and Matsu, U.S. policy toward, 211
    • UN High Commissioner for Refugees program, 314, 318
  • Chinese refugees in Hong Kong and Macau, 314, 318
  • Church, Frank, 194, 245
  • Churchill, Winston S., 52
  • Civil disobedience, 302
  • Clark, Kenneth, 44
  • Cleveland, Harlan M., 35, 45, 167, 168, 189, 203, 208, 221, 222, 232, 248, 254, 268, 277, 278, 289, 294, 334, 353, 404, 409, 435, 449, 456, 464
    • Antarctica, 461, 463, 465, 480
      • Consultative Meeting (1961), 454
      • Coordination of U.S. activities, 453
      • Inspection system, 477
    • Communications satellites, 439, 448
    • France, U.S. relations with, 207
    • Human rights, 258, 265, 282, 297, 299, 302, 303, 304, 305, 307
    • Narcotics control, 335
    • Peaceful uses of outer space, 177, 193, 211, 282, 427
    • Space program, 365
    • UN High Commissioner for Refugees program, 310, 319, 323
    • United Nations:
      • African development issue, 177
      • Arms control and disarmament, 177, 193, 265
      • Chinese representation, 169, 172, 193, 199, 200, 205, 230, 251, 265, 274
      • Colonialism, 170, 193, 197, 265, 282
      • Congo military training program, 251
      • Congo peacekeeping operation, 265, 266
      • Decade of Development initiative, 193
      • Development Authority, 177
      • Economic and Social Council, 176
      • Enlargement of councils, 220, 265, 266, 282, 291
      • Financing and management of operations, 170, 193, 282
      • General Assembly presidency (1961), 164, 182
      • Health initiatives, 282
      • Hungary, 251, 265
      • Johnson’s policy on UN affairs, 281
      • Kashmir issue, 207
      • Kennedy’s briefings on UN developments, 202
      • Korean issues, 265
      • Kuwait admission, 251
      • Mauritania/Outer Mongolia admission package, 166
      • 1960–61 round, 169
      • NSC meeting on, 207, 210, 211
      • Opening date of 19th General Assembly, 282
      • Palestine refugees issue, 224, 226
      • Peaceful uses of outer space, 177, 193, 211, 282
      • Peacekeeping operations, 170, 206, 207, 282
      • Peacekeeping operations financing, 169, 207, 217, 238, 241, 242, 251, 253, 282
      • Portuguese territories, 282
      • Regional approach to security, 170
      • Rich vs. poor conflict in, 282
      • Ruanda-Urundi issue, 207
      • Secretariat personnel, 207
      • Secretary-General appointment following Hammarskjold’s death, 182, 190, 193
      • South Africa issue, 282
      • Southern Rhodesia, 207, 226, 251
      • Southwest Africa, 282
      • Soviet attitude toward, 210
      • Thant’s Washington visit, 213, 224
      • Tibet, 265
      • Trade discussions and debates, 282
      • Tripartite Secretary-General proposal, 169
      • Under Secretaries, appointment of, 190
      • U.S. consultation with other countries, program for, 169
      • U.S. delegation to General Assembly (1962), 207
      • U.S.-Soviet bilateral discussion of 17th General Assembly, proposed, 212
      • U.S. strategy (1961), 169, 174, 177
      • U.S. strategy (1962), 217
      • U.S. strategy (1963), 265, 266
      • U.S. use of UN, situations appropriate for, 175
      • Voting rights of countries in arrears, 265
      • West New Guinea issue, 207
    • U.S.-Soviet space cooperation, 411
  • Clifford, Clark M., 1, 3, 87, 107
  • Clifton, Gen. Ted, 13, 100
  • Cline, Ray S., 104, 401, 407
  • Cody, Morrill, 146
  • Coerr, Wymberley DeR., 29, 360
  • Cohn, Aline, 310, 312
  • Colmar, Jacques, 320
  • Colonialism. See under United Nations.
  • Commerce Department, U.S., 46, 59, 61, 63
  • Committee on Foreign Affairs Personnel, 58
  • Common Market, 133, 145, 149
  • Communications satellites, 376
    • Communications with foreign leaders during emergency conditions, 434
    • Direct broadcasting from satellites, 447
    • European cooperation re, 440, 441, 443, 449
    • Global satellite communication system, 433, 435
    • Intergovernmental agency for satellite communication, 448
    • Latin American communications facilities, 437, 442
    • National Communications System, 438, 442, 444, 446
    • National Communications Systems Working Group, 436
    • National Military Command System, 434, 445
    • NSC Subcommittee on Communications Satellites, 433
    • State Department office responsible for, 439
  • Congo (see also Congo subheadings under United Nations), 203, 211
  • Congress, U.S.:
    • Agency for International Development, 69
    • Antarctica, 461, 466, 468
    • Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, 74
    • Law of the Sea, 485
    • National security staffing and operations, 77
    • NSC reorganization program, 1, 23
    • Peace Corps, 70
    • UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 245
    • United Nations:
  • Coombs, Philip, 30, 35, 119, 120
  • Coote, Robert K., 453
  • Cordier, Andrew W., 168
  • Correa da Costa, Sergio, 283
  • Coulibaly, Sori, 247
  • Cousins, Norman, 196
  • Cowles, Gardner, 407
  • Coyne, J. Patrick, 78, 81, 82, 87
  • Crises, systematic planning for, 6, 7, 9, 12, 14, 18, 22
  • Crockett, William J., 29, 30, 31, 35, 40, 42, 51, 62, 63, 66
  • Crosby, Oliver S., 365, 417
  • Cuba, 133, 150, 226, 307
    • Bay of Pigs invasion, 13, 24, 87
    • Narcotics control, 345
    • UN economic assistance, 282
    • U.S. space vehicle impacts in, 360
  • Cuban missile crisis, 24, 107, 149, 232
  • Cusack, John T., 330, 331, 337, 340, 345
  • Cutler, Lloyd, 448
  • Daddah, Moktar Ould, 273
  • Dadgar, M., 345
  • Daniels, Paul, 470, 471
  • D’Arcy, Jean, 447
  • Darden, Gov., 81
  • Dashner, Lee, 355
  • Davies, David A., 402
  • Davis, Richard H., 152, 268, 275, 394
  • Dawson, Laurence A., 317
  • De Gaulle, Charles, 145, 150, 196, 207, 290
  • Dean, Arthur, 125, 226, 496
  • Dean, John Gunther, 270, 271
  • Dean, Sir Patrick, 187, 203, 223, 231, 283, 284
  • Dean, Philip, 168, 224
  • Defense Department, U.S.:
  • Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), 78, 89, 92
  • Defense of freedom fund, 4
  • Deming, Olcott, 168
  • Denmark, 486
  • Derinsu, Osman, 337
  • Devine, James T., 322
  • Deyine, Sidi Mohamed, 273
  • Diallo, Telli, 286
  • Dick, Jane W., 176, 207
  • Dickinson, Dwight, 270, 271
  • Dier, Orme, 503
  • Dillery, C. Edward, 402
  • Dillon, C. Douglas, 3, 112
  • Dobrynin, Anatoliy, 138
  • Dodd, Thomas J., 461
  • Doolittle, Lt. Gen. James H., 81, 87, 107, 357
  • Dorticos Torrado, Osvaldo, 226
  • Dougherty, Helen E., 333, 335, 341, 343
  • Draper, Gen. William H., Jr., 20
  • Drummond, Roscoe, 210
  • Drumright, Everett F., 179
  • Dryden, Hugh L., 353, 359, 367, 376
    • Space program:
      • Achievements of, 362
      • Booster rockets, 362
      • Competition with Soviet space program, 362
      • Foreign relations opportunities in, 358
      • Funding for, 362
      • Lunar exploration/landing, 362
      • UN Outer Space Committee and Conference, 365
      • Work schedule, 362
    • U.S.-Soviet space cooperation, 358, 389
      • Agreement on cooperative projects, 392, 400
      • Bilateral talks concerning, 390, 391, 392, 396, 397, 398, 399, 404
      • Implementation of agreed program, 402, 404
      • Lunar exploration/landing, 404, 409
      • U.S. commitment to implement agreement, 395
  • Duke, Angier Biddle, 35, 298
  • Dulles, Allen W., 7, 86, 91, 113
    • Ambassadors informed of intelligence activities, 88
    • Clandestine Services, 83, 85
    • Coordination and guidance responsibilities of DCI, 84
    • National Reconnaissance Program, 90
    • Photographic Intelligence Center, 84
    • Reorganization program, 80, 84
    • U.S. Intelligence Board, 84
  • Dulles, John Foster, 37
  • Dumont, Donald, 164, 178
  • Dungan, Ralph A., 3, 60, 62, 196
  • Dunham, Chester G., 326
  • Durant, Capt. W. B., Jr., 453
  • Dutton, Frederick G., 44, 47, 62, 68, 203, 207, 238, 241, 242, 291, 295, 303, 304
  • Dykes, Leonard H., 453, 462, 472
  • Earman, J.S., 97, 100
  • Eastland, James, 207
  • Easum, Donald B., 455
  • Edmundson, Svetlana, 397
  • Egert, Millan L., 68, 354
  • Eisendrath, Craig R., 431, 447
  • Eisenhower, Dwight D., 3, 113
    • Intelligence policy:
      • Clandestine Services, 86
      • Coordination and guidance responsibilities of DCI, 86
      • Photographic Intelligence Center, 84
      • President and NSC members, intelligence briefings for, 105
      • Reorganization program, 78, 79, 80, 81, 84, 86
      • Status and future trends (January 1961), 82
      • U.S. Intelligence Board, 80, 84
      • Wartime intelligence collection, 84
    • National Security Council, criticisms of Kennedy’s approach to, 21
    • Space program, 357, 359
    • UN High Commissioner for Refugees program, 311
    • White House and interdepartmental coordination, 1
  • Elder, Walter, 103
  • Eli Lilly and Company, 332
  • Engle, Clair, 461
  • Erskine, Lt. Col. Graves, 78
  • Essafi, Mohamed, 283
  • European Launcher Development Organization (ELDO), 375
  • European Space Research Organization (ESRO), 375
  • Evans, Allan, 78, 170
  • Evans, Luther, 296
  • Evans, Robert Mayer, 138
  • Evseyev, Peter, 396, 397, 398
  • Faisal, King of Saudi Arabia, 248
  • Falk, Elmer M., 310, 313, 317, 323, 325
  • Fall-out shelters, 86
  • Farley, Philip J., 358, 360, 363, 365, 387
  • Fascell, Dante, 194
  • Fawzi, Mahmoud, 226
  • Fedorenko, Nikolai T., 269, 286, 289, 427
  • Feldman, Myer, 61, 203, 207, 226
  • Fenn, Dan, 62
  • Fennemore, George M., 470, 472
  • Ferguson, C. Vaughn, 220
  • Field, Winston, 247, 251, 255
  • Filippov, Yuri V., 451
  • Finger, Seymour M., 299, 301
  • Finland, 133
  • Fisher, Adrian S., 373, 421
  • Fisher, Wayne W., 451, 455, 456, 457, 458, 459
  • Flores Avendano, Col. Guillermo, 252
  • Flues, A. Gilmore, 327, 328, 329, 330, 331, 334, 335, 337
  • Forced Labor Convention, 300
  • Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, 72
  • Foreign Service organization. See State Department/Foreign Service organization.
  • Foster, Seaborn P., 354
  • Foster, William C., 74, 193, 206, 210, 211, 265, 418, 422, 465, 477, 481
  • France, 22, 133
    • Antarctica, 451, 461
    • Arms control and disarmament issues, public opinion on, 147
    • Communications satellites, 440, 441, 443, 447
    • UN High Commissioner for Refugees program, 309, 322
    • United Nations:
      • Enlargement of councils, 277
      • Mauritania/Outer Mongolia admission, 166
    • U.S. information policy re, 145
    • U.S. relations with, 207
  • Franklin, D. S., 451
  • Frechtling, Louis E., 275
  • Fredericks, J. Wayne, 35, 368
  • Freedom of Association Convention, 295
  • Freedom of Information Declaration, 299
  • Freeman, Orville, 30
  • Freeman, Capt. Rosse E., 221, 278
  • Freund, Richard B., 472
  • Friedman, Richard, 215, 220, 222, 227, 243, 254, 257, 261, 378
  • Frutkin, Arnold W., 365, 378, 390, 394, 396, 397, 399, 404
  • Fubini, Eugene G., 110
  • Fulbright, J. William, 68, 69, 71, 194, 195, 207, 242, 291
  • Fulton, James G., 392
  • Furnas, Howard, 363, 367
  • Galbraith, John Kenneth, 9, 125, 148
  • Galvao, Capt. Henrique, 282
  • Gardner, Richard N., 35, 261, 275, 278, 295, 296, 297, 301, 312, 323, 327, 329, 334, 365, 394, 395, 403, 409, 417, 431, 435, 448, 454, 466, 496
  • Gardner, Trevor, 356
  • Garthoff, Raymond L., 381, 394, 427, 431
  • Gates, Thomas S., Jr., 80, 84
  • Gathright, Wreatham E., 363, 365, 368, 373
  • Geneas, Zachary P., 201, 447
  • Genocide Convention, 295
  • George, W. Lloyd, 88
  • Geris, Ekrem, 337
  • Germany, Federal Republic of, 366, 486
    • Arms control and disarmament, public opinion on, 147
    • Kennedy’s European trip, reaction to, 150
    • United Nations, 196
  • Ghana, 22
  • Gilpatric, Roswell L., 30, 89, 106, 110, 377, 405, 420
    • National Reconnaissance Program, 90
    • “Six-plus-six” territorial sea/fishing zone proposal, 490, 493
  • Gilruth, Robert R., 405
  • Giordano, Henry L., 345
  • Glenn, Col. John, 385, 389
  • Godley, G. McMurtrie, 224
  • Goldbeck, Willis, 151
  • Goldwater, Barry, 461
  • Goodby, James E., 457, 459
  • Goodpaster, Gen. Andrew, 3, 79, 81, 86
  • Goodwin, Harold L., 453
  • Goodwin, Richard, 12, 47
  • Gordon, Kermit, 61, 66, 176, 384
  • Gore, Albert, 207, 251
  • Gray, Gordon, 81, 91, 107, 357
    • Intelligence policy:
      • Budgetary issues, 104
      • Clandestine Services, 83, 86
      • Coordination and guidance responsibilities of DCI, 86, 103, 104
      • Reorganization program, 79, 80, 84, 86
    • National Security Council, 3
    • White House and interdepartmental coordination, 3
    • “The Great Escape” (film), 151
    • Greece, 486
    • Narcotics control, 331, 339, 340, 341, 342
  • Green, Howard C., 492, 501
  • Green, T. C., 338, 343
  • Greenfield, James L., 477
  • Greenhill, Denis A., 259, 260
  • Gromyko, Andrei A., 123, 169, 219, 225, 226, 268, 270, 430
  • Gruening, Ernest, 461
  • Guarco, Anthony, 151
  • Gullion, Edmund A., 206
  • Gursan, Ihsan, 337
  • Guthrie, John C., 275, 278, 394, 427, 481, 483
  • Guyer, Roberto E., 451
  • Hackler, Windsor G., 65
  • Hagen, John P., 365
  • Halaby, Jeeb, 65
  • Halsema, James J., 117
  • Hamilton, Fowler, 72, 75
  • Hamilton, Tom, 210
  • Hammarskjold, Dag, 168, 169, 182, 206
  • Hansen, Kenneth, 62, 67
  • Hanson, J. O., 125, 378
  • Hare, Raymond, 40, 330, 335, 337
  • Harmon, Amb., 207
  • Harriman, W. Averell, 12, 47, 60, 62, 65, 153, 154, 195, 224, 265, 266, 267, 291
  • Harris, Reed, 138, 151
  • Harter, John, 315
  • Hartley, Virginia F., 164, 166, 167, 178, 181, 182, 189, 197, 220, 222, 227, 257, 277
  • Hartman, Arthur A., 498
  • Harvey, Sir Robert, 440
  • Haseganu, Mihail, 231
  • Haskins, Charles A., 357
  • Hawkins, Richard H., Jr., 480, 481, 483
  • Hayta, Cahit, 330, 337
  • Heeney, Arnold D. P., 486, 495, 497, 502
  • Hefner, Frank K., 237, 249, 250, 315, 323
  • Henderson, Loy, 62, 86
  • Hendrick, James P., 340, 341
  • Hennes, Richard V., 360, 361, 363
  • Herrington, William C., 487
  • Herron, Francis W., 369, 378
  • Herter, Christian A., 2, 58, 84
  • Hettinger, Converse, 273
  • Hickenlooper, Bourke B., 291
  • Hill, Col., 437
  • Hilliker, Grant G., 247
  • Hilsman, Roger, Jr., 29, 35, 38, 50, 102, 219, 265
  • Hoare, Sir Samuel, 345
  • Hodges, Luther, 46, 61, 63
  • Hoffman, Paul, 186, 232
  • Holland, Jerome, 44
  • Hollomon, J. Herbert, 353
  • Hollywood Guilds Festival Committee, 151
  • Holmes, Brainerd, 378
  • Home, Lord, 199, 200, 226, 255, 259, 260
  • Hong Kong, 314, 318
  • Hoofnagle, James G., 27
  • Hoover, J. Edgar, 3
  • Hope-Jones, Ronald C., 440
  • Hornig, Donald F., 356, 363, 396, 397
  • Houseman, John, 151
  • Howard, Roy, 177
  • Hubbard, Wharton D., 496, 502
  • Hughes, Thomas, 35
  • Hull, Gen. John E., 81, 82
  • Human rights:
    • Anti-Semitism, 292, 294
    • Children’s rights, seminar on, 297
    • Civil disobedience, 302
    • Covenants on Human Rights, 293
    • Forced Labor Convention, 300
    • Freedom of Association Convention, 295
    • Freedom of Information Declaration, 299
    • Genocide Convention, 295
    • Independent organization rights, 299
    • “Klieg light” approach to, 299
    • Married Women Convention, 295
    • Periodic reporting on, 292, 294
    • Racial Discrimination Declaration, 289, 297, 306
    • Religious freedom, 294
    • Slavery Convention, 295, 300
    • Special Assistant for Human Rights position in State Department, 298
    • Travel Freedom Resolution, 307
    • UN Commissioner for Human Rights position, 301
    • UN discussions re, 177, 263, 265, 266, 282
    • UN enforcement of its human rights requirements, 258
    • UN Human Rights Commission, 258
      • 1961 session, 292
      • 1962 session, 294
    • UN Rapporteur on Human Rights position, 303, 304, 305
    • Universal Declaration of Human Rights anniversary, observance, 296
    • Women’s Rights Convention, 295, 300
  • Humelsine, Carlisle H., 42
  • Humphrey, Hubert H., 62, 74
  • Humphrey, John, 294
  • Hungary, 177
  • Hunter, Maxwell W., II, 383
  • Iceland, 486
  • India, 148, 150
  • Indonesia (see also West New Guinea), 22
  • Information policy:
    • Arms control and disarmament, research on, 125, 130, 147, 149
    • Attribution of USIA media materials, 135
    • Book distribution, 133, 156
    • Broadcasting operations, 122, 128, 156
    • “Changes in USIA” report (1963), 156
    • Coordination of all media efforts, 121, 129
    • Defense Department accreditation of USIA representatives, 141, 142
    • Economic and military aid agreements, role in coordination of, 137
    • Economic development programs and, 148
    • Economic information, 132
    • English teaching program, 156
    • Exhibits and trade fairs overseas, 11, 156
    • Field posts, 156
    • Film festival participation, 151, 156
    • Foreign media, monitoring of, 133, 150
    • France, focus on, 145
    • Hungary, focus on, 153, 154
    • International Sports Kit Project, 156
    • Italy, focus on, 149
    • Johnson’s assumption of Presidency, coverage of, 158
    • Kennedy’s “year-ender” briefing, notes for, 143
    • Mission of USIA, 140, 144, 159
    • Motion picture service, 156
    • Nuclear test ban issue, 125, 130, 147
    • Opinion collection and analysis, 116, 117, 118, 146, 147, 149, 156
    • “Peaceful coexistence” countertheme, 123, 124, 126
    • Personnel policies of information agencies, 156
    • Picture service, 156
    • Press and Publications Service, 156
    • Private companies and individuals, cooperation with, 156
    • Psychological-political program, 136
    • Public relations efforts, 119
    • Soviet affairs, program on, 138
    • Soviet and U.S. correspondents, accreditation of, 152
    • Soviet-U.S. broadcast exchanges, 134
    • Soviet wheat purchases and, 155
    • Terminology concerns, 127, 157
    • Training program for junior officers, 156
    • USIA’s relationship to White House and State Department, 120
    • Youth programs, 139
  • Intelligence policy (see also Central Intelligence Agency):
    • Ambassadors informed of intelligence activities, 88
    • Budgetary issues, 104, 110
    • CIA-Defense friction, 106
    • Clandestine Services, 82, 83, 85, 86
    • COMINT and ELINT activities, 82, 84
    • Coordination and guidance responsibilities of DCI, 82, 84, 86, 97, 99, 103, 104
    • Covert funding for private organizations, 94
    • Cuban missile crisis and, 107
    • Defense Intelligence Agency, 78, 89, 92
    • Deputy DCI, appointment of, 95, 98
    • Economic intelligence, 84
    • “Image” of DCI, concerns about, 113, 115
    • McCone’s advisory role on policy matters, 112
    • McCone’s appointment as DCI, 91
    • National Reconnaissance Program (see also Reconnaissance satellite program under Space program), 90, 101, 106, 108, 110
    • National Security Agency, 89, 104
    • Photographic Intelligence Center, 84
    • President and NSC members, intelligence briefings for, 100, 105
    • President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, 87, 91, 103, 107, 109
    • Reorganization program, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 84, 86, 95
    • Saigon Chief of Station, 113
    • Soviet-related intelligence, handling of, 111
    • Status and future trends (January 1961), 82
    • Strategic warning process, 82
    • U.S. Intelligence Board, 80, 82, 84, 99
    • Reorganization program, 96, 97, 98, 114
    • Wartime intelligence collection, 84
  • Interdepartmental coordination. See White House and interdepartmental coordination.
  • Interior Department, U.S., 488, 494
  • International Court of Justice (ICJ), 194, 215, 218
  • International science issues, 65
    • Antarctic scientific cooperation, 452
    • Foreign policy and science, relationship between, 348
    • Large-scale scientific experiments, guidelines for, 352
    • OECD science activities, support for, 355
    • Office of International Scientific Affairs, establishment of, 350
    • Office of the Science Adviser, establishment of, 349
    • Population problem, 347
    • Publications, 355
    • Science Attaches, 348, 351, 354
    • State Department guidance of overseas scientific programs, 348
    • U.S.-Japan Committee on Scientific Cooperation, 355
    • Weather research and analysis, 353
    • Wiesner’s role, 346
  • Ireland, 150, 486
  • Irvin, Adm. William, 436
  • Isenbergh, Max, 35
  • Israel, 203, 207, 226, 486
  • Italy, 486
    • Kennedy’s European trip, reaction to, 150
    • U.S. public opinion polling in, 147, 149
  • Ivy, Michel, 481, 483
  • Jackson, Elmore, 175, 206, 417
  • Jackson, Henry M., 1, 16, 23, 77
  • Jaffe, Leonard, 397, 402
  • Jagan, Cheddi, 259
  • Jami’at al Islam, 311
  • Jamieson, Stewart, 320
  • Japan, 133, 150, 431, 486
    • Antarctica, 451, 461
    • U.S.-Japan Committee on Scientific Cooperation, 355
  • Jenkins, Alfred leS., 170
  • Jha, C. S., 162
  • John, Col., 378
  • Johnson, Charles E., 14, 128, 379, 395, 425
  • Johnson, Charles K., 214
  • Johnson, David S., 396, 397
  • Johnson, G. Griffith, 51, 54
  • Johnson, Joseph, 210
  • Johnson, Lyndon B., 70, 359, 376
    • Alliance for Progress, 113
    • Assumption of Presidency, USIA coverage of, 158
    • Intelligence policy:
      • “Image” of DCI, concerns about, 113, 115
      • McCone’s advisory role on policy matters, 112
      • Saigon Chief of Station, 113
      • U.S. Intelligence Board, 114
    • National Security Council, 5, 26
    • Personnel policies of Executive departments, 76
    • Space program:
      • Apollo program, national priority for, 370, 371
      • National Aeronautics and Space Council, 367, 382
    • United Nations, 281, 289
    • U.S.-Soviet space cooperation, 412
  • Johnson, U. Alexis, 38, 40, 172, 175, 265, 291, 378, 404, 420, 453
    • Communications satellites, 449
    • Intelligence policy, 94
    • International science issues, 348, 349
    • Peaceful uses of outer space, 418, 421
    • “Six-plus-six” territorial sea/fishing zone proposal, 493, 496, 498
    • Space program, 368, 379, 382, 385
    • State Department/Foreign Service organization, 65
    • U.S.-Soviet space cooperation, 406, 412, 413
  • Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS), 265, 379, 434, 445
  • Joint Study Group on Foreign Intelligence Activities, 78
  • Jones, Lewis, 29
  • Jones, Marshall P., 68, 354
  • Jones, Owen T., 153
  • Jones, Roger W., 27, 29, 30, 31, 35, 38, 40, 51, 55, 310
  • Jones, Thomas O., 453, 454
  • Jones, William, 365
  • Jorden, William J., 65, 136, 172
  • Judd, Walter H., 194
  • Kaiser, Philip W., 273
  • Kalantzis, Evangelos, 331
  • Kalinin, Yuri D., 396, 397, 398
  • Kaneshige, Dr., 355
  • Karmalov, 134
  • Karpov, Viktor, 471
  • Kashmir, 207, 214
  • Katzenbach, Nicholas deB., 188
  • Kavanau, Lawrence, 367, 378
  • Kaya, Harunori, 288
  • Kaysen, Carl, 132, 421
  • Kearney, Richard D., 379
  • Keldysh, M. V., 394, 401, 404
  • Kellermann, Henry J., 190
  • Kelly, Gene, 151
  • Kelly, Harry, 355
  • Kennan, George F., 53, 134
  • Kennedy, John F., 37, 40, 82, 158, 246, 263
    • Agency for International Development:
      • Coordination of military and economic assistance, 75
      • Establishment of, 69, 72
    • Antarctica, 480
    • Arms control and disarmament, 177, 185, 226
    • Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, 74
    • Azores Base Agreement, 203, 217
    • Communications satellites, 433, 434, 436, 437, 446
    • Congo, 203, 211
    • European trip in 1963, reactions to, 150
    • Human rights, 266, 300, 303
    • Information policy, 116
      • Book distribution, 133
      • Broadcasting operations, 128
      • Economic and military aid agreements, role in coordination of, 137
      • Film festival participation, 151
      • Foreign media, monitoring of, 133, 150
      • Italy, focus on, 149
      • Kennedy’s “year-ender” briefing, notes for, 143
      • Mission of USIA, 140, 144
      • Nuclear test ban, 125, 130
      • Opinion collection and analysis, 118, 149
      • “Peaceful coexistence” countertheme, 123, 126
      • Soviet-U.S. broadcast exchanges, 134
      • USIA’s relationship to White House and State Department, 120
    • Intelligence policy:
      • Coordination and guidance responsibilities of DCI, 97, 99, 103
      • Cuban missile crisis and, 107
      • Defense Intelligence Agency, 89
      • McCone’s appointment as DCI, 91
      • President and NSC members, intelligence briefings for, 100, 105
      • President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, 87, 109
      • U.S. Intelligence Board, 96, 97
    • International science issues:
      • Large-scale scientific experiments, guidelines for, 352
      • Wiesner’s role, 346
    • Israel, 203, 207
    • Izvestia interview, 133
    • Mexico visit, 207
    • Narcotics control, 327
    • National Security Council:
      • Eisenhower’s criticisms of Kennedy’s approach to, 21
      • Function and operation, 4, 7, 16
      • Johnson’s participation as Vice President, 5
      • Operations Coordinating Board, 8
      • Reorganization program, 1, 23, 25
    • Peace Corps, 70, 73
    • Peaceful uses of outer space:
      • Reconnaissance satellite program and, 419, 420, 422
      • Registration of space vehicles, 203
      • UN Committee on, 414
      • UN discussions re, 177, 185, 217
      • U.S. defense of its space program, 425
      • U.S.-Soviet cooperation, 414, 415
      • Weapons of mass destruction in orbit, prohibition of, 423, 424
    • Quemoy and Matsu, U.S. policy toward, 211
    • Palestine refugees, 226
    • “Six-plus-six” territorial sea/fishing zone proposal, 503
    • South Africa, 266
    • Soviet wheat purchases, 155
    • Space program:
      • Apollo program, highest national priority for, 371, 372
      • Contingency landings by manned flights, 380
      • Coordination of NASA and Defense activities, 377
      • Cost-cutting effort, 384
      • Funding for, 359
      • Lunar exploration/landing, 376
      • Military space programs, 356
      • Nuclear power systems, launching of, 364
      • Space launcher assistance to other countries, 366
      • 10-year plan, 359
    • State Department/Foreign Service organization:
      • Bowles’ role in State Department, 34, 43, 47
      • Deputy Under Secretary for Political Affairs position, 28
      • Embassy residences, costs of, 56
      • Executive responsibilities within State Department, 39
      • Foreign economic policy coordination, 36
      • Foreign Relations series, publication of, 41
      • Kennan’s assessment of, 53
      • Meeting with policy officers, 50, 52
      • Personnel policies, 58
      • Reorganization program, 55
    • United Nations, 186
      • African development, 177
      • Arms control and disarmament issue, 177, 185, 226
      • Attendance in 1962, 217
      • Attendance in 1963, 262, 264, 267, 269, 403
      • Berlin, 177, 217
      • Briefings on developments in UN, 202
      • Chinese representation, 172, 177, 179, 203, 266, 273
      • Colonialism, 217, 221
      • Congo peacekeeping operation, 266
      • Congo reconciliation, 226
      • Cuban speech (1962), 226
      • Decade of Development initiative, 185
      • Development Authority, 177
      • General Assembly presidency (1961), 164
      • General Assembly presidency (1963), 252
      • Hungary, 217, 266
      • Korean issues, 177
      • Mauritania/Outer Mongolia admission, 177, 179
      • NSC meeting on, 207, 211
      • Palestine refugees, 226
      • Peaceful uses of outer space, 177, 185, 217
      • Peacekeeping operations financing, 192, 194, 203, 207, 233, 253
      • Secretary-General appointment following Hammarskjold’s death, 184
      • Secretary-General position, Thant’s attitude toward, 195
      • 17th General Assembly, summary report on, 232
      • Southern Rhodesia issue, 207, 226
      • Thant’s Washington visit, 213
      • U.S. attitudes toward, 195
      • U.S. General Assembly delegation (1962), 217
      • U.S. Mission’s reporting to Washington, 211
      • U.S. strategy (1961), 173, 174, 177
      • U.S. strategy (1962), 216, 217
      • U.S. strategy (1963), 264, 266
      • West New Guinea, 195
    • U.S.-Soviet space cooperation, 388, 389, 410, 414, 415
      • Agreement on cooperative projects, 392
      • Bilateral talks concerning, 391, 393
      • Lunar exploration/landing, 405, 408
      • Soviet advantage in weight-lifting capability, 386
      • Speech to UN General Assembly and, 403
    • White House and interdepartmental coordination:
      • Crises, systematic planning for, 7, 9, 12
      • Field visits by interdepartmental teams, 19, 20
      • Planning tasks, 25
      • Schedule for briefings, 13
      • Transition of administrations, 1
  • Kennedy, Robert F., 20, 25, 60, 65, 87, 91, 95, 113, 139, 178
  • Kent, Robert, 245
  • Kerley, Ernest L., 198, 200, 218, 222, 268, 278
  • Kerrigan, William M., 337, 369
  • Khrushchev, Nikita S., 125
  • Killian, James R., Jr., 87, 91, 103, 107, 109, 418, 419
  • King, Martin Luther, Jr., 302
  • King, Samuel L., 213
  • King, William B., 146
  • Kirkpatrick, Lyman B., Jr., 78, 95
  • Kiselev, E. D., 231
  • Kistiakowsky, George B., 84
  • Kitchen, Jeffrey C., 498
  • Kline, Cmdr., 472
  • Klokov, Ivan V., 396, 397
  • Klutznick, Philip M., 176, 192, 196, 207
  • Knox, M. Gordon, 496
  • Kochman, Mohamed Nassim, 273
  • Kohler, Foy D., 29, 152, 157, 212
  • Komer, Robert, 12
  • Korea. See Korean issues under United Nations.
  • Kornienko, Georgi M., 208
  • Kotschnig, Walter, 315, 329
  • Kovach, Eugene G., 355
  • Kozyrev, Semyon P., 396
  • Kreer, Robert G., 437
  • Kretzmann, Edwin M., 355, 378, 379
  • Krishnamoorthy, E. S., 345
  • Krupin, Yuriy I., 396, 397
  • Kubitschek, Juscelino, 252
  • Kuh, Freddie, 172
  • Kurdas, Kemal, 330
  • Kuwait, 251
  • Labouisse, Henry, 30, 335
  • Lamm, Donald W., 454
  • Lampert, A. K., 250
  • Land, Edwin H., 87, 107, 356
  • Lande, Adolf, 345
  • Langer, William L., 87, 107
  • Laos, 208, 224
  • Lathram, L. Wade, 337, 344
  • Lausche, Frank J., 291
  • Law of the Sea (see also “Six-plus-six” territorial sea/fishing zone proposal):
  • Ratification of four Conventions (1961), 485
  • Lawrence, Edward W., 314, 320, 322
  • Lay, James, 3, 78, 357
  • Lebel, Claude, 309
  • Leddy, John M., 192
  • Ledward, R. J. D., 199, 204
  • Lee, Guy A., 378
  • Lehman, Ernest, 151
  • Lehrer, Maxwell, 356
  • LeMay, Gen. Curtis E., 110
  • Lemnitzer, Gen. Lyman L., 80, 84, 97, 98
  • Lennon, J. H., 354
  • Lent, Robert F., 313, 317
  • Lesh, Donald R., 343
  • Lewis, Cmdr. Price, Jr., 454
  • Lewis, Samuel W., 453
  • Liang, C. K., 328
  • Liem, Channing, 162
  • Lincoln, Evelyn, 128, 150, 364
  • Lind, Lewis M., 323
  • Lindquist, Robert S., 163
  • Lindt, Auguste, 310, 311
  • Lippmann, Walter S., 208
  • Little, Richard S., 256
  • Liu Chieh, 231
  • Lodge, Henry Cabot, 3, 172
  • Lokman, Mahomed S., 178, 181
  • Long, Edward T., 168
  • Loomis, Henry, 117, 134, 138
  • Lovell, Sir Bernard, 401, 404
  • Lovett, Robert, 81
  • Loweth, Hugh, 453
  • Lubkemann, Walter H., 268
  • Luce, Henry, 172, 177
  • Ludlow, James M., 164, 167, 215, 220, 221, 222, 227, 243, 254, 257, 341, 496
  • Luers, William H., 189
  • Lunar exploration/landing. See under Space program; under U.S.-Soviet space cooperation.
  • Lutkins, LaRue R., 178, 179
  • Mabileau, J. F., 345
  • MacArthur, Douglas, II, 226
  • Macau, 318
  • MacDonald, John W., Jr., 309
  • MacKnight, Jesse, 178, 179, 181, 215, 221, 222, 227
  • MacLeish, Archibald, 296
  • Macmillan, Harold, 125, 150, 203, 262, 366
  • Macy, Robert, 78
  • Malalasekera, G. P., 214
  • Malcolm X, 150
  • Malhotra, Ram C., 286
  • Malone, Thomas, 396, 397
  • Malta, 255
  • Manfull, Melvin L., 191, 196
  • Mann, Thomas, 113
  • Manning, Robert J., 152, 394
  • Married Women Convention, 295
  • Marshall, Burke, 305
  • Martian civilization, 383
  • Martin, Edwin M., 9, 22, 51, 252, 265, 437
  • Martin, Paul, 285
  • Matsch, Franz, 162, 427, 429
  • Matthews, H. Freeman, Jr., 172, 369
  • Mau, Frank A., 486
  • Mauritania (see also Mauritania/Outer Mongolia admission package under United Nations), 273
  • McCall-Judson, J. Alan, 451
  • McCarthy, Eugene, 115
  • McClintock, Robert, 463
  • McCloy, John J., 74, 112, 123, 177, 195
  • McCollum, Robert S., 311
  • McConaughy, Walter P., 170, 172, 179, 180
  • McCone, John A., 93, 211, 401
    • Intelligence policy:
      • Budgetary issues, 110
      • CIA-Defense friction, 106
      • Coordination and guidance responsibilities of DCI, 97, 99, 103
      • Cuban missile crisis and, 107
      • Deputy DCI, appointment of, 95, 98
      • “Image” of DCI, concerns about, 113, 115
      • McCone’s advisory role on policy matters, 112
      • McCone’s appointment as DCI, 91
      • National Reconnaissance Program, 106, 108, 110
      • President and NSC members, intelligence briefings for, 100, 105
      • President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, 109
      • Reorganization program, 95
      • Saigon Chief of Station, 113
      • Soviet-related intelligence, handling of, 111
      • U.S. Intelligence Board, 96, 97, 98, 114
    • National Security Council, 21
  • McDowell, Eleanor C., 295
  • McFarland, Col. Earl, Jr., 367
  • McGhee, George C., 2, 35, 40, 47, 119, 175, 210, 378, 462
    • Information policy, 136
    • International science issues, 347
    • National Security Council, 10, 11
    • Peaceful uses of outer space, 415
    • State Department/Foreign Service organization, 38
    • United Nations, 170, 224, 230
    • U.S.-Soviet space cooperation, 388, 391, 392, 394, 395, 415
    • White House and interdepartmental coordination, 12
  • McKelvey, R., 403
  • McKisson, Robert M., 165
  • McKitterick, Nathaniel, 258, 277, 299, 448, 466, 480
  • McLean, D. B. G., 451
  • McMillan, Brockway, 108, 110, 378
  • McNamara, Robert S., 4, 7, 90, 468
  • McNutt, Louise, 180, 181, 215, 221, 222, 227, 254, 257, 277, 431, 496
  • McQueen, Steve, 151
  • Means, John, 297
  • Meany, George, 207
  • Meeker, Leonard C., 182, 198, 258, 278, 360, 361, 394, 412, 418, 427, 430, 431, 491
  • Meloy, Francis E., Jr., 213
  • Mendelsohn, Allan I., 379
  • Merchant, Livingston L., 2, 6, 62, 492, 500, 501
  • Mewshaw, Franklin L., 231
  • Mexico, 150, 207
  • Meyer, Armin H., 66
  • Miller, George P., 392
  • Mills, William H., 466, 470, 471, 472, 476
  • Milovidov, Igor V., 396, 397, 397
  • Milus, Stanislaus B., 325
  • Minnich, L. Arthur, 296
  • Mirisch, Walter, 151
  • Missile systems, 386
  • Mitchell, V. W., 337
  • Moffitt, George, 378, 394
  • Monsma, George N., 164, 167, 215, 220, 221, 222, 227, 243, 250, 254, 257, 277
  • Moor, Carol C., 48
  • Morgan, George A., 363
  • Morocco, 318
  • Morozov, Platon D., 292, 294, 429, 430
  • Morris, D. R., 375, 402
  • Morrison, W. L., 451
  • Moscow Film Festival, 151
  • Mulliken, Otis E., 309, 312, 327, 332, 334, 345
  • Mundt, Karl E., 291
  • Murphy, H. B. M., 345
  • Murphy, Robert D., 87, 107
  • Murrow, Edward R., 30, 116, 122, 131, 385
    • Information policy:
      • Attribution of USIA media materials, 135
      • Book distribution, 133
      • Broadcasting operations, 122, 128
      • Coordination of all media efforts, 121, 129
      • Defense Department accreditation of USIA representatives, 141, 142
      • Economic and military aid agreements, role in coordination of, 137
      • Economic development programs and, 148
      • Economic information, 132
      • Film festival participation, 151
      • Foreign media, monitoring of, 133, 150
      • France, focus on, 145
      • Hungary, focus on, 153, 154
      • Italy, focus on, 149
      • Kennedy’s “year-ender” briefing, notes for, 143
      • Mission of USIA, 140, 144, 159
      • Nuclear test ban issue, 125, 130
      • Opinion collection and analysis, 118, 146, 149
      • “Peaceful coexistence” countertheme, 123, 124, 126
      • Psychological-political program, 136
      • Public relations efforts, 119
      • Soviet affairs, program on, 138
      • Soviet-U.S. broadcast exchanges, 134
      • Soviet wheat purchases and, 155
      • Terminology concerns, 127, 157
      • USIA’s relationship to White House and State Department, 120
      • Youth programs, 139
  • Nakagawa, 431
  • Narasimhan, C. V., 223, 244
  • Narcotics control:
    • Addiction problem, 328, 345
    • Barbiturates and amphetamines, 328, 340, 345
    • Cannabis, 345
    • Coca leaf chewing, 345
    • Illicit traffic, 328, 340, 345
    • Opium Protocol of 1953:
    • Scientific research on opium, 345
    • Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs:
      • General Assembly plenary on ratification, 341
      • International support, 340
      • Opium Protocol’s possible conflict with, 329
      • Phamaceutical industry’s objections, 332
      • Production of narcotics, impact on, 329
      • Status in 1963, 345
      • Thant’s inquiry re U.S. position, 334
      • U.K. support, 338, 343
      • UN conference on, 326
      • UN resolutions on, 328, 340
      • U.S. decision against ratification, 335, 336, 340, 341
      • U.S. objections, 327, 333
      • U.S.-Turkish discussions re, 333, 337
    • UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs, 339
      • Sixteenth session, 328
      • Seventeenth Session, 340
      • Eighteenth Session, 345
    • White House Conference on Narcotics, proposed, 327
  • Nason, Rachel C., 295, 296, 297, 303, 304
  • Nasser, Gamal Abdel, 248
  • Natarajan, Jagadish, 223
  • National Advisory Council, 3
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) (see also Space program; U.S.-Soviet space cooperation), 110
  • National Aeronautics and Space Council. See under Space program.
  • National Communications System (NCS), 438, 442, 444, 446
  • National Military Command System (NMCS), 434, 445
  • National Reconnaissance Program (NRP). See under Intelligence policy.
  • National Science Foundation (NSF), 353, 355
  • National Security Action Memorandums (NSAMs):
  • National Security Agency (NSA), 89, 104
  • National Security Council (NSC):
    • Eisenhower’s criticisms of Kennedy’s approach to, 21
    • Executive Committee, 23
    • Function and operation, 4, 7, 16
    • Intelligence briefings for, 100, 105
    • Johnson’s participation as Vice President, 5
    • Meetings:
    • Operations Coordinating Board, 3, 8
    • Plans and Operations Committee (Standing Group), 16, 23, 25
    • Rayburn’s participation, 26
    • Reorganization program, 1, 15, 16, 23, 25
    • Subcommittee on Communications Satellites, 433
    • Transition of administrations, 3
    • United Nations, meeting on, 207, 210, 211
    • Working groups on specific regions and countries, 10, 11
  • National security staffing and operations, 77
  • Navez, Andre J., 502
  • Navy, U.S., 458
  • Negroes, State Department’s recruitment of, 44
  • Nesbitt, Trevanion H. E., 378, 379
  • Netherlands (see also West New Guinea), 486
  • Neustadt, Richard E., 1, 4, 74
  • New Zealand, 451, 461, 464, 486
  • Newell, Homer E., 402, 426
  • Newlin, Michael H., 165, 261
  • Newman, George S., 360, 361, 379
  • Nielsen, Sivert A., 187
  • Nikolic, D., 328
  • Nilsen, Sylvia E., 333
  • Nitze, Paul H., 6, 360, 420, 421
  • Nnorom, A. O., 270
  • Norodom Sihanouk, Prince, 224
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 110, 149
  • Norway, 461, 486
  • Noyes, Charles P., 201
  • Nuclear activities in Antarctica, 452
  • Nuclear test ban issue, 125, 130, 147, 186, 219, 262
  • Nugroho, 163
  • Nutt, Jim S., 484
  • Oakley, Robert, 225
  • O’Brien, Larry, 207, 239
  • O’Donnell, Kenneth, 4, 13
  • Okasaki, Katsuo, 214
  • O’Neill, W. Paul, 243, 250, 254
  • Operations Coordinating Board, 3, 8
  • Opium Protocol of 1953. See under Narcotics control.
  • Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), 132, 355
  • Organization of American States (OAS), 282
  • Ormsby-Gore, David, 199, 200, 205
  • Orrick, William H., Jr., 20, 57, 60, 350, 436, 437, 438, 442
  • Orwick, Dana, 378
  • Osorio-Tafall, Bibiano, 224
  • Ostrovski, Y. A., 294
  • O’Sullivan, Tadgh, 231
  • Oulashin, Eric E., 378
  • Outer Mongolia. See Mauritania/Outer Mongolia admission package under United Nations.
  • Outer space. See Peaceful uses of outer space; Space program; U.S.-Soviet space cooperation.
  • Owen, George H., 451, 453, 454, 455, 456, 457, 458, 459, 460, 461, 462, 463, 464, 474
  • Owsley, Charles H., 311
  • Ozkol, Majhar, 330, 337
  • Pace, Frank, Jr., 107
  • Packard, Robert F., 369, 375, 383, 394, 406, 427
  • Pakistan, 150, 214, 486
  • Palamas, Christian, 331
  • Palestine refugees, 171, 216, 224, 226
  • Pardee, Arthur E., Jr., 351, 354, 355
  • Parker, James B., 221
  • Patterson, Bradley H., Jr., 2
  • Pavlov, Yuriy I., 397
  • Payne, C. R., 127
  • Peace Corps, 70, 71, 73, 156
  • Peace Corps Act of 1961, 73
  • Peaceful uses of outer space:
  • Pearson, Lester B., 503
  • Pedersen, Richard F., 201, 210, 231
  • Pelcovits, Nathan A., 268, 275, 278, 301
  • Pelen, Pierre, 309
  • People-to-People Sports Committee, 156
  • Personnel policies of Executive departments, 76
  • Persons, Gen. Wilton B., 1, 2, 3
  • Peru, 150
  • Peterson, Avery F., 170
  • Phillips, Franklyn W., 357
  • Phleger, Herman, 466, 468, 474
  • Piland, Robert O., 357
  • Plaja, Eugenio, 162
  • Plimpton, Francis, 203, 209, 236, 237, 238, 240, 244, 246, 277, 283, 284, 287, 365, 418
  • Plimsoll, James, 160
  • Poland, 454, 455
  • Pollack, Herman, 30, 35, 44, 63
  • Population problem, 347
  • Porter, Dwight J., 67
  • Porter, Richard, 396, 397
  • Portugal, 22, 318, 486
    • Azores Base Agreement, 203, 217
  • Portuguese territories, 171, 247, 255, 282
  • Posinsky, Col., 472
  • President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (PFIAB), 87, 91, 103, 107, 109
  • President’s Science Advisory Committee (PSAC), 348
  • Prince, Edward P., 344
  • Puerto Rico, 247, 301
  • Purcell, Edward M., 356
  • Quaison-Sackey, Alex, 283, 290
  • Quemoy and Matsu, 211
  • Racial Discrimination Declaration, 289, 297, 306
  • Radio Free Europe-Radio Liberty (RFE–RL), 122
  • Rae, S. F., 320, 484
  • Ramsey, Henry C., 369
  • Rathjens, George W., 481, 483
  • Rayburn, Sam, 26, 70
  • Read, Benjamin H., 262
  • Reconnaissance satellite program. See under Space program.
  • Reed, James A., 334, 335, 344, 345
  • Reed, James Morgan, 310
  • Reedy, Adm. J. R., 466, 478
  • Refugees (see also UN High Commissioner for Refugees program), 11
  • Reichelderfer, Dr., 392
  • Reinhardt, G. Frederick, 35, 396
  • Reis, Herbert L., 218, 221, 254, 365, 417
  • Religious freedom, 294
  • Renborg, Bertil A., 345
  • Rettaliata, John T., 357
  • Reuther, Walter, 207
  • Rewinkel, Milton C., 200, 502
  • Reynolds, Warren H., 454
  • Riad, Mahmoud, 231
  • Ribble, Ralph, J., 68
  • Ribicoff, Abraham, 30
  • Rice, Edward E., 379
  • Rinden, Robert W., 179, 180, 181
  • Ritchie, Charles S. A., 285, 503
  • Ritchie, Edward, 503
  • Rivkin, Allen, 151
  • Roberts, Edward V., 146
  • Roberts, Ralph S., 42, 54, 67, 349
  • Robichaud, Hedard, 285
  • Robinson, David Z., 436, 442
  • Robinson, H. Basil, 285, 503
  • Robinson, Marvin W., 387
  • Robinson, Col. William B., 437
  • Roe, Arthur, 355
  • Rogers, Gladys P., 51, 54
  • Rogers, Jordan T., 437
  • Rogers, Tom, 48
  • Rollefson, Ragnar, 65, 350, 353, 355, 382, 394, 411, 449
  • Rooney, John J., 194
  • Roosevelt, Eleanor, 207, 292
  • Roshchin, Aleksey A., 272, 278
  • Rossi, Bruno B., 356, 358
  • Rossow, Robert, Jr., 295, 297, 341
  • Rostow, Walt W., 4, 9, 12, 13, 18, 22, 25, 47, 122, 127, 156, 381, 411
  • Rowan, Carl, 35
  • Rowell, Edward J., 314
  • Ruanda. See Rwanda.
  • Rubel, John H., 104
  • Rueckert, George L., 181
  • Ruina, J. P., 481, 483
  • Rumbold, Sir Algernon, 440
  • Rusk, Dean, 4, 34, 38, 120, 175, 185, 203, 208, 212, 219, 263, 332, 420, 468, 480
    • Agency for International Development, 75
    • Antarctica, 477, 481
    • Arms control and disarmament:
      • Nuclear test ban issue, 186
      • UN discussions re, 186, 232
      • U.S.-Soviet space cooperation and, 391
    • Azores military base, 217
    • Communications satellites, 437, 445
    • Cuban missile crisis, 232
    • Human rights:
      • Special Assistant for Human Rights position in State Department, 298
      • UN Human Rights Commission 1961 session, 292
      • UN Human Rights Commission 1962 session, 294
      • UN Rapporteur on Human Rights position, 303, 304
    • Information policy:
      • Broadcasting operations, 128
      • Economic and military aid agreements, role in coordination of, 137
      • France, focus on, 145
      • Nuclear test ban, 125
      • “Peaceful coexistence” countertheme, 123, 124, 126
      • Soviet-U.S. broadcast exchanges, 134
    • Intelligence policy, 94, 97
    • International science issues:
      • Office of International Scientific Affairs, establishment of, 350
      • Population problem, 347
      • Science Attaches, 354
      • State Department guidance of overseas scientific programs, 348
    • Narcotics control, 326, 334, 341
    • National security staffing and operations, 77
    • Peace Corps, 71
    • Peaceful uses of outer space, 423, 427, 430
      • UN Committee on, 414
      • UN discussions re, 186
      • U.S.-Soviet cooperation, 414, 415
    • Personnel policies of Executive departments, 76
    • Population problem, 347
    • “Six-plus-six” territorial sea/fishing zone proposal, 492, 494, 496, 497, 499, 502
    • Space program:
      • Coordination of NASA and Defense activities, 378, 382
      • Foreign relations opportunities in, 358
      • Space launcher assistance to other countries, 366, 375
      • Tracking facilities in other countries, 369
    • State Department/Foreign Service organization:
      • Bowles’ role in State Department, 43, 47
      • Commercial functions, 46, 59, 61, 63
      • Deputy Under Secretary for Political Affairs position, 28
      • Embassy residences, costs of, 56
      • Executive responsibilities within State Department, 39
      • Foreign economic policy coordination, 36
      • Foreign Relations series, publication of, 41
      • International conferences, delegations to, 45
      • Kennedy’s meeting with policy officers, 50, 52
      • Long-range problems, study of, 29
      • Marginal posts, closing of, 27
      • Negroes, recruitment of, 44
      • Personnel policies, 44, 57, 58
      • Regional conferences for ambassadors, 40
      • Reorganization program, 30, 42
    • UN High Commissioner for Refugees program, 313
    • United Nations, 193, 207, 282
      • Arms control and disarmament, 186, 232
      • Berlin, 217
      • Chinese representation, 172, 179, 181, 199, 200, 227, 270, 271, 274
      • Colonialism, 186, 197, 232, 259, 260, 261
      • Committee of 17, 221
      • Committee of 24, 261
      • Cuban missile crisis and, 232
      • Decade of Development initiative, 186, 232
      • Enlargement of councils, 220, 222, 225, 227, 257, 266, 270, 277, 285, 291
      • General Assembly adjournment (1961), 168
      • General Assembly presidency (1961), 164
      • General Assembly presidency (1963), 252
      • Hungary, 165, 232, 266
      • Johnson’s policy on UN affairs, 281
      • Kennedy/Khrushchev attendance in 1962, 217
      • Kennedy’s attendance in 1963, 267
      • Korean issues, 168, 232
      • Mauritania/Outer Mongolia admission package, 167, 179, 181
      • Peaceful uses of outer space, 186
      • Peacekeeping operations, 186, 285
      • Peacekeeping operations financing, 192, 194, 215, 233, 236, 243, 246, 249, 254, 275, 278
      • Secretary-General appointment following Hammarskjold’s death, 186, 189, 190
      • Secretary-General election (1962), 225
      • Security Council elections (1962), 227
      • Security Council elections (1963), 257, 270
      • 17th General Assembly, summary report on, 232
      • Southern Rhodesia issue, 232
      • Southwest Africa issue, 232
      • Thant’s cooperation with U.S., 235, 248
      • Tibet, 165
      • Under Secretaries, appointment of, 189, 190
      • U.S. strategy (1961), 169, 173, 174
      • U.S. strategy (1962), 217
      • U.S. strategy (1963), 265, 266
      • U.S. territories issue, 261
      • Voting rights of countries in arrears, 268
      • Yemen, 248
    • U.S.-Soviet space cooperation, 358, 388, 389, 391
    • White House and interdepartmental coordination:
      • Crises, systematic planning for, 9, 18, 22
      • Field visits by interdepartmental teams, 20
      • Planning tasks, 25
      • Transition of administrations, 2
  • Russell, Richard, 461
  • Rutherfurd, Jay, 273
  • Rwanda, 207, 208, 322
  • Ryan, Hewson A., 146
  • Ryerson, Martin G., 81
  • Salinger, Pierre, 115, 134, 143, 152, 503
  • Sall, Abdoul Aziz, 273
  • Saltonstall, Leverett, 194
  • Salvesen, 314
  • Sandys, Duncan, 255
  • Sanger, Richard, 225
  • Sanjuan, Pedro A., 298
  • Sastroamidjojo, Ali, 160, 161, 163, 164
  • Saudi Arabia, 248
  • Sauls, John C., 323
  • Schaetzel, J. Robert, 498
  • Scheffer, Victor B., 481, 483
  • Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr., 9, 104, 123, 127, 128, 156, 193, 194, 248, 276, 416, 420
    • “Peaceful coexistence” countertheme, 124
    • State Department/Foreign Service organization, 37
    • United Nations, 203, 266
      • Arms control and disarmament issue, 177
      • Chinese representation, 177
      • Kennedy’s attendance in 1963, 267
      • Kennedy’s briefings on UN developments, 202
      • Peacekeeping operations financing, 256
      • Secretary-General position, Thant’s attitude toward, 195
      • U.S. attitudes toward, 195
      • U.S. strategy (1961), 177
      • U.S. strategy (1962), 217
      • West New Guinea, 195
    • U.S.-Soviet space cooperation, 409
  • Schmidt, G. Lewis, 117, 138
  • Schnyder, Felix:
    • UN High Commissioner for Refugees program:
      • Continuation of UNHCR Office for five years, 320
      • Deputy High Commissioner, appointment of, 308, 310
      • Executive Committee sessions, 314, 322
      • Identification of refugee situations, 313
      • Schnyder’s reappointment as High Commissioner, 323, 324
      • Shift in emphasis to refugees in non-European countries, 311, 312, 314
      • U.S. contributions, 317, 319
  • Schriever, Lt. Gen. B. A., 378
  • Schurmann, C. W. A., 162
  • Schwartz, Abba P., 307, 323
  • Schwebel, Stephen M., 198, 204, 215, 368, 476
  • Science issues. See International science issues.
  • Scoville, Herbert, Jr., 106, 421
  • Seaborg, Glenn T., 349
  • Seamans, Robert C., Jr., 376, 378, 421
  • Sebald, William J., 454
  • Senghor, Leopold Sedar, 178
  • Seydoux, Roger, 231, 289
  • Sharek, Carl, 154
  • Shelnutt, Leon A., 153
  • Shen Chang-huan, 180, 181
  • Shriver, R. Sargent, Jr., 70, 71, 73
  • Sidya, Lt. Mohamed Sidina, 273
  • Sihanouk, Prince Norodom, 224
  • Simsarian, James, 448, 466, 474, 476, 477
  • Sinderson, Paul G., 27, 68
  • Singh, K. Natwar, 283
  • Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. See under Narcotics control.
  • Sisco, Joseph J., 174, 189, 198, 199, 204, 208, 213, 217, 218, 221, 222, 224, 230, 257, 265, 266, 267, 274, 275, 277, 278, 289, 301, 403
  • Siscoe, Frank G., 153, 481
  • “Six-plus-six” territorial sea/fishing zone proposal:
  • Skolnikoff, Eugene B., 387
  • Slater, Joe, 35
  • Slater, Warren E., 200
  • Slavery Convention, 295, 300
  • Slim, Mongi, 160, 161, 164, 182, 183
  • Smith, Bromley, 3, 128, 132, 140, 144, 364, 366, 390, 437
  • Smith, Elaine D., 337, 344
  • Smith, Emery P., 369
  • Sokirkin, Aleksei F., 209
  • Solodovnikov, Vasily G., 278, 279, 280
  • Sorensen, Theodore C., 24, 104, 134, 266, 267
  • Sorensen, Thomas C., 118, 120, 125, 126, 127, 134, 141, 144, 146, 148, 153
  • Sosa Rodriguez, Carlos, 252, 289
  • South Africa, 247, 255, 258, 486
    • Antarctica, 461
    • UN discussions re, 282
    • U.S. submarines for, 266
  • Southern Rhodesia, 207, 226, 232, 247, 251, 255
  • Southwest Africa, 22, 171, 232, 247, 255, 282
  • Souvanna Phouma, 224
  • Soviet Union (see also U.S.-Soviet space cooperation):
    • Antarctica:
      • Consultative Meeting (1961), 455
      • Consultative Meeting (1962), 463, 464
      • Inspection system, 456, 471, 480
      • Internationalization issue, 461
      • Military personnel in, 477
      • Peaceful use of, 452
      • Soviet objectives in, 462
    • Arms control and disarmament, 125, 193, 208, 219
    • Ballistic missile program, 386
    • Book distribution abroad, 133
    • Broadcast exchanges with U.S., 134
    • Cuban missile crisis, 24, 107, 149, 232
    • Human rights:
      • UN Human Rights Commission 1961 session, 292
      • UN Human Rights Commission 1962 session, 294
    • Italian public opinion on, 149
    • Kennedy’s European trip, reaction to, 150
    • Kennedy’s Izvestia interview, 133
    • Lunar program, 407, 408
    • Moscow Film Festival, 151
    • Nuclear test ban issue, 125, 219
    • “Peaceful coexistence” theme, 123, 124, 126
    • Peaceful uses of outer space:
    • Reconnaissance satellites, 219
    • Space program of U.S. and, 356, 362, 367, 373, 374, 377
    • UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 245
    • UN High Commissioner for Refugees program, 315
    • United Nations:
      • Arms control and disarmament, 193, 208, 219
      • Berlin, 216, 219
      • Chinese representation, 211, 219, 227, 270
      • Colonialism, 186, 219, 232
      • Committee of 17, 219, 221
      • Committee of 24, 255
      • Cuban missile crisis and, 232
      • Enlargement of councils, 222, 227, 270, 286
      • Hungary, 165, 208
      • Korean issues, 219
      • Mauritania/Outer Mongolia admission package, 166, 167
      • Opening date of 19th General Assembly, 287
      • Peaceful uses of outer space, 219
      • Peacekeeping operations financing, 208, 219, 253, 269, 272, 275, 276, 278, 279, 280, 282
      • Procedural issues, 219
      • Ruanda-Urundi, 208
      • Secretariat personnel, 207, 272
      • Secretary-General appointment following Hammarskjold’s death, 184, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191
      • Secretary-General election (1962), 208, 219, 223, 225, 231
      • Soviet attitude toward, 210
      • Soviet strategy (1961), 174
      • Soviet strategy (1962), 219
      • Tibet, 165
      • Trade conference, proposed, 219
      • Tripartite Secretary-General proposal, 169, 219, 231
      • Under Secretaries, appointment of, 187, 189, 190
      • U.S.-Soviet discussion of 17th General Assembly, proposed, 208, 212
      • Voting rights of countries in arrears, 219, 268, 276
    • U.S. and Soviet correspondents, accreditation of, 152
    • U.S. broadcasting operations and, 122
    • U.S. information policy re, 138
    • U.S. intelligence policy re, 111
    • Wheat purchases, 155
  • Spaak, Paul-Henri, 226
  • Space program (see also Communications satellites; Peaceful uses of outer space; U.S.-Soviet space cooperation), 65
    • Achievements of, 362, 386
    • Ad Hoc Committee on Space, 356
    • Alien intelligence issue, 383
    • Apollo program, highest priority for, 370, 371, 372
    • Booster rockets, 362
    • Competition with Soviet space program, 362, 367
    • Contingency landings by manned flights, 379, 380
    • Coordination of NASA and Defense activities, 377, 378, 382
    • Cost-cutting effort, 384
    • Foreign relations opportunities in, 358
    • Funding for, 359, 362, 376
    • Impacts of space vehicles on foreign territory, 360, 361, 368
    • “Implications of Outer Space in the 1970s” report, 381
    • International projects, 376
    • Lunar exploration/landing, 362, 376
    • Military space programs, 356, 359, 367, 377, 378, 382, 405
    • National Aeronautics and Space Council:
    • Nuclear power systems, launching of, 364
    • Public relations for, 363, 385
    • Reconnaissance satellite program, 219, 373, 374, 377
    • Peaceful uses of outer space and, 416, 418, 419, 420, 421, 422
    • Research and technology program, 376
    • Space launcher assistance to other countries, 366, 375
    • Space science, 376
    • Space station, 377
    • 10-year plan, 359
    • Tracking facilities in other countries, 369, 382, 384
    • University participation, 376
    • UN Outer Space Committee and Conference, 365
    • Work schedule, 362
  • Spain, 22, 486
  • Spanish territories, 247
  • Sparkman, John, 291
  • Special Group (Counterinsurgency), 19, 20, 65
  • Specter, Melbourne L., 68, 354, 437
  • Spinelli, Pier P., 289
  • Springsteen, George S., 65, 268, 499
  • Sprouse, Philip, 40
  • Staats, Elmer B., 30, 192
  • Standing Conference of Voluntary Agencies Working for Refugees, 311
  • Stans, Maurice, 84
  • Starbird, Lt. Gen. Alfred D., 442
  • Starey (Australia), 288
  • Stashevsky, G. S., 396, 397, 398, 404
  • State Department/Foreign Service organization:
    • Administrative operations, improvements in, 31, 34
    • Ambassadors’ leadership and supervisory responsibilities, 33, 40
    • Bowles’ role in State Department, 34, 43, 47
    • Commercial functions, 46, 59, 61, 63
    • Communication gaps between State and field posts, 40
    • Consulate closings, 68
    • Country desk officers’ role, 64
    • Deputy Under Secretary for Political Affairs position, 28
    • Duty officers and stand-by officers, 48
    • Economizing measures, 49
    • Embassy residences, costs of, 56
    • Executive responsibilities within State Department, 39, 60, 62, 65
    • Foreign economic affairs, organization for, 36, 51, 54, 67
    • “Foreign Policy: Toward Clarity in Terms and Method” report, 38
    • Foreign Relations series, publication of, 41
    • Innovation, Foreign Service resistance to, 37
    • International conferences, delegations to, 45
    • Kennan’s assessment of, 53
    • Kennedy-oriented personnel, need for, 34, 35, 37
    • Kennedy’s meeting with policy officers, 50, 52
    • Long-range problems, study of, 29
    • Marginal posts, closing of, 27
    • Negroes, recruitment of, 44
    • Operations Center, 14, 48
    • Overseas activities of U.S. government agencies, control of, 66
    • Personnel policies, 40, 44, 57, 58
    • Regional operations conferences for Ambassadors, 32, 40
    • Reorganization program, 30, 42, 47, 55
    • Staff reductions, 40
    • White House-State Department relationship, 62
  • Stelter, Laverne R., 396, 397, 402
  • Stephens, Oren M., 116, 117, 127, 131, 146, 149
  • Stern, Philip, 124
  • Stevens, George, Jr., 151, 156
  • Stevenson, Adlai E., 34, 35, 270, 358
    • Azores Base Agreement, 203
    • Communications satellites, 447
    • Congo, 203
    • France, U.S. relations with, 207
    • Human rights, 299
    • Information policy, 125
    • Israel, 203, 207
    • Kennedy’s Mexico visit, 207
    • Narcotics control, 334
    • Peaceful uses of outer space, 171, 203, 211, 414, 418, 427, 429
    • Quemoy and Matsu, U.S. policy toward, 211
    • South Africa, 266
    • UN Development Authority, 177
    • UN Economic and Social Council, 176
    • UN High Commissioner for Refugees program, 321
    • UN Trusteeship Council, 171
    • United Nations:
      • African development, 177
      • Arms control and disarmament issue, 177
      • Berlin, 177
      • Chinese representation, 172, 177, 181, 203, 211, 266, 271
      • Committee on Information, 171
      • Congo peacekeeping operation, 266
      • Congo reconciliation, 226
      • Cuban speech (1962), 226
      • Enlargement of councils, 266, 277, 286, 288, 290
      • General Assembly presidency (1961), 160, 161, 164
      • General Assembly presidency (1963), 252
      • Hungary, 226
      • Johnson’s meeting with delegation heads, 289
      • Johnson’s policy on UN affairs, 281
      • Kashmir, 207
      • Kennedy/Khrushchev attendance in 1962, 217
      • Kennedy’s attendance in 1963, 262, 267
      • Kennedy’s briefings on UN developments, 202
      • Korean issues, 171, 177
      • Mauritania/Outer Mongolia admission package, 171, 181
      • 19th General Assembly, opening date of, 284, 287
      • Non-essential subjects, avoidance of, 162
      • NSC meeting on, 207, 210, 211
      • “Open world” proposal, 171
      • Palestine refugees, 226
      • Peaceful uses of outer space, 171, 211
      • Peacekeeping operations, 207
      • Peacekeeping operations financing, 171, 192, 194, 203, 207, 236, 239, 240, 244, 246, 269, 272, 279, 280
      • Portuguese territories, 171
      • Procedural issues, 171
      • Relief and Works Agency, 171
      • Ruanda-Urundi, 207
      • Secretariat personnel, 207, 272
      • Secretary-General appointment following Hammarskjold’s death, 187, 191
      • Secretary-General election (1962), 223, 229, 231
      • Southern Rhodesia issue, 207, 226
      • Southwest Africa, 171
      • Thant’s cooperation with U.S., 235, 248
      • Thant’s Washington visit, 224
      • Tibet, 171, 177
      • Tripartite Secretary-General proposal, 171
      • Under Secretaries, appointment of, 187
      • U.S. Mission’s reporting to Washington, 211
      • U.S. strategy (1961), 177
      • U.S. strategy (1962), 217
      • U.S. strategy (1963), 266
      • Voting situation, analysis of, 201
      • West New Guinea, 207
      • Yemen, 248
    • U.S.-Soviet space cooperation, 395, 412
  • Stewart, C. Allan, 20
  • Stewart, Irvin, 436
  • Steyaert, Luc, 451
  • Stilson, Marian, 297
  • Stoessel, Walter J., Jr., 2
  • Streulens, Michael, 224
  • Strong, Curtis C., 257, 277
  • Sturges, Col. William R., Jr., 355
  • Stutesman, John H., Jr., 14
  • Sugihara, Shinichi, 451
  • Sullivan, William H., 65, 164, 167, 168, 200, 204, 220, 243
  • Sulzberger, Cyrus, 407
  • Sweden, 311, 486
  • Switzerland, 486
  • Sylvester, Arthur, 141, 142
  • Talbot, Phillips, 224, 265
  • Talyzin, Nikolai V., 396, 397, 398
  • Tasca, Henry J., 168, 261
  • Taylor, Gen. Maxwell D., 20, 60, 87, 91, 100, 372, 419
  • Tepper, Morris, 396, 397, 402
  • Terry, William M., 488
  • Thacher, Peter S., 172, 365, 404, 447
  • Thailand, 224, 486
  • Thant, U:
    • Narcotics control, 334
    • UN High Commissioner for Refugees program, 324
    • United Nations:
      • Congo military training program, 251
      • Congo peacekeeping operation, 263, 265
      • Congo reconciliation, 224
      • General Assembly presidency (1961), 160
      • Johnson’s policy on UN affairs, 281
      • Kennedy/Khrushchev attendance in 1962, 217
      • Laos, 224
      • 19th General Assembly, opening date of, 284, 287
      • Palestine refugees issue, 224
      • Peacekeeping operations, 206, 207
      • Peacekeeping operations financing, 192, 194, 209, 233, 240, 244, 249
      • Secretary-General appointment following Hammarskjold’s death, 186, 187, 191
      • Secretary-General election (1962), 208, 219, 223, 225, 229, 231
      • Secretary-General position, attitude toward, 195
      • Thai-Cambodian issue, 224
      • Thant’s cooperation with U.S., 235, 248
      • Thant’s Washington visit, 213, 224
      • Under Secretaries, appointment of, 191
      • Voting rights of countries in arrears, 284
      • West New Guinea, 195, 207, 209, 224
      • Yemen, 248
    • U.S.-Soviet space cooperation, 395
  • Thompson, Llewellyn E., 134, 152, 266, 394, 411
  • Tibet, 165, 171, 177, 265
  • Tillott, Gladys, 207
  • Tobin, Irwin, 355
  • Tobin, James, 9
  • Tonesk, William J., 273
  • Topaloglu, Ahmet, 337
  • Tosun, Osman, 330
  • Toumayan, Alec G., 273
  • Townsend, John W., Jr., 396, 397, 402
  • Travel Freedom Resolution, 307
  • Treasury Department, U.S., 192, 335
  • Tree, Marietta F., 176, 207, 297
    • UN Human Rights Commission 1961 session, 292
    • UN Human Rights Commission 1962 session, 294
    • Universal Declaration of Human Rights anniversary, observance, 296
  • Trezise, Philip, 65
  • Trost, Edward J., 165
  • Truman, Harry S, 115, 196, 295
  • Tshombe, Moise, 224, 226, 241
  • Tsiang, T. F., 180
  • Tubby, Roger W., 29, 35, 119, 124, 127, 320, 363, 398, 399
  • Tuch, Hans, 134, 138, 153
  • Tunisia, 150, 318
  • Tunkin, G. I., 456
  • Turkey, 486
  • Turner, Bruce R., 209, 240, 244
  • Tuthill, John W., 132
  • Tweedsmuir, Lady, 322
  • Tyler, William R., 157, 166, 265, 285, 355, 375, 411, 503
  • Tyree, Adm. David, 460, 466
  • UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs. See under Narcotics control.
  • UN Development Authority, 177
  • UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) (see also Enlargement of councils under United Nations), 176
  • UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 245
  • UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) program:
    • Algerian refugees in Morocco and Tunisia, 318
    • Chinese refugees in Hong Kong and Macau, 314, 318
    • Continuation of UNHCR Office for 5 years, 320, 321
    • Country clearance programs, 314, 318
    • Deputy High Commissioner, appointment of, 308, 309, 310, 316
    • European refugees’ removal from Mainland China, 322
    • Executive Committee, 325
    • Housing for refugees in France, 322
    • Identification of refugee situations, 313
    • Latin America program, 322
    • Liquidation of UNHCR Office, proposed, 315
    • Rwanda refugees, 322
    • Schnyder’s reappointment as High Commissioner, 323, 324
    • Shift in emphasis to refugees in non-European countries, 311, 312, 313, 314
    • Transport of refugees, financing of, 314
    • U.S. contributions, 313, 317, 319
    • World Refugee Year, 311
  • UN Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA), 171, 216
  • UN Trusteeship Council, 171
  • United Arab Republic, 248
  • United Kingdom:
    • Antarctica, 461
      • Consultative Meeting (1962), 463, 464
      • Inspection system, 466
      • Military personnel in, 477
      • Arms control and disarmament issues, public opinion on, 147
    • Communications satellites, 440, 441, 443
    • Congo, 203
    • Kennedy’s European trip, reaction to, 150
    • Narcotics control, 328, 338, 339, 340, 343
    • “Six-plus-six” territorial sea/fishing zone proposal, 486, 496
    • Space program, 366
    • UN High Commissioner for Refugees program, 314, 318, 322
    • United Nations:
      • Arms control and disarmament, 186
      • Chinese representation, 133, 199, 200, 204, 205
      • Colonialism, 186, 234, 259, 260
      • Committee on Information, 171
      • Congo reconciliation, 224
      • Enlargement of councils, 220, 222, 277, 286
      • Malta, 255
      • Non-essential subjects, avoidance of, 162
      • Peacekeeping operations, 206
      • Peacekeeping operations financing, 254
      • Secretary-General election (1962), 223, 231
      • Security Council elections (1963), 257
      • Southern Rhodesia, 226, 247, 251, 255
      • Southwest Africa, 247, 255
  • United Nations (see also Human rights; Narcotics control; UN High Commissioner for Refugees program; other UN headings):
  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights anniversary observance, 296
  • Uruguay, 486
  • U.S. Committee for the United Nations, 196
  • U.S. Information Agency. See Information policy.
  • U.S. Intelligence Board (USIB), 80, 82, 84, 99
  • U.S. Weather Bureau, 353
  • Usher, Richard E., 378
  • U.S.-Japan Committee on Scientific Cooperation, 355
  • U.S.-Soviet space cooperation, 358, 414, 415
    • Agreement on cooperative projects, 392, 394, 400
    • Arms control and disarmament and, 391
    • Bilateral talks concerning, 390, 391, 392, 393, 396, 397, 398, 399, 404
    • Implementation of agreed program, 402, 404, 412
    • Kennedy’s speech to UN General Assembly and, 403
    • Lunar exploration/landing, 387, 401, 404, 405, 406, 407, 408, 409, 411, 412
    • Propaganda concerns, 386
    • Soviet advantage in weight-lifting capability, 386
    • U.S. commitment to implement agreement, 395
    • U.S. official responsible for, 410
    • U.S. proposals for, 387, 388, 389
    • Webb’s report on, 413
  • Ustinov, Vladimir I., 397
  • Vaille, Charles, 345
  • Van der Essen, A., 469, 482
  • Van Heuven, Martin H. A., 190, 218, 294, 295
  • Vance, Cyrus, 90
  • Vassilieva, V. V., 328
  • Vaughan, David B., 209, 284
  • Vedeler, Harold C., 153
  • Veliotes, N. A., 48
  • Velletri, August, 351, 355
  • Vertes, I., 328, 345
  • Vietnam, Republic of, 177, 224
  • Voice of America, 122, 156, 158
  • Voice of UN Command in Korea (VUNC), 122, 128
  • Wabeke, Bertus H., 199, 204, 274
  • Wachuku, Jaja Anucha, 186, 210, 220, 225, 226, 227, 270, 271
  • Wallner, Woodruff, 53, 168, 172, 178, 179, 180, 196, 204, 224, 227, 237, 243, 249, 256, 257, 309, 358, 456, 461
  • Walsh, John P., 277
  • Walske, Dr., 355
  • Wang Yun-wa, 181
  • Warren, George, 310, 379
  • Washburn, Abbott, 117
  • Washburn, John N., 227, 297
  • Waterman, Alan T., 353, 357
  • Watters, Harry J., 356
  • Weathersby, W. H., 148
  • Webb, James E., 349, 379, 388, 391
    • Communications satellites, 376
    • Space program:
      • Apollo program, highest priority for, 370, 371
      • Coordination of NASA and Defense activities, 377, 382
      • Cost-cutting effort, 384
      • Foreign relations opportunities in, 358
      • Funding for, 359, 376
      • Impacts of space vehicles on foreign territory, 361, 368
      • International projects, 376
      • Lunar exploration/landing, 376
      • Military space programs, 405
      • Public relations for, 385
      • Research and technology program, 376
      • Space science, 376
      • 10-year plan, 359
      • University participation, 376
    • U.S.-Soviet space cooperation, 358, 394, 404
      • Lunar exploration/landing, 405, 406
      • U.S. official responsible for, 410
      • Webb’s report on, 413
  • Welch, Leo D., 448
  • Welensky, Sir Roy, 224
  • Wellborn, Vice Adm. Charles, Jr., 211
  • Wellons, Alfred E., 178, 181, 213
  • Welsh, Edward C., 367, 376, 379, 391, 392
  • West New Guinea, 195, 207, 209, 224
  • Westfall, Virginia C., 254, 268, 278, 310
  • Wexler, Harry, 453
  • Wheelon, Albert, D., 110
  • White, Lee C., 327
  • White, Lincoln, 172
  • White, Rollie H., 378
  • White House and interdepartmental coordination (see also National Security Council):
    • Country and regional policy papers, preparation of, 17
    • Crises, systematic planning for, 6, 7, 9, 12, 14, 18, 22
    • Decision-making process in Executive branch, 24
    • Field visits by interdepartmental teams, 19, 20
    • Kennedy’s schedule for briefings, 13
    • Operations Center, 14, 48
    • Planning tasks, 25
    • Transition of administrations, 1, 2, 3
  • Whitman, Walter G., 358, 415
  • Widmark, Richard, 151
  • Wiesender, Margaret, 322
  • Wiesner, Jerome B., 3, 353, 356, 391
    • Communications satellites, 436
    • International science issues:
      • Foreign policy and science, relationship between, 348
      • Role as Kennedy’s science assistant, 346
      • State Department guidance of overseas scientific programs, 348
    • Peaceful uses of outer space, 415, 421
      • Reconnaissance satellite program and, 416
      • Weapons of mass destruction in orbit, prohibition of, 424
    • Space program, 377, 386
    • U.S.-Soviet space cooperation, 386, 408
  • Wilcox, Francis O., 326
  • Wiley, Alexander, 194
  • Wilkins, Roy, 302
  • Williams, G. Mennen, 2, 29, 35, 44, 183, 224, 265, 273, 360, 361
  • Williams, William L. S., 378
  • Williamson, Francis T., 397
  • Williamson, Larry C., 164
  • Wilson, Donald M., 117, 119, 120, 134, 136, 146, 147, 149, 150, 152, 153, 158
  • Wilson, John T., 355
  • Wilson, Thomas W., 174, 411, 439, 448, 455
  • Wirts, Willard, 9
  • Women’s Rights Convention, 295, 300
  • Wood, Capt. Robert E., 379
  • World Health Organization (WHO), 282
  • World Meteorological Organization (WMO), 282, 353
  • Wright, Adm. Jerauld, 86
  • Yates, Gilbert E., 329, 345
  • Yates, Sidney R., 255
  • Yeh, George K. C., 180
  • Yemen, 248, 289
  • Yingling, Raymond T., 484, 486, 487, 488, 489, 496, 498
  • Yost, Charles W., 162, 165, 168, 177, 187, 207, 284, 287, 299
  • Young, Whitney, 302
  • Youngerman, Joseph C., 151
  • Yugoslavia, 318
  • Zablocki, Clement, 194
  • Zafrulla Khan, Sir Mohammed, 214, 226
  • Zeytinoglu, Nasir, 330
  • Zhukov, G., 356
  • Zhulin, 402
  • Ziehl, Wilbur H., 215, 218, 237, 243, 250, 254, 279
  • Zinnemann, Fred, 151
  • Zolotas, Xenophon, 331
  • Zorin, Valerian A., 165, 169, 187, 190, 231, 365, 395, 414