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U.S. Efforts to Secure the Withdrawal of the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission From Korea; The Question of the Introduction of Advanced Weapons Into Korea


2. Memorandum of a Conversation Between the Secretary of State and the Korean Ambassador (Yang), Department of State, Washington, January 7, 1955

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.95B/1–755. Confidential. Drafted by William G. Jones.


3. Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.95B/1–855. Secret. Repeated to Tokyo.


4. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/1–1255. Top Secret. Drafted by Robert J. G. McClurkin, initialed by Robertson, and sent through Robert R. Bowie and Robert Murphy, Deputy Under Secretary of State.


5. Letter From the Acting Secretary of Defense (Anderson) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/1–1355. Top Secret.


6. Memorandum From the Joint Chiefs of Staff to the Secretary of Defense (Wilson)

Source: Washington National Records Center, OASD/ISA Files: FRC 60 B 1025, 092 Korea. Top Secret.


7. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Korea

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/1–2755. Secret. Drafted by Jones, cleared with IO and EUR, and approved by McClurkin. Repeated to Bern, Stockholm, London, Paris, Tokyo, Warsaw, and Prague.


8. Letter From President Eisenhower to President Rhee

Source: Department of State, S/S Files: Lot 66 D 204, Eisenhower/Dulles Correspondence with Rhee. No classification marking. Drafted in NA by Jones and sent to Seoul in telegram 498, February 4. (Ibid., Central Files, 611.95B/2–455) Ambassador Briggs transmitted the letter in a letter to President Rhee on February 7. (Ibid., Seoul Embassy Files: Lot 59 F 180, 350 Korea 1955)


9. Memorandum From the Officer in Charge of Korean Affairs (Jones) to the Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs (McClurkin)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.5/2–155. Secret.


10. Memorandum From the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (Radford) to the Secretary of Defense Wilson)

Source: Department of State, PPS Files: Lot 66 D 70, Korea. Top Secret.


11. Memorandum of Discussion at the 235th Meeting of the National Security Council, Washington, February 3, 1955

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, NSC Records. Top Secret. Drafted by S. Everett Gleason on February 4.


12. Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/2–455. Confidential. Repeated to Stockholm, Bern, and Tokyo.


13. Memorandum on the Substance of Discussion at the Department of State–Joint Chiefs of Staff Meeting, Washington, February 4, 1955, 11:30 a.m.

Source: Department of State, State–JCS Meetings: Lot 61 D 417. Top Secret. A note on the title page reads: “State Draft. Not cleared with any of participants.”


14. Telegram From the Department of the Army to the Commander in Chief, United Nations Command (Hull)

Source: Department of Defense Files. Top Secret. Repeated to Ambassador Briggs and the Senior Member of UNCMAC in Seoul.


15. Memorandum From the Acting Secretary of State to the President

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/2–755. Top Secret.


16. Telegram From the Commander in Chief, United Nations Command (Hull) to the Joint Chiefs of Staff

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/2–755. Top Secret; Operational Immediate. Repeated to Ambassador Briggs and the Senior Member of UNCMAC Korea.


17. Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/2–755. Top Secret; Priority. Repeated to Tokyo.


18. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Korea

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/2–955. Secret. Drafted by Jones; cleared with EUR, UNP, and in substance with the Department of Defense; and approved by McClurkin. Repeated to Bern, Stockholm, and Tokyo.


19. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Switzerland

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/2–1155. Secret. Drafted by Jones, cleared with EUR and UNP, and approved by McClurkin. Also sent to Stockholm and repeated to Seoul and Tokyo.


20. Memorandum From the Far Eastern Regional Director, Foreign Operations Administration (Moyer) to the Director of the Foreign Operations Administration (Stassen)

Source: Washington National Records Center, FOA/ICA Files: Lot W–1444, FRC 56 A 632, Korea. Confidential. Sent through Dennis A. FitzGerald, Deputy Director of FOA. This memorandum grew out of an interagency discussion of the subject on February 14, among working-level officials of the Departments of State, Defense, and the Treasury and the Bureau of the Budget and a large contingent of FOA officials, including Stassen, FitzGerald, and Moyer. A memorandum of the discussion is ibid.


21. Memorandum From the Acting Executive Secretary of the National Security Council (Gleason) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, S/SNSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 170 Series. Top Secret; Eyes Only. Also sent to the Secretary of Defense, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Director of Central Intelligence.


22. Memorandum From the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Sebald) to the Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs (Murphy)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/2–2355. Confidential. Drafted by Jones and concurred in by FE, IO, and EUR.


23. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Korea

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/2–2555. Secret. Drafted by Jones and Walter H. Drew of NA; cleared with FE, UNP, P, and in substance with the Department of Defense; and approved by McClurkin. Repeated to Bern, Stockholm, and Tokyo.


24. National Security Council Report

Source: Department of State, S/SNSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5514 Series. Top Secret. Annex B “Joint Policy Declaration,” Annex C “NSC Action No. 1004 dated January 8, 1954,” and a “Summary Statement of Economic and Military Assistance to Korea” are not printed. In a Progress Report on December 30, 1954, the Operations Coordinating Board reported to the NSC that NSC 170/1 had become “partially obsolete” and should be revised. (For text of NSC 170/1, see Foreign Relations, 1952–1954, vol. XV, Part 2, pp. 16201624.) The Progress Report is Ibid., pp. 1942–1956. On January 19, 1955, Assistant Secretary Robertson sent a memorandum to Secretary Dulles recommending that the Department support the development of a new policy paper on Korea. On February 10, the Department of State member of the NSC Planning Board transmitted to the Board a draft paper entitled “U.S. Objectives and Courses of Action in Korea,” which was prepared in the Department. The Board Assistants of the Planning Board reworked the Department of State draft and submitted a revised version to the Planning Board on February 18. The final draft printed here was approved for transmittal to the NSC by the Planning Board on February 24. (Copies of Robertson’s January 19 memorandum, the Department of State draft, and the Planning Board draft of this paper are in Department of State, S/PNSC Files: Lot 61 D 167, Korea, U.S. Objectives and Courses of Action)


25. Telegram From the Commander in Chief, United Nations Command (Hull) to the Joint Chiefs of Staff

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 218, JCS Records, CCS 383.21 Korea (3–19–45) (2). Secret. Repeated to Ambassador Briggs, CG AFFE/ Army Eight, DEPACOMARMYEIGHT FWD KOREA, Sr Mbr UNCMAC, COMFEAF, and COMNAVFE.


26. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Korea

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/3–255. Confidential. Drafted by McClurkin and cleared with EUR. Also sent to Stockholm, Bern, and Tokyo.


27. Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/3–855. Confidential. Repeated to Bern, Stockholm, and Tokyo.


28. Telegram From the Embassy in Korea to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 033.1100–ST/3–855. Confidential; Priority. Repeated to Tokyo.


29. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Switzerland

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 795.00/3–855. Secret. Drafted by Jones and approved by McClurkin. Also sent to Stockholm and repeated to Seoul and Tokyo.


30. Memorandum of Discussion at the 240th Meeting of the National Security Council, Washington, March 10, 1955

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, NSC Records. Top Secret. Drafted by Gleason on March 11.