List of Papers

(Unless otherwise specified, the correspondence is from or to officials in the Department of State.)

ALBANIA

Complaint by the Albanian Government Against a “March op Time” Newsreel and Expression op Regret by the United States

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Oct. 29 (230) From the Chargé in Albania
Foreign Minister’s protest against alleged forgeries introduced into a film on Albania by a representative of “The March of Time”, and his inquiry regarding U. S. action against the offender; Chargé’s explanation that U. S. Government has no control over production and showing of films.
1
Nov. 23 (22) To the Chargé in Albania (tel.)
Authorization to present to the Foreign Minister a message (text printed) expressing regret at occurrence that might reflect upon the ties of friendship between the two countries.
2
Nov. 27 (36) From the Chargé in Albania (tel.)
Cordial reception of message by the Prime Minister.
3

AUSTRIA

Preliminary Discussions Respecting a Trade Agreement Between the United States and Austria

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Oct. 13 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs
Conversation with the Austrian Minister regarding action to improve Austria’s unfavorable trade balance with the United States; his favorable attitude toward U. S. trade agreements program and hope that Austria eventually will come into the system.
4
Dec. 17 (995) From the Minister in Austria
Résumé of conversations with Foreign Office officials, who expressed keen interest in the U. S. trade agreements program; impression that Austria would not initiate trade agreement conversations until her relationships with some of her neighbors are cleared up.
5
Dec. 29 (1001) From the Minister in Austria
Information regarding trade negotiations between Germany and Austria, and their probable effect on Austrian attitude toward trade negotiations with the United States.
7
[Page VIII]

BELGIUM

Postponement of Negotiations Respecting a Supplementary Trade Agreement Between the United States and Belgium

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Aug. 11 To the Belgian Ambassador
Receipt and consideration of the Belgian counterproposals to the draft of general provisions intended to complete the reciprocal trade agreement signed February 27, 1935, and reasons for suggesting that matter of supplementing the present provisions of the agreement by those of a more general character be held in abeyance.
10
Sept. 16 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Transmittal of an informal memorandum by the Counselor of the Belgian Embassy, suggesting three subjects which he thought might be looked into without waiting for negotiation of the general provisions.
11
Oct. 14 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Outline of U. S. economic policy in a conversation with the Belgian Ambassador.
11

Exchange of Views Between the United States and Belgium Respecting the Interpretation of the Naturalization Convention of November 16, 1868

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Mar. 23 (1005) From the Belgian Ambassador
Inquiry as to whether United States views article I of the U. S.-Belgian Naturalization Convention of 1868 as applicable to minor children acquiring citizenship through the naturalization of their parents.
12
Apr. 17 To the Belgian Ambassador
U. S. view that article I was intended to include minor children acquiring citizenship through the naturalization of their parents.
13
July 29 (D. 2668 No. 2919) From the Belgian Ambassador
View of Belgian Government that the scope of article I is confined to the naturalized person himself, and in no way contemplates the nationality of his descendants.
16
Sept. 14 To the Belgian Ambassador
Further discussion and elaboration of the U. S. position.
19

Arrangement Between the United States and Belgium for Relief From Double Income Tax on Shipping Profits, Effected by Exchange of Notes Signed January 28, 1936

(Note: Citation to texts of notes exchanged.) 23

CZECHOSLOVAKIA

Representations regarding alleged discrimination against American trade in Czechoslovakia

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Jan. 24 (374) From the Minister in Czechoslovakia
Résumé of a conversation with the Czechoslovak Minister to the United States, temporarily in Prague, concerning Czechoslovak discrimination against American products.
24
[Page IX]1936 Apr. 7 (113) To the Minister in Czechoslovakia
Note for Foreign Office (text printed) expressing dissatisfaction with operation of the modus vivendi of March 29, 1935.
28
Apr. 30 Memorandum by the Assistant Chief of the Division of Trade Agreements
Conversation with the Czechoslovak Minister, who indicated Czechoslovak readiness to abolish discriminations against American merchandise in favor of non-Danubian countries, and who promised a complete list of Danubian preferences.
32
May 6 (437) From the Minister in Czechoslovakia
Advice that note transmitted in Department’s No. 113, April 7, was presented to the Foreign Office on April 27. Account of discussion with Foreign Office officials, April 29, and submission of an aide-mémoire relative to specific items of discrimination.
33
May 19 (11) From the Minister in Czechoslovakia (tel.)
Czechoslovak reply to the Minister’s aide-mémoire submitted on April 29 regarding specific items of discrimination.
35
May 19 (441) From the Minister in Czechoslovakia
Account of further developments, and transmittal of documents in connection with the discussion of the modus vivendi governing U. S.-Czechoslovak trade relations.
37
May 29 (15) From the Minister in Czechoslovakia (tel.)
Conclusion of conversations with Czech officials, and list of further accomplishments.
40
June 4 Memorandum by the Assistant Chief of the Division of Trade Agreements
Discussion of Department officials with Czechoslovak Minister and First Secretary of Legation with regard to Danubian preferences and the removal of Czechoslovak preferences to non-Danubian countries.
40
July 2 Memorandum by the Assistant Chief of the Division of Trade Agreements
Further conversation with Czechoslovak Minister and First Secretary relative to U. S. commercial relations with Czechoslovakia.
41
July 11 From the Czechoslovak Minister
Reply to U. S. aide-ménoire of November 27, 1935, indicating Czechoslovak willingness to meet all objections raised against the application of the modus vivendi of March 29, 1935, and to settle through diplomatic channels all cases brought to its attention.
43
July 14 Memorandum by the Acting Chief of the Division of Trade Agreements
Analysis of Czechoslovak note of July 11; opinion that the present discussions have provided a basis for representations regarding Czechoslovak discrimination against U. S. trade and have left the door open for conclusion of a more satisfactory trade agreement.
44
[Page X]1936 Oct. 8 Memorandum by the Economic Adviser
Receipt of a note (infra) from the Czechoslovak Chargé indicating his Government’s intention to relax trade barriers and exchange controls; explanation to Chargé that the whole question of trade discriminations is under reexamination to determine whether most-favored-nation treatment could be continued under present conditions.
45
Oct. 8 From the Czechoslovak Chargé
Information that the Czechoslovak Government is examining a constructive plan, especially concerning the system of exchange control, in support of the interests designed to promote free flow of international trade.
(Footnote: Government’s intention to submit to Parliament a bill to reduce the gold content of its money.)
46
Nov. 2 To the Czechoslovak Chargé
Reaffirmation of importance attached by the United States to removal of restrictive trade barriers.
46
Nov. 5 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Résumé of a conversation with Czechoslovak Legation officials concerning possible U. S. denunciation of the modus vivendi unless equality of treatment were given to American trade.
47
Nov. 10 (156) To the Minister in Czechoslovakia
Note for the Foreign Office (text printed) making representations against constant disabilities being put in the way of American trade in Czechoslovakia, and indicating that, unless these disabilities are corrected, the agreement will be abrogated by the United States.
48
Nov. 17 From the Czechoslovak Chargé
Indication that the Czechoslovak Government, upon enactment of its currency devaluation, had outlined plans for the relaxation of foreign trade control, and its belief that obstacles to American commerce no longer exist. Czech desire to know, however, of specific instances considered contrary to provisions of the modus vivendi.
52
Nov. 25 (597) From the Minister in Czechoslovakia
Résumé of conversation with the Foreign Minister upon delivery of the note embodied in Department’s No. 156, November 10.
53
Undated To the Czechoslovak Chargé
Reply to note of November 17, indicating that any discussion of the questions already broached with the Czechoslovak Foreign Minister will be carried on in Prague; transmittal of copy of the note which was presented to the Czech Foreign Minister at Prague on November 25.
57
Dec. 4 (605) From the Minister in Czechoslovakia
Account of a discussion with an official of the Foreign Office; belief that confirmation of unconditional acceptance of the principles of the modus vivendi will be obtained shortly.
58
[Page XI]1936 Dec. 24 (62) From the Minister in Czechoslovakia (tel.)
Receipt of written statement of the National Bank indicating allotment of exchange for all American goods in accordance with provisions of the agreement of March 29, 1935; advice that early written confirmation of other satisfactorily resolved points has been promised.
64

ESTONIA

Desire of the Estonian Government for Modification of the Commercial Treaty of 1925; Preliminary Discussions Regarding a Trade Agreement

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Apr. 11 (3) To the Chargé in Estonia (tel.)
Advice that amendment of the commercial treaty of 1925 with Estonia cannot be concluded before May 22; instructions to suggest that Estonia withdraw before May 21 its notice of intention to modify the treaty, and give a new notice of intention on May 22, thus extending the present treaty for one year.
66
Apr. 22 (4) From the Chargé in Estonia (tel.)
Foreign Office note indicating Estonian withdrawal of notice of intention, and confirming the desire to modify the existing treaty on May 22, 1937, at the latest.
67
Apr. 22 Memorandum by the Chargé in Estonia of a Conversation With the Director of the Foreign Trade Department of the Estonian Foreign Office
Hope of Wirgo, Director of the Foreign Trade Department, that conclusion of a modified treaty would prove a means to equalize U. S.–Estonian trade balance.
67
May 21 (4) To the Chargé in Estonia (tel.)
Instructions to inform Foreign Office that the U. S. Government accepts Estonian note of April 22 as withdrawal of notice of May 21, 1935, to terminate the treaty of 1925, thus prolonging the treaty for one year.
68
Sept. 17 (3 Diplo.) From the Minister in Estonia
Wirgo’s inquiry concerning U. S. attitude toward a reciprocal trade agreement which would remedy Estonia’s unfavorable trade balance with the United States, with special reference to customs duty reductions for certain Estonian commodities.
69
Nov. 4 (24 Diplo.) From the Chargé in Estonia
Favorable attitude of the Minister for Economic Affairs toward the development of commodity exchanges between the United States and Estonia; impression that no attempt would be made to place a serious check upon admission of American staple products into Estonia.
72
[Page XII]1936 Jan. 17 Memorandum by Mr. Landreth M. Harrison of the Division of Eastern European Affairs
Transmittal to Finnish Minister of U. S. reply to Finnish counterproposals for the general provisions to be included in the proposed American-Finnish trade agreement.
73
Feb. 24 Memorandum by Mr. Landreth M. Harrison of the Division of Eastern European Affairs
Finnish reply to U. S. counterproposals indicating desire for minor changes, and requesting elimination of the termination provisions.
(Footnote: Information relative to termination provisions, and text of the article under particular discussion.)
73
Mar. 20 To President Roosevelt
Advice that negotiations for a satisfactory trade agreement with Finland are practically completed, and request for approval of certain minor concessions.
(Footnote: Information that these concessions were made in the agreement.)
74
Mar. 23 Memorandum by Mr. Landreth M. Harrison of the Division of Eastern European Affairs
Conversation between Department officials and Finnish representatives, during which the Finnish reply to certain U. S. proposals was presented, and reasons were discussed for Finnish unwillingness to accept the optional termination provisions.
75
Mar. 24 Memorandum by Mr. Landreth M. Harrison of the Division of Eastern European Affairs
Notification to the Finnish Legation that the United States cannot accept the Finnish proposal to omit all optional termination provisions, because such provisions are required for legal or general policy reasons.
76
Mar. 30 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Conversation with the Finnish Minister, who said that he would urge his Government’s agreement on the remaining trade agreement provisions.
77
Apr. 1 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Eastern European Affairs
Conversation with Finnish Legation members during which a telegram from the Finnish Foreign Office was read, indicating acceptance of the termination provisions except for article 14 (article 16 in the revised draft of March 24).
77
Apr. 4 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Eastern European Affairs
Further conversation relative to the omission of article 16, and reasons for Department’s disinclination to omit that article.
78
Apr. 8 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Eastern European Affairs
Finnish insistence on omission of article 16 from the trade agreement under negotiation.
79
Apr. 10 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Eastern European Affairs
Decision of the U. S. Government to omit the disputed article.
79
[Page XIII]1936 May 4 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Eastern European Affairs
Reply to a Finnish proposal to put the trade agreement into force provisionally, prior to its approval by the Finnish Diet, indicating U. S. preference for prior approval by the Diet.
80
(Note: Citation to text of trade agreement signed May 18, and related documents.) 80

Representations by the Finnish Government in Support of Claims Against the United States Arising From the Detention of Finnish Ships in American Harbors

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Mar. 26 From the Finnish Minister
Representations with regard to shipping claims of Finnish nationals against the U. S. Government, and request that Finnish shipowners be permitted to be heard before a disinterested court.
81
Mar. 30 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Conversation with the Finnish Minister with a view to deciding on a judicial tribunal before which the Finnish claims might be heard.
81
Apr. 6 Memorandum by the Legal Adviser to Mr. Jacob Metzger of the Office of the Legal Adviser
Advice that it has been decided to submit Finnish shipping claims to the Court of Claims with right of appeal to the Supreme Court, and to ask Congress for authorization; request that Metzger draft a bill and recommendations to Congress.
82
June 4 To President Roosevelt
Transmittal of a draft bill which, if enacted into law, would enable Finnish owners to present their claims to the Court of Claims; recommendation that bill be submitted to Congress for enactment of legislation.
82
(Note: Information on court decisions.) 84

FRANCE

Reciprocal Trade Agreement Between the United States and France, Signed May 6, 1936; Disinclination op the United States To Discuss Additional Trade Concessions

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Jan. 21 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Résumé of a conversation with French Ambassador Laboulaye regarding difficulties in the pending trade agreement negotiations; U. S. intention to prepare new suggestions in an effort to find a formula to accommodate the very restricted French proposals.
85
Jan. 30 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Presentation to Laboulaye of a memorandum (infra) and the new proposals, with remarks on the necessity of restoring multilateral trade.
86
[Page XIV]1936 Jan. 30 To the French Embassy
Aide-mémoire reviewing the negotiations, with an annotated statement of mutual concessions and assurances which should be embodied in the proposed agreement.
87
Mar. 31 (108) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Summary of a conversation with Laboulaye, during which he was told that the United States could not accept a one-Fided agreement, as the entire trade agreements program would be discredited if any one of the agreements should be taken off the basis of equality.
90
Apr. 2 Memorandum by the Counselor of Embassy in France
Conversation with the Minister of Commerce, who expressed faith in the liberal trade policy as pursued by the United States, but feared that it would be a Jong pull before much of a tangible nature could be accomplished in the major countries of the world.
91
Apr. 30 Memorandum by the Under Secretary of State
Advice from the French Ambassador that his Government had accepted substantially all of the concessions requested by the United States; discussion regarding time of signing and publicity.
92
(Note: Citation to text of trade agreement signed May 6, and related documents.) 93
Oct. 27 Memorandum by the Assistant Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs
Meeting of officials from State, Commerce, and Agriculture Departments and the Tariff Commission, with view to analyzing the effect of French devaluation on Franco-American commerce.
93
Oct. 30 (1067) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Interest of certain French officials in an agreement with Great Britain and the United States to reduce trade restrictions; their invitation to Herbert Feis, Economic Adviser, to come to Paris and London on a visit.
94
Nov. 3 (443) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Expression of interest in French proposal toward reduction of restrictions to international trade, and request for more information prior to consideration of sending officials.
95
Nov. 4 (444) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to informally assure French officials of U. S. interest in the adoption of measures for lowering trade barriers; belief that at present no specific requests should be made.
96
Dec. 3 (63) From the Acting Secretary of State to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Information from Ambassador in France that reductions in trade barriers contemplated by the French are limited to minor quota liberalizations, and that Ministries seem to be awaiting U. S. specific requests; instructions sent to the Ambassador indicating reasons for not seeking particular benefits.
(Footnote: Information that the Secretary was in Buenos Aires at the Inter-American Conference for the Maintenance of Peace.)
97
[Page XV]1936 Dec. 10 (1228) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Advice of conversation with the Foreign Office and subsequent receipt of an aide-mémoire making it apparent that no steps on general lines are contemplated, but only specific concessions on a quid pro quo basis.
97
Dec. 30 (557) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Disinclination to take up a proposal made by the French Ambassador regarding an arrangement outside the trade agreement to be consummated by an exchange of notes, under which France would extend to the United States certain supplementary quotas in exchange for certain tariff reductions.
98

Discussions Concerning Tax Difficulties Between the United States and France With Especial Reference to French Proposal for an Addendum to the Double Taxation Convention of April 27, 1932

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Dec. 3 (2339) From the Ambassador in France
Information that certain members of the New York Stock Exchange are contesting a suit by the French fiscal authorities to enforce collection of a French stock exchange transfer tax upon purchases and sales of securities, dealt in on the New York Stock Exchange, for the account of persons resident in France.
99
Dec. 21 (502) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to leave a memorandum at the Foreign Office (substance printed) making representations in the tax matter.
100
1936 Jan. 9 (2440) From the Ambassador in France
Information on consultation with attorneys for the American brokerage houses in France, and on representations made to the Foreign Office, in a note dated January 7, on basis outlined by the Department.
101
Mar. 24 (2629) From the Ambassador in France
Reference to the French proposal for an addendum to the double taxation convention of 1932, with a detailed review of attempts made to deal with the problem, and reasons for suggesting sympathetic scrutiny of the proposal.
102
Apr. 1 (1257) To the Ambassador in France
Information from the Treasury Department that, in view of pending legislation on the issue of taxation of nonresident aliens, it is unable at this time to reach a decision on the addendum.
104
May 1 (1299) To the Ambassador in France
Acknowledgment of receipt of French regulations in connection with the application of the provisions of the double taxation convention, and information that copies were sent to numerous firms and individuals; quotation from the proposed 1936 Revenue Bill and from a pertinent report of the House Ways and Means Committee.
104
[Page XVI]1936 May 8 (141) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to seek French Government agreement to a 3-month extension of the time allowed for filing of declarations by American corporations, to permit time for study of the French regulations.
106
May 11 (392) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Foreign Office willingness to take up the matter of extension with the Ministry of Finance if request is presented in writing; advice that note is being submitted.
107
May 14 (2758) From the Ambassador in France
Foreign Office reply (text printed) to Embassy’s note of January 7 regarding the application of the French stock exchange transfer tax; view of attorney for American firms in France that, although U. S. representations have not been acceded to, the way is left open for negotiations.
107
May 29 (2797) From the Ambassador in France
French publication of a decree concerning application of article IX of the double taxation convention, exempting Americans from payment of certain taxes.
111
June 4 (456) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Advice from Foreign Office that it is impossible, owing to legal reasons, to extend the period for filing double tax convention declarations.
112
Sept. 4 (3049) From the Chargé in France
Account of representations relative to application of the terms of the convention with respect to the general income tax, and of French indication regarding concessions on a reciprocal basis. Foreign Office inquiry as to Department’s position on suggested French addendum.
112
Oct. 13 (1504) To the Chargé in France
Note for Foreign Office (substance printed) in behalf of the Guarantee Trust Company of New York, protesting against the present basis of the application of the “patente” tax to the company’s business in France; observations on problems connected with the convention.
115
Oct. 13 To the Ambassador in France
Permission to informally support the postponement of a certain tax case as desired by the attorney for American brokers in France.
119
Nov. 10 (96) From the Ambassador in France
Memorandum (text printed) by Messrs. King and de Wolf of the U. S. Treasury and State Departments, respectively, concerning informal conversations with French officials relative to specialized phases of the tax difficulties outstanding between the two Governments.
120
Nov. 12 (105) From the Ambassador in France
Information that it was thought advisable not to make representations to the Foreign Office on the Guarantee Trust Company matter, pending discussions which King and de Wolf plan to have in Washington on question of whether United States desires to open negotiations on the proposed addendum to the double taxation convention.
124
[Page XVII]1936 May 20 From the French Chargé
Representations against an amendment to the liquor tax bill passed by the Senate permitting the use by American wine producers of certain French wine names; opinion that final adoption of this amendment would seriously compromise the good results expected from the trade agreement recently signed.
125
June 13 Memorandum by the Assistant Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs
Conversation between the Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs and the French Chargé, who was apprised of the Secretary’s efforts in behalf of the French position.
126
June 17 To the French Chargé
Advice that French concern over the amendment to the liquor tax bill has been brought to the attention of the appropriate committees in Congress.
127
June 29 (203) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to inform the Foreign Minister of the Department’s efforts toward finding a satisfactory solution to the liquor tax law matter.
(Footnote: Approval of the liquor tax law on June 26.)
127
June 30 (563) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Foreign Office concern as to the effect the enforcement of the liquor tax law would have on ratification of the trade agreement by Parliament.
127

Agreement Between the United States and France for the Suppression of Customs Frauds, Effected by Exchange of Notes, December 10 and 12, 1936

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Mar. 9 (2595) From the Ambassador in France
Foreign Office note (text printed) enclosing a draft convention, proposing the conclusion of an agreement for cooperation between the customs services of France and the United States, whereby customs frauds might be detected.
128
Oct. 10 (1500) To the Chargé in France
Approval of draft convention in substance, and instructions to transmit U. S. counterdraft, incorporating certain changes, to the Foreign Office.
130
Dec. 3 (1188) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
French inquiry relative to the removal of restrictions against public use of certain information furnished by the U. S. Customs Bureau; recommendation that restrictions be lifted at once.
131
Dec. 4 (500) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Willingness of the Commerce Department to release customs information immediately after agreement is in force.
131
(Note: Citation to texts of notes, signed December 10 and 12.) 131
[Page XVIII]1936 Dec. 14 (1251) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Notification that exchange of notes has taken place, effective December 15; request for authorization to inform the French Government that it may use U. S. customs information in the courts as of that date.
(Footnote: Granting of authorization.)
132

Status Under French Law of American Citizens of French Origin, Particularly With Respect to Liability to Military Service in France

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Oct. 31 (1102) To the Ambassador in France
Instructions to obtain clarification of French policy regarding safe conducts for American citizens of French origin wishing to visit France without encountering difficulties with military authorities.
132
1936 Dec. 2 (166) From the Ambassador in France
Substance of Foreign Office communications in reply to Department’s No. 1102 of October 31, 1935.
134
Dec. 30 (243) From the Ambassador in France
Further information from the Foreign Office, with special reference to the Decree Law of October 30, 1935, and the Nationality Law of August 10, 1927.
137

GERMANY

Political Developments in Germany Under the National Socialist Regime; the Four-Year Economic Plan

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Mar. 8 (63) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Hitler’s dissolution of the Reichstag as of March 28, with elections set for Sunday, March 29, allegedly to obtain people’s approval of 3-year policy
140
Mar. 30 (99) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Information that Hitler received 98.79 percent of the vote, and comment on the elections; opinion that returns would strengthen Hitler’s next international move.
(Footnote: Germany’s offer on March 31 of a 19-point peace plan.)
140
Apr. 14 (2762) From the Ambassador in Germany
Further report on the election results, and on the composition of the new Reichstag.
142
July 14 (2940) From the Chargé in Germany
Report on the general political situation in Germany prior to the Olympic Games.
142
Undated [Rec’d July 23] Extract From Political Report of the Chargé in Germany
Information concerning amendments to the German Penal Code, and other important new legislation.
146
[Page XIX]1936 Sept. 11 (278) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Information on speeches made by Propaganda Minister Goebbels and Alfred Rosenberg, editor of Völkischer Beobachter, at the Nuremberg party rally.
148
Sept. 18 (3047) From the Ambassador in Germany
Analysis of German public opinion and attitude toward a possible armed conflict, with conclusion that an overwhelming majority of the German people would support any venture Hitler might undertake.
149
Sept. 24 (3062) From the Ambassador in Germany
Report on certain aspects of the Seventh Congress of the National Socialist Party, held in Nuremberg September 7–14.
152
Sept. 24 (3063) From the Ambassador in Germany
Comments on Hitler’s proclamation of a Four-Year Plan of economic self-sufficiency for Germany, made at the Nuremberg Party Congress on September 9.
154
Oct. 20 (308) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Hitler’s issuance of a decree placing execution of the Four-Year Plan in the hands of Hermann Göring; report on speculation as to the future position of Hjalmar Schacht, Minister for Economic Affairs.
155
Oct. 29 (3120) From the Ambassador in Germany
Transmittal of a press communiqué setting forth the broad outlines of the Four-Year Plan as established in a decree issued on October 23 by Göring in his new capacity of Commissioner for the Four-Year Plan.
156
Oct. 29 (318) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Resumé of a speech by Göring before high officials of the regime, including Schacht, opening the campaign to push through the Four-Year Plan.
158
Dec. 24 (3203) From the Ambassador in Germany
Comments on the military aspects of the Four-Year Plan and on a speech by Göring, in which he declared the Government’s determination to proceed to the fullest limit with the rearmament program.
159

Relations of the Nazi Regime With the Evangelical and Roman Catholic Churches

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Jan. 23 (2622) From the Ambassador in Germany
Account of developments in the relationship between the Government and the churches, with evidence that the recent conciliatory attitude of the State has produced a split in the ranks of the Evangelical opposition.
160
Jan. 30 (30) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Denunciation of Nazi paganism by the Catholic Church, and its attempt to guard itself against further State aggression. Hope of Protestant militant opposition to reorganize central Confessional administration on a more combative basis.
162
[Page XX]1936 Feb. 15 (2674) From the Ambassador in Germany
Developments affecting the situation of German churches, with indication that the Protestant Church question may soon be settled, and that Nazi attention is turned to the Catholics, who are attempting to deal with the problem through diplomatic channels.
163
Mar. 3 (2699) From the Ambassador in Germany
Report on the national Synod held in February, and victory of the militant wing of the Confessional Church which took steps to challenge further State control. Developments pertaining to the Catholic Church, where no clear lines of dispute between Church and State are drawn.
165
July 21 (2949) From the Chargé in Germany
Information concerning a memorandum, sent to Hitler by the Confessional group in May and now released to the foreign press, containing protests against the anti-Christian teachings and practices of the Nazi leaders; its possible consequences.
168
Aug. 27 (3007) From the Ambassador in Germany
Reading in churches of the Evangelical Confessional Front of a manifesto, a modified version of the memorandum sent to Hitler; opinion as to why reading was allowed; hope of Confessional group for Catholic support.
171
Sept. 2 (3015) From the Ambassador in Germany
Comments on the situation resulting from the reading in Catholic churches of a letter similar to the Confessional manifesto. Consideration of elements favoring and retarding Church-State settlement.
173
Undated [Rec’d Jan. 4, 1937] Extract From Political Report of the Ambassador in Germany
Analysis of recent events affecting State–Church relations, including an interview of Cardinal Faulhaber with Hitler, promulgation of the “State Youth Law” making membership in Hitler Youth compulsory, certain “leaks” to the foreign press, discovered by the police, and activity of “German Christians”.
175

Government Control and Nazification of Institutions of Education and Training in Germany

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Undated [Rec’d Jan. 24] Extract From Political Report of the Ambassador in Germany
Youth Leader Schirach’s New Year proclamation forecasting important changes in youth organizations amounting to conscription of the entire German youth between the ages of 10 and 14; assessment of the wide implications of the scheme.
178
Undated [Rec’d Apr. 22] Extract From Political Report of the Chargé in Germany
Minister of Education Rust’s decree forbidding registration of beginners in private schools, and making attendance in public schools compulsory for children of elementary school age; provision for “short cuts” for students specializing in aeronautics and shipbuilding.
180
[Page XXI]1936 Undated [Rec’d May 9] Extract From Political Report of the Chargé in Germany
Establishment of a Reich Academy for Physical Training, with accommodations for 500 teachers, who will be given post-graduate courses; and establishment of a Bureau of Sports under the Minister of the Interior.
180
Undated [Rec’d May 29] Extract From Political Report of the Chargé in Germany
Decrees prohibiting Party members or members of affiliated organs from joining student corps, and calling on all members of the National Socialist Student League to sever connections with the student corps.
181
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 8] Extract From Political Report of the Chargé in Germany
Duties of the primary school teacher under the National Socialist State as set forth in a pamphlet by the Bavarian Minister of Education, defining his numerous duties not only as teacher but also as a priest and missionary in the cause of National Socialism; supremacy of the National Socialist Lehrerbund in the field of teacher organizations.
181
Undated [Rec’d Oct. 9] Extract From Political Report of the Ambassador in Germany
Announcement of the revolutionary changes in the German educational system at a meeting of officials of the professional training office of the Labor Front, including a shortening of the total school period and intensified professional training in elementary schools.
182
Undated [Rec’d Oct. 24] Extract From Report of the Ambassador in Germany
Confusion in the German schools due to the new measures; trend from Confessional schools to nondenominational State schools; situation of the Catholic schools.
184
Undated [Rec’d Nov. 6] Extract From Political Report of the Ambassador in Germany
Requirement of National Socialist Party affiliation for admittance to universities and high schools; agreement between the Education and Labor Ministries providing for representation of the Party and Labor Front on school boards.
187
Undated [Rec’d Nov. 28] Extract From Political Report of the Ambassador in Germany
Outcome of conflict over political education in the universities; functions of the National Socialist Student League and the Deutsche Studentenschaft.
187
Dec. 11 (3186) From the Ambassador in Germany
Report on recent promulgation of legislation providing for compulsory membership of all children in National Socialist Youth organizations under the leadership of Baldur von Schirach.
189

Persicution of Jews in Germany

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Undated [Rec’d Jan. 24] Extract From Political Report of the Ambassador in Germany
Information and comments on a second supplementary ordinance to the Reich Citizenship Law of September 15, 1935, defining “public offices” which Jews may not hold.
192
[Page XXII]1936 Jan. 21 (546) To the Ambassador in Germany
U. S. position regarding question of the possibility of invoking article I of the Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Consular Rights between the United States and Germany, signed December 8, 1923, in connection with the application of German laws to American Jews residing in Germany.
194
Jan. 27 (2626) From the Ambassador in Germany
Transmittal of a memorandum from the British Embassy in connection with contemplated submission to the German Government of claims for compensation on behalf of British Jews residing in Germany; British position as to desirability of similar representations by other foreign missions in Berlin. Suggestion as to possible U. S. action.
194
Jan. 30 (2628) From the Ambassador in Germany
Account of German economic discrimination against Jews; significance of preparations being made for the period of the Olympic Games to rehabilitate and enhance the reputation of the “New Germany”.
197
Feb. 15 (13) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Department’s desire to pursue the policy outlined in No. 546 of January 21 with regard to rights of American citizens in Germany, and authorization to inform the British Embassy of U. S. position.
199
Feb. 25 (2688) From the Ambassador in Germany
Discussion of U. S. position with British Embassy, indicating belief that collective action would not be practicable, but that keeping in touch with other missions would be desirable with regard to effective means for protecting the interests of foreign Jews in Germany.
199
Apr. 28 (920) From the Consul General at Berlin
Exclusion of Jews from all commerce or trading in eggs, forming a precedent for further restriction of fields of livelihood.
200
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 28] Extract From Political Report of the Ambassador in Germany
Information that it has become practically impossible for Jews to obtain passports, and possible reasons for this new policy. Observation that the Jewish population awaits with fear the termination of the Olympic Games period.
201
Sept. 12 (3034) From the Ambassador in Germany
Information that certain Jews were ordered to pay the so-called capital flight tax, although they had no intention of leaving the country; opinion that a large-scale attack on Jewish property may be organized in this manner.
202
Undated [Rec’d Oct. 24] Extract From Report of the Ambassador in Germany
Report on a 3-day meeting of the National Socialist Lawyers League, with a view to taking steps to eliminate Jewish influence in the teaching and interpretation of German law.
204

American Interest in the Work of the High Commission for Refugees (Jewish and Other) Coming From Germany

Date and number Subject Page
[Page XXIII]1936 Mar. 9 (4277) From the Minister in Switzerland
Advice that Major-General Sir Neil Malcolm, appointed League of Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (Jewish and other), coming from Germany, entered upon his duties on February 14.
206
Mar. 19 (4301) From the Minister in Switzerland
Information from the Secretary General of the League that the Inter-Governmental Conference for the adoption of legal status for refugees coming from Germany will meet at Geneva on July 2, and his inquiry as to whether the United States intends to be represented at Conference.
206
Apr. 6 (27) To the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
Desire that Consul attend Conference as an observer.
207
Apr. 7 To the Secretary General of the League of Nations
Advice that the U. S. Government does not contemplate participating actively in the Conference, as the status of all persons coming to the United States is fully denned by existing legislation; but desire that an American observer attend the meetings.
207
June 6 To the Consul at Geneva
Designation of Curtis T. Everett as observer at the Inter-Governmental Refugee Conference, and instructions (text printed) for his use.
208
June 22 (240) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
Everett’s inquiry as to the scope of his activities at the Conference.
209
June 25 (79) To the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
Advice that Everett may furnish written information concerning pertinent U. S. immigration laws and regulations to the President of the Conference, or reply informally to personal inquiries.
210

Unsatisfactory Trade Relations Between the United States and Germany; German Representations Against Imposition of Countervailing Duties by the United States

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Jan. 28 (712) From the American Ambassador in Germany to the German Minister for Foreign Affairs
Formal request on behalf of the U. S. Treasury Department for detailed information on the use of blocked marks, “Aski” marks, and other procedures used to promote exports, in order that provisions of section 303 of the U. S. Tariff Act of 1930 might be fulfilled.
210
Feb. 3 Memorandum by Mr. Rudolf E. Schoenfeld of the Division of Western European Affairs
Conversation between Department and German officials on trade matters, during which the latter denied that a subsidy was paid German exporters, and stated that the “Aski” system was devised to meet the devaluation of the dollar.
213
[Page XXIV]1936 Mar. 19 (26) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to inform the German Government that, unless information requested on January 28 is received promptly, it cannot be considered before a Treasury Decision on countervailing duties on certain German imports is issued.
214
Mar. 20 (87) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Information that Foreign Office reply to note of January 28 has been approved by Minister for Economic Affairs Schacht and is expected on March 23.
215
Mar. 23 (91) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
German note dated March 20 (text printed) expressing opinion that the U. S. customs law governing the levying of countervailing duties does not apply to imports from Germany.
215
Mar. 24 (92) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
German statement (text printed) annexed to note transmitted in telegram No. 91, March 23, explaining the foreign exchange clearing methods used in commerce with the United States.
217
Mar. 30 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Trade Agreements
Conversation with Dr. Meyer, First Secretary of German Embassy, who presented German proposals (text printed) for reestablishment of most-favored-nation treatment by Germany.
221
Apr. 3 (2739) From the Ambassador in Germany
Receipt of a Foreign Office memorandum informing the Embassy of the German proposals which had been presented to the Department by Dr. Meyer.
223
Apr. 22 Memorandum by Mr. Charles F. Darlington, Jr., of the Division of Trade Agreements
List of questions concerning the interpretation of the German memorandum received March 30 for reference to the German Government.
224
May 4 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Résumé of a conversation with the Counselor of the German Embassy prior to his transfer to Berlin, who said that he would strive for German support of the U. S. international trade restoration program.
225
June 5 Memorandum by the Assistant Economic Adviser
Résumé of a conversation with Dr. Meyer concerning a Treasury order of June 4 indicating that countervailing duties would be collected on certain German goods pursuant to the provisions of section 303 of the Tariff Act of 1930.
227
June 12 (176) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
German reaction to the recent Treasury Decision, and contemplation of sending someone to Washington with a view to clarifying the situation and trying to make a satisfactory arrangement.
229
June 13 (179) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Further information on German reaction to Treasury Decision; opinion that Decision affords a certain U. S. bargaining advantage.
230
[Page XXV]1936 June 15 Memorandum by the Assistant Economic Adviser
Résumé of a conversation with Dr. Meyer upon his presentation of a formal German note (infra) protesting against the Treasury Decision.
230
June 15 From the German Ambassador
Formal protest against Treasury Decision 48360 of June 4, with reiteration of statements contained in note of March 20 (transmitted in U. S. Ambassador’s telegram No. 91, March 23).
233
June 17 (187) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Forthcoming departure of two officials of the Ministry of Economics, Brinkmann and Imhoff, for the United States to discuss German-American trade relations; understanding that Brinkmann has full powers to discuss recent Treasury Decision and to conclude arrangement with U. S. authorities toward maintenance of present trade.
234
June 20 (194) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Conversation with Brinkmann, who has had no word from Washington to show U. S. desire for his visit; Chargé’s favorable impression of Brinkmann, and belief that his visit would contribute to the solution of the particular question at issue, as well as to German understanding of U. S. economic policy.
235
June 22 (19) To the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Willingness to receive Brinkmann subject to understanding that laws on countervailing duties are mandatory and that the Executive Branch of the Government cannot waive their application.
235
June 24 To the German Ambassador
Acknowledgment of German note of June 15, indicating that the matter has been referred to the competent authorities.
236
June 24 From the German Embassy
Detailed reply to the questionnaire based on the memorandum of April 22 by Mr. Darlington of the Division of Trade Agreements.
236
July 6 Memorandum by Mr. Rudolf E. Schoenfeld of the Division of Western European Affairs
Résumé of a conversation between the Secretary and the German group, headed by Dr. Brinkmann, sent to Washington to discuss the effect on American-German trade relations of the recent countervailing duty decision.
241
July 6 Memorandum by the Assistant Economic Adviser
Account of a conversation between officials of the Department and the German group with regard to countervailing duties against German products.
243
July 13 Memorandum by Mr. Rudolf E. Schoenfeld of the Division of Western European Affairs
Delivery by the German group of a memorandum outlining a procedure they had proposed to their Government in order to avoid conflict with section 303 of the Tariff Act of 1930; their explanation of the proposal.
245
[Page XXVI]1936 July 25 From the German Ambassador
German declaration, in connection with Treasury Decision 48360 of June 4, freeing certain goods for export to the United States from certain procedures.
246
July 28 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Conversation with the German Ambassador, who made an earnest plea against the imposition of countervailing duties on certain German exports.
247
Aug. 1 From the Consul General at Berlin (tel.)
Advice of freeing of accounts for deliveries of goods to the United States from certain procedures as of August 3.
247
Aug. 5 To the German Ambassador
Advice that Treasury Decision 48360 was amended on August 4, and that under this provision countervailing duties shall not apply to imports of the German goods specified in Ambassador’s note of July 25 if documentary evidence shows that contract of purchase was entered into after July 25.
248
Aug. 12 Memorandum by the Under Secretary of State
Delivery of a note (infra) by the German Ambassador, who made further representations against the countervailing duties.
248
Aug. 12 From the German Ambassador
Notification of comprehensive German measures in connection with direct or indirect exportation of dutiable goods to the United States, with adverse effect on volume of U. S.-German trade attributable to the U. S. decisions.
249
Aug. 14 To the German Ambassador
Information that Treasury Decision 48360 was further modified, in view of assurances given by the German Government.
250
Aug. 18 (256) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Résumé of a conversation with Schacht, who insisted on bilateral agreements and said that the only chance for Germany to cooperate for world peace would be international guarantees of colonial possessions.
250
Oct. 22 From the German Embassy
Interpretation of the German statement of August 12 in view of a recent Treasury Department ruling.
251
Nov. 24 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Conversation with the German Ambassador and Dr. Meyer, before the Ambassador’s return to Germany, concerning the status of trade possibilities between the two countries.
252
Dec. 8 To the German Chargé
Information from Treasury Department supplementing statements contained in Department’s note of the same date (infra).
254
Dec. 8 To the German Chargé
Receipt of communication from Treasury Department (text quoted) stating its understanding concerning certain types of transactions which the German Government proposes to permit in furtherance of U. S.-German trade; request for confirmation of this understanding.
254
Dec. 16 From the German Chargé
Confirmation of Treasury Department’s understanding as set forth in Department’s note of December 8.
256

Negotiations for a Settlement of the Drier Claim and the Sabotage Claimes of United States Against Germany

[Page XXVII]1936 Mar. 14 (24) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Willingness to have a U. S. representative meet with a German representative relative to settlement of sabotage claims pending before the Mixed Claims Commission, providing negotiations would not result in postponement of hearing set for May 12, in case settlement is not made by then.
256
Apr. 21 (585) To the Ambassador in Germany
Department’s desire that the compromise settlement reached in 1933 on the Drier case be made effective by the German Government, and instructions to take up case with the Foreign Office.
257
May 6 (135) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Account of conversation with Minister-President Göring, in charge of the sabotage claims matter. His ideas on improvement of German-American relations and settlement of the real difficulties between the two countries.
260
May 8 (46) To the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to tell Göring informally that final argument in sabotage cases is set for May 12, but that hearings might be adjourned if he gives assurance that he intends in principle to settle these claims.
262
May 9 (139) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Information from Göring that he is instructing the German Agent to request adjournment of hearings; his belief that adjournment would be wise.
262
May 11 (49) To the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Advice that German Agent only has instructions not to object to adjournment of hearings; assumption that, unless German Agent takes the initiative, the hearings will proceed as scheduled on May 12.
263
May 12 (143) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Foreign Office failure to carry out Gӧring’s plan for adjournment, and information that Hitler and Gӧring are determined to maintain Gӧring’s position in the matter. Opinion that it would not be desirable to take up the question with Göring again.
263
May 13 (51) To the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Approval of Chargé’s action, and advice that Commission is now hearing arguments.
265
May 14 (52) To the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Review of situation, and belief that the German Government desires to effect a compromise settlement; instructions to make it clear at all times that the Department cannot take the initiative in the matter, but is ready to cooperate in good faith.
265
May 19 (153) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Foreign Office position that the Drier case was definitely settled by the German-American Mixed Claims Commission and therefore it was in no position to comply with U. S. suggestion for additional payment.
266
[Page XXVIII]1936 May 21 (154) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Conversation with Von Pfeffer, Göring’s emissary, who said it would be easier to have the Claims Commission cases settled if and when representatives were appointed to discuss the entire ensemble of difficulties in conformity with Göring’s proposals of May 6.
266
May 22 (59) To the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to make it clear to Pfeffer that United States Government is unwilling to condition settlement of sabotage cases on solution of larger problems, and to indicate U. S. willingness to send a representative to deal with sabotage claims.
268
May 28 (162) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Pfeffer’s delivery of a 5-point statement indicating the German Government’s desire to attempt amicably to dispose of the old sabotage claims and to take up the broader problems separately. Göring’s request to Foreign Office that the German Agent in Washington seek postponement of claims proceedings.
208
June 4 (169) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Message from Pfeffer (text printed) indicating that Commission proceedings in Washington have been terminated, and transmitting Göring’s willingness to receive a U. S. representative in June.
269
June 5 (67) To the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to inform Pfeffer informally of U. S. readiness to send a representative to Germany to discuss the sabotage cases if the Foreign Office indicates that visit is desired.
270
June 8 (173) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Information from Pfeffer that instructions will be sent by the Foreign Office to the German Embassy in Washington concerning visit of U. S. representative and also concerning postponement of Commission hearing set for June 17.
270
June 16 (70) To the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Information that the German Embassy has been instructed to request postponement of June 17 hearing, but has no word from Berlin with regard to sending representatives to Germany to discuss final settlement of the sabotage cases.
271
June 18 (72) To the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Advice from German Embassy that instruction received from Berlin relative to postponement of hearings implies willingness to enter into negotiations; preparation to send representatives.
271
June 19 To the American Agent and Counsel, Mixed Claims Commission, United States and Germany
Instructions to proceed to Germany for the one purpose of discussing a compromise settlement of the sabotage claims; non-authorization to discuss any other matter pertaining to the general relations between United States and Germany.
272
July 11 From the American Agent and Counsel, Mixed Claims Commission
Account of negotiations held at Munich which resulted in a German proposal, July 6, for a compromise settlement of U. S. sabotage claims, including the Drier claim, and U. S. acceptance of the proposal, July 6 (texts printed).
272
[Page XXIX]1936 Oct. 22 (134) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Advice that any intimation regarding Department’s endeavor to block the Munich claims agreement is false, and that action thereon will be exclusively within jurisdiction of the Mixed Claims Commission.
277
Oct. 28 (317) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Pfeffer’s satisfaction with Department’s reassurances; his memorandum dealing with sending Dr. Markau, claims expert, to Washington to expedite execution of the Munich agreement.
277
Nov. 9 Memorandum by the Special Assistant to the Secretary of State and Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs
Conversation between the Acting Secretary and Dr. Markau, who indicated German desire for certain verbal changes in the agreement; Acting Secretary’s attempt to clarify Pfeffer’s official position, to separate claims negotiations from those on general problems, and to secure action through official channels.
278
Nov. 19 Memorandum by the Legal Adviser
Conversation with Dr. Markau, who had received a telegram from Göring relative to arrangements for proceeding with the settlement of the sabotage claims.
281
Nov. 23 Memorandum by the Legal Adviser
Information from the Counselor of the German Embassy that Dr. Markau is not authorized by the German Government to discuss with U. S. officials matters pertaining to the relations between the two Governments, nor is he authorized to speak even on the sabotage claims settlement.
282
Dec. 14 From the American Agent, Mixed Claims Commission
Transmittal of two letters from Pfeffer indicating that the German Government now seeks to attach subsequent conditions to the Munich agreement. Opinion that the agreement was final and that Germany cannot evade it by endeavoring to attach subsequent conditions to it.
282

Representations in Behalf of an American Citizen Deprived of Right To Continue Business in Germany Because of Anti-Jewish Regulations

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Feb. 13 (773) From the Consul General at Munich
Request for instructions regarding the case of Mrs. Betty G. Spiegelberg, an American citizen, unable to continue work as a literary agent due to anti-Jewish regulations.
285
Apr. 13. (581) To the Arnbassador in Germany
Instructions to request Foreign Office action looking toward continuance of Mrs. Spiegelberg’s activities, and to indicate U. S. concern over any attempt to differentiate between American citizens because of race or religion in application of terms of the Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Consular Rights, signed December 8, 1923.
286
Sept. 3 (3017) From the Ambassador in Germany
Foreign Office contention that application of the 1935 Nuremberg laws could not be considered a violation of the treaty of 1923, but willingness to consider the case as evidence of good will.
287
[Page XXX]1936 Sept. 4 (272) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Advice of negative decision in the Spiegelberg case.
289
Sept. 29 (124) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to take up case with the Foreign Minister, and to request a satisfactory settlement, emphasizing the importance attached thereto by the U. S. Government.
289
Oct. 19 (306) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Foreign Office information that Mrs. Spiegelberg has permission to continue her business conditionally, pending decision of Reich press chamber.
290
(Note: Final refusal of Propaganda Ministry, on April 1, 1937, to permit Mrs. Spiegelberg to continue her work.) 290

Representations in Behalf of an American Citizen Arrested for Smuggling Communistic Literature Into Germany and Held Fourteen Months in Prison Before Trial

Date and number Subject Page
1935 July 20 (495) From the Consul at Hamburg
Report on the circumstances of arrest and imprisonment of Lawrence Simpson, American seaman, found in possession of Communistic propaganda material, and accused of Communist activities; Simpson’s denial of intent to smuggle propaganda material ashore.
291
Aug. 17 To the Consul at Hamburg (tel.)
Instructions to express to German authorities the hope that Simpson may be given an early trial; inquiry as to measures taken to assure Simpson of adequate legal representation.
293
Aug. 29 (521) From the Consul General at Hamburg
Further information on the Simpson case, and on measures taken to assure him of adequate legal representation.
293
1936 Apr. 28 To the Consul General at Berlin (tel.)
Approval of attempt to expedite Simpson proceedings, and instructions to continue pressing for early trial.
294
July 29 (95) To the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Conversation with the German Ambassador concerning Simpson’s imprisonment for a year without indictment or trial; instructions to make representations at Foreign Office, expressing hope for a speedy trial.
295
July 30 (237) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Opinion of Consulate General that no representations should be made to Foreign Office until important negotiations with the People’s Court relative to approval of a lawyer for Simpson are consummated. Information that Simpson was indicted in June.
295
July 31 (98) To the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Request that representations should not be unduly delayed.
296
[Page XXXI]1936 Aug. 7 (247) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Information from Foreign Office that charges against Simpson involve distribution of Communist propaganda in Germany, and that sentence would probably be severe.
296
Aug. 31 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
German Ambassador’s report that Simpson’s trial has been set for the end of September; further discussion of the case and of the Secretary’s position.
296
Sept. 23 (120) To the Ambassador in Germany
Conversation with the German Ambassador, stressing the necessity of adequate provision to enable Simpson’s presentation of all testimony advantageous to him; instructions to make oral representations to the Foreign Office.
297
Sept. 23 To the Consul General at Berlin (tel.)
Instructions relating to proper legal assistance for Simpson, and presence of a Consulate representative at the trial.
298
Sept. 24 (289) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Information from Foreign Office that trial would be strictly in accordance with German judiciary proceedings, and that period of Simpson’s incarceration would be applied against any prison sentence he may receive.
298
Sept. 24 From the Consul General at Berlin (tel.)
Willingness of President of the Third Senate of People’3 Court to permit attendance of consular representative at trial, except possibly when evidence was being given in regard to espionage.
299
Sept. 25 From the Consul General at Berlin (tel.)
Account of second conversation with President of People’s Court; advice that Simpson now wishes to employ assistant counsel of his own choice.
299
Sept. 26 (290) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Presentation of note verbale to Foreign Office indicating that the Embassy would consider refusal to permit consular attendance at trial as contrary to provisions of the 1923 treaty.
300
Sept. 28 (121) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Press report indicating that Simpson has confessed to distributing Communist literature and was given a 3-year sentence minus 15 months already served; instructions, if report is correct, to attempt to get sentence suspended with understanding that Simpson be deported at once.
301
Sept. 28 From the Consul General at Berlin (tel.)
Advice that the court has found Simpson guilty of so-called treason and espionage and has sentenced him to 3 years in penitentiary less 14 months already spent in jail.
301
Oct. 1 (297) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Conversation with the Foreign Minister, who held out no hope for immediate mitigation of the sentence, but suggested possibility of later readjustment.
301
Oct. 16 To the Consul General at Berlin (tel.)
Instructions for further representations in the Simpson matter, and request for certain information in connection with the projected petition for Simpson’s pardon.
302
[Page XXXII]1936 Oct. 20 From the Consul General at Berlin (tel.)
Advice that Simpson has signed a petition asking the Chancellor for pardon.
303
Nov. 5 (135) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to support Simpson’s petition by oral representations to Foreign Office.
303
Nov. 7 (326) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Sympathetic reception of representations by the Foreign Office.
304
Dec. 1 (353) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Information from Foreign Office that Simpson will be released December 20 on 5-year probation; comment on helpfulness of Foreign Office in recommending favorable action on petition to Hitler.
(Footnote: Simpson’s departure for the United States on December 23.)
304

GREECE

Treaty of Establishment Between the United States and Greece, Signed November 21, 1936

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Nov. 15 (240) To the Minister in Greece
Background on earlier negotiations for a treaty of friendship, commerce and consular rights with Greece, and transmittal of a draft treaty of establishment, with instructions to point out to the Foreign Office the need for such a treaty.
305
1936 Jan. 23 (13) From the Minister in Greece (tel.)
Greek agreement in principle to treaty negotiations; submittal of Department’s draft to Foreign Office.
307
Sept. 24 (96) From the Minister in Greece (tel.)
Greek readiness to sign treaty as worded in the draft.
307
Sept. 25 (53) To the Minister in Greece (tel.)
Forwarding of full powers, with request to assure that Greek and English texts will be exactly identic in meaning.
307

Acceptance With Reservations by the United States of Partial Interest Payments on American Loans to Greece Under the Agreements of May 10, 1929, and May 24, 1932

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Jan. 30 (113) From the Greek Minister
Readiness of the Greek Government to pay 35 percent of the interest due on May 10 and November 10, 1935, under part II of the Debt Agreement of May 10, 1929, but maintenance that debt should be considered as a war debt.
308
Feb. 3 To the Secretary of the Treasury
Transmittal of Greek note of January 30 (supra) and Department’s draft reply for comment; opinion that payment should be accepted with appropriate reservation.
308
[Page XXXIII]1936 Feb. 6 From the Acting Secretary of the Treasury
Approval of Department’s position and of draft reply.
309
Feb. 8 To the Greek Minister
Reply to note of January 30, indicating willingness to accept payment tendered, but making definite reservations in respect to the Greek debt.
310
Mar. 28 To the Secretary of the Treasury
Suggested statement (text printed) for use in the receipt covering the 35 percent interest payment by Greece.
311
Apr. 15 To the Greek Minister
Acknowledgment of receipt of payment, including statement that payment was received without prejudice to U. S. contractual rights set forth in the Debt Agreement of May 10, 1929.
311
Apr. 21 Memorandum by the Assistant Chief of the Division of Near Eastern Affairs
Conversation with the Greek Minister, who explained that a Greek offer on May 10, 1936, for partial interest payment on the 1929 loan is dependent on an agreement being reached between Greece and the League Loans Committee relative to payments on the Greek Stabilization and Refugee Settlement Loan.
312
June 13 To the Greek Minister
Notification of payments due under the agreements of May 10, 1929, and May 24, 1932, with indication of willingness to discuss any proposals pertaining thereto.
313
June 16 From the Greek Minister
Acknowledgment of the Secretary’s note.
314
Sept. 8 (327) To the Chargé in Greece
Transmittal of a press notice containing recommendation of the (British) Council of Foreign Bondholders and the League Loans Committee that bondholders accept the Greek proposal of a 40 percent interest payment on certain debts; instructions to observe and report on execution of proposal.
314
Oct. 29 To the Greek Minister
Notification that a partial interest payment due from the Greek Government to the United States was deposited on October 21 with the Federal Reserve Bank of New York for credit to the account of the U. S. Treasurer.
315
Nov. 12 To the Greek Minister
Acknowledgment of further interest payment on November 6.
315

Status of Naturalized Americans of Greek Race Born in Turkey and Temporarily Residing in Greece, Required To Register as Greek Citizens Before Leaving Country

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Dec. 24 Memorandum by the Assistant to the Legal Adviser
Opinion that Vasilios Hagiperos, a naturalized U. S. citizen, did not voluntarily acquire Greek nationality while residing temporarily in Greece; draft of instructions to the Legation in Greece relative to the matter (infra).
315
[Page XXXIV]1936 Jan. 16 (257) To the Minister in Greece
Instructions to make representations against the practice of compelling naturalized U. S. citizens, born in Turkey of parents of the Greek race, sojourning in Greece, to register as Greek citizens under article 141 of Greek Law 4324 before being allowed to leave Greece.
317
Jan. 16 To the Consul General at Athens
Explanation of circumstances surrounding the registration of Hagiperos, indicating that his registration may be regarded as involuntary; authorization to issue a passport to him.
318
Apr. 3 From the Consul at Athens
Comment on article 141 of Greek Law No. 4324 (text printed), and on the difficulties in most cases in determining whether registration as Greek citizens is effected voluntarily or involuntarily.
319
Sept. 11 (1335) From the Chargé in Greece
Foreign Office reply (text printed) to representations made in accordance with instruction No. 257 of January 16, and transmittal of a memorandum explaining Greek attitude.
321

Proposed Convention Between the United States and Greece for the Exemption From Military Service of Persons Having Dual Nationality

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Aug. 28 (796) From the Chargé in Greece
Suggestion regarding possible negotiation of a convention with Greece similar to that with Sweden, signed January 31, 1933, exempting persons of dual nationality from military service.
322
1936 Jan. 14 (256) To the Minister in Greece
Instructions relative to the possibility of negotiating an agreement with the Greek Government which would gispose of problems arising from the conflict between Greek and American nationality laws. Suggestion of an article (text printed) to be used as the fundamental provision of such an agreement.
323
Mar. 24 (1111) From the Minister in Greece
Comments on Department’s instructions, and suggestion that negotiations be limited to extending certain privileges now informally granted.
325
May 15 (295) To the Minister in Greece
Authorization to propose to the Greek Government negotiation of a convention embodying the article quoted in Department’s instruction No. 256 of January 14.
328
July 2 (308) To the Minister in Greece
Approval of a phrase added to Department’s draft of the article for the projected treaty.
330
(Note: Information that the Minister did not proceed further with these proposals because of political changes in Greece and the establishment of the Metaxas dictatorship.) 331
[Page XXXV]

Refusal by the United States To Conclude an Agreement With Greece for the Reciprocal Recognition of Identification Cards Held by Seamen

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Mar. 6 (321) From the Greek Minister
Suggestion that an agreement be concluded between the United States and Greece for the reciprocal recognition of identification cards held by seamen instead of passports.
332
Apr. 22 From the Deputy Commissioner, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Department of Labor
View that proposed agreement would be inadvisable, with mention of adequacy of present seamen’s privileges and of possible danger of increase of fraudulent entry of aliens into the United States.
332
May 8 To the Greek Minister
Information on present regulations pertaining to alien seamen, and advice that U. S. authorities are not aware of any need for an agreement as suggested.
333

HUNGARY

Propriety of United States Participation at the Dedication of a Statue to General Bandholtz, Former American Commissioner in Hungary

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Mar. 23 (7) To the Minister in Hungary (tel.)
Instructions not to attend the unveiling ceremonies of a statue to General Bandholtz, U. S. Commissioner on the Interallied Military Mission in Hungary, 1919–20, who allegedly had prevented looting of the Royal Hungarian Museum during the Rumanian occupation.
335
Mar. 27 (14) From the Minister in Hungary (tel.)
Opinion that Legation’s refusal to be represented at unveiling ceremonies of the statue of an American highranking officer would offend Hungarians, and that compulsory absence in the United States would be the only excuse not to attend and make a speech, as already requested by Hungarians.
336
Mar. 31 (10) To the Minister in Hungary (tel.)
Approval of plan to be absent on U. S. leave at time of ceremony, and recognition that Legation should be represented.
336
July 17 (30) From the Chargé in Hungary (tel.)
Intention to attend ceremony, but not to deliver an address.
337
Aug. 7 (31) From the Chargé in Hungary (tel.)
Difficulty in remaining aloof without giving offense; request for authorization to deposit a wreath, with suggested statement.
(Footnote: Authorization granted August 12.)
337
Aug. 26 (449) From the Chargé in Hungary
Description of ceremonies, and remarks (text printed) made upon depositing of a wreath.
338

ITALY

Suspension of Trade Agreement Discussions With Italy; Negotiations Respecting a New Treaty of Friendship, Commerce And Navigation; Denunciation of Treaty of 1871

Date and number Subject Page
[Page XXXVI]1936 Jan. 4 (1) To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Informal memorandum (text printed) presented by Italian Ambassador Rosso, indicating Italian readiness to send experts to Washington to discuss trade matters; instructions to request appropriate authorities to take no steps to send experts pending U. S. reply.
340
Jan. 6 (8) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Advice that instructions have been carried out.
341
Jan. 15 Memorandum by the Special Assistant to the Secretary of State and Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs
Conversation with Rosso, who was given a statement (infra) and told that the Department wished to suspend trade agreement negotiations with Italy for the present, but that most-favored-nation treatment would be continued as long as Italy did not discriminate against U. S. trade.
341
Undated To the Italian Ambassador
Reply to Rosso’s memorandum of January 4 indicating that sending experts to Washington at this time could serve no useful purpose, and that it was advisable to suspend trade agreement negotiations.
342
July 21 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Résumé of a conversation with the Italian Ambassador during which the opinion was expressed that chances for a successful trade agreement depended upon Italy’s finding a way to grant equality of treatment to the United States, and that the existing treaty of 1871 ought to be replaced by a more modern treaty.
343
Sept. 8 To the Ambassador in Italy
Transmittal of draft text of a proposed treaty of friendship, commerce and navigation to replace the obsolete treaty of 1871; instructions to propose a joint declaration of termination of the 1871 treaty, indicating that refusal would lead to U. S. unilateral denunciation.
344
Sept. 29 (391) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Informal conversation with Foreign Minister Ciano regarding negotiation of a new treaty of commerce and friendship, which would require denunciation of the old treaty; Ciano’s desire to study the subject.
347
Oct. 5 (401) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Summary of a communiqué dealing with certain economic actions adopted at meeting of the Council of Ministers, including devaluation of the lira and abolition of the ad valorem tax on imports and of the system of private compensation transactions.
347
Oct. 6 (404) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Conversation with Mussolini, who expressed hope for closer commercial understanding.
350
Oct. 7 (132) To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Gratification over certain economic measures as reported in telegram No. 401 of October 5; comment on elasticity of measures, and instructions to watch their application closely.
350
[Page XXXVII]1936 Oct. 8 (405) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Presentation of Department’s draft treaty to Ciano with indication that a note denouncing the old treaty would be sent to him; his desire for a week’s time to study the draft.
351
Oct. 12 (134) To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Request for information on Italian attitude toward a joint declaration terminating the treaty of 1871.
352
Nov. 21 (481) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Meeting of Italian Government officials, who accepted the fundamental principles of the proposed new treaty and agreed that a counterdraft would be prepared of the provisions they considered to require modification. Intention to address a note to Ciano regarding joint denunciation of the old treaty.
352
Nov. 22 (156) To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Department’s unwillingness to accept any proposal involving bargaining on any American product. Intention of unilateral denunciation of the 1871 treaty if Italy does not agree to mutual denunciation.
353
Nov. 24 (484) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Italian willingness to consider joint denunciation of the treaty of 1871, if by December 15 conclusion of the new treaty does not appear likely before the first of the year.
355
Dec. 2 (169) To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Acceptance of Italian proposal, and instructions to press for joint notice of termination as soon as possible.
355
Dec. 9 (516) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Request for a draft notice of joint denunciation for presentation to the Foreign Office, if it becomes evident that the treaty will probably not be concluded before the end of the year.
356
Dec. 10 (177) To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Form of joint notification of denunciation (text printed), as requested.
356
Dec. 11 (523) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Receipt from Italian experts of the first 13 articles of the new treaty of commerce and friendship. Advice that the draft denunciation was handed to Foreign Office official, who felt that denunciation could be arranged within a few days.
357
Dec. 16 (530) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Signing by Ciano and the Ambassador of procés verbale, dated December 15, denouncing the treaty of 1871. Communiqué issued to the press (text printed).
357
Dec. 16 (533) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Receipt of remaining articles of the Italian text of new treaty; Italian version of articles 6 and 8 (text printed), which contain the most important differences.
358

Informal Representations to the Italian Government With Respect to Regulations Limiting the Transfer Abroad of Proceeds From Rental Of Films in Italy

Date and number Subject Page
[Page XXXVIII]1936 Aug. 31 (736) To the Chargé in Italy
Memorandum for Foreign Office (text printed) making representations against certain new regulations affecting the transfer abroad of proceeds from the rental of films in Italy.
360
Oct. 1 (14) From the Ambassador in Italy
Presentation of the memorandum to Prof. Guarneri, Undersecretary of State for Trade and Foreign Exchange, by the Commercial Attaché and report on their conversation (text printed).
362
Oct. 9 (133) To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Information that motion picture interests will close out their business in Italy if the regulations in question are maintained; instructions to renew oral and written representations.
364
Oct. 15 (31) From the Ambassador in Italy
Renewed representations to Guarneri, who said that certain regulations would be abandoned and explained forthcoming modifications and quota system. Transmittal of a memorandum submitted by Charles C. Pettijohn, General Counsel of the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America.
365
Oct. 22 (424) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Information that American film companies consider the contemplated Italian quotas inadequate; Petti John’s list of conditions American companies must insist upon in order to exist. Request for instructions.
367
Oct. 23 (141) To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Comment that outstanding objection to the regulations is the very small percentage of motion picture earnings in Italy which can be exported; belief that Pettijohn’s position might be supported rather vigorously.
368
Oct. 31 (438) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Receipt by distributors of regulations effective for the year ending June 30, 1937; intention to present entire matter to the Foreign Minister.
369
Nov. 18 (472) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Advice that Will Hays, President of the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America, was presented to Ciano to discuss the views of the film interests; Ciano’s promise to bring matter before the Grand Council.
369
Nov. 22 (482) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Information that the Italian Treasury is unwilling to relax restrictions without tariff compensation in return; request for a statement expressing hope for improved trade relations, for presentation to Ciano or Mussolini.
370
Dec. 10 (517) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Communication from Ciano indicating an 8,000,000-lire increase in the exchange allotment for importation of American films; intention to seek explanation, since this differs from an understanding reached while Mr. Hays was in Rome.
371
Dec. 10 (520) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Résumé of a discussion with Ciano concerning the exchange allotments for American companies; his promise to send written assurances.
371
[Page XXXIX]1936 Dec. 14 (179) To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Inability to understand the reason for Italian changed attitude on points satisfactorily settled while Hays was in Rome, and instructions to impress upon Italian authorities the importance placed by the Department on a satisfactory arrangement in the matter.
372
Dec. 15 (527) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Failure of authorities to furnish requested written assurances, and intention to make further representations.
372
Dec. 16 (186) To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Message from Hays (text printed) containing suggestions for further negotiations.
373
Dec. 17 (535) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Further representations to Ciano, based on Hays’ suggestions.
374
Dec. 19 (539) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Detailed note from Ciano (text printed) concerning the film negotiations.
374
Dec. 21 (540) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Request for views on Ciano’s note of December 19.
376
Dec. 22 (189) To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Information from Hays (text printed) indicating willingness of the American companies to concur in details of the accord outlined in Ciano’s note of December 19, pending clarification of two assumptions.
376
Dec. 24 (549) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Positive assurances from Foreign Office relative to the two assumptions.
377
Dec. 24 (193) To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Information from Hays that final details have been clarified and that the continental managers of the American companies are being notified to resume business in Italy.
377

LATVIA

Representations Regarding Alleged Discrimination Against American Trade in Latvia

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Apr. 2 (1126 Diplo.) From the Chargé in Latvia
Foreign Office reply (text printed) to a Legation note of September 11, 1935, denying discrimination against American trade.
379
Oct. 1 (52) To the Minister in Latvia (tel.)
Request for comprehensive report on effect of Latvian devaluation on American-Latvian trade.
(Footnote: Information regarding devaluation of the lat.)
384
Oct. 6 (86) From the Minister in Latvia (tel.)
Information from President Ulmanis that import restrictions will be gradually relaxed as a result of devaluation, and that the Government is arranging to buy a large number of U. S. automobiles and trucks.
384
[Page XL]1936 Dec. 19 (119) From the Chargé in Latvia (tel.)
Possible effect of a law passed by the Council of Ministers, December 14, on American firms represented by commission agents; purpose of law.
384
Dec. 23 (272) From the Chargé in Latvia
Report, as requested in Department’s No. 52, October 1, on the effect of Latvian devaluation on American-Latvian trade.
385

NETHERLANDS

Reciprocal Agreement Between the United States and the Netherlands Granting Free Entry Privileges for Trade Commissioners

Date and number Subject Page
1936 June 23 (269) To the Minister in the Netherlands
Instructions to advise the Foreign Office of U. S. readiness to enter into a reciprocal agreement granting trade commissioners free entry privileges at any time, as suggested by the U. S. Consul at Batavia.
390
Nov. 12 (583) From the Minister in the Netherlands
Note to the Foreign Office, July 2 (text printed), and satisfactory reply, November 10 (text printed), indicating agreement, on a reciprocal basis, to U. S. suggestions.
391

Discussion Respecting an Arrangement Between the United States and the Netherlands and Netherlands Indies Government for the Prevention of Double Taxation

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Apr. 15 To the Netherland Chargé
Transmittal of a Treasury Department letter indicating that the taxation system of the Netherlands Indies does not satisfy certain requirements of the Revenue Act of 1934.
392
May 25 To the Netherland Chargé
Transmittal of a further letter from the Treasury Department explaining its opinion that the decree issued by the Netherland Finance Minister on April 17, 1928, does not satisfy certain credit requirements of the Revenue Acts of 1928, 1932, and 1934.
393
Sept. 8 (2270) From the Netherland Minister
Indication that U. S. citizens residing in the Netherlands or Netherlands Indies are granted tax exemption on income derived from United States and all countries other than the Netherlands or their overseas territories; inquiry as to possibility that United States might continue to take the view that these countries allow to U. S. citizens similar credit within the meaning of section 131 of the 1934 Revenue Act and corresponding provisions of 1932 and 1928 Revenue Acts.
393
Oct. 21 To the Netherland Chargé
Letter from the Treasury Department (excerpts printed) explaining the provisions of the 1936 and previous Revenue Acts; advice that Department is constrained to adhere to its previous position.
394
(Note: Netherland publication of an order in April 1937 rescinding exemption from taxation granted to U. S. citizens residing in the Netherlands.) 395
[Page XLI]

NORWAY

Preliminary Discussions Respecting a Trade Agreement Between the United States and Norway

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Mar. 26 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Conversation with the Norwegian Minister relative to the Tonry Bill for repeal of the whale oil tax, and possible effect of the repeal on trade agreement negotiations; steps taken to secure Treasury Department assistance regarding repeal.
396
May 20 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Conversation with the Norwegian Minister regarding the whale oil tax and trade relations; discussion also of policies to promote and preserve world peace.
397
June 20 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Résumé of a conversation with the Norwegian Minister prior to his departure for Norway, during which he observed that the U. S. economic program offered the best agency to bring about economic and military peace.
398
Aug. 31 (50) From the Minister in Norway (tel.)
Norwegian desire to negotiate a preliminary trade agreement respecting a limited number of items, prior to negotiating a broader agreement, in order to regain the American whale oil market; mention of improved import facilities for a limited number of U. S. products.
399
Sept. 2 (24) To the Minister in Norway (tel.)
Information that the Department cannot announce negotiations for a limited agreement at present, but is continuing study of the matter.
400
Nov. 17 (61) From the Chargé in Norway (tel.)
Views of a Norwegian businessman on his country’s position regarding the whale oil tax and early trade negotiations with United States.
400
Dec. 3 (30) To the Chargé in Norway (tel.)
Advice that a negative reply has been given to the Norwegian Minister regarding early negotiations for a limited trade agreement.
401

POLAND

Representations Against Harsh Treatment of American Citizens Arrested in Poland for Alleged Violation of Polish Foreign Currency Regulations

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Apr. 27 (33) From the Ambassador in Poland (tel.)
Advice that exchange restrictions in form of control transactions in gold and foreign currencies have been instituted; information on regulations regarding foreign exchange operations.
402
July 18 (37) To the Chargé in Poland (tel.)
Instructions to protest against the harsh treatment accorded to Zarzycki and Pulmanowski, two American citizens imprisoned for alleged violations of Polish exchange regulations, and to bring about their immediate release.
402
July 23 (67) From the Chargé in Poland (tel.)
Advice that border officials have been instructed to administer regulations less rigidly.
403
[Page XLII]1936 July 28 (42) To the Chargé in Poland (tel.)
Instructions to cable immediately whether Zarzycki and Pulmanowski have been released and their property returned; to protest against the harsh treatment accorded to Mrs. Nadler Haber, and to report all cases in which U. S. citizens are imprisoned in connection with exchange restrictions.
404
July 29 (70) From the Chargé in Poland (tel.)
Release of Zarzycki and Pulmanowski; action in the Haber case.
404
July 30 (71) From the Chargé in Poland (tel.)
Information on instructions given by the Foreign Office to customs officials and courts in order to afford U. S. travelers the relief requested by the Department.
405
Aug. 26 (79) From the Chargé in Poland (tel.)
Advice from Foreign Office that the matter of arrests of American travelers will be discussed by the Council of Ministers; information on the Galewska case.
405
Aug. 26 (51) To the Chargé in Poland (tel.)
Instructions to submit full information on the Atkinson and all other cases involving Americans that have arisen under exchange regulations, and to make verbal and written representations to the Foreign Minister.
406
Aug. 27 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Forceful representations to the Polish Chargé” against the arrest and imprisonment of American citizens either not guilty or entirely ignorant of any violation of Polish law; Chargé’s promise of cooperation.
407
Aug. 29 (83) From the Chargé in Poland (tel.)
Representations to the Foreign Minister, who expressed regret, mentioned steps taken to remedy the situation, and promised study of an aide-mémoire left with him.
409
Aug. 31 (58) To the Chargé in Poland (tel.)
Instructions relative to the Galewska case, objecting to the unreasonable punishment accorded an American citizen for a minor technical infraction of the Polish law.
410
Sept. 1 (86) From the Chargé in Poland (tel.)
Account of strong protests to the Foreign Office and of steps which the Foreign Office has taken and will take to ameliorate the situation.
411
Sept. 9 (1281) From the Chargé in Poland
Transmittal of copy of a circular instruction issued by the Foreign Office to Polish diplomatic and consular officers abroad, providing that requirements of Polish foreign currency regulations be stamped into passports of persons applying for a Polish visa.
411
Oct. 12 (1324) From the Chargé in Poland
Polish reply, dated October 9 (text printed), to the aide-mémoire left with the Foreign Minister on August 29, expressing regret at treatment of Americans in connection with the exchange regulations, indicating that Polish regulations were violated, and explaining steps taken to inform foreigners of regulations.
412
[Page XLIII]

Discrimination Against American Bondholders in Connection With Partial Defaults and Suspensions of Payments on Various Polish Obligations

Date and number Subject Page
1936 June 12 (1171) From the Chargé in Poland
Résumé of the difficulties anticipated by Poland with regard to future payments on its obligations held in the United States. Reference to forthcoming visit of two Polish experts to United States to explain situation to “the interested parties.”
414
June 27 (33) To the Chargé in Poland (tel.)
Request for information regarding a press report indicating Poland’s intention to continue in full all payments due in Great Britain, as the trade balance between the two countries is favorable to Poland.
416
July 2 (1193) From the Chargé in Poland
Résumé of a conversation with the Finance Minister, who said that no decision had been made on a transfer to Great Britain of payments due in October, and that no transfer had been made to France, when payment fell due on June 22.
417
Nov. 27 (329) To the Ambassador in Poland
Understanding that certain payments have been made in other countries; instructions to make representations regarding discrimination against U. S. holders of Polish obligations, and to obtain assurances that U. S. bondholders will receive the same treatment accorded to holders in other countries.
419

PORTUGAL

Discussions Between the United States and Portugal of a Possible Exchange of Notes Providing for Most-Favored-Nation Treatment With Respect to Shipping

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Apr. 11 To the Portuguese Minister
Summary of U. S. general commercial policy, and proposal that negotiations be initiated looking toward conclusion of a modus vivendi, similar to an enclosed draft, which would replace the Commercial Arrangement of 1910.
421
Apr. 14 From the Portuguese Minister
Advice that draft proposal will be forwarded to Portugal without delay.
(Footnote: Information that discussions were renewed in 1938.)
422

RUMANIA

Protection Afforded Patent Interests of the Universal Oil Products Company Against Infringement and Annulment in Rumania

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Jan. 3 (40) From the Minister in Rumania
Report regarding recent Legation action to protect the Universal Oil Products Company against infringement and annulment of four patents, which competing companies charged had not been “exploited” within the 4-year period legally stipulated.
423
[Page XLIV]1936 Feb. 22 (56) From the Minister in Rumania
Supplementary report indicating further difficulties encountered by the company and additional action taken by the Legation to protect its interests.
429
May 29 (95) From the Minister in Rumania
Further efforts to safeguard patents; company’s hopeful attitude prior to issuance on May 4 of a Royal Decree annulling all four patents. Company’s plans to try to have patents reinstated.
432
Nov. 30 (205) From the Minister in Rumania
Developments leading to the hope that three of the four patents will be reinstated.
(Footnote: Information regarding partially successful termination of the patent matter.)
434

SPAIN

The Spanish Civil War

i. international political aspects

Date and number Subject Page
1936 July 14 (1193) From the Ambassador in Spain
Recent developments, aggravating the serious political situation, and rumors of a possible military coup d’état engineered by Right extremists. Indication that seriousness of situation is fully recognized by the Government.
(Footnote: Information that the Ambassador had moved to San Sebastián on July 10, and that Third Secretary of Embassy Eric C. Wendelin was in charge of Madrid Embassy.)
437
July 18 (45) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Advice from Wendelin that coup d’état is planned for July 18.
440
July 18 (5) From the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier (tel.)
Report that a revolt of Spanish troops is spreading throughout Spanish Morocco; that the movement is not believed to be Monarchist but anti-Government.
440
July 19 From the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier (tel.)
Control of entire Spanish Zone by anti-Government forces directed by General Franco; coordination of movement in Morocco and Spain, where all of Andalusia is reported in hands of anti-Government forces.
440
July 19 (46) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Unconfirmed reports of fighting in Spain; resignation of present government, and replacement of Prime Minister Quiroga by José Giral. Indication that as far as can be ascertained no American interests have suffered.
441
July 20 (48) From the Counselor of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Advice that the revolutionary movement, supported by Fascists, and led by Generals Franco, Queipo de Llano, and Mola, has assumed large proportions; difficulty in ascertaining situation due to cut communication lines.
442
[Page XLV]1936 July 21 (49) From the Counselor of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Résumé of the dangerous situation prevailing in San Sebastián. Advice that no definite information is obtainable as to success of revolutionary movement in most parts of Spain; that a telegram from the Madrid Embassy (text printed) indicates revolt there has been quelled by loyal Government forces.
443
July 21 (8) From the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier (tel.)
General Franco’s threats to bomb Tangier harbor if Spanish warships are refueled there; suggestion to Vacuum Oil Co. to decline deliveries until it is known that such deliveries do not violate the neutrality provisions of the Tangier Statute. Request for instructions.
444
July 22 (9) From the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier (tel.)
Bombing of harbor by Franco planes following the refueling of Spanish warships. Intention to convey protest to Franco concerning a bomb explosion near U. S. steamer Exmouth in Gibraltar Straits. Control Committee’s decision that presence and refueling of war vessels in Tangier harbor violates statutory neutrality.
445
July 22 (7) To the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier (tel.)
Approval of suggestion to Vacuum Oil Co., and opinion that repeated refueling of Spanish war vessels at Tangier during the present uprising would violate the provisions of article 3 of the Tangier Statute.
445
July 24 (10) From the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier (tel.)
Delivery of U. S. protest against the Exmouth bombing to Franco by the British Consul at Tetuan, who also protested against similar incidents involving British merchantmen; Franco’s promise to prevent recurrence of incidents.
446
July 25 (291) From the Chargé in Italy (tel.)
Italian concern over the uprising in Spain, and the threat of Bolshevism in the West; their readiness to send more vessels into Spanish waters to assist in the relief of foreign nationals. Evidence of harmonious relationship between Italy and Germany.
447
July 27 (668) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Various factors leading to the decision of the Blum Government not to supply arms and munitions to the Madrid Government.
447
Undated [Rec’d July 29] From Señor Miguel Cabanellas (tel.)
Formation of a new Spanish government at Burgos under the title of Committee of National Defense, with Miguel Cabanellas as president of the Committee; expression of desire for friendly relations with United States.
(Footnote: No reply was made to this telegram.)
449
Undated [Rec’d July 30] From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Evacuation of Americans desiring to leave. French dispatch of airplanes, on order before the outbreak of fighting, to the Madrid Government; German dispatch of planes to the insurgents; unsuccessful German attempt to land armed forces at San Sebastián.
450
[Page XLVI]1936 July 31 (696) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Blum’s explanation before the Senate Foreign Affairs Committee of considerations leading to the decision not to ship war materials to Spain. French consideration of a proposal to Great Britain and Italy to join a formal nonintervention commitment.
450
July 31 (177) From the Chargé in the Soviet Union (tel.)
Denial by a Foreign Office spokesman (substance printed) of any action which might be considered an interference in Spanish affairs. Sympathetic attitude of the Soviet press toward Spanish Government.
452
Aug. 1 (307) From the Chargé in Italy (tel.)
Italian concern over alleged French assistance to the Madrid Government in the present conflict, regarded as one between Bolshevism and Fascism. Italian denial of offer by Franco of the cession of Ceuta in exchange for Italian assistance.
453
Aug. 2 (705) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Discussion of the Spanish situation by the Council of Ministers, August 1, followed by issuance of a communiqué regarding strict observance of nonintervention policy.
454
Aug. 3 (1006) From the Minister in Portugal
Evidence of Portugal’s sympathetic attitude toward the revolutionary movement although the revolutionary junta under Cabanellas at Burgos has not been recognized.
456
Aug. 3 (61) From the Chargé in Belgium (tel.)
Foreign Office explanation that, although no permit is required to export arms to Spain, none have been shipped; its intention to await outcome of French nonintervention proposal before deciding on question of prohibiting shipments.
457
Aug. 4 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Information from French Chargé” concerning a French proposal to Great Britain and Italy to remain entirely aloof from the Spanish internal situation by maintaining an attitude of nonintervention; U. S. attitude on the doctrine of nonintervention.
457
Aug. 4 (30) From the Minister in Portugal (tel.)
Vacuum Oil Co. representative’s request for opinion on sale of aviation gasoline to the insurgents through third parties; advice to refer his company directly to the Department.
458
Aug. 4 (62) From the Chargé in Belgium (tel.)
Forthcoming issuance of a decree requiring licenses for the export of arms; Government’s intention to refuse any licenses for the exportation of arms to Spain or any territory near Spain.
458
Aug. 4 (716) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Excerpts from a despatch from Hallett Johnson at St. Jean de Luz, reporting his opinion that Left extremists are gaining the upper hand, and that danger threatens foreigners if strict neutrality of foreign nations is not maintained.
459
Aug. 4 (311) From the Chargé in Italy (tel.)
French Ambassador’s presentation to Ciano of a proposal whereby France, Great Britain, and Italy would maintain strict neutrality in the Spanish conflict, and of a statement refuting the allegation that France was rendering assistance to the Madrid Government; French Ambassador’s impression that this démarche was not welcome.
460
[Page XLVII]1936 Aug. 4 (178) From the Chargé in the Soviet Union (tel.)
Advice that Soviet press and leaders are openly showing their sympathy for the Spanish Government; report on mass demonstrations and collection of funds “for the assistance of the fighters.”
461
Aug. 5 (244) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Résumé of a conversation at the Foreign Office, during which the French nonintervention proposal was discussed, and officials seemed disturbed regarding safety and evacuation of 1200 Germans still remaining in Madrid.
462
Aug. 5 (314) From the Chargé in Italy (tel.)
Further information relative to the French proposal, and existence of speculation that Italy’s delay of reply may be due to consultation with Germany.
463
Aug. 5 (720) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Informal French inquiry as to views of the German, Belgian, Portuguese, Soviet, and Polish Governments regarding a declaration of nonintervention in Spain. Reports on alleged French and German intervention in Spain.
464
Aug. 6 (316) From the Chargé in Italy (tel.)
Information on Italian oral reply to the French proposal, including agreement in principle to nonintervention but raising various questions as to scope and implementation. Press reports of instances of intervention in Spain.
466
Aug. 6 (726) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s indication that France has proof of Italian and German assistance to the insurgents, and his belief that these countries would receive certain territories if insurgents are successful; his clarification of French nonintervention attitude.
467
Aug. 7 Memorandum by the Acting Secretary of State
Advice from French Chargé of progress toward a nonintervention agreement, and his presentation of a draft declaration (text printed) which has been submitted to the interested governments.
469
Aug. 7 (16) From the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier (tel.)
Franco’s ultimatum, threatening occupation of Tangier Zone unless the Spanish war sloop Tofino departs from harbor. Refusal of a Spanish request for intervention on grounds that the U. S. Government is not a party to the Tangier Convention.
470
Aug. 7 To All Consulates in Spain (circ. tel.)
Restatement of U. S. policy of noninterference with internal affairs in other countries.
(Sent also to Madrid, Lisbon, Tangier, and to the Ambassador at St. Jean de Luz.)
471
Aug. 8 (55) From the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Advice that XL S. diplomats in Spain have been acting in conformity with U. S. policy as set forth in Department’s circular telegram; comment on a Spanish editorial on neutrality.
471
Aug. 8 (X–37) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Advice that necessity for a completely impartial attitude has been urged on all Americans in Madrid.
472
[Page XLVIII]1936 Aug. 8 (320) From the Chargé in Italy (tel.)
Italian receipt of the French draft declaration of nonintervention in Spain, which does not appear to meet Italian views. Foreign Office information that no decision has been made to land troops in Spain for protection of nationals. Official concern over growth of Communism in Europe.
472
Aug. 10 Memorandum by the Assistant Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs to the Acting Secretary of Slate
Information from a French Embassy official on a plan for protection of the Diplomatic Corps in Madrid, and on reception by the various Governments of the French neutrality proposal.
474
Aug. 10 Memorandum by the Assistant Chief of the Office of Arms and Munitions Control
Inquiry by an official of the Glenn L. Martin Co. as to Department’s attitude toward the sale of eight bombing planes to the Spanish Government, contracted for in February.
474
Aug. 10 To the Glenn L. Martin Company, Baltimore, Maryland
Transmittal of a copy of the circular telegram of August 7 referring to U. S. nonintervention policy, and indication that sale of airplanes would not follow the spirit of that policy.
(Footnote: Substance of this letter communicated to Embassies in United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, and Spain.)
475
Aug. 10 (738) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Comment on a French communiqué renewing declaration of nonintervention, but pointing out that, contrary to the impression of communiqué of August 1, certain deliveries of “unarmed” planes had been permitted; leftist opposition to decision leading to issuance of communiqué.
476
Aug. 10 (304) To the Chargé in France (tel.)
Request for information on a press report that France is preparing to invite the United States to adhere to the proposed nonintervention pact.
(Similar telegram to the Ambassador in the United Kingdom.)
477
Aug. 11 Memorandum by the Acting Secretary of State
Conversation with the French Chargé who said that the press reports were incorrect, and was informed of U. S. position as stated in circular telegram of August 7.
478
Aug. 11 (740) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Information from Foreign Office that there was no intention to “invite” the United States to participate in the proposed nonintervention pact, but that they would be pleased if the United States wished to do so.
479
Aug. 11 (393) From the Ambassador in the United Kingdom (tel.)
Advice that French Embassy has no information on matter of invitation, but that another source indicates that the German Foreign Minister considers U. S. adherence essential to make nonintervention effective.
479
Aug. 11 (327) From the Chargé in Italy (tel.)
Understanding as to Italian favorable view of the French proposal, with suggestions to extend it to forbid sending of funds and volunteers.
480
[Page XLIX]1936 Aug. 11 (251) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
German attitude favoring absolute neutrality; prevalent conviction that Italy will remain neutral; widespread diplomatic feeling that there is no real leadership on either side in Spain.
480
Aug. 12 (29) From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.)
Netherland assurances to France that, pending conclusion of a collective agreement, permission will not be given for export or transit of arms and ammunition to Spain.
481
Aug. 12 (X–48) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Confirmation by French Government representative of arrival of French planes and pilots at Madrid for use of the Spanish Government.
481
Aug. 12 (6) From the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Fall of Merida; arrival of German and Italian military planes and pilots; military objectives of the insurgents.
481
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 14] (0013) From Naval Communications (tel.)
Arrival of planes from France with French, Italian, German, and other foreign pilots, allegedly bound for Barcelona and Madrid.
482
Aug. 14 (756) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Discussion in the Council of Ministers regarding the wisdom of continuing present Spanish policy in view of German and Italian assistance to insurgents; French reply to Italian suggestions on private subscriptions and recruiting of volunteers.
482
Aug. 14 (254) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Unwillingness of Foreign Office to acquiesce in neutrality agreement until a sequestered German plane and crew (used for the evacuation of Germans) is released, and the execution of four Germans near Barcelona has been investigated.
483
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 14] (0014) From Naval Communications (tel.)
Account of evidences of German shipments of arms and munitions to the Spanish Fascists.
484
Aug. 15 (335) From the Chargé in Italy (tel.)
Difficulties of French Ambassador in his negotiations with Italy regarding the declaration of nonintervention in Spain, due to Italy’s insistence that collection of funds and enlistment of men on foreign territories be specifically prohibited.
484
Aug. 15 (401) From the Ambassador in the United Kingdom (tel.)
Accuracy of a press report that the British Government has appealed to British firms and private owners to refrain from sending civil planes to either side in Spain.
485
Aug. 17 (1018) From the Minister in Portugal
Detailed account of Portuguese negotiations relative to the French-British invitation to adhere to the nonintervention proposal, and acceptance in principle with certain reservations.
485
Aug. 17 (66) From the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Advice that a meeting of the Diplomatic Corps has been called by the Argentine Ambassador, Dean of the Corps, to consider mediation in the Civil War; reasons for disinclination to attend, and request for instructions.
488
[Page L]1936 Aug. 17 To the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Instructions not to attend the proposed meeting.
488
Aug. 17 (32) From the Minister in Uruguay (tel.)
Information that the Foreign Minister on August 15 addressed American states suggesting mediation of the Spanish situation; press comments.
489
Aug. 17 (760) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Conversation with the Spanish Ambassador, who was not very hopeful regarding the situation; his reasons for not expecting anything useful from the French initiative for a nonintervention pact.
489
Aug. 17 To the Diplomatic Representatives in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico (circ. tel.)
Instructions to seek an interview with the Foreign Minister with reference to the Uruguayan suggestion for mediation, indicating U. S. interest in any comment or views he may care to express.
490
Aug. 17 From the Uruguayan Minister
Telegraphic despatch, dated August 15, from the Foreign Minister (text printed), suggesting that mediation be offered to Spain by the American countries, which might act jointly either in Washington within the Pan American Union, or in any other American capital. Request for U. S. views.
490
Aug. 18 (1814) From the Chargé in the Soviet Union
Transmittal of an announcement in Pravda, setting forth the Soviet reply to the French nonintervention proposal; comment on Soviet willingness to participate, with two reservations.
491
Aug. 18 (164) From the Chargé in Argentina (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s objections to the Uruguayan mediation proposal, but willingness to join in an appeal for the cessation of fighting in the name of humanity.
492
Aug. 18 (336) From the Chargé in Italy (tel.)
Urgent representations by the French Ambassador and the British Chargé” that Italy join in the nonintervention proposal, pointing out possible consequences of delay; Foreign Minister’s denial of ulterior motives in Italy’s policy toward Spain.
493
Aug. 18 (257) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
DNB communiqué (text printed) relative to German position taken in reply to the French proposal; Italian Embassy comments on difficulties connected with the Spanish situation.
493
Aug. 18 k (85) From the Ambassador in Chile (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s view that the Uruguayan mediation proposal would lead to no satisfactory result; Spanish Minister’s belief that Spain would reject mediation.
494
Aug. 18 (145) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Information from Foreign Minister that his Government could not support the Uruguayan proposal, because it could not meddle in internal affairs of any country.
495
Aug. 19 (34) From the Minister in Uruguay (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s additional statement to the press (text printed) concerning his proposal for mediation to end the Spanish Civil War.
495
[Page LI]1936 Aug. 19 (184) From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
Brazil’s unwillingness to participate in mediation unless all the countries of the New World accept the idea.
496
Aug. 19 (70) From the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Information that the matter of mediation was not discussed at the Diplomatic Corps meeting because of general objections.
497
Aug. 19 (338) From the Chargé in Italy (tel.)
Foreign Office denial of a news report that Italy is giving aid to “Spanish Fascists”. Rumors of aviation activities near Genoa, in Sardinia, and at base of Orbetello.
497
Aug. 20 To the Uruguayan Minister
U. S. inability to accept the suggestion to participate in any offer of mediation in the Spanish conflict.
498
Aug. 20 (69) From the Chargé in Belgium (tel.)
Issuance of a new Belgian decree requiring a license from the Ministry of Economic Affairs for the export from Belgium or the shipment in transit of arms, munitions of war, or material adapted to use in war.
499
Aug. 20 (20) From the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier (tel.)
Resident General’s request for the validation of a dahir of August 17, including petroleum products and certain other commodities among prohibited war supplies; recommendation of acceptance with usual reservations.
(Footnote: Approval given on August 24.)
499
Aug. 20 (339) From the Chargé in Italy (tel.)
French Ambassador’s impression that progress is being made in negotiations with Italy pertaining to nonintervention; Foreign Minister’s critical view of German reply to the French formula; report on press treatment of the nonintervention matter.
500
Aug. 20 (259) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Foreign Office communiqué (text printed) relative to Spanish search of the German steamer Kamerun outside the Spanish sovereignty zone. Evidence that press censorship has given the press more leeway with regard to criticism of the French Government, although the main diatribe is directed against Russia.
501
Aug. 20 (776) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Account of a conversation with Premier Blum’s Chef de Cabinet, during which the attitude of various countries toward the Spanish Civil War was discussed and the matter of nonintervention considered.
502
Aug. 20 (148) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Information from the Foreign Minister that the Mexican Government is sending munitions, manufactured in Mexico, to the Spanish Government.
505
Aug. 20 (406) From the Ambassador in the United Kingdom (tel.)
Foreign Office support of the French proposal for banning arms exports to Spain, and hope that the British declaration of a complete arms embargo will have persuasive value in determining favorable action at Rome and Berlin,
506
[Page LII]1936 Aug. 22 (342) From the Chargé in Italy (tel.)
Principal points of the Italian reply to France on the matter of nonintervention in Spain, including Italy’s promise to give effect to a declaration of nonintervention as soon as France, Great Britain, Portugal, Germany, and the Soviet Union have adhered.
507
Aug. 22 (781) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Belief of competent observers that the sympathies of high French military personnel are divided between the two sides in Spain.
508
Aug. 23 (21) From the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier (tel.)
Expectation that the French will press for prohibitions in the Tangier Zone similar to those indicated for the French Zone in telegram No. 20 of August 20.
509
Aug. 24 (0024) From the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Calling of another meeting of the Diplomatic Corps by the Argentine Ambassador to propose exchange of civilian prisoners; decision not to attend, and request for instructions.
509
Aug. 24 (261) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Press report announcing German decision to put an arms embargo in force.
509
Aug. 24 (345) From the Chargé in Italy (tel.)
Satisfaction in French and British circles with Italian reply to the nonintervention proposal; French Ambassador’s explanation as to why only European states were to be asked to adhere to the proposal.
510
Aug. 25 (76) From the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Diplomatic Corps’ plan to offer to the Spanish Government mediation in the matter of civilian prisoners and the shelling of open cities.
511
Aug. 25 (788) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
French relief over German decision to ban exportation of arms to Spain, tempered, however, by a second German decision to increase the term of compulsory military service. French consideration of possibility of a public appeal by all nations for abatement of the savage character of Spanish warfare, such as the execution of prisoners.
511
Aug. 25 (B–6) To the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Approval of decision not to attend Diplomatic Corps meeting; attendance at future meetings left to Ambassador’s discretion.
512
Aug. 27 (34) From the Minister in Portugal (tel.)
Portuguese publication of a decree prohibiting exportation or transit of arms and munitions of war to Spain.
512
Aug. 27 (22) From the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier (tel.)
Advice that no action has been taken relative to acceptance of the oil dahir, due to certain difficulties.
513
Aug. 28 (348) From the Chargé in Italy (tel.)
Italian issuance of a communiqué stating that measures have been adopted prohibiting exportation, reexportation, and transit to Spain and the Spanish possessions of arms, munitions, and war material, as well as airplanes and war vessels.
513
[Page LIII]1936 Aug. 28 (B–10) To the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Information from the French Ambassador that his Government is giving serious consideration to the Diplomatic Corps’ proposed appeal to both factions in Spain “to stop wholesale assassinations of civilians” by bombing open cities; request for certain information.
513
Aug. 28 (23) From the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier (tel.)
Protest against French Zone dahir of August 17 by de facto Spanish authorities at Tetuán. Suggestion for draft of U. S. note of acquiescence (substance printed).
514
Aug. 29 (197) From the Chargé” in the Soviet Union (tel.)
Report of and comments on an exchange of notes on August 23 between Foreign Minister Litvinov and the French Chargé with regard to nonintervention in Spain.
515
Aug. 29 From the Consul at Bordeaux (tel.)
Account of visit to practically all land frontier posts between France and Spain, during which no evidence was found, except possibly at Hendaye, to indicate that the French are sending supplies to the Spanish Government or the insurgents.
516
Aug. 29 From the Vice Consul at Vigo (tel.)
Advice that the insurgent army claims progress on all fronts, domination of three-fourths of the national territory, and two-thirds of the population. Arrival of Italian planes and aviators, and of two German vessels loaded with “pineapples and grapes.”
517
Aug. 29 (79) From the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Diplomatic Corps’ proposal to offer to the Government intercession on behalf of civilian prisoners, ask for cessation of shelling unprotected cities, and for protection of national monuments and works of art; comment on the proposal, in which U. S. Embassy has not participated, and possibility of its being submitted also to the insurgent leaders.
517
Aug. 31 (199) From the Chargé in the Soviet Union (tel.)
Tass announcement in Izvestia in connection with the coming into force of the notes exchanged between the U. S. S. R. and France on noninterference in Spanish affairs.
518
Sept. 1 (X–116) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Evacuation of Italian and German Embassies to Alicante; arrival of Soviet Ambassador in Madrid.
519
Sept. 1 (B–14) To the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Press report regarding proposals by members of the Diplomatic Corps to the Spanish Government to humanize the civil war; request for text of the proposals in order to determine what U. S. action might be taken without deviating from nonintervention policy.
519
Sept. 1 (B–15) To the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Request for information regarding procedure for presenting the Diplomatic Corps proposal to the insurgent leaders.
520
Sept. 2 (12) To the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier (tel.)
Advice that, in view of recent developments, the Department considers it unwise to acquiesce at the present time in the application of the dahir of August 17.
520
[Page LIV]1936 [Sept. 2] (89) From the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Telegram to the Foreign Minister (text printed) signed by the Dean of the Diplomatic Corps and nine other Chiefs of Mission, proposing intercession with regard to conduct of the war.
521
Sept. 3 (91) From the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s reply (text printed) to the Diplomatic Corps’ telegram; opinion that reply seems a polite refusal; information on Corps’ contemplated actions.
522
Sept. 3 (B–17) To the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Press despatch quoting the Argentine Ambassador as saying “that foreign diplomats were seeking a truce in Spain to prevent ‘a world war’”; request for information on future Corps discussions.
523
Sept. 4 (93) From the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Informal conversation at Corps meeting regarding what report would be given to the press if Government maintains its position. Intention to make certain suggestions at next meeting unless otherwise instructed.
(Footnote: Instructions not to participate.)
523
Sept. 4 (357) From the Chargé in Italy (tel.)
Italian intention to send an additional cruiser to Barcelona as demonstration against the killing of a sixth Italian in Spain; reports circulating in press circles that a cruiser now proceeding to Barcelona has 125 infantrymen and Black Shirts aboard.
524
Sept. 5 (94) From the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
French press reports of a Spanish Cabinet change with representation of all parties of the Popular Front.
524
Sept. 5 (359) From the Chargé in Italy (tel.)
Increased alarm in press over Popular Front demonstrations in France, attributed to Nationalist victories in Spain and fear of a Cabinet crisis in France. Foreign Office reference to France as one country that has not put into effect the nonintervention agreement which she herself proposed.
525
Sept. 5 (835) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Foreign Office communiqué denying allegations that the Government is not strictly living up to its embargo on export of war munitions to Spain.
526
Sept. 5 From the Consul at Bilbao (tel.)
Governor’s request that José del Rio, Government delegate, be evacuated to France aboard the destroyer Kane in order to meet with an insurgent delegate to arrange exchange of prisoners. Request for authorization.
526
Sept. 6 To the Consul at Bilbao (tel.)
Request for further information as to Del Rio’s mission, with stress on importance of adherence to policy of noninterference in Spanish internal affairs.
526
Sept. 6 (X–127) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Conversation with the Soviet Ambassador, who said that his appointment was intended to demonstrate Soviet moral support of the Spanish Government, and who commented on assistance to the insurgents by two European countries.
527
[Page LV]1936 Sept. 8 (38) From the Minister in Uruguay (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s announcement that he will postpone official mediation negotiations in the Spanish situation until a more suitable opportunity arises; his recommendation that the Uruguayan Minister at Washington continue conversations privately.
528
Sept. 8 From the Consul at Bilbao (tel.)
Information that Del Rio’s mission is unofficial and was arranged by two bishops, with Government permission to leave for France.
528
Sept. 11 (430) From the Ambassador in the United Kingdom (tel.)
Comments regarding the forthcoming London meeting of the International Committee for the Application of the Nonintervention Agreement, and reasons for rortugaPs nonparticipation.
529
Sept. 14 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Mexican Affairs
Mexican Ambassador’s inquiry concerning the sale by American firms of arms and munitions to the Mexican Government for reshipment to the Spanish Government.
530
Sept. 15 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Mexican Affairs
Oral reply to the Mexican Ambassador, pointing out that U. S. position on arms shipments to Spain is well known, and that there is no intention of departing from it.
531
Sept. 18 (X–155) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Statement to the press by Minister of State Del Vayo, prior to his departure for Geneva, expressing absolute confidence that the Government would conquer the rebellion.
531
Sept. 22 (X–164) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Summary of a five-point note from the Foreign Office enclosing copies of notes addressed to the Governments of Germany, Italy, and Portugal protesting against military aid furnished to the insurgents; information that identical notes were sent to all other governments maintaining relations with the Spanish Government.
532
Sept. 25 (354) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
Account of Del Vayo’s vigorous plea in the League of Nations Assembly for a better understanding of his Government’s position.
533
Sept. 28 (363) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
Information that the Spanish delegation to the League has submitted to the Secretary General documentary evidence of violations of the nonintervention agreement by Germany, Italy, and Portugal.
(Footnote: Publication of the evidence by the Spanish Government on September 30.)
534
Oct. 4 (11) From the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Advice that Franco was named Chief of the Spanish State and Commander in Chief of the national armies by the National Defense Council, at Burgos in a decree of September 29; his promulgation of a law on October 2 organizing the new Spanish state along totalitarian lines.
534
[Page LVI]1936 Oct. 9 (236) From the Chargé in the Soviet Union (tel.)
Résumé of considerations responsible for a Soviet note of October 7 to the International Committee on Non-intervention in Spain.
535
Oct. 10 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Protocol and Conferences
Résumé of a conversation between the Secretary and the newly appointed Spanish Ambassador, who spoke at length of the difficulties in his country as a struggle between two different theories of government, and asked for U. S. aid; Secretary’s detailed reply.
536
Oct. 10 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Protocol and Conferences
Secretary’s statement relative to an incident involving a Department official, that the Department had no intention of restricting the freedom of speech of members of foreign missions on subjects concerning their own countries.
538
Oct. 12 (991) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s indication that, despite the Soviet démarche (referred to in telegram No. 236, October 9, from the Chargé in the Soviet Union), France will not abandon its attitude of absolute neutrality; his comments on the Soviet attitude.
539
Oct. 17 (248) From the Chargé in the Soviet Union (tel.)
Press reports indicating that the Soviet Union is preparing to denounce the international nonintervention agreement on the ground that Italy, Germany, and Portugal are systematically violating it; Foreign Office comments.
539
Oct. 23 From the Consul at Gibraltar (tel.)
Arrival of an Italian ship with veterans of the Ethiopian campaign en route to Tangier and Casablanca, and Spaniards en route to Seville to join Franco’s forces; movement of Moorish troops into Spain.
540
Oct. 24 Memorandum by the Special Assistant to the Secretary of State and Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs
Information from the Portuguese Minister that Portugal has broken off diplomatic relations with the Spanish Government, and explanation of reasons.
541
Oct. 24 (256) From the Chargé in the Soviet Union (tel.)
Violent Soviet press attacks on Germany, Italy, and Portugal for their alleged violation of the nonintervention agreement; comments on an ambiguous statement made by the Soviet Ambassador in London.
541
Oct. 28 To the Ambassador in France (circ. tel.)
Department’s desire to keep informed of French attitude toward recognition of the Spanish insurgents either as belligerents or as a government. Instructions to repeat mutatis mutandis to Embassies at London, Berlin, and Rome.
542
Oct. 29 (X–261) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Observation of a new note of optimism in press and public, as well as improvement in Government morale, seemingly due to arrival of reinforcements, supplies, and war material, and the belief that insurgents do not have sufficient forces to capture Madrid.
543
[Page LVII]1936 Oct. 29 (436) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Indications pointing to early recognition of the Burgos government if Madrid should fall; Italian interest in Catalonia; press comment on Soviet intervention in Spain.
544
Oct. 29 (2615) From the Ambassador in the United Kingdom
Soviet Ambassador’s clarification of his Government’s position, given at recent London meeting of the International Committee for Non-intervention in Spain; information on other questions discussed at the meeting.
545
Oct. 31 (1069) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Unlikelihood of any French action regarding recognition of a state of belligerency; French belief that Germany and Italy will recognize the Spanish insurgents after the capture of Madrid, but that the British will go more slowly.
547
Oct. 31 (439) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Information from Ciano that Italy and Germany would recognize the Franco government as soon as it entered Madrid, and that the two countries were in accord concerning the prevention of the setting up of any Communist regime in the Mediterranean.
548
Nov. 2 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Near Eastern Affairs
Italian Ambassador’s observations on the menace of Communism in Europe, and on the importance of preventing the establishment of a Communist regime in Spain or in any portion of it.
549
Nov. 3 (321) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Italian Embassy’s views on question of Italy’s recognition of the Franco regime, and on the importance of preventing establishment of a Soviet regime in the Mediterranean.
549
Nov. 4 (511) From the Ambassador in the United Kingdom (tel.)
Foreign Office search for a “middle ground”, in view of the readiness of Germany and Italy to recognize the Franco government.
550
Nov. 5 (131/02) From the Spanish Embassy
Telegram from the Spanish Government (text printed) containing the deposition of an Italian soldier, captured on the Madrid front, as proof that Italy is sending troops into Spain against their will.
551
Nov. 5 (X–281) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
List of members of the new Government formed on November 4, representing all parties and labor organizations supporting the Popular Front.
552
Nov. 6 (B–60) To the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Appreciation of information which the Ambassador has been sending, and desire to be fully informed on the developments in the Spanish situation.
552
Nov. 8 (52) From the Chargé in El Salvador (tel.)
Recognition of the Burgos government by El Salvador.
553
Nov. 9 (76) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Recognition of the Spanish insurgent government by Guatemala.
553
[Page LVIII]1936 Nov. 9 Memorandum by the Special Assistant to the Secretary of State and Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs
Spanish Ambassador’s presentation of a telegram received from his Government (text printed) indicating decision to establish the capital temporarily at Valencia. Ambassador’s desire to be received by President Roosevelt in order to discuss certain matters with him.
553
Nov. 9 From the Consul General at Barcelona (tel.)
Description of a parade of radical organizations in honor of the Soviet anniversary of November 7. Reliable information that a Soviet steamer is discharging munitions of war at Barcelona; unverified reports on arrival of munitions in small lots from France.
555
Nov. 9 (153) From the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Comments on the Spanish situation, especially in respect to the question of recognition of the Franco government.
555
Nov. 10 (1099) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Foreign Office information that no change in the nonintervention policy toward Spain is under consideration. Comment on French maintenance of satisfactory relations with Spanish de facto authorities.
557
Nov. 18 (13) From the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Arrival of 1,200 Germans, rumored to be part of a contingent of 5,000 Germans who arrived at Cadiz on November 16.
558
Nov. 18 (471) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Italy’s recognition of the Franco government, and plan for opening diplomatic relations; information from Ciano that similar recognition has been given by Germany.
558
Nov. 19 To the Spanish Ambassador
Advice that an investigation of aleged illicit shipments of war materials from the United States to the Spanish insurgent forces will be made, and indication that no application had been made for a license necessary for legal shipment.
558
Nov. 19 (1131) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Foreign Office view that recognition of Franco by Italy and Germany before the capture of Madrid is intended as encouragement to the Nationalist forces.
559
Nov. 19 (545) From the Ambassador in the United Kingdom (tel.)
Foreign Office comment on the Spanish situation, and concern over developments; informant’s personal opinion that a loose federation of semi-autonomous states in Spain would be the best solution.
560
Nov. 19 (342) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Analysis of and comments on the situation following recognition of the Franco government by Germany and Italy.
560
Nov. 20 (548) From the Ambassador in the United Kingdom (tel.)
Foreign Secretary Eden’s replies to queries in the House of Commons, with regard to recognition of General Franco’s government and the effect it may have on the nonintervention policy.
562
[Page LIX]1936 Nov. 20 (1230) From the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France
Comprehensive report on various influences and events connected with the Spanish Civil War, with summary of the situation as of November 18.
563
Nov. 20 (1109) From the Minister in Portugal
Probable reasons for Portugal’s delay in extending recognition to the Franco government.
570
No. 21 (345) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Observations on the appointment of General Von Faupel as Chargé” to the Franco government.
571
Nov. 23 (167) From the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Press report of the appearance in Cartagena waters of a number of submarines, probably Italian; radio report from the Kane of an apparent explosion on a Government cruiser in Cartagena harbor.
571
Nov. 24 (483) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Conversation with Ciano, who expressed the opinion that, despite delay, General Franco would certainly take Madrid; that there was no immediate danger of hostilities involved in the coming of Soviet supply shins; and that Italy was trying to save Western civilization from Communist domination.
572
Nov. 25 Memorandum by the Special Assistant to the Secretary of State and Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs of a Conversation Between the Acting Secretary of State and the Spanish Ambassador
Spanish Ambassador’s transmittal of an official statement by the Spanish Government concerning the alleged activities of German and Italian war vessels in and near Spanish waters, and his comment on the extremely dangerous situation in Madrid; Acting Secretary’s statement that decision to remove U. S. nationals and officials to Valencia had been actuated solely by concern for the safety of American lives.
572
Nov. 25 (567) From the Ambassador in the United Kingdom (tel.)
Foreign Office admission that France dissuaded the British from granting belligerent rights to the Spanish warring factions, and general views on the situation in Spain.
574
Nov. 25 (1149) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
French increasing fear of a general European war, and decision to propose to Great Britain united pressure on the Soviet Union on the one hand and Germany and Italy on the other to stop the incognito war they are fighting against each other in Spain.
574
Nov. 27 (14) From the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Arrival of 7,000 men and large amounts of military supplies at Cadiz, where traffic has been at a maximum due to visits of numerous German vessels.
575
Nov. 27 (235) From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that Nicaraguan Government has sent to the Spanish Chargé in El Salvador its congratulations on the triumph of the new Spanish government and General Franco’s forces; Under Secretary’s statement that this is tantamount to recognition.
576
[Page LX]1936 Nov. 27 (1157) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Résumé of a conversation with the Italian Ambassador regarding the Spanish situation, and impression that Mussolini has decided to give Franco all aid necessary to achieve victory.
576
Nov. 28 (483) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
Circulation of a Spanish note appealing to the League Council, under article 11 of the Covenant, to examine the situation created by recognition of the Franco government by Germany and Italy.
577
Nov. 28 (1160–1165) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Foreign Minister Delbos’ proposal for a French-British appeal to Germany, Italy, and the Soviet Union to stop all supplies to Spain, and to join in a proposal to Franco and the Madrid Government to accept immediate mediation; his opinion that, if the President of the United States should join in this démarche, the chances for success would be great.
578
Nov. 28 (496) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Information that 10,000 Black Shirt militiamen are being selected to be sent from Italy to aid the insurgent forces, in addition to machine gunners and Alpine infantry.
582
Nov. 29 (15) From the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Information from Hitler’s alleged chief agent in Spain that he had informed Franco that, due to his failure to take Madrid he must accept German direction of the campaign, else Germany would withdraw its war material.
582
Nov. 30 (487) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Opinion that matters reported in No. 1160, November 28, should remain in abeyance until the President’s return to Washington.
583
Dec. 1 (1178) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Conversation with Blum, who said he had received indications that the British Government would join the French in bringing pressure on the Italian, German, and Soviet Governments to stop all support of the warring factions in Spain and propose mediation. His inquiry if President Roosevelt could cooperate in the fields of reduction of economic barriers and disarmament.
583
Dec. 2 From the Consul General at Barcelona (tel.)
Information that increasing quantities of munitions and thousands of foreign volunteers are arriving from France.
584
Dec. 3 (593) From the Ambassador in the United Kingdom (tel.)
Foreign Office view that Germany is determined to secure success for the Franco forces, in contrast to the Soviets, who would be willing to seek their ultimate ends through less obvious means; Foreign Office comments in connection with the Non-Intervention Committee.
585
Dec. 4 (595) From the Ambassador in the United Kingdom (tel.)
Anglo-French agreement that the British and French Ambassadors at Rome, Berlin, and Moscow should approach those Governments asking their cooperation in an attempt to check the Spanish war; this attempt to take the form of representations by these five Governments to both the Madrid Government and the insurgents.
585
[Page LXI]1936 Dec. 4 (359) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Information from the British Embassy that 5,000 German “volunteers” had arrived at Seville on their way to join the Franco forces. Discussion of the matter of Germans fighting in Spain.
586
Dec. 4 Memorandum by the Special Assistant to the Secretary of State and Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs
British Ambassador’s transmittal of a message concerning Anglo-French representations (text printed) made to the Governments of Germany, Italy, the Soviet Union, and Portugal with a view to stopping arms shipments to Spain, and proposing mediation; his indication that great importance is attached to some American public statement in support of the Anglo-French démarche.
587
Dec. 5 Memorandum by the Special Assistant to the Secretary of State and Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs
Delivery of a message by the French Ambassador similar to the one submitted by the British Ambassador.
589
Dec. 5 (X–372) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Information from the Minister of State, prior to his departure for Geneva, that his Government would not seek foreign intervention at Geneva, but would limit itself to presenting evidence of illegal methods used by the insurgents in conduct of the war.
590
Dec. 5 (360) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Conversation with a Foreign Office official, who gave information of certain suggestions which had been made by the Nonintervention Committee in London and possible German attitude.
591
Dec. 7 (511) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Information regarding an Anglo-French joint communication to the Governments of Germany, Italy, the Soviet Union, and Portugal, urging them to stop shipment of war material to Spain, and suggesting mediation; Ciano’s unfavorable reception of proposal.
592
Dec. 7 Memorandum by the Special Assistant to the Secretary of State and Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs
Inquiry from the French Ambassador as to whether the Secretary had indicated his attitude relative to the Anglo-French mediation proposal. Receipt of a British memorandum (text printed) pointing out Latin American interest in mediation, indicating intention to give publicity to the Anglo-French initiative, and expressing hope for a statement by President Roosevelt.
593
Dec. 8 (178) From the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Report on the military situation by two war correspondents, returning from Burgos; indication that Salamanca resembles a German military camp.
593
Dec. 8 (361) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Advice that Foreign Office is completing its reply to the suggestions of the Non-intervention Committee (reported in telegram No. 360, December 5); conversation with officials who expressed sympathy with the proposal, but questioned its practicability.
594
[Page LXII]1936 Dec. 8 (1213) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Conversation with Delbos, who gave a summary of the replies to the Anglo-French démarche received from the Soviet Union, Germany, and Italy.
594
Dec. 8 (1217) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Résumé of a conversation with Foreign Office officials regarding the forthcoming Council Meeting at Geneva to consider the Spanish question; French preoccupation to prevent any action which might give the Germans and Italians an excuse for withdrawing from the London Non-intervention Committee.
595
Dec. 9 Memorandum by the Special Assistant to the Secretary of State and Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs
Information given to the British and French Ambassadors that, upon public announcement of the Anglo-French mediation proposal, the Acting Secretary will make a statement to the press, expressing hope for some solution to end the Spanish conflict.
596
Dec. 9 (512) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Advice that no action will be taken in support of the Anglo-French proposal until it is publicly announced.
597
Dec. 9 (600) From the Ambassador in the United Kingdom (tel.)
Résumé of a conversation with Eden, who said that the Anglo-French proposals would be announced today; his hope that the United States might subsequently issue a statement expressing a general blessing on efforts to end the Spanish conflict.
597
Dec. 9 (601) From the Ambassador in the United Kingdom (tel.)
Comments on the kind of U. S. statement Eden desires. Ambassador’s opinion that U. S. Government should exercise caution to avoid involvement, by implication, in the larger European issues.
598
Dec. 9 (1223) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Unfavorable attitude of Argentine Ambassador toward any attempt by his Government to intervene in Spain.
599
Dec. 10 (1240) From the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France
Detailed report on the various aspects of the Spanish war, and comment on the wisdom of U. S. policy of neutrality and nonintervention.
600
Dec. 10 (X–384) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Expected landing on Mediterranean coast of an insurgent expeditionary force from Majorca, chiefly composed of foreigners and convoyed by German and Italian ships and air fleet; information that Government defense plans are placed in charge of a Russian General, employing international column troops.
605
Dec. 10 (517) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Statement to the press (text printed) following a public notice in the press regarding efforts by European countries to mediate in the Spanish Civil War.
(Footnote: Sent also to the Ambassador in the United Kingdom with exception of last paragraph.)
606
Dec. 10 (1229) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Delbos’ explanation regarding a hoped-for statement from President Roosevelt on the Anglo-French mediation proposal.
607
[Page LXIII]1936 Dec. 10 (506) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
Report on a private Council meeting, at which the Spanish conflict was placed on the agenda; unfavorable attitude in certain League circles toward the Anglo-French démarche.
607
Dec. 12 (513) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
Chief points of a resolution concerning the Spanish affair, unanimously adopted by the League Council, and comments of various delegations thereon.
608
Dec. 13 (524) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Italian official announcement that reply to the Anglo-French démarche was delivered December 12, and that Germany replied simultaneously with an analogous text. Information from British Embassy that general tone of the Italian reply is favorable.
610
Dec. 14 From the Consul at Gibraltar (tel.)
Report from German informant returning from the Madrid front on the political and military situation, indicating that Franco’s forces will hold all occupied territory and will conquer more, although they would collapse without German and Italian support.
611
Dec. 14 (369) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Confidential statement (substance printed) regarding the Spanish war made by the official representative of the War Ministry to U. S. Military Attaché; request to repeat to War Department.
612
Dec. 14 (610) From the Ambassador in the United Kingdom (tel.)
Foreign Office view that all replies to the Anglo-French démarche support the work of the London Non-intervention Committee, but that Germany, Italy, and Portugal offer no support for the principle of mediation; Anglo-French discussions as to further possible steps which might lead to successful mediation.
612
Dec. 14 Memorandum by the Acting Secretary of State
Conversation with the British Ambassador, who expressed thanks for the U. S. statement in connection with the Anglo-French démarche.
613
Dec. 18 (2725) From the Ambassador in the United Kingdom
Information on Eden’s statement in the House of Commons, December 16 (text printed), regarding the terms of the Italian guarantee relative to the Balearic Islands, and on a contemplated Anglo-Italian accord in the Mediterranean.
613
Dec. 24 (1294) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Foreign Office denial of a news report that Germany had been “warned” against further intervention in Spain; evidence of stiffening of French attitude toward German intervention.
614
Dec. 28 (628) From the Ambassador in the United Kingdom (tel.)
Foreign Office opinion that the only hope of successful mediation in Spain lies in a stalemate between the opposing forces; its opinion also relative to German loss of prestige in recent months.
615
[Page LXIV]1936 Dec. 29 (377) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Evidence that Hitler is giving more military assistance to Spain than ever before, despite Anglo-French efforts to end the war.
617
Dec. 29 (553) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Substance of draft of Anglo-Italian joint declaration in respect to the Mediterranean expected to be signed soon; British Embassy’s opinion that conclusion of this accord will create a favorable atmosphere for a more satisfactory arrangement regarding Spain.
(Footnote: Information on exchange of notes, dated December 31.)
617
Dec. 29 (555) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Reasons for Department’s having been obliged to grant two licenses for the export of airplanes to Spain, and authorization to bring facts to the attention of Foreign Office. Request to repeat to Embassies at London, Berlin, and Rome for appropriate action, and to Moscow for information only.
618
Dec. 30 (1305) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Foreign Office information that the Soviet Union has accepted the Anglo-French proposal to ban volunteers to Spain, subject to acceptance by the other powers, but that no reply has been received from Germany and Italy.
620
Dec. 30 (17) From the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Arrival of Italian troops and Irish volunteers; expectation of the early fall of Madrid.
620
Dec. 30 From the Vice Consul at Gibraltar (tel.)
Presence of a new insurgent cruiser and of German warships in the Gibraltar area; indication that blockade of Straits of Gibraltar by insurgents is spreading.
621
Dec. 30 (380) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Résumé of a conversation with a high German official, who said he was almost certain that Hitler would accept the Anglo-French neutrality proposal.
621
Dec. 30 (229) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Information regarding the exportation of American-made equipment from Mexico to Spain.
622
Dec. 31 Memorandum by the Special Assistant to the Secretary of State and Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs
Conversation with the Spanish Ambassador, who expressed regret at U. S. attitude toward the shipment of planes to the Spanish Government, and pointed out that while the democratic governments were keeping their word in connection with nonintervention, the Fascist governments were breaking their word and continued to pour forces and equipment into the insurgent movement.
623
Dec. 31 (190) From the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Advice that granting of license to aircraft brokers is causing much press comment, and that Germany is citing U. S. action as justification for continuing intervention policy; suggestion in connection with use of the word “faction” in probable legislation extending the neutrality act.
624
[Page LXV]1936 Dec. 31 (230) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Authorization to request Mexican authorities to assist the United States, as an act of international courtesy, in the enforcement of its laws respecting international traffic in arms, in connection with the alleged export of American planes to Spain via Mexico.
624
Dec. 31 (B–101) To the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Advice that suggestion concerning use of the word “faction” will be brought to the attention of the proper persons.
625
Dec. 31 From the Consul at Barcelona (tel.)
Advice that some 20,000 foreign volunteers of various nationalities have passed through Barcelona for the front since October 31; worsening of security for persons and property in the city.
625
Dec. 31 (233) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
President’s promise of cooperation with the Department to prevent airplanes or other war materials of American origin from being sent to Spain.
626

ii. protection of lives and property of americans and other nationals

Date and number Subject Page
1936 July 21 (621) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Telephone conversation with Eric C. Wendelin, Third Secretary of Embassy at Madrid, who said that no American had been injured so far, that most telephone communications were interrupted, and that he had made arrangements for transportation of members of the American colony to the Embassy in case of danger.
(Footnote: Information that Wendelin was left in charge of the Embassy at Madrid when the Ambassador and his staff moved to San Sebastián on July 10.)
626
July 21 To All American Consuls in Spain (tel.)
Instructions to keep Department informed of all developments, especially as to safety and welfare of American nationals, and to make recommendations for their protection.
627
July 21 (272) To the Ambassador in the United Kingdom (tel.)
Instructions to express to the British authorities U. S. appreciation for measures taken by the Captain of H. M. S. Shamrock for safeguarding Americans in Malaga, and to inform them that U. S. ships Oklahoma and Quincy have been ordered to Spanish waters.
(Footnote: Information that American tourists at Malaga had escaped on the Shamrock.)
627
July 22 (625) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Telephone information from Wendelin that he is preparing the Madrid Embassy with food supplies to receive American residents in case of necessity. Wendelin’s account of an incident involving injury to an American. Report from Consul at Barcelona regarding situation there.
628
[Page LXVI]1936 July 22 (626) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Wendelin’s decision to open Embassy to American nationals.
630
July 22 (629) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Telephone information from Madrid that all Americans have been offered protection in the Embassy if they care to come; report that situation is ominous, and urgent request for cruiser Quincy to be sent to Barcelona.
631
July 23 (630) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Advice from Consul at Barcelona that one British and two Italian warships have arrived and are available for the protection of Americans; other details on the situation at Barcelona, and on whereabouts of certain consular personnel.
632
July 23 From the Consul at Bilbao (tel.)
Information that Bilbao is virtually in a state of siege, and that looting may result due to food shortage; request for a war vessel to evacuate American women and children.
633
July 23 (51) From the Counselor of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Description of the dangerous situation, and recommendation that an American ship be sent immediately; impossibility to communicate with Ambassador at Fuenterrabia.
633
July 23 (632) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Telephone information from Madrid that 30 women and children are in Embassy, and that more are expected; report on military situation.
634
July 23 (3) To President Roosevelt, at Sea (tel.)
Suggestion that certain U. S. war vessels be sent into Spanish waters to protect American nationals, in view of the serious situation in Spain and the fact that the two vessels now in European waters cannot be kept there indefinitely.
635
July 23 (240) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Advice that the S. S. Exeter will call at Barcelona on July 24, and the U. S. S. Oklahoma at Bilbao on July 25, both available for the evacuation of Americans.
(Instructions to repeat to Barcelona, San Sebastián, and Madrid.)
636
July 23 (243) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Message to be conveyed to Wendelin (text printed) expressing gratification at thoroughness of reports and steps taken to protect Americans in Madrid, and giving authorization for expenditures in connection with the care of Americans and protection of the Embassy.
636
July 23 (635) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Information from Consul at Barcelona that a Consulate General car, bearing the American flag, was fired upon, and that a Spanish clerk of the Consulate General and the British driver were probably killed; Catalan government’s promise to investigate.
636
[Page LXVII]1936 July 23 To the Consul at Barcelona (tel.)
Advice that the Belgian Government has requested U. S. cooperation in the evacuation of Belgian nationals from Barcelona, and that the Commanding Officer of the Exeter has been informed to give every consideiation to the request.
637
July 23 (636) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Information from Madrid that practically all native Americans, numbering over 100, are in the Embassy, due to the increasingly serious situation.
638
Undated [Rec’d July 24] From President Roosevelt, at Sea (tel.)
Approval of ordering naval vessels from United States to Spain; suggestion relative to hiring vessels in European waters, to speed up evacuation procedure.
638
July 24 (5) To President Roosevelt, at Sea (tel.)
Belief that arrangements now in effect are adequate for the present emergency.
639
July 24 (637) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Telephone message from Barcelona, confirming death of the Consulate General’s Spanish clerk and of his British companion; expression of regret by local authorities.
639
July 24 (643) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Telephone message from Wendelin indicating continued efforts to protect American residents in Madrid, and attempt to secure additional police protection for the Embassy.
640
July 24 (644) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Information from Foreign Office concerning location of French vessels, in Spanish waters to evacuate French nationals, which would also evacuate Americans.
640
July 24 To the Consul at Barcelona (tel.)
Instructions to express sympathy and regret to the Spanish clerk’s family; authorization to draw on Department up to $300 for funeral expenses and payment of one month’s salary.
641
July 24 To the Consul at Gibraltar (tel.)
Advice that U. S. S. Quincy has been ordered to Malaga and Gibraltar to evacuate Americans; inquiry as to the number of Americans left in Malaga who wish to be evacuated; authorization to draw on Department up to $500 to meet the emergency.
641
July 24 (649) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Information from Barcelona that the Exeter evacuated all Americans wishing to go and about 80 other nationals.
Advice that Wendelin suggests Department try cabling direct, since it is reported that direct cable communication with America has been reestablished.
642
July 25 From the Consul at Bordeaux (tel.)
Evacuation of foreigners from San Sebastián by British and French destroyers; intention to cable list of refugees as soon as received.
642
[Page LXVIII]1936 July 25 (48) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Advice that the Quincy has been instructed to visit Valencia and Malaga to evacuate American and other nationals.
643
July 25 From the Consul at Barcelona (tel.)
Request that U. S. S. Quincy be sent to Barcelona, as all communications are threatened.
643
July 26 To the Consul at Barcelona (tel.)
Advice that request has been transmitted to the Commander of the Quincy.
643
July 26 (24) From the Minister in Portugal (tel.)
Request from Madrid for approval to evacuate Americans by train to Valencia, and for authority to extend protection of the Embassy to Austrians; advice that Panamanians and Cubans will also be housed in the Embassy.
644
July 26 To the Ambassador in France (circ. tel.)
Instructions to inform Wendelin of Department’s approval to evacuate Americans by train to Valencia if Spanish Government guarantees safety and of authorization to extend protection to Austrians in his discretion.
(Footnote: Sent also to Lisbon, Madrid, and to U. S. S. Oklahoma for notification of Quincy.)
644
July 26 From the Consul at Vigo (tel.)
Public apology made to the Consul by military authorities after his vigorous protest against a public insult in the street by uniformed armed Fascist; opinion that the military will be able to protect Consulate and families.
644
July 26 From the Consul at Bordeaux (tel.)
Message from Bowers, the Ambassador in Spain (text printed), indicating that all Americans have been evacuated from San Sebastián and Bilbao; that Embassy personnel has been transferred to Fuenterrabia, and that he feels the Cayuga should be in reach of Embassy in order to facilitate radio communication with Washington.
645
July 26 (660) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Expectation of severe fighting at Fuenterrabia, and advisability that Ambassador Bowers be ordered to leave with his household on the Cayuga for France.
645
July 26 (256) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Advice that Bowers has been authorized to leave Fuenterrabia for France or elsewhere.
646
July 27 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Conversation with the Spanish Ambassador, who offered his services in connection with the safety of American citizens in Spain, and described the situation in his country.
647
Undated [Rec’d July 27] From the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Arrival at St. Jean de Luz, since unable to communicate from Fuenterrabia, in order to confer with colleagues; expectation to return to Fuenterrabia, and to spend part time in each place; request that Cayuga be placed at his sole disposition.
648
[Page LXIX]1936 July 27 To the Consul at Vigo (tel.)
Information that Cayuga with Ambassador Bowers aboard is proceeding along north coast of Spain to Vigo, evacuating any Americans found at points along the coast; authority to close Vigo Consulate under certain conditions.
648
July 28 (X–4) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Action of Madrid Diplomatic Corps to secure Government guarantee for protection of life and property of its members and foreign residents; consideration of joint evacuation of foreigners to Valencia or Alicante by special train.
649
July 29 To All American Consular Officers in Spain (circ. tel.)
Authorization to extend consular facilities for protection and evacuation to the nationals of certain countries.
649
July 29 From the Consul at Barcelona (tel.)
Information that President of Cataluña cannot guarantee protection of Americans in Barcelona, and his suggestion that foreigners be evacuated by foreign ships; breakdown of transportation and local communication.
650
July 29 To All American Consuls in Spain (circ. tel.)
Desirability of advising American nationals to withdraw to places of safety, or to reach points from which they can be evacuated.
650
July 29 (X–7) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Reply from Foreign Office to the Diplomatic Corps relative to possible joint evacuation of foreign residents from Madrid by special train. Corps’ decision to investigate railroad facilities for evacuation to a Mediterranean port.
651
July 29 (X–9) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Advice that American press reports regarding confiscation of American property by the Spanish Government are as yet unfounded, except for requisition of American private cars for war purposes.
652
July 30 (61) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Desirability to continue cooperation with the Diplomatic Corps to obtain safeguards and guarantees with regard to train facilities to coastal points, but to inform Americans of facilities available to be used on their own responsibility.
652
July 30 (X–13) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Government’s willingness to authorize extra coaches on regular trains for Valencia and Alicante, provided persons leaving thereon get a special visa. Investigation of possibility of reserving a coach on the regular Valencia train for July 30 or 31.
653
Undated [Rec’d July 30] (8030) From the Ambassador in Spain, Then on the U. S. S. “Cayuga” (tel.)
Assistance to officers of the Firestone plant at Bilbao in connection with the taking over of that plant by the Government to make tires for war purposes. Evacuee situation.
653
July 30 From the Consul at Barcelona (tel.)
Information from British Admiral that all Americans desiring to leave Palma de Mallorca will be taken on a British warship.
654
[Page LXX]1936 Aug. 1 (63) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Telegram sent to all consular officers in Spain (text printed) relative to evacuation of American nationals. Concern over decision of a large number of Americans to remain in Madrid, and advice that funds are available for Americans who would like to leave but are in financial need.
654
Aug. 1 (X–22) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Evacuation of 111 Americans by train to Valencia, from where they will sail to Marseille aboard U. S. S. Quincy; 71 Americans still in Madrid Embassy, and about 107 outside.
655
Aug. 1 (X–23) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Further action of Diplomatic Corps to protect lives and property of foreign nationals.
656
Aug. 2 (X–27) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Information as to number of U. S. citizens left in the Embassy and the Madrid Consular District; advice that those in financial need will be evacuated in accordance with instructions.
656
Aug. 3 (69) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Concern over reports indicating actual interference with American property in Spain; instructions to advise the Spanish Government that private property, whether in the hands of American nationals or temporarily abandoned by them, may not be denied the protection to which it is entitled by international law.
657
Aug. 4 (X–28) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Advice that very few Americans are financially unable to leave Spain, but that many do not wish to leave for business or family reasons.
658
Aug. 4 From the Consul at Barcelona (tel.)
Request for instructions relative to the filing of a claim for indemnification in the death of the Consulate General’s Spanish clerk.
(Footnote: Department’s instructions not to file any claim.)
658
Aug. 4 (X–30) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Consideration at Diplomatic Corps meeting of safety of diplomatic missions, and interpretation of right of asylum; observations on the situation and request for amplification of instructions on asylum.
659
Aug. 5 (X–32) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Resume of efforts to assure the safety of U. S. official buildings and residences of U. S. Government officials and private citizens.
660
Aug. 5 (70) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Belief that requests of persons other than Americans for refuge in Embassy should be discouraged, but that in circumstances where immediate question of life is at stake, an exception may be made.
661
Aug. 5 (X–33) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Representations to the Sub-Secretary of State regarding interference with American property; issuance of Embassy certificates to American firms to prevent seizure without payment.
661
[Page LXXI]1936 Aug. 6 (X–34) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Decision at Diplomatic Corps meeting that its Acting Dean should request from the Spanish Government use of an apartment building to house those nationals who otherwise would not be protected.
662
Aug. 7 From the Consul at Malaga (tel.)
Suggestion that U. S. and certain other governments make a joint request to the Madrid Government for assistance in the evacuation of foreign nationals from Granada, and to request similar cooperation from the insurgents at Seville.
662
Aug. 8 To the Consul at Malaga (tel.)
Instructions to inform military authorities that the Socony-Vacuum Oil Company is sending the British registered plane Gaecx to evacuate Americans and other foreign nationals stranded in Granada.
663
Aug. 8 (X–39) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Advice that 12 Americans left by train for Valencia and were taken aboard a British cruiser; comment on remaining Americans in Madrid.
663
Aug. 9 From the Consul at Malaga (tel.)
Advice that instructions of August 8 have been carried out, but that no effective assurance can be given that plane will not be fired upon.
664
Aug. 9 (X–43) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Advice that 15 or 20 Americans will be evacuated on cruiser Quincy; comment on seriousness of the military situation, and indication that an air raid on Madrid is expected.
665
Aug. 10 (76) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Telegram from Ambassador Bowers (text printed) pertaining to the evacuation of all British and Italian nationals and officials from Spain.
Authorization to leave Madrid when it seems no longer safe to remain.
665
Aug. 11 To the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Suspension by Socony-Vacuum Oil Company of flights of the airplane Gaecz to Granada pending the outcome of a project for mass evacuation by train and bus; instructions to inform pilot.
666
Aug. 11 (X–47) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Advice that British representative in Madrid does not feel situation sufficiently serious to leave, although so authorized; efforts to urge remaining Americans to leave; financial assistance to 304 persons.
666
Aug. 12 From the Consul at Vigo (tel.)
Receipt of anonymous death threats following efforts to have an American citizen released from jail.
(Footnote: Consul’s departure, following Department’s authorization to leave for a place of safety, leaving Vice Consul in charge.)
667
[Page LXXII]1936 Aug. 12 To the U. S. S. “Oklahoma” (tel.)
Desire to evacuate Americans from Granada, as requested in a message from the Consul at Seville, and advice that U. S. officials at Madrid and Malaga are authorized to cooperate in evacuation plans. Request that this message be transmitted to the Consul at Seville.
668
Aug. 12 (X–50) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Spanish importers’ request for protection of merchandise purchased in United States for which American shippers have received no payment due to exchange restrictions; opinion that title has passed to Spanish importers and protection cannot be given.
668
Aug. 12 (X–51) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Representations to the Foreign Office with regard to the protection of American property and indemnification if requisitioned, and presentation of various claims in behalf of American firms.
669
Aug. 13 From the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Safe arrival by military plane from Granada of all American tourists except one, who was left behind for lack of room; request to Consul at Gibraltar that U. S. S. Oklahoma be notified to pick them up in Cadiz.
669
Aug. 13 (X–54) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Decision at Diplomatic Corps meeting to seek authority from the respective governments to close missions and leave Madrid in a body, if such move seemed necessary; nonintention to leave until American nationals have been persuaded to go.
670
Aug. 14 To the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Advice that the destroyers Hatfield and Kane have been ordered to Spanish waters to relieve the Oklahoma and that every effort will be made to provide vessels for the evacuation of Americans.
670
Aug. 14 (86) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Colombian Government’s request that the Colombian Minister in Madrid and the Consul and his wife be given refuge in the Embassy because their lives are endangered; request for information.
671
Aug. 14 (87) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Instructions to associate himself with British representations respecting the safety and rescue of 38 staff members of the Rio Tin to Mining Corporation, including an American citizen, who are allegedly held as hostages in the Huelva Mines by “Spanish Communists.”
671
Aug. 15 (X–58) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Information relative to the situation at the Colombian Legation. Belief that, until number of Americans in Madrid can be reduced, requests for refuge in the Embassy from representatives and nationals of other countries should be discouraged.
672
[Page LXXIII]1936 Aug. 16 (X–59) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Advice that the Spanish Government has agreed to send orders to the Huelva Mines urging the miners to release the foreign staff of the Rio Tinto Mining Corporation.
(Footnote: Information on safety of the American involved.)
672
Aug.; 16 (X–60) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Diplomatic Corps discussion on joint withdrawal from Madrid; intent of the majority to leave only if conditions showed evidence of personal danger to foreigners.
673
Aug. 16 (64) From the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Opinion that the number of ships sent by the Navy Department is inadequate.
673
Aug. 18 (X–66) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Government’s promise of early reply to Embassy’s note regarding protection of American property, and assurance that all requisitioned property will be paid for and legal steps taken to apprehend stolen property.
674
Aug. 18 (X–67) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Advice that 151 Americans are known to be in Madrid, of whom 38 are in Embassy; estimate that 20 or 30 may leave in next few days, many more if local situation becomes critical or Embassy is closed.
674
Aug. 18 (B–l) To the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Information that U. S. destroyers Kane and Hatfield have left New York for Spanish waters; belief that vessels now assigned will be able to patrol the Spanish coast effectively for evacuation purposes.
675
Aug. 19 (770) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Telegram from the Consul at Barcelona (text printed) quoting a message from the chief of disembarkation column at Baleares requesting immediate withdrawal of U. S. vessels anchored in the Bay of Palma, as this area is to be bombed by air and sea.
675
Aug. 20 (X–73) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Information on further conference regarding withdrawal of diplomatic missions from Madrid; opinion that conditions do not justify withdrawal for reasons of safety.
676
Aug. 20 (X–75) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Reference to telegram No. X–50 of August 12, and request for instructions as to possible action, in view of increasing requests from importers of American merchandise.
(Footnote: Instructions as requested.)
676
Aug. 20 (90) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Request for information regarding an alleged Government blockade of various coastal areas.
677
[Page LXXIV]1936 Aug. 20 (X–77) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Advice that censorship has been established on all incoming and outgoing mail; that, in anticipation of such possibility, requests were sent to Ambassador Bowers at Hendaye, the Paris Embassy, and the Consulates at Barcelona and Valencia, not to forward confidential material by mail.
677
Aug. 21 From the Consul at Valencia (tel.)
Report on numerous executions of Spaniards, and doubt whether protection of life and property of Americans can be depended upon. Advice that execution of Polish honorary Consul has resulted in attempts by honorary Consuls to obtain U. S. Consulate’s protection; request for instructions.
678
Aug. 21 To the Consul at Valencia (tel.)
Authorization to exercise good offices in behalf of honorary colleagues if convinced they have no political affiliations in Spain, but advice not to compromise primary duty to obtain maximum protection for Americans.
678
Aug. 21 (X–79) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Foreign Office note verbale August 20 (text printed), declaring certain Spanish ports a war zone in which merchant ships are forbidden, in order to prevent furnishing of supplies to insurgents.
679
Aug. 22 (X–80) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Description of situation in Madrid, and opinion that Government is stronger than it was two weeks ago.
679
Aug. 23 (X–82) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Formal note from Foreign Office with regard to protection of property belonging to Spanish citizens or foreigners.
680
Aug. 23 From the Consul at Barcelona (tel.)
Résumé of the situation, and request for authorization to evacuate consular officers and staff members if their lives are in danger; request for gas masks and for additional funds for evacuation of destitute Americans.
681
Aug. 23 (X–83) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Receipt of requests for refuge in the Embassy and for assistance to leave Spain on behalf of Spanish husbands of American wives; request for opinion.
681
Aug. 24 (X–84) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Advice that an official letter from the Embassy at Paris had been opened and censored; note of protest sent to Foreign Office.
682
Aug. 25 (94) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Note for Minister of State (text printed) in reply to note verbale of August 20, concerning the closing of certain Spanish ports to merchant ships.
(Footnote: Delivery of note verbale to the Foreign Office on August 26.)
682
Aug. 25 (95) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Department’s opinion as requested in No. X–83 of August 23.
683
[Page LXXV]1936 Aug. 25 (X–89) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Diplomatic Corps discussion regarding the question of protection of foreign missions and the inviolability of the residences of foreign diplomats, raised by certain incidents.
683
Aug. 25 To the Consul at Barcelona (tel.)
Opinion that the furnishing of gas masks might be interpreted as a reversal of U. S. policy in urging Americans to leave Spain; authority to temporarily close office and to evacuate with American staff members, if it is unsafe to remain.
684
Aug. 26 From the Consul at Barcelona (tel.)
Request of the Red Cross for a donation from the Consulate General. Assurance by the President of the Catalan Council that his government shall continue to give fullest protection to Americans remaining in the district.
685
Aug. 26 (X–92) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Government’s expression of profound regret for violation of Embassy correspondence, and advice that the Ministry of Communications has been instructed to prevent recurrence.
685
Aug. 27 To the Consul at Barcelona (tel.)
Instructions to courteously refuse all requests to contribute to local Red Cross or other relief funds in order to avoid any appearance of taking sides in the present Spanish situation.
685
Aug. 27 (X–100) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Foreign Office apology in connection with an incident at the British Embassy, and assurance that Government recognizes inviolability of residences of all duly accredited diplomatic representatives.
686
Aug. 29 (X–108) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Advice that 14 guards are now assigned permanently to protect Embassy and Consulate.
687
Aug. 30 (102) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Information that U. S. destroyer Kane, en route to Bilbao on evacuation duty, was attacked by an unidentified plane; instructions that incident be brought to the Government’s attention, and informally, with no intention as to recognition, to General Franco’s attention, with request that both sides issue appropriate instructions to prevent further incidents.
687
Aug. 31 To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (circ. tel.)
Possibility that attack on the Kane may have resulted from lack of information by military authorities as to the presence of U. S. vessels in Spanish waters; instructions to bring description and characteristics of U. S. ships operating in Spanish waters to the attention of both factions.
(Sent also to Consuls at Barcelona, Bilbao, Malaga, Seville, Valencia, and Vigo.)
688
Aug. 31 (115) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Categorical statement by the Under Secretary of State that no Government planes were operating in the area where the Kane incident occurred, and that the Government possessed no planes of the type described.
689
[Page LXXVI]1936 Sept. 1 From the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Conversation with General Queipo de Llano, who would not admit that his forces were involved in the Kane incident, but promised investigation, and suggested that attacker might have been Russian.
690
Sept. 1 To the Consul at Barcelona (tel.)
Instructions to assist the Costa Rican Consul in the protection or evacuation of Costa Rican nationals, should need arise.
690
Sept. 1 (B–13) To the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Telegram sent to the Embassy at Madrid and to all American Consulates in Spain (text printed) quoting Secretary’s statement to the press in reply to an inquiry as to whether United States contemplates withdrawal of U. S. ships from Spanish waters.
691
Sept. 1 (816) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Telegram to Madrid Embassy (text printed) relative to Austrian request for evacuation of the Austrian Consul at Valencia in case of need.
691
Sept. 1 (0001) From the Consul at Bilbao (tel.)
Execution of instructions of August 31 to inform military authorities of characteristics of U. S. vessels operating in Spanish waters.
692
Sept. 1 (X–117) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Account of Diplomatic Corps meeting at which a joint appeal to “humanize” the conduct of war was discussed; opinion that meetings have little practical result.
692
Sept. 2 From the Vice Consul at Vigo (tel.)
Advice that all financially able Americans are leaving, but that the destitute cannot leave without assistance; belief that Americans in the district are safe at present, except members of Masonic Order.
693
Sept. 2 To the Consul at Valencia (tel.)
Authorization for evacuation of the Austrian Consul on an American naval vessel if local conditions warrant such action.
693
Sept. 3 To the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Instructions for further conversation with General Queipo de Llano, urging careful investigation of the Kane incident and identification of the plane.
694
Sept. 4 (X–122) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Foreign Office note (text printed) disclaiming any connection with the Kane incident.
695
Sept. 5 Memorandum by the Assistant Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs
Conversation with the Second Secretary of the Chilean Embassy, who presented a memorandum requesting the United States to join Chile in evacuating a Spanish family from Madrid; explanation of U. S. policy of rigid neutrality.
695
[Page LXXVII]1936 Sept. 5 (X–126) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Inquiry by Acting Austrian Chargé whether U. S. Embassy would undertake protection of Austrian nationals if he should leave Madrid; reasons for reluctance to do so.
696
Undated [Rec’d Sept. 6] From the Consul General at Barcelona (tel.)
Catalan publication of a decree (substance printed) prohibiting all holding of gold coins and ingots in Cataluna; intention to send a protest, reserving U. S. rights to make claims in event that gold belonging to U. S. citizens is requisitioned.
697
Sept. 6 From the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Conversation with General Queipo de Llano, stressing desirability of determining identity of plane which attacked the Kane.
697
Sept. 6 (X–128) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Rumors regarding the possible use of gas by insurgents in air raids on Madrid; Government’s publication of first aid measures to be adopted in such an eventuality.
698
Sept. 7 (X–129) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Minister of State’s call on the Acting Dean of the Diplomatic Corps, assuring protection of foreign missions and foreigners in Madrid and expressing desire that missions remain; list of missions having withdrawn.
698
Sept. 7 (109) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Reiteration of discretionary authority to close Embassy and Consulate, and to depart to a place of safety; inquiry with regard to gas masks, in view of possible attack.
699
Sept. 7 From the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Communication from General Franco (text printed) indicating that he has no information as to the identity of the plane which attacked the Kane.
700
Sept. 7 (96) From the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
British Ambassador’s receipt of a telegram from London indicating possibility of an insurgent gas attack on Madrid, and instructing him to confer with colleagues on wisdom of a joint warning to insurgent authorities of grave consequences of such actions. Request for instructions.
700
Sept. 8 (B–19) To the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Instructions not to join in appeal since the Department is considering an independent appeal to both factions against the use of gas on towns and cities.
701
Sept. 8 (X–132) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Inadvisability of sending gas masks; reasons for belief that possibility of gas attack on Madrid is remote.
701
Sept. 8 (B–20) To the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Authorization to inform colleagues, if considered advisable, of possible U. S. action as mentioned in telegram No. B–19, September 8.
702
[Page LXXVIII]1936 Sept. 9 (113) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Instructions to express to the Minister of State appreciation for investigation made in the Kane matter, but to request renewed investigation regarding identity of the plane.
(Similar instructions sent to Seville for representations to General Queipo de Llano.)
702
Sept. 9 (X–134) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Foreign Office reply (text printed) to an Embassy note regarding taking over of the General Motors plant in Barcelona.
703
Sept. 10 (49) From the Minister in Austria (tel.)
Foreign Office aide-mémoire (text printed) requesting that the U. S. Embassy in Madrid be authorized to take over the protection of Austrian citizens in Spain in case of need.
703
Sept. 10 From the Consul General at Barcelona (tel.)
Information in connection with the gold decree, and opinion that it is questionable if the United States can go far in protecting American interests incorporated under Spanish law with none or little stock registered in American names; request for guidance.
704
Sept. 10 To the Consul General at Barcelona (tel.)
Request for further information on the Catalan gold decree, and inquiry as to authority of the Catalan government to issue such a decree; instructions to defer protest.
705
Sept. 10 To the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (circ. tel.)
Announcement to the press (text printed) describing the evacuation of American nationals from Spain, summarizing present situation, and stating that the Navy Department has now ordered vessels used in evacuation to leave Spanish waters.
(Footnote: Sent also to Madrid and to all Consulates in Spain.)
705
Sept. 10 (X–137) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Assurances by the Minister of State relative to the protection of foreigners and the adequacy of food and water supplies for foreign missions; opinion, despite these assurances, that Madrid may soon be cut off from food supplies.
706
Sept. 10 (344) To the Chargé in France (tel.)
Advice that U. S. naval vessels will be withdrawn from Spanish waters and will remain in French ports, to be available for emergency calls from U. S. missions in Spain; instructions to inform French authorities.
708
Sept. 11 From the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Note from the provisional government at Burgos (text printed) denying involvement in the Kane incident. Queipo de Llano’s indication that the Madrid Government had planes of the type involved.
708
Sept. 11 (35) To the Minister in Austria (tel.)
Advice that U. S. Embassy at Madrid is authorized to extend its facilities to Austrians, but that no unconditional responsibility can be assumed in view of the critical situation.
(Repeated to Madrid.)
709
[Page LXXIX]1936 Sept. 12 (102) From the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Request from Consul at Bilbao for instructions relative to Governor’s order that foreigners may not leave for foreign destination without permission, and reply thereto (texts printed).
(Footnote: Information that U. S. Chancery was moved from Hendaye to St. Jean de Luz on September 10.)
710
Sept. 12 (103) From the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Advice that insurgent authorities at Burgos have issued instructions to military authorities in Vigo prohibiting all code messages, and that U. S. Vice Consul’s protest is unavailing.
710
Sept. 12 (X–140) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Ministry of State’s permission that Embassy may use its radio equipment if other communication facilities should fail.
711
Sept. 12 To the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (circ. tel.)
Procedure to be followed in evacuating American nationals still in Spain; desire not to order U. S. naval vessels to Spanish ports except when there are groups sufficiently large to warrant it.
(Footnote: Sent also to Madrid Embassy and all Consulates in Spain except Madrid.)
711
Sept. 12 From the Consul General at Barcelona (tel.)
Request for approval to decline compliance with requests of departed Americans to take custody of their accounts in local banks.
(Footnote: Approval of proposed action.)
712
Sept. 12 (123) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Instructions to protest against enforcement by Catalan government of a decree concerning credit transactions on grounds that such arbitrary interference would be tantamount to Spanish control and virtual confiscation of American property.
(Footnote: Similar instructions to Consul at Barcelona.)
712
Sept. 13 (X–144) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Considerations in favor of discontinuing the use of U. S. Embassy as place of refuge; intention to request, if Department authorizes such action, that U. S. S. Quincy proceed to Alicante to give American nationals final opportunity for evacuation. Request for instructions.
713
Sept. 13 (0013) From the Consul at Bilbao (tel.)
Broadcast from insurgent headquarters that mines will be laid in the ports of Bilbao and Santander; request for immediate instructions regarding evacuation on U. S. S. Kane.
(Footnote: Instructions to close office and to depart on the Kane for France.)
715
Sept. 14 (106) From the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Advice that Madrid Government has taken a stand asking that foreign missions return to Madrid; considerations regarding situation.
715
[Page LXXX]1936 Sept. 14 (125) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Instructions, in view of considerations set forth in telegram No. X–144, September 13, to offer Americans in Madrid a few more days to determine whether they wish to leave on the Quincy, and to inform them that the Embassy will be closed as a place of refuge upon expiration of this period.
716
Sept. 14 (X–145) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Opinion that the Catalan government has no legal right to require delivery of gold, or to regulate extension of commercial credits, according to article 14 of the Spanish Constitution; note addressed to the Foreign Office in accordance with Department’s telegram No. 123, September 12.
716
Sept. 15 (128) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Advice that American-owned cotton at Barcelona and Tarragona is gradually being taken over by local authorities without compliance with terms of purchase; instructions to make representations at the Foreign Office.
717
Sept. 15 (150) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Advice that instructions in Department’s No. 125 of September 14 have been carried out, with September 22 as the date set for closing of the Embassy as place of refuge.
(Footnote: Authorization to draw on $300 Red Cross fund for evacuating of destitute Americans.)
718
Sept. 16 From the Consul General at Barcelona (tel.)
Observations on the Catalan decree pertaining to gold.
718
Sept. 16 (X–151) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Orders issued by the Under Secretary of State permitting foreign diplomatic and consular officers to use any language desired over telephone; advice that this resulted from representations following orders by Catalan authorities that only Spanish or French be used.
719
Sept. 17 (X–152) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Inference that the Spanish Government may support Catalan gold and credit decrees, possibly extending their provisions to the entire country under its authority.
720
Sept. 17 (52) From the Minister in Austria (tel.)
Austrian desire that U. S. Chargé in Madrid continue to do what he can for Austrian nationals in Spain.
720
Sept. 17 (B–25) To the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Belief that return to Madrid at this time would not be desirable.
720
Sept. 18 From the Consul at Malaga (tel.)
Explanation of situation leading to request for an American warship; evacuation of four Americans by the Hatfield, leaving 18 in Malaga; expectation of an attack on city.
721
Sept. 18 To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (circ. tel.)
Contribution of $10,000 by the American Red Cross to the International Committee of the Red Cross which, after consultation both with the Madrid Government and the Junta at Burgos, will establish delegations at Madrid and Barcelona, and at Burgos and Seville.
721
[Page LXXXI]1936 Sept. 19 To the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (circ. tel.)
Advice that Consulates at Bilbao and Malaga have been closed, and that Consuls and American staff members were evacuated.
(Footnote: Information as to circulation of this telegram.)
722
Sept. 19 (113) From the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Diplomatic Corps decision to ignore Government’s suggestion to return to Madrid.
722
Sept. 19 From the Consul General at Barcelona (tel.)
Description of worsening situation in the city.
723
Sept. 22 (134) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Desire that serious consideration be given to desirability of closing the Madrid Embassy and Consulate and departing to a place of safety with all American staff members and any other Americans wishing to leave.
724
Sept. 22 (X–166) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Advice that note along the lines of Department’s No. 128, September 15, is being addressed to the Foreign Office; doubt as to whether Madrid Government is in a position to establish dollar credits in New York covering imports of cotton into Spain.
725
Sept. 23 (X–168) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Advice that Embassy is closed as a place of refuge, and that staff members are living at home; official advice of Government decision that all guards assigned to foreign missions and consulates be maintained.
726
Sept. 24 (135) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Instructions to withdraw from Madrid at once, unless some imperative duty compels remaining.
726
Sept. 24 From the Consul General at Barcelona (tel.)
Requisition of the bank account of an American company by the local government; intention to lodge a protest.
726
Sept. 25 (X–174) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Considerations justifying remaining in Madrid until such time as insurgent threat to capital becomes definite and acute, and then to leave the country, if possible, in conjunction with British and French.
727
Sept. 26 From the Consul General at Barcelona (tel.)
Official assurance that, although cotton now in Barcelona could only be paid for in pesetas, future orders would be accompanied by dollars deposited in New York.
728
Sept. 26 To the Consul General at Barcelona (tel.)
List of points to be included in protest against requisition of the bank account of an American company.
729
Sept. 29 (140) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Instructions that Embassy premises be closed in case of withdrawal, and that the Spanish senior employee act as custodian; other details relative to withdrawal.
730
[Page LXXXII]1936 Oct. 3 To the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Interception by the Kane of a radio message asserting insurgent intent to bomb certain ports without previous warning; instructions to check report orally and informally with insurgent commander in Seville and, if true, to indicate assumption that sufficient advance notice will be given to enable American officials and nationals to evacuate.
731
Oct. 4 From the Consul General at Barcelona (tel.)
Information that no reply has been received to representations made in accordance with Department’s instructions of September 26; further developments in respect to payments of checks.
731
Oct. 5 From the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Conversation with General Queipo de Llano, who confirmed radio message concerning bombardment, and said that advance notification is being given to foreign vessels and civil population of ports to be bombarded.
732
Oct. 6 To the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Instructions to inform Queipo de Llano of U. S. desire for assurances from General Franco that sufficiently definite advance notice of proposed bombardments be given.
732
Oct. 8 From the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Conversation with Queipo de Llano, who informed Franco of Department’s request and said that he would communicate reply as soon as received.
733
Oct. 8 To the Consul General at Barcelona (tel.)
Unwillingness to give general authority to evacuate Spanish employees of the Consulate General, but willingness to consider individual cases involving unusual circumstances.
733
Oct. 8 From the Consul General at Barcelona (tel.)
Advice that central labor organizations are commandeering all cotton in Cataluna without respect to ownership; intended representations to the Councilor of Economy.
734
Oct. 9 From the Consul General at Barcelona (tel.)
Councilor’s surprise at news of proposed cotton seizure; his intention to lay matter before the Council.
734
Oct. 10 To the Consul General at Barcelona (tel.)
Approval of Consul General’s action.
735
Oct. 10 From the Consul General at Barcelona (tel.)
Official assurance that Catalan government would guarantee payment of all cotton requisitioned.
735
Oct. 12 (156) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Instructions to bring the case of Patriarca, a native-born American citizen captured while serving as an aviator with the Spanish insurgent forces, to the attention of the Prime Minister, and to request assurances that Patriarca will not be executed.
735
Oct. 13 (X–210) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Official assurance that Patriarca will not be executed, and that his deportation will be sought.
736
[Page LXXXIII]1936 Oct. 13 (X–211) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Government’s concern over actions of certain diplomatic missions in Madrid, particularly the Chilean, in giving asylum to numerous Spaniards hostile to the regime; replacement of guards at Chilean Embassy.
737
Oct. 14 (159) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Instructions not to participate in representations the Chilean Ambassador may make.
738
Oct. 15 (X–217) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Note verbale from Foreign Office with copy of official reports on Government air activities on August 30, showing no operations in the area where the Kane was attacked.
739
Oct. 17 From the Consul General at Lisbon (tel.)
From Stewart, Vigo: Report on three cases involving American citizens held by the authorities for alleged offenses.
739
Oct. 17 (161) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Suggestion that, in view of threatening military situation, the officers of Embassy and Consulate take up residence in the Embassy.
740
Oct. 17 From the Consul General at Barcelona (tel.)
Receipt from Councilor of Economy of written undertaking to the effect that, pending: registry and control of cotton requisitions, the Catalan government assumes responsibility for American interests involved and payment of requisitions.
740
Oct. 18 From the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Substance of General Franco’s telegram relative to the bombing of ports, indicating that advance notice of bombardments is not possible, but that foreign property distinctly marked will be respected.
741
Oct. 18 (X–226 From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Substance of note from the Minister of State to the Chilean Ambassador on the question of asylum of Spanish citizens in foreign missions. Comment on merits of U. S. policy, affording refuge only to Americans.
741
Oct. 19 (162) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Approval of views on asylum.
743
Oct. 19 To the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Instructions to ask General Queipo de Llano for appropriate instructions to Vigo authorities to permit sending and receiving of cipher telegrams by the Consulate at Vigo, now prohibited by the military.
(Footnote: General Franco’s promise to arrange for freedom of communication with the Consulate at Vigo.)
743
Oct. 20 (229) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Explanation to the Foreign Minister of U. S. attitude toward the right of asylum; advice that he spoke of the acceptance in principle of coordinated action in the asylum matter by all Latin American countries.
744
[Page LXXXIV]1936 Oct. 21 (919) To the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier
Commendation for accurate interpretation of U. S. policy, in conversation with the British Vice Admiral at Tangier, with regard to protection of the American colony.
744
Oct. 21 (420) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Instructions for explanation of U. S. policy to an American woman, released from imprisonment in Madrid on a charge of espionage, who proposes to consult Embassy with regard to publishing articles and delivering lectures in France concerning her Spanish experiences.
745
Oct. 22 (233) From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.)
Argentine protest to the Madrid Government against its position on asylum as violating a right recognized and upheld by Latin America; indication that no Latin American joint action will be taken in the matter.
745
Oct. 22 (25) To the Minister in Portugal (tel.)
For Consul George M. Graves, Vigo: Instructions to submit a report on several persons arrested in the Vigo district, in order that U. S. officials can obtain a fair trial for those who have valid claim to American citizenship.
746
Oct. 23 (X–239) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Indications that Embassy will again be opened as a place of refuge, in view of the serious situation.
747
Oct. 25 (X–247) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Incorrectness of press reports that Embassy is open as a place of refuge; report on steps taken to safeguard Americans.
747
Oct. 28 (B–55) To the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Belief that no action is required on behalf of three American correspondents, quoted as being “guests of the rebel command”; comment on informal procedure for contact with insurgent authorities in order to avoid interpretation of formal relations with Franco.
748
Oct. 29 (X–263) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Discussion by the Diplomatic Corps of the question of asylum to Spaniards, with the U. S., British, and Soviet representatives indicating that they wished to be excepted from any communications with the Spanish Government on the matter.
749
Oct. 30 From the Consul General at Barcelona (tel.)
Incidents involving threats to the safety of certain members of the Consular Corps resulting from their efforts to protect property of their nationals. Views as to the care which must be exercised in Consulate General’s efforts to protect American property interests.
750
Oct. 30 (180) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Instructions to inform Foreign Office that if payment for cotton taken over in Barcelona by the Industrial Cotton Committee is not received by the American shippers, the U. S. Government will be looking to the Government of Spain for payment in full of all cotton taken over.
750
[Page LXXXV]1936 Oct. 30 (X–266) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Decree by the Ministry of War making all male Spaniards between the ages of 20 and 45 liable for military service; note verbale sent to the Ministry of State requesting that Spanish employees of Embassy and Consulate be exempted.
751
Nov. 4 To the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Desire that General Franco be urged through General Queipo de Llano not to allow death penalty against Francisco Lamas Zarauza, an American citizen tried in court martial proceedings at Ferrol; advice of similar instructions to Vigo.
751
Nov. 6 To the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Communication from Vigo that death sentence has been passed, and that only General Franco can prevent execution; instructions to bring urgency of case to Queipo de Llano’s attention.
752
Nov. 6 (X–285) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Advice that Patriarca was turned over to the Embassy upon representations to the Minister of State.
(Information that Patriarca was evacuated November 27.)
752
Nov. 7 (58) From the Minister in Portugal (tel.)
Message from Consul at Vigo (text printed) stating that the Filipino Celaya will be tried by court martial on November 11, that either death sentence or life imprisonment will be requested and that Consul plans to be present at trial.
753
Nov. 7 (X–290) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Presence in Embassy of a considerable number of American nationals and Embassy employees, and estimate that possibly 150 persons may seek refuge there.
753
Nov. 7 (X–284) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Representations leading to official countermanding of an order to relieve present guards of American Embassy.
753
Nov. 7 (X–292) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Government’s decision to transfer the capital of the Republic to Valencia; intention of diplomatic representatives except the Soviet Ambassador, who was not present at Diplomatic Corps meeting, to remain in Madrid.
754
Nov. 9 (X–297) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Proclamation of safety zone for city bombardment by insurgents; advice that American flags are prominently displayed on Embassy grounds, and that no danger is apprehended at present.
754
Nov. 9 (37) To the Minister in Portugal (tel.)
For Graves at Vigo: Instructions for the Celaya case to be brought to General Franco’s attention.
755
Nov. 10 (X–301) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Supreme Court President’s request that Diplomatic Corps cooperate in the maintenance of order. Corps’ decision to urge Franco to cease aerial bombardment of Madrid, and to limit bombardment to fortified positions; and also to request Madrid Governor to guarantee safety of political prisoners.
755
[Page LXXXVI]1936 Nov. 11 (X–303) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Circumstances leading to the release of Eduardo Ordonez, charged with complicity in Fascist intrigues against the Government; belief that no American nationals are now under arrest in Madrid.
756
Nov. 13 (62) From the Minister in Portugal (tel.)
From Graves at Vigo: Advice that Celaya was sentenced to 20 years in prison, and suggestion that question of mitigation of sentence can be taken up whenever the Department considers the time opportune.
(Footnote: Information that death sentence of Francisco Lamas Zarauza was commuted to life imprisonment.)
757
Nov. 13 (X–309) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Offer by Diplomatic Corps delegation to cooperate fully with the military governor in undertakings for the safety of Madrid population; favorable press comments on Corps’ action.
758
Nov. 13 (41) To the Minister in Portugal (tel.)
For Graves, Vigo: Concurrence in suggestion for later appeal for mitigation of Celaya’s sentence and his ultimate release; request for a full report of the trial and an affidavit by Celaya stating his version of occurrences leading to his arrest.
758
Nov. 13 (X–311) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Contemplation by British Chargé of asking his Government to request insurgent authorities to extend Madrid safety zone to include the area where several diplomatic missions are located.
759
Nov. 14 (191) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Instructions to keep Department informed of any British action relative to safety zone.
759
Nov. 15 (194) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Telegram from Legation in Guatemala (text printed) indicating that Foreign Office desires U. S. protection of Guatemalan interests in Spain and assistance to the Guatemalan Chargé in Madrid to leave the country; instructions relative thereto.
759
Nov. 16 To the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Instructions to inquire of General Queipo de Llano as to the authenticity of a message received by the Legation at Lisbon warning that Barcelona may be bombed without notice; advice that the message received by Lisbon is being repeated to Consul General at Barcelona and to Navy Department.
760
Nov. 17 (X–317) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Offer of refuge to Guatemalan Chargé in case his life is endangered; inadvisability, however, of taking charge of Guatemalan interests.
760
Nov. 17 (X–319) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Understanding that an informal request to the Burgos government for extension of Madrid safety zone will be made by the British Ambassador.
762
Nov. 18 (196) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Concurrence in opinion as to inadvisability of taking charge of Guatemalan interests, although shelter may be given to Chargé” and to such other Guatemalans as facilities permit.
762
[Page LXXXVII]1936 Nov. 18 (X–323) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Diplomatic Corps resolution providing that each head of mission draw his Government’s attention to the Spanish situation with a view to moving the League of Nations or other appropriate international organizations to take action for ending or mitigating the slaughter of the civilian population.
763
Nov. 19 To the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Instructions to request General Queipo de Llano to inform General Franco of U. S. association with the British request to extend the Madrid safety zone sufficiently far west to include certain nearby Embassies and Legations.
763
Nov. 19 From the Consul at Seville (tel.)
National Government’s intention to stop all traffic with the port of Barcelona by all military measures, even destruction if necessary, and recommendation that foreign vessels and nationals depart at once.
764
Nov. 19 (X–326) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Note from Ministry of State at Valencia (text printed) indicating that no vessel may enter ports or territorial waters without prior authorization.
764
Nov. 19 (198) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Willingness to support steps aiming at cessation of bombardment of the Madrid civil population, and request for information regarding reaction of the several Governments to the resolution of the Diplomatic Corps.
765
Nov. 19 (X–328) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Radio information that the neutral zone in Madrid has been extended.
765
Nov. 19 (X–329) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Suggestion by Argentine Chargé that food and clothing for Madrid civilians be sent through an international organization; request for Department’s opinion.
766
Nov. 20 (B–69) To the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Telegrams sent to Madrid and Barcelona (texts printed) requesting immediate consideration of closing offices and evacuating staffs and American nationals. Request for recommendations.
766
Nov. 20 (X–331) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Serious position of German and Italian Embassies in view of their Governments’ recognition of the Franco government; message being forwarded, at request of the German Embassy, to the German Foreign Office (text printed) through U. S. Embassy at Berlin.
767
Nov. 20 From the Consul General at Barcelona (tel.)
Notice sent to Americans (text printed) indicating that those U. S. citizens remaining in Barcelona do so at their own risk, and that the Consulate General may be closed without notice.
768
Nov. 20 (X–332) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Advice that the Chilean Ambassador is representing Guatemalan interests, and that Embassy’s good offices, if requested, will be used only on behalf of Guatemalan nationals or in support of representations to authorities to respect Legation.
768
[Page LXXXVIII]1936 Nov. 21 (164) From the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Opinion that closing of Madrid Embassy and Consulate at Barcelona in the wake of German and Italian actions might be misinterpreted to the serious disadvantage of United States.
769
Nov. 21 (165) From the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Actions by the British and French Ambassadors, requesting Franco to confine bombing of Madrid to military purposes, and to spare the noncombatant population.
769
Nov. 22 (X–334) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Résumé of situation, and belief that evacuation should be put off a few days longer until outcome of expected insurgent attack is clear.
770
Nov. 22 (X–336) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Advice from the Minister of State at Valencia that he will provide automobiles for the evacuation of American nationals desiring to leave Madrid; arrangements for closing of Embassy.
772
Nov. 23 To President Roosevelt (circ. tel.)
Advice of instructions sent to Wendelin in Madrid to proceed to Valencia with all Americans willing to leave Spain, and to remain with his staff at Valencia, after placing U. S. nationals aboard an American naval vessel.
(Footnote: Information on circulation of this telegram.)
773
Nov. 23 (346) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Delivery to Foreign Office of message quoted in Madrid’s No. X–331 of November 20; informal explanation by Foreign Office official of the German position toward the Madrid Government, and expression of hoped-for U. S. aid, on a purely humanitarian basis, to certain Germans and Spaniards now without protection.
773
Nov. 24 (X–341) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Report on evacuation arrangements, and request that the Hatfield stand by at Valencia, in view of slight delay in leaving Madrid. Desire to put on record that every staff member is willing to continue on duty in Madrid.
774
Nov. 24 (X–346) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Indications that about 30 American nationals will decide to leave with staff; efforts to contact all remaining Americans outside of Embassy. Request of written assurances from authorities that Embassy and Consulate guards will not be removed or replaced.
775
Nov. 24 (X–347) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Expectation of early arrival of vehicles from Valencia for transportation of evacuees; explanation to the Minister of State that move to Valencia is actuated solely by U. S. concern for the safety of its nationals and is not influenced by political considerations.
776
Nov. 24 (X–349) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Assurance by Madrid Military Governor that every facility would be given for evacuation and for protection of the Embassy. Estimate that upward of 50 persons may decide to accompany staff to Valencia.
776
[Page LXXXIX]1936 Nov. 25 (X–351) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Increase in number of persons wishing to leave, causing slight delay in departure; receipt of safe conducts from military authorities.
777
Nov. 26 (X–354) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Account of the taking over of the Italian and German Embassies by the Government. Problems connected with departure, particularly with regard to protection of Embassy.
777
Nov. 26 (X–358) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Departure of first party of evacuees at 7:15 a.m.
(Footnote: Later telegram from Wendelin saying that he was leaving early in the afternoon.)
779
Nov. 27 (69) From the Minister in Portugal (tel.)
Receipt of note from the Burgos representative at Lisbon, designating neutral zones in ports of Tarragona, Valencia, Alicante, Cartagena, and Barcelona.
779
Nov. 29 (363) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Information concerning persons remaining in the Madrid Embassy, and U. S. nationals living outside. Advice that daily contact is being maintained with the Embassy at Madrid by telephone.
779
Dec. 2 From the Consul General at Barcelona (tel.)
Announcement by Catalan Council of Economy of forthcoming regulations for collectivization of businesses containing foreign interests.
780
Dec. 3 To the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Message (text printed) received by Legation at Lisbon from insurgent representative, warning against immediate aerial attacks on presumed enemy vessels in a specified zone, and indicating that ports in this zone will be mined; instructions to make representations against planned attacks, indicating that U. S. vessels will be in or adjacent to that zone.
780
Dec. 5 From the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Queipo de Llano’s promise to inform General Franco of Department’s protest.
781
Dec. 8 (X–379) From the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Suggestion that in view of public hostility directed against foreign missions in Madrid giving asylum to Spaniards believed to be enemies of the regime, it might be advisable to make public a statement that in accordance with U. S. noninterference policy, no Spaniards have been given asylum in U. S. Embassy.
(Footnote: Information that Department considered inadvisable any public statement regarding American policy on asylum.)
781
Dec. 11 (74) From the Minister in Portugal (tel.)
Insurgent announcement that vessels navigating at night without lights in Spanish waters will be considered enemy vessels.
782
Dec. 11 (216) To the Third Secretary of Embassy in Spain (tel.)
Authorization to withdraw to a safe place, if expected insurgent invasion of Mediterranean coast endangers American nationals and staff in Valencia.
782
[Page XC]1936 Dec. 12 From the Consul General at Barcelona (tel.)
Nonattendance at a meeting of the Consular Corps with the Councilor of Economy at which the Corps welcomed a suggestion to set up a free international zone in the port of Barcelona.
783
Dec. 16 (75) From the Minister in Portugal (tel.)
Receipt of a note from Spanish insurgent representative indicating that nine Spanish ports will be mined and fixing midnight December 20 for the departure of merchant vessels. Modification of previous Barcelona safety zone.
783
Dec. 17 To the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Inquiry as to any possible means of getting information from insurgents to the Department more quickly than through Lisbon.
783
Dec. 21 From the Consul at Seville (tel.)
Suggestion as to possibility of getting notices directly from military headquarters at Salamanca.
784
Dec. 21 (B–94) To the Ambassador in Spain, Then in France (tel.)
Information concerning schedule of U. S. vessels in Mediterranean waters; desire not to send any vessels into Spanish north coast ports until degree of mining has been determined.
784

Negotiations Respecting a Trade Agreement Between the United States and Spain

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Dec. 31 (78) To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Instructions to telegraph significant provisions of Spanish exchange agreement with France, and provisions of a reported unpublished exchange of notes.
785
1936 Jan. 2 (1) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Information as requested, and advice that a British commission is negotiating a clearing agreement; difficulty in commenting on the probable effect of the British and French agreements on U. S. interests because of nonreceipt of complete text of U. S. proposed treaty.
785
Jan. 4 (1) To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Quotation from U. S. proposed agreement, and information that text of general provisions and schedules was sent on December 27.
786
Jan. 4 (2) To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Concern over Spain’s exchange commitments to France and offer of a clearing agreement to Great Britain; request for latest figures on Spain’s invisible balance of payments with the world.
787
Jan. 8 (2) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Opinion that provisions of the Anglo-Spanish payments agreement, signed January 6, and the Franco-Spanish financial agreements may limit available dollar exchange to amount of Spanish exports to the United States until French and British arrears have been liquidated; information on Spanish invisible balance of payments.
788
[Page XCI]1936 Jan. 20 (4) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Résumé of events leading to the opinion that signing without undue delay of a commercial agreement with Spain would be to U. S. advantage.
789
Jan. 22 (4) To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Concurrence in view that conclusion of a trade agreement with Spain would be advantageous, but belief that it would be unwise to hasten signing until Spain’s ability and intention to pay for U. S. exports is clarified.
789
Jan. 29 (8) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Information that 1936 contingents on certain American products are conditioned upon signature of commercial agreement.
790
Jan. 29 (1030) From the Ambassador in Spain
Substance of Foreign Office note which argues that the giving of exchange insurance only to countries with whom Spain has a favorable trade balance does not constitute discrimination against United States.
791
Mar. 25 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Résumé of a conversation with the Spanish Ambassador with regard to the pending trade negotiations.
791
Apr. 6 (1096) From the Ambassador in Spain
Conversation with the Prime Minister, who showed sympathetic understanding for U. S. position regarding the treaty, and said he desired to solve the deferred exchange problem.
792
May 5 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Trade Agreements
Résumé of a conversation with the Spanish Ambassador, who said he would inquire as to his Government’s views on allocation of exchange for U. S. exports to Spain and on present blocked balances.
793
May 11 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Spanish Ambassador’s presentation of trade statistics, and his plea that the trade situation would be seriously disrupted if the United States should terminate the U. S.-Spanish modus vivendi; his reply to inquiry as to Spanish plans concerning devaluation.
794
(Note: Information that no further discussions regarding a trade agreement took place before the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in July 1936.) 795

SWITZERLAND

Reciprocal Trade Agreement Between the United States and Switzerland, Signed January 9, 1936

Date and number Subject Page
1936 (Note: Citation to text of agreement, and information regarding a supplementary agreement effected by an exchange of notes in July 1936.) 796
Jan. 9 From the Swiss Minister
Clarification of agreement provisions pertaining to the importation into Switzerland of lard, trucks and truck chassis; request for confirmation of receipt of note.
796
[Page XCII]1936 Jan. 9 To the Swiss Minister
Acknowledgment of receipt of note of January 9.
797
Jan. 9 To the Swiss Minister
Explanation of laws referred to in article II of the trade agreement.
797
Jan. 9 From the Swiss Minister
Acknowledgment of receipt of U. S. note of January 9 relative to the laws referred to in article II.
797

Consideration of Possible Invocation by the United States of Escape Clause in the Reciprocal Trade Agreement, Following the Devaluation of the Swiss Franc

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Oct. 2 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Swiss Minister’s inquiry as to possible U. S. invocation of the escape clause in the U.S.-Swiss trade agreement in view of recent devaluation of the Swiss franc; suggestion to him that the Swiss Government might consider an announcement similar to that made by Belgium upon devaluation, that it would not permit undue exportations of commodities at unduly low prices.
798
Oct. 6 Memorandum by Mr. Theodore C. Achilles of the Division of Western European Affairs, of a Conversation Between the Assistant Secretary of State and the Swiss Minister
Swiss Minister’s request for further assurances that the escape clause would not be invoked, with explanation of ways in which the Swiss situation differed from the Belgian; assurance to the Minister of U. S. nonintention to take action at present.
799
Oct. 7 (70) To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.)
Résumé of conversations with the Swiss Minister; instructions to emphasize to Swiss officials the importance which U. S. Government attaches to the restoration of international trade, and to insist on a fair share of advantages resulting from any relaxation of Swiss import restrictions.
800
Oct. 13 (4624) From the Minister in Switzerland
Conversation with Stucki, Delegate of the Swiss Federal Council for Foreign Trade, who explained reasons for devaluation of the franc, and expressed hope of proving Swiss appreciation of trade with the United States by application of liberalized measures.
800
Dec. 2 (91) From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.)
For Williamson: Fear that invocation of the escape clause would have far-reaching consequences, and request for authorization to negotiate a voluntary agreement, if Department considers immediate action indispensable.
801
Dec. 2 (83) To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.)
Advice that Department is most unwilling to invoke escape clause and does not contemplate doing so at this time.
802
Dec. 3 (4708) From the Minister in Switzerland
Discussion of political considerations in connection with increased exports from Switzerland of watches and watch movements; opinion that it is of real importance politically that United States avoid use of the escape clause if at all possible.
802
[Page XCIII]

Informal Representations Respecting Swiss Measures for the Control of Imports in Alleged Volition of the Reciprocal Trade Agreement

Date and number Subject Page
1936 May 29 (46) To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.)
Instructions to collect facts tending to show that a new and special tax has been placed on American lard, and to report whether the tax is in violation of article I of the trade agreement.
804
June 9 (51) From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.)
Information as requested, and opinion that it is a question of argument whether Switzerland has technically violated article I. Consul General’s observation that despite higher prices for imported lard, importers have no difficulty in selling all they are allowed to import.
804
July 25 (3640) To the Chargé in Switzerland
Reference to a regulation of the Swiss customs service, issued February 1, imposing a stamp tax on payments of duties on practically all imported products; instructions to investigate the tax and to make representations if it is found to be in violation of article I of the trade agreement.
805
Aug. 7 (3660) To the Chargé in Switzerland
Department’s opinion that the Swiss system for the control of lard importations and the tax on lard are in violation of the trade agreement, but that it might be desirable to make no more than an informal protest at this time.
807
Aug. 14 (4528) From the Chargé in Switzerland
Representations relative to the stamp tax on payments of duties on practically all imported products, and information that discussion has been postponed pending return of certain officials to Bern.
809
Aug. 19 (4534) From the Chargé in Switzerland
Résumé of representations to Dr. Stucki concerning the stamp tax and the control of lard imports; Stucki’s promise to examine the situation.
810
Sept. 22 (4592) From the Minister in Switzerland
Dr. Stucki’s reply, September 19 (text printed), to the representations on the stamp tax and lard controls, in which he defends the legality of the measures adopted and gives detailed explanations of the Swiss attitude.
812

YUGOSLAVIA

Consideration of Yugoslav Discriminatory Trade Practices and Proposals for a Trade Agreement With Yugoslavia

Date and number Subject Page
1935 Dec. 3 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Conversation with Yugoslav Minister Fotitch, who inquired as to U. S. attitude with regard to a possible trade agreement and was told that the time was not opportune at present for negotiations; suggestion, however, of an exchange of notes similar to one concluded with Czechoslovakia.
817
1936 July 6 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Fotitch’s attempt to explain recent Yugoslav embargo measures, calculated to affect American exports; Secretary’s remarks on the U. S. trade program as opposed to the bilateralism so prevalent in Europe.
818
[Page XCIV]1936 Sept. 12 (581) From the Minister in Yugoslavia
Conversations with Fotitch (in Yugoslavia for the summer), who is working energetically to induce his Government to abandon or at least modify the present system of import permits.
820
Sept. 15 (584) From the Minister in Yugoslavia
Résumé of a conversation with the Minister of Commerce, during which he gave assurance that there was no intentional discrimination against American goods.
821
Dec. 2 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Near Eastern Affairs
Résumé of a discussion with Fotitch with regard to the possibility of an agreement to set aside certain provisions of the Treaty of 1881 without denouncing that treaty. Suggestion that two possible alternatives be offered the Yugoslav Government—a draft agreement and a draft modus vivendi, to be communicated to the Minister with a covering note embodying a statement of U. S. trade policy.
822
Dec. 17 Memorandum by the Assistant Chief of the Division of Near Eastern Affairs
Delivery of Department’s note (infra) to the Yugoslav Minister; belief that he will present U. S. proposals, particularly the suggested modus vivendi, in a favorable light to his Government.
825
Dec. 17 To the Yugoslav Minister
Alternative proposals (texts printed), one a draft modus vivendi, and the other a draft agreement setting aside certain articles of the Treaty of 1881, accompanied by a draft exchange of notes (text printed).
825
Dec. 21 (42) From the Minister in Yugoslavia (tel.)
Assistant Foreign Minister’s proposal for an informal conversation concerning present Yugoslav import restrictions; request for information on status of negotiations in Washington.
830
Dec. 23 (17) To the Minister in Yugoslavia (tel.)
Information on proposal made to Fotitch on December 17; desirability that conversations be delayed until text of note and enclosures have been received at the Foreign Office, or until copies have been received by the Legation.
831

Liability of American Citizens Having Dual Nationality for Military Service When Visiting Yugoslavia

Date and number Subject Page
1936 Feb. 4 (136) To the Minister in Yugoslavia
Instructions to inquire whether the attitude of the Yugoslav Government has changed concerning the possibility of concluding a treaty regarding naturalized citizens and persons born with dual nationality, first proposed by the Department in 1931.
831
Apr. 9 (501) From the Minister in Yugoslavia
Favorable attitude of Foreign Office toward the naturalization treaty, but unfavorable attitude of the Ministry of War and Marine; Foreign Office intention to seek views of Yugoslav Minister Fotitch in Washington.
832
[Page XCV]1936 Apr. 23 (513) From the Minister in Yugoslavia
Foreign Office compliance with request that Yugoslav Consulates in the United States be instructed to inform American citizens of Yugoslav origin, planning to visit Yugoslavia, of the conditions under which they may visit Yugoslavia with immunity from military service.
833
Aug. 6 [561] From the Chargé in Yugoslavia
Comments on text of a new paragraph which Department plans to include in the Notice to Bearers of Passports, concerning conditions under which an American citizen of Yugoslav origin may visit Yugoslavia with immunity from Yugoslav military service.
834
Sept. 15 (585) From the Minister in Yugoslavia
Résumé of conversations with Fotitch, now in Yugoslavia, and Foreign Office officials, indicating their favorable attitude toward the naturalization treaty, but fear of opposition from the Ministry of War.
835
Dec. 17 (181) To the Minister in Yugoslavia
Revised version of the new paragraph (text printed) for incorporation in the Notice to Bearers of Passports.
835