793.94/5082: Telegram

The Acting Secretary of State to the Minister in Switzerland (Wilson), at Geneva

52. For the Secretary of State. Shanghai’s telegram April 21, 2 p.m., to Department and repeated to Geneva, and your 85 [86?], April 21, 4 p.m.

[Page 707]

1. Japanese Ambassador called on Under Secretary this morning77 and stated that Japan would not agree to paragraph 11, that she could not permit herself to be dictated to on the insistence of small powers. He said that Japan was of course willing to give consideration to the views of large powers. He said that the views of the Mixed Commission might not be unanimous and that, with provision for a majority decision, the less important powers might outvote the more important.

2. The Department feels that there would be no objection to the Mixed Commission assuming responsibility in regard to the time for the withdrawal of the Japanese troops if this responsibility is restricted to the question of withdrawal from the areas now occupied by Japanese in Chinese territory beyond the International Settlement and the extra-Settlement road areas. However, if this responsibility relates to the question of “complete” withdrawal of Japanese troops from Chinese soil at Shanghai, including the Settlement areas, that question would seem to be one in relation to which none of the powers could reasonably assume responsibility for making to another suggestions for action by the latter only. This, if it be so intended, would seem to be a new question. Would it not, therefore, seem wise that the scope of the responsibility which it is proposed should be assumed by the Mixed Commission be more exactly defined at Geneva before the question of a mandate for a Mixed Commission is put to the governments which would be represented on that Commission?

Perhaps this point is covered in paragraphs of the proposed resolution regarding which the Department has not yet been informed. We have only paragraphs 11 and 14.

3. In view of the above, Department is deferring communication to Johnson in relation to your 85 [86?], April 21, 4 p.m., pending further word from you.

  1. See memorandum by the Under Secretary of State, April 21, 1932, Foreign Relations, Japan, 1931–1941, vol. i, p. 215.