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Discovery made by United States, on motion by Mexico, relative to Indian population of California.

[Translation.]
No. 293.]

Mr. Acting Secretary: By direction of my Government, and in accordance with Article IV of the protocol of agreement between the Republic of Mexico and the United States of America for the settlement of certain questions raised in respect to the so-called Pious Fund of the Californias, signed on the 22d of May last, I have the honor to ask of the Department in your worthy charge a statement as to whether it is true that there are Indians who are not Christianized or who are still free from obedience to the authorities in the State of California.

I take pleasure on this occasion in renewing to you the assurances of my high consideration.

José F. Godoy.

Hon. Alvey A. Adee.

[Page 426]

[No. 17089.]

United States of America,
Department of State.

To all to whom these presents shall come, greeting:

I certify that the document hereunto annexed is under the seal of the Department of the Interior of the United States, and is entitled to full faith and credit.

In testimony whereof I, John Hay, Secretary of State of the United States, have hereunto subscribed my name and caused the seal of the Department of State to be affixed.


[seal.]
John Hay.

Refer in reply to the following: Land 50909—1902. Special.

The honorable the Secretary of the Interior.

Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt, by Department reference for immediate consideration and report, of a communication dated August 23, 1902, from the Secretary of State, setting forth that in accordance with Article IV of the protocol of agreement between the Republic of Mexico and the United States, for the settlement of certain questions raised in respect to the claim known as the Pious Fund of the Californias, signed on May 22, 1902, the Mexican Government has called upon the Department of State for a statement as to “whether it is true that there are Indians who are not Christianized or who are still free from obedience to the authorities of the State of California.”

The Secretary of State requests that such a statement be furnished to his Department for communication to the Mexican Government as speedily as possible, and that if the statement be made by the Commissioner of Indian Affairs his official character should be certified to under the seal of the Interior Department.

By the term “not Christianized” is understood by this office to mean those Indians of California and their descendants who were not brought under the charge of the Franciscan fathers at or near the missions from and after 1769, the date of the founding of the Mission of San Diego de Alcala, at Diego, by Father Junipero. These Indians are to this day designated as “Mission Indians,” though in an official sense that designation is now applied only to the descendants of the fission Indians living in Southern California.

The words Indians “who are still free from obedience to the authorities of the State of California” are presumed to mean Indians who are residing on Indian reservations within the exclusive jurisdiction of the United States.

[Page 427]

The Mission Indians are probably all “Christianized,” but with the exception of a few bands are occupying tribal reservations over which the State of California does not exercise jurisdiction. The bands not subject to State control are as follows:

San Manuel (P.).

Twenty-nine Palms (P.).

Eamona (P.).

Cahuilla.

Mesa Grande (P.).

Inaja (P.).

La Posta (P.).

Manzanita (P.).

Laguna (P.).

Campo (P.).

Cuyapipe (P.).

San Pasqual.

San Jacinto.

Aqua Caliente (P.).

Los Coyotes.

Torros.

Augustine (P.).

Santa Rosa.

Morongo.

Santa Ysabel (P.).

Cabezon (P.).

Tule River.

The reservations marked “P.” have been patented as “reservations” to the Indian bands or villages under the provisions of section 3 of the act of January 12, 1891. (26 Stats., 712.)

The Indians of the Hoopa Valley Reservation are not “Christianized” so far as this office is aware, and are still free from State control.

The Indians of the Round Valley Agency are not known to be “Christianized.” Having been given allotments of land in severalty, they are, by the act of February 8, 1887 (24Stats., 388), declared to be citizens of the United States and subject to all the laws of the State. They are therefore no longer free from obedience to the State authorities.

Since the foregoing was prepared this office received, by Department reference, a communication dated September 3, 1902, from the Acting Secretary of State, transmitting a copy of a cablegram dated September 2, 1902, from Mr. Ralston, agent and counsel of the United States in the matter of the arbitration of the Pious Fund claim, calling for information of the same character for the States of California, Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana, and Utah, as well as for the last three reports of this office. Mr. Ralston desires that the information reach him at The Hague by September 20, 1902.

The information respecting the State of California being hereinbefore given, the other States will be taken up in their order.

idaho.

Coeur d’Alene Reservation.— De Smet Mission (Roman Catholic) established under authority of act of March 3, 1891 (26 Stats., 1029). No statistics that Indians are Christianized.” Indians are not under jurisdiction of State.

Fort Hall Reservation.—No Roman Catholic missions established. Reservation to be allotted and surplus lands opened to settlement under agreement of March 3, 1891, ratified by the act of June 6, 1900 (31 Stats., 672), when the Indians will fall under the jurisdiction of the State.

Lapwai (Nez Pereés) Reservation.—Roman Catholic mission school established in 1860. No statistics as to “Christianizing” of Indians who are under jurisdiction of State.

Lemhi Reservation.—No Roman Catholic institutions established, Indians not under jurisdiction of State.

[Page 428]

montana.

Blackfeet Reservation.— Roman Catholic schools established in 1889 and 1894. No data as to Indians being “Christianized.” Indians are under exclusive jurisdiction of United States.

Crow Reservation.—Roman Catholic missions and schools established in 1886, 1888, 1890, 1891, 1894, and 1895. Not known if Indians are “Christianized.” When allotments now being made shall have been completed the Indians will become citizens and be subject to the laws of the State.

Fort Belknap Reservation.— Roman Catholic church and school established in 1887. No record as to Indians being “Christianized.” Indians not under control of State.

Port Peck Reservation.—Roman Catholic (Jesuit) mission and church established in 1900. No statistics as to “Christianization” of Indians, who are under exclusive jurisdiction of the United States.

Jocko (Flathead) Reservation.— St. Ignatius (Roman Catholic) mission established in 1854. No date as to “Christianization.” Indians not under jurisdiction of State.

The Indians of the Yuma reservation, California, may possibly be regardedas “Christianized,” inasmuch as a branch of the Roman Catholic Sisterhood for years had charge of the Indian school there. They are not subject to State control.

The communications from the Acting Secretary of State are herewith returned, with a copy of this report and copies of the annual reports of this office for the years 1899, 1900, and 1901. The annual report for 1902 has not as yet been submitted to the Department.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

W. A. Jones, Commissioner.
E. B. F. (G.)

I certify that W. A. Jones, who signed the forgoing communication, was, at the time of such signing, Commissioner of Indian Affairs.

[seal department of interior.]
E. A. Hitchcock,
Secretary.
[Endorsement.]

8114.]

Indian Office, September 8, 1902.

Reports on request of State Department relative to Indians of certain States who are not christianized or who are still free from State control.

4 incls.

F. M. W. (Copy).]

The Honorable the Secretary of State.

Sir: Referring to Department letter of 8th instant, transmitting a communication of the same date from the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, on the subject of Indians who are not “Christianized,” or who are still free from State control in California and certain other Western [Page 429]States, I have the honor to transmit herewith, as a supplemental statement, a letter from the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, dated the 9th instant, containing certain information which was inadvertently omitted from his report of yesterday.

In accordance with the desire of your Department I have certified to the official character of the Commissioner in the same manner as in yesterday’s letter.

Very respectfully,

E. A. Hitchcock,
Secretary.

8147, Ind. Div., 1902. 1 inclosure.

No. 17110.]

United States of America,
Department of State.

To all to whom these presents shall come, greeting:

I certify that the document hereunto annexed is under the seal of the Department of the Interior of the United States, and is entitled to full faith and credit.

In testimony whereof I, John Hay, Secretary of State of the United States, have hereunto, subscribed my name and caused the seal of the Department of State to be affixed.


[seal department of state.]
John Hay.

Refer in reply to the following: Land, 50909—1902. 52763—1902. Special.

The honorable the Secretary of the Interior.

Sir: Referring to office report of yesterday’s date, in response to the inquiry of the Department of State, as to whether there are any Indians m certain Western States who are not “Christianized,” or who are still free from obedience to the State authorities, I have the honor to state that the data respecting the States of Nevada, Oregon, Utah, and Washington were inadvertently omitted from said report.

The Indians who are still free from State control in Nevada are those of the Pyramid Lake, Walker River, and Western Shoshone reservations; in the State of Utah, those of the Uintah Reservation, and in the State of Washington the Indians of the Columbia and Spokan reservations, under the Colville Agency. The Indians of Oregon are all under the jurisdiction of that State.

This office has no definite information that the Indians of said States are or are not “Christianized.”

It is requested that this statement be transmitted to the Secretary of State to be regarded as supplemental to the statement contained in office report of the 8th instant.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

W. A. Jones, Commissioner.
[Page 430]
E. B. F.
F.

I certify that W. A. Jones, who signed the foregoing communication, was at the time of such signing Commissioner-of Indian Affairs.

[seal department of interior.]
E. A. Hitchcock,
Secretary.
[Endorsement.]

8147. Commr. Ind. Affrs., Sept. 9, 1902. Submits supplemental report rel. Inds. who are not Christianized or who are still free from State control in certain Western States. 1 incl.

Exhibit A.

exhibit with relation to catholic mission indian schools.

[Submitted by the agent of the United States.]

Reference to page 27 of the report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1901, shows the following Catholic mission Indian schools within the limits of the territory expressly conveyed to the United States by Mexico under the provisions of the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo:

State. School. Enrollment.
California Banning 139
Do San Diego 82
Do Kelseyville (St. Turibius) 13
234
New Mexico Bernalillo 79
Day schools.
Arizona San Xavier 100
Do St John’s Mission 83
183
California Pinole 16
Do Ukiah 11
Do Kelseyville (St. Turibius) 7
34
Catholic schools in additional territory, apparently originally claimed by Spain as part of California.
Idaho De Smet 93
Montana Blackfeet 78
Do Flathead 163
241
Oregon Kate Drexel’s 69
Washington Colville 66
Do Puyallup 85
Do Tulalip 93
244
Total enrollment 1,177

[Page 431]

Exhibit B.

Indians to be found in the States and Territories embraced within the limits of Upper California, indicated by the map attached to the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

State, name of agency, and tribe. Population. State, name of agency, and tribe. Population.
arizona. colorado.
Colorado River Agency: Southern Ute Agency:
Mohave on reserve 662 Capote, Moache, and Wiminuche Ute—
Mohave at Fort Mohave 1,200 Allotted 413
Chemehhevi 250 Unallotted 528
Mohave at Needles 300 941
Fort Apache Agency: nevada.
White Mountain Apaches 1,952 Nevada Agency, under school superintendent:
Under school superintendent: Paiute of Pyramid Lake Reservation. 656
Hopi Moqui 1,841 Under Carson school superintendent:
Navaho 1,837 Paiute of Walker River Reservation. 413
Navaho Agency: Western Shoshoni Agency, under school superintendent
Navahos on reserve 12,000 Paiute 223
Navahos off reserve 8,000 Shoshoni 223
Pima Agency: Not under an agent 3,701
Maricopa 350 5,216
Pima 4,400 new mexico.
Papago 1,300 Mescalero Agency, under school superintendent.
Papago, nomadic 2,100 Mescalero Apache 466
Papago at San Xavier 516 Jicarilla Agency:
Under industrial teacher: Jicarilla Apache 813
Havasupai 243 Under Albuquerque school superintendent:
Walapai 573 Pueblo at—
San Carlos Agency: Acoma 650
Apache 2,542 Santa Ana 228
Mohave 473 Zuni 1,541
Apache on San Pedro River 300 3,698
Apache near Mohawk, on Lower Gila River 300 utah.
41,139 Uinta and Ouray Agency:
california. Uinta Ute 457
Under farmer: Uncompahgre Ute 820
Digger 35 White River Ute 371
Hupa Valley Agency under school superintendent: Under day school-teacher at St. George:
Hupa 417 Kaibab 105
Lower Klamath 560 Shivwits 128
Mission-Tule River Agency: Kaibab at Cedar City 45
Mission 2,856 Paiute at Kanosh, Grass Valley, and Rabbit Valley 100
Tule River 146 2,026
Round Valley Agency under school superintendent: Total Indian population 68,397
Concow 164
Little Lake and Redwood 121
Nomelaki and Pit River 71
Wailaki and Yuki 281
Under school superintendent:
Yuma 655
Near Fort Bidwell School:
Paiute 200
Pit River 500
Not under an agent:
Wichumni, Kawai, Pit River, and others 9,371
15,377
[Page 432]

Exhibit C.

Indians contained within additional territory believed to have been formerly claimed by Spain as part of Upper California.

State, name of agency, and tribe. Population. State, name of agency, and tribe. Population.
idaho. oregon.–continued.
Fort Hall, an agency: Warm Springs Agency, under school superintendent–Continued.
Bannock and Shoshoni 1,408 Warm Spring 391
Not under agent: Wasco and Tenino 316
Band of Camas Jim, near Bliss, Idaho. 35 3,871
Lemhi Agency: washington.
Bannock 99 Colville Agency:
Sheepeater 98 Cœur d’Alène 474
Shoshoni 301 Columbia (Moses’s Band) 320
Nez Percé Agency: Colville 296
Nez Percé 1,567 Kalispel 150
3,508 Lake 307
montana. Lower Spokan 371
Blackfeet Agency: Nez Percé (Joseph’s Band) 126
Piegan 2,043 Okinagan 575
Flathead Agency: Sanpoil and Nespelim 400
Charlot’s Band of Flathead 157 Upper and Middle Spokan on Cœur d’Alène Reserve 98
Confederated Flathead, Pend d’Oreille, Kutenai 1,310 Upper and Middle Spokan on Spokan Reserve 184
Kutenai from Idaho 41 Neah Bay Agency
Lower Kalispel 53 Hoh 66
Spokan 77 Makah 369
3,681 Ozette 45
oregon. Quileute 234
Grande Ronde Agency, under school superintendent: Puyallup Agency, under school superintendent:
Clackamas 65 Chehalis 156
Cow Creeks 32 Georgetown 115
Lakmuit 30 Humptulip 19
Marys River 45 Quaitso 59
Rogue River 53 Quinaielt 131
Santiam 27 Nisqualli 107
Umpqua. 86 Puyallup 536
Wapeto 20 Sklallam, at Jamestown 235
Yamhill 34 Sklallam, at Port Gamble 82
Klamath Agency: Skokomish 165
Klamath 740 Squaxon 118
Modoc 226 Tulip Agency, under school superintendent:
Paiute. 107 Tulip Agency, under school superintendent:
Pit River 82 Lummi 340
Siletz Agency, under school superintendent: Muckleshoot 148
Chetco, Joshua, Klamath, Mikonotuni, Rogue River, Sixes, Yuchi 456 Port Madison 150
Umatilla Agency: Crow 6
Cayuse 374 Swinomish 313
Umatilla 184 Tulalip 488
Walla Walla 525 Yakima Agency:
Warm Springs Agency, under school superintendent: Yakima 2,311
Paiute 78 Not under an agent:
Nooksak 200
Wenatchi, near Wenatchi River 166
9,860
Total 20,920