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Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969–1976, Volume X, Vietnam, January 1973–July 1975


Index

References are to document numbers

  • Abramowitz, Morton I.:
  • Abzug, Bella S., 182
  • Adams, Al, 86
  • Agnew, Spiro T., 4, 5, 6, 7
  • Aiken, George, 144
  • Albert, Carl, 86, 168, 172
  • Aldrich, George, 49, 52, 55, 83, 102
  • American Council for Vietnam, 141
  • Anderson, Robert, 286, 287
  • Andrews, Bonnie D., 11, 13, 55, 83
  • Antiwar movement, 141
  • Ash, Roy L., 40, 163
  • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), 8
  • Baker, Howard, 232
  • Barnum, James:
  • Bartlett, Dewey F., 182
  • Bartley, O. Ammon, Jr., 134
  • Batchelder, Col. Sydney H., 216
  • Benton, Adm. Hugh, 233
  • Biden, Joseph R., Jr., 232
  • Bigley, Rear Adm. T.J., 131
  • Branfman, Fred, 120
  • Bremer, Jerry, 191
  • Brezhnev, Leonid, 38, 59, 79, 80, 153
  • Brown, Gen. George S.:
  • Brown, L. Dean:
  • Bruce, David K., 49, 60
  • Buchen, Philip W., 226, 295, 298
  • Bunker, Ellsworth, 7, 18, 28, 42, 46
  • Burton, Phil, 240
  • Bush, George H.W., 223, 227, 229, 287, 299
  • Butz, Earl, 40
  • Byrd, Robert C., 168, 295
  • Callaway, Howard H., 254
  • Cambodia (see also Mayaguez incident):
    • Ceasefire, 9, 13, 83
    • CIA personnel in, 36, 127
    • Congressional military restrictions:
      • JCS memoranda, 91
      • Kissinger-Schlesinger discussions, 87
      • National Security Council staff memoranda, 89, 99
      • Nixon-Kissinger discussions, 97, 101
      • State-Defense meetings, 86
      • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 92, 100
    • Covert operations, 127
    • Foreign forces withdrawal:
      • Nixon-Kissinger discussions, 22
      • Paris peace talks on, 59, 75, 76, 83
      • U.S.–DRV discussions, 15, 16
      • U.S.–RVN discussions, 60
      • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 9
    • International Conference on Vietnam and, 8
    • Military situation:
      • Dean memoranda, 178
      • National Intellligence Estimates, 174
      • National Security Council meetings, 196, 212
      • Regional Staff Meeting discussions, 126, 231
      • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 23, 100, 109, 131, 180
    • Paris Peace Accords and, 5
    • Political situation:
      • Bush memoranda, 229
      • CIA memoranda, 99, 106
      • Dean memoranda, 137
      • Ford-Congressional discussions, 183
      • Kissinger memoranda, 222
      • National Security Council staff memoranda, 89, 99, 132, 214
      • Nixon-Haig discussions, 37
      • Nixon-Kissinger discussions, 103
      • Regional Staff Meeting discussions, 231
      • U.S.-Cambodian discussions, 176, 220, 227
      • U.S.–DRV discussions, 15, 16, 17, 55
      • U.S.–RVN discussions, 38, 85, 108
      • U.S. settlement role, 173, 175, 176, 180
      • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 23, 36, 100, 109, 256
    • Psychological warfare, 98, 104
    • U.S. aid to:
      • Ash memoranda, 163
      • Clements memoranda, 160
      • Ford-Congressional discussions, 182, 183
      • Ford-Schlesinger discussions, 184
      • Ingersoll memoranda, 186
      • Interdepartmental discussions, 110
      • JCS memoranda, 91, 149
      • Kissinger memoranda, 143
      • National Security Council staff memoranda, 98, 104
      • Regional Staff Meeting discussions, 179
      • Schlesinger-Dean discussions, 142
      • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 92, 100, 102, 107, 109, 113, 116, 122, 156, 180
    • U.S. bombing:
      • JCS memoranda, 91
      • Kissinger-Schlesinger discussions, 95
      • Nixon-Kissinger discussions, 27, 97
      • U.S.–DRV discussions, 49, 55
      • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 36
    • U.S.–DRV discussions, 12, 13, 15, 53, 55, 59, 65
    • U.S. evacuation, 278
      • Cabinet meetings, 234
      • Dean memoranda, 186, 197, 200, 216, 221
      • Ford-Kissinger discussions, 211
      • Ford-Kissinger-Schlesinger discussions, 226
      • Ford-Schlesinger discussions, 184, 187
      • Kissinger memoranda, 215, 223, 225
      • Kissinger-Schlesinger discussions, 87
      • National Security Council meetings, 196
      • National Security Council staff memoranda, 213
      • Regional Staff Meeting discussions, 201, 224
      • State-Defense meetings, 86
      • U.S.-Cambodian discussions, 228
      • U.S.–PRC discussions, 227
      • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 100, 180, 202, 236
    • U.S.–RVN discussions, 60
  • Campbell, Richard P., 55
  • Canada, 38
  • Cao Van Vien, Gen., 36
  • Carver, George A., Jr.:
  • Cas Cos, 24
  • Case, Clifford P., 183, 232, 252
  • Ceasefire (see also International Commission for Control and Supervision; Paris Peace Accords; Paris Peace Accords ceasefire violations):
    • Cambodia, 9, 13, 83
    • Laos:
      • Godley reports, 10, 19, 20
      • Kissinger-Le Duc Tho correspondence, 21
      • U.S.–DRV discussions, 13, 14, 15, 16
      • U.S.–RVN discussions, 18
      • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 9
  • Cederberg, Elford Albin, 144, 252
  • Central Intelligence Agency (CIA):
    • Cambodia, 36, 99, 104, 106, 127
    • Congressional military restrictions, 89
    • DRV spring offensive (1975), 189
    • Laos, 26, 114
    • Psychological warfare, 93, 141
    • RVN political situation, 32
    • Spratly Islands, 122
  • Chang, Col. Harry, 142
  • Chan Sau, 220
  • Chapman, Gen. Leonard F., 245
  • Chappell, William, Jr., 182
  • Cheng Heng, 137
  • China, People’s Republic of:
  • Christison, William:
  • Church-Case Amendment, 85
  • Church, Frank, 181, 232
  • Civilian detainees. See Prisoners of war
  • Clark, Richard C., 232
  • Clements, William:
  • Colby, William, 119
  • Coleman, 274
  • Congress, U.S.:
  • Cooper, Adm. Damon W., 7
  • Cooper, Charles C., 122, 125
  • Cooper-Church Amendment, 36, 295
  • Covert operations, 114, 127, 147
  • Cronkite, Walter, 36
  • Crowe, Rear Adm. William, 254
  • Dang Van Quang, Lt. Gen., 52, 54
  • Dang Viet Chau, 94
  • Davis, Jeanne W., 8, 100, 102, 113, 132
  • Dean, John Gunter:
  • Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) (see also Joint Economic Commission; Paris peace talks (May–June 1973)):
  • De Poix, Vincent P., 128, 130
  • Derus, Irene G., 12, 49
  • Devine, James, 141
  • Dien Del, Brig. Gen., 106
  • Dinh Nho Liem, 12, 13
  • Disinformation/deception operations (see also Covert operations; Psychological warfare), 35, 115
  • Dobrynin, Anatoly F., 33, 246, 248, 258
  • Dong Nghiem Bai, 49, 55
  • Doolin, Dennis, 86
  • DRV spring offensive (1975) (see also RVN nationals, evacuation of; U.S. evacuation from South Vietnam):
    • Cabinet meetings, 234
    • Colby advisor proposal, 199
    • Ford-Congressional discussions, 232
    • Ford-Kissinger discussions, 194
    • Ford speech (April 10, 1975), 199, 200, 211, 212, 217
    • Ford-Thieu correspondence, 192, 193
    • Internal refugees and, 204, 212
    • Kissinger-State Department discussions, 191
    • Lehmann memoranda, 188, 194
    • Martin memoranda, 209, 233, 238
    • National Security Council discussions, 196, 212
    • National Security Council staff memoranda, 185, 199
    • Regional Staff Meeting discussions, 198, 201, 231, 265
    • RVN political situation and, 207, 209, 212, 230, 233, 244, 253, 255
    • Scowcroft memoranda, 189
    • Special National Intellligence Estimates, 195
    • U.S. military involvement proposals, 210
    • U.S.–RVN discussions, 190, 230, 244
    • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 202, 245, 266
    • Weyand report, 191, 199, 202, 208, 212
  • DuBois, Raymond F., Jr., 141
  • Dunn, Gen. John M., 7
  • Duong Van Minh, 7, 261, 266, 268, 276
  • Eagleburger, Lawrence:
    • Cambodia, 36, 92, 100, 102
    • DRV spring offensive (1975), 191, 201
    • Mayaguez incident, 292
    • Paris Peace Accords ceasefire violations, 2, 9, 23, 36, 42, 43
    • Paris peace talks (May–June 1973), 83
    • U.S. aid to RVN, 224
    • U.S. evacuation from South Vietnam, 206
  • Eagle Pull, Operation. See U.S. evacuation under Cambodia
  • Eagleton Amendment, 86, 87, 89, 97, 100
  • Eagleton, Thomas F., 86
  • Ellsworth, Robert:
  • Enders, Thomas, 92, 126, 198, 284
  • Engel, David A.:
    • Kissinger DRV visit, 11, 12, 13, 15
    • Kissinger-Le Duc Tho meeting (Dec. 1973), 120
    • Paris peace talks (May–June 1973), 49, 55
    • Sullivan RVN visit, 18
  • Fenwick, Millicent, 182
  • Fernandez, Maj. Gen. Sosthene, 2, 106, 109
  • Firyubin, Nikolay, 185
  • Fish, Maj. Gen. Howard M., 141, 142
  • Flynt, John J., Jr., 182
  • Fong, Hiram L., 100
  • Ford, Gerald:
  • Foreign Assistance Act, 146
  • Forman, Benjamin, 102
  • 40 Committee, 114, 141, 147
  • Four Party Joint Military Commission (FPJMC):
    • Kissinger-Le Duc Tho correspondence, 21, 112
    • Kissinger memoranda, 28
    • National Security Council staff memoranda, 90, 132
    • U.S.–DRV discussions, 12, 49
    • U.S.–RVN discussions, 18
    • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 23, 36
  • France, 8, 230, 231, 250, 272
  • Fraser, Donald M., 182
  • Frelinghuysen, Peter, 125
  • Frequent Wind, Operation. See U.S. evacuation from South Vietnam
  • Friedersdorf, Max, 181, 183
  • Fulbright, J. William, 2, 86, 100, 102, 124
  • Gauvin, Michel, 18
  • Gayler, Adm. Noel, 216, 233, 245, 277, 299
  • Glenn, John H., Jr., 232
  • Godley, G. McMurtrie:
  • Goldberg, Samuel, 171
  • Graham, Daniel O., 165
  • Granger, Col. Clinton:
    • Cambodian military situation, 180
    • DRV spring offensive (1975), 208, 245, 266
    • Mayaguez incident, 290
    • Refugee relocation, 264
    • U.S. evacuation from South Vietnam, 236, 243, 245, 249, 254, 256, 266
    • U.S. military aid to RVN, 164
  • Green, Marshall, 2, 9
  • Griffin, Robert P., 252
  • Guay, Col. Georges R., 21
  • Habib, Philip:
  • Hackett, James T., 2, 9, 23, 36, 42, 43
  • Haig, Brig. Gen. Alexander M.:
    • Cambodia, 36
    • Laos, 31, 33
    • Paris Peace Accords ceasefire violations, 23, 31, 33, 36, 37, 42, 43
    • Paris peace talks (May–June 1973), Nixon-Kissinger discussions, 84
  • Haldeman, H.R., 16
  • Hang Tung Hak, 36
  • Hanket, Brig. Gen. Arthur, 86
  • Hannah, John A., 40
  • Harlow, Bryce, 97
  • Hartmann, Robert, 212, 291, 295, 298, 301
  • Hays, Wayne, 144, 145
  • Heath, Edward, 97
  • Helms, Richard, 2, 4, 23
  • Hill, Robert C., 92, 100, 102, 107, 109, 113, 116
  • Hoang Duc Nha, 7, 68
  • Hoang Hoa, Col., 49, 55, 83, 120
  • Ho Chi Minh Campaign. See DRV spring offensive (1975)
  • Holdridge, John H.:
    • Cambodia, 23, 36, 227
    • International Conference on Vietnam, 4, 8
    • Laos, 26
    • Paris Peace Accords ceasefire violations, 2, 9, 23
  • Holloway, Adm. James L., 298
  • Hoppe, Louise, 26
  • Horgan, John P., 23
  • Huang Chen, 286
  • Hummel, Arthur:
  • Humphrey, Hubert, 125, 183
  • Hungary, 36, 38
  • Hu Nimm, 301
  • Hyland, William G.:
  • Ingersoll, Robert Stephen:
  • Inouye, Daniel, 125
  • In Tam, 38, 89, 137
  • Interagency Intelligence Memoranda:
    • DCI/NIO 25–75, 157
    • DCI/NIO 2423, 152
  • International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) (World Bank), 108
  • International Commission for Control and Supervision (ICCS):
    • Bunker memoranda, 46
    • International Conference on Vietnam and, 8
    • Kissinger-Le Duc Tho correspondence, 112
    • Kissinger memoranda, 28, 76
    • National Security Council staff memoranda, 90, 132
    • Nixon-Thieu correspondence, 75
    • U.S.–DRV discussions, 12, 59, 120
    • U.S. economic aid to Poland and Hungary and, 36
    • U.S.–RVN discussions, 18, 38
    • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 2
  • International Conference on Vietnam:
    • National Security Council staff memoranda, 8
    • National Security Decision Memoranda, 4, 8
    • Overview, 25
    • Paris Peace Accords ceasefire violations and, 23
    • U.S.–DRV discussions, 12
    • U.S.–RVN discussions, 3
    • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 2, 23
  • Isham, Hayward, 52, 54
  • Javits, Jacob K., 232, 233, 240
  • Johnson, U. Alexis, 2, 292
  • Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS):
    • Cambodia, 91, 149
    • Vietnam War analysis, 282
  • Joint Economic Commission (JEC):
    • National Security Council staff memoranda, 90
    • Paris peace talks on, 55, 59, 76, 83
    • U.S.–DRV discussions, 12, 17, 49, 55, 120
    • U.S. meeting suspension, 43, 44, 49
    • Williams memoranda, 94
  • Joint Military Commission. See Four Party Joint Military Commission
  • Jones, Gen. David C., 285, 291, 295, 298, 301
  • Jordan, Amos, 142, 236, 243, 245, 264
  • Kalb, Marvin, 158
  • Kay, Emmet, 132
  • Kelly, Edmund H., 96
  • Kennedy, Richard T.:
    • Cambodia, 36, 92, 98, 100, 102, 104, 107, 127
    • International Conference on Vietnam, 4, 8
    • Kissinger DRV visit, 11, 12, 13
    • Laos, 26
    • Paris Peace Accords ceasefire violations, 2, 9, 36, 42, 43
    • RVN political situation, 88
    • U.S. economic aid to RVN, 125, 131
    • U.S. military aid to RVN, 146
  • Kennedy, Ted, 245
  • Khukrit Pramot, 288, 289, 296, 298
  • Kiefe, Brig. Gen., 171
  • Kintner, William, 131
  • Kissinger, Henry A.:
    • Agnew RVN visit, 5, 6, 7
    • Cambodia:
      • Ceasefire, 9, 13
      • CIA personnel in, 36
      • Congressional military restrictions, 87, 89, 92, 97, 99, 100, 101
      • Covert operations, 127
      • Foreign forces withdrawal, 22
      • Military situation:
        • National Intelligence Estimates, 174
        • Regional Staff Meeting discussions, 126, 231
        • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 23, 100, 109, 131, 180
      • Political situation, 222
        • CIA memoranda, 106, 119
        • National Security Council staff memoranda, 99, 215
        • Nixon discussions, 103
        • Regional Staff Meeting discussions, 231
        • U.S.–DRV discussions, 55
        • U.S.–RVN discussions, 108
        • U.S. settlement role, 173, 175, 180
        • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 23, 36, 109, 180
      • U.S. aid to, 143
        • Clements memoranda, 160
        • Interdepartmental discussions, 110
        • JCS memoranda, 149
        • National Security Council staff memoranda, 98, 104
        • Regional Staff Meeting discussions, 179
        • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 100, 102, 107, 109, 113, 116, 122, 156, 180
      • U.S. bombing, 27, 36, 95, 97
      • U.S.–DRV discussions, 12, 13, 15, 53, 59, 65
      • U.S. evacuation, 180, 215, 223, 225
        • Ford discussions, 211
        • Ford-Kissinger-Schlesinger discussions, 226
        • National Security Council meetings, 196
        • National Security Council staff memoranda, 213
        • Regional Staff Meeting discussions, 201, 224
        • Schlesinger discussions, 87
        • Washington Special Actions Group meetings, 202
    • Congressional Indochina visit, 182
    • Covert operations, 147
    • Disinformation/deception operations, 35, 115
    • DRV spring offensive (1975):
      • Cabinet meetings, 234
      • Department of State discussions, 191
      • Ford-Congressional discussions, 232
      • Ford discussions, 194, 211
      • Martin memoranda, 261
      • National Security Council discussions, 196, 212
      • National Security Council staff memoranda, 185, 199
      • Regional Staff Meeting discussions, 198, 201, 224, 265
      • U.S.–RVN discussions, 230, 244
      • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 202, 245, 266
    • DRV visit, 6, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17
    • Evacuation of RVN nationals, 237
    • Ford-Le Duc Tho correspondence, 138
    • International Commission for Control and Supervision, 2, 18, 28
    • International Conference on Vietnam, 3, 4, 8
    • Laos:
    • Le Duc Tho correspondence, 21, 112
    • Le Duc Tho meeting (Dec. 20, 1973), 117, 120
    • Mayaguez incident:
      • National Security Council discussions, 285, 295, 298, 301
      • National Security Council staff memoranda, 290
      • Regional Staff Meeting discussions, 284
      • Thailand and, 288, 296
    • Nobel Peace Prize, 118
    • Paris Peace Accords:
    • Paris Peace Accords ceasefire violations:
      • Disinformation/deception operations and, 35
      • U.S.–DRV discussions, 11, 12, 49
      • U.S. military responses, 29, 30, 31, 34, 36, 41, 42, 43, 44
      • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 2, 9, 23, 36, 42, 43
    • Paris peace talks (May–June 1973):
    • Prisoners of war, 2, 9, 11, 12, 39
    • Psychological warfare, 93, 141
    • Refugee relocation, 264, 274
    • RVN political situation:
      • Ford-Congressional discussions, 252
      • Martin memoranda, 244, 253, 255, 261
      • National Security Council staff memoranda, 32, 88
      • Thieu resignation, 246, 247, 251
    • South Vietnam military situation, 90, 113, 117, 121, 133, 153, 170
    • Spratly/Paracel Islands, 122
    • Sullivan RVN visit, 18
    • Thieu U.S. visit (1973), 38, 39
    • U.S. economic aid to DRV, 12, 16, 17, 248
    • U.S. economic aid to RVN, 123, 143
      • Ford-Bac discussions, 148
      • Ford-Phuong discussions, 135
      • National Security Council staff memoranda, 125
      • National Security Decision Memorandum, 40
      • National Security Study Memoranda, 150
      • Regional Staff Meeting discussions, 124
      • U.S.–RVN discussions, 39, 118, 134
      • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 2, 9, 131
    • U.S. evacuation from South Vietnam, 203, 218, 219, 234, 235, 237, 238, 242, 250, 269, 271
    • U.S. military aid to RVN, 143
      • Clements memoranda, 160
      • DRV spring offensive (1975) and, 191, 224, 244, 261
      • Ford-Bac discussions, 148
      • Ford-Congressional discussions, 144, 145, 168, 181, 182, 232, 252
      • Ford discussions, 159, 161
      • Ford-leadership discussions, 169
      • National Security Council staff memoranda, 146
      • National Security Study Memoranda, 150
      • Regional Staff Meeting discussions, 167
      • U.S.–RVN discussions, 108, 118, 230
      • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 116, 122, 156
    • U.S. political situation, 129, 182
    • U.S. troop withdrawals, 11
    • Vietnam War analysis, 278, 280
  • Kissinger-Le Duc Tho meeting (Dec. 1973), 117, 120
  • Knowles, Richard T., 201
  • Korologos, Tom C., 136
  • Krit Siwara, 298
  • Laird, Melvin R., 97
  • Laos:
    • Ceasefire:
      • Godley reports, 10, 19, 20
      • Kissinger-Le Duc Tho correspondence, 21
      • U.S.–DRV discussions, 13, 14, 15, 16
      • U.S.–RVN discussions, 18
      • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 9
    • Congressional military restrictions and, 89
    • Covert operations, 114
    • Foreign forces withdrawal:
      • De Poix memoranda, 130
      • Godley reports, 19
      • National Security Council staff memoranda, 26
      • Nixon-Kissinger discussions, 22
      • Paris peace talks on, 76, 83
      • U.S.–DRV discussions, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17
      • U.S.-Lao discussions, 10
      • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 9
    • International Conference on Vietnam and, 8
    • Paris Peace Accords and, 5
    • Political situation:
      • Department of State paper, 281
      • Godley reports, 20
      • Hummel memoranda, 96
      • National Security Council staff memoranda, 132
      • U.S.–DRV discussions, 11, 12, 13, 14, 59
      • U.S.-Lao discussions, 10
      • U.S. military responses to ceasefire violations and, 34
      • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 9, 36
    • U.S. air support, 24
    • U.S.–DRV discussions, 12, 13, 14
    • U.S. economic aid to, 281
    • U.S. military aid to, 143, 281
    • U.S. military responses to ceasefire violations, 29, 30, 31
      • Nixon-Haig discussions, 33, 37
      • Nixon-Scowcroft discussions, 34
      • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 36, 42, 43
  • Layton, Bob, 122
  • Le Duc Tho:
    • Ford correspondence, 138
    • Kissinger correspondence, 21, 112
    • Kissinger DRV visit, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17
    • Kissinger meeting (Dec. 20, 1973), 117, 120
    • Paris peace talks (May–June 1973), Kissinger meetings, 44, 49, 51, 53, 55, 59, 83
  • Lee Kuan Yew, 100, 285
  • Lehmann, Wolfgang J., 140, 188, 190, 193, 194
  • Le Khac, 94
  • Le Quang Hoa, Maj. Gen., 18
  • Le Van Thu, 7
  • Li Hsien-nien, 301
  • Long Boret, 108, 137, 220, 228, 236
  • Lon Nol, Gen., 36, 37, 99, 100, 104, 132, 137, 176
  • Lon Non, Brig. Gen., 36, 137
  • Looram, Matthew, 92
  • Lord, Winston:
  • Luce, Don, 120
  • Lu Van Loi, 2, 18
  • Mahon, George H., 86, 125, 144
  • Malo, Charles, 227, 229
  • Mansfield, Michael J., 2, 100, 168, 172, 232, 245
  • Marsh, John O., Jr.:
    • DRV spring offensive (1975), 212
    • Mayaguez incident, 291, 295, 298
    • U.S. aid to Cambodia, 183
    • U.S. evacuation from Cambodia, 226
    • U.S. military aid to RVN, 136, 181
  • Martin, Graham:
  • Masters, Edward E., 288, 289
  • Maw, Carlyle, 167, 171, 179, 180, 203, 236
  • Mayaguez incident:
    • Ford-Scowcroft discussions, 293, 294
    • Gayler memoranda, 300
    • National Security Council discussions, 285, 291, 295, 298, 301
    • National Security Council staff memoranda, 290
    • People’s Republic of China and, 286, 287, 299, 301
    • Regional Staff Meeting discussions, 284
    • Thailand and, 288, 289, 292, 296, 298, 301
    • UN involvement, 297
  • McAlpine, Maj. Gen. D.A., 18
  • McClary, Terence E., 139
  • McClellan, John L, 2, 125, 136, 144
  • McCloskey, Paul N., 182
  • McCloskey, Robert J., 2, 108, 113, 224, 236
  • McDonald, Lt. Col. Donald, 156, 273
  • McFarlane, Robert C., 136
  • McNamara, Robert, 108
  • Meany, George, 245
  • Meissner, Charles F., 212
  • Michel, Robert H., 168
  • Miller, Robert:
  • Moorer, Adm. Thomas H.:
    • Cambodia:
    • Paris Peace Accords ceasefire violations, 2, 23, 36, 41, 42, 43
    • Spratly/Paracel Islands, 122
    • U.S. military aid to RVN, 116, 122
  • Moose, Richard M., 212
  • Morgan, Thomas, 142, 143, 181, 240, 276
  • Morton, Rogers C.B., 169, 274
  • Mossler, John, 7, 94
  • “Mother Vietnam,” 93
  • Murphy, John, 171, 179
  • Murphy, Rear Adm. Daniel J., 2, 9, 42, 43
  • Murtha, John P., 182
  • Muskie, Edmund, 233
  • National Intellligence Estimates:
    • NIE 3/14.3–2–74, “Short-term Prospects for Vietnam,” 155
    • NIE 53/14.3–1–74, “The Likelihood of a Major North Vietnamese Offensive Against South Vietnam Before June 30, 1975,” 128
    • NIE 53/14.3–73, “Short-term Prospects for Vietnam,” 111
    • NIE 57–1–75, “Prospects for Cambodia Through August 1975,” 174
  • National Security Council (NSC) (see also National Security Council staff memoranda under other subjects; National Security Decision Memoranda; National Security Study Memoranda):
  • National Security Decision Memoranda, No. 210, 40
  • National Security Study Memoranda:
    • No. 167, 4, 8
    • No. 213, 150
  • Negroponte, John D., 4, 7
  • Nelson, William E., 23, 36, 42, 43, 107, 129
  • Newsom, David, 284
  • Newton, William, 2, 9, 23, 42, 43
  • Nguyen Ba Can, 212, 230, 253
  • Nguyen Cao Ky, 205, 207, 233
  • Nguyen Co Thach:
    • Joint Economic Commission, 94
    • Kissinger DRV visit, 11, 12, 13, 15
    • Paris peace talks (May–June 1973), 49, 55, 83
  • Nguyen Dinh Nam, 134
  • Nguyen Dinh Phuong:
    • Kissinger DRV visit, 11, 12, 13, 15
    • Kissinger-Le Duc Tho meeting (Dec. 1973), 120
    • Paris peace talks (May–June 1973), 49, 55, 83
  • Nguyen Duy Trinh, 11, 12, 13
  • Nguyen Luv Vien, 52
  • Nguyen Ngoc Loan, 205
  • Nguyen Phu Duc, 38, 39, 60, 61, 68, 108
  • Nguyen Van Thieu:
  • Nguyen Xuan Phong, 52, 54
  • Nixon, Richard M.:
  • North Vietnam. See Democratic Republic of Vietnam
  • Nunn, Sam, 167, 181
  • Oakley, Robert B., 196
  • Odeen, Philip A., 4
  • O’Neill, Thomas P., 168
  • Oveson, Richard M., 138
  • Palmer, Gen. Bruce, Jr., 216
  • Paracel Islands, 122
  • Paris Peace Accords (see also International Commission for Control and Supervision; International Conference on Vietnam; Paris Peace Accords ceasefire violations):
    • Ceasefire, 28, 45, 46
    • Ford speech, 138
    • Kissinger-Le Duc Tho correspondence, 21
    • Nixon-Kissinger discussions, 1, 2, 3, 5, 11, 12
    • Ports of entry, 5, 9, 11, 12
    • U.S.–DRV discussions, 11, 12, 15, 49, 55, 120
    • U.S.–RVN discussions, 1, 3, 18
  • Paris Peace Accords ceasefire violations:
    • Bunker memoranda, 28, 46
    • Disinformation/deception operations, 35
    • International Conference on Vietnam and, 23
    • Kissinger memoranda, 29
    • Nixon-Haig discussions, 33, 37
    • Prisoners of war and, 29
    • U.S.–DRV discussions, 11, 12, 49
    • U.S. military responses:
      • Kissinger-Haig discussions, 31
      • Kissinger memoranda, 29, 30
      • Nixon-Haig discussions, 33, 37
      • Nixon-Kissinger discussions, 44
      • Nixon-Scowcroft discussions, 34
      • Scowcroft memoranda, 41
      • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 36, 42, 43
    • U.S.–RVN discussions, 1, 38
    • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 2, 9, 23, 36, 42, 43
  • Paris peace talks (May–June 1973):
  • Parker, Daniel, 125
  • Passman, Otto, 116, 125, 179, 180, 182, 183
  • Pauly, Lt. Gen. John W.:
  • Pearson, James B., 181
  • Peet, Vice Adm. Ray, 107, 122
  • Pell, Claiborne, 232
  • Percy, Charles H., 232
  • Pham Ngac, 49, 55, 83, 120
  • Pham The Dong, 120
  • Pham Van Dong, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16
  • Phan Hien, 11, 12, 13, 49, 55, 83, 120
  • Pheng Phongsavan, 10, 19, 20
  • Phoumi Vongvichet, 10, 19, 20, 96
  • Phoun Siprasouth, 36
  • Pilk, Col. Jack R., 139
  • Pinckney, Col. Thomas, 23
  • Poland, 36, 38
  • Polgar, Thomas, 45, 117, 205, 266
  • Porter, William J.:
  • Prisoners of war (POWs):
    • Bunker memoranda, 28, 46
    • National Security Council staff memoranda, 90
    • Paris Peace Accords ceasefire violations and, 29
    • U.S.–DRV discussions, 11, 12, 16, 83, 120
    • U.S. military responses to ceasefire violations and, 31, 34
    • U.S.–RVN discussions, 18, 39
    • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 2, 9
  • Provisional Revolutionary Government (PRG), 18, 90
  • Psychological warfare (see also Covert operations; Disinformation/deception operations), 93, 98, 104, 141
  • Ransom, David, 203
  • Ratliff, Rob Roy, 93, 114, 141, 147
  • Red Cross, 2, 55
  • Refugee relocation:
    • Cabinet meetings, 274
    • Martin memoranda, 239
    • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 243, 254, 264
  • Republic of Vietnam (RVN) (see also South Vietnam military situation; U.S. economic aid to RVN; U.S. military aid to RVN):
  • Rhodes, John Jacob, 252
  • Richardson, Elliot L., 4, 40
  • Rives, Lloyd M., 86, 96
  • Roberts, Brig. Gen. C.D., Jr., 301
  • Rockefeller, Nelson:
    • DRV spring offensive (1975), 196
    • Mayaguez incident, 285, 291, 295, 298
    • U.S. evacuation from South Vietnam, 258, 268, 276
    • U.S. military aid to RVN, 168, 169
  • Rodman, Peter:
    • Kissinger DRV visit, 11, 12, 13
    • Kissinger-Le Duc Tho meeting (Dec. 1973), 120
    • Paris peace talks (May–June 1973), 49, 52, 54, 55, 83
  • Rogers, William P., 4, 25, 40, 94, 96, 224
  • Rumsfeld, Donald:
  • Rush, Kenneth:
    • Cambodia, 126
    • DRV spring offensive (1975), 191
    • Washington Special Actions Group meetings, 9, 36, 92, 109, 113, 116, 122
  • RVN nationals, evacuation of (see also Refugee relocation; U.S. evacuation from South Vietnam):
    • Ford-Congressional discussions, 276
    • Kissinger-Brown discussions, 263
    • Kissinger memoranda, 237
    • Martin memoranda, 209, 233, 239, 241
    • National Security Council meetings, 212
    • National Security Council staff memoranda, 199, 210
    • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 236, 243, 245, 254, 256, 266
  • Sak Sutsakman, 220
  • Salisbury, Harrison E., 11
  • Sam Neua, 19
  • Saukham Khoy, 215, 220, 228
  • Scali, John, 297
  • Schlesinger, James R.:
    • Cambodia:
    • Disinformation/deception operations, 35
    • DRV military capabilities, 165
    • DRV spring offensive (1975), 196, 203, 212, 232
    • Laos, 130
    • Mayaguez incident, 285, 291, 295, 298, 301
    • Paris Peace Accords ceasefire violations, 2, 9, 23, 35, 42, 43
    • RVN political situation, 252
    • U.S. evacuation from South Vietnam:
      • Cabinet meetings, 274
      • Ford-Congressional discussions, 232, 276
      • National Security Council meetings, 258, 268
      • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 203, 236, 249, 256
    • U.S. military aid to RVN, 136, 141, 162, 168, 169, 184, 212
    • Vietnam War analysis, 283
  • Scott, William L., 168, 232
  • Scowcroft, Brig. Gen. Brent:
    • Cambodia:
    • Congressional Indochina visit, 182
    • DRV spring offensive (1975), 189, 191
      • Ford-Congressional discussions, 232
      • Ford speech (April 10, 1975), 211
      • Ford-Thieu correspondence, 193
      • Lehmann memoranda, 188
      • Martin memoranda, 209
      • National Security Council meetings, 196, 212
      • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 203, 245, 266
      • Weyand report, 208
    • International Conference on Vietnam, 4
    • Kissinger DRV visit, 14, 16, 17
    • Kissinger-Le Duc Tho correspondence, 21
    • Kissinger-Le Duc Tho meeting (Dec. 1973), 117
    • Laos, U.S. military responses to ceasefire violations, 34, 36, 42, 43
    • Mayaguez incident, 285, 291, 293, 294, 295, 298, 301
    • Nguyen Van Thieu departure, 259
    • Paris Peace Accords, 138
    • Paris peace talks (May–June 1973):
      • Kissinger-Le Duc Tho meetings, 49, 51, 53
      • Nixon discussions, 80
      • Nixon-Thieu correspondence, 56, 57, 58, 71, 81
    • Prisoners of war, 16
    • Refugee relocation, 264
    • RVN political situation, 251, 252
    • South Vietnam military situation, 132, 172
    • Spratly/Paracel Islands, 122
    • U.S. economic aid to RVN, 135, 148
    • U.S. evacuation from South Vietnam, 277
    • U.S. military aid to RVN, 116, 148
      • DRV spring offensive (1975) and, 210
      • Ford-Congressional discussions, 144, 145, 181, 182
      • Ford-Kissinger discussions, 159, 161
      • Ford-Martin discussions, 172
      • Ford-Schlesinger discussions, 184
      • Korologos memoranda, 136
      • National Security Council staff memoranda, 164
      • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 156
    • Vietnam War analysis, 279
  • Shackley, Ted:
    • Refugee relocation, 264
    • RVN political situation, 88
    • U.S. aid to Cambodia, 156, 180
    • U.S. evacuation from South Vietnam, Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 236, 243, 245, 249, 254, 256, 266, 273
    • U.S. military aid to RVN, 131, 156
  • Sherman, George, 113
  • Shultz, George P., 40
  • Sihanouk, Prince Norodom:
    • DRV aid to, 92
    • Political situation:
      • Bush memoranda, 229
      • Dean memoranda, 137
      • National Security Council staff memoranda, 132, 214
      • Regional Staff Meeting discussions, 201
      • U.S.-Cambodian discussions, 176, 220
      • U.S.–PRC discussions, 227
      • U.S.–RVN discussions, 108
      • U.S. settlement role, 173
      • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 36, 100, 102, 109
    • U.S. evacuation, 213
  • Simon, William, 196
  • Sirik Matak, 36, 38, 89, 100, 137, 234
  • Sisco, Joseph J., 147, 179, 196, 224, 291, 292
  • Smith, Maj. Gen. Homer, 203, 239, 241, 249, 256, 266, 267, 268, 269, 272
  • Smyser, William Richard:
  • Solomon, Richard, 214
  • Sonnenfeldt, Helmut, 49
  • Son Ngoc Thanh, 137
  • Sosthene Fernandez, Maj. Gen., 2, 106, 109
  • Souphanouvong, 20, 96
  • South Vietnam military situation (see also DRV spring offensive (1975); Paris Peace Accords ceasefire violations):
    • Congressional military restrictions and, 89
    • Ford-Congressional discussions, 182
    • Interagency Intelligence Memoranda, 152
    • Kissinger memoranda, 153
    • Martin memoranda, 117, 121, 154, 158
    • National Intellligence Estimates, 111, 128, 155
    • National Security Council staff memoranda, 90, 132, 133, 170
    • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 113, 131
  • South Vietnam. See Republic of Vietnam
  • Souvanna Phouma, Prince:
    • Heart attack, 132
    • Paris Peace Accords ceasefire, 9, 10, 13, 19
    • Political situation, 36, 96
    • U.S. military responses to ceasefire violations, 30
  • Soviet Union:
    • DRV spring offensive (1975) and, 185
    • U.S. evacuation from South Vietnam, 246, 248, 250, 258
  • Sparkman, John J., 183, 232
  • Special National Intellligence Estimates, SNIE 53/14.3–75, “Assessment of the Situation in South Vietnam,” 195
  • Spratly Islands, 122
  • Spring offensive (1975). See DRV spring offensive (1975)
  • Springsteen, George S., Jr., 279
  • Stearman, William:
  • Stearns, Monteagle, 116, 120, 122, 131
  • Stennis, John C., 107, 144, 145, 168
  • Stifflemire, Mary, 120
  • Stoddert, Jonathan D., 131
  • Stukel, Lt. Col. Don, 109, 113, 116, 122
  • Sullivan, William:
    • Cambodia, 36, 86
    • International Commission for Control and Supervision, 18
    • International Conference on Vietnam, 12, 18
    • Kissinger DRV visit, 11, 12, 13
    • Laos, 18
    • Paris Peace Accords ceasefire violations, 9, 23, 36, 42, 43
    • Paris peace talks (May–June 1973):
      • Kissinger-Le Duc Tho meetings, 49, 55, 83
      • Nixon-Thieu correspondence, 78
      • Phong meetings, 50
      • U.S.–RVN discussions, 52, 60, 61
    • RVN visit, 18
  • Swank, Emory C., 2, 86, 92, 100
  • Symington, Stuart, 100, 172, 232
  • Syvrud, Donald, 94
  • Tarr, Curtis, 109
  • Thailand:
  • Thompson, Richard S., 83, 104
  • Thurmond, Strom, 168
  • Timmons, William, 97, 125
  • Tower, John, 252
  • Train, Harry D., 282
  • Tran Kim Phuong:
    • Cambodian political situation, 108
    • Paris Peace Accords, 1, 3
    • Paris peace talks (May–June 1973), 79, 85
    • U.S. economic aid to RVN, 118, 134, 135, 148
    • U.S. military aid to RVN, 108, 118, 148
  • Tran Quang Co, 11, 12, 13, 83, 120
  • Tran Thien Khiem, 7
  • Tran Van Do, 52
  • Tran Van Huong, 7, 253, 255, 259
  • Tran Van Lam, 2, 3, 18, 52, 60, 62, 247
  • Tran Van Tra, Lt. Gen., 18
  • Two Party Joint Military Commission:
    • Kissinger-Le Duc Tho correspondence, 112
    • National Security Council staff memoranda, 90, 132
    • Paris peace talks on, 49, 52, 53, 55, 56, 67, 76, 83
    • U.S.–DRV discussions, 12
    • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 36
  • Unger, Leonard, 23, 107
  • United Nations, 264, 297
  • U.S. economic aid to RVN:
    • Agnew RVN visit discussions, 7
    • DRV spring offensive (1975) and, 209, 212
    • Ford-Bac discussions, 148
    • Ford-Phuong discussions, 135
    • Interagency Intelligence Memoranda, 157
    • Interdepartmental discussions, 171
    • Kissinger memoranda, 123, 143
    • National Security Council staff memoranda, 125
    • National Security Decision Memorandum, 40
    • National Security Study Memoranda, 150
    • Ports of entry issue and, 9
    • Regional Staff Meeting discussions, 124
    • U.S.–RVN discussions, 39, 118, 134
    • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 2, 9, 131
  • U.S. evacuation from South Vietnam (see also RVN nationals, evacuation of):
  • U.S. military aid to RVN, 105
    • Abramowitz memoranda, 162
    • Ash memoranda, 163
    • Clements memoranda, 160
    • DRV spring offensive (1975) and, 191, 194, 209, 211
      • Martin memoranda, 261
      • National Security Council meetings, 212
      • National Security Council staff memoranda, 210
      • Regional Staff Meeting discussions, 224
      • U.S.–RVN discussions, 230, 244
    • Ford-Bac discussions, 148
    • Ford-Congressional discussions, 144, 145, 168, 181, 182, 232, 252
    • Ford-Kissinger discussions, 159, 161
    • Ford-leadership discussions, 169
    • Ford-Schlesinger discussions, 184
    • Ford speech (April 10, 1975), 199, 200, 212, 217
    • Ford-Thieu correspondence, 151, 166, 192, 193
    • Interdepartmental discussions, 171
    • Kissinger memoranda, 143
    • Korologos memoranda, 136
    • Martin-DOD meeting, 141
    • Martin memoranda, 233, 261
    • National Security Council staff memoranda, 146, 164
    • National Security Study Memoranda, 150
    • Regional Staff Meeting discussions, 167, 224
    • U.S.–DRV discussions, 120
    • U.S.–RVN discussions, 108, 118, 230, 244, 253
    • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 116, 122, 156
  • U.S. political situation, 129, 182
  • U.S. troop withdrawals, 11, 12, 15, 120
  • Vang Pao, 24
  • Van Tien Dung, Gen., 133
  • Vest, George, 120, 131, 167
  • Viet Cong. See Provisional Revolutionary Government
  • Vietnam Council on Foreign Relations, 147
  • Vietnam War analysis:
    • Department of State paper, 279
    • JCS memoranda, 282
    • Kissinger memoranda, 280
    • Kissinger statements, 278
    • West memoranda, 283
  • Vogt, Gen. John W., 7, 18, 42
  • “Voice of Nam Bo Liberation,” 93
  • Von Marbod, Erich, 141, 142, 156, 171
  • Vuong Van Bac, 118, 148, 247
  • Waldheim, Kurt, 8, 297
  • Walsh, Paul, 171
  • Walters, Gen. Vernon, 92, 109
  • Washington Special Actions Group (WSAG):
  • Watergate scandal. See U.S. political situation
  • Weinel, Vice Adm. John:
  • Weiss, Cora, 120
  • Wenzel, Robert H., 118, 171
  • West, Francis J., 283
  • Weyand, Gen. Frederick C.:
    • Agnew RVN visit, 7
    • Cambodia, 92
    • DRV spring offensive (1975), report on, 191, 199, 203, 208, 212
    • Paris Peace Accords ceasefire violations, 2, 31
    • U.S. evacuation from South Vietnam, 205
  • Whitehouse, Charles W.:
  • Wickham, Maj. Gen. John A., Jr., 18, 141, 142
  • Williams, Maurice J., 94
  • Woodward, Gen. Gilbert H., 7, 18, 31
  • Xuan Thuy, 49, 55, 108
  • Zhou Enlai, 36
  • Ziegler, Ronald L., 2, 84
  • Zurhellen, J. Owen, 284, 286