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Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969–1976, Volume II, Organization and Management of U.S. Foreign Policy, 1969–1972

Foreign Economic Policy


Document 348: Editorial Note


Document 349: Action Memorandum From C. Fred Bergsten of the Operations Staff, National Security Council to the President's Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger)

Washington , February 18, 1969 .

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Subject Files, Box 403, Office of the Special Trade Representative. Limited Official Use.


Document 350: Memorandum of Conversation

Washington , March 12, 1969 .

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Files 1967–69, PER 1. No classification marking. Drafted by Richardson on March 14. Copies were sent to Rogers, Pedersen, Samuels, Greenwald, Rimestad, and Hastings.


Document 351: Memorandum From C. Fred Bergsten of the Operations Staff, National Security Council to the President's Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger)

Washington , March 18, 1969 .

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Subject Files, Box 403, Office of the Special Trade Representative. Limited Official Use. Sent for action.


Document 352: Notes of Telephone Conversation Between the Under Secretary of State (Richardson) and the President's Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger)

Washington , March 18, 1969 .

Source: Library of Congress, Manuscript Division, Richardson Papers, Box 104, Telcons. No classification marking.


Document 353: Memorandum From C. Fred Bergsten of the Operations Staff, National Security Council to the President's Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger)

Washington , March 18, 1969 .

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Subject Files, Box 403, Office of the Special Trade Representative. Limited Official Use. Sent for action. Printed from an unsigned copy.


Document 354: Memorandum From Secretary of the Treasury Kennedy to the President's Assistant (Ellsworth)

Washington , March 21, 1969 .

Source: Washington National Records Center, RG 56, OSD Files, FRC 56 74 7, Secretary's Memos/Correspondence, 1966–1970: White House, Jan–Aug 1969. Limited Office Use. Drafted by Petty. A copy was sent to Mayo.


Document 355: Telegram From the Under Secretary of State (Richardson) to Secretary of State Rogers

Washington , March 22, 1969, 2104Z .

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Subject Files, Box 403, Office of the Special Trade Representative. Confidential; Eyes Only. Rogers was with the President at San Clemente, California.


Document 356: Editorial Note


Document 357: Memorandum From the Acting Executive Secretary of the Department of State (Walsh) to the President's Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger)

Washington , April 7, 1969 .

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Subject Files, Box 403, Office of the Special Trade Representative. No classification marking. Bergsten forwarded the memorandum to Kissinger under an April 7 covering memorandum, in which he commented that “you might this ammunition useful in presenting the President's decision to Secretary Stans.” (Ibid.)


Document 358: Memorandum From the President's Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger) to President Nixon

Washington , May 19, 1969 .

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Subject Files, Box 403, Office of the Special Trade Representative. Limited Official Use. Sent for action.


Document 359: Memorandum From the Deputy Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Samuels) to Secretary of State Rogers and the Under Secretary of State (Richardson)

Washington , October 28, 1969 .

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Files 1967–69, ORG 1. Confidential. Printed from an unsigned copy. Drafted by Deputy Assistant Secretary Eugene Braderman (E/CBA). Copies were sent to Macomber and Trezise.


Document 360: Memorandum From the Chairman of the Export-Import Bank (Kearns) to President Nixon

Washington , December 18, 1969 .

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Subject Files, Box 338, HAK/Richardson Meetings, Jan 1970–March 1970. Personal and Confidential at the Request of the President. A note on the memorandum indicates that the President saw it. The President wrote on page 1: “K, I completely agree with this analysis. Shake Samuels et al hard & get action. All they have done so far is to tinker with the status quo.”


Document 361: Memorandum From the Executive Secretary of the Department of State (Eliot) to Secretary of State Rogers

Washington , February 27, 1970 .

Source: National Archives, RG 59, S/S-NSC Matters Files: Lot 73 D 288, NSC/Misc, February 1970. No classification marking.


Document 362: Draft Memorandum From Secretary of Commerce Stans to President Nixon

Washington , April 15, 1970 .

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Agency Files, Box 213, Dept of Commerce, Vol. I, 1970. Official Use Only. Stans forwarded the unsigned draft memorandum to Kissinger under cover of an April 14 memorandum in which he noted that Nixon asked him to submit the proposal through Kissinger. Stans sent a copy of the proposal to Rogers the same day, explaining in his covering memorandum that he was considering recommending the changes and had forwarded the draft proposal to Kissinger. (Ibid., RG 59, Central Files 1970–73, ORG 1 COM–STATE)


Document 363: Memorandum From Secretary of State Rogers to President Nixon

Washington , May 1, 1970 .

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Agency Files, Box 213, Dept of Commerce, Vol. I, 1970. No classification marking. Rogers sent a copy to Stans under cover of a May 15 memorandum in which he sought to “underscore the strong feelings I hold on the subject. Simply stated, I could not efficiently advise on and carry out this nation's foreign policy if my authority and responsibility were fragmented in this manner you suggest.” (Ibid., RG 59, Central Files 1970–73, ORG 1 COM–STATE)


Document 364: Memorandum From C. Fred Bergsten of the Operations Staff, National Security Council to the President's Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger)

Washington , May 21, 1970 .

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Subject Files, Box 339, HAK/Richardson Meetings, April–May 1970. No classification marking. Sent for action.


Document 365: Memorandum From Secretary of Commerce Stans to President Nixon

Washington , May 25, 1970 .

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Subject Files, Box 339, HAK/Richardson Meetings, April–May 1970. No classification marking. Printed from a copy sent to Kissinger.


Document 366: Memorandum From the Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers (McCracken) to John Campbell of the White House Staff

Washington , July 7, 1970 .

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, White House Central Files, Staff Member and Office Files, Houthaker Files, Box 30, Foreign Economic Policy— Ad Hoc Committee. No classification marking.


Document 367: Action Memorandum From the Director of the Planning and Coordination Staff, Department of State (Cargo) to Secretary of State Rogers

Washington , July 22, 1970 .

Source: National Archives, RG 59, S/S–NSC Matters Files: Lot 73 D 288 Foreign Economic Policy Council. Secret. Drafted by C. W. Ruser and concurred in by Trezise (E). Sent through U. Alexis Johnson and S/S.


Document 368: Memorandum From the Counselor of the Department of State (Pedersen) to Secretary of State Rogers

Washington , July 30, 1970 .

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Pedersen Files: Lot 75 D 229, Chron File. Confidential. Rogers initialed the memorandum, indicating that he saw it.


Document 369: Memorandum From the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (Shultz) to President Nixon

Washington , undated .

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, White House Special Files, President's Office Files, Box 82, Memoranda for the President. No classification marking.


Document 370: Memorandum for the President's File

Washington , August 25, 1970 .

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, White House Special Files, President's Office Files, Box 82, Memoranda for the President, Beginning Aug. 23, 1970. No classification marking. A copy was sent to Kissinger. According to the President's Daily Diary, the meeting lasted from 10:42 a.m. to 12:16 p.m. (Ibid., White House Central Files)


Document 371: Letter From Secretary of Commerce Stans to Secretary of State Rogers

Washington , September 8, 1970 .

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Files 1970–73, ORG 1 COM–STATE. No classification marking.


Document 372: Transcript of Telephone Conversation Between the President's Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger) and the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (Shultz)

Washington , September 10, 1970 .

Source: Library of Congress, Manuscript Division, Kissinger Papers, Box 364, Telephone Records, Chronological File. No classification marking. The conversation, which began at 4:50 p.m., appears to reference topics contained in Document 369.


Document 373: Memorandum From the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (Shultz) to President Nixon

Washington , October 13, 1970 .

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Agency Files, Box 218, Council on International Economic Policy (CIEP), Oct 70–31 July 71. No classification marking. Forwarded to the President by Shultz under an October 13 covering memorandum in which he stated he had discussed the proposal extensively with Kissinger, Ehrlichman, and Flanigan and believed they were “in general accord with it” but noted that they might have some additional comments. Shultz also wrote that he had also discussed it with Rogers, Kennedy, and Stans, who were “in accord except that Secretary Rogers feels very strongly that State should chair the proposed working group.” (Ibid.) In addition to his telephone conversation with Kissinger on September 10 (Document 372), Shultz met with Kissinger on September 11 from 6:54 to 7:25 p.m., with Kissinger, Ehrlichman, and others on September 14 from 6:52 to 7:42 p.m., with Kissinger on October 7 from 6:05 to 6:08 p.m. and 9:31 to 9:42 p.m., and with Kissinger and Ehrlichman on October 9 from 4:36 to 5:39 p.m., at which they could have discussed Shultz's proposed initiative and memorandum. (Library of Congress, Manuscript Division, Kissinger Papers, Box 438, Miscellany, 1968 to 1976, Record of Schedule)Trezise and Samuels wanted Rogers to propose to the President that he use the Under Secretaries Committee as a working group for the CIEP or, failing that, that State either chair the working group or provide the Executive Director. (Memorandum from Samuels to Rogers, October 13, and attached draft memorandum from Rogers to Nixon; National Archives, RG 59, Central Files 1970–73, E 1)


Document 374: Memorandum by President Nixon

Washington , January 18, 1971 .

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, White House Central Files, Subject Files, Box 3, Ex FG. No classification marking. The memorandum was released on January 19 and printed in Public Papers: Nixon, 1971, pp. 40–41.


Document 375: Memorandum From C. Fred Bergsten of the Operations Staff, National Security Council to the President's Deputy Assistant for National Security Affairs (Haig)

Washington , January 26, 1971 .

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Agency Files, Box 213, Commerce, Vol. II. No classification marking. Sent for information.


Document 376: Letter From Secretary of State Rogers to Secretary of Commerce Stans

Washington , November 22, 1971 .

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Files 1970–73, ORG 1 COM–STATE. No classification marking.


Document 377: Memorandum From Secretary of Commerce Stans to President Nixon

Washington , December 23, 1971 .

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, White House Central Files, Subject Files, Box 3, Ex FG 999. Official Use Only.


Document 378: Memorandum From Secretary of State Rogers to President Nixon

Washington , January 11, 1972 .

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Files 1970–73, ORG 1 COM–STATE. No classification marking.


Document 379: Memorandum From Robert Hormats of the Operations Staff, National Security Council to the President's Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger)

Washington , January 11, 1972 .

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Subject Files, Box 402, Trade, Vol. V. No classification marking.


Document 380: Conversation Among President Nixon, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (Shultz), and the President's Assistant for Domestic Affairs (Ehrlichman)

Washington , January 18, 1972 .

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, White House Tapes, Conversation among Nixon, Shultz, and Ehrlichman, January 18, 1972, Oval Office, Conversation No. 650–12. No classification marking. The editors transcribed the portions of the conversation printed here specifically for this volume. The President met with Shultz and Ehrlichman in the Oval Office from 12:33 to 2:29 p.m. (Ibid., White House Central Files, President's Daily Diary)


Document 381: Editorial Note