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Dominican Republic; Cuba; Haiti; Guyana

Foreign Relations of the United States, 1964–1968, Volume XXXII, Dominican Republic; Cuba; Haiti; Guyana

Dominican Republic


Document 1: Special National Intelligence Estimate

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, National Intelligence Estimates, Dominican Republic. Secret. According to a note on the cover sheet this estimate was prepared in the Central Intelligence Agency with the participation of the intelligence organizations of the Departments of State and Defense. The United States Intelligence Board concurred in this estimate on January 17.


Document 2: Memorandum From the President's Special Assistant (Dungan) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs (Mann)

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL DOM REP. Confidential.


Document 3: Airgram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–8 DOM REP. Confidential. Drafted by Shlaudeman on February 14 and approved by DCM Spencer M. King.


Document 4: Airgram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 2 DOM REP. Confidential. Drafted by Shlaudeman on February 18 and approved by DCM Spencer M. King.


Document 5: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, FN 2 DOM REP. Secret; Limit Distribution.


Document 6: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, FN 10 DOM REP/IMF. Secret; Priority; Limdis.


Document 7: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Dominican Republic

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, FN 10 DOM REP/IMF. Secret; Priority; Limdis. Drafted by Shlaudeman and approved by Crockett.


Document 8: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, FN 10 DOM IMF. Secret; Immediate; Limdis. Passed to the White House.


Document 9: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. I, 6/64–4/65. Secret; Priority; Limdis.


Document 10: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Dominican Republic

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. I, 6/64–4/65. Secret; Priority; Limdis. Drafted by Crockett; cleared by William D. Rogers (AA/LA), Anthony Solomon (ARA), and Robert W. Adams (ARA); and approved by Mann.


Document 11: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Dominican Republic

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 30–2 DOM REP. Confidential; Priority. Drafted by Shlaudeman and approved by Crockett.


Document 12: Memorandum of Conversation

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 1 DOM REP. Confidential. Drafted by Shlaudeman. Copies were sent to ARA/CAR, INR, and the Embassy in Santo Domingo.


Document 13: Telegram From the Joint Army/Navy/Air Force Attachés to the Chief of Naval Operations (McDonald)

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. I, 6/64–4/65. Confidential. Also sent to CSAF, DA, USAFLDACTYGP FTBELVOIR, and DIA and repeated to the Department of State, CINCLANTFLT, CG FMFLANT, COMUSAFSO, OSD/ISA WASHDC, COMCARIBSEAFRON, USCINCSO, CG ANTCOMD USARSOUTH, and COMUSMILGP DOMINICAN REPUBLIC. Printed from the copy sent by the JCS to the White House. A handwritten notation by Gordon Chase on the first page of the telegram reads: “Mr. Bundy, State expert on Dominican Republic agrees with this assessment. He feels that odds are 2 or 3 to 1 against coup during next few months. GC.”


Document 14: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. I, 6/64–4/65. Secret; Limdis.


Document 15: Memorandum of Conversation

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 1 DOM REP. Confidential. Drafted by Shlaudeman.


Document 16: Memorandum From Robert M. Sayre of the National Security Council Staff to the President's Special Assistant (Dungan)

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. II, 1/64–4/65. Secret. A copy and the attachment were sent to Bundy.


Document 17: Airgram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 1 DOM REP. Confidential. The foreword was drafted by Bennett; the other sections were drafted by A.E. Breisky with contributions by J. Nepple (AID), J. Bushnell (ECON), Lieutenant Colonel L.F. Long (Attaché), J.F. Quilty (MAAG), and M. McLean (USIS). Cleared and approved by Bennett. The Department of State received the airgram on December 9.


Document 18: Letter From the Ambassador to the Dominican Republic (Bennett) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs (Mann)

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, ARA Files: Lot 70 D 295, Dominican Republic, 1965–1967. Confidential. The following handwritten notation appears on the first page of the memorandum: “Kennedy Crockett has copy—expects to come up with program to discuss with T[homas]CM[ann] on Wednesday, February 10.” No record of this meeting has been found.


Document 19: Letter From the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs (Mann) to the Ambassador to the Dominican Republic (Bennett)

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, ARA Files: Lot 70 D 295, Dominican Republic, 1965–1967. Confidential; Official–Informal. Drafted by Shlaudeman and Crockett on February 24.


Document 20: Memorandum From the Deputy Director for Coordination of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research (Carter) to the Director of Intelligence and Research (Hughes)

Source: Department of State, INR/IL Historical Files, Dominican Republic 1965. Secret; Eyes Only. Drafted on April 16. Also sent to George C. Denney, Jr. and Allan Evans (both INR/OD).


Document 21: Telegram From the White House Situation Room to President Johnson at Camp David

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Dominican Republic, White House Cables, 4/65–7/65. Secret. A handwritten notation on the first page of the telegram reads: “Seen by the President 25 Apr 65.”


Document 22: Telephone Conversation Between the Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Mann) and President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, Recordings and Transcripts, Recording of telephone conversation between President Johnson and Thomas Mann, Tape F65.10, Side B, PNO 3. No classification marking. This transcript was prepared in the Office of the Historian specifically for this volume. President Johnson placed the call to Mann, which lasted approximately 9 minutes.


Document 23: Telephone Conversation Between the Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Mann) and President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, Recordings and Transcripts, Recording of telephone conversation between President Johnson and Thomas Mann, Tape F65.11, Side A, PNO 1. No classification marking. This transcript was prepared in the Office of the Historian specifically for this volume. President Johnson placed the call to Mann, which lasted approximately 11 minutes.


Document 24: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Dominican Republic

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Immediate; Limit Distribution. Drafted by Sayre and cleared by Rusk and Vance.


Document 25: Memorandum From William G. Bowdler of the National Security Council Staff to the President's Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy)

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Memos and Miscellaneous, Vol. II, 1/64–4/65. Confidential.


Document 26: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, ARA/CAR Files: Lot 69 D 158, Dominican Republic, 1965. Confidential; Immediate. Repeated to CINCSO and CINCLANT for POLADs and COMCARIBSEAFRON and DOD. Passed to the White House and CIA.


Document 27: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, ARA/CAR Files: Lot 69 D 158, Dominican Republic, 1965. Confidential; Flash. Repeated to CINCSO and CINCLANT for POLADS and COMCARIBSEAFRON. Passed to the White House, DOD, and CIA.


Document 28: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, ARA/CAR Files: Lot 69 D 158, Dominican Republic, 1965. Confidential; Flash. Repeated to CINCSO and CINCLANT for POLADS, COMCARIBSEAFRON, DOD, and CTG FOUR FOUR PT NINE. Passed to the White House and CIA at 3:30 p.m.


Document 29: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Director of the National Security Agency (Carter)

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Confidential. The telegram printed here is the copy repeated to the Department of State, which was received at 4:54 p.m. Passed to USIB agencies.


Document 30: Editorial Note


Document 31: Memorandum of Telephone Conversation

Source: Johnson Library, Papers of Thomas C. Mann, Telephone Conversations with LBJ, Jan. 14, 1964–April 30, 1965. Extra Sensitive. According to the President's Daily Diary, Johnson was in the lounge of the Oval Office from 4:45 to 6:01 p.m. on April 28 meeting with Rusk, McNamara, Ball, McGeorge Bundy, and Moyers (Ibid.) Presumably this 5:45 p.m. conference call occurred during this time.


Document 32: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Director of the National Security Agency (Carter)

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Confidential. The telegram printed here is the copy repeated to the Department of State, which was received at 5:16 p.m. It was incorrectly identified as “Critic Four”; a handwritten correction on another copy of the telegram indicates it is “Critic Five.” Passed to USIB agencies.


Document 33: Transcript of Teleconference Between the Department of State and the Embassy in the Dominican Republic

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret.


Document 34: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Director of the National Security Agency (Carter)

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Confidential. The telegram printed here is the copy repeated to the Department of State, which was received at 7:29 p.m. Passed to USIB agencies.


Document 35: Minutes of Meeting

Source: Johnson Library, Meetings Notes File, 4/28/65 Meeting with Congressional Leaders on Dominican Republic. Secret. The meeting was held in the White House Cabinet Room. The time of the meeting is from the President's Daily Diary. (Johnson Library)


Document 36: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Director of the National Security Agency (Carter)

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Confidential; Flash. The telegram printed here is the copy repeated to the Department of State, which was received at 7:52 p.m. Repeated to CINCLANT and CINCSO for POLADs, COMCARIBSEAFRON, DOD, and CTG FOUR FOUR PT NINE and passed to the White House and CIA.


Document 37: Editorial Note


Document 38: Memorandum of Telephone Conversation Between the Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Mann) and President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, Papers of Thomas C. Mann, Telephone Conversations with LBJ, Jan. 14, 1964–April 30, 1965.


Document 39: Telephone Conversation Between Director of Central Intelligence Raborn and President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, Recordings and Transcripts, Recording of telephone conversation between President Johnson and Admiral William Raborn, Tape F65.11, Side B, PNO 1. No classification marking. This transcript was prepared in the Office of the Historian specifically for this volume. President Johnson placed the call to Raborn; he and Raborn talked approximately 7 minutes.


Document 40: Telephone Conversation Between the President's Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy) and President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, Recordings and Transcripts, Transcript of telephone conversation between President Johnson and McGeorge Bundy, Tape F65.11, Side B, PNO 2 and 3. No classification marking. This transcript was prepared in the Office of the Historian specifically for this volume. President Johnson placed the call to Bundy; they talked for approximately 10 minutes.


Document 41: Transcript of Teleconference Between the Department of State and the Embassy in the Dominican Republic

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Exdis.


Document 42: Editorial Note


Document 43: Editorial Note


Document 44: Telephone Conversation Between Abe Fortas and President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, Recordings and Transcripts, Recording of telephone conversation between President Johnson and Abe Fortas, Tape F65.12, Side B, PNO 2 and 3. No classification marking. This transcript was prepared in the Office of the Historian specifically for this volume. Abe Fortas placed the telephone call to President Johnson; they talked for approximately 15 minutes. This conversation occurred immediately after a meeting on the Dominican Republic in the White House Cabinet Room; see Documents 42 and 43.


Document 45: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Dominican Republic

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. V, 5/19/65–5/31/65. Secret; Flash. Drafted and approved by Mann.


Document 46: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Dominican Republic

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Flash. Drafted and approved by Mann and cleared by Grant G. Hilliker (S/S). Repeated to CINCLANT and DOD.


Document 47: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Dominican Republic

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Flash. Drafted by Mann, cleared by Read, and approved by Ball. Repeated to CINCLANT and DOD.


Document 48: Editorial Note


Document 49: Memorandum From the President's Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Memos to the President, McGeorge Bundy, Vol. X, 4/15–5/31/65. Secret.


Document 50: Intelligence Memorandum

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, CIA Situation Reports, 5/65. Secret; No Foreign Dissem. Prepared in the Office of Current Intelligence. A handwritten notation on the memorandum reads: “President has seen.”


Document 51: Memorandum for the Record

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Files of Gordon Chase, Meetings on the Dominican Republic Planning Group. Secret; Eyes Only; No Distribution. Drafted on May 4 by Chase. This is a record of a “Dominican Task Force” meeting. Although no time appears on the memorandum, Document 49 indicates that a meeting of this group was scheduled to take place at 9:30 a.m.


Document 52: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Dominican Republic

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Flash. Drafted and approved by Mann.


Document 53: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Dominican Republic

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Immediate. Drafted and approved by Mann and cleared by Vaughn.


Document 54: Memorandum From the Director of the U.S. Information Agency (Rowan) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, USIA Psychological Situation Reports, 5/65. Secret.


Document 55: Memorandum for the Record

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Files of Gordon Chase, Meetings on the Dominican Republic Planning Group. Secret; Eyes Only; No Distribution. Prepared by Chase on May 4.


Document 56: Memorandum of Conversation

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, S/S Files: Lot 70 D 217, President's Memoranda of Conversations, January-March 1965. Confidential. Drafted by Barnes and approved by the White House on May 17. The time of the meeting is from the President's Daily Diary. (Johnson Library) Former President of Venezuela Rómulo Betancourt was in Washington to attend various OAS meetings on the Dominican crisis. At the time of this meeting, President Johnson was considering a proposal first suggested by Abe Fortas for a committee of “Wise Men” to act as trustees or overseers of the effort to bring about a resolution in the Dominican Republic. Fortas dictated this idea to President Johnson's secretary on May 1 at 11:15 a.m. Fortas said: “This is a very secret and confidential message. If the OAS does not move, it seems to me you might consider the following after careful checking with Bosch and everybody else, the designation of Betancourt, Figueres and Marín as an interim committee, might be attempted. This is my own idea, not communicated or checked with anyone.” (Ibid., Recordings and Transcripts, Recording of telephone conversation between President Johnson and Abe Fortas, Tape F65.16, Side A, PNO 3) The proposal was later abandoned in part because of opposition from some Latin American governments and from the existing five-nation Special Committee of the OAS; see footnote 2, Document 52.


Document 57: Circular Telegram From the Department of State to Certain Posts

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Priority. Drafted by Eugene Klebenov (AID/APU) on May 5, cleared by Crockett, and approved by Sayre. Sent to all posts except those in the American Republics.


Document 58: Memorandum for the Record

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Files of Gordon Chase, Meetings on the Dominican Republic—Planning Group. Secret; Eyes Only; No Distribution. Prepared by Chase on May 7. The time of the meeting is from a May 6 memorandum from Vaughn to Rusk. (National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, AID Files: Lot 70 D 295, Dominican Republic Coup—Memoranda, Letters, 1965–1967)


Document 59: Circular Telegram From the Department of State to Certain Posts

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. III, Cables 5/65. Secret; Priority. Drafted by Eugene Klebenov (ARA), cleared by Crimmins, and approved by William L.S. Williams (ARA). Sent to all posts except Santo Domingo. Repeated to Hong Kong, USUN, USBER, and CINCEUR, CINCPAC, CINCLANT, and CINCSO for POLADs.


Document 60: Memorandum Prepared in the Central Intelligence Agency

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Name File, [Valenti File Re: Dominican Republic]. Secret; No Foreign Dissem. Another copy of the memorandum indicates it was sent under cover of a May 7 memorandum to Moyers by Ray S. Cline, Deputy Director of Central Intelligence, who wrote: “You may find helpful as a ready reference the attached report, which is a wrap-up of the political evolution of the Dominican Republic revolt. It is based on all the relevant intelligence available to US as of 7 May.” (Ibid., Dominican Republic-Communist Participation in Current Dominican Republic Rebellion—5/65)


Document 61: Memorandum for the Record

Source: Central Intelligence Agency, DCI (Helms) Files, Job 80–B01285A, Folder 13, Chron as DDCI and DCI, 1 January–31 December, 1965. Secret. Drafted on May 13. The time of the meeting is from the President's Daily Diary. (Johnson Library) Another record of this meeting is ibid., Office of the President File, Valenti Meeting Notes.


Document 62: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Immediate; Limdis. Received at 3:16 a.m. and passed to the White House, DOD, CIA, CINCSO, and CINCLANT at 4:20 a.m.


Document 63: Telegram From the the Department of State to the Embassy in the Dominican Republic

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Immediate; Limdis. Drafted and approved by Mann and cleared by Vance and Vaughn. Repeated to London.


Document 64: Telephone Conversation Between Secretary of Defense McNamara and President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, Recordings and Transcripts, Recording of telephone conversation between President Johnson and Robert McNamara, Tape F65.22, Side A, PNO 6 and Side B, PNO 1. No classification marking. This transcript was prepared in the Office of the Historian specifically for this volume. President Johnson placed the call to McNamara; they talked for approximately 12½ minutes.


Document 65: Editorial Note


Document 66: Memorandum for the Record

Source: Central Intelligence Agency, DCI (Helms) Files, Job 80–B01285A, Chron as DDCI and DCI, Folder 13, January 1–December 31, 1965. Secret. Drafted by Helms on May 13. The meeting was held on the second floor of the Executive Mansion. The time and place of the meeting are from the President's Daily Diary. (Johnson Library)


Document 67: Memorandum for the Record

Source: Central Intelligence Agency, DCI (Helms) Files, Job 80–B01285A, Chron as DDCI and DCI, January 1–December 31, 1965, Folder 13. Secret. Drafted by Helms on May 14. The time of the meeting is from the President's Daily Diary. (Johnson Library)


Document 68: Intelligence Memorandum

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. V, 5/19/65–5/31/65. Secret. Prepared in the Office of Current Intelligence of the Central Intelligence Agency.


Document 69: Memorandum for the Record

Source: Central Intelligence Agency, DCI (Helms) Files, Job 80–B01285A, Chron as DDCI and DCI, Folder 13, January 1–December 31, 1965. Secret. Drafted by Helms on May 15. The time of the meeting is from the President's Daily Diary. (Johnson Library)


Document 70: Memorandum for the Record

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 15–1 DOM REP. Secret; Exdis. Drafted by Crockett.


Document 71: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Dominican Republic

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Dominican Republic State & CIA Cables. Secret; Flash; Exdis.


Document 72: Draft Memorandum of Meeting

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, ARA/DR Files: Lot 70 D 442, POL 15–1 Head of Government. Secret. No drafting information appears on the memorandum. The exact time of this meeting has not been determined; however, during a brief telephone conversation between Bromley Smith and President Johnson at 11:25 a.m., May 15, the former told the President that Mann and Vaughn were expected to arrive at the San Isidro Air Base at approximately noon. (Johnson Library, Recordings and Transcripts, Recording of telephone conversation between President Johnson and Bromley Smith, Tape F65.26, Side B, PNO 2)


Document 73: Telegram From the Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Mann) and the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs (Vaughn) to the White House

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Top Secret; Flash; Exdis. Also sent to Rusk and McNamara. The telegram, sent over Defense communications channels, was received in the Department of State at 3:47 a.m.


Document 74: Telegram From the President's Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy), the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (Vance), and Abe Fortas to President Johnson

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Top Secret; Flash; Exdis. Also sent to Rusk and McNamara. The telegram, sent over Defense communications channels, was received in the Department of State at 4:21 a.m.


Document 75: Memorandum for the Record

Source: Central Intelligence Agency, DCI (Raborn) Files, Executive Registry Subject Files, Job 80–R01580R, Box 15, Dominican Republic, Folder 302. Secret. Drafted by Helms on May 17. The concluding time of the meeting is from the President's Daily Diary. (Johnson Library) Valenti's handwritten notes of this meeting are ibid., Office of the President File, Valenti Meeting Notes. During the course of the meeting Bundy telephoned the President from Santo Domingo at 6 p.m. to report on the negotiations there. (Ibid., Recordings and Transcripts, Recording of telephone conversation between President Johnson and McGeorge Bundy, Tape F65.27, Side B, PNO 2 and 3) This conversation was frequently interrupted by technical difficulties and even cut off forcing Bundy to call back at 6:16 p.m. During the second conversation with Fortas and the President on the line, Bundy resumed his account of the efforts being made to assist the OAS and other factions in the formulation of a coalition government that would be acceptable to both sides and still maintain the coordinating role of “constitutionalism si, communism no.” (Ibid., Recording of telephone conversation between President Johnson and McGeorge Bundy, Tape F65.28, Side A, PNO 1 and 2)


Document 76: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Immediate; Exdis. Received in the Department of State at 2:48 a.m. and passed to the White House at 3:23 a.m.


Document 77: Telephone Conversation Among the President's Advisers on the Dominican Republic and President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, Recordings and Transcripts, Recording of telephone conversation among President Johnson, McGeorge Bundy, Tom Mann, General Bruce Palmer, Tapley Bennett, and John Martin, Tape F65.30, Side B, PNO 1, Tape F65.31, Side A, PNO 1, and Tape F65.31, Side B, PNO 1 and 2. Secret. This transcript was prepared in the Office of the Historian specifically for this volume. McGeorge Bundy placed the call from Santo Domingo to President Johnson in Washington; they spoke for approximately 48 minutes.


Document 78: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Flash; Exdis. Received at 3:23 p.m. and passed to the White House at 3:52 p.m.


Document 79: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Flash; Exdis. Received at the Department of State at 5:23 p.m. and passed to the White House at 5:28 p.m., and to DOD exclusively for McNamara at 6 p.m.


Document 80: Memorandum for the Record

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. IV, 5/12–19/65. Secret; Exdis. Drafted by Crockett. Copies were sent to Mann, Vance, Helms, Vaughn, and Bromley Smith for Bundy.


Document 81: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Flash; Exdis. Received in the Department of State at 12:34 p.m. and passed to the White House at 12:45 p.m.


Document 82: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Flash; Exdis. Received in the Department of State at 10:55 p.m. and passed to the White House, DOD for McNamara, and CIA for Raborn at 11:26 p.m.


Document 83: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. V, 5/19/65–5/31/65. Secret; Flash; Exdis. Received in the Department of State at 3:20 a.m. and passed to the White House, DOD for McNamara, and CIA for Raborn at 3:57 a.m.


Document 84: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Flash; Exdis. Received in the Department of State on May 21 at 10:28 p.m. and passed to the White House, DOD for McNamara, and CIA for Raborn at 11:30 p.m.


Document 85: Editorial Note


Document 86: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Flash; Nodis. No time of transmission appears on the telegram; it was received in the Department of State at 6:53 a.m.


Document 87: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Flash; Exdis. Received in the Department of State at 1:58 p.m.


Document 88: Memorandum for the Record

Source: Central Intelligence Agency, Executive Registry Files, Job 80–R01580R, Box 15, Dominican Republic. Secret. Drafted by Raborn on May 24. The time of the meeting is from the President's Daily Diary. (Johnson Library)


Document 89: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Dominican Republic

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Files of Gordon Chase, Bundy's Mission on the Dominican Republic (2/2). Secret; Flash; Exdis. No time of transmission appears on the telegram; it was received in Santo Domingo at 4:55 p.m.


Document 90: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Flash; Exdis. Received in the Department of State at 4:59 a.m. and passed to the White House, DOD, and CIA at 5:25 a.m.


Document 91: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Dominican Republic

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Flash; Exdis. Drafted and approved by Ball. Repeated to the White House.


Document 92: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Dominican Republic

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Immediate; Exdis. Drafted and approved by Ball.


Document 93: Telephone Conversation Between the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs (Mann) and President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, Recordings and Transcripts, Recording of telephone conversation between President Johnson and Thomas Mann, Tape F65.41, Side B, PNO 2. No classification marking. President Johnson placed the telephone call to Mann. This transcript was prepared in the Office of the Historian specifically for this volume.


Document 94: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Flash; Exdis. Received in the Department of State at 3 p.m. and passed to the White House, DOD, and CIA.


Document 95: Memorandum for the Record

Source: Central Intelligence Agency, Executive Registry Files, Job 80–R01580R, Box 15, Dominican Republic, Folder 302. Secret; Eyes Only. Prepared by Raborn on May 26. The time of the meeting is from the President's Daily Diary. (Johnson Library)


Document 96: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Flash; Exdis. Received in the Department of State at 7:47 a.m. and passed to the White House, DOD, and CIA.


Document 97: Memorandum for the Record

Source: Central Intelligence Agency, Executive Registry Files, Job 80–R01580R, Box 15, Dominican Republic, Folder 302. Secret; Eyes Only. Prepared by Raborn on May 28. The time is from the President's Daily Diary. (Johnson Library) The following were present: President Johnson, Rusk, McNamara, Ball, Vaughn, Bunker, Raborn, Fortas, Bundy, Moyers, Desmond FitzGerald, Dick Goodwin, Horace Busby, George Reedy, and Bromley Smith. (Johnson Library) Valenti's handwritten notes of this meeting are ibid., Office of the President File, Valenti Meeting Notes.


Document 98: Intelligence Memorandum

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic—Communist Participation in Current Dominican Rebellion—5/65. Secret; No Foreign Dissem/Controlled Dissem; Background Use Only. Prepared in the Office of Current Intelligence of the Central Intelligence Agency.


Document 99: Memorandum From Secretary of Defense McNamara to President Johnson

Source: Washington National Records Center, OSD Files: FRC 330 70 A 1266, Dominican Republic 381. Confidential. A notation on the memorandum indicates Vance saw it.


Document 100: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Flash; Exdis; No Distribution Outside Department. Passed to the White House. The handwritten notation “President has seen” appears on the White House copy of the telegram that was sent to the President at his Texas ranch. (Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, White House Cables, 4/65–7/65


Document 101: Memorandum for the Record

Source: Central Intelligence Agency, Executive Registry Files, Job 80–R01580R, Box 15, Dominican Republic, Folder 302. Secret. Prepared by Helms on June 3. The time of the meeting is from the President's Daily Diary. (Johnson Library)


Document 102: Record of Conversation Between the Director of the Office of Caribbean Affairs (Crockett) and Former President of the Dominican Republic Balaguer

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. VII, Cables, 6/1–6/14/65. Secret; Exdis. Copies were sent to Vaughn, Bunker, and Ward P. Allen (ARA/RPA). Another June 4 memorandum by Crockett covers the transcript of a half-hour telephone conversation between Crockett and Balaguer, who was in New York City, on May 26. This memorandum explains that Vaughn, returning from a May 26 meeting at the White House (see Document 97), instructed Crockett to contact Balaguer to: “(1) bring him up to date; (2) sound him out; (3) ask him for additional names acceptable to him; (4) see if he has any new strategy to suggest and (5) keep our line to him open and active.” Also attached to this memorandum is a May 27 FBI report of Balaguer's summary of the conversation sent from Hoover to the President. (National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL DOM REP–US)


Document 103: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Confidential; Immediate; Exdis. Passed to the White House, DOD, and CIA.


Document 104: Memorandum for the Record

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Files of Gordon Chase, Meetings on the Dominican Republic—Planning Group. Secret; Eyes Only. Drafted by Chase. Another record of this meeting is in a June 11 memorandum from Alexander M. Haig, Military Assistant to the Special Assistant to John T. McNaughton. (Washington National Records Center, OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 70 A 3717, Dominican Republic 092, January–June 1965)


Document 105: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Dominican Republic

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Immediate; Exdis. Drafted by Mann, Sayre and Crockett; cleared by Bundy and Vaughn; and approved by Mann. This information was sent under cover of a June 11 memorandum from Bundy to President Johnson. In this memorandum Bundy wrote: “Abe Fortas thinks less than nothing of the ‘Bunker–Mann’ plan. He just does not think that a government of ߢtechniciansߣ can do the job, and his belief is that this phrase covers an intent to have a hard-nosed middle-of-the-road here, and that we have to be for progress, or against it, right from the start. That is why he strongly urges that we go back to the task of constructing a political government which would have the support of ߢconstitutionalistsߣ and which would not be violently opposed by the others.” Bundy closed the memorandum by asking if the President wanted the text sent in its current form. It was sent unaltered. (Johnson Library, National Security File, Memos to the President, McGeorge Bundy, Vol. II, 1965)


Document 106: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Immediate; Exdis. Passed to the White House, DOD, and CIA.


Document 107: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. VII. Secret; Immediate; Exdis. Received in the Department of State at 2:28 a.m. and passed to the White House, DOD, and CIA.


Document 108: Memorandum for the Record

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Files of Gordon Chase, Meetings with President Johnson on the Dominican Republic: Fallout. Secret. Drafted by Chase on June 15. The meeting was held in the White House Cabinet Room. The time and place of the meeting are from the President's Daily Diary. (Ibid.)


Document 109: Editorial Note


Document 110: Memorandum for the Record

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Files of Gordon Chase, Meetings on the Dominican Republic—Planning Group. Secret. Drafted by Chase on June 24. The meeting was held in the Cabinet Room of the White House. The place and time of the meeting are from the President's Daily Diary. (Johnson Library).


Document 111: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Immediate; Exdis. Received in the Department of State on June 23 at 9:51 p.m. and passed to the White House, DOD, and CIA.


Document 112: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, White House Cables, 4/65–7/65. Secret; Exdis.


Document 113: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Dominican Republic

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Immediate; Exdis. Drafted by Mann on June 28, cleared by Bundy and Vance (both in draft) and Vaughn, and approved by Mann.


Document 114: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 15 DOM REP. Secret; Immediate; Exdis. Passed to the White House, DOD, and CIA.


Document 115: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Dominican Republic

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 15 DOM REP. Secret; Immediate; Exdis. Drafted and approved by Sayre on July 31.


Document 116: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Dominican Republic

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 15 DOM REP. Secret; Immediate; Exdis. Drafted and approved by Sayre and cleared by Colonel Greenleaf (DOD).


Document 117: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. X, 8/65–9/65. Secret; Immediate; Limdis. Passed to DOD, CINCLANT, CIA, CINCSO, and the White House.


Document 118: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Immediate; Exdis. Passed to DOD, CIA, and the White House.


Document 119: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–7 DOM REP. Secret; Immediate; Exdis. Passed to DOD, CIA, and the White House. This telegram and Document 120 were sent to McGeorge Bundy under cover of an August 3 memorandum from Bowdler who wrote: “Telegram 324 explains how they [Bunker and Bennett] propose to deal with the communist problem. I think it is the best way to go about it. It represents a tall order and I hope Garcia Godoy will buy it.” (Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. X, 8/65–9/65)


Document 120: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. X, 8/65–9/65. Secret; Immediate; Limdis. Repeated to DOD, CIA, CINCSO, CINCLANT, and the White House for McGeorge Bundy. This telegram and Document 119 were sent to McGeorge Bundy under cover of an August 3 memorandum from Bowdler who wrote: “Telegram 325 contains the text of the draft ‘Act of Dominican Reconciliation.’ This also looks okay to me. I do not know how realistic it is to think that Caamano and Imbert will sign the same piece of paper, but I think it is absolutely essential to have a clear understanding in writing as to what the ground rules of the settlement are.” (Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. X, 8/65–9/65)


Document 121: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Dominican Republic

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 15 DOM REP. Secret; Exdis; Priority. Drafted by Mann on August 3; cleared by Bundy, Leonard Meeker (L), Vaughn, Read, and Ball; and approved by Rusk and Mann.


Document 122: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Dominican Republic

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 15 DOM REP. Secret; Flash; Exdis. Drafted by Sayre, cleared by Bowdler, and approved by Vaughn. Repeated to Rio de Janeiro.


Document 123: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, DEF 6 DOM REP. Secret; Immediate; Exdis. Passed to the White House, DOD, and CIA.


Document 124: Intelligence Memorandum

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. X, 8/65–9/65. Secret. Prepared in the Office of Current Intelligence, Directorate of Intelligence, CIA.


Document 125: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 15 DOM REP. Secret; Priority; Exdis. Passed to the White House, DOD, and CIA. On August 19 McGeorge Bundy sent President Johnson a 1–page memorandum summarizing this telegram. It ended: “Garcia Godoy's response is moderately encouraging. This type of arrangement is about the best we can get under the circumstances. For it to work, we will have to keep after Garcia Godoy with material and moral support. We are in a position to do this with CIA, FBI and AID people down there.” (Johnson Library, National Security File, Memos to the President, McGeorge Bundy, Vol. XIII)


Document 126: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Immediate; Exdis. Passed to the White House, DOD, and CIA.


Document 127: Memorandum From Bromley Smith of the National Security Council Staff and the President's Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. X, 8/65–9/65. Secret. The handwritten notation “L[yndon]” appears on the memorandum indicating President Johnson saw it.


Document 128: Editorial Note


Document 129: Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. X, 8/65–9/65. Secret; No Distribution. Drafted by Chase. William V. Broe of the CIA drafted another account of this same meeting on September 4. (Central Intelligence Agency, Executive Registry Files, Job 80–R01580R, Box 15, Dominican Republic, Folder 303)


Document 130: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. X, 8/65–9/65. Secret; Immediate; Exdis. Passed to the White House, DOM, and CIA.


Document 131: Memorandum From the President's Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. X, 8/65–9/65. Secret. The memorandum indicates the President saw it.


Document 132: Memorandum From Director of Central Intelligence Raborn to Secretary of State Rusk

Source: Central Intelligence Agency, Executive Registry Files, Job 80–R01580R, Box 15, Dominican Republic, Folder 303. Secret. Prepared on September 7. Copies were sent to McNamara, Bundy, and Mann.


Document 133: Memorandum for the Record

Source: Central Intelligence Agency, Executive Registry Files, Job 80–R01580R, Box 15, Dominican Republic, Folder 303. Secret. Drafted by Broe on September 17.


Document 134: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XI, 9/65–10/65. Secret; Immediate; Limdis. Passed to the White House, DOD, CIA, CINCSO, and CINCLANT on September 27.


Document 135: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Dominican Republic

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 15–1 DOM REP. Confidential; Immediate. Drafted by C. Allen Stewart, cleared by Bundy, and approved by Sayre.


Document 136: Intelligence Memorandum

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XI, 9/65–10/65. Secret; Background Use Only. Prepared in the Office of Current Intelligence of the Directorate of Intelligence, CIA.


Document 137: Memorandum From the President's Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XI, 9/65–10/65. No classification marking. Bundy sent this memorandum under cover of an October 6 memorandum to Moyers with the following comments: “The attached memorandum and the President's comment give you one more job. I have told Mankiewicz to go ahead and to keep in touch with you on all aspects of what he does, especially any public announcement. Having been through this once before, he is fully alert to the need for discretion among P[eace] C[orps] V[olunteer]s in the DR.”


Document 138: Memorandum of Conversation

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 15 DOM REP. Confidential. Drafted by Shlaudeman. The meeting was held in the National Palace.


Document 139: Central Intelligence Agency Special Memorandum

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XII, 10/65–11/65. Secret.


Document 140: Memorandum for the Record

Source: Central Intelligence Agency, DDO Files, Job 78–3805, Box 1, Folder 29, Dominican Republic. Secret. Drafted by Broe on November 8.


Document 141: Memorandum From Director of Central Intelligence Raborn to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, McGeorge Bundy, Memos to the President. Secret.


Document 142: Letter From the Ambassador to the Dominican Republic (Bennett) to the Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Mann)

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XII, 10/65–11/65. Secret; Official–Informal.


Document 143: Memorandum From Administrator of the Agency for International Development Bell to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. VIII, 11/65–1/66. Confidential. Drafted by William P. Stedman (ARA/ECP), and cleared by C. Allen Stewart and Shlaudeman.


Document 144: Memorandum From the Representative to the Organization of American States (Bunker) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XIII, 11/65–1/66. Confidential.


Document 145: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Dominican Republic

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XII, 10/65–11/65. Confidential. Drafted by Richard E. Lippincott (ARA/CAR); cleared by C. Allen Stewart, Reuben Sternfeld (AA/LA), Charles N. Goldman (GC/LA), Sayre, Donald K. Palmer (ARA), Harrison M. Holland (S/S-O), and Bowdler; and approved by Gaud. Repeated to Rio de Janeiro for Vaughn and David Bronheim (AA/LA).


Document 146: Letter From the Ambassador to the Dominican Republic (Bennett) to the Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Mann)

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XIII, 11/65–1/66. Personal. An “L” on the letter indicates the President saw it.


Document 147: Memorandum From the Deputy Director for Coordination of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research (Koren) to the Director (Hughes)

Source: Department of State, INR/IL Files, 303 Committee Files, Subject File, Dominican Republic 1965. Secret. Drafted on December 9 by James R. Gardner. The memorandum was also addressed to the Deputy Director for Research Allan Evans.


Document 148: Intelligence Memorandum

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XIII, 11/65–1/66. Secret; No Foreign Dissem; Background Use Only; Limited Distribution. Prepared in the Office of Current Intelligence of the Directorate of Intelligence, CIA. Sent to McGeorge Bundy under cover of a December 14 memorandum from CIA Director Raborn, who wrote: “A review of recent developments in the Dominican Republic indicates that the provisional government there has achieved a fragile stability, and most politically minded Dominicans feel the government will survive until the elections slated for 1 June. We are by no means yet out of the woods there, but Garcia Godoy appears to be dealing with the worst problems on the left and also to have composed, at least temporarily, his principal differences with the military.”


Document 149: Intelligence Memorandum

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XIV, 1/66–4/66. Secret. Prepared in the Office of Current Intelligence of the Directorate of Intelligence, CIA. On the title page Bundy wrote: “Bill Bowdler: the Agency is damned close to policy making here. But it may be pretty good policy. What do you think? McG.” Another copy of the memorandum indicates it was sent to McGeorge Bundy under cover of a December 23 memorandum from Richard Helms, Acting Director of Central Intelligence. Helms wrote: “The events in Santiago last week-end have considerably lessened the chances for keeping the situation in the Dominican Republic under control. For this reason I want to invite your attention to the attached memorandum, which contains our latest assessment.” A note attached to this cover memorandum indicates that the memorandum was also sent to Vaughn, Mann, Rusk, McNamara, and Vance. (Central Intelligence Agency, Executive Registry Files, Job 80–R01580R, Box 15, Dominican Republic, Folder 303)


Document 150: Editorial Note


Document 151: Memorandum From Acting Director of Central Intelligence Helms to the Deputy Director for Plans of the Central Intelligence Agency (Fitzgerald)

Source: Central Intelligence Agency, DDO Files, Job 78–3805, Box 1, Folder 29, Dominican Republic. Secret. A copy was sent to the Chief of the Western Hemisphere Division (CIA).


Document 152: Memorandum Prepared for the 303 Committee

Source: Department of State, INR/IL Historical Files, 303 Committee Records, Dominican Republic, 1966. Secret; Eyes Only. Sent to Helms under cover of a January 4, 1966, memorandum on the “Presidential Elections in the Dominican Republic” from Broe.


Document 153: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Dominican Republic

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 15 DOM REP. Secret; Flash; Exdis. Drafted by Sayre; cleared by Vaughn, Vance, and Bowdler; and approved by Mann.


Document 154: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Secret; Flash; Exdis. Received at 12:09 a.m. and passed to the White House, CIA, and DOD.


Document 155: Memorandum From the Deputy Director for Coordination of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research (Koren) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs (Vaughn)

Source: Department of State, INR/IL Historical Files, Dominican Republic, 1966. Secret; Eyes Only. Drafted on January 7.


Document 156: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XIII, 11/65–1/66. Secret; Flash; Exdis. Received on January 6 at 8:30 p.m. and passed to the White House and DOD.


Document 157: Memorandum Prepared for the 303 Committee

Source: National Security Council, Special Group/303 Committee Files, Meeting File, Dominican Republic. Secret; Eyes Only. A handwritten notation on this memorandum reads: “Approved by the 303 Committee on 20 Jan 1966.”


Document 158: Memorandum From the Chief of the Western Hemisphere Division of the Central Intelligence Agency (Broe) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs (Vaughn)


Document 159: Memorandum From William G. Bowdler of the National Security Council Staff to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XIV, 1/66–4/66. Confidential. An “L” on the memorandum indicates the President saw it.


Document 160: Memorandum From the President's Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XIV, 1/66–4/66. Confidential. The President wrote “good” with his initial at the bottom of the memorandum.


Document 161: Memorandum From the President's Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XIV, 1/66–4/66. Secret.


Document 162: Memorandum From the Representative to the Organization of American States (Bunker) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XIV, 1/66–4/66. Confidential. An “L” on the memorandum indicates the President saw it. Bunker departed the Dominican Republic and arrived in Washington for consultations on March 4.


Document 163: Memorandum for the Record

Source: Central Intelligence Agency, DDO Files, Job 78–5505, Box 4/4, Folder 79. Secret. Drafted by Broe on March 14 and a copy was sent to the CIA Deputy Director for Plans.


Document 164: Memorandum of Telephone Conversation

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 23–9 DOM REP. Limited Official Use. Drafted by Stewart.


Document 165: Memorandum From William G. Bowdler of the National Security Council Staff to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Memos to the President, McGeorge Bundy, Vol. 21.Secret; Eyes Only. An “L” on the memorandum indicates that the President saw it. A copy was sent to Bill Moyers.


Document 166: Memorandum From the Representative to the Organization of American States (Bunker) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XIV, 1/66–4/66. Confidential.


Document 167: Memorandum From Director of Central Intelligence Raborn to President Johnson

[Source: Central Intelligence Agency, Executive Registry Files, Job 80–R01580R, Box 15, Dominican Republic, Folder 302. Secret; Sensitive. 2 pages of source text not declassified.]


Document 168: Memorandum From the Deputy Director for Coordination of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research (Koren) to the Deputy Director (Denney)

Source: Department of State, INR/IL Historical Files, Dominican Republic 1966. Secret. Drafted by James R. Gardner on April 8. Also addressed to Allan Evans, INR Deputy Director for Research.


Document 169: Memorandum From the President's Special Assistant (Rostow) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XIV, 1/66–4/66. Confidential. Notations on the memorandum indicate it was received at the LBJ Ranch in Texas on April 12 at 4:30 p.m. and that the President saw it. President Johnson flew to his ranch April 7 and stayed there until he departed April 14 for a visit to Mexico City where he dedicated a statue of Abraham Lincoln. President Johnson returned to Washington April 15 at 7:40 p.m. (Ibid., President's Daily Diary)


Document 170: Paper Prepared by the Under Secretary of State (Mann)

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Intelligence File, Dominican Republic Elections—1966. Top Secret. An attached covering note from Bromley Smith indicates this paper was from Mann and that Smith put it in the President's file.


Document 171: National Intelligence Estimate

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, National Intelligence Estimates, Dominican Republic. Secret. According to a note on the cover sheet this estimate was prepared in the Central Intelligence Agency with the participation of the intelligence organizations of the Departments of State and Defense and the National Security Agency. The United States Intelligence Board concurred in this estimate on April 28. In an April 28 memorandum to Raborn, Helms wrote: “I seriously question whether the Estimate on ‘Prospects for Stability in the Dominican Republic' should go before the Board today. a) The election is only a little more than a month away, i.e. 1 June. b) NIE's have not been used traditionally to predict elections, and this one certainly does not. c) The basic instability, economic, political, etc., will still be present in the country after the election.” Helms continued, “I suggest, therefore, that this paper be held until some time in June.” (Central Intelligence Agency, DCI (Helms) Chron Files, Job 80–B01285A, January 1–June 30, 1966, Box 11)


Document 172: Memorandum Prepared for the 303 Committee

Source: Department of State, INR/IL Historical Files, 303 Committee Records, 1966. Secret; Eyes Only.


Document 173: Memorandum From the Acting Deputy Director for Coordination of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Department of State (McAfee) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs (Gordon)

Source: Department of State, INR/IL Historical Files, Dominican Republic 1966. Secret; Eyes Only. Drafted on May 9.


Document 174: Memorandum From Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Yarmolinsky) to Deputy Secretary of Defense (Vance)

Source: Washington National Records Center, OSD/ADMIN Files: FRC 330 70 A 4443, Dominican Republic, #385. Secret.


Document 175: Memorandum From the President's Special Assistant (Rostow) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Intelligence File, Dominican Republic Elections—1966. Top Secret; Eyes Only; Sensitive. An “L” on the memorandum indicates the President saw it.


Document 176: Circular Telegram From the Department of State to all American Republic Posts

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 14 DOM REP. Secret; Immediate; Exdis. Drafted by Sayre and Bowdler, cleared by Bunker and Stewart, and approved by Sayre. Sent to all ARA posts except Santo Domingo for action and repeated to Santo Domingo.


Document 177: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 14 DOM REP. Secret; Immediate; Limdis. Repeated to Santiago de Los Caballeros and passed to the White House, DOD, CIA, USIA, NSA, and CINCLANT for POLAD. The telegram was re-typed and sent to President Johnson under cover of a May 26 memorandum from Walt Rostow who wrote: “The latest BunkerߝCrimmins estimate of the election outlook is attached. They believe that Balaguer's chances have improved during the past three weeks, but they are not confident enough about the gains to predict his victory.” (Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XV)


Document 178: Editorial Note


Document 179: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Solomon) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XVI. Confidential. This memorandum responds to a June 14 memorandum to Bell and Gordon in which Rostow wrote “The President wants a concise and lucid description of: 1. Where we stand in our economic talks with Balaguer. 2. What we are proposing to him by way of an economic recovery program, including self help and external assistance. 3. The resources that we have earmarked for assistance to the new government in the coming fiscal year.” The President wants to ensure adequate assistance allocations for the Dominican Republic and a “strong self-help line with Balaguer, but does not want to see the political and economic consolidation of the Balaguer government stall for lack of necessary U.S. support.” Rostow asked that a response be prepared in time for Bunker's meeting with the President on June 16. (National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, ARA Files: Lot 68 D 93, Dominican Republic) On June 16 Bowdler, Rostow, Bunker, and President Johnson met at the White House from 5:50 to 6:32 p.m. to discuss the electoral outcome in the Dominican Republic. (Johnson Library, President's Daily Diary) No other record of this meeting has been found.


Document 180: Information Memorandum From the President's Special Assistant (Rostow) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XVI. Secret. Copies were sent to Marvin Watson and Bill Moyers.


Document 181: Memorandum From the Acting Chairman of the Board of National Estimates (Smith)to Director of Central Intelligence Helms

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XVI. Secret.


Document 182: Intelligence Memorandum

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XVI. Secret; No Foreign Dissem. Prepared in the Office of Current Intelligence of the CIA and coordinated with the Office of National Estimates.


Document 183: Memorandum From the Representative to the Organization of American States (Bunker) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XVI. Confidential. Transmitted under a September 9 covering memorandum from Rostow who informed the President that Bunker returned to Washington from Santo Domingo the evening of September 8, and that he planned to meet with Fulbright the following week to discuss his trip. President Johnson wrote a note at the bottom of Rostow's memorandum requesting that Rostow report to him after Bunker's meeting with Fulbright.


Document 184: Special National Intelligence Estimate

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XVI. Secret. Prepared in the CIA and concurred in by the United States Intelligence Board.


Document 185: Memorandum From the Representative to the Organization of American States (Bunker) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XVII. Confidential. Transmitted under a November 9 covering memorandum from Rostow who wrote: “Ellsworth Bunker went to the Dominican Republic the week before last with his two OAS colleagues (Brazilian Ambassador Ilmar Penna Marinho and El Salvador Ambassador Ramon de Clairmont Duenas) to talk to Balaguer. On Bunker's return he did the attached report for you, describing his findings. He thinks that on balance the favorable new developments of the Balaguer administration outweigh the unfavorable ones and the prospects for stability are still good. Other recent reports have been less sanguine; but Ellsworth's judgment has been pretty good over the months.”


Document 186: Memorandum From the President's Special Assistant (Rostow) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XVII. Secret; Sensitive. The President wrote at the top of the memorandum: “Walt, stay on top of this. This needs attention.”


Document 187: Memorandum From William G. Bowdler of the National Security Council Staff to the President' Special Assistant (Rostow)

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XVII. Secret.


Document 188: Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XVII. Confidential. The meeting was held in the Oval Office. (Johnson Library, President' Daily Diary) The time of the meeting is from the President' Daily Diary.


Document 189: Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XVII. Confidential. The meeting was held in Bowdler's office. Copies were sent to Sayre and Rostow.


Document 190: Memorandum Prepared for the 303 Committee

Source: National Security Council, Special Group/303 Committee Files, Subject Files, Dominican Republic 1967. Secret; Eyes Only.


Document 191: Memorandum for the Record

Source: National Security Council, Special Group/303 Committee Files, Minutes of 303 Committee, April 7, 1967. Secret; Eyes Only. Drafted on April 10. Copies were sent to Kohler, Vance, and Helms.


Document 192: Intelligence Memorandum

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XVII. Secret; No Foreign Dissem. Prepared in the Office of Current Intelligence of the CIA and coordinated with the Office of Research and Reports, the Office of National Estimates, and the clandestine services.


Document 193: Memorandum of Conversation

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1967–69, POL DOM REP. Confidential. Drafted by Van Reigersberg and approved in S on April 12. A note on the memorandum indicates it was revised on June 1.


Document 194: Memorandum of Conversation

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, ARA Files: Lot 70 D 150, Dominican Republic 1967. Limited Official Use. Drafted by Van Reigersberg and approved in the White House on April 28. The memorandum is part I of IV; part II is Document 195. In part III Presidents Johnson and Balaguer discussed a request by the Dominican Republic for assistance to construct the Valdesia dam that according to Balaguer would increase agricultural production and ease the Dominican Republic balance of payment problem. Balaguer also requested an increase in investment guaranties for housing construction. In part IV Balaguer stated his hope that the Dominican Republic be given preferential treatment at the ongoing Kennedy Round trade talks for 20 to 25 agricultural items in order to improve the balance-of-payments situation in his country. (National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, ARA Files: Lot 70 D 150, Dominican Republic 1967)


Document 195: Memorandum of Conversation

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, ARA Files: Lot 70 D 150, Dominican Republic 1967. Limited Official Use. Drafted by Van Reigersberg and approved in the White House on April 28. The memorandum is part II of IV; see footnote 1, Document 194, regarding parts I, III, and IV.


Document 196: Country Analysis and Strategy Paper

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1967–69, POL 1 DOM REP–US. Secret. The paper is Part 1 of a 51-page “Country Analysis and Strategy Paper” transmitted as Enclosure 1 of airgram A–532.


Document 197: National Intelligence Estimate

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, National Intelligence Estimates, Dominican Republic. Secret; Controlled Dissem. According to a note on the cover sheet this estimate was prepared in the Central Intelligence Agency with the participation of the intelligence organizations of the Departments of State and Defense and the NSA. The United States Intelligence Board concurred in this estimate on April 20.


Document 198: Memorandum From William G. Bowdler of the National Security Council Staff to the President's Special Assistant (Rostow)

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XVII. Secret.


Document 199: Memorandum From the President's Special Assistant (Rostow) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XVII. Confidential. An “L” on the memorandum indicates the President saw it.


Document 200: Memorandum of Meeting of the Dominican Republic Review Group

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XVII. Secret. The meeting was held in the White House Situation Room. A copy was sent to Walt Rostow.


Document 201: Memorandum From the President's Special Assistant (Rostow) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XVII. Confidential.


Document 202: Memorandum From the President's Special Assistant (Rostow) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XVII. Secret. An “L” on the memorandum indicates that the President saw it.


Document 203: Memorandum Prepared for the 303 Committee

Source: National Security Council, Special Group/303 Committee Files, Subject Files, Dominican Republic 1967. Secret; Eyes Only.


Document 204: Action Memorandum From the President's Special Assistant (Rostow) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XVIII. Confidential. Handwritten notations on the memorandum indicate that Bowdler was notified on November 13, and a copy was sent the same day to the Bureau of the Budget.


Document 205: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1967–69, POL 23 DOM REP. Secret; Priority. Repeated to Santiago de los Caballeros.


Document 206: Information Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs (Oliver) to Secretary of State Rusk

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XVIII. Secret. Drafted by Long.


Document 207: Memorandum From the Director of the Bureau of the Budget (Schultze) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XVIII. Confidential.


Document 208: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1967–69, POL 2 DOM REP. Secret; Limdis. Repeated to Santiago de los Caballeros.


Document 209: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1967–69, POL 2 DOM


Document 210: Information Memorandum From the President's Special Assistant (Rostow) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XVIII. Secret. A “PS” on the memorandum indicates the President saw it.


Document 211: Memorandum Prepared for the 303 Committee

Source: Department of State, INR/IL Historical Files, 303 Committee Records, 1968. Secret; Eyes Only. Sent to Bohlen, through Trueheart under a February 13 covering memorandum from Oliver who summarized it and recommended approval of the recommendation.


Document 212: Country Analysis and Strategy Paper

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files POL 1 DOM US. Secret. Transmitted as enclosure 1 to airgram A–563, April 21, which was repeated to Santiago de los Caballeros. A covering note indicates that this paper superseded the April 15, 1967, “Country Analysis and Strategy Paper,” Document 196.


Document 213: Editorial Note


Document 214: Action Memorandum From the President's Special Assistant (Rostow) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XVIII. Confidential.


Document 215: Memorandum Prepared for the 303 Committee

Source: Department of State, INR/IL Historical Files, 303 Committee Records, 1968. Secret; Eyes Only. The date of this memorandum is stamped at the bottom of the first page. A copy was sent under a July 2 covering memorandum from Oliver through Trueheart to Bohlen. In this memorandum, Oliver wrote: “ARA agrees that our aid to the PRSC contributed to the results [less than 1 line of source text not declassified] named, and I therefore recommend that in the 303 Committee you note your approval of the attached [less than 1 line of source text not declassified] memorandum.” No record of such approval has been found.


Document 216: Intelligence Memorandum

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XVIII. Secret; No Foreign Dissem. Prepared by the Office of Current Intelligence of the CIA, Directorate of Intelligence, and coordinated with the Office of Economic Research, the Office of National Estimates, and the Clandestine Services.


Document 217: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1967–69, POL 2 DOM


Document 218: Minutes of Meeting

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, ARA Files: Lot 70 D 122, IRG/ARAIRG meetings were routinely attended by the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs, and other representatives from ARA, AID, DOD, and the White House.


Document 219: Telegram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1967–69, POL 2 DOM


Document 220: Airgram From the Embassy in the Dominican Republic to the Department of State

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1967–69, POL 2 DOM Crimmins and officers of the Political and Economic sections of the Embassy. Copies were sent to Madrid, Port-Au-Prince, Santiago de los Caballeros, USCINCSO for POLAD, USCINCLANT for POLAD, COMCARIBSEAFRON, and COMSECONDFLT.


Document 221: Information Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs (Oliver) to Secretary of State Rusk

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1967–69, POL 15 DOM John J. Youle on December 17 and cleared by Long.


Document 222: Memorandum From the President's Special Assistant (Rostow) to President Johnson

Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Dominican Republic, Vol. XVIII. Confidential.