Wang replied there had been no
settlement real issues during course these talks and US policy headed
opposite direction. US Government trying worsen Sino-US relations with
President's invitation Chen Cheng's visit. Noted communique reiterated
US support GRC “usurpation” China's
UN seat. Only with US support was
“Chiang Kai-shek clique” able
be entrenched Taiwan and in UN seat. No
indication change this policy. Noted US Senate resolution also pledged
support Chiang-Kai-shek usurpation China's UN seat. Stated since August 11 ChiCom spokesman had issued
158th through 165th series warnings indicating US trying to worsen
relations through intrusion Chinese territory and territorial waters.
Stated Berlin crisis used as pretext for increasing military
expenditures and some US leaders state global action may be taken.
Increasingly blatant hostility toward Chinese people one part of this.
Above in contravention my opening statement. American suggestions for
exchange newsmen were a mockery; such exchange could not be considered
during the exchange of Vice
Presidential visits between US and GRC.
Cannot skip main issue: Seizure of Taiwan by US. This also applies
newsmen question. Chinese have had sincere desire for success since
inception these talks but no response from US. Rather US has had policy
of hostility even more undisguised. Chance of success depends on change
in US occupation of China's territory Taiwan.
I replied I could not accept his unwarranted attack on meeting between
President Kennedy and Vice
President Chen Cheng. Stated Wang had once again attacked our ally of long standing.
US bound to GRC by sympathy and common
interest; only natural and reasonable two countries should survey
international scene in spirit mutual understanding reflected by this
communique. Communique presents assessment international situation which
Wang leaders should consider
carefully and thoughtfully if indeed they thought to contribute
lessening tensions in Far East. Rejected Wang accusation US warships and planes intrude ChiCom
waters stating we governed by international law not unilateral ChiCom
determinations. Re newsmen regretted our proposal was rejected as
designed decrease tensions.
Wang replied could not accept my
explanation meeting between President and Chen Cheng. No real peace in
Far East mainly because US occupying Chinese territory Taiwan which has
upset peace. Reiterated US must change policy.
Wang replied Old China
represented by Chiang Kai-shek
regime ended when People's Republic China inaugurated. Only US support
enables Chiang Kai-shek eke out
existence on Taiwan. Cannot be regarded as state for represents no
people. Taiwan is only province of PRC.
No right to conclude treaty with foreign power therefore treaties with
US are null and void. In these talks ChiComs have earnestly sought ways
and means settle issues. Basic position is to realize ChiCom territorial
integrity. US occupation this part China territory stands in way final
realization China territorial integrity. US Government has used force
against China to obstruct reunification China. Therefore not China but
US should initiate realistic, practical steps remove obstacles.
I replied GRC recognized as sovereign
government by majority nations world. Many nations have interest in
GRCs protection and integrity.
Present situation in which threats proceed from Wang's side are of great interest to
world from standpoint maintenance peace in area. US trying to devise
formula and means remove threat and regrets unsuccessful till now.
Wang replied have told you
many times Chiang Kai-shek regime
would not last one day without US support. No rationalization by you can
change fact US is occupying Chinese territory. It righteous enterprise
on part Chinese people to work for unification of country. Chinese
people not threatening anyone; rather US threatens Chinese people. Such
abnormal situation cannot be allowed continue forever.
I replied I had nothing further and sought advance agreement press
announcement next meeting. Wang
appeared surprised at open-ended announcement and asked if agreeable to
set date some time December subject to latter change if necessary. I
agreed and we set date next meeting December 5, 2 p.m.
*Source: Department of State, Central Files,
611.93/8-1561. Confidential; Niact; Limit Distribution. Repeated to
Taipei, Hong Kong, and Moscow.
1Beam sent a detailed,
apparently verbatim report of the meeting in airgram A-116, August
18. (Ibid., 611.93/8-1861)
2Telegram 215, August 11, provided guidance for the
formal portion of the meeting. Paragraphs 1, 2, and 3 instructed
Beam to tell Wang he had to return to
Washington for temporary duty for about 3 months, to urge release of
the four remaining imprisoned American civilians, and to urge
Wang's side to reexamine
this and other U.S. proposals as ways of reaching agreement on
practical questions. (Ibid., 611.93/8-1161) See the
3Paragraph 4 instructed
Beam to make his
presentations as brief as possible while keeping the record clear
and, if appropriate, to point out that the two sides remained as far
apart as ever on fundamental issues, reinforcing the U.S. view that
the best approach to the talks was to try to reach agreement on
practical concrete questions; the United States did not expect
Wang's side to give up
their position on fundamental issues and did not believe they
seriously expected the United States to do so.