1.1 In discharging allocated responsibilities and effecting integration
of economic intelligence, the interested departments and agencies will
apply the following basic principles:
a. No complete separation of areas of interest is possible or necessarily
desirable in economic intelligence activities.
b. Full and free interchange of all intelligence information and finished
intelligence and schedules of research programs, including external
research, between all agencies concerned is essential.
c. No one agency is considered to be the final authority in any field;
conclusions may be questioned by other IAC agencies and dissents recorded.
1.2 An agency charged with primary responsibility in a particular field
will develop special competence in that field and will normally carry
out most of the research in that field.
1.3 Any agency may make such studies as it believes necessary to
supplement intelligence obtained from other agencies in order to fulfill
its departmental functions; however, basic research studies should not
normally be undertaken without prior discussion with the agencies having
primary responsibility for the subject matter involved.
1.4 Each intelligence agency will endeavor to coordinate the intelligence
activities of its technical services and its other facilities having
economic intelligence production capabilities with the work of the
IAC intelligence agencies and to
make available to those agencies the intelligence produced by such
services and facilities.
2. Responsibility for Economic Intelligence
2.1 Responsibility for research and for the production of economic
intelligence on the Soviet Bloc is allocated as follows:
a. The Department of State shall have primary responsibility for those
aspects of intelligence production in which economic and political
analysis are interdependent. It will produce intelligence on economic
policy and politico-economic trends and will undertake such other
analyses and studies as may be required in fulfilling its assigned
primary production responsibilities.
b. The Department of Defense shall have primary responsibility for the
production of intelligence on the military aspects of the economy. They
will produce intelligence on military requirements, logistics, ships and
ship movements, and on production of military end items, and will
undertake such other analyses and studies as may be required in
fulfilling their assigned primary production responsibilities.
c. The CIA shall have primary
responsibility, as a service of common concern, for intelligence
production on all aspects and all sectors of the economy, except for
those specified in 2.1 (a) and (b). With full recognition given to the
intelligence produced by other agencies, it shall supplement this
intelligence by such independent analyses and studies as may be
necessary to produce integrated economic intelligence on the total
economy of the Soviet Bloc.
2.2 It is recognized that, despite the above-mentioned allocations of
primary production responsibilities, there will be areas of common or
overlapping interest which require continuing interagency liaison and
such working-level conferences as may be appropriate.
3. Responsibility for Economic Intelligence
3.1 To assist the Central Intelligence Agency is carrying out its
coordinating responsibility, the Economic Intelligence Committee shall
continue to perform the functions outlined in IAC D–22/1 (revised).44. Document 72.
3.2 In accordance therewith, the Economic Intelligence Committee shall,
upon request of the Office of National Estimates, prepare coordinated
contributions to comprehensive estimates of Soviet Bloc Capabilities
scheduled in the approved program of National Intelligence
Estimates.55. Printed from an unsigned
1 Source: National Archives, RG 59,
INR Historical Files: Lot 58 D
776, DCI Directives. Confidential. A
typed note reads: “Agreed text CIA/State 2/5/54.” For a revised version of this directive,
see Document 191.
2 The term “Soviet Bloc” as used
in this Directive covers the USSR;
Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Rumania, Bulgaria, Albania, East
Germany; Communist China and North Korea. Supplements to this
directive may reduce this coverage or extend it to other areas under
Soviet domination, if such modification is warranted. [Footnote in
NSCID No. 1, see Document 256; for NSCID No. 3, see Foreign
Relations, 1945–1950, Emergence of the Intelligence
Establishment, Document 426; for NSCID No. 15, see Document